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Page 2 — Sun Times, Wednesday, November 18, 1964 

Erna WeiWs Weeping Mothers 
^A Memorial To Birmingham Four 



.^ÄJ* ■ -'^ 

♦'■■ ■. 

:;, TEANECK— Erna WeUlknew 
i'Sfie would never forget the date 
Ol Sept. 15, 1963. 
r: She feit emotionally compel- 
ied to do somethlng about It, and 
-the internatlonally known sculiv 
tif'ess set to work on a statue, 
'^ commemorate thebombingof 
^'^ church in Alabama, where four 
'N^gro children were killed. 

''I was shakenbythatterrlble 
^icirime agalnst children, and a- 
' gainst all humanlty,*' says Mrs. 
Weill, a woman of great em- 
pathy. "I wanted to portay 
these mothers, crylng out in 

She is skllled in many media: 
^ metals, stone, concrete, marble 
terra cotta. The new statuewas 
to be in bronze. 

She began in September, 1963 
'and worked busily for many 
months in her Alpine drive 
studio. O t h e r sculptures de- 
manded her time and efforts, 
<<but this one meant the most 
to me. She called It «*The 
Mothers of Birmingham." 

* • 


"Do you See how those four 

women stand isolated and lone- 

ly in their agony?" asks Mrs. 

Weill, surveylng the sculpture 

of black bronze with golden high 
lights. «Intolerance andbigotry 
are terrible things,"she adds. 
**This is my way of speaking 
out agalnst them.»' 
.;But It was not enough merely 
to carve suffering in stone. The 
artist wanted all people to re- 
member the disastrous date. 
**I especially wanted young peo- 
ple always to be mindful of this 
tragedy, so that the world they 
will shape will not allow this to 
happen agaln.'' 

Thus the Idea came to her to 
donate this product of her labors 
to a university, where it would 
be displayed for all the young 
students to see. 

She wrote to Dr. Peter Sam- 
martino President of Fairleigh 
Dickinson University. He an- 
swered. The two met and dis- 

MOTHERS OF BIRMINGHAM — Sculptress Erna WeUl looks thoughtfully at her four weeping 
figures, a memorial to the four children killed last year in the bombing of a Birmingham church. 
(Photo by Frank Russe) 

cussed the project. 

The Statue was sent to the 
foundry to be cast in bronze. 
The university constructed a 
base according to Mrs. Weill's 

specifications. A descriptive pt 
aque was made. 

The artist, whose rieh arfc- 
istic background is outlined in 
"Who's Who of American Wo- 
men" has exhibited in Europe, 
Asia and America. Her work 
forms part of the permanent 
collections of museums ftom 
New York (Brooklyn Museum) 
to Israel (Tel Aviv and Bezalel 
Museums.) Her bronze wall re- 
lief, "Jacob's Dream", is in 
the entrance lobby ofthe Jewish 
Community Center of Teaneck. 
Now Fairleigh Dickinson Uni- 
versity is added to the roster 
of far-flung places housing her 

ing women, in the throes of 
thelr grlef, is modern in style. 
It Stands 18 inches high, on a 
base 45 inches long. Restlng 
on a pedestal several feet high, 
it is the sight that meets all 
visitors entering the university 
library on the Teaneck campus. 

The artist herseif composed 
the inscription: 

"A Negro church was bomb- 
ed; four little children were^ 
killed, in Birmingham, on Sept.' 
15,1963. Are there worse 
crimes agalnst humanlty? Still, 
life goes on as usual. Who thinks 
of the pain and suffering of the 
grieving women? We shall not 

"A Negro church was bomb- 

ed; four little children were 
killed. We shaU not forget." 

"The Mothers of Birming- 
ham" is a memorial to the bit- 
ter fruits of intolerance. The 
arresting group of four weep- ij 



DeÄtaf ?o^t"ü'Äw^r*J" ^"' New York Publiclibra,^ 
tion. die aus Werken von «nJ üh<.^*K •**' "l' «chomburg dJlIec- 
srosse Bronzebüste Maltta LuJher Ki^.?'*" ''^''***' ''«* '*"««'»- 
Bei der feierlichen Übergabe der R^i.*^ " 9*««J»«nk gemacht, 
relctor der Bibliothek E/wardG Fr«iS J^^ü- ^\"'' "•"«> «>« »«- 
Yorlter Branchen. Mrs. Jean o Sidfrev dL «,mk ^*".*'"™ "« N«'' 
die die Büste schuf, Josephine sw!^.;.^?"*'i"^"*"" ^'n* Weiil, 
tional Council of JewiXwimen'u^d //' t" ^'äsidentin des Na- 

CCection. ^M^ B.VuLn^^i^^*' '^'^"•"""*- 

Sculptured Head Of 
Martin Luther King At Library 

a sculptured head of 

^^f^}^.b^^^^ ^^ ^y Erna 
Weül of Teaneck is now on dis- 
play in the Main Room of the 
Teaneck Public Library and may 
be Seen during regulär library 
hours until June 10, 

Miss Weill, who lives at 886 
Alpine Drive, studied sculpture 
in Germany as a student of a 
teacher who had leamed the art 
from the great Auguste Rodin. 

Her work has been exhibited at 
leading galleries throughout the 
Umted States, and it is also in 
the permanent collections of the 
Georgia State Museum, the Bir- 
mingham (Alabama) Museum, 
the Hyde Park, New York Lib- 
rary, and the Hebrew University 
in Jerusalem. Her famous 
bronze relief, Jacob's Dream, 
was installed at the Teaneck 
Continued on Page 8 

ISSäiC (Joürityipj 


Dr. King Memorial Cost t 

Partisan politics was discard- 
ed in the interest of civic pride 
by the leaders of both county 
political organizations when 
they agreed to assume the cost 
of a bonze bust of Martin 
Luther King, which will be in- 
stalled in City Hall. 

Democratic Leader Anthony 
J. Grossi and Republican County 
Leader Stephen Dudiak equally 

gaid the $200 cost of the casting$l,00O. 

which memorializes the late 
civil rights leader. 

Mayor Lawrence Kramer has 
consented to accept the bust 
which is to be sculptured by 
Erna Weill of Teaneck, who will 
sculpture the bust in tribute to 
the assassinated leader. 

Dudiak and Grossi will pay 
the cost of the bronze caX'ng, y ^ 
The bust would normally cvt r J ' 

1 (\M\ ^ > 








Poem by 





"Thoughtful Girl," oil painting by Ernest 

Crichlow, New York Negro artist. Courtesy 







Vol. 2:^, No. 2 (250) Feb.,1%9 


Louis Harap 
Sam Pevzner 
David Platt 

Morris U. Schappes 



Hemispheric Solidarity in Montreal Sam Pevzner 

The Sins OF THE Fathers Leon Eisenher g 

It Happened in Israel /,. //. 


The Black Prophet Poem by 

Isaac Elchanan Ronch 


The Editor's Diary M, U, S. 


Marxism and Nationalism Surveyed Louis Harap 


Parents' Corner Max Rosenfeld and Guest 

Elise C. Rollock 27 

Inside THE Jewish Community 5. P. 


Kauffman's Nakedness — A Non-Review Book review by 

Elsie Levitan 


Letters from Readers 


Around THE World 


To he sure you do not miss an 
ißsue, your change of address ntust 
he received by us no later than the 
lOth of the month, Changes received 
mfter that will not take effect for 
another month. 

Jewish Currents. Fcbruary, 1969, Vol. 23, No. 
2 (250). Published monthly except July and 
August when bi-monthly. by Jewish Currents, Inc.. 
Room 601. 22 East 17 St., New York. N. Y. 
10003. WAtkins 4-5740. Single copies 40 centv 
Subscription 14 a vear in U.S. (17 for two years), 
eisewhere add $1 a year. Second class postage 
paid at the post office at New York. Copyright 
1969 by Jewish Currents, Inc. 




Jan. 15 

A DOZEN capitals in Europe, the 
"^^ Middle East and our continent 
are abuzz with üalks, ruinors, leaks, 
feelers and diplomatic probings about 
efFecting peace in the Middle East. In 
this buzzing one hears about Four- 
Povver action, inside or outside the 
United Nations, about a Soviet note 
to Washington of Dec. :)0 (still un- 
published), of "imposed peace," 
"Soviet concessions" and "Soviet 
rigidity," activating Jarring . . . At 
the same time DeGaulle embargoes 
delivery of planes and even spare parts 
already paid for by Israel and Britain 
sells missiles to Jordan— and Wash- 
ington is in a State of animated Sus- 
pension pending Nixon's inauguration 
and enunciation of a Middle East poli- 
c> . Yet— as the /V. Y. Times said Jan. 
8 in an editorial scoring DeGaulle's 
embargo as "bound to stiffen Israeli 
resistance to any 'imposed' peace," — 
"any indications of flexibility require 
exploration in the present explosive 

If the Situation is more "explosive" 

now than a nionth ago, it is because 

of a series of events that "began" with 

the Arab terrorist attack Dec. 26 on 

an El AI plane and its passengers in 

Athens, with loss of life. With major 

World forces remarkably (or charac- 

teristically?) indifferent both to the 

loss of life and the threat to Israel's 

air life-line, Israel overreacted Dec. 

28 by destroying Arab aviation prop- 

erty in Beirut, the headquarters of 

the Arab terrorist group involved. 

This overreaction was counter-produc- 

tive, so that in Israel public opinion 

from the middle of the road Haaretz 

February, 1969 

to the Communist (Mikunis-Sneh) 
Kol Haam has been questioning 
whether the Israeli arniy chose the 
right target and the right tactic for 
its necessary reaction to the Athens 

The UN Security Council, for its 
part, overreacted Dec. 31 by passing 
a thoroughly one-sided resolution 
condenining Israel only, without even 
mentioning the Arab terrorist attack. 
And since the Big Four, including the 
USA, voted for the resolution, talk of 
unspecified Four-Power action to "im- 
pose" a peace arouses Israel's under- 
standable fears that she may be the 
victini of Gold War competition among 
the Big Four to woo the Arabs for 
Gold War advantage. 

Yet the Soviet note is important if 

only because it reveals a new sense 
of urgency in achieving a political 
Solution along the lines of the füll 
text of the Security Gouncil Resolution 
of Nov. 22, 1967. Since the Soviet 
Union is the only one of the Big Four 
that actually has a frontier in the 
Middle East, it is to be expected that 
she is a powerful force in the area. 
Without an official text of the Soviet 
note (the Arabic Version published in 
Lebanon Jan. 10 has not been authen- 
ticated,) it is difficult to discuss the 
content of the proposed peace, except 
insofar as that peace is based on the 
Nov. 22. 1967 resolution. 

The Arab version, however (A^. Y. 
Times, Jan. 11), differs substantially 
from the Security Gouncil document 
in a crucial point. The Arab text 
speaks of Israel withdrawal "to their 
pre-June 5, 1967 lines ... In other 
words, the Situation that existed in 

May, 1967, shall be lestored." But the 
UN Resolution makes no mention of 
the pre-June 5 lines; in fact, such a 
Soviel draft resolution presented Nov. 
20, 1967 was not even put to a vote 
wheii the Soviet Union agreed to the 
compromise unaniniously adopted 
Nov. 22, 1967. This resolution re- 
fers to withdravval from occupied ter- 
ritories, but it does not say "all" such 
territories precisely because the Securi- 
ty Council agreed that 'secure and 
recognized borders" for Israel would 
require some territorial adjustments. 
Can Israel reasonably be expected to 
agree to restoring the May, 1967 Situa- 
tion out of which came its inevitable 
June, 1967 defense of its right to 

Then one needs to explore the mean- 
ing of an "imposed" peace. Imposed 
on whom? Only on Israel? Will the 
peace be imposed on Iraq, which, 
having 20,000 troops on Jordan soil 
actively engaged in violating the UN 
ceasefire, announced Jan. 15 that it 
rejec'ted the Security Council Resolu- 
tion of Nov. 22, 1967? Will peace be 
imposed on Syria, which also rejects 
that resolution and refused even to 
receive UN Ainbassador Gunnar F. 
Jarring, charged with helping bring 
the contestants together in iniplement- 
ing the Resolution? The Syrian press 
of all shades of opinion rejects the 
Soviet note (A^. Y. Times, Jan. 14) be- 
cause that note seems to recognize 
"secure borders" for Israel, wjhich 
Syria fmds intolerable. 

And will the peace be imposed on 
the Arab terrorist organizations, in- 
cluding AI Fatah, which Jan. 11 in 
Cairo broadcast to the Arab world its 
nine-point manifeste of "Fatah Funda- 
mentals," of which point 1 is: "Armed 
struggle is the only way toward the 
liberation of our Palestine and the 
liquidaliori oj the /Jonist State oj 
Israel"' (emphasis added)? 

The fiill text of the Security Coun- 
cil resolution is still the only road to 
peace. Any and all initiative to carry 
out its füll intent is welcome. If the 
unpublished Soviet note is a step in 
this direction, or can, as events un- 
fold, be<'ome such a step, it will have 
been very constructive. For surely 
there can be no peace in which the 
USSR does not have some influence. 

In this context the overzealous and 
overreacting Zionist Organization of 
America did not help the cause of 
peace as defined in the resolution of 
^[ov. 22, 1967 by publishing a half- 
page ad in the Ä^. Y. Times Jan. 13 
hranding Israel in a typical Cold War 
fashion as the "only stähle force in 
the Middle East, the barrier to Soviet 
imperialist designs on an area which 
is the gateway to Asia and Africa." 
Many Zionists even were shocked by 
this crude Cold War ploy. The ad did 
not even mention the Nov. 22, 1967 
resolution, which the Israel govern- 
ment has accepted as a basis for ac- 

Meanwhile, the American peace 
movement is still avoiding its respon- 
sibility to the American people by 
failing to develop a campaign to com- 
pel the Nixon administration to sub- 
ordinate U. S. oil imperialist interests 
and Cold War strategy to the need of 
a Stahle peace as envisioned in the 
Nov. 22, 1967 resolution. Of course 
the Middle East issue is more complex 
than, say, Vietnam, but our peace 
movement must deal with all issues 
of peace. Until all branches and 
trends of the peace movement begin 
to study the Middle East Situation and 
understand how it possibly affects the 
peace of the world, the initiative on 
U. S. policy in that region will be 
monopolized by the new State Depart- 
ment and these Jewish groups that are 
misguidedly ready to adopt a Cold 
War Position. Progressive Jews there- 
fore have a special responsibility. 


Jewish Currents 



TT would take a top-notch novelist 
-*- with a genius for suspense and ten- 
sion to do justice to the Hemispheric 
Conference to End the War in Viet- 
nam, held in the beautiful city of Mont- 
real Nov. 28-Dec. 1. It was colorful, 
intense, unpredictable, tottering on 
the brink of failure in its early hours 
and emerging finally to a victorious 
and united expression of solidarity 
with the embattled people of Vietnam 
and of condemnation of American 
coh)niaIist policies in iniliating and 
continuing the war. 

Visualize 1,800 delegates and ob- 
servers: among them 895 from the 
l nited States, 395 from the province 
of Quebec and another 270 from the 
rest of Canada ( Canadian peace lead- 
ers and organizations initiated the 
Conference), and 58 from over 14 
Latin American countries. That was 

Visualize an overwhelming majority 
of young people plus a substantial 
representation of older groups from 
every sector of the peace movement, 
representing the varied ideological 
crosscurrents coursing through the 
radical and progressive movements of 
the hemisphere. That was Montreal. 

There was a delegation of five from 
the Democratic Republic of Vietnam 
(North Vietnam) led by its Minister 
of Culture, Hoang Minh Giam, and a 
delegation of two from the National 
Liberation Front of South Vietnam. 

There was a large contingent of 
militant blacks surging forward to 
assure a Conference that will see and 
condemn the imperialist motives and 

racism of the American establishment 
as responsible for both the war in 
Vietnam and the oppression of the 
black people in the United States. 

There was representation from a 
number of progressive Jewish organ- 
izations, but a serious absence of other 
Jewish organizations and leaders who 
have taken forthright Stands against 
the Vietnam war. One Mexican Jewish 
Organization was represented, accord- 
ing to the list issued by the organiz- 
ing committee, but efforts to locate 
its delegate failed. Of course, there 
was a large number of Jewish dele- 
gates and observers who represented 
general peace, youth, women's and 
Student organizations. 

Rppresentativps of the Jewish Cul- 

tural Clubs and Societies of New^ York 
and Los Angeles, of the Emma Lazarus 
Eederation of Jewish Women's Clubs 
from New York, Chicago and Los 
Angeles and of the L^nited Jewish Peo- 
ple's Order of Canada held a "caucus" 
meeting (every grouping of delegates 
had a "caucus" at this Conference) 
on Friday evening at the UJPO cen- 
ter in Montreal. After they exchanged 
experiences on peace activities an 
"Appeal to the Jewish People of North 
and South America" was adopted 
"ur<2;ino: all Jewish organizations and 
individuals to speak out for an end to 
the immoral war in Vietnam. . . . There 
can be no security for Jews anywhere 
until peace is established evervwhere 
and the first step towards world peace 
is to stop the war in Vietnam." 

The Statement' also declared: "As 

February, 1969 

Jews we have a special interest in 
seeing ihis war ended immediately 
not only hecause our people suflered 
untold tra<iedv during World War II 
at the hand of the Nazis but because 
we yearn for the day vvhen a stable 
peace will be established in the Mid- 
dle East, a peace based on the U.N. 
resolution of Nov. 22, 1967." 

At the first session on Friday, held 
in the hiige St. James United Church 
(Protestant) in downtown Montreal, 
the Conference opened smoothly 
enough. The other two days' sessions 
were held at the Externat Classique de 
Longueuil, a Roman Catholic junior 
College. One of the first Speakers was 
Rabbi Abraham L. Feinberg of the 
Hol) Blossoin Temple, Toronto, author 
of Hanoi Dlary, just published in 
Canada (and guest Speaker at the Jew- 
ISH Cur^KExNTS dinner May 28, 1967). 

Rabbi Feinberg, one of the Spon- 
sors of the Conference, stated that 
"Peace will come only on the basis 
of the Geneva Agreement" and called 
for withdrawal of all foreign troops 
and a government chosen by the dem- 
ocratic process. He was warndy ap- 
plauded when he said, "I am sure the 
National Liberation Front will win." 

At this point the five delegates from 
North Vietnam entered, setting off a 
tumultuous and prolonged ovation, 
while Rabbi Feinberg and others on 
the platform embraced the Vietnam- 
ese. This entrance and that of the 
delegates from the National Liberation 
Front of South Vietnam the following 
day were two of the high moments of 
the Conference. Most significant, how- 
ever, was the fact that the North and 
South Vietnamese delegations played 
a vital role in subduing those who 
strained to maneuver the adoption of 
policies which would have narrowed, 
disunited or even split the Conference. 

We refer here to what we may call 
the "maximalist" demands on the part 

of many elements from the Radical 
(Students for a Democratic Society, 
etc.), Black, Anti-Imperialist (Mao- 
ist) and Quebec (Separatist) Caucuses 
that the Conference not be limited to 
the demand for an end to the war in 
VietTiam, for which it had been called, 
but deal with "American imperialism" 
and all its victims in the Western 
Hemisphere (Latin America, Quebec, 
racism in the United States). 

This effort was dramatized Friday 
afternoon when the Radical and Black 
Caucuses demanded that the organiz- 
ing committee be enlarged to take in 
representatives from the caucuses, 
that a number of Workshops (panels) 
be added to those already planned. 
Workshops they averred that would 
bear more "relevance" to the libera- 
tion struggles throughout the world. 
to the "revolutionary" and "anti-im- 
perialist" needs of the day. They de- 
manded that the Conference deal with 
"concrete support" of draft resistance 
and anti-war G.I.'s. and made several 
recommendations. Most of these were 
accepted by the organizing committee, 
after the Radical and Black Caucuses 
demonstrated what is meant by "con- 
frontation" tactics by seizure of the 
microphone and platform later in the 

It was apparent that the majority 

of the Conference delegates, the Latin 
American caucus (called the Third 
World Caucus), and, as we later 
learned, the Vietnamese delegations — 
all opposed departure from the orig- 
inal goal and theme of the Conference, 
and this Opposition to fragmentation 
and maximalism probably saved the 
Conference by preserving its unity on 
the one issue all were agreed upon — 
ending the war in Vietnam. 

The Black Panther Party delegation 
played a key role in the Black Caucus. 
Early in the Conference a Black Pan- 

Jewish Currents 


AMONG the many woinen who canie to the Conference, there was a 
delegalion of six from the Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish 
Women's Clubs. Headed by Mrs. Mollie Goldstein, a Federation vice- 
president, the delegation consisted of Mrs. Helen Epstein of the National 
Board, Mrs. Gertrude Decker of Brooklyn, Mrs. Blanche Spindel of 
Los Angeles and Mrs. Dorothy Scheinberg and Mrs. Anne Sloan of 
Chicago. Mrs. Goldstein reported that, on the initiative of the Women's 
International League for Peace and Freedom, a women's luncheon 
meeiing was held Sunday, Dec. 1, 1968, with representation from 
all the delegations, including Women Strike for Peace, one of the 
Sponsors of the Conference. A very eloquent appeal for unity of women 
to end the war in Vietnam was niade by Martha Tamayo, President of 
the National Union of Women of Mexico City. Mrs. Tamayo and Ruth 
Gage-Colby were designated by the women at the luncheon to convey 
a special message of solidarity to the heroic women of Vietnam at the 
Conference plenary Session later in the day. 

Mrs. Goldstein also reported that some Canadian women have 
<level()ped a project, with Mrs. Sheila Young of Vancouver in charge, 
of preparing knitted and sewed children's garments for the afflicted 
children of Vietnam. The garments have to be in dark colors as pro- 
tection against bombardment. 

iher spokesman stirred things up by 
accusing the organizing committee of 
"reneging" on a promise to send a 
sum of money to cover air fare from 
California to the Conference for Bobby 
Scale, c'hairman of the Black Panthers, 
and his bodyguards. The committee 
deiiied it promised to send the money 
but agreed to try to raise the sum at 
the Conference itself. A collection was 
made and the committee agreed to 
supply the difference needed. Bobby 
Scale arrived at the Conference the 
following day. We cite this incident 
not only because it illustrates the 
charged-up atmosphere but to make 
another point as well: 

Many of the delegates feared that 
the demands of the Radical and Black 
Caucuses, the heat and even insulting 
behavior of the Black Panther spokes- 
man demanding fare for Bobby Scale, 
and the stresses and strains caused by 
the few but loud extremist delegates 

would make it impossible to go on 
with the Conference. But in the emer- 
gency sessions of the Conference lead- 
ership, held after the hectic Friday 
sessions, Bobby Scale opted to put the 
quietus on some of his own Black 
Panthers as well as Radical Caucus 
members in order to preserve unity 
and keep the Conference from digres- 
sing from its stated goal of ending the 
war in Vietnam. 

There was no end to resolutions 
offered in mimeographed form to the 
delegates by assorted Maoist groups, 
other "super-leftists" — if we may be 
permitted the coinage of a word — and 
others. There was even one handed out 
under the signature of the Ad Hoc 
Committee on the Middle East, c/o 
Rita Freed, Secretary, New York City, 
which in its title calls for "Support 
the Arab Liberation Struggle" and 
ignores entirely the U.N. resolution of 
Nov. 22, 1967, probably the only basis 

Februäry, 1969^ 

on which the rights of both the Arab 
countries and Israel can be achieved 
and peace secured in the Middle East. 

The Conference adopted unani- 
mously resolutions which inherently 
expressed the overwhelming demon- 
stration of solidarity at Montreal with 
the people of Vietnam fighting for their 
freedom and independence and with 
all the oppressed groups fighting 
"Racism as a Threat to World Peace," 
which is the title of the resolution 
adopted on racism. 

The main resolution sternly con- 
demned "the criminal war the U.S. 
government has been carrying out . . ." 
and "wholeheartedly . . . support(s) 
the heroic Vietnamese people's strug- 
gle for their fundamental national 
rights. ... In face of the present Situ- 
ation the Conference calls on people 
in the Western Hemisphere and those 
in the United States to mobilize all 
forces for the struggle for a total end 
to the U.S. war in Vietnam." 

The resolution concludes with: 
"The best way of the oppressed people 
to Support the Vietnamese people is to 
fight imperialism in all its forms ac- 
cording to their own conditions." 

The two resolutions were hammered 
out in the white heat of all night dis- 
cussions by the enlarged Conference 
committee — and were adopted unani- 
mously at the plenary session. 

Many exciting and memorable 
things happened at the Conference, not 
the least of which was the Präsenta- 
tion of over 20 draft cards by delegates 
to the Vietnamese delegates and the 
subsequent burning of these cards 
on the platform, and the speeches by 
the two Vietnamese delegations. 

Despite all difficulties, or rather be- 
cause it overcame the difficulties, the 
Hemispheric Conference emerged as 
the greatest Single manifestation of 
solidarity in the Western Hemisphere 
with the fighting people of Vietnam 


ATA Brooklyn hearing by the 
-^^ Board of Education on its 
school decentralization plan Jan. 3, 
the serious debate was marred by 
an anti-Semitic attack on Jewish 
teachers made by William O. Mar- 
ley, chairman of the Brownsville 
Model Cities Committee, 1251 East 
New York Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
11212. JNone of the 81 Speakers at 
the hearing scored the public dis- 
play of anti-Semitism. The three 
members of the Board at the hear- 
ing at the time, John M. Doar, Pres- 
ident, Hector Vazquez and Dr. 
Aaron Brown, also maintained 

A A^. y. Post editorial Jan. 4, 
"Poisoning a Debate," remarked 
that "it is inconceivable, however, 
that such outbursts can be met with 
continuing silence from responsible 
Citizens." It should be noted that 
Mr. Marley's position is derived 
from the Hatchett view (see p. 34). 

and, as far as we know, in the entire 
World. After the descent on the first 
day to the Valley of doubt whether 
the Conference would even make it, 
the ascent to the mountain peak of 
enthusiasm and unity on the issue of 
ending the war in Vietnam brought 
US even higher than we thought pos- 
sible. The spirit and determination of 
the Montreal Conference to pull a füll 
load in the fight for peace must be 
transmitted to the millions of Amer- 
icans and of the peoples in this Hemi- 
sphere to the point where the United 
States government stops playing 
around in the Paris negotiations, re- 
moves its troops from Vietnam and 
permits the people of Vietnam to 
choose their own government in com- 
plete independence and security. 


Jewish Currents 

The Sins of the Fathers 

Blunt words oii the challenge 
of the Negro questioii 


Du. Leon Eisknbkkg is chiej of psychiulry at Massachusells Genrral 
Hospital, Boston, and professor of psychialry at Harvard Medical 
SchooL He delivered this address, which tve print ivith minor omissioiis, 
June 4, 1968 at the 55th Anniial Meeting of the Massachusetts Associa- 
tion jor Mental Health, at Hoston Science Museum, 

TP HE TEXT of tonight's sermon, for 
■*- it is unashainedly that, is taken 
from Exodus, Chapter 20, verse 5 in 
which a jealous God wams the Israel- 
ites that the iniquities of the fathers 
will be visited upon the children unto 
the third and fourth generation. When 
first as a child I read that passage, I 
was perplexed and disturbed. How 
could a just God let loose upon inno- 
cent children the wrath aroused by 
the misdeeds of parents? Surely, it 
would not be so. It was but a threat a 
loving God would not exact. Coni- 
forted, I turned to other things. 

I did not know, then, what I was to 
learn later. The Hebrew scribes were 
attributing to the will of God a savage 
fact of life itself. What one generation 
does — or fails to do — plagues its chil- 
dren. The adults those children be- 
come are adults warped by the child- 
hood experience afforded them. They 
do as they were done to. The tragedy 
is all too often reenacted for more 
ihan the third and fourth generation 
promised by a vengeful Lord. 


Hence steins ihe urgency of ni) nies- 
to you this evening. It is not 
alone that we owe it to ourselves to 
create a just society in our time. We 
owe it to our children and to our 
children 's children. The urgency upon 
US is greatest on behalf of those who 
even now are growing into persons 
less than they might have been — for 
want of food, for want of health, for 
want of dignity, for want of our 
love. . . . 

If I leave you undisturbed, I shall 
have failed. If I suggest final answers, 
I shall have failed abjectly. My intent 
is to challenge you. to trouble you as 
all of US should be troubied, troubled 
enough to look beyond ourselves and 
to join in a Crusade to restore meaning 
— personal and social meaning — to our 
lives. Not by Consulting psychiatrists, 
but by acting. In the beginning was 
the deed, not the word. 

A good place for a psychiatrist to 

begin is with the faniily. The family 
transmits to its children the values of 

February, 1069 

liie ((jiniiiunil) of wliicli il is a pari. 
. . . What do we lind vvhen we luok al 
the modal middle-class American fam- 
ily, the ver\ model of what our society 
maintaiiis as its ideal? We find a 
mass produeed successiuii of reniark- 
ably similar replicates of one another: 
centered oii personal achievement, pre- 
occupied with financial security and 
material comfort, judging others by 
how closely they resemble themselves. 
Not all families, surely, but too many, 
loo damn man\ . And that is the crisis. 
This sameness. this banality, this 
searching oul the lint in our own 
navels, this trying to produce children 
just like US (though fortunately not 
aiways succeeding) is what threatens 
US all. For we, mind you, you and I, 
go about our business, weed our 
lawns, take our pleasures — as if the 
fires in Vietnam and in the ghettos 
were nightmares not of our own 
dreaming. . . . 

Television brings the maimed, the 
blinded and the unrisen dead into 
every house. But the electronic magic 
dehumanizes as it reproduces; for we 
look even as we eat; we watch and 
yet we sleep; we stare but we do not 
see. If the first two revolutions in our 
consciousness took seed in scientific 
grounds, the decisive one must be 
political. We must be its vanguard if 
we are to become fully human. 

The facts are stubborn and will not 
be denied. Many Americans were in- 
censed when the Commission on Civil 
Disorders labelled this, our society, 
racist. Americans deny conscious 
racial bias. But to the victim, it mat- 
ters little whether bis martyrdom is 
consequent upon intention or mere in- 
difference. The pain is just as real. The 
label may have been ill-chosen if it 
suggests a need for Psychiatric treat- 
ment rather than for social action. It 
remains bitterly true, whoever willed it, 
or whether not willed at all. that blacks 

liave a lue span eighl years shorter, 
that black children do progressiveiy 
worse in school, that black men and 
women are twice as likely to be un- 
employed and have less well paid Jobs 
when they have them af all, that black 
families cannol get decenl housing, all 
this in the America that we have made 
or that we permit: either way, our 
America, for we can change it, if we 
but will. Then, argue not about 
whether our consciousness is racist; 
if it is not, our unconsciousness has 

The black problem is the tauch- 

stone of our values and our identity 
just as the Jewish problem was in the 
'30s and '40s. The black crisis is a 
white crisis. If we are to become fully 
human, if we are to give meaning to 
our children's lives, we must do so by 
involvement with humanit), black as 
well as white. 

Let US place the issues in perspec- 
tive. Each society creates customs 
and values in keeping with its institu- 
tional structure. Those customs and 
values are by their very nature con- 
servative; that is, the perpetuate in 
subsequent generations patterns of be- 
havior and modes of thought that 
were appropriate for their predeces- 
sors. When social change is slow, as it 
has been through most of history, 
adaption is possible by the gradual 
elimination of what doesn't work any 
longer and the Substitution of new 
forms that do not challenge the basic 
institutions. Typically, the conscious 
appreciation of change lags behind 
events that Force it. The "old days" 
have a nostalgic appeal and the "old 
values" are lauded in public even 
while they are violated in private. 

This slow process of accommodation 
simply cannot suffice when the very 
foundations of society undergo radical 
transformation. not in a lifetime, but 


Jewish Currents 

"The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King 
]r,'^ a bust by Mrs. Erna Weill, of 
Teaneck, N. /., presented by the 
National Council of Jewish Women 
to the N, Y. Public Library Schomburg 
Collection of Negro Literature and 
History, 103 W. 13S St., A^. 7. C. 

in less than a generation. We conlinue 
to venerate old values that cannot be 
sustained without translation into the 
needs of a new age. Hence Springs the 
dissalisfaction of students with a mode 
of university life that satisfied us and 
the dismay of the elderly who find 
themselves no longer wanted in a 
World where only the young are suffi- 
ciently inventive. . . . 

The young and the old form large 
proportions of a rapidly growing pop- 
ulation whose very densit:\^ tends to- 
vvard personal anonymity. Increased 
educational demands postpone the as- 
sumption of adult roles to later years, 
divorcing the adolescent from active 
determination of a world he must 
perforce live in — at the very same 
liine that maturity is acrelerated hy 

general improvement in living Stand- 
ards. Whereas only one in six women 
was in the labor force at the century's 
turn, the ratio now exceeds one in 
three. Increasing productivity of the 
individual worker and the computeri- 
zation of decision-making reduces the 
Utility of unskilled labor and renders 
uneniployable segments of the popula- 
tion who have not been effectively 
socialized by the educational system. 

These social changes have been ac- 

companied by equally significant 
changes in our ideas. The gains in our 
Standard of living have been exceeded 
only by the rising tide of expectalions. 
What seemed luxury once is necessity 
now. It comforts not the poor to have 
TV; the tube shows them what they 
do not have. Going to College may 
have seemed an almost unattainable 
dream to our parents; the undergrad- 
uate today insists that his education 
have meaning in terms other than 
more creature comforts and is not 
content with swallowing goldfish for 
kicks. Remember how many of us 
were? The very freedom we have at- 
tained means that we must make 
choices. When the future seemed fixed 
and firm, we may have been restive 
but we took our appointed place. If 
we now have the means to choose, by 
what Standards shall we do so? . . . 
Well, then, shall we shut off the 
TV, pack up the kids, and drive back 
to the farm? We can't — and we 
shouldn't. The farm is mechanized and 
doesn't need our labor; television is 
ubiquitous and mother isn't about to 
retum to kitchen, church and children; 
she'll divorce us first. We've got to 
begin where it's at. It isn't the set; 
it's the program on it. It isn't the 
schoolhouse; it's the curriculum. It 
isn't that relatives are far away; it's 
our failure to make family out of 
friends — or perhaps to have friends at 

Kkijkiak^, WH)^) 


all. liuleed ihe faiiiiU of yesteryear in 
ihat rural Community of yore, for all 
its vaunted virtues, did not do so well 
by its children as we are able to do 
lodav. True. it raised its ovvn food, 
clothed itself. nursed its sick, taught 
itself. But fewer of its children sur- 
vived lo maturity. niore were stunted, 
inanv were illiterate. only a precious 
handful went on to become the poets 
and the presidents we remeniber. 
There were indeed positive values in 
that frontier family. values we would 
do well to cultivate, but not at the 
price for which they were purchased. 
If the extended family has declined. 
let US not forget that this has been 
accompanied by gains in freedom for 
the individuah'a healthier, better edu- 
cated. more differentiated human be- 
ing. If those blessings are not yet uni- 
versally distributed. it is not for lack 
of means but for lack of will. 

Even the hlack family of 1968 is 

better off than its counterpart of l^;^^- 
What has deteriorated is its position 
vis-ä-vis the white. To cite a single 
statistic, though hlack and white in- 
fant niortality are hoth lower. the black 
excess was 70 per cent in 1940, and 
90 per cent in 1962! Indeed, it has 
been our smug satisfaction with the 
increase in average income since the 
depression that has served to blind us 
to the simultaneously widening gap be- 
tween rieh and poor. Our nation, which 
two decades ago could pride itself on 
its infant mortality statistics, has now 
fallen well behind other developed 
nations, precisely because of the high 
rates among our poor. 

I should not by now have to teil you 
what it means to be black in America, 
but the Story must need retelling. for 
surely you cannot know. Otherwise, 
I should have to believe you want it 
so, and that I find too painful to coun- 
tenance. Perhaps you should not lis- 


ten; once you have heard, you will not 
be forgiven because you know not 
what you do. 

To he conceived black means that 

vou are at risk while still inside the 
womb meant to shelter and protect 
you. Yes. racism takes its toll early, 
via class-related malnutrition and poor 
prenatal care. Black fetuses are aborted 
or born dead more often. More are 
thrust forth prematurely at higher risk 
of damage to the delicate mechanisms 
of the brain. Once born, malnutrition, 
infection. and inadequate health care 
exact their price in stunting of ulti- 
mate stature and in mal-development of 
the central nervous system. 

Before you know you are black, 
you will have experienced what it is 
to be black. But you learn the mean- 
of blackness soon enough in the 
crowded slum where you try to grow. 
In Chicago, you are two and a half 
times more likely to live in dilapidated 
housing Units, three times more likely 
to be grossly overcrowded, than 
whites who pay the same rent. Since 
>our parents have had less education, 
your home has fewer books, your com- 
inunity fewer educational opportu- 
nities. and your parents less know-how^ 
in preparing you for school, your de- 
velopment quotient, which at a year 
(if you were lucky enough to be born 
at füll birth weight) was indistinguish- 
able from that of your white brother, 
will have fallen well behind by the 
time you are three, and still further 
behind when you start bravely off to 
school at five. 

You indeed know many things that 
he does not. You will be more self- 
suflficient. more responsible at home, 
better able to run the heavily trafficked 
streets, to care for younger brother 
and sister. lo sense danger, for danger 
has been your companion. But school 
isn't interested in such as that. It will 


frown al \our at\ piral vocabularN 
and graininar. your restlessness and 
your unreadiness for formal learning. 
Your teacher will ^reet > ou wearily. 
demand conforniity and expect littk« 
of you as a scholar. And her expecta- 
tions will become pari of yours and 
you will do less well hecause she ex- 

pects you to. 

The school you attend will be older. 
more crowded, inore likely to be on 
shifts, have fewer books and fewer 
certified teachers and, with the ex- 
ception of the faculty. be inostly black. 
It should not surprise you that when 
you reach the sixth grade you will be 
two grades behind public school 
nornis in reading, and by ninth grade 
three or niore behind. By then, you 
will have learned quite indelibly what 
school seenis out to teach you ; nainely. 
that you cannot play the academic 
game successfully, and that what is 
good about you isn't wanted there. 
And so you won't make it to the 
universit7, you will drop out or per- 
haps bide your tinie in "core" class- 
rooms, the choice resting with how 
soon you want to join the jobless. As 
you leave, your school inakes soft 
sounds of regret and self-righteously 
concludes that you are the failure it 
predicted — never considering that its 
prediction helped to ensure that fail- 
ure — never considering that it has 
failed you rather than you it. 

Can you he fully a man if you 

cannot support your wonian and your 
children too soon to come? If you 
live at home with them, they can't get 
on the dole. So you float in and out. 
hoping to dodge the welfare investi- 
gator. And your woman? She'll go to 
work when she can, caring for some 
white woman's children and keeping 
her house. And your children? She'll 
inake such arrangements for them as 
she can, hardl) a nursery school. she 

can't allord that. but with some enter- 
prising neighbor who charges her less. 
And your children will be trained to 
succed you on the long day's journey 
into night. 

At least, that is what life—if we can 
dignify it as life— has been for all too 
niany blacks until now. What has been 
so psychologically destructive has been 
the context in which these experiences 
have occurred: the sense of powerless- 
ness against inexorable fate. the de- 
pression and apathy. ihc final convic- 
tion of worthlessness. Adversity can 
Steel the soul. if the soul is buoyed b\ 
ideologv. If you can come to under- 
stand tliat is racism that is rotten, that 
black is no less beautiful than white, 
that a resistance to oppression is the 
beginning of freedom. then the same 
experiences that unfought. degrade the 
seif, fought, ennoble it. create hope 
and begin the resurrection. That, as I 
see it, is the power of Black Power. 
The very battle against injustice is 
the beginning of the making of the 


The new ideology is hardly crystal- 
lized. its Starts are often false, but 
it will overcome. It has begun to rev- 
olutionize the consciousness of the 
black masses. To be sure, its leaders 
sound with unclear trumpets. They 
know less what they are for than what 
they are against. Their programs for 
action stress the acquisition of power 
and say too little about the uses of 
power once it is achieved. At times, 
they mistake denigration of white for 
betterment of black. Some seek power 
for personal gain by manipulating 
their partisans. But when have we 
been free of such deniagogues? If we 
can now acknowledgc thal black is 
not evil, let us not pretend thal it is 

We cannot demand of blacks what 
is not true of whites. They musl have 
{Conti mied on page M) 

Im:iu{Ii\kv, MK>'>> 


I s rael 

The Israel Peace Committee continues to press ihe World 

Peace Coumil. wilh vvhich it is affiliated, to summon a public meeting 
in vvhich both sides of the Arab-Israel crisis wouid be represented and 
which would discuss a peaceful Solution to the crisis. In a memorandum 
issued in Nov., 1968, the Israel group pointed out the one-sided and 
even distorled character of the resolution of the Arab-Israel question 
issued by the Presidium of the World Peace Council at Nicosia last 
June: the Israel side was not even represented in the deliberations; 
oni\ Israeli withdrawal from Arab territories is mentioned in the reso- 
lution and the other provisions of the UN Security Council Resolution 
of Nov. 22, 1967 are absent; support of Arab terrorists is implied in 
ihe resolution; there is total approval of the Arab side and total con- 
denuiation of the Israel side; and there is no perspective in the WPC 
approach for a peaceful Solution. 

The Israeli Cahinel early Der. rejected a previously approved 

decision to allow establishment of Israel industrial plants in the occu- 
|)ied territories, a position supported by Moshe Dayan. This step toward 
economic integration of the Arab lands would have been, as Labor 
Party Secretary-General Pinhas Sapir said. "creeping annexation." 
The decision indicates a cabinet majority in favor of keeping open 
opl'ions on a territorial settlement vvith the Arabs. . . . Ten Israeli 
Settlements have been established on the Strategie Golan Heights won 
from Syria and it is planned to set up 25 with a farm popuIation of 
lO.üOO lo 13.()()() there. . . . Pinhas Lavon. former defense minister 
ousted by Ben-(iurion in connection with the security scandal a few 
years ago and nou of no party. proposed unilateral withdrawal to 
secure borders Dec. 10 as a way out of the present impasse. . . . Re- 
strict'ions on truck Iravel over the Jordan River imposed after the 
Nov. 22 terrorist bonibing in Jerusalem are gradually being lifted. 
Trucks with citrus products and industrial products are now permitted 
to cross the bridge. 

Two daily Arahic newspapers were stnried in Jerusalem at the 

end of Oct. One. AI Anbn, is published by the Jerusalem Post and edited 
by a Jevv and the other. Kl-Kuds, is edited by the same Arab who ran 
the paper before the June War. While El Kuds does not disguise its 
Opposition to the oc('upation, it adapts itself to the existing Situation. 
For instance, the paper condemned the bombing explosions: it walks 
a tightrope between criticism of the occupation and approval of the 
guerilla war. 

J l 

Jewisii Curuents 

The Mapam Party national Conference in JSov. approved 

the merged Labor Party by a vote of 433 to 239, with four abstentions 
by Arab delegates. Mapam favors returning the West Bank to Jordan, 
withdrawal Ironi Sinai and annexation of the Oolan Heighls and 

Gaza by Israel. 

The Israel Communist Party (Mihunis-Sneh) Cht. W-i\oi\ 2 

held its 16th Convention, re-elecled its entire Central Comniittee and 
added several new leaders. Greetings froni an Arab labor actiyist in 
Ramie were received enthusiastically. By a vote of 159-34, with 12 
abstentions, the Convention defeated a resolution to criticize the Israel 
raid into Egyptian territory thal foHowed Egypt's attack on Israel 

forces in the Suez area. 

News briefs . . . Israelis first heart transplani ivas performed 

at the Beilinson Hospital in Tel Aviv Dec. 6 but the palient died Dec. 
19. The Operation aroused controversy: the Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi 
Iser Untermann opposed the practice while the Sephardi Chief Rabbi 
Itzhak Nissim approved it "as long as clinical death [of the donor] is 
assured." . . . The largest bus terminal in the world is being built in 
Tel Aviv at a cost of $17,000,000 and will be finished in 1971. There 
are no street cars or subways in Israel and there is heavy conimuter 
travel, hence the importance of the bus. . . . The French arnis enibargo 
on Israel since the June War has forced Israel to expand armaments 
production. The more than 20 arms factories now employ 40 per cent 
more personnel than before the war and produce all spare parts for 
military vehicles except engines. . . . A chair at the Weizmann Institute 
on the peacefui uses of atoinic energy was created and nanied after 
United Auto Workers' Pres. Walter P. Reuther. who was present at 
the inaugurating ceremonies Dec. I. First holder of the chair is Prof. 
Joel R. Gat, acting head of the Institute's isotope research department. 
. . . A new 28-story structure in Tel Aviv was opened in Nov. to house 
the world's largest diamond center. . . . Archbishop Joseph Raya, con- 
secrated head of IsraeFs Greek Catholic comniunity Nov. 18, ordered 
three weeks later the expurgation from the community's liturgical texts 
of many references offensive to Jews. . . . The 17th 'Taraplegic Olym- 
pics" took place in Israel Nov. 4-13 with the participation of 750 
athletes from 28 countries. U.S. won the most gold medals, Britain 
was second, Israel third. 

The Fourth Jerusalem International Book Fair will take place 

March 19-27, 1969 in Jerusalenfs Convention Center. ... In its 51st 
year the Habimah Theater Company has decided to abandon its co- 
operative structure because of a decline in finances. Whereas all ad- 
ministration was previously under decision by the entire Company, the 
theater will now be managed by a director empowered to make decisions 
on plays to be produced and casting. L. H, 

February, 1969 


The Black Prophet 


Translnlion from the Yiddish 
hy Tania Brook Klein 

Kor Marlin Lullin King 


A soni; of (leej) distress and soirovv 


America you are anaiheina lor llie l)laei< man 


The name Martin Luther King 


The World with faith in Man 


Be his niemory everywhere 

The shot 

That silenced his voice 


Mountain and Valley 


The eclio reverberate in the air 


Anguish flare into anger 

The shofar 

Hörn of the Liberator 

Shall sound 

And perpetuate Martin Luther King 


A song of praise and pain 



IsAAc Elchanan Ronch is a Yiddish poe(, essayist, novelist and Jour- 
nalist who has published 17 volumes, mostly of poetry. Born in 1899, 
he came to the USA in 1913; he lives in Los Angeles, The present 
work has been set to music as a Cantata by Waldemar Hille, composer 
of the music to The World of Sholem Aleichem and many other works. 
The music to the Ronch-Hille Cantata can be sung in Yiddish or Eng- 
lish, Mr. Ronch last appeared in our pages in July, 1967. 

Jewisii Currents 

Your clenching, fighting 


THE WHITE assassin did not halt 
The niarch of Martin Luther King 
The bullet that pierced his throat 
Did not silence the voice of the Prophet 
And the Earth did not take his heart. 

The angr> fist of Martin Luther King 
Knocks on the doors oC the vvorld 
His words thunder from mountaintops 
He demands; he storms; he prophesies: 
I saw a dream come true . . . 
Hands clasped in Brotherhood. 
Children, black. white, Christian, Jew 
Radiating love from Tennessee and Alabama. 

The Jew in me mourns for Martin Luther King; 

Mourns that, in the Jungles of the South, 

His people are going through the Heils 

That my people endured in Maidanek and Auschuil/ 

Known to me are walls of ghettos 

As they are to my sufi'ering black brothers. 

Teaching of the Bible Prophets stirrecl 

In the red blood of Black Martin Luther Kmg 

And pointed the way. 

The Jew in me laments his death 

As of a hero fallen in the Warsaw Ghetto 

May my anguished outcry 
Not let forget— not let forgive. 

No, the assassin could not stop 
The march of Martin Luther King 
Arm in arm with black and white 
The Black Prophet walks in front; 
He leads the march toward his vision 
Toward the promise of freedom and plenty 
To the mountain ablaze with his dreanis 
To the sun that shines on all alike. 

The tone of triumph and of joy 

Resounds in the voice of Martin Euther King. 

FKr.uuARY, 1969 


"Piiii tnr * :a 

# T)ia^ 

IminenseK instru( tive is the special issue, "The Crisis in Education and 
Hie Chan^inji Afro-American Community." put out by Freedomways, 
A Ouarterl) Review of the Kreedom Movement < Fall. 1968. 128 pages. 
$1.50 per copy, $3.50 per year). White people need to listen atten- 
li\ely to ihese black voices. Whether or not we agree with everythin«!; 
uritten in ihese 18 articles. we can find indispensable information, a 
new aniile of vision that can no longer be ignored or discounted, and 
inan\ challenging concepts and proposals. Space limitations, however. 
restrict my survey only to the following. 

In "'Blame the Net»ro Child!" Prof. Doxev A. Wilkerson (Yeshiva 
I niversity) has a quietl) scathing expose of the rationalizations of 
those teachers (not all) who. whatever their ''good intentions," "blame 
the Negro child" for the inability of white teachers to teach him. With 
a telling selection of evidence. including some from Israel, he indicts 
as essentially flawed even those schools that have programs of ''con- 
pensatory education" based on what he calls the bankrupt* hypothesis 
of "cultural deprivation." 

Prof. Alvin F. Poussaint (Tufts Medical School) describes the 
eflfect of the inass media and the schools in implanting in black chil- 
dren a sense of black inferiority and white supremacy. "Since integra- 
t'on is only a one-way street that Nej^roes travel to a white institution, 
then an implied inferiority of the black man is inherent in the Situa- 
tion, because it is he who must seek out whites to better bis position." 
Hence the impetus to black-controUed schooling. 

In "p]ducation in the Black Conmmnity: An Examination of the 
lualities," Prof. Charles V. Hamilton (Roosevelt University) objects 
lo black child ren "being induced to try lo emulate the culture of another 
ethnic or racial group" and proposes "community control" to educate 
for dißerent values from those of white schools: "color-consciousness 
not color-blindness, group cohesion not individualism, respect for Afro- 
American culture not the assumption of white, western cultural super- 

Charles E. Wilson, Unit Administrator of the Intermediate School 
201 Com|)lex. in "Lessons of the 201 Complex in Harlem." is aware 
(»f ''the errors of the local groups" and of "self-seeking Impulses" in 
some local forces, but he focuses on the inain obstacle of the "educa- 
tional bureaucracy." He shows how, under the severely limited scope 
of "decenfralization" in the LS. 201 Complex, "the children and teachers 
of the schools have been part of a growing educational disaster." There- 
fore he proposes "community control" of "budget and budgct processes 


Jewish Currents 

„f ihe process aiul practbc of .•..nsln..ti..n an.l major reuair . . . 
of personnel practices . ! . of . . . purchase of books and supplies . . . 
of the risht to curriculum reform ... cui 

What needs to be done in -'Selectinp Interra.ial Material f..r School 
and Libraries" is indicated l.v the .ontributor I.. thi. issue, 
David Cohen, librarian of Plainview, N. Y.. .hainuan. An.encan Asso- 
ciation of School Librarians- Comn.ittee on Irealn.ent of Miiiorities 
in Library Materials. 




The canacitv of Town Hall's 1.500 seats was stretched by the box 
..fjice sale of 50-the inaximum all..we<l-Stan,ling Itoon. places as 
Ln eager audience overflowed our "Afternoon of Negro and Jewish 
Culture" in memory of the Uev. Dr. Martin Luther Jr. At a time 
of extending Negro-Jewisb tensions in Neu York, our prese.> a 
cultural prolram that stressed the need and^ „f Cooperation 
attracted an audience more conspüuously integrated than any we 
have had, with Negroes coming from Harlan., Bedford-btuyvesant and 

Ucean tlili-Brownsville. 

The high expectations were generally well met by the Performances 

on the program. The youthful charm and vigor of the Hatzaad Hanshon 

^outh Dance Group were immediately apparent and a large part ot 

the audience simply rejoiced in seeing talented A.nerican-borri black 

Jewish youth. The final dance on the theme of Arab-Jewish unity was 

received with enthusiasm. Martha Schlamme was at her best only in 

that part of her program which was integrated with the theme ot the 

afternoon, yet many who were hearing her for the first time fouiid a 

new and striking personality. But the dynamic figure of the afternoon 

was the Negro actor Ossie Davis, who dramati/ed the main theme with 

bis readings of poems by Yuri Suhl, Martin Birnbaum. Faul Laurence 

Dunbar and Langston Hughes, and climaxed the program with an 

utterly engaging account of how his play. Purlie Viclorious, came fron. 

Sholem Aleichem. My own remarks on our magaziiie's view of Negro- 

Jewish relations were greeted by the biggest "offering" we have had! 

We need more such programs — and such audiences. 

diolbjWDßdii. "JhsL Jixsüil' 

December 12 

As we sat in the Sutton Theater we could sense that the muhi-o;enera- 
tion, muhi-national audience around us was being not only gripped 
but moved by this powerful fihn on. what is so rare in Hollywood, 
a socially vital theme. Out of Bernard Malamud's Pulitzer-Prize-win- 
ning novel, Dalton Trumbo has fashioned a dramatic (occasionally 
nielodramatic) screen play that John Frankenheimer has directed with 
füll regard for its social impact. The opening scene of a Tsarist pogrom 
in Kiev by the Cossacks and the Black Hundreds is meniorable visually, 
humanly and socially. The exposure of the ramified official conspiracy 
against Yakov Bok on the charge of "ritual murder" bites and cuts. 

Febrüary, 1969 


Tlu' acid iiuiuor ul" liir ciiaii pivsrnlcd Ij\ llu* Proscculor sliowin«» 
'•Jevvish noses, every one of iheiii a criininal type'' drew keen laughter 
from the audience. Trumho lias heen faithfui lo one of the two main 
lliemrs of tlir l)<n>k and vve see \nIi\ Wak al ihc rnd. jiisl hcfore enterinji 
llic courhooni. <le(lan's. "iherc's rx» such llnn«.», as an unpolilical man.' 
and WC wUl nol forjicl Bok's (iiial woids. **I am an innocent man — 
also Noiir hrother." This is a fdm lo see — and more than once. 

Yel the hook is ricluT. \ako\ Bok's coniplete statement is. *'There*s 
no such thinji as an unpoHtical man. especially a Jeu\' Co-equal in 
ihe book vvilh the theme of political development is the exploration 
by Malanmd of ihe nieaning of jevvish identiy (see cur Feh.. 1967 
issue for m\ article on this suhiect). This vital dimension is virtiiallv 


issii]" in ihc fihn. \et the fihn is a Hollwvood mileslone. 

JAiL flßjuJbsi/L ß/uunirL ßlinJuL (öinnsüc 

December 15 
Despite the epidemic flu. al)out 200 supporters of the Reuben Brainin 
Cluiic in Israel turned oul al the annual Sunday dinner at the Hotel 
Americana. As the guest Speaker, with Simon Federman presiding. I 
gave a preview of the editorial. "Nixon, Dayan and U.S. Middle East 
i^oiicy' that I wrote next da\ for the Jan. issue. If you want to add 
lo the colleclion for the Clinic, your contributions mav he sent lo 1182 
Broadway, Suite 1407, N. Y. 10001. 

Simon. SjchachhA. 18%- 7968 

December 18 
When Thomas Seligman, presiding at the funeral Services for his father- 
in-lavv, Simon Schachler, said brokenly that "His life is his eulogy," 
inany eyes vvere bot amon^r his assembled friends and colleaii^ues in 
the Park West Chapel. All the eulogists, Dr. Herbert Aptheker, Maurice 
Crubin of ihe Metropolitan Club, and Jonathan Lubell, president of 
the N. Y. C. Chapter of the National Lavvyer's Guild, dwelt on Simon's 
iniearitv. his pro:^ressive vvork and socialist vision, his warmth and 
human helpfulness. To his widow Kae, his daughter Lola, his son Tom 

— our enduring condolence 

"ßÄßjtx, £xpAßAA., 1968 


December 21 
When Osip Dymow's Yiddish satire on capitalist values opened in 
Jacob Ben Ami's New Yiddish Theater Dec. 31, 1919 (I was nol there), 
it created a Sensation and within a decade had achieved Performances 
in Germany and Poland in translation. Yet the 1968 Version by Abraham 
Schulman. aespite a compelent and even resourcefui production by 
David Licht at the Folksbiene, seemed stale, probably because the sham 
v\ Madison Ave. has been overexposed. Only in the third act did the 
hirnior seem really pointed, when Jewish assimilation of Madison Ave. 
\ as the taroei. Ferhaps the original text, not updated and therefore 
downgraded, would have had a keener edge ... Yet I am grateful to 
the Folksbiene for the opportunity to see a classic of the Yiddish stage. 


Jewish Currents 

"JhsL dkM&JtjiblsL fildJL of. ÜJdww Ui" 

It was only in tlir last 10 ininutes ol lliis ()r(KliurM»n l»\ llit* Vliniifsola 
TliraltM' CornpaiiN ai the Billy Kose Theater that vve vvere realK aroused 
lo anv ineanin<iful feeling — and that was achieved by atlachin<r Wal- 
lace'sslogan of "law and ordei'' to the Hitler theine. l ntil then we were 
all eyes and ears. trying to keep on top of a nervous presentation that 
combined süperb acting. imaginative Staging and direction. and the 
iise of intermittent films to add the WMVs Nazi dimension to the equat- 
ing of Hitler with a (Chicago gangster leader. No matter how spectacular 
and absorbing the production. the pla> essentially misses fire. If you 
alreadv know what Hitlerisrn was — as an anti-Conimunist. anti-Soviet, 
anti-labor. anti-Seniitic inanipulation by (ierinan nionopolists — you 
are hardly illuminated b\ Brecht's gangsler comparison. And if nou 
don't, you will be sohl short if \ou ihink Hitler was nierely a (Chicago 
niobster. Not knowing the text of the play, or even of (George Tabori's 
translation, I (•annt)t teil wheiher Brecht's ideological content has been 
diluted for American consumption in this production. biit the ideology 
is certainly minimal and uninstructive. Therefore the best parts seem 
the broad comedy scene in which a ham actor teaches Vi how to walk 
and talk. As Frederic Ewen points out in bis invaluable book on 
Brecht. ''Brecht had miscaiculated'' and therefore *'the analog) with 
American gangsterism" is "trivial." 

dmßAican. ^ÜAloAxaii ^AAodatw/L ^Tlsißim^ 

December 28.:U) 
With as many as II simultaneous panels at each session. the o/)rd 
Annual Meeting, which was transferred from Chicago to New York 
as a Protest against Daley's "democracy." offered diflicult choices. 
Significantly, the opening session in the Statler Hilton Grand Ball- 
room, with over 500 attending, was devoted to the centennial of W. E. 
Li. DuBois (1868-1968). with C. Vann Woodward of Yale presiding. 
Elliott Kudnick (Kent State University I pointed out how white sociolo- 
gists had ignored DuBois' major contributions to sociology. Herbert 
Aptheker (American Institute for Marxist Studies ) evaluated DuBois 
as a historian who ''wrote history to change history * and scored bis 
studied neglect by the historical profession, including the AHA; Dr. 
Aptheker was accorded the sustained applause that. in academic circles. 
constitutes an ovation. Vincent Harding (Spelman College I described 
DuBois as a "Negro Nationalist,'' tracing this trend in bis thinking 
up to 1934. In the afternoon, I attended the main panel on "Teaching 
Black Hisory in America: What Are the Problems?" Sunday afternoon 
I went to the main panel on "Americans' Dilemma: Whites and Blacks 
Together," and took the floor briefly to note the struggle against white 
racism in American history. Sunday evening there was a Joint caucus 
of the Socialist Scholars Conference and the Radical Historians' 
Group. Monday afternoon there was a Joint session with the American 
Jewish Historical Society. M. U. S. 

Fkbuuak^ , 1 969 




OK THE many probleins thal coii- 
front socialism in theory and 
practice, nationalisrn has been one of 
the thorniest. The emergence of na- 
lions as a basic consequence of cap- 
ilalisni has brought vvith il the ag- 
grandizing tendencies of the great, 
most developed nations both among 
theinseives and in relation lo smaller 
or less developed nations. Marx and 
Engels analyzed the ensuing problenis 
tentatively and often inconsistently 
and modified their views as unfolding 
events revealed error or confirmation. 
Subsequent socialist theorists and 
labor movenients differed in their 
analysis of nationalisrn and in the ap- 
plication of Marxist principles to the 
question. The niain threads of this 
debate and policies on the issue are 
set forth by Horace B. Davis in bis 
Nationalisrn and Socialism; Marxist 
and Lahor Theories of Nationalisrn to 
1917 (Monthly Review Press, N. Y.. 
1967, 258 pages, $7.50). Davis, a 
Marxist of long standing, has taught 
at several universities, most recently 
at the University of Virginia, and is 
the author of Marxist books and 

Despite the broad scope and com- 
plexity of the subject, Davis has with 
admirable clarity outlined the evolu- 
tion of theories for the period cov- 
ered. One hopes that either Davis or 
someone as well equipped with 
scholarly competence, humane com- 
mitment and intellectual integrity will 
carry the survey down to our own day. 

Almost half the book is occupied 
specifically with the views of Marx 

and Engels on nationalisrn as the) 
were hanimered out on the anvil of 
current events. Their fundamental 
Position on this, as on all issues, was 
that nationalisni niust l)e subordinated 
to ihe international interests of the 
working class. lliey believed not oiily 
that the proletarian revolution would 
orcur in liieir own day, but also thal 
it would break out in the most ad- 
vanced counlries and would be inter- 
national in extent. The füll develop- 
ment of capitalism, they held, was a 
precondition of revolution, and when 
it came, it would relegate national bar- 
riers to minor signifieance. For theni, 
capitalist development of smaller na- 
tions, which would bring the revolu- 
tion closer, had priority over the 
national rights of those nations. 

They held that such development 
would be best furthered by domination 
of the advanced nations over the 
smaller, less developed countries. They 
consequently in some cases advocated 
imperialist expansion as a measure for 
accelerating this growth. For instance, 
they supported the L'nited States in 
its imperialistic war against Mexico in 
1847. They believed that Mexico was 
bound to come under the domination 
of either Britain or the United States, 
and they preferred that the more pro- 
gressive United States perforni this 
function. It is hard for us to believe 
that Engels in bis earlier years ap- 
proved the French conquest of Algeria, 
although he later realized that Algeria 
was not benefited as he thought it 
would be. A matiire anti-imperialist 
theorv had to wait until later decades 


Jewish Currents 

when the pressure o{ history led inex- 
orably to a definitive anti-iinperialist 

Bni Marx and Engels did not hold 

a consistent theory of nations. In their 
later years they began to realize that 
their earlier analyses were niistaken. 
Nevertheless they did not achieve a 
full-blovvn theory before they died. 
They responded inconsistently : some- 
times they supported large nations 
against the small, at others the small 
against the large. but they generali) 
spoke out against oppression of a 
people. They applied their basic ad- 
vocacy of vvorking class international 
revoiution to the iniperialist policies 
of the great Western countries and to 
the involuted nationalily problems of 
the multi-nalional Austro-Hungarian 
and Tsarist empires. Davis points out 
that in 1847, the same year as the U.S. 
assault on Mexico, Engels supported 
Poland's effort to gain independence 
froni Russia vvith the affirmation that 
'"A nation cannot be free and at the 
same time continue to oppress other 

Although Marx and Engels were not 
especially interested in the self-deter- 
rnination of nations and did not de- 
velop any theory on this matter, they 
did Support the struggle for national 
independence when they believed this 
would advance the proletarian revoiu- 
tion. They were ardent in their ad- 
vocacy of Irish independence. And 
Marx strongly supported Romania's 
national aspirations in the 1850's 
while Bjigels differed with him on this 
issue. Thus. on many current strug- 
gles they were not consistent advo- 
cates of small nations but attuned their 
policies to the course they believed 
would most strengthen the working 

Yet, despite many inconsistencies, 
WTites Davis, "the hasic sympathies of 

the struggles of the Roman- 

Marx were never in (juestion, no mat- 
ter how the exigencies of great-power 
polilics may have affected bis judg- 
ment of particular situations. The 
vveak and exploited must be supported 
and encouraged in their resistance — 
this is the niessage that shines out 
from every page of the higly significant 
notes" on 
ian nationalist movement. 

Further, Davis emphasizes the basic 
importance for socialism and its view 
of the national question of Marx's at- 
tack on colonialisni in Capital (Ch. 
31). Writes Davis: "While Marx was 
at fi rst inclined to give capitalism more 
credit than it deserved for developing 
the backward areas of the world, his 
slashing attack on colonialism in the 
first volume of Capital^ fuUy docu- 
mented as it was, plus his well-known 
articles on India, gave such a 


— indeed. unanswerable — condemna 
tion of colonialism on purely humani- 
tarian grounds, that Marxism has ever 
since. and rightly, been considered to 
have opposed the colonial system as 
such." By the last decade of the 19th 
Century the Second International defin- 
iteively condemned colonialism. This 
policy prevailed until the capitulation 
to "patriotism" by nearly all the par- 
ties of the Second International after 
the outbreak of World War I. 

On Üiporptical fjuesiions aboul 

nationalism in the Second Interna- 
tional there was ongoing debate and a 
division into left and right wings. 
Davis succinctly fraces the course of 
this debate among the most impor- 
tant leaders of the German, French and 
other European parties concerning 
the national movements in the Austrian 
and Russian empires, especially those 
of Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Kautsky, 
Otto Bauer and Lenin. One chapter is 
devoted to the policies in the United 
States of the American Federation of 

February, 1969 


Lahor, [\\v I.W.W, and the Socialist 
Part). Davis brin<>s out that these 
niovemenls expressed ''a deep-seated 
Opposition to imperialism" despite the 
decline of the anti-iniperialisin of sonie 
AKL leaders. especialK Gonipers. 
after 1900. As a whole. hovvever. the 
sociahsl and lahor niovenients of this 
country up to J917. says Davis, ex- 
hihited a "forthri<>ht anti-niilitarisni 
and anti-iinperialism." 

Lenin took up where \lar\ and Kn- 
^els lefi ofT and definitiveh formu- 
lated the theor\ of nations and nation- 
alities on the hasis of Marxist first 
principles in the a<>e of imperialisin. 
Like Marx and Engels. Lenin ^ave 
hi<ihest prioritN to the \vorkin<i class 
strugole. ^'We suhordinate to the in- 
terests of the proletarian struggles," 
urote Lenin, "our support of the de- 
niand for national independence." He 
consistenth advocated self-determina- 
tion of nations. ecjualily of nations and 
the ri<>hts of nationalities as hasic 
})<)Ii('ies insofar as their iniplementa- 
tion (hd not conHict uith revolutionäre 
strug^ile. and he sau that such ad- 
vocac) was fundamental!) in the in- 
terests of that struorcrle. Where he be- 


lieved Marx and Lngels niistaken. as 
in the ease of the Lnited States war 
with Mexico in 18J7. he ofFered no 
defense of their posifion. He did not 
hesiiate to niake his own judgment of 
national struggles even if it diverged 
froni that of his nientors. Where the) 
re^arded iireat powei* doniination of 
small nations as sometimes progres- 
sive. Lenin helieved that. in the age 
of imperiaüsm, national oppression 
should be fought wherever it occurred 
and that all nationalities had the right 
of self-determination. Accordingly. 
Lenin set forth the main lines of the 
theory of latter-da) ini|)erialism with 
an une(]uivocal condemnation of its 
oppressive, reactionary character. 
Lenin was in perpetual conflict 

with other socialist iheorists of nalion- 
alisni. Perhaps the most iinportani 
antagonist of I^nin's view was the 
Austrian socialist leader, Otto Bauer, 
who advanced the theory of national- 
cultural autonomy. Under this theor) 
the nation was defined as a people 
hound together by ''a Community of 
fate," a people vvhich shared a ''na- 
tional character" and have a common 
conception of their future. In a multi- 
national State. Bauer held. each na- 
tionalitN should administer its own 
cullural and juridical affairs. The 
members of the ''nation," whether or 
not they occupied a common and con- 
tiguous territory, would elect repre- 
sentatives to bodies independent and 
separate from those of the State to 
carr) out these functions. Karl Kaut- 
sky, Lenin and Stalin subjected Bauer's 
view to devastating and searching 
analysis as an "extra-class" theory and 
hence antagonistic to the working class. 
In the course of this critique Lenin 
oflered his own theor\ of regional 

•• CT 

autonom) and the definition of a 
nation with its sequential principles of 
the right to self-determination, equal- 
it) of nations and the rights of nation- 
alities. Lenin agreed with the formu- 
lalion of the theory in Stalin's famous 
essa), Marxism and the National 
Question, published in 1913, which 
became the authoritative Statement 
for the conimunist movement. How- 
ever. Davis remarks that "Roth [Otto] 
Bauer and Lenin wrote more compre- 
hensively than Stalin, and Lenin es- 
pecially was more incisive and at the 
same time more flexible in his ap- 
proach." Davis points out that Stalin's 
famous definition ( "A nation is a 
historically evolved, stähle Community 
of language. territory, economic life. 
and psychological make-up manifested 
in a conimmunity of culture"), like 
Bauer's, was formed in the light of the 
specific issues in Eastern Flurope be- 



fore World War I and. adds Davis, 
''neither is broad enough to (;over the 
whole field." Davis indicates that 
"nationalities were developing which 
did not have unitv of language, or 
territory, or history." Davis' comment 
on Stalin's rigidity seenis to nie to ap- 
ply to Israel, which does not accord 
strictly with Stalin's rigid criteria of 
I nationhood. Except for a common his- 
f tory of Judaism and persecution. the 
I Jews from the niost diverse parts of 
» Ihe World who are now Israeli nation- 
al did not in fact have, prior to their 
entry, a common territory, culture, 
language or secular history and still 
lack a common language and culture. 
If it is Said that Israel is a nation in 
the process of formation, this is true; 

^^"^ .^^ }}^^^ P^^"^ ^^^^s 't become a 
*'"ation"? And is it not noiv a ''na- 

l^^"."; ^^^^^ ^s a complexity here that 
Stalin's definition is too rigid to en- 

Davis tnakes only brief references 

to the Jewish aspecf of the problem, 
which we expand in this review. 

In the debates over the con- 
f'ept of the nation and nationality, the 
Jewish predicament in the Austrian 
and Tsarist empires figured impor- 
tantly. The Bund (the General Jewish 
Labor League of Lithuania. Poland 
and Russia), formed in 1897, was an 
autonomous Organization of socialist 
Jews who foughf both for socialism as 
they conceived it and for Jewish equal- 
ity in particular. Lenin and Stalin 
charged Bundists with a separatism 
which weakened the movement be- 
cause they tended to accentuate na- 
tional antagonisms and were not class- 
oriented. The Bund nioved in and out 
of the Russian Social- Democratic 
Part) mainly because it refused to 
surrender to the party sole and 
autonomous control of Jewish affairs. 
Lenin and Stalin considered the notion 

Februarv. 1060 

of Jewish national-cultural autonomy 
as bourgeois in essence and in con- 
flict with the interests of the working 
class. The Bund's concepl of a ''na'- 
tional culture," said Lenin, was anti- 
thetic to the struggle for a working 
class culture. Wrote Lenin: ^'We take 
from every national culture only its 
democratic and socialist elements. we 
take them only and ahsolutely as a 
counterbalance to bourgeois culture, 
to the bourgeois nationalism of every 
nation" {Critical Remarks on the 
National Question, Vloscou, n.d.. np. 
16-17). ^^ 

Otto Bauer shared vvith the Bund the 
national-cultural concept bul he did 
not believe that it applied to the Jews. 
The Jews did not constitute a nation- 
ality, Bauer thought, because under 
democratic conditions the Jewish mid- 
dle class was becoming rapidly as- 
similated to the dominant nationalit). 
The absence of a Jewish peasantr\. he 
held, denied the jews anv basis for a 
renewal of national-cultural life. ( Ber 
Boruchov, a founder of socialist- 
Zionism. met this objection b\ assert- 
ing that the Jews could form a nation 
by establishing themselves with an 
agricultural base in Palestine. ) Lenin 
himself agreed that where democracv 
prevailed— and he pointed to the 
United States as a prime example — it 
acts '1ike a mill which grinds up 
national distinctions" {Ibid., p. 25). 
With the advance of Lastern Europe 
toward democracy and socialism, he 
held, the outlook for the Jews is as- 
similation. The Bund program of 
clinging to Jewish culture, he thought, 
was reactionary not onlv because he 
believed it "extra-class."' but also be- 
cause it resisted the objecttive tend- 
ency of democracy toward assimila- 
tion. This did not mean. however. thal 
Jews were to he denied their rights as 
a nationality, which indeed they en- 
joyed in the first few decades of 



npHE QUEENS Hearing by the 
•*- Board of Education on its 
school decentralization plan Jan. 6 
was also (see p. 8) marred by the 
distribution of an anti-Semitic 
leaflet by the Jamaica Alliance for 
Community Control. The leaflet 
called Jews "educational assassins" 
and charged that ''Zionist dogs" 
controlled New York University. 
Several persons in the audience at 
the hearing rose to denounce the 
anti-Semitism in the leaflet as con- 
tributing to the false inipression 
that Community control of educa- 
tion is identifiable with anti- 

socialism. But these rights wert- 


realized under a Soviet and not a 

national-aut'onomous administration. 

Subsequent history has, 1 think. 
demonstrated that Bauer and Lenin 
over-estiniated the inexorability of 
this tendency toward assimilation in 
the immediate future and under-esti- 
mated both the stubbornness of anti- 
Semitism and the tenacity with which 
Jews cling to their identity. One can 
only speculate what modifications 
Lenin would havc made in bis thoughts 
on assimilation of Jews if he had wit- 
nessed the phenomenon of Nazism. 
The basic oversight of those who 
prophesied rapid assimilation of ihc 
jews — then and now — is failure to per- 
ceive the profundity of anti-Jewish 
attitudes in Western consciousness. 
While I do not agree with the Zionist 
thesis that anti-Semitism is ineradic- 
able, it does seem that socialist theor- 
ists have not reckoned with its extra- 
ordinary tenacity. Even the experience 
of socialist countries has not modified 
the perspective that total assimilation 
of the Jews is unlikely in the foresee- 
able future. But policy in the socialist 

as well as capitaiisl countries must in 
justice grant nationality rights to 
those Jews — and they reckon in the 
millions — who wish to identify them- 
selves with the Je wish people as a 
distinct group. 

It is apparent from history that 
Stalin became impatient with the per- 
sistence of Jewish identification and 
desire for nationality rights in the 
Soviet Union and therefore applied ad- 
ministrative measures to force the as- 
similation of the Jews. That policy has 
not even yet been whoUy abandoned in 
the post-Stalin Soviet Union. Davis re- 
ports that in a document which first 
became known in 1956, "Lenin Casti- 
gate Stalin unmercifuUy' for suppres- 
sion of national rights in Georgia in 
192. "Lenin and Stalin," writes Davis, 
supposedly had the same ideas on na- 
tionalism; the only point at issue was 
one of administration." And Stalin pro- 
ceeded administratively against the 
Jews in contradiction to the theory of 
the rights of nationalities which he 
stated with specific reference to the 
Jews in bis theses on the national 
problem in 1921 iMarxism, etc., p. 

Davis does not of course delve into 
the Jewish aspects of the national ques- 
tion beyond stating the respective 
positions of the most important theo- 
rists. He observes that Otto "Bauer 
evidently overstressed the extent of 
Jewish assimilation" but Davis could 
not be expected to explore this prob- 
lem further. An extension of the study 
of the national question from 1917 
into our own day would be obliged to 
take these developments into account. 
Meanwhile, Davis has provided us 
with a critical, comprehensive and 
well-balanced survey of nationalism, 
surely one of the primary problems of 
our era, up to the point in 1917 where 
socialist principles were on the thresh- 
old of being put into practice. 


Jkwish Currents 





AfKs. Vaase C. Kollock is an a.ssisiant prinzipal at a public school 
in the Ocean HiU-Browusville school d ist riet in Brooklyn, Meiv York. 
In cur Feb., 1968 issue, we published Mrs. Rollock's article, "Ä Negro 
Speaks to JewsJ^ This evoked a reply by a Los Angeles Negro teacher, 
Miss Rayner W. Mann, "A Negro Discusses Anti-Sem itism'' published 
in our June, 1968 issue, (Mrs. Rollock coninienled on this in a letter 
in our Sept. issue.) Vor our 1969 Negro History Week Issue, we invited 
Mrs, Rollock to recomrnend a book by a black writer that she thought 
would be particularly helpjul to Jewish youth — and their eiders. Her 
recotnniendation follous. 

LETTE RS to a Black Boy b> Bob 
Teague (Walker and Co., N. Y., 
1968. 211 pages, $4.50 1 is a collection 
of exj)erierK'es and ideas vv ritten by a 
loving father to a precious son. These 
thoughts are shared vvith those of us 
W'ho are striving to understand the 
realit'ies of life in our countrv today. 
They should be shared with our )()ung 
j)eople, who must cope with the World 
we have given theni and must find 
ways of inaking it better for them- 
selves and all others who are coming 
of age in the next decade. 

This book is not bland and nour- 
ishing like pabluni. It is not filled 
with ancient pieties reworded in mod- 
ern terms. It is the story of a man 
given cake, in surfeit, when bis body 
cries out for bread, the story of the 
inadequacy of fame and money to 
assuage the demands of the human 

The fun and humor of Teague's 
letters cannot conceal the deep bitter- 
ness of bis sensitivity to the petty 
humiliations of being a black man, 
though aflluent. in w^hite Anieriai. 
Even when Teague writes of building 
a wall of money to protect bis little 
Adam from the mindless prejudice he 
has suff'ered, we are aware as he is 
that even a ''wall of money" will not 

Despite the underlying bitterness 
there is niuch love in Letters to a Black 
Boy. There is love for a father who 
tried to hurdle the barriers and failed, 
and for wonderful Aunt Letty, who 
succeeded and who in her old age is 
still providing encouragement to all 
the younger members of the clan to 
keep on trying. In the brave neu 
World to come Aunt Letty will surely 
head the department of internal 

Febriiary, 1969 


Fe»>. 9-16, 1969 

nPIll! Associalion Im dir Sind) (»1 
-*" Nc-io Life and Hisloi) has 
designated l'eh. 9-16. 1969 as the 
14th Annual Ne-m Historv Week. 
The 1969 iheine is ^^Afro-Ameri- 
cans Strugglino for Human Dignity 
and SelMdentity." The Negro His- 
lory Kit (includino posters. lesson 
phms. hiographieal sketches. |)ic- 
Ujies and olher prograni malerials) 
ina\ he ohtained for $6 froni the 
Association, IS.Ui 9th St., N. W.. 
Washington. D.C. 20001. 

The I\. Y. Brauch of the Asso- 

ciation uill hold its :J2nd Annual 

Ohservance of iNegro Histor> Week 

at a Luncheon Sat.. Feh. 15 in the 

Grand Ballrooni of the Waldorf 

Astoria al 12:30 P.M.. with Dr. 

Zelma George. Executive Director. 

Cleveland Joh Corps Center for 

Wonien. as the Guest Speaker. 

Ainong the Honorees at the Lunch- 

eon uill he Dr. Herhert Aptheker. 

Hon. Shirley Chisholm. Mr. Khody 

VlcCo) and Ca])t. Hugh Mulzac. Kor 

reservations. at SlO per plate. call 

Mrs. Anne Gihhs. LU 4-8102. 

Hol) Teague writes afleclionalely of 
such diverse hrothers as Malcolm. Kap 
Brown and Martin Luther King, dis- 
agreeing at times with each man's tac- 
tics l)ut seeing in the life of each a 
worthwhile contribution to social 
change. He does not' deal as tenderly 
with the "Mister Charlies" of his 
World hut gives due credit to those 
white hrothers who have penetrated 
the layers of his protective insulation 
and have therehy enriched their lives 
and his. 

A phantasy familiär to many par- 
ents is the day dreani in which Teague 
is prepared to seil his soul to the 
devil in exchange for the proniise of a 


heiter life for his son. As he is ahout 
to sign the contract he reads the line 
print and disrovers that the devil is 
not promising a change of conditions 
hut only guaranteeing that tlie ho> will 
he insensilive to all forms of discrimi- 
nation. The Status quo remains hut the 
victim feels no pain! His Satanic 
Majesty blandly points out that he 
has no power to change the arrange- 
ments strong men make for their own 
coinfort and ease. 

One can hope that uell hefore 
Bob Teague's son reaches 1:5, the 
racial Situation will undergo a signif- 
icant change so that he can wri'te a 
different series of letters to his be- 
loved son. In the meantime, one also 
hopes that the young people, hlack 
and white, who read these letters will 
be inspired to participate in making 
changes that will create a better social 
elimate for all of us. 

Mazel Tov 


on their I5th anniversarv 

May they continue to find per- 
sonal happiness in the struffsle 
tor peace. social justice and 
progressive Jewish life and 

The Manao^ement Coinniitee 

We shall be glad to get for you 
any bock or record issued in 
Ihe USA mentioned in Jewish 
Carrents. Send us your ebeck 
or cash and we shall sent it to 
you postpaid. Add 25 cents for 

22 E. 17 St., New York 10003 

Jkwish Currents 


ISegro-Jewish Confronlation 

The JNational Governing; Council of 
American Jewish Congress sponsored 
an important public forum l)ec. 1 on 
ihe |)r()l)lem of "!Ne<iro-Je\N ish ('on- 

Alexander J. Allen, eastern regional 
(lirector of the National l rban League, 
told the audience that rising Ten- 
sion between the Jewish and Negro 
coinmunities was due in pari lo the 
fact that ''Jews, having occupied for so 
long the role of an oppressed niinority, 
now have great difficulty perceiving 
theniselves as part of the power struc- 
ture and defenders of the establish- 
inent. Yet to a large degree and 
particularly in cities like New York, 
this is the facl and this is the wa\ 
Negroes and Puerto Kicans see it." 

Shad Polier, chairinan of the Na- 
tional Governing Council of AJCon- 
gress, said the future of Negro-Jewish 
relations depended in large part on 
''the way Negro spokesmen represent 
the issues and the nianner in which 
they lead their people. 

"To the extent that the voices of 
intelligent liberal and progressive men 
and wonien in the Negro communit\ 
are muted, to that extent will the Ne- 
gro extremists be in a position to 
dominate and usurp the struggle for 
equality — and thereb) to inflanie and 
misdirect it." 

Mr. Polier added that the Jewish 
response to Negro anti-Semitism must 
be "reasoned and cahn. It has become 
clear that the attack on Jews, verbally 
and physically, in what has been given 
the appearance of a wave of black 

anti-Seniitisni, is largely the vvork of 
black extremists and has no significanl 
Support in the Negro population." 

Mr. Allen told the audience of 5(M) 
ihal 'Mt is diflicult for any Gentile lo 
füll) appreciate the continuing irnpact 
of Hitler's final Solution on the think- 
ing of t(Kla\'s Jewish coimnunity. Yet 
it is onl\ in terms of this background 
ihal the hysterical response of many 
Jews to the liny black extremist 
fringe in Ocean Hill-Brownsville can 
be understood. 

"Kacism by blacks is obviously no 
more defensible than racism by whites, 
but it is basic to understanding it and 
(lealing with it to recognize that black 
racism is no more than a faint reflec- 
tion of and response to white racism. 
To deal realistically with it we must 
recognize the relative imbalance as 
between the two comm unilies in terms 
of both security and power." 

Thus. Mr. Allen continued, "the 
ordy basis for a sound relationship 
between Negro and Jew for the future 
is for the two communities to work 
together as peers, toward a pluralistic 
American society in which each group 
is free to determine its own course 
and no individual is restricted on the 
basis of race. creed or color." 

Cooperation Esiablished 

For the first time an ongoing rela- 
tionship between the central coordi- 
nating bodies of American Protes- 
tantism, Catholicism and Judaism was 
established to deal with current prob- 
lems and for intercommunication. 
This was announced Dec. 2 bv Rabbi 

FfBRI ARY. 1969 


li I 

Jacob Pliilij) Kudiii, presideiit of the 
Synagügue Council of America, who 
added that the new group was com- 
posed of the gt*neral secrelaries of the 
iMational Council of the Churches of 
(Jirist, the United States Catholic Con- 
ference and the Synagügue Council of 
America, which represents all three 
major emphasis on the urhan crisis. 
The new interreligious committee 
held its first Session Dec. 8 and placed 
major emphasis on the nation's urban 

Rabbi Kudin stated that the com- 
mittee will engage in a search for 
*"nmtual understanding and common 
activities" in other areas as well. The 
Problems of world peace and interna- 
tional development will receive prior- 
ity attention. 

Referring to the New York City 
school strike, Rabbi Rudin warned 
that the accelerating crisis in our 
cities is rapidly exacerbating Negro- 
Jewish relationships. The increasingly 
overü anti-Semitism is a source of 
anxiety and disappointment to the 
Jewish Community. While these ex- 
j)ressions of anti-Semitism. he said, 
are entirely unrepresentative of the 
inajority of the black Community, and 
numerous studies have shown that 
iMegroes are generally less anti-Semitic 
than white Christians, this alone is 
not a source of comfort to the Jewish 
connnunity. The recent vandalism and 
desecration of synagogues in New 
York City, apparently committed by 
whites, is an indication that expres- 
sions of anti-Semitism in one sector 
of the Community lend fuel to latent 
anti-Semitism in other sectors, Rabbi 
Rudin said. 

The rabbi warned, however, that 
"nothing would be more tragic" than 
for the Jewish Community to withdraw 
from the battle for civil rights, equal 
justice and the elimination of poverty. 
"We will condemn anti-Semitism 

wherevcr and whenever it ap- 
appears," Rabbi Rudin said, *'and 
we will not make common cause with 
those who are callous and indifferent 
to the |)oison (d anti-Semitism. But 
neither Negro anti-Semites nor Jewish 
backlashers will deter us from our 
conmiitment to change the conditions 
of injustice, frustration and hopeless- 
ness which are the real causes of scape- 
goatism and anti-Semitism in black 
America, no less than in white Amer- 

• The Synagogue Council of Amer- 
ica foUowed up Rabbi Rudin's speech 
by Sponsoring a meeting of 250 rabbis 
and Negro ministers Dec. 5 in Co- 
operation with the Interfaith City- 
Wide Coordinating Committee Against 
Poverty and several other rehgious 
agencies to bridge the Communica- 
tions gap between them in the present 

A Joint Statement issued after the 
meeting asserted that the Negro and 
Jewish communities have "shared in- 
terests" as well as diverse interests. 

New Agency for the Aged 

The Federation of Jewish Philan- 
thropies of New York established a 
new agency to provide a coordinated 
program for care and rehabilitation 
of the aged in New York City and 
neighboring suburbs. The new agency, 
the Jewish Association for Services 
for the Aged, has temporary offices 
at 33 W. 60 St. "While emphasis will 
be primarily on the Jewish aged," the 
announcement of the new agency said, 
"Services will be available to those 
who can most be helped, regardless of 
faith or race." Projected capital ex- 
penditures are expected to exceed 
$88.2 million. S. P. 


Jewish Currents 


(Continued from page 13) 
the same ripjht to decide for theni- 
selves, to make their mistakes, to find 
their own way. Will black schools run 
by Black Power be good schools? Not 
necessarily. But white schools for black 
children are abject failures. Colonial 
outposts in occupied territory do not 
long survive. The very investiture of 
power in the black Community will 
dramatically alter the nieaning of the 
local school for its pupils. With time. 
experience in running things and local 
responsibility for the outcome. better 
education can well result, niodels we 
jnay wish lo eniulate. What they de- 
mand is what we demand: a say in 
determining the future of their chil- 
dren. We can offer technical and pro- 
fessional skills when they are wanted; 
decision-making niusf rest in local 

But that is black husiness^ and M?e, 

or most of us, are white. What of us? 
Our children are far less vulnerable 
to biological Insult, acquire habits 
and mannerisms that fit them to tra- 
verse middle-class terrain, go to a 
university and become like us. Does 
that imply that we have done better 
by ours than blacks have done bv 
theirs? Biologically, yes; psychologi- 
cally, no. 

Middle-class children live in ihe 
fantasy world of lily-white suburbs 
and lily-white schools. The black 
adults they see fill menial roles; the 
only black children are token black. 
Training has begun for a ruling class 
role. Morality aside, how effectivelv 
does it prepare them for a world in 
which whites are a minority? 

HoHie and school announce the im- 
portance of academic achievement but 
what is rewarded is getting good 
grades. The pupil who succeeds is the 

one who reads what is assigned and 
doesn't nag the teacher with questions 
not in t'oday's lesson. Farents are con- 
cerned that their youngsters have the 
*'right" friends, date the 'Vight" girls, 
keep pointed toward respectable 
careers. Gurions, isn't it, that parents 
who find their own lives unsatisfying 
can imagine nothing better for the 
children they profess to love than 
more of the same? 

Need I point out the ennui and 
restlessness that pollute suburbia? 
Psychiatrists, after all, cater to the 
middle class and I haven't a colleague 
who isn't oversubscribed. Our patients, 
for all their affluence, complain of in- 
security, alienation. emptiness, anx- 
iety. Work is without nieaning, mar- 
riage without wajmth. They draw 
some comfort from seeing us but their 
lives do not change. 

If there are dominant themes in 
their distress, those themes are divorce- 
ment, unrelatedness and a feeling 
of not being needed. But to experience 
one's seif as an isolate is to misread 
the nexus of necessities in which we 
are born. reared and live. Man, of all 
animals, undergoes by far the most 
prolonged period of immaturity and 
consequent urgent dependency on 
others. Man's primate ancestors sur- 
vived only because they banded in 
packs. Hominoid evolution was pos 
sible only because these puny, hairless 
bipeds could use band and brain in 
common tasks. could build on what 
each had learned by passing on a ver- 
bal tradition and could increase their 
efFectiveness by differentiated roles in 
an organized society. 

From the first^ man has heen 

social. His need for others is pro- 
foundly biological. Isolated physi- 
cally or psychologically — he experi- 
ences distress. That distress leads him 
to seek out others in order to heal 

February, 3969 


! ( 

'•iniseh. Anrl. i„ .... ,]oinu. ,■„ ,] , 
Past. he jjuaranteecl his survival and 
llial of (he species. 

He,Ke 1 would argue ihat our mosl 
l>r..f„unfl responsibility is lo educate 
<.ur diddren in such fashion that seif- 
luIhHntent is underslood to lie in 
proup fulfillment. The> pattern them- 
■selves upon us. We teach theni as we 
live „Ursel ves. Caring. involvenienf. 
«omnntn.enl In parents are the oper- 
ative require.nents for healthv ohild 
develop,nent If ue den) „ur respon- 
tlJ- '': hunianity. ue föne our 
^''^'T." «'"ler l„ blind themselves to 
the d.shoneslA the\ ,anno( eseane 
«eeing or lo turn auay fron, us in 
despa.r Remember Will> Loman's son 
m üeath oj „ Salesmany He ran froni 
|"s father in anguish after discover- 
'ng him m a cheap affair-and kept 
on running. ' 

The de\elopmentaI task of the 
adolescent is a painfui search for 
'dent.ty. In the process of (hat search 
he must scrulini/e hiniself and his par- 

enls vvuh all the honesty he can mus- 
ter M he fears what he will find and 
mstructs h.s eyes to look aside, what 
has been avoided will continue to dis- 
tort his development. If he looks and 

•nen. like W,| y, who niouth the slogan 
of equal.ty while they hatten on privi- 
lege, bis bowels will cringe. His ache 
Hill rerna.n. as it did with Willy's son 
unt.l he repudiates the values tha 
cl.sgust him. A blow to the belly does 
not proniote reasoned responses. Somc 
cave in; others respond with rage. Let 
US not be surprised at the contempt 
hose under 30 have for us. They wan 
'o he qu.ts with hypocrisy. They are 
not always wise enough to dislinguish 
"bat ina) |.e worth saving fron, „hat 
IS decadenl. Hui wen; we? 

^J- mny prepnre „ur children 

"eil ,.r poorly. fnsistenlly. Iif„ ihrusls 


for trad.t.on. the> are unwilling to 

pretend that the king has dotheson. 
Iheir single-minded search for truth 

Zi? 'T'"'-'"' '^' ^^"" generation. 
College adm.n.slrator and congressman 
a ike. Are students not more honor- 
able than we when they insist that 

ZTTT •"'"'■'^'" theinselves from 
the dirty business of weapons develop- 
meiil. even if it pays overbead? What 
shall we answer them when they say 
talk and petitions are not enough. 

pol tely while the slaughter of war 
contuiues unabated? Why did we haye 
to await's assassination and the 
tudents dran.atic sit-ins to act on 
the adnuss.on of black students to 
our universities? 

If we aecuse them of excess, we 
stand accused of lack. Whatever the 
argurnents about lactics. let us no! 
n.istake the extraordinary nationa 
asset represen.ed by thei/ insfitenee 
«n confronting us with the conse- 
quences of inaction. The new student 
w r/ht rr ^'''' -°"»radictions 

aga.nst trustees and adminis rators to them authority for grJater 
than they should be alloLd. The uli 
versity .s not the seat of national 
power; College presidents have no "rea 
grandeur of command. It is the wa, 
-ha. must be ended, not the uniyersiTy 
racsm, not_^ teaching. The life of res'- 

he affected by demonstrations on cam- 
pus. "'" 

It is true in my estimation, as the 

students contend, that the American 

"n.versity has been distorted by S 

ut.onal.zed academic practices.^ has 

■redenli I '''"''' ^"^ ^""^'"^ "" 
fredentials ,n a society more con- 

^e ned badges than with col 
sfiM can become. a seed bed for ideas 



lo Iranslüiin sociel) . Hui liie impelus 
for chan^e and the means to effect it 
reinain in the hands of farulty and 
studcnls. Anarchy can Im^ as destru(!- 
livt* lo acadeinic values as contonnily. 
Whal needs d()in<> is the lormulalion 
of construclive organizational changes 
ihat will reawaken the university to 
its role. 

Let nie bring you a report from 
anot'her sector of professional life 
where. at least as of this niorning, Stu- 
dent levolts are iiol \et in fashion: 
the Miedical estahlishnient. Of all the 
physicians in the United States in 1960. 
2.2 per cent were black. Of the sonie 
9,000 physicians graduating each 
>ear, only 200 are black; just enough 
to niaintain the ratio. But of this 200. 
150 come froni tv\o Negro schools. 
Howard and Meharry. and only 50 
from the 90 others! 

Faculty and students alike have 
been content to pursue narrow career 
interests. Concern for the grovving 
crisis in the delivery of medical care 
is only now^ beginning to niount. 
Surely, sit-ins to disrupt medical edu- 
cation will not produce more or bet- 
ter doctors. but should not students 
and faculty together reexamine ad- 
mission policy and curriculum in the 
light of social needs? It niay be true 
that trustees have been as insensitive 
as faculty and students to those needs, 
but they do not bear primary respon- 
sibilit) for the failure. Reformulation 
of goals by those who should provide 
leadership, namely teachers and stu- 
dents. is what is called for, not dem- 
onstrations against trustees, whose 
function should be the implementation 
of academic goals, not the definition of 
those goals. 

For all of us^ ihe intmedinie iasks 

are clear. The obscene war in Vietnam 
must be brought to an end; it will not 
be, if we do not maintain our vigilance 

against the advocales of a hol) Cru- 
sade to "democratize" others even if 
we must kill them to do so. A signifi- 
canl ()art of lln» fiinds we liavr so 
readil) connnittcd to the destruction 
üf that tin\ countrs must be spent on 
its restoration. including the medical 
rehabilitation of the blind, the scarred 
and the amputee children of Vietnam. 
The bulk of that 30 billion dollars 
must be diverted to the provision of 
Jobs, liousing. and medical care for 
the victims of the race war here in 
America. Rather ihan a welfare system 
based upon bare subsistence and upon 
humiliating the recipient of help. v\e 
nmst provide guaranteed income and 
family allowances. Social Services will 
be necessary but they can be effective 
onl) after the economic health of the 
family is assured, not in Heu of it. 
Our educational system, from public 
school to university, is in need of 
restructuring so that it promotes 
growth. not defers it. A large influx 
of federal funds for scholarships. new 
plants. more staff will be needed, but 
so will new ideas, some of which can 
be drawn from students who, like us. 
will learn as they teach. Health Serv- 
ices based on a rational scheme of na- 
tional prepaid health insurance must 
be made available for all. 

These find other tneasures for the 

social good are necessar) for the 
mental health of our nation. Commit- 
ment to fliese aims is necessary for 
our füll development as human human 
beings. Our children as well as we 
must be involved in the struggle for 
these goals. The Suggestion may seem 
absurd. What role is there for 8. 10 
and 12 year olds? Black children in 
Little Rock and New Orleans took part 
in the struggle for human rights when 
they went off to school in the midst 
of vicious throngs held back by Na- 
tional Guardsmen. Perhaps you re- 

February, 1969 



^N ANTI-SEMITIC editorial. "Needed: A Respon^wfjewish Voice " 

>la.nin<; Jewish teachers for all (he evils il.. . .m" l i '''"■'"""' 

are nou ihe editorial imliVv ..f 1^ r "^^noois vii. Hatchett s views 

'-din, in one pa,e. n.ore M."" L .' , JH d " ir '^ "'' '"'■^• 

'■"'■ Ihe American, Con-iess SirdPi' i 

INa.ional Governing Council, decl Ped a.f 7 •' V^V-7'\ "VV 
IS a disheartenincr exaninlp nf \h^ lo • . * */ ' "'*^ ^"*^ ^^ ^"^ck 

in the sehool orisis^riÄtf ttgS maT "c 1 "its'^ r'""'^' «"^''"''! 
about the verv evils of rari,m ,?;! • "?^*\"' J«*^^ »^ho are concerned 

schools. We are Lnfidenl tL/Tl!'"'T''""u'"'^ '^' ^"""'•^ «^ «"•• 
be deterred by this ä ack rom .1 /'ff''*' connnunity will „ot 

to «'rengthen 'and 1 r eduS l'^tl '*"''' 'T-f.''^ '^""^^«^ 
equally confident that the hlLk ,,V ■ "" ""'' ^^ddren. We are 

blatanJ appeal to ^^ ^rT^'^ ZoSS fL''^!^- '^^ 
American Teachers Forum" editoiial of the African- 

School 271 in Ocean HillRi- ^" .f.^^'^'f"' Pr>ncipal in Junior Hi<'h 

Sen.itic." This denial^ merelv demo sfr«'/^ r'' '^'^^"". " '^'«^''' «'"'' 

To meet the challenge demands a 
^hitt ,„ va ues from ethnocentrism, 
from pursuit of personal comforts 

L7.^-r -r V-f-mity. The crisis 
in family ,dentUy and family values 

r'etn'r"'-;''"'.^ 'P""""« ^ff-'« " m the past; not by turning in 
on famdy structure for a minute ex- 
aniination of tollet training and sex 

education practices a« an " i 
tmn" t >'"'^"''es as an explana- 

tion for our anxieties and dissatis- 

family members in the work of build- 
ing a nation in which life, Jiberty and 

f ^ru,"".''^ happiness are the rights 
of all, black and white together 

gard this as an unfair bürden for those 
so young— but is that bürden greater 
Ihan the one imposed by the stress of 
segregated slum life itself? 

There is an equally important role 
for white children, symbolized by the 
chdd who attended school in New 
Orleans in the face of a boycott-for 
c-h. Idren to challenge the prejudices 
Ol their peers. to tutor others behind 

tation. Ihere is a moral imperative for 
parents to help their children under- 

trstretl^'^d'' '"""' '° «-^ ">- 
me strenglh and courage to meet their 

owri responsibilities, to inspire them 
by the.r own participation. . . 


Jewish Currents 











Thy Daughlers Nakedness by Myron 

S. Kauffman. J.ippincott, Phila., 698 

pages, S8.95. 

Nov. 1, 1968 
Dear Morris^ 

Enough! Tve Ijeen reading and re- 
viewing books for Jewish Ciirrenls for 
a number of years, but vvhen you ask 
thaü I read all of 'Thy Daughter's 
Nakedness" and then attempt to re- 
port to your readers about it, I can 
only cry, "Cease, desist. I rebel. I will 
not finish it." I will not attempt to 
write a "review," but I can try to 
convince you why I have taken leave 
of my noniially submissive, compliant, 
agreeable senses. 

The day the book arrived, I noticed 
that it was handsonie, heft}, expensive 
and preceded by a hearty endorsement 
by Meyer Levin. "A dignfied, serious 
and major treatment of the place of 
the rabbi in the modern Jewish world. 
. . . This low keyed novel has a total 
reality. . . ." 

Almosü as soon as the book came, 
I read the first handful of pages to 
give me the stylistic flavor, the ex- 
})osition. and the expectation that one 

Elsie Levitan oI Philadelphia, in od- 
dition to ivriting (or not-writing) re- 
vietv {or non-revieivs) , appeared here 
last in our Oct., 1968 issue with lighl 
ucrse ahouf the llasid and the Hippie. 


often get's even from a first chapter. 
Stylistically, it seemed mired in the 
sophomore of College writing. I dis- 
covered fairly quickly that Millicent, 
our heroine, was a Phi Beta Kappa 
graduate from the University of 
Chicago, that her father was a rabbi 
living in a small suburb of Boston and 
that the story unfolds at the time of 
the Korean War. 

On page one, while the entire fam- 
ily, in their ancient Plymouth, heads 
hoineward following graduation, the 
exposition unfurls. But more, oh! 
much more is revealed than the when, 
where, what of traditionally structured 
novels. Thus momma's first words to 
Charles. Millicent's younger brother, 
are. "What's the matter with you? 
Don't you want to get into coUege? 
Don't you wanü to wear a cap and 
gown like Millicent? Didn't she look 
adorable up there?" 

This edifying bit of morality is 
followed by Rabbi Ed saying to bis 
troubled son, "You and your capital. 
Millicent's got capital. A degree. An 
education. That's capital." 

Such an ethic laced with m.other's 
milk could single-theoried explain the 
beginning of the hippie movement. 

By the end of chapter one, I had 
a bad taste in my mouth and a slight 
sense of nausea. 

But I read a little more. I followed 
Vfiniccnt into tho bedroom sharcd with 

FEnKüAUY, 1969 


ler sisier l'aHy; i„„-, Vlillicenl'.s 
Ihoujrhts conoeininfi; ihe possibilities 
"I a career in politics; into her first 

• . u"' „•'^"'^''^ a Jewish interne; 
i"l.. her efforls al frettinfT a Job. In a 
mmi. J read enou-h to know that 
^Vlilluenl laces l.ife was the expetta- 
ioi>. I also realized that it uould not 
•<• « senous exe-esis of the j,lace of 
J Ufaisn, .,, this sorry inotlern scheme 
"f hings. I,ut that Hahl,i VA would be 
calied „n lo give littje snatches of 
serrn.,„s „„ .«od and evil fron, 
to linie. 

Thus. Ihe (irsi linielie meets l.eslie 
(VIilRenIs M.lerne friend I fhev dis- 
cuss br.eflv the possibility of a nuclear 
war and |{al)bi Kd sa>s. "I don't be- 
leve II . . . civdi/ation will never 
liave to Start from Scratch a<;ain. That's 
"hat u. call God'spromis^toNoah 
ihat-aUeast'"^ ''''' ' '^'^^ '" «-^' 
And later in the same conversation. 
he says, You can't explain the good 
and you can t explain the evil." And 
this ,n a World ihat is writhing to 
understand so it can alter anguish! 

l-ater. ah, much later. when Rabbi 
h-d d.scovers that Millicent and ].eslie 
have been sharing an apartment, bis 
sermon to her is b«th vacuous and; 
ounously, not a liltle vulgär. He pumps 
hard for sex as a conwnodity which he 
hn.ks h..s daughter has squandered 
forever. foobshiy. He doesn't seen. 
'<• -eab/e that the argument that a 
wonian should preserve her virginitv 
as the strong point in her bargalnin- 
power lo obtain a -'good"' .„"arriage 
;eeks of commercialism and calculat- 
mg coldness. 

This Rabbi has a sn.all, tired voice. 
very few listen. 

■"""'''>»!<, Ilw rvinaindir of ihv 

l><">k reniain.ul untouched because I 
was too busy. because there were too 
"•any olhcr ihings to read, because... 

But )(,ur conscience-stricken editor"s 
"ote arrived. and dutifully I relurned 
lo my diities, and I mushed niy wav 
jhrough several hundred pages more. 
But now I quit! I'vehad it! 

I quit reading just before Millicent 
f!.ves her all-her virginity-although 
each „,ch of the way was hotly con- 
lested w.fh endless jejune discussions, 
prudery, priggishness and every other 
delaying tactic known to the author of 
ted.ous novels about wonien known 
onlv to the authors of tedious novels. 
And snue [ enjoy reading about a 
deHow^ering as niuch as the nexf guy, 
Ol doli. I ean „nly assume that Mr. 
KauH.nans ineptness and falseness 
wore n,e out past the point of caring. 
After that ski.nmed, skipped, scam- 
pered and darted about over the end- 
less landsrape of aseptically, detaiied 

Mr. Kauffnrian-s view of women. 
Woman and the Woman Question is 
Strange and sad and kind of scary, 
all at the same time. Millicent as a 
Cardboard soap opera cut-out does not 
deserve one n.oment's thought; but as 
the of a widely reviewed, 
handsomely advertised, probable 
movie-to-be, she merits some consider- 
ai.on. (D.dn't Marjorie Morningstar 
make it in Hollywood?) 

Millicent felis us she has genius 
P,Xr ^'•- '^auff.nan teils us she is 
Hh. Beta Kappa. But Millicent is colos- 
sall\ Ignorant and inane in her vari- 
ous roles: politically, socially and in 
all her Jnter-personal relationships, as 
flaughler, sister, friend and lover. 

bhe wants to go into politics, al- 
Ihough we never know why. She 

he A-bonib; she wishes the Republican 
I art, would lepudiate Senator Joe 
Mc(.arthy; she knows the U.S. will 
have to intervene in Korea after North 
Korea atlacked" South Korea. She 
(loesn I know how l,, "get into" poli- 


lies in her owii coiimiunity. Yf». gads! 
What courses did this young lady lake 
at the University of Chicago, what 
books did she read, what "bull ses- 
sions" did she have? Her thoughts and 
comnients on politics form a meaning- 
less, infrequency referred to backdrop. 
No one takes them seriously. 

When Milliceni tnoves into her 

own apartnient and Starts enjoying 
the forbidden pots of flesh, she aban- 
dons her father's creed, breaks her 
mother's heart, etc., etc., etc.; shocks 
the Community, but beging to live, live, 
live. The instalments move inexorably, 
dully. Late, late, late in the book Milli- 
cent yearns for the older values of vir- 
ginity and a real, real, real wedding. 
How incredibly false and old-fash- 
ioned this is today! I can even imagine 
groups in high school sororities read- 
ing passages from the book could lose 
nothing but their laughter. 

Let me give you a glimpse of some 
of the other women in the book. There 
is Momma, stupid, cross, waiting for 
Millicent's Mr. Right to come along. 
Younger sister, Patty, is involved with 
her breasts, her clothes, period. By the 
way, I kept wondering about a Rabbi 
named Gordon whose wife's name is 
Lucinda. who names bis daughters 
Millicent, Audrey and Patt), and who 
has a woman in bis congregation 
named — Amethyst. Amethyst deserves 
mention. She is the secretary of the 
officers at the synagogue. After we 
first meet her she drives the new 
Rabbi Ed home. Here is part of their 
conversation. Amethyst to Rabbi Ed: 

— *'You must have been able to 
have a baby anytime you wanted." 

"Ya. I guess we did." 

'Must like that. Some people have 
I guess. I wish you'd give Marvin 

few lessons." 

"WeVe tried everylhing," she ex- 
plained. "And ihey teil us there's 


nothing physically wrong." 
"Well, keep trying." 
"I'm terribly unfulfilled," she said. 
'*You have such good looking children. 
Well, it's no wonder I guess." Her 
voice became low and murmuring. 
*'Everybody says you're really too 
good looking to be a rabbi." — 

I'm not being cruel. I could have 
chosen any of a thousand examples. 

Blessedly, I have resolutely blocked 
out a host of minor women characters 
and I don't want to dredge them out 
of oblivion. But who can forget Mrs. 
Hollander, our interne's mother? 
Thus, she says, "I don't believe in 
waste. Elvery penny I spent on myself, 
I always feit was out of the mouths 
of my children . . . But I suppose it's 
wrong to expect gratitude from a 
child. My Jackie has no gratitude 
either. The younger one gets it from 
the older one. Their mother's just a 
door mat. As soon as they're both 
through school and on their feet, I'U 
commit suicide and I'll be out of their 

Morris, this is not a put on. This 
character was intended to be played 

In their own way. no matter what 
their age or Station in life, the women 
in this novel wear their penis envy 
like lode stones around their necks. 
Theoretically. whether right or wrong, 
Mr. Freud was a thinker of infinite 
complexity and subtlety; Mr. 
Kauffman is not. 

For example, when Millicent is ap- 
plying for a job, she notices the eyes 
of her Potential employer "glance for 
an instant at her ehest, and it irritated 
her. . . . Even if he meant nothing 
lascivious. his eyes must check your 
breasts as if they were a yellow badge." 
Wow! I think Mr. Kauffman, as well 
as Millicent, may have some problems, 
if he dreamed up such a simile. 

Finally, is this a Jewish novel? Let 

> i 

inc quote this and ihen perhaps, you 
ran teil me. 

Chapter eight opens thus: 
—"Okay/' Habhi Ed Gordon said to 
his sons, '1et's say grace." He began 
the Grace After Meals from memory, 
seated at the end of the long, un- 
painted kitchen table. Charles and 
Koland gave the opening responses. 
. . . Ed proceeded, watching l3ie 
boys . . . Meanwhile, his hands list- 
lessly and absent-mindedly helped to 
clean his end of the table. With a 
butter knife, he scraped some crumbs 
from the wood into a saucer, still say- 
ing the grace. ... 

"'Here, stupid, 
wipe," said Patty. 

"I haven't finished 
Roland told her. 

"Well, say it faster," she said.— 
Millicent finds no guide to her per- 
plexities in her father's cliches. Buf, 
let's be honest, Millicent is so incapable 
of solving Problems that I doubt 
whether Buber, Camus or Maimonides 
could have helped her. Now is this 
a Jewish novel? Do a defeated rabbi 
and a Bar Mitzvah a Jewish novel 

it s 

your turn to 
grace, yet," 


h's hf^Pti easy to scoff and make 

Nakedness and it deserves every barb. 
Nevertheless, it is scary, because its 
values are all false, all a litillation of 
bes. This family Js not real, its cen- 
tral Problems are simplisüic and their 
Solutions are forced into a mold that is 
turgid and strangling. It would appear 
that neither Millicent nor her creator 
ever heard of Doris Lessing or Simone 
de Beauvoir. Millicent's father seems 
unaware of the currents of theological 
turmoil that beset all religions, includ- 
ing Judaism, after World War II. The 
Rabbi's long string of personal humili- 
ations seem unwarranted, untrue and 
utterly shallow. Are they an attempt 


pROM Feh. 28 to March 10, cur 
■*- editor, Morris U. Schappes, 
will be visiting in Los Angeles on a 
lecture tour at the invitation of the 
L. A. Jewish Currents Committee. 
"A Welcoming Banquet" for him 
will be held Sun., March 2. For 
reservations, and for information 
about his lectures in the area, call: 

Thelma Brenner, Committee Chair- 
man, 654-1968, 

or Jeannette D. Brooks, Co-Ch., 

or Minnie Frankel, 654-9461. 

This is Mr. Schappes' first trip to 
Los Angeles since he became the 
editor in 1958. We urge all sub- 
scribers and readers in Los Angeles 
to avail themselves of this unique 
opportunity to attend his lectures, 
meetings and discussions. And bring 
your friends! 

to reflect the problems of trying to 
reinvigorate Judaism against the in- 
difference of a dwindling congrega- 
tion? His personal ethic is to repeat 
that the marriage bed is happier than 
the sofa bed. He is too weak to win 
his daughter or the reader to any 
morality. In Thy Daughter s Nakedness 
there is a great deal of "plot," a fine 
sprinkling of death and stress, there 
IS an overload of anatomical, etherized, 
descriptive sex, but there is no an- 
guish, no passion, no truth. Therefore, 
it is a bad book. However, it will make 
a lot of money as a movie. 

And there, Morris, is my honest but 
truncated opinion. Shall I return the 


Jkwisk Currents 



%>■■' I k' *> w 


Opinions expressed in letters are not necessarily those of the maga- 
zine. Letters will not be published unless accompanied by the name 
and address of the ivriter. Names ivill be wUhheld from publication on 
request, — Ed. 

A Wonderjul Gift 

Enclosed fiiui tlieck for $1 for a 
)ear's suhscriplion to he senl to a 
friend. If possible. caii it start with 
your wonderful Jul\ -August, 1968 
jssue ? 
Brooklyn, July 9 J. G. K. 

On Joyce^s Ulysses 

! appreciaUnl. in the June issue, the 
piece on James Joyce and Ulysses. I 
vvonder if I missed a rather stimulat- 
ing refereiiee in. 1 helieve, Molly 
Bh)()ni's solilo(|uy. u herein she reealls 
the knovvledire-gatherinji LeopokI s Ob- 
servation to her that "Jesus was the 
first comniunist" (socialist?). 

Joyce, in his «^oing-forth in search 
of neu Sprintes of truth and life in 
vouth. apparently niet up with the 
buhün socialists. He left Ireland in 
1901. In Zu rieh and Trieste and Korne 
he mingied with worknien. poUtical 
aetion refugees, radicals, and was not 
unaware either of socialist congresses 
or the aftermath of the Dreyfus affair, 
when he moved to Paris later. . . . 

Incidentally, someone ought to do a 
piece on Joyce's jewish friends — of 
which there are niany w herever he 
lived on the Confinent, and of all 
classes — his relations with those of 
them who became his close friends and 
sometimes his apostles (especially 
Paul Leon, whose widow may still be 

February, 1969 

alive), and in parlicuiar. Jo\<e*s acts. 
when under great duress hiinself. in 
<;elting a reported 11 to 1 1 Jews out of 
Vichy France to safety in Knjiland. 
before the Nazi advance. Joyce's 
(probably only) grandchild. Stephen, 
is part Jewish. 

Apparently Joyce's "socialist" read- 
ing was heavily on the anarcho-syn- 
dicalist side — but these were early 
\ears for sot'ialist theory and practice, 
and not unusual for the tinie. Had he 
not" found it necessary to ''work like a 
mole in the earth" as a literary revolu- 
tionist for the rest of his life. he woukl 
undoubtedly have penetrated more 
deeply into and had some niore defmite 
relation to "socialism'" in one form 
or another. 

Thal he was not entireh unaware of 
all modern scientific socialist theories 
is revealed in one letter to his brother 
Stanislaus ( I think before World War 
I) in which, despite his strong feel- 
ing for the Irish cause in whatever 
era or garb, he states that he cannot 
see success for Ireland in the fight 
hecause "she has yet to produce a 
Proletariat." (These quotations are 
really paraphrases. I 

Incidentally, Frank Cantor states 
"Joyce saw the Odyssey as an essen- 
tially Semitic book." but does not 
clarify. What Jovce feit was that the 
Odyssey could have been, quite con- 
ceivabiy, written in Phoenicia or under 
Phoenician influence — and reasons for 



Hi.eN. Hho ad lelje ,„":;;'''"' l"' -n"- -wl I),-. He,:io.. 
"he humani.ies. an 'n h^ L 1 " A '"r''*^^r"»'ether i„ «cience, 
/Ve,. YorL Dec. 2 l« « ^ '"' '^""'■"' ""'«''•''' «^ '"«"''ind 

Ihal helief aie jiiven either in Jovce-s 
«<»ilv Ol- in the «„rk.s „f ihose who 
kn.-« I,„„ ;,„,! ,ep,„i |,is ,„„ve,sa- 
^••"s. • . . Maktha VI„.,.kt 

Froin ff y«i,„^, Ratlical 

In your,alion >,.u have calied 
l»r a .l.aoj-ue «iti, the younj- Jewisli 
raduals. I presenl i,n.self heie as one 
Ol Ineni. 

1 have »ritten to you „n.-e ,„■ fwice 

^de touards , ,e ew. <|„,.i„j, W,.,ld 
Wa, II. whKh 1 believe ,o J>e a cruciai 
hiM.,nral truth all too often i-mored 
"or only l,y defender.s „f the American 
System l.ut l,y the radicals wh.. are 



li^^l 9^ -AMERICAN. 

.^AMUKi, D. Shrut, Ph.D. 

supposed to l,e i„ „pposition to it. 
Ihe hornd la,-,. „f objective L.S. 
*"n,pl„ u „h (he \ were ignore.l 
on all SU es „f ,he uo|j ,|ehate „ver 
Hannah Arendts |,o„l „„ Kichmann. 
binoe then houever. the iruth has 
heen hroughl out in several hooks. Il 
«as d.scussed in an in.portant chapler 
Ol (.ideon Hausner's (the prcsecufor 
ot Lichmann) hook. Justice In 
Jerumlem. A rev.e« of Hausner's 
h<K)k n, the New York Review 
amounied to a conlinuation of the de- 
«ate on Miss Arendt's book in which 
the debater-reviewer weighted the 
scales by totally ignoring Hausner's 
chaiJter <,n hon the great allied powers 
had let down "the Utile man."' 

ßecause Hausner discussed the ques- 
tjon of II.S. complicity onlv in one 
chapfer. rev.ewers found it easier to 



in fhe 

mall — 

1 Year 

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3 Years 

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OutsJdt USA. «dd $1 p,r VMr 

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Encloserf find $ |„ check, mon.y. 

Order or cesh. Send 1-2-3 Year Sub to: 



of Arthur Morse's book, While Six 
Million üied, uhic^h is entirelv de- 
v(>ted to the question. Now, ' after 
Morse s book. there is no excuse for 
ignorance of this aspect of history bv 
anyone pretending to say soinetbino 
senous about the Jewish holocaust! 
Hovvever, Morse's book in toto has 
i)een ignored by inost of the ieftist 
progressive anti-imperialist and "un-' 
derground press in this country. . . . 
Itie U.S. Left is generally ignorine 
Ihe comp yuig role of U.S. imperialisni 
in regard to the Nazis' niass murder 
ot Jews (and its obvious implications 
tor Vietnam and the current anti-war 
movement), despite their loud protes- 
tations of international anfi-imperialist 

Jewish Currents 


whose 75th Birlhday was to be 

Feb. 26, 1%9 — Died Dec. 15, 1968 

ITe shall strive to continue 

his noble tvork. 


New York 


solidarity. What is most important is 
that all the facls be known and that 
the correcl* conclusions be drawn from 
them bolh by Jews of all political per- 
suasions and by radicals of all 

Elliot Green 
Philadelphia, Sept. 22, 1968 

[Morse's book has not been entirely 
ignored on the Left. Three long articles 
on the book appeared in the Morgen 
Freiheit, May 19, 20 and 24, 1968 and 
a sizeable review by Herbert Aptheker 
appeared in the Daily World, July 16, 
1968. The Minority of One also dis- 
cussed the book. Our review-article 
will appear probably in our next issue. 
But Mr. Green is right in calling at- 
tention to the fact ihat the meaning of 
Morse's book has not penetrated the 
New Left and even part of the Old 
Left, ouüside progressive Jewish cir- 
cles. — Ed,^ 

On Bernard Zakheim 

Thank you and Irene Pauli on her 
Story of Bernard Zakheim (Sept. is- 
sue). I met him 20 years ago in San 
Francisco and knew him intimately for 
over two years. I have been corres- 
ponding with him over these many 
years and have saved these letters. 
Perhaps it may be useful for someone 
who will write his biography. I also 
own one painting and a sculpture by 

Again I want to thank Irene Pauli 
on a beauliful characterization of my 
friend Bernard Zakheim. 

MuRRAY Zackin 
Jamaica, NY,, Sept, 26, 1968 

February, 1969 

In Memory of 

my brofher-in-law, 

life-Iong friend and comrade 


deparfed on Dec. 15, 1968 

and his sister 


departed on Dec. 21, 1966 

Max Mandel 

Berkeley, Calif. 

In rieh and lasting memory of 

SIMON schachter 

gallant gentleman, 
dedicated lawyer, 
devoted fraternalist, 
staunch friend, 
courageous fighter 
for human progress — 
from his many friends 
in the 

Metropolitan Club. 
New York 



For Five Friends 

Congratulations on your beautiful 
Sept., 1968 issue! 

Enclosed please find check for S2 to 
Cover cost of five issues for friends. 

A Happy J^e\v Year to all of you. 

Thet.mä Incalls 
New York, Sept. 1 1 

From Rabbi Feinberg 

Jewish Currents' July-Auv^ issue 
was really -xcellent — fine articles. For- 
mat, ex. I enjoyed it — as niuch as I 
can with m; very poor eyesi<»hf. 

Abraham L. Feinberg 
Toronto, Sept. 12 

On Edelman and Zakheim 

Your Sept. issue was a very special 
treat. Plrst, because of Joseph Edel- 
nian's story, "The Icenian Cometh 
Not." It transported nie to my child- 
hood in Chicaao, where we lived in a 
nei;.':hb()rhood that had only three Jew- 
ish faniilies and where we suffered un- 
told indiunities. Suddenly I found niy- 
self reinenibering ihe little wagon my 
father pul together from an old apple 
box and the wheels of a discarded 
baby carriap:e, which I, as the oldest, 
would take to the railroad yards, to 
the freight car from which blocks of 
ice were sold. I never ceased to be 
terrified of the gangs of boys who 
stood about and shouted ugly obsceni- 
ties. But since ice was an absolute 
necessity, the ordeal had to be en- 

Secondly, the article about Bernard 
Zakheim: we live just a 10-minute 
walk from the Judah Magnes Jewish 
Museum of the West, where bis mag- 
nificent, moving, dramatic sculptures 
are on exhibit. I have taken numerous 
guests to See them and each time they 
thrill and inspire me anew. 


Berkeley, Calif,, Sept. 30, 1968 

On Joseph Edelman\^ Siory 

Recently a friend sent me a copy of 
Jewish Curreivts. I was very de- 
lighted with the publication and very 
sad that I had not been aware of its 

It is very well written and contains 
many articles of great and varied in- 
terest. Frankly, one of the main rea- 
sons for my subscribing is the article 
contained in the Sept. issue by Joseph 

Plainfield, JS. J. Miami Beach 

(longratnlations to our helnvcd member 

on the niarriagc of her son 


If'e ivish them a happy and 

peacejul life. 

Holttnan-Edelstadi ReatUng Circle 

Congrafulations +o our 
Beloved Sister 


on the marriage of her son 


Our best wishes to them -for many years 

of happiness in a world of peace, justice 

and progress. 

Emma Lazarus Women'^s Club 

Miami Beach 

Greetings to 


and the Editorial Board 

In the fight for civil rights, 

peace and Jewish culture. 

Nachman Maisei Reading Circle 

Miami Beach* Fla. 



Jewish Currents 

Edelman, "The Iceman Cometh Not." 
For me and many Jews who lived 
ihrou^ih the era he depicts and who 
experienced similar horrors, the article 
breathed, il is truly süperb. What Jew 
has not known the "Belsens" he writes 
about? Is Mr. Edebnan a regulär con- 
tributor to your ma*2jazine? I look for- 
\Nard to reading more by him. Could 
von send nie bis a^Idress so I ean com- 
plinient him on his great article? I 
have shovvn and read it to many 
friends and they uere siinilarly im- 
pressed . . . 

Find my check for a subscription, 
and keep up the fine work. 

S. Blechman 
Onk Park, ///., Oct. 5, 1968 

Our Town Hall Concert 

Your Concert of Dec. was one of 
the nicest, and vve thank the Arrange- 
ments Conimittee most gratefully. 

Enclosed is niy humble contribution. 

Bektha Slutzky 
Brooklyn, N, 7.. Dec. 11, 1968 

Agttin on Zionism 

I am not pleased with your response 
to my little note printed in your Oct. 

What I tried to convey w^as: 
1. There would be no State of Israel 
toda^ were it not for Zionists. 

Gree+Ings to 


and Jewish Culfure 


Miami Beach, Fla. 


that despite the flu and extreme 
cold .'>() people turned out Dec. 21 
to the Hanuka Happening run by 
the New Haven Jewish Currents 
(iroup in Strathcona Hall at Yale. 
The happenings included songs and 
dances, vocal duets by a husband 
and wife, readings of poems in 
Yiddish and English by Sid Res- 
nick and Abigail Anonymous, and 
the voicing by Oscar Arbitman of 
the "thought that Walt Whitman 
sounded better in Yiddish than in 
the original." (Was the translation 
by the late Louis Miller, a well- 
known Yiddish poet?) The Hanuka 
Gelt sent to the oflice amounted to 
$8[1 — thank you! 

Those in Connecticut who want 
to attend the next discussion even- 
ing of the New Haven Group can 
get tinie and place froni Oscar 
Arbitman, (203) 634-0583. 

Heartfelt sympathy to 

in mcmory of their beloved brother 

Sara Levin Emma Lazarus Club 
of Chicago 

Congratulations to 

on their I5th Anniversary. 

JVe wish thein many years of health 
and happiness in a ivorld at peace 
— and to continue his splendid work 
and leadership as our chairman 

of the 

Miami Beach Jewish Currents 

William Tatelbaum. See, 

February, 1969 

2. Jews make it Härder for Israel by 
being anti-Zionist. 

3. It simply means playing into the 
hands of the Arahs, Russia, Poland, 

4. Thus I see great härm in harping 
against Zionism. 

5. Honest criticism of Israel is OK, 
but leave Zionism alone if you can'l 
see anything good about it. 

6. Your publication was never for Zi- 
onism. I wonder if it was for Israel 
in the old days. Everyone is on the 
bandwagon today. 

7. To quote you: ''Israel is bigger and 
hroader than Zionism,'^ 

8. Answer: "Israel would be more so, 
if there were more Zionists and pub- 
lications such as yours were in accord 


Frieda Peller, Brooklyn 
Tania Nitzberg 
Lillian Wc^isberg 



JAN. 16. 1967 
Sylvia. Ted and Arthur 

Notice to Former i^fettibers 
of the Cemetery Departmeni 

In case of death in the family, please bring 
with you the deed of the grave plot pur- 
chased from the Cemetery Department. 

For information regarding burial in N.Y.C. 

CALL COLLECT 212-342-1273. 

1. J. Morris^ Ine« 

Tel.: DI 2-1273 

In Hempstead L I.. Tel. is IV 6-2500 

Services arranged at all N.Y.C. chapels. 

with what they have done and what 
they continue to do. 
9. One is for an ideology or not for 
it. I place Jewish Currents in the 
latter category. 

Josephine Cohen 
Life Subscriber 
New York, OcL 28, 1968 
[About Miss Cohen's Point 6. When 
we began to publish in Nov., 1946, we 
were for a bi-national State in Pales- 
tine. After the U. N. Resolution of 
Nov. 29, 1947, we supported its rec- 
ommendations for a Jewish State in 
Palestine, an adjoining Arab State in 
Palestine linked with the Jewish State 
economically, etc. We supported Is- 
rael's War of Independence against the 
Arab violation of the U. N. Resolution 
by the invasion of Israel. Since then 
our guiding principle has been, "Israel 
is here to stay." — £rf.] 

About Frank Salenger 

My niece wrote this. If you think it 
is fit to print, please do. Thank you. 

GiTA Salenger 
The Bronx, N,Y. 

To Frank Salenger: 
Epitath for a Simple man: 

A simple man moves through life 

Unique and yet a counterpart of all 

Feeling what it is necessary for a 
man to feel. 

As natural to life as the wood bis 
hands stroked and carved. 

The emotions of the years etched 
upon bis face as in stone. 

Caught in the thousand decades of 
other men's egos. 

We are made aware of bis life most 
when he is gone. 

Cynthia Packerman 
Sept, 30, 1968 

Have you renetced your sub? 


Jewish Currents 

Bpqupsl from David Goldin 

David Goldin, a staunch and loyal 
(riend and devoted worker for the pro- 
gressive movement, passed away on 

July 13th, 1968. 

He lived in Los Angeles for several 
years. Before he returned to New York, 
from where he had come, and where 
he passed away, he wrote out a will 
in which he included a bequest of 
$101) for Jewish Currents. This sum, 
together with an additional $900, he 
left for various organizations in the 
progressive movement. 

Sadie Doroshkin and I were ap- 
pointed admisistrators to carry out his 
bequests. We are therefore enclosmg 
herewith a check for $100 for your 
magazine, as he set forth in his will. 
Los Angeles, Jan, 2 Jacob Aspiz 

Congrafu'atlons on your 50th 
wedding anniversary 

Rose and Rubin Krasner 

from your dauqhters. their husband. your 

grandchildren and your three darling 



Heartiest Congratulations 
to our beloved friend 


on her 80th Birthday 

May she continue to celebrate 

many, many more birthdays in 

a World at peace. 

Olive Bondadonna^ See. 

L. A. Jewish Currents 



1968 REPORT Jan. 1 

Fund Drive 
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Prof. Shmuel Eisenstadfs 

The Prophets: Their Time 
and Social Ideas 

is being franslafed into English 

by Max Rosenfeld 

(see specimen chapter on Arnos in 


Send Sponsorship from $10 to $100 

or Advance Subscription at $5 a copy to: 

Eisenstadt Book Committcc 

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106-08 Glenwood Rd., Brooklyn, N.Y. 11236 

February, 1969 










The new House of Represeutatives has 

18 Jewisli members (compared to 16 in the 
old C(in«iress) and two Jewish Senators 
(compared lo lliree) . . . Rhode Island 
elt'cted its firsi Jewish guvernor when Judj;e 
Frank Licht. President of the Providence 
Central Jewish Conimittee, defealed his Re- 
puhlican Opponent, Gov. John H. Chafee. 

Violntinff the pruiciple of Separation of 

church and state, the Post Office Department 
again issued a religious Christmas stainp, 
re|)r(Kkicing part of a painting, "The Annun- 
ciation," hy Jan van Eyck, 15t h Century 
Flemish painter. Nov. 28 the American 
Jewish 0)ngress protested. Dec. 25 
AJCongress also protested the use of a Star 
of David and a Hanuka menorah by the 
N. Y. State Lottery Cominission as an Illus- 
tration on its Dec. ticket, together with a 
picture of Santa Claus. . . . Dec. 5 Sherry 
Parker, daughter of a rahbi, was dismissed 
from the Iniversity of Pennsylvania March- 
ing Rand hy its executive conimittee of five 
students after she ohjecled to marching in 
a Tlianksgiving Day Parade in Philadelphia 
to the tune of (Jhristmas carols. Dec. 6 John 
A. Russell, vice-provost of student affairs, 
reinstated Miss Parker, overruling the de- 
cision of Mort Silverman, band President. 
. . . Dec. 5 the American Civil Liberties 
Union promised a court challenge in 1%9 
to the nativity scene in front of the City Hall 
\n Flint, Mich., after the City Commission re- 
jected an ACLU recjuest that it be re- 

In a 7/8 page ad in the N, Y. Times 

Dec. 15 the National Committee for a 
Political Settlement in Vietnam/Negotiation 
Now! (156 5th Ave., Rm. 516, N. Y. 10010) 
urged "A permanent cease-fire to follow*' 
the (^liristmas-Tet cease-fire; "A guarantee 
that the U.S. will not be the first to resume 
the fighting if a permanent cease-fire has 
not been agreed by that time" and "Early 
elections with all groups allowed to partici- 
pate, giving both sides a political alternative 

to viidence for bringing their programs to 
tlie people." Of the group's 32 member 
(iuiding (Jommittee, about one third are 
Jewish, inchiding Phil Raum of the Ameri- 
can Jewish (^ongress, Rabbis Irwin RIank 
and Ralfour Rrickiier, Albert Vorspan of the 
Social Justice Commission of the Union of 
American Hel)rew Congregations (Reform) 
and Mrs. Ethel Morrison, National Associa- 
ti(m of Temple Sisterhoods (Reform). . . . 
Dec. 22 a füll page ad in the N. Y. Times 
announced the Norman Thomas Endowment 
at the New School for Social Research (66 
W. 12 St., N. Y. 10011) for a Professorship 
and 10 Graduate Fellowships at the New 
School; contributions are tax deductible. 
Of the International Sponsors Committee, 
about one third are Jewish, including David 
Ren-Gurion, Leon J. Davis, Rabbis 11. Rruce 
Ehrman and Samuel M. Silver. Pierre 
Mendes-France, Yehudi Menuhin and Hans 
Morgenthau. . . . Nov. 20 a five-column ad 
in the A'. F. Times announced formation of 
the International Committee to Defend 
Eldridge Cleaver, 555 Hudson St., N. Y. 
10004, Nathan H. Schwerner, Treas., to raise 
funds to pay Cleaver's legal expenses and 
Protest bis prosecution, in California. 
Oi the 139 members of the Committee, 
about one third are Jewish, including Jules 
Feiffer, Stanley Kauffman, Norman Mailer, 
Arthur Miller, Victor Rabinowitz, Harvey 
Swados, Arnold Wesker and Howard Zinn. 

Six Jordanian pilots and 15 grounil crew 

have been training since Sept. at the Home- 
stead Air Force Rase ne:?r Miami, Fla. Ac- 
cording to the Jewish Floriilian, the Arab 
trainees have been buying up Smith and 
Wesson 38 calibre revolvers from Miami 
gunshops and have been ordering other 
small arms. 

400 Hartem residents attendetl a 

(I inner Dec. 6 at the N. Y. Hilton to honor 
Bernard J. Rosen, head of the Cauldwell- 
Wingate firm that sponsored and built the 
1,875-family Esplanade Gardens, Harlem 
middle-inconie cooperative. He employed 
many Negroes in all phases of the work. 


Jewish Currents 


The Bureau of the International Feder- 

lion of Anti-Nazi Resistance Fij^lilcrs, at a 
tlirce-day Conference in \ icnna in Dec, 
repndiatcd attacks on Israel niade hy the 
l*olisli (ielc<iali(Mi. Kepresentativcs ol 70 
orjianizalions from 21 countries altendinj; 
rcjccU'd a l^olish resolution proposinj? "con- 
denmation of Israel a^gression" and "im- 
nicdiatc witlidrawal from the »K-cnpied ter- 
rilorics." Instead, alter an address by Dr. 
A. IJennan of Israel, who is a member of 
the Ihircan, the Conference voted to call 
f(ir füll snpport to the Seciirity Council 
Resolution of Nov. 22, 1%7, which takes 
fully into acc(Uint the Icgilimate national 
rijihls of both Israel and Arabs. 

The VIS General Assenibly /Vor. 27 

adopted a Convention opposin«; a Statute of 
liinitations on prosecution of crimes against 
lunnanity (the West Germari Statute goes 
inio effcct on Jan. 1, 1970 unless it is re- 
pealed by the Hundesrath). The vote was 
58 for, 7 ajjainst and 36 abstaining (out of 
126 UN niembcrs). The 7 opposed were the 
ISA, England, Australia, El Salvador, Hon- 
duras, South Africa and Portugal. F'or the 
resolution were most of the Asian-African 
bloc, most Arab states, all the socialist states 
and Israel. 

Spain: In Madrid Dec, 16, 476 years 

alter Ferdinand and Isabella exi)elled the 
Jews from Spain, the Spanish government 
voidcd the order. The annulment order was 
read at ceremonies opening the first syna- 
goguc built in Spain in 600 years. Govern- 
ment and Catholic officials were present. A 
law passed Iwo years ago allows public 
worship to non-Catholic religions. The ex- 
pulsion order in 1492 drove about 200,000 
Jews into other Mediterranean and European 

India: In Cochin, Ker(da, Dec. 15, at 

a celebration of the 4000th annivcrsary of 
the synagogue of the "white Jews," Prime 
Minister Indira Gandhi gave an address on 
the Indian tradition of tolerance and said 
"mazcl tov" to the 78 white Jews of Cochin. 
Another Speaker was E. M. Namboodiripad, 
Kerala's Communist chief minister. Mrs. 
Gandhi made the 8-hour Hight to Cochin for 
the occasion to demonstrate that India's 
Support of the Arabs against Israel did not 
involve hostility to Indian Jews. The gov- 
ernment has issued a postage stamp for this 
400t h anniversary. The white Jews date their 
Coming to India to 70 A.D. The black Jews 
came 500 years ago. 

February, 1969 

VSSR: Dec. 24 a Soviel Aeroflot plane 

left New York with seven carlons of Jewish 
religious articles (prayer shawls and mezu- 
zas) to be delivered by advance arrangement 
to Rabbi Yehuda Leib Levin in Moscow. 
The shipment was sent by Rahbi Pinchas 
Teitz of Elizabeth, N. J., a Hasidic leader 
who guidcd Rabbi Levin in American Ortho- 
dox circles on bis visit to New York June 
18-July 2, 1%8. Rahbi Teitz said this was 
the ftrst time since 1917 that a Soviel 
government has allowed Jewish religious 
articles to be sent in. ... In Vihia (Vilnius), 
Lithuania, the 13tii season uf the local 
Yiddish People's Theater (amateur) began 
in Nov. With L. Luria hcading the ensemble, 
18 new young mcnd)ers have been added, 
who are now studying both theater arts and 
the Yi(hlish language. ... In Kovno 
(Kaunas), Lithuania, the furniture-factoiy 
worker Yitzhok Yonis, has been organizing 
groups of Jewish children for the study uf 
Yiddish in voluntaiy extra-curricular 
courses. ... In Oct. and Nov., the Yiddish 
1'heatre Ensemble headed hy Benjamin 
Shvarzer gave almost 50 Performances of 
plays by Sholem Aleichem and Abraham 
Goldfaden in Kishcnev, Chernovets, Simfero- 
pol, Dniepropetrovsk, Zaporozhie, Kirovgrad, 
Krivoirog, Donetsk, Yalta, etc., with two 
permormances in such eitles as Kishenev 
and (Jhernovets. The Company consists of 
10 actors and a few young apprentice- 
actors. In Dec. the Company gave eight Per- 
formances in Moscow. ... In Moscow, 
Science and Religion, atheist monthly, in 
Sept., Oct. and Nov. published three sec 
tions of a forthcoming book, Against 7Jonism, 
by Yuri Ivanov (see our issues of Sept., 
1967, p. 15 and April, 1968, p. 23 for com- 
ment on anti-Semitic material in bis "anti- 
Zionist" articles). In bis new book, Ivanov 
defines the aim of Zionism as world doni- 
ination— a Standard thesis of Standard anti- 
Semitism. Science and Religion has 270,000 
circulation. The bo(>k is being issued by the 
State Publishing House for Political Liter- 
ature in Moscow in 75,000 copies. ... In mi(l- 
Dec. Moscow Radio "Peace and Progress" 
in its broadcasts to West Africa carried 
the outrageous charge that Israel was using 
West German doctors who had carried out 
sterilizalion experiments for Hitler to steril- 
ize Arabs on the West Rank to reduce the 
Arab birthrate! ... In Sehezh, Russia, 
birthplace of the Old Bolshevik Simon 
Dimanshtein (1886-1936?), Commissar for 
Jewish AfTairs unjustly executed in the 
purges, the local museum opened a special 
department in Nov. devoled to bis work. 

M. U. S. 


Annual Conference 


Readers and Supporters 

Saturday. Feb. 15. 1969 

10 A.M. +o5 P.M. 

Fraternal Clubhouse, 25 West 

39 St.. New York, Room "J" 

10 A.M. —Report by Morris U. 
Schappes for the Editorial 
Board and Management 
Chairman, Sam Pevzner 

2 P.M.— Discussion of proposed 
1969 fund-raising and circula- 
tion plans 

John Henrik Clarke, "The 
Meaning of Negro History" 
Chairman, Isabel Pearlman 

Registration fee, induding 
Box Lunch: 
$3.75 for organizational delegates 
$2.75 for individual observers 

Send Registration NOW to: 


22 E. 17 St.. N. Y. 10003 

WA 4-5740 


Departure date: 
May 10, 1969 — 22 doys. 

Take advantage of 
an inexpensive trip 

fo fhe U.S.S.R. 

Get acquainted 
with the people. 

See for yourself. 



Everything included. 

Visit MOSCOW, 




$710.00 (2 in a room) 

The booking is done through 

Mrs. Sophie M. Gerson — 

This tour has been organized by 


experienced traveler y 

who will be your guide. 

For detailed itinerary write to: 

Mrs. S. M. Gerson, Box J, 


1776 BROADWAY, N. Y. 10019 
Phone: (212) PL 7-9595 

f^paldatEnglewood, N.J. 07631 


m^E2~, •■ 


^ t 
















lA* *.^> s^l 



LIFE-6I7E bronze bust of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is presented to The New York 
Public Library' s Schomburg Collcction of Ncgro Literature and History by The 
National Council of Jewish Womcn. Participating in presentation ceremonies are 
artists Mrs. Erna Weill (right) of Traneck, who created the bust and Mrs Josephine 
S. Weiner, national president of the Jewish Womsn's Organization. 







it ' 




Beergarden, Turnverein 
und Gemütlichkeit 

Richard O'Connor: The German-Americans (Linie, Brown) 

Ein Buch eines amerikanischen 

Autors, das sich vornimmt, die 

Vergangenheit und Gegenwart 

der ^'Bindestrich - Amerikaner" 

darzustellen, der Deutsch-Ame- 
rikaner und ihrer Nachkömm- 
linge, ihre Leistungen und ihren 
Einfluss auf Gelsit und Gesicht 
ihrer Wahlheimat: das lässt auf- 
horchen, denn die bestehende Li- 
teratur über das Deutsch-Ameri- 
kanertum ist zwar seit langem 
reichhaltig, aber qualitativ nicht 
überwältigend. Leider vermehrt 
da^ neue Buch von O'Connor wie- 
derum nur die Quantität, nicht 
aber die Qualität: es enthält ei- 
nige gute Elemente, sündigt aber 
daneben auf hunderterlei Gerie- 
ten. Vor allem leidet es darunter, 
dass der Autor kein Deutsch 
kann, denn er zitiert nur en-g- 
lischsprachige Quellen, und ohne 
Verwertung der zahlreichen ame- 
rikanischen Zeitungen, Bücher, 
Kirohenregister, Vereinsproto- 
kolle in deutscher Sprache kann 
man im Grunde ein solches Buch 
nicht schreiben. 

O'Connor steht, trotz einiger 
deutscher Vorfahren mütterli- 
cherseits, auf die er einige Male 
hinweist, ausserhalb der von ihm 
beschriebenen Volksgruppe. Das 
ist an sich ein Vorteil: er emp- 

findet für sie weder Liebe noch 
Hass, — aber er macht sich weid- 
lich über sie lustig. Er verspot- 
tet "teutonischen Ordnungssinn", 
Biergenuss, "Gemütlichkeit", Sau- 
erbraten, Turnvereine, Arbeits- 
eifer und Spi essbürge rtum und er 
beklagt, dass die Deutsch-Ameri- 
kaner zur amerikanischen Gel- 
stesentwicklun^ so wenig beige- 
tragen haben — womit er frei- 
hch etwas ungerecht ist. 

Am grössten ist diese Unge- 
rechtigkeit in Bezug auf die Ge- 
genwart: die deutschen Emigran- 
ten, die dem Hitlerregime den 
Rücken kehrten und Wirtschaft 
und Kultur Amerikas unerhört 
bereiclierten, werden von ihm so 
gut wie gar nicht berücksichtigt, 
— ausser dass er einmal den Na- 
men Paul Tillich beiläufig er- 
wähnt. Mit dem "Bund" und 
ähnlichen Naziversuchen, in 
Amerika Fuss zu fassen, setzt er 
sich freilich recht gründlich aus- 

Am besten ist der Verfasser im 
Wiedererzählen von Anekdoten 
und amüsanten Episoden aus 
dem von ihm beschriebenen Per- 
sonenkreis. Uas ist hübsch und 
flott lesbar: aber genügt das, um 
ein so weitgespanntes und wich- 
tiges Thema zu behandeln? 

Hans Steinitz 

Tagebuch eines Herzkranken 

Yehuda Resten: "Diary of a Heart Patient" 
(McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York 1968) 

Yehuda Kesten, in Deutsch- 
land geboren, wirkte vor seinen 
beiden Herz-Operationen als 
Journalist in Israel — und ar- 
beitet nun wieder in meinem 
Feld. Was dazwischen liegt, ist 
die Handlung des Buches, des- 
sen Spannung nur zum Teil dem 
ausgezeichneten Stil zuzuschrei- 
ben ist. 

Die Entdeckung der Krank- 
heit, des gefürchteten und als 
unheilbar bezeichneten "Marfan 
Syndrome" und die Reise von Is- 
rael nach Texas, au dem jetzt 
weltberühmten Herz-Spezialisten 
Dr. DeBakey. Kurze Rückblenden 
auf Kindheit, Jugend, eine ge- 
schiedene E3he. Der Krankenhaus- 
Staat des grossen Arztes in Hou- 

ston, mit seinen unendlichen 
Ausdehnungen und Anlagen und 
Punktionen, mit seinem Stab von 
Ärzten und Personal, mit den an- 
deren Patienten. Beziehungen 
zwischen Ärzten und Patienten, 
zwischen den Patienten selbst. 
Die Ängste und Selbstsucht und 
Tempera mentsausibrüche des 
Kranken, ebenso wie seine Mo- 
mente der Grösse und Hoffnung. 
Die schwierige Herz-Ohirurgie, 
vom Patienten aus gesehen, er- 
lebt und verstanden und dadurch 
dem Publikum verständlich. Die 
Hingabe von Ärzten, Familie, 
Freunden. Die körperlich und see- 
lisch schwere Erfahrung der er- 
sten Operation und die Notwen- 
digkeit der aweiten. Der endliche 


Nur für Neu-Abonnenten 


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für 1 Jahr $11.00 n 2 Jahre ...$20.00 □ 


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Anbei mein Scheck □ Money Order □ 

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New York, N. Y. 10023 

Wir senden in Ihrem Namen eine schöne Geschenkkarte. 


Erfolg als Zeugrnis wissenschaft- 
licher Kunst und menÄchlichen 

Dies sind nur einige Punkte 
aus dem Beridht, den ein 
Schriftsteller von Begabung und 
Einsicht zu einem Dokument me- 
dizinischer Leistun.? und ehrli- 
cher Menschlichkeit gemacht hat. 

Hilde Marx 



Hadassah Luncheons 
und Catsicills . . • 

Sara Sandberg: "My Sister 

Goldie" (Doubleday & Co., Inc., 

New York 1968) 

Auf der nicht mehr ganz neu- 
en Welle von Erfolgen wie "The 
Goldbergs" und gewissen Stük- 
ken von Harry Golden reitet 
Sara Sandberg ihrem eigenen 
schriftstellerischen Erfolg zu, der 
in geeigneten Kreisen gesichert 
scheint. Nach ihrem ersten Buch 
"Mama Made Minks" setzt sie 
die gefälligen Geschichten einer 
guten jüdischen Familie fort mit 
"My Sister Goldie". Schauplätze 
der Handlung sind Hadassah 
Luncheons, Catskill-Hotels und 
ähnliche Jagdgründe für die 
sprichwörtliche jüdische Mama, 
die auf Männerjagd für ihre bei- 
den Töchter ist. 

Die Sprache ist die berühmte 
Mischung aus ABC-Englisch und 
Herz-Jüdisch. Die Atmosphäre 
klebt ein bisschen von Sentimen- 
talität und Urhumor, oder an- 
geblichem Urhumor — und das 
ist nicht einmal abfällig gemeint. 
Man lächelt, man lacht, man 
vergisst; dazwischen seufzt man 
gelegentlich: Sorgen haben die 
— und das vielleicht gemischt 
mit ein wenig Neid, weil die Zei- 
ten solcher Sorgen endgültig 
vorbei sind. 

Eine kurze Biographie Sara 
Sandbergs informiert uns, dass 
sie "Summa cum laude" von der 
New Yorker Universität gradu- 
iert hat, dass sie sich aber von 
einer Fortsetzung ihrer Studien 
abhalten liess von ihrer Mutter, 
die fürchtete, zuviel Gelehrtheit 
würde ihren Chancen bei heirats- 
willigen Männern Abbruch tun. 
Drum, drum. 

H. M. 

Denkmäler in Berlin 

Verlag Haude & Spener 

"Wat stellt denn die Puppe da 
oben vor?" fragt Glassbrenners 
Eckensteher Nante. Die Antwort 
ist: "Det linke Been". Das tun 
dann auch die Herren Standbil- 
der, nur, dass es manchmal das 
rechte ist. Soviel grundsätzlich 
über die Denkmäler der ehema- 
ligen Reichshauptstadt. 

Erhard Ingwersen hat sie ge- 
sammelt. Er hat Glück gehabt, 
dass die Siegesallee, wie er in 
seinen amüsanten Glossen zu 
den Statuen schreibt, längst ver- 
gessen ist. Denn sonst hätte 
seine Arbeit den Rahmen der 
Buchreihe "Berlinische Reminis- 
zensen" gesprengt. 

Wir bekommen trotzdem noch 
viele Standibilder gekrönter 
Häupter, Staatsmänner und Hei- 


47 EAST 77 ST. 




Lynn Kottier Galleries 

3 E. 65 ST., N.Y.C. • JAN. 12 . 25 




Lynn Kottier Galleries 

3 E. 65 ST^ N.Y.C. • JAN. 12 - 25 

Eine Büste Martin Luther Kings in der New York Public Library 
Der National Council of Jewish Women hat der Schomburg: Collec- 
tion, die aus Werken von und über Neg^ren besteht, eine lebens- 
S^rosse Bronzebüste Martin Luther King:s zum Geschenk g^emacht. 
Bei der feierlichen Überg^abe der Büste waren (von links) der Di- 
rektor der Bibliothek Edward G. Freehafer, die Leiterin der New 
Yorker Branchen, Mrs. Jean O. Godfrey, die Bildhauerin Erna Weilt, 
die die Büste schuf, Josephine S. Weiner, die Präsidentin des Na- 
tional Council of Jewish Women und der Kurator der Schombrg^- 
CoUection, Mrs. Jean B. Hutson zug^egen. 

Pittsburgher Triennale 
ohne Preise 

Die nächste, im Jahre 1970 
stattfindende Pittsburgher Trien- 
nale wird sich von den vierund- 
vierzig bisher im Museum of Arts 
des Carnegie Institute veranstal- 
teten Ausstellungen nicht allein 
durch die neue Bezeichnung "In- 
ternationale Ausstellung zeitge- 
nössischer Kunst" (statt ''zeitge- 
nössischer Malerei und Bildhau- 
erei") unterscheiden. Es wird 
auch — einer Mitteilung des Mu- 
seumdirektors Leon Anthony Ar- 
kus zufolge — keine Jury die Zu- 
erkennung irgendwelcher Preise 
vornehmen. Die Repräsentativ- 
ausstellung soll nicht, wie bis- 
her, von mehreren hundert 
Künstlern mit Einzelobjekten be- 
schickt werden, sondern von et- 
wa 75 bis 100 bedeutenden Ma- 
lern und Bildhauern, die eine um- 
fassende Werkauswahl zeigen. 
Die Museumsverwalter und in- 
ternationale Kunstsachverstän- 
dige beschlossen, die Bedeutung 
der Triennale durch Verlegung 
des Hauptgewichts von der Na- 
tionalität der ausstellenden 
Künstler auf deren individuelle 
Leistungskraft zu erhöhen. 

den geliefert. Bis auf den Gros- 
sen Kurfürsten von Andreas 
Schlüter scheinen mir die Denk- 
mäler künstlerisch alle an die 
Zeit ihrer Entstehung gebunden 
zu sein. Unter den modernen 
Standbildern dürfte die in Be- 
ton gegossene Heinrich-Zille-Fi- 
gur von Paul Kentsch am ein- 
drucksvollsten sein, was von 
Grzimelcs bronzenem Heinrich 
Heine (1958 enthüllt) nicht zu 
sagen ist. Bemerkenswert aber 
die Barlach nachempfundene 
Käte Kollwitz-Figur von Gustav 

Der grösste Teil der wirkungs- 
voll aufgenommenen Photos 
sind von dem Verfasser. Es ist 
ihm gelungen, mit diesem Buch 
einen wertvollen Beitrag zum 
Verständnis der Geschichte 
der Stadt Berlin zu leisten. 







Bet. 27th A, 28th SU., New York 10001 

PHONE 684-4230 

Der "Aufbau" bringt jedem 
etwas. Es gibt kaum ein Wissens- 
gebiet, das auf seinen Seiten 
nicht behandelt wird. 


ner Dix 

Fackelträg^er Verlag, Hannover 

Das Buch "Otto Dix, Hand- 
zeichnungen" gibt einen faszinie- 
renden Einblicic' in das graphi- 
sche Schaffen des Künstlers, in- 
dem es uns in chronologischer 

Folge durch die verschiedenen 
Phasen seiner Entwicklung führt. 
Zuerst Icommen die tastenden 
Jugendzeichnungen, die Dix zum 
eckig-zackigen Expressionismus 
bringen; dann die Eindrücke des 
ersten Weltkrieges und der In- 
flation, teilweise mit Gros^cher 
Schärfe und sehr vereinfachten 
Linien. Die im Stil der "Neuen 
Sachlichkeit" gesehenen Akte 
und Dirnenzeichnungen bilden 
ein Kapitel von ungewöhnlichem 
Interesse, in dem sich die Eteka- 
denz der zwanziger Jahre spie- 

Nach seiner Vertreibung aujs 
der Akademie während der Hit- 
lerjahre wird Dix zum Land- 
schafter mit fast klassisch anmu- 
tenden Interpretationen der Na- 
tur. Das Buch schlies3t mit den 
späteren Arbeiten, bis in das 
Jahr 1966. 

Die Auswahl und Reproduktion 
der Blätter in diesem glanzvollen 
Werk ist musterhaft, und der 
klare und üfbersichtliche Begleit- 
text dringt in die komplexe Per- 
sönlichkeit des Künstlers ein, 
ohne jedoch zu fachtechnijsch 
zu werden. 

M. B. 


Der Karikaturist und Maler 
Henry Meyer-Brockmann ist ei- 
nen Tag vor seinem 56. Geburts- 
tag in München gestor^n. Der 
gelernte Buchdrucker und Gra- 
phiker war jahrelang Meister- 
schüler von Olaf Gulbransson. 
Die aggressiven politischen Ka- 
rikaturen Meyer-Brockmanns im 
"Simplicissimus" haben ihm ver- 
schiedene Prozesse eingetragen. 

Meyer-Brockmann vereinfachte 
seine Modelle in seinen harten 
eckigen satirischen Zeichnung?en 
bis zur Formel. Neben politischen 
Satiren schuf Meyer-Brockmann 
Metallgraphiken, Wandmalerei- 
en, Porträts und Landschaften. 
Er selbst bezeichnete sioh als ei- 
nen verhinderten Idealisten und 
"Hofnarren der Demokratie". 


to exhibit in sroup or one-tnan sltows. 
AU Media. Well-establlshed Gallerj. 
Call or write: 


3 E. föth St., NYC RE 4-3491 





:, Englewood, N.J. 
'^pald at Englewood, N.J. 07631 


^ t 

S' i '^Ä'S 







LIFE-SI7E bronze bust of Dr. Martin Luther King. Jr. is presented to The New York 
Public Library's Schomburg Collection of Negro Litera^ture and History by The 
National Council of Jewlsh Women. Participating in pr^entation ceremonies are^ 
artists Mrs. Erna Welll (right) of Tr^aneck, who created tüte bust and Mrs JosepJ;»^ 
S. Weiner, national President of the Jcwish Womsn's organi;^tion. ' ^ 

Edltori all 

Moderi Artists Exbibit it FDU 



Martin Luther King, Jr., is in- 
. cluded in the current Modern 
Artists Guild exhibit at Fair- 
leigh Dickinson University's 
Edward Williams College in 

The head, by Erna Weill of 
Teaneck, was begun shortly 
after Dr. King's appearance, 
under the auspices of Falrleigh 
Dickinson University, in the 
Orrie de Nooyer Auditorium 
(Bergen County Techincal and 
Vocational High School) Hack- 
ensack, October 29, 1966, Mrs. 
Weill, in planning and working 
on the sculpture, used photo- 
grpahs taken by Student photo- 

graphers of the University at a 
reeeption preceding Dr. King*s 

The Teaneck sculptor has 
stated that profits from sales 
of the work in either plaster 
or bronze will be donated to a 
memorial fund for Dr. King. 

The exhibit at Edward Will- 
iams College will be open dur- 
ing university hours until June 
7. Admission is free. 

MONDAYS - 2 P^. 

FDU Awards 

Continued from Page 4 

son, N.Y. Professor Emeritus, 
Jlnglish Department; Mrs. Adele 
^er Edge, Even- 



^^1^ V'-^. 

ON EXHIBIT — Sculpturcd 
hcad of Dr. Martin Luther 
King Jr. is in the Modern 

Artists Guild exhibit at Fair- 
leigii Dickinson University*s 
Edward Williams College in 
Hackensack. It is by Erna 
Weill of Teaneck. The exhibit 
is free and continucs untili 
June 7. 

lanceilor of Philathea College, London, Ontario. 

National President Mrs. Leonard Weiner presents bust of 
Dr. Martin Luther King to the Schomburg Collection of 
the New York Public Library. With her are (from left) Mrs. 
Edward Freehafer, Director of the Library, Erna Weill, 
sculptress and Council member, and Mrs. Jean Hutson! 

Some of the inadequacies, and at times, ineffi- 
ciencies of the poverty program have caused con- 
cern even among supporters, and a desire to find 
effective alternatives. One such was introduced in 
the last Session of Congress bearing the catchy 
title of "Community Self-Determination Act." 

The proponents of this measure describe it as a 
"fundamentally new approach to the Problems of 
Iower-income communities. It is based not on gov- 
ernmental paternallsm, but on local self-help, own- 
ership and decision-making." The proposal provides 
for the establishment of new financial Institutions to 
be financed by the purchase of $5 shares by resl- 
dents of a Community, tax incentives to industrial 
firms which will furnish technical know-how and 
managerial skills to make these local corporations 
viable, and some föderal financial assistance. It Is 
also contemplated that out of the profits of busi- 
nesses established under thIs system, social Ser- 
vices will be provided to members of the Community. 
The philosophy of the new Administration ap- 
pears to be that private industry can do much and 
perhaps assume most of the responsibility for im- 
proving the plight of the economically deprived. 
The Community Self-Determination proposal is pre- 
sumably a means of achleving this, and has the 
Support of President Nixon, who is determined to 
give such responsibility to private Industry. 

The most penetrating analysls of the proposal 
comes from a prominent bank executive: "Tax In- 
centives carry appeal compared to other direct sub- 
sidies because prior approval Is not required each 
Step of the way betöre a corporatlon can act. Rather 
the Corporation "does its thing", and Claims Its ex- 
emptlons . . . Freedom to get things done of course 
carries wIth it the rii ■ ■ 



Awards will be given at the Biennial Convention to 
sections enrolling the most NCJW life members by 
March 15. Life membership in NCJW may be ob- 
talned for $150 and, if desired, may be paid over a 
period of two years. Partial payments will be eligible 
for Inclusion in figures submitted for the contest. 

One grand prize will be awarded to the section 
achleving the highest overall percentage of life 
memberships. Other awards will go to three sections 
in each size category— large-large, large, medium 
and small — that enroll the greatest number. 

The new life membership contest is being held in 
addition to the 75th Anniversary regulär member- 
ship competitlon, whose results will also be an- 
nounced at Convention. Awards include a tour to 
Israel for two, a gold and diamond pin designed by 
Harry Winston and a handsome graphic by artist 
Jack Levine. The winners' names will be drawn by 
lot. Council women who enroll 10 or more new mem- 
bers will be eligible for the pin; those who bring In 
at least one new member will be eligible for the tour, 
and those who enroll one to nine new members will' 
have a Chance at the graphic. 

The Convention will also present public relations 
and bulletin awards for sections that have mounted 
unusually effective public relations campaigns or 
produced high quality bulletins. 

Two New Department Heads, 
Two New District Reps Named 

Two new department heads and two new national 
district representatives have been appointed to 
NCJ\A/'s professional staff. 

Mrs. Helen Powers Is now head 
Development Depaj 

IK HommG Call 

VOl CCXXIi fjQ iii 

' • «. . • . . . • . 







Can For Acdon solveg problems, ente red tap^ 
mwen qnestioiui. IMal 279-7475 front 3 p.iii. to 7 p^nu 
MomUiy throagh Frlday, or write Call For Aettoiii 3S 
Caurch St./ Paterson, N* J* 07509. 

Tribute In Bronze 

rm a professional sculptor working on a bust.of 
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. which I want to donate to 
thc people of Paterson. 
My work is in the per- 
manent collections of 
Rutgers, Fairleigh Dick- 
inson University and 
Tel Aviv Museum in Is- 
rael, among other places. 
My usual Portrait fee is 
$1,000 which ril forgo, 
but I do need $200 to 
have the bust cast in 
bronze and put on a 
marble base. Can you 
help? Mrs. E. W., Tea- 

YOU HAVE $200 and 

4h^ promise of a prom- 
inent display in Pater? 
son City Hall. CheckI 
for $100 have been sent to you by Anthony J. Grossi 
and Stephen Dudiak on behalf of the Democratic and 
Republican Parties of Paisaic County. Mayor Lawrence 
F. Kramer is having a pedestal and plaque prepared. 
And he's arranging a formal cetemony so he can 
personally accept the bust on befaalf of the people 
of Paterson. * 








-./Hti. • 

,m tmt i» I *i — iw ■*■ 

Of MLK Added 
:homberg Group 


The National Council of 
Jewish Women presented a 
bronze bust of Dr. Martin 
Luther King, Jr. to The New 
York Public Library's 
Schomburg Collection of Negro 
Literature and History, recently. 
The Schomburg Collection, a 
distinguished reference and 
rcsearch library devoted to 
black life and history, is locatcd 
at 103 West 135th Street. 

(Mrs. Josephine S. Weiner, 
national president of the Jewish 
women's Organization, will 
present tbe life-size sculpture 
as a permanent tribute to Dr. 
King. In offering the gift to 
the Library, Mrs. Weiner has 

*'The National Council of 
Jewish Women, iike the rest 
of the civilized world, was 
deeply shocked at the sudden 
and violent passing of Dr. 
Martin Luther King, Jr. ... 
Dr. King was an American 
Negro, but in his concern for 
peace ard Ivs fellowmen, he 
transcended all races and stood 
as a universal imagc of peace 
and brothcrhocd." 

rarlic-pants | 

Particlnating in prescntation 
ceremonic-j v.ere Mrs. Weiner, 
Edward G. Freehafer, director 
,of The New York Public 
Library; Mrs. Jean 0. Godfrey, 
Chief of The Branch Library 
System, and Mrs. Jean B. 
' Hutson, ctirator of the 
Schomburg Collection. Mrs. 
Erna Weill, an outstandmg 
contemporary a r 1 1 s t who 
created the bust of Dr. King, 
also will attend the event. | 

A member of the NCJW, Mrs. 
Weill isaninternatlonallv 
recognized sculptor whose work 
Is housfed in permanent 
coUections as far afield «s the 
Birmingham Museum, in 
Alabama, the Jewish Museum 
in New York City and the Tel 
Avit ^useum in Israel. 
, ^ Her* bust of Dr, King, ^ich 

she describes as "a study in 
the power of peace,'* will become 
part of the Schomburg 
Collection's wide ränge of 
materials that cover every 
phase of Negro activity from 
Selma to Timbuctoo. 

Considered one of the most 
important centers in tbe world 
for the study of blacks, the 
Schomburg Collection was built 
around Arthur A. Schomburg's 
private library of rarities and 
treasures, which was purchased 
from him and given to The 
New York Publi<i Library by 
the Carnegie Corporation of New 
York in 1926. 

In addition to books by and 
about blacks, the Collection 
contains magazines, pamphlets, 
manuscripts, photographs, 
pictures, prints, newspaper 
clippings, playbiUs, programs 
and broadsides that relate to 
Negro life and history. Sheet 
music and recordings of music 
composed or performed by 
Negroes also form a part of. 
the Collection. And, on display, 
are the Eric de Kolb Collection 
of African Arms and art objccts 
of ivory, cnetal and wood. j 

The NCJW. the world's oldcst^ 
major Jewish women*s. 
Organization, hasbcendedicated 
to Community service, social 
action and education throughout: 
its 75-year history. Its four 
major target areas today are; 
poverty, education, J e w i'ä h 
affairs and world peace. 

Mrs. Weiner, leader of the 
100,000 members, has been 
active in the NCJW for more 
than 30 years. Among the civic' 
and Philanthropie causes she 
serves is Community Services,! 
Inc., an Organization 
representing the comb ine d 
memberships of the NCJW, the 
National Council of Catholic 
Women, the National Council of 
Negro Women and Church 
Women United -- founded to 
assist the government's War og 
Poverty. ^ . 

i^ II ■ !■ *■ 

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Lvonnrd Hrrnsfcin. Mnsir Diiprfnr 


e^wz-x^^^mim. ^'mw%mif*m^» LUTOSLAWSKI Funcral Music for Strjngs 

TCHAIKOVSKY Symphony No. 4 


SKROWAC2EWSKIBACH loccaU and Fuguc. D minor 

ALEXIS WEISSENBERG,^"f^;j;;'/'t";:^^r"lr ^"'J . 

pianist^HOSTAKOVICH Symphony No. 5 

Tlc^i^t s^lc bcqins today for conccrts of 


GIULINI BONOPARTI Concerto Grosso, D ma|or 
«»■ «<■.•«....« SCHUBERT Symphony No. 4 

tdiiitofl numhrr of tirkpfs avaiinbift at RdX OmCF" for <nm»» enncerts. TR 4-r434 
anrj a' F.I.OnMINr,nALE'S 5nth & Ux. Avp.. ßprafln Cnunty. N.J.. ABRAHAM &. 
STRAUS, Rrnnkivn. Hnmp'ifoari. LI.. Huntington. L.I.. Manhassit. L.l. 






CORELLI Suitr for Sfrinqs 
WALTON Capriccio Burlesco 

(World Premiers) 
GRIEG Piano Conccrfo 


$5.50, $4.50 

=^ I 


12 — A 


At Philharmonie Hall 

Artists Abound At Draw-In 



Staff Phofo by AI Paglione 

INSPIUED ARTIST; Wilh the strains of RimskyKorsakoff's 
*'Scheherazade" floating through the air, Hackens*^'' s 
Mariiis Sznajdcrman Sketches briskly during Philharmonie 
Ilall's Premiere draw-in. 


staff VVrIter 

With a muse on each knce, 
24 Bergen County artists 
sprawled about Philharmonie 
Hall, immortalizing New York 
Philharmonie musicians. 

On special invitation from 
the orchestra, Modern Artist 
Guild painters and sculptors 
sketched their impressions of 
conductor Andre Kostelanetz, 
106 musicians, and the inte- 
rior of the Lincoln Center 
hall Saturday. 

Their final efforts will adorn 
walks and foyers around the 
concert hall during the Phil- 
harmonic's 'Tromenades" se- 
rics in May, 1969. 

The accomplished arlists 
transferred the physical pres- 
ence of the music and musi- 
cians into many styles. The 
artists are expected to bring 
their final efforts back before 

Rita Silvan, who has a one- 
woman show at Tenafly's Lu- 
cinda Gallery, plunked herseif 
down in a fourth-row seat and 
began sketching. 

To the left of the stage, 
Hackensack's Marius Sznaj- 
derman squeaked his way 
through Rimsky-Korsakofl's 
"Scheherazade" with a black 
magic marker. 

Cellist Paul Clement occa- 
sionally glanced at him bp- 
tween cues, but trumpeter 
John Ware and trombonist 
Edward Erwin were unaware 
of the artist's presence. 

Vicky Owens propped her- 
seif against the end of row K 
and bowed Ion;; sweeping 

strokes across her paper. "I 
almost always use music to 
get me going," the Glen Rock 
High School art teacher said. 

"I find it relaxing; it forces 
an emotional response." 

Several rows behind her sat 
Sam Weinik, who has becn 
winning art awards since the 
early 1920s. As a chemist with 
an intercst in molecular 
movements, Sam sketched 
Kostelanetz who strenuously 
danced about on the podium. 

Some of the artists turned 
their backs on the orchestra 
to face many rows of diamond 
sounding-boards riding like 
kites high above their heads. 

"I'm basically a geometric 
painter so I react to the 
forms around me. Those reac- 
tions change in response to 
the music that is being 
played," said Steve Munno of 
Rutherford, who teaches art 
at Jersey City State College. 

Under the balcony, Ray Sta- 
tlander stood sketching the 

'Tm interested In the hall's 
geometry; it's a paradise for 
geometric painters," the art- 
ist said. 

A Grand Opportunity 

Dick Van Tieghem of Ridge- 
wood sat in a first tier row, 
usually reserved for the most 
affluent patrons. In that Posi- 
tion, he was level with the or- 

I find this terribly helpful," 
the interior designcr said. 

"It's a grand opportunity. 









[er in 








Those Lighting Effects Are 
Kept Subordinate 


When this spring*s "Prom- 
enades" were annoimced, it 
was Said that Peter Wexler, 
designer for the series, had 
created a set of screens over 
the stage of Philharmonie Hall 
on which colored images would 
be flashed. The horrible sus- 
picion arose that the New York 
Philharmonie was going to 
play second fiddle to a light 
show, as so many musicians 
have had to do in today's 
fashionable mixed- media con- 

: Fortunately, this turned out 
not to be the case at last 

' The Program 

harmonie/ Andre Kostelanetz conduct- 
ing, with Maratin Niska, soprano/ and 
Ned Styres/ barltone, and Lerne Mun- 
roe, Cellist. At Philharmonie Hall. 
Dances from The Three-Cornered Hat; 

excerpts from La Vida Breve ....Falla 
Sardana, Sant Marti de! Canigo and 

Song of the Birds Casals 

Arla from Cancion del olvido ...Serrano 

Aria from La Revoitosa Chapi 

Capricio Espagnole . .. .RImsky-Korsakov 

night's opening of the series. 
A modest - sized segmented 
screen, like the outside of an 
angular birdcage, hangs high in 
the sali. For the initial concert, 
color abstractions were spread 
on it before and after the pro- 
gram and during the intermis- 
sion. If you took your eyes off 
the orchestra during the play- 
ing of some of Casals pieces 
you might have caught a 
glimpse of the great cellist-com- 
poser himself, as his picture 
appeared briefly on the screen. 
A more extensive use of the 
device is promised in subse- 
quent programs. 

Otherwise, Philharmonie Hall 
had been transformed in cus- 
tomary fashion for the seventh 
season of what has beeome an 
agreeable New York Institution. 
Tables for a thirsty audience 
dotted the main floor, and the 
orchestra was seated before a 
handsomely striped backdrop. 

Andrö Kostelanetz, conduc- 
tor of the "Promenades," turned 
to the music of Spain for his 
opening program, and since he 
has a particular flair for that, 
the evening was more than or- 
dinarily attractive. 

Dances from Falla's "The 
Three-Cornered Hat" and Rim- 
sky-Korsakov's ^'Capriccio esp 
sky - Korsakov's "Capriccio es- 
pagnor* (Spanish by Inspiration) 
began and ended the program 
conventionally. In hetween there 
were arias from Falla's "La 
Vida breve," three Casals works 
and songs from zarzuelas by 
Serrano and Chapi. These were 
novel enough, and they enlisted 
the Services of the soloists, 
Maralin Niska, soprano, and 
Ned Styres, baritone. 

City Opera Singer Heard 

Miss Niska, tall and beauti- 
ful, one of the New York City 
Opera's leading artists, brought 
a fresh, rieh voice and con- 
siderable temperament to herj 
arias. They would have sounded 
more idiomatic if her singing 
had been a bit more volatile 
and rhythmically alive. 

It wasn't until her encore, 
Castellanos's "Morena," that 
she gave the music its füll 
vitality. Mr. Styres, with only 
one aria, had little chance to 
demonstrate anything other 
than a pleasant voice. 

The solo honors really went 
to Lome Munroe, the Philhar- 
monic's principal cellist. He 
played Casals's musical signa- 
ture, "Song of the Birds," with 
the sensitivity and ravishing 
tone that have earned him his 





Paintings, Sculptures Ins|(wi. 


By Örchestra At Lincoln Center 


St«ff Wrlter 

Th€ pictures at the exhibi- 
tion * 'Impressions of Kostela- 
netz and the Philharmonie'* 
are part of Lincoln Center' s 
spring musical celebration 
"Promenades" in which the 
listenm* is easy. 

So is th€ looking. The paint- 
ings and sculptures by mem- 
bers of the Bergen County 
Modern Artists Guild in the 
lobby of Philharmonie Hall 
are the product of the artists' 
attendanee at örchestra re- 
hearsals some weeks ago. 

There they listened and 
sketched while Andre Kostela- 
netz conducted the Philhar- 
monie in such festive works 
as Manuel de Fall's dances 
from **The Three-Cornered 
Hat" and Rimsky-Korsakoff s 
**Cappriccio Espagnole." 

The result, to be seen at the 
opening night, (Thursday) is 
almost uniformly gay, and I 
think ril suggest a few paint- 
ings you ought to look for as 
you make your way to the 
table reserved for your buffet 
dinner before the concert and 
for beverages during inter- 


THE JEWlsnoirn..» 


mission. Philharmonie Hall is 
Fun City. 

There is Sam Weinek's mini- 
ature aetion painting 

**Synth€sis" (there may be no 
such category but the prome- 
nade mood is on me and I 
don't feel like being discip- 
lined), a yellow, green, blue 
and white gaiety in oil. 

Inner Lights 

There are two constructions 
i 1 1 u m i n a t e d from inside, 
*'Compositions on Sound" by 
Leonard Pierro, which be- 
come happenings when you 
catch your reflection in the 
painted glass. 

There is a patiently wrought 
construction by Ben Wilson, 
"Three Themes," that seems 
to me more effortful than 
Promenade musie suggests. 
But, then I don't suppose 
Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess" 
excerpts being easy to listen to 
means they were easy to com- 

There is also Stephen Mun- 
ifo's hard-edge geometric de- 
sign on two canvases, *'Ac- 
coustique." It is a bold coun- 
terpoint of progression, diago- 

nal from light to dark. It Is 
purposefully illusory, being 
given indireetion by an inter- 
rupted arrowhead which 
changes to a gateway as per- 
ception tires of one field-and 
selects another. It is a suc- 
cessful work which requires 
the kind of concentration from 
the artist that you can see, 
putting you in mind of the way 
you respond to a virtuoso per- 
former's concentration even 
while you are enjoying the 
fruit of it. 

Incidentlly, Menno's subjeet 
acoustics is after allnot musie 
but its environment. Cheaty, 
but its environment. Cheaty,! 
eh? I 

No Ratings 

I've been naming paintings 
—there are more than 40 of 
them by 23 artists— to whet 
appetities at the buffet, not to 
suggest ratings. 

I've got a name one more, 
though: Lillian M a r z e 1 Ts 
* ' Scheherezade . ' ' Following 
the art nouveau of Beardsley 
and The Yellow Book comes 
the neo art nouveau of College 
Humor in the Twenties. And 
now there's a kind of new neo 
art nouveau developing in the 
Marzell acrylics. 

Do you remember being 
taught the difference in the 
arts between the sensuous and 
the sensual? Lillian Marzell's 
*'Scheherezade'* is sensual. | 

Vive le difference! 

,-..iurtic Hah, — 
.- * laza Level, until June 14. 
The exhibition, '*Impressions 
of Kostelanetz and the 
Philharmonie," includes the work 
of 23 artists whose sketches, 
paintings, sculpture, constructions 
and collages were based on notes 
and observations they made 

and sculptures of different 
muscians and of Kostelanetz, to a 
large collage of the füll örchestra, 
to completely abstract paintings, 
collages and constructions, some 
inspired by the musie and others 
based on Visual aspects of the 
örchestra and of the concert hall. 

T^'^.^A^]^ ^^^JJ^i^S, L . UNESDAYMPRIL 


2, 1969 


narnmh '^^^ ^'^^^^"^ Balalaika Orchcs- 

fßgram\tra from the Soviet Union will 

play three concerts at Carnegie 

Hall on Oct. 4 and 5 in an 

American tour of 48 cities. 

The tour is a Joint presenta- 
tion of Columbia Artists 

n unusual 
to his 
[iny's pro- 

Manonettes and psychedelic 

ligntmg will be among the more 

unusual features of this sum- 

mer's New York Philharmonie 


The "Promenades" will begin 
on Wednesday. May 21, and 

Management and j" jr ^* ^"^^^ "" weanesday. May 21, and 

Vieh. Ilr. Zarov?ch is an^'mp e t totaTof^TQ^^' '""t ''■ ^^^^ 
o,,^;^ : .. . . «^'.'"ipit. a total of 19 non-subscription 

sario specializing in the ex- 
change of Soviet and American 
musical artists. 

Valentina Levko, mezzo-so- 
prano, Ivan Petrov, bass, and 
two dancers Lily Novgorodova 


The opening concert will pre- 
sent Maralin Niska, soprano, in 
an all-Spanish program. Other 
programs with specific themes 
will be an all-Russian evenine 


and Yuri Mironov, willbe solo- w h nnn.M r "'"^"u^''?"'"8 
ists with the ensemble. ^3 *?« p'i ^'-^l"^- ba^tone. 

American musicians schedulcd Crfarm-Jj. .^'"^ Marionettes 
to tour the Soviet Union in tlm P^"?™'"g a new ballet to the 
1969-70 season are Verön a !^,f .'•''^ °f P""''" Shostakovich; 
Tyler. soprano. and lyron jTnl.- roni cafvW°"''"'''" ^'^»^ ^^- 
Andrö Watts and Grant Johan- Irt m.I^J ' ^°Prf "O- »"d Rob- 
nesen, pianists. i'^ "^^^'^y; baritone; "Spring 

During the ] 970-71 season. h.n*"!!^,-^- ."^'B ,'^'''''"^' ^^^ 
Columbia Artists-Zarovich wüii?'":./'!^ 1"'^^ Salute to Na- 
present a Festival of Sovieli'^I ^'f". "^^vid Bar-Illan as 
Music in New York and othe-lSi n ?°°''".: and "Promenade 
Eastern cities and wiii intro-l ® ^^""'^ ^'""' Rosalind Elias, 
duce the Omsk Russian Ensem-'?!'^^^°"^"P';a"o- '" works by 
ble of Siberia, a Company of 8i)P"P^^'"^ and Offenbach. 
Singers, dancers and musicians L . Ps/chedelic lightlng will 
to the United States. ■ he turned on during "Salute to 

— ; — ; Nature. as Visual accompani- 

Yugoslavia Acts to Protect Hl^"' '" Gustav Hoisfs "The! 

Her Domestio Auto Output ^ The Conducton for all con-l 
RP-rrDÄni7 V T • , „j'^«'"ts will be Andre Kostelanetz ' 

ThP V ' T"^°''^^'^ ^^f^^^'™"'' w'll be seated at the 
idull^v ^"S°«'av automobile, orchestra level at tables. 
austry. faced with increasmp i Tickets ranop fmm «9 "^n ♦- 
reign competition. has decided $5.50 Tables seatSg" ix are?27 

put by makmg parts foriable 

■?ign producers, notably Fiat — .^- _ 

(A.. of Italy. West Cerman Smokine Ud 1 

''d to''e^ab'Ä"v" j' r WIESBADEN. Germany (AP) 1 
[ inrf^,<=t^ l the Yugoslav -West Germans puffed 105 5 
[ industry to mamtam it.s billion cigarettes in iQßS a «7 

fheZTfn T^^ü' ^'th.,per Cent increaseovJ? the pre- 
Lhe need for further pro-:vious year. the Federal Stüis- 

tics Office Said. 








Wed.,Miy 21, "Preview" 

(Same program as for 
Opening Night, May 22) 

Thurs., May 22, Opening Night 
Sat, May 24* 

Maralin H\%k9, soprano 
Ned Styres, bariton« 

FALLA: Dances from "The Three- 
Cornered Hat" 

FALLA: Excerpts from opera, 
"La Vida Brave" 

CASALS: Sardana, Sant Marti del 
Canjgo, and Song of the Birds 
(Lerne Munroe, soloist) 

SERRANO: Aria from zarzuela, 
"Cancion del olvido" 

CHAPI: Aria from zarzuela, 
"La Revoltosa" 

Capriccio Espagnolft 

Fri., Tues., Wed., Tliurs., 
May 23-27-28-29 

Donald Gramm, bass-baritons 
The Bii Baird Marionettes 

GLINKA: Overture, "Russlan 

and Ludmila" 
BORODIN: Excerpts from opera, 

"Prince Igor" 

Thurs., Frl., Sat., luns 5-8-7* 

Michael Rabin, vioiinist 
WALTON: Capriccio Burlesco 
DEBUSSY: Prirrtemps 
SAINT-SAENS: Introductlon and 

Rondo Capriccioso, for violin 

and orchestra 
DELIUS: On Hearing the First 

Cucitoo in Spring 
SARASATE: Zigeunerweisen, and 

Introductlon and Tarantella, 

for violin and orchestra 
STRAVINSKY: "The Firebird" Suite 

Tues., Wed., June 10-11 

A Salute to the Amer/Cdn Museum of 
fJatural History in its Centennisl Yesr 
David Bar-Illan, Pianist 

d'or" Excerpts 
RAVEL: Piano Concerto in G Major 
HOLST: Excerpts from "The 

BRITTEN: The Prince of the 
• Pagodas 
RESPIGHI: The Pines of Roma 

Thurs., June 12 

SHOSTAKOVICH: Marionette Ballet, Same program as for 

created by Bil Baird 
TCHAIKOVSKY: Capriccio Italien 

Frl., Sat., Tues., Wed., May 30-31, 
June 3-4 

Veronica Tyler, sopr»n<» 
Robert Mosley, baritone 
Theodore Lettvin, Pianist 
Schola Cantorum 

GOTOVAC: Kolo from "Ero the 



Fri., Sat., June 13-14 
Benefit for International 

Synagogue and New Yirk 

Board of Rabbis 
For ticket Information call 

TR 9-8415 

Frl., Sat, June 13-14* 

Rosalind Elias, mezzo-soprano 
SAINT-SAENS: "La Princesse 

Jaune," overture 

HANDEL-HARTY: Water Music Suite DUPARC: La Invitation au Voyage, 

LITOLFF: Scherzo from Piano 

LISZT: Liebesträume 


GERSHWIN: "Porgy and Bess" 
Excerpts, (with soprano, 
baritone, and Chorus) 

out Performances 

Programs anij soloists 

subject to c hange. 

All concertsbeginat 8:30 

and Phydil6 
RAVEL: Pavane and Alborado del 

OFFENBACH: Overture, "La Belle 

OFFENBACH: Four arias from the 

operettas, "La Belle H^l^ne," 

"La Grand Duchesse de 

Gerolstein," a.nd "La Vie 

OFFENBACH: Gait6 Parisienne 
(In celebration of the 150th 

Anniversary of the birth of 

Jacques Offenbach) 

Tickets available at PHILHARMONIC HALL BOX OFFICE and at 

BLOOMINGDALE'S (59th & Lex. or Bergen, New Jersey) 

and at ABRAHAM & STRAUS (Brooklyn, Hempstead, Huntington and Manhasset, LI.) 

Dreh.: Single seatat table H50JH(U-»> 

Table seating 6 $27, $33 Ist Ter. (reg. seat) $4.00, $5.00 

Loge (regulär seat) $5.00 2nd Ter. (reg. seat) $2.50, $3.50 




' ' 866 ALPINE D RIH& JEWiSH Standard, fripay, march u. i969 

I look and I react. I never have to ask, "What is it?" because with 
an Erna Weill sculpture it is rarely necessary. Even the abstract form 
iumps out at you and proclaims its identity. . , „ 

Erna an cid and dear friend, has gotten used to my socia calls 
which are peppered with my never^ending questions Fortunately for 
me she never tires of discussing her powerful works of an, nor do I. It 
is only when I get into the mechanics of her work which always 
interest me more than she thinks they should, that I scnse a bit of 
impatience as she stoically tries to satisfy Anns 

Today, I thrilled to her new _, — 

pieces which were inspired by 
Philharmonie concerts at Lincoln 
Center. It is not surprising that 
Mrs. Weill, a deeply religious 
person, was moved to sculpt King 
David at the harp and to go to the 
Psalms for the title - **I will sing 
praises unto thee with the harp." 
We had our coffee around the 
swivel table on which the 
sculpture beautifully mounted on 
black marble is displayed, so we 
could turn it from time to time in 
Order to enjoy the work from all 


There is a delightfully human 
story connected with what Erna 
disdainfully calls the technicalities 
of creation. After she had 
completed the outline of David's 
crowned head, and his band on 
the harp, all lightly etched on the 
stone, including the harp 
complete with strings, Erna got a 
Strange feeling that something was 
wrong. She called in a neighbor, 
Myor Rosen, the noted harpist of 
the New York Philharmonie and 
she got her answer in a minute. It is 
the left band which plucks the 
strings on the front of the 
instrument. What a dilemma, here 
was David, who should know 
better, with his right band where 
his left should be. 

* Hü ♦ 

THE MUSIQAN and the 
sculptress solved the problem 
most ingeniously. Mr. Rosen had a 
negative of pictures of him at the 
harp developed as a reverse print 
and Erna had a true model to 
match her etched outline. . . . No 
one will be the wiser, except 
another harpist, and the musicthe 

Viewer will hear in his Imagination 
will be just as sweet. 

"Here we go again," Erna said, 

as I began to rub my fingers first 

on the smooth green marble-like 

head and hands and then on the 

rough almost white powdery 

surfact of the harp and the 

background. I get a sensual, tactile 

as well as visual pleasure from 

many of her sculptures. She 

resigned herseif to what was 

Coming. Like a child who wants a 

favorite story told and retold, I 

wanted to hear once more about 

the modern alchemy or black 

magic which produces this double 

effect, two completely different 

surfaces from the same chunk of 

Vermont stone." 

Pointing to an untouched piece 
of that raw steatite which lay on a 
table at the other end of the 
studio, Erna said: "That's the 
next victim." I jumped up and 
gave it my tactile treatment. It 
feit rough and looked exactly like 
a solidified bit of the Atlantic 
Ocean as I see it so of ten from our 
Fire Island beach. It resembled a 
huge layer of white foam and 
spray through which one caught 
glimpses of the light green of the 


I went back to the beautiful, 
anooth, dark green of King 
David's head and arm, the right 
one, rising out of the chalk white 
background as if they were 
chiseled from marble or topaz or 
verd antique. **It*s all in the 
polishing with the proper abrasive 
tools" is all I could get out of the 
artist. One day I shall insist on 

seeing the process from Scratch, 
and I do mean Scratch. 

THE WEILL musical repertory 
included a new sculpture bust of 
Andre Kastelanetz, the conductor, 
copies of the busts of the pianist 
Rudolph Serkin, the Violinist 
Nathan Milstein and the 
conductor Leonard Bernstein. The 
bronze modeis are displayed at 
Hebrew University in Jerusalem. 
The over-life size head of Leonard 
Bernstein in patinaed plastic is 
most unusual. Erna has captured 
his magnificent sensitive face in a 
more composed and reflective 
mood than one can see on the 

In the living room I sat as if 
mesmerized in' front of a large 
bronze sculpture on a wood base, 
called "Rondo.'' The male figure 
In a dance position, with 
outstretched arms in the shape of 
semi circles, was clear; but it took 
a while and a bit of Walking 
around the base before the 
abstract curves and roundness 
suddenly fused and materialized 
before my eyes into the female 
dancing partner. Erna was pleased 
that I discovered her dance group. 
( Incidentally I learned that in 
sculpture two may be called a 

"But women don't dance flat 
on the floor," I insisted. "They do 
indeed in the modern dance," was 
Erna's dictum, as I continued 
admiring the "Rondo" in all its 
circularity. As Erna was saying 
something about the piece being a 
combination of a dance and 
musical movement I was thinking 
that it could even be called "La 

What a blessing it is to have an 
internationally known sculptress 
as a neighbor and a friend, in 
whose faith and art, one can 
always find refuge for an 
afternoon from the searing news 
of a World in ugly ferment. 



t w 





^ '"Sf^ßT 






4^ ^^- ^ 

?^^^ •-- 



New York Philharmonie "Promenades" Artistic Director and 
Conductor Andre Kostelanetz with designer Peter Wexler at 
the opening of his exhibit on February 4. 

Acrial shot of the 1968 "Proms" concerts in Philharmonie Hall with 
Wexler's wire, wood and light seulpture poised high over the or- 
ehcstra and Maestro Kostelanetz. 

f or the 




Ai.THOUGH THE V^f>9 «^ories of the New 
York Philharmonie "Promenades'* con- 
certs looms nearly three months in the 
future, many of its key figures recent- 
ly met at the opening of a one-man 
show by Peter Wexler, annual decor de- 
signer of this spring series since 1965, 
at the Wright/Hepburn/Webster Gal- 
lery, 205 East 60th Street. Among them 
were Maestro Andre Kostelanetz, Man- 
aging Director Carlos Moseley and Press 
Director Frank Milburn. Some 200 
pieces of Wexler's stage designs include 

watercolors, ink drawings, coHages and 
three-dimensional modeis of not only 
his "Proms" Sketches, but also such pro- 
ductions as In the Matter of J. Robert 
Oppenheimer (opening at the Vivian 
Beaumont Theater in March), the Los 
Angeles production of Leonard Bem- 
stein's Candide, the New York City 
Opera's Lizzie Borden (Jack Beeson), 
the Broadway productions of The Happy 
Time and A Joyful Noise, the APA 
Phoenix Theatre's War and Peace the 
original scenery for ANTA's Brecht on 
Brecht at the Theatre de Lys and many 
other productions, as well as the stage 
for the White House Performance of 
Macbeth during the Kennedy adminis- 
tration. The Brooklyn-born Wexler, 
after attending the College of Architec- 
ture and Design at the University of 
Michigan, made his professional debut 
with the settings and costumes for 
Joseph Papp's production of Antony 
and Cleopatra in 1959, following experi- 
ence at the Cleveland Playhouse, the 
Chautauqua Opera, CBS and the Amer- 
ican Shakespeare Festival. 

This year's "Promenades" concerts 
open on Thursday, May 22 (preview 
May 21) and run through Saturday, 
June 14. 

Mezzo-soprano Joanna Simon, soloist in 
the February 26 Philharmonie Pension 
Fund concert, with one of Wexler's 
"Proms" designs. 


Born and raised in 

Salt Lake City, 

Utah, Grant Johan- 

^^^ nesen has been one 

^ t ^^H i of the most active 

of American pian- 
ists tor the past 
twenty-one years. 
After studying in 
France with Egon 
Petri, Robert Casa- 
desLis and Nadia Boulanger, he made 
his New York debut in 1944; appear- 
ances with major symphony orchestras 
and recitals in musical capitals here and 
abroad followed without pause. In 1961, 
he becamc artist-in-residence at the 
Aspen Miisic Festival, where, for the 
Ifirst time, he combined the activities of 
a pedagogue with those of a performer. 
|Mr. Johannesen's recent recordings in- 
ciude voIume eleven of a soon-to-be 
comp!ete edition of works by Poulenc. 
In 1962, a typically hectic season, he 
Iplayed over a hundred Performances in 
such distant places as Australia, New 
Zealand, Bombay and Caicutta, in ad- 
dition to more "customary" tours of 
Scandinavia, Great Britain and the U.S., 
and he has twice toured the Soviel 
Union, in 1963 and 1965. 


The PhiUiarmonic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc. 

Philharmonie Hall. Lincoln Center. Broadway at 65th Street, New York, N. Y. 10023 


Mrs. Lytle Hüll 

Sampson R. Ficld 

Mrs. Richard J. Bernhard 
Mrs. William C. Breed 
Lee II. Bristol, Jr. 
Edgar M. Bronfman 
Mrs. C. Sterling Bunnell 
Benjamin J. Buttenv/ieser 
Mrs. George A. Garden 
Mrs. E. Gerry Chadwick 

David M. Keiser 

Mrs. Robert L, Hoguet 

Gerald F. Beal 

Amyas Arnes 

John Holbrook 

William Rosenwald 
Assistant Treasurer 

Maitland A. Edey 
Francis Goelet 
Lauder Greenway 
Wm. Rogers Herod 
Robert V. Lindsay 
Mrs. Hampton S. Lynch 
Paul G. Pennoyer 
Francis T. P. Plimpton 

ehester G. Bürden 
Assistant Treasurer 

Richard Rodgers 
Axel G. Rosin 
Carleton Sprague Smith 
Gregory B. Smith 
Miss Alice Tully 
Robert A. Uihjein. Jr. 
Mrs. Edward R. Wardwell 
Cornelius V. Wi^.itney 

Mrs. David Rockcf eiler 

Ethan A. Hitchcock 

Advisor to the Board: 
Bruno Zirato 

Amyas Ames 

Gerald F. Beal 

Paul G. Pennoyer 


Benjamin J. Buttenwieser Sampson R. Field 


Carlos Moseley. Managing Director William Weissei. Assistant Manager Albert K. Webster, Assistant Manager 

Maynard Steiner. Comroller Frank Milburn, Press Director and Music Administrator Sophie Untermeyer, Fund Raising Director 

Clara S.mons, Executive Assistant Helen Franklin, Head, Subscription Department 

John M. ChappeU, Administrative Assistant Kenneth Haas. Assistant to the Managing Director Winston Fitzgerald. Administrative Assistant 






Conducted by Andre Kostelanetz 
May 21 through June 14 8:30 p.m. 

"It's 'Promenades' time agaln for the New York Philharmonie, and the thousands of New 
Yorkers and city visitors who have attended a 'Promenade' in the past know how 
pleasant that can be." - New York Times 

"If you can't buy a ticket, try to steal one. It's worth a night in jail." - New York Post 


Group Orders are now being accepted for the seventh season of "Promenades" at Philharmonie Hall. The 
New York Philharmonie will be led by Andre Kostelanetz in nineteen speeial eoneerts, together with an 
outstanding roster of voeal, piano, violin and eello soloists, as well as a ehorus and — for the first time — the 
world-famous Bil Baird Marionettes. 


Patrons on the orchestra level of Philharmonie Hall will enjoy the table seating that has become a eelebrated 
feature of the "Promenades," with beverages available before the eoneert and during intermission. Croups 
are eneouraged to arrive early, to dine at the Promenades Cafe's hot buffet (with menus imaginatively 
suited to the theme of eaeh program), and to visit the art exhibits arrayed throughout the festively 
deeorated Hall. (Refreshments and buffets are not ineluded in ticket priees.) 


Publie sale of tiekets will begfn in mid-February, and group Orders must be plaeed by that time. 


Wednesday, May 21 - "Preview" 
Thursday, May 22 - Opening Night 
Saturday, May 24 


Friday, May 23 
Tuesday, May 27 
Wednesday, May 28 
Thursday, May 29 



Friday, May 30 
Saturday, May 31 
Tuesday, June 3 
Wednesday, June4 



Thursday, June 5 
Friday, June 6 
Saturday, June 7 




Tuesday, June 10 
Wednesday, June 1 1 



Thursday, June 12 
Friday, June 13 
Saturday, June 14 

MARALIN NISKA, Soprano, sings arias from Falla's "La Vida Breve" and songs from 

Spanish zarzuelas 
LORNE MUNROE, Cellist, isfeatured in music by Casals 
ALSO: Capriccio Espagnole by Rimsky-Korsakov; Dances from Falla's "The 

Three-Cornered Hat" 

DONALD GRAMM, Bass-baritone, is heard in excerpts from Borodin's "Prince Igor" 

including the "Polovetsian Dances" 
THE BIL BAIRD MARIONETTES appear in a brand-new puppet play to music of 

ALSO: Tchaikovsky's Capriccio Italien; Glinka's Overture to "Russlan and Ludmila" 

yEROmCAJYlEH, Soprano, 
ROBERT MOSLEY, Baritone, and the 

SCHOLA CANTORUM recreate Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess" in a concert version 
THEODORE LETTVIN, Pianist, plays the Scherzo from Litolff's Piano Concerto and 
two solo piano works 

MICHAEL RABIN, Violinist, plays works by Saint-Saens and Sarasate 
ALSO: Stravinsky's "Firebird" Suite; music of Spring by Delius and Debussy; Walton's 
Capriccio Burlesco 

DAVID BARALlAt^, Pianist, plays Ravel's Piano Concerto 

ALSO: Respighi's "The Pines of Rome;" excerpts from "Le Coq d'or" by 
Rimsky-Korsakov; and excerpts from "The Planets" by Holst 

ROSALIND ELIAS, Mezzo-Soprano, is featured, performing songs of Offenbach 

and DuParc 
ALSO: Offenbach's "Gaite Parisienne;" Ravel's "Pavanne;" and "La Princesse jaune" 

by Saint-Saens 

All programs and soloists subjeet to ehange 


Philharmonie Hall Broadway at 65th Street 

New York, New York 10023 




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at 6f>th ^^troat I.o.v York, :;.Y. 10025 


J 11 üo üi. viövv irx tho public aroa ox K'äi:iar:..onic 
.... u..ri/:;^ tiiO :;ov/ York ?iii-iisrü:onic'3 3.:>i-inj colobration ' 

: ..;,.G. r^e;;oür:j w'crö ir.vitol to particij.ato in tho Proa- 
,:.. .10^ ...:il cröatod tho "vorh.i on vic o^ucscially fci^ t;.ia 
^-.. -.bitl >n. '-^hoy ^.ttci'xlcd t./o rohoar.-.ala by tho li(jj York 
Jh .._.ho-...o]iic c^r-lacjol by :a:.^Q ^lootclanots, artiotic diroct. 

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r-.:./.ci-.oo v;h-oh thoy u^od aa tiio .^riartins poir-o for tho v/orlcG 

I...A.O. -ja:, or janizad i;: ISSO by a sr.v^ll ;,rou-) of paint- 
cr.: in . r.. Jo^'ooy v;ho fol-;; tho ur.^ont ncod for a r.oai.c of 
-iv-a.--- cx-.rocjion to» and brin^^i;- to tho covx„imity tho 
v.01-0 o- artli^ta '.;ho^o aooroach to paintin;.-: and sculoturo 
v.T.- dyr;a...iG and vital; rofloc'üi:.- tho;;.;.^orary inodoG. 

1-ho ob^octiVG or tho r^roup ia to pro;. ooo lütoroc-t in. 
c.>: --o:. ,.or.j.ry art, sorioua in approacii ar;d üxooriuoatax in 
o.-:.loo. i to provido tho co:.-:.:.'unity v;ith an opportiu.ity to 
_:;,_-:loip.'ito v/ith tho arti^t in tho fuirillu.cnt oi üuch ob- 
_otivc.-o via exhibitioi.i; » locturos and do.onütrationo ano. 
to :Lo:-d itü scrvicoc to cducational institutions. 

T'.A.G. haa had r.ore than t.voi.ty-fivo oxhibitions in 
tho laat covcn yoars includinii hivor^iido ::uüou^-i, ho\; Yorh 
•"orldG ?air, Lovor Vovloo, 'rorcentonary i:>d:iibit in hö./ 
Joraey ::uid h'ovy Jorasy ..tato ;;'ur,eu::i. 


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New York Philharmonie 



Andre Kostelanetz 



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This man worked hard 
for his $830,000. 

B-29 pilot at 22. Head of his own flying service at 26. 

Now President of an international air cargo Operation, this man can't take the 

time to manage his financial holdings personally. So he chose Chemical Bank 

to do it for him. 

A senior bank officer supervises his portf oHo. Consults with him to set goals. Then pursues theni 

Chemical coUects and remits income, receives and delivers securities, provides saf ekeeping 

for his assets. Handies all the details for him. The fee is modest and mostly tax-deductible. 

This man worked hard for his $830,000. ^ ^ 

He wants the bank that works hardest to invest it well. C^llGITIlCcll 

To arrange a confidential interview, call (212) 922-4414. l^Hnl ^ 

When your needs are financial, the reaction is Chemical. X-PCU1-1%> 

*TM © 1969 Clairol Inc. The BeautifuI People is Clairol's t rademark for a groupof special beauty products. 





Now The Bcautilul Pcoplc nicans morc than a hunch ol hcaiititui pcoplc. It's a 
wholc ncw hunch ot hcauty products, hascd on what tlic real h\c hcautilul pcoplc do to sta\ 
so bcautifuL 

Such as? Such as making up by diflcrcnt kinds ol lighl, dcpcnding on whcrc 

thcir faccs arc going. 

Our answer to this is the Carmen Enlightcncd Minor. A littlc 
portable makeup thing ihat lets you previcw yourself in daylight, lluores- 
cent light or evcning light. (Not just an honest light, either— but a better 
Hght. Without any shadows, without any hot spots. ) 

And since someone like you is bound for lots ol bcautilul 
places, we packed our mirror in a luggage-y looking black travel case. With 
an extra outlet for your electric vvhatever. 

So now you can do what the beautiful people do. 

Like you always thought, all it takes is money. 


New York Philharmonie to Give Fif th Seasoii of Parks Concerts 

THE NEW YORK Philharmonie has 
schcdiiied its fifth season of free 
concerts in New York City parks this 
Summer, opening Tuesday, July 29, in 
Central Park. The 12-concert series, ex- 
tending through Friday, August 22, 
comprises three Performances each in 
the boroughs of Manhattan and Brook- 
lyn, and two each in the Bronx, Queens 
and Staten Island. As in the past four 
seasons, the concerts will be sponsored 
by the New York City Parks, Recreation 
and Cultural Affairs Administration, the 
Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company and the 
New York Philharmonie. 

Josef Krips will conduct the opening 
week's concerts in which John Brown- 
ing, the American pianist, will perform 
Samuel Barbers Piano Conccrto. Three 
Performances will be given: in the 
Shecp Meadow in Manhattan's Central 
Park, Brooklyn's Prospect Park and the 
Bronx Botanical Garden. 

Efrem Kurtz will conduct the second 
week of concerts featuring Stanley 
Drucker, Philharmonie Principal Clar- 
inet player, in Performances of Aaron 
Copland's Clarinet Concerto. In addi- 
tion to Manhattan and Brooklyn, Per- 
formances will be given in Staten 
Island's Clove Lakes Park and Queens' 
Crocheron Park. 

Karel Ancerl will conduct the final 
weeks of concerts, and the American 
pianist, Byron Janis, will perform Bee- 
thoven's Concerto for Piano and Or- 
chestra, No. 3 in C minor. These con- 
certs will be given in each of the city's 
five boroughs. 

Nearly one and one-half million peo- 
ple have heard the Philharmonie during 
its four previous seasons of parks con- 
certs. Individual concerts have attracted 
audiences as large as 75,000. The con- 
certs will be given in the Mrs. Charles S. 
C^Minnie") Guggenheimer Shell, which 
was designed and constructed by Chris- 
topher Jaffe of Stagecraft Corporation 
and paid for by the City of New York's 
capital budget in 1965 and 1966. The 
portable shell weighing more than 60 
tons is constructed on four large trailers 
which move from borough to borough 
after each concert. 

















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Christian Steiner 

JOSEF KRIPS, Conducting 




Egmont Overture 

Piano Concerto 

Symphony No. 7, C major {The Great) 




Sheep Meadow 
Prospect Park 
Botanical Garden 

Central Park 

Tuesday, July 29 
Thursday, July 31 
Friday, Aufiust 1 

EFREM KURTZ, Conducting 





Joiimey to Rheims Overture 

Clarinet Concerto 

Excerpts from Suites Nos. 1 & 2, 

Romeo and Juliet 

Symphony No. 6 (Pathetique) 


Sheep Meadow, Central Park 
Clove Lakes Park 
Prospect Park 
Crocheron Park 

Tuesday, August 5 
Wednesday, August 6 
Thursday, August 7 
Saturday, August 9 

KAREL ANCERL, Conducting 





Carnival Overture 

Piano Concerto No. 3, C minor 

Symphony in D minor 

Sheep Meadow, Central Park 
Botanical Garden 
Crocheron Park 
Prospect Park 
Clove Lakes Park 

Tuesday, August 12 
Friday, August 15 
Saturday, August 16 
Thursday, August 21 
Friday, August 22 

Cover by Peter Wexler 

1969 by Saturday Review, Inc. All rijfhts reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part 
of anyarticle without permission is prohibited. Printed in the United States of America. 

THE PHiiHARMONic Hall Program, published by Saturday Review, Inc.,, 380 Madison Avetiue, New York 17, N.Y Sta^^ 

W. D. Patterson. Publisher; Richard L. Tobin, Associate Publisher; Irving Kolod.n, EdUo^'^I Director; N^^^^^ Di ectör ' 

Robert Jacobson, Managing Editor; Irving Spellens. Art Director; Joseph Gasparino, Production Manager; Herbert J. Teison. Advertising uirector. 

mtch and Travel Atomizer 

f&ither4ißht^to tuck into your purse or bag—wherever you go 

^^WTiite Shoulders" or '''Most Precious'^ 


>»»^x«»*fc*- *ii6i*>**i'«*.^>* 


5 handles 
them better. 
Prove it to 
yourself . . . 

Heres how an umbrella spindle 

handles a Stack of records. 

One area support— three retractable 

nnetal finaers at the center 

of the record. 

It's good . . but now try this. 

Heres how the Garrard SL 95 

handles a Stack of records. 

Two point Support — at center and edge 

Recognized as thegentlest. surest 

and safest mechanism on the market. 

It's an exciusive Garrard feature. 

r;% ! 

For complimentary Comparator Guide, write 
Garrard. Westbury. N.Y. 11590 



John D. Rockefeiler 3rd 


Charles M. Spofford 
Devereux C. Josephs 


Amyas Arnes 


Gustave L. Levy 


Hoyt Ammidon 
Francis J. Bloustein 
Gilbert W. Chapman 
Richard M. Clurman 
John W. Drye, Jr. 
Lauder Greenway 
Harry Helmsley 
Robert L. Hoguet 
Howard B. Johnson 
David M. Keiser 

Goddard Lieberson 
William F. May 
Rev. L. J. McGinley, SJ. 
Robert Montgomery 
George S. Moore 
Frank Stanton 
George D. Stoddard 
Harry Van Arsdale, Jr. 
Lawrence A. Wien 
George D. Woods 
Edgar B. Young 


Honorable John V. Lindsay, Mayor of New York 
Honorable August Heckscher, Commissioner of Parks 

William Schuman 


Robert E. Blum 
Clarence Francis 
Mrs. Lytle HuU 
Robert Moses 



John W. Mazzola, Executive Vice-President and General Manager 

Henry E. Bessire, Vice-President, Development 

Mark Schubart, Vice-President, Ediication 

Robert P. Brannigan, Director for Productions 

Carl Cannon, Director, Visitors Services 

Joseph Gorman, Jr., Controller 

George H. Henderson, Secretary and Counsel 

Thomas R. Mathews, Director, Editorial Services 

John O'Keefe, Director, Public Information 


Hoyt Ammidon 


George G. Montgomery, Jr. 
Crocker Nevin 
William M. Rees 
Andrew Y. Rogers 
George Weissman 
Lawrence A. Wien 

R. Manning Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. Robert L. Hoguet 
Howard B. Johnson 
Devereux C. Josephs 
Edwin S. Marks 
William F. May 


George Balanchine, New York City Ballet 

Rudolf Bing, Metropolitan Opera Association 

Edward G. Freehafer, The New York Public Library 

Jules Irving, The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center 

John W. Mazzola, Lincoln Center 

Peter Mennin, The Juilliard School 

Carlos Moseley, New York Philharmonie 

Richard Rodgers, The Music Theater of Lincoln Center 

Julius Rudel, New York City Opera 

Mark Schubart. Lincoln Center 

Norman Singer. City Center of Music and Drama, Inc. 


Mark Schubart, Lincoln Center 


Philip Hart, The Juilliard School 

John Gutman, Metropolitan Opera 

Mrs. George A. Garden, New York Philharmonie 

Mrs. Norman Lassalle, City Center of Music and Drama, Inc. 

Mrs. Jean Godfrey, The New York Public Library 

Alan Mandell, The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center 

Ronald Bruguiere, The Music Theater of Lincoln Center 

British Industries Co., a division of Avnet, Ine 

We throw our cars in the river 

It's Ford Motor Company's 
better idea to keep yourcar 
from getting rusty. 

The river? Our electrlfied Red 
Paint River. It guards against rust. 
It's a Ford Motor Company 

The River is 90 feet long. 
Runs red with 50,000 gal- 
lons of ionized primer 
paint. And is alive with 240 
volts. We dunk car bodies 
in the River. The metal 
bodies are positive. The ion- 

The '69 Continental Mark III. Protected . . .f. ^. .., 

against rust by a dip in the Red River. IZed paint IS negative. We 

shoot the current through the pos- 
itive bodies and the negative paint. 
When that happens the paint and 
the metal fuse. Become as one. To 
help lock out rust. 

The Red Paint River is a better 
idea you probably never knew was 
there. And it's there because the 
people at Ford Motor Company 
respect the fact that when you in- 
vest in a Continental Mark III, you 
have a right to expect more than 
good looks. 

So, when you go out to buy a 
new car, remember... 

Better ideas help 

Ford Motor Company build 

cars that last longer. 

• • . has a better idea 


Vital facts about the Hall 

Tonight, a sari — 

transformed into the 
cool of dinner pojamas 
— opoque white silk 
shot through with gold 
metalllc, by Mort Schröder. 
145.00 The Evening Salon, 
Third Floor, Lord & Taylor 

With several rows of seats re- 
moved and the elevators depressed, 
an orchestra pit can be provided. 
The stage is also equipped with a 
center-stage elevator to facilitate the 
delivery and removal of a concert 
grand piano when it is required. 

Capacity 2,836 

Orchestra 1 ,502 
Loge 406 

1 st Terrace 480 
2nd Terrace 448 

Stage dimensions 
61 feet Wide 
40 feet deep 
With additional 
elevator Space 
48 or 56 feet deep 

Max Abramovitz, Architect 


Patrick B. McGinnis 

Louise Homer 
Bookin g Director 

Robert L. Turner 
Assistant Manager 

Delmar D. Hendricks 
Hoiise Manager 

Charles Whiteman 
Box Office Treasurer 

Charles Peck 

Assistant Box Office Treasurer 

George Cree 

Assistant Hause Manager 

Tickets for Performances at Philhar- 
monie Hall, the New York State Thea- 
ter and the Vivian Beaumont Theater 

may be purchased at six off-location 
box oflRces: at Bloomingdale's, 59th 
Street and Lexington Avenue in Man- 
hattan, and at the branch in North 
Hackensack, New Jersey; and at Abra- 
ham & Straus Stores located in Brook- 
lyn, Huntington, Hempstead and Man- 

The Steinway is the official piano of 
Philharmonie Hall 

FIRE NOTICE. The exit indicated by a 
red light and sign nearest to the seat you 
occupy is the shortest route to the street. 
In the event of fire or other emergency 
please do not run— WALK TO THAT 

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"A living trust was w hat vve needcd l)ecause 
it tiirns the rcsponsibilitics of oiir investnients 
over to Professionals. My biisiness takes iip 
nearly all my timc and I like to spend the rest 
with my family. More than ever before I realize 
that I ean't take care of the day-to-day in\'est- 
ment decisions, to say nothing of the taxes and 

"The Bank is never sick, never takes a vacation 
— yet its fees are no more than the cost for an 
individual trustee. And my attorney arranged 
things so that should anything happen 
to me, the trust continues for the bene- 
fit of my family— with a simple change- 
over and a minimum of expense.' 


Because The Bank of New York de- mereial bank, it is uniquely qualified write Mr. Matthew E. Gately, Trust 

votes a greater proportion of its rev- to aet as executor and trustee. If you OfBeer. Ask for a copy of our booklet, 

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The Bank of New York 

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for a 


One hundred years have passed. Man 
has reached out to conquer the carth's 
frontiers — thc North and South Poles, 
Antarctica, dccpest Africa. Man is Und- 
ing his way toward thc newcst frontier, 
the moon and outer space, with satellitcs 
circling the globe and probing the un- 
known. In 1969 man knows more about 
man than ever before — he knows more 
about the earth on which he lives and 
aspires to the reaches far beyond. One 
hundred years ago, the world was more 
circumscribed ,the future a vast unknown. 
In 1869, the Suez Canal opened, a 
golden spike finally linked the oceans of 
North America by rail, and women's suf- 
frage was introduced in the Wyoming 
Territory. General Ulysses S. Grant be- 
came thc 18th President of the U.S., and 
Edwin Booth was playing in Romeo and 
Juliet. Ten years before, Darwin's 
*'Origin of the Species" had aroused a 
great philosophic interest in the natural 
World. In New York City, Albert Smith 
Bickmore, a Harvard-educated natural- 
ist, achieved his life's dream of a mu- 
seum of natural history, with backing 
from such illustrious sources as Colgate, 
Morgan, Field, Roosevelt, Morse and 
Constable. On April 9, 1869, the State 
charter incorporating The American 
Museum of Natural History was signed 
— and this spring the ever-growing com- 
plex of the Museum is celcbrating the 
centennial of its founding. The New 
York Philharmonie is devoting its Con- 
course Gallery exhibit and two 'Trom- 
enades" concerts, June 10 and 11, to 
salute this happy event. 

According to GcofTrcy Hellman, in 
his anecdotal history of the Museum, 
Bankers, Bones and Beetles (The Nat- 
ural History Press), the Museum did 
not begin its life in its present location 
on Central Park West and 77th Street. 
In 1871 it opened in what is now the 
hcadquarters of thc Department of Parks 
and Cultural AfYairs in Central Park 
near Fifth Avenue and 65th Street. 
Groundbreaking for the first section of 
the present building was started in 1874, 
and on December 22, 1877, the first unit 
was opened to the public. 

In 1869, "natural history" meant sim- 
ply the description, study and Classifica- 
tion of natural objects, living and in- 
animate. Objects contributed ranged 
from an iguana and a human band to a 
three-legged chicken. Today, more than 
100 scientists are still describing, study- 
ing and classifying natural objects, as 
well as exploring questions and relating 
this knowledge to the evolution of life 
on earth. 

The year 1886 marked an important 
turn of events in the collection: the idea 
of the habitat group. Instead of isolating 
specimens in glass cases, it became 
Standard procedure to show animals in 
carefully built recreations of their nat- 
ural environment. By the 1920s a whole 
new philosophy of exhibition was evi- 
dent — each animal was presented in a 
typical attitude of fighting, resting, stalk- 
ing game, etc. More than 200 such 
three-dimensional, realistic dioramas 
have spread throughout the Museum, 

continued on page 19 

Male and fernale initiates of a sacred 
Society, Mamhila (Cameroon), in the 
Hall of Man in Africa, 



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7//^ nineteen inter-counecting huihlini^s tliat make up The American Museum of Natural History 

The 94-foot Fiberi^las blue whale, worlcFs lart^est 
animal, hangs suspended in the Hall of Ocean Life, 

Artist Bob Kane painting the new 35-foot hmarscape 
in the Hayden Planetarium. 

Three varieties of dinosaur skeletons — Brontosaurus 
(center), Stegosaurus (right) and Allosaurus 
(left) — stand in the Hall of Early Dinosaurs. 

An Overall view of *'Can Man Survive?'' — the 
controUed environmental exhihit which the Museum 
opened on May 14, covering 4,200 square feet. 


From the renowned collection 

of limited edition precision timepieces, 

hand-crafted in 18-karat gold 

at the ateliers of Audemars Piguet, 

LeBrassus, Switzerland. 

Each watch is either one-of-its-kind or 

with but few counterparts. 



28 Marquise diamonds. $5850 






Modern Artists Guild 

"Impressions of 

Kostelanetz and the Philharmonie 

Sara Freeman 

Dorothy Glazer 

Jerry Goldman 
Judith Grenell 
Rose Hertzberg 

Frank L. Kulasiewicz 
Marlon Lane 

Lillian Marzell 


Alexandra Merker 
Stephen J. Munno 
VIck Owens 
Virginia Passagio 

Judith Sobel Peck 

Leonard C. Pierro 

Esther Rosen 

James Ruban 

Rita Silvan 
Raymond Statlander 
Marlus Sznajderman 

Erna Wellj 
Sam Weinik 

Ben Wilson 
Evelyn Wilson 

*'Dance Rhythms" 


"String Section" 

'Capriccio Espagnol" 


"Corelli Suite for Strings" 

^'Philharmonie Brass" 

"Pavanne #1" 

"Pavanne #11" 




"Freestanding Painting #1" 

'Treestanding Painting #2" 

"Freestanding Painting #12" 

"Frecstanding Painting # 14" 

"Chorus Takes Over" 
"Looking up to Cellist, 

Looking up to Kostelanetz" 
"The Trombonist" 

"Trio" — Three figures: 
"Composition I on Sound" 
"Composition II on Sound" 
"Ink Sketch" 
"Strings of the New York 

"City Machine" 
"Rehearsal at Lincoln 

"1 Will Sing Praise Unto 

Thce With The Harp" 
"Calligraphic Concerto 

"Drawings of Kostelanetz 

Rehearsal 12/6/68" 
"Three Themes" 

Mixed tnediü 
Mixed media 
A cryiic 

Acrylic collage 
S tone wäre clay 
Mixed media 


Welded steel 
Acrylic on wood 
Acrylic on wood 
Acrylic on wood 
Acrylic and pde 

on wood 
A cryiic on paper 

Mixed media 
Mixed media 
on and plaster 
on and plaster 

Light constriiction 

Light constriiction 




A crylic-oil 

Lacqiier on aluminum 



Collage on board 








The ART EXHiBiTiON, "Imprcssions of 
Kostclanctz ancl the Philharmonie," 
which may be sccn on thc Plaza levcl of 
Philharmonie Hall during thc 1969 
"Promcnades" eoneerts, is the result of 
a uniquc collaboration that began last 

At that timc, mcmbers of thc Modern 
Artists Ciuild attcnded two rchcarsals of 
thc New York Philharmonie eondueted 
by Andre Kostelanetz. In thc following 
months, the artists ereated paintings, 
drawings and sculptLire based on their 
obscrvations and sketehes of those rc- 
hcarsals. Thc rcsulting works by 23 
artists are displayed in the present ex- 

This unusLial projeet was suggestcd by 
Mrs. Myor Rosen, a member of the 
Guild and the wife of the Philharmonic's 
harpist. As the "Promenades" have in 
their seven-year history become a tradi- 
tional host to art exhibits in Philhar- 
monie Hall, it was feit that a fitting siib- 
icct for the group's efTorts would be the 
Philharmonie led by Mr. Kostelanetz, 
Artistie Director of the ''Promenades." 

Modern Artists Guild was organized 
in 1960 by a group of professional paint- 
ers in New Jersey. Among the Guild's 
objectives are the desire to promote in- 
terest in eontemporary art that is serious 
in approaeh as well as experimental in 
Outlook, to provide the Community with 
an opportunity to partieipate with the 
artist in the fulfillment of such objectives 
via exhibitions, lectures, demonstrations 
and the like, and to lend its serviees to 
cducational institutions. 

The "Promcnadcs" exhibit is the first 
that the Guild has undertaken with a 
uniform subjeet and common Observa- 
tion of that subjeet. The group has had 
more than 25 major exhibitions since its 
founding, at museums and galleries in 
the Metropolitan arca and at the New 
York World's Fair. Virtually all of its 
individual mcmbers have had one-man 
shows as well. Additional information 
about the Guild is available from 243 
Cherry Lane, Teaneck, New Jersey 

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Concourse GciUery 

The American Museum of Natural History 

Plaza Level 

Modern Artists Guild 

Grand Promenade 
Charles Hinnian 

A Centennial Salute 

"Impressions of Kostelanetz and 
the Philharmonie" 

Paintings 1964-1969 

SPRING PLANTING Dcsigncd and maintained by Peter Dunlop of Horticulture House, 

347 Hast 55th Street, New York City 

"PROMENADES" FANFARES: Electronic Fanfares by Gershon Kingsley 

Fanfares by pcrmission from McGraw-Hill Rccords, 

distributors of L'Oiseau-Lyre Records, 

'The Royal Brass Miisic of King James 1" (60019) 

Balinese Music by the Gamelan Orchestra 
courtesy of Columbia Records 




MEN'S FORMAL WEAR After Six, Inc. 

PrOllieiiadeS Restaurant LouIs Laulhere, Oeneral Manage 

COCKTAIL BAR open from 5:00 P.M. 

BÜFFET DINNERS available in the Restaurant 
on Plaza level from 6:00 until 8:00 P.M. 

the Oiitdoor Plaza Cafe until Midnight 

before concert until 8:15 and diiring inlermission. 
Champagne, wine and beer will be available for purchase. 
There will be no beverage service during the musical 
portions of the program. 

"Pix)menades" scenic elements © Peter Wexler 


■mirmni'^' mf i m miviti « 

♦.»•*?*"•— »sw«'*,.. 

(Ourihtifessioiial lMb^^^Maka^s^1^^ 

We tried to get our Professional tess. So itl ünderstandable 

1 m wmwimm^w^t 

'^'A \ 

Money-Makers together for a 
group photograph, 

The Conference room was 
ready, Pads in place. Pencils 
sharpened. Everything looked 

But they explained they jpit 
didn't have time. 

They said they're too busy 
managing people's Investments. 
(Each portfolio is well into six 

which eonles ftrst) 

It's abnagt an Obsession 

If you wanitdiiivest in the 
market biil iMlii vest the 
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Wmey^id^keft^m gladly 
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ngures. Tlus ad cost considerably mance stocKi, for example, ^ * 

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economy is through aggressiv^ 

^ /f / I j ^ growtK they gear your 

£f I portfolio accordingly^i 

I f?* # IrvinoTmustComimjsv 

projecting future <Mm. "'t' ' -^{C A 
If^a bigjok\ v.f: ^ \^F5«pia^.f 
But we hayethe dedM»%|,^ m 

group to do i| Tl^ajNwilil^'ö^^ 

proves that.'^.^-i|^| |;^^-'^-^' '^■^^ ' '?^^^ip 

; :'|JFor a freeinteislillent^.. '.--^'^v^^^S 
iiianagement booklet write öur 
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lofessional Money* 

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r.lM^^ll^ im im i Mi s, ai ^<» vnmi M'.i i in < \n m»^ '^nh » muh -- ' \ i « -^ i'ossi ssiovs 

.'i-mt. ■ ■ "■■- 

Ünce she was the only woman in the world allowed to wear this perfume. 

L'Interdit. Created by Givenchy for Audrey Hepburn. 



New York Philharmonie 



ANDRE KOSTEL ANETZ, Art ist ic Director and Conductor 

Wednesday Evenini^, May 21, 1969, at 8:30— Preview 
Thursday Evenin^, May 22, 1969, at 8:30—Opemn^ Ni^ht 
Saturday Evening, May 24, 1969, at 8:30 

x4iidre Kostelaiietz, comiuctor 

NED STYRES, Baritone 

7649th, 76 50t h and 
7652 nd Concerts 




*Three Dances from "The Three-Cornered Hat 

I The Neighbors' Dance (Seguidillas) 
II The Miller's Dance (Farruca) 
III Final Dance (Jota) 


Excerpts from "La Yida breve 

Aria, "Vivan los que rien" 
Aria, "Yo canto por soleares" 


Spanish Dance 

Aria, "Alli esta! Riyendo" 




CAS ALS Sardana for Cello Orchestra 



CASALS "Song of the Birds" 


• „ ' 99 

CASALS "Sant Marti del Canigo 

SERRANO "Marinella" from the zarzuela, 

"Cancion del olvido" 

CHAPi "Por que sin motivos" from "La Revoltosa 


RiMSKY-KORSAKOV *"Capriccio espagnol," Opus 34 


Tromenades" Coordinator KENNETH HAAS 
"Promenades" Designer PETER WEXLER 

*Recorded by the New York Philharmonie 

Steinway Piano 

Columbia Records 

The taking of photographs and the use of recording equipment are not allowed in this auditorium. 

Members of the audience who must leave the auditorium before the end of the 
concert are earnestly requested to do so between numbers, not during the Performance. 





Spain, more than any otlier eountry of the world, is fainous for the infinite variety, for 
the color and passion of her dances — dances whicli have nourished the twentieth-century 
art of Manuel de Falla and Pablo Casals; dances such as the stately sarahande, which 
inspired eighteenth-century niasterpieces of Bach, Handel and Rameau; church-altar 
dances that have survived from the niiddle ages to the present day. A 2,500-year-old 
Iherian vase painting from Valencia shows a circle dance believed to he the ancestor of 
the sardana, whic!i is still dance 1 on Sun day s in the streets and Squares of Barcelona 
and other cities of Catalonia. The Iure of the Spanish dance has captured the Imag- 
ination of many fainous non-Spaniards. including Ravel Dehussy, Bizet, Chahrier, 
Hugo Wolf, Liszt and Rimsky-Korsakov, whose Capriccio espagnol concludes our 


Three Dances from "Th^^ Three-Cornered Hat 

Born November 23, 1876, Cadiz; died November 14, 1946, 
Alta Gracia, Argentina. 

Manuel de Falla, one of the greatest of Spanish composers, 
based his works on the rieh folk-song and dance idioms of his 
native eountry and on the venerable traditions of Spanish art 

The first version of his Thrce-Conicred Hat was a pantomime, 
based on a short story, El sotnhrcro de trcs picos, by Pedro de 
Alarcon. When Serge Diaghilev's Ballets Russes toured Spain, 
Falla played some of his score to Diaghilev, who urged him 
to arrange it as a ballet. Falla not only revised his score but 
added two of the most populär numbers: 'The Miller's Dance" 
and the "Final Dance." 

The ballet concerns a young milier, his pretty wife, and an 
elderly corregidor (or governor) who unsuccessfully pursues 

1. The Neifffihors' Dance {Se^uidillas) is part of a merry- 
making scene of the villagers at the mill. It is a fine Andalusian 
night, perfumed, starlit, and mysterious. 

2. The Millers Dance (Farruca). Brilliant cadenza-like 
phrases for French hörn and English hörn lead to heavy, stamp- 
ing rhythms which alternate with melodic fragments. 

3. Final Dance (Jota). Having had the milier arrested, the 
rorrecidor comes to the mill stealthily by night. He falls into 
the mill stream, awakening the miller's wife. He gives chase and 
she runs off in a fright. In the scene of the Final Dance the 
n^iller, his wife, the police nnd the neighbors all return. Mis- 
imdersta-^dlines are clea ed nn. and the milier and his wife are 
reconciled, while the neighbors mock the amorous corregidor. 

Excerpts from "La Vida hreve^ 


Falla's operatic masterpiece, La Vida hreve ("The Short Life") 
was composed in 1905 in Madrid and revised later in Paris. 
The first Performance was presented at the Municipal Casino of 
Nice, France, on April 1, 1913. The title refers to the tragic 
fate of the young gypsy, Salud, who is betrayed by her lover, 
Paco, and dies of a broken heart. 

In the first act, we see Salud in her modest home with her 
family, who knows that she is being betrayed. Although she 
does not realize that Paco is about to marry another girl, she 

Notes on the Pro^'-am conyr'ght ^, by The PhMharmcnic-Symphony Society 
of New York, Inc., 1969. All rights reserved. 

sings a song which is prophetic of the fate that awaits her. 
''Vivan los que rien," she sings, "Long live those who laugh! 
Those who weep should die. The life of a wretch who lives in 
pain should be short." 

The second act opens in a small street of Granada, outside 
the house of Carmela, whom Paco is about to marry. Through 
the Windows we glimpse and hear the wedding festivities, in- 
cluding an entertainer's homage to the happy couple, ''Yo canto 
por soleares," "I sing Andalusian songs," and the "Spanish 
Dance." The latter is one of the few pieces which Falla based 
directly on an actual folk melody. Its fiery Andalusian rhythms 
and Falla's brilliant orchestration form a stark contrast to the 
tragic conclusion of the opera. 

Salud arrives and, seeing the wedding festivities through the 
Window, bursts out into her tra-ic aria: "Alli esta! Riyendo!" 
"Thcre he is! laughing! Together with that woman! separated 
forcver from me!" And she ends with the tragic decision: "I 
must see him! No more of such treason! Let him die or let him 
kill me! Let us both die!" At last she enters the house, confronts 
her Paco, reproaches him, and falls dead at his feet. 

Sardana for Cello Orchestra 


Born December 29, 1876, Vendrell, Catalonia; now living in 
Santurce, Puerto Rico. 

Revered as the greatest cellist of our Century, as composer, 
Pianist, conductor, founder and backer of his own Orquestra 
Pau Casals in Barcelona, founder and director of two dis- 
tinguished music festivals in Prades, France, and in Puerto 
Rico, where he now resides, Pau (Pablo) Casals has become 
a legend in his own lifetime. 

Since the end of the Spanish Civil War, in which he sup- 
ported the legitimate republican government of Spain, Casals 
has lived in voluntary exile. Yet he retains a passionate attach- 
ment to his homeland and especially to the language and 
culture of his native Catalonia. 

The sardana is an ancient circle dance, possibly of pre- 
Christian origin, and still widely danced in Catalonia. Since the 
middle of the nineteenth Century, the sardana has been culti- 
vated by professional composers and orchestras as well as by 
folk musicians. Traditional folk-dance Performances employed 
one player on two instruments: a shrill wind instrument and 
a small drum rather like the Elizabethan pipe and tabor. This 
pxplains Casals' directions in the middle section of his Sardana 
for one group of cellos to Imitate drums while another imitates 
a typical Catalan oboe-like instrument called i^nallas tcine, 


What your Kostelanetz 
collection should sound like. 

On Columbia Records« '**^§lp^ 








"Song of the Birds 

The "Song of the Birds," Mrs. Casals teils us, is a Calalan folk 
song, originally a Christmas carol. "Casals," she adds "chose to 
play it after every concert because he feit that this melody 
translated best the Catalan spirit and he played it every time as 
a nostalgic song denoting his absence from his country. This 
became — with the ycars — almost a 'signature' of Maestro 

The poignant, yearning melody seems, on the siirface, an 
artless folk tune. Yet its impact in Casal's discreet harmoniza- 
tion is deeply emotional. The manuscript with the Catalan title, 
El cantjlcl ocells, is signed: "Pau Casals, Prades, 18 avril, 


"Sant Marti del Canigö 


When .trag^dy overtook his native Spain and Casals went into 
self-imposed exile at the end of the civil war, he settled just 
across the border in the French town of Prades. One reason for 
his'choice of Prades was that here and in much of the sur- 
rounding Pyrenees-Orientales, the language of the people is 
neither French nor Spanish, but Catalan, which is Casals' mother 
tongue. Catalonia, Casals' native province, once an independent 
country, has a proud history and culture of its own. Today it 
embraces the northeast corner of Spain, including the city of 
Barcelona, and extends, culturally speaking, intp' the French 
area around Prades. Indeed, the Catalan language belongs not 
to Spanish but to the group of Provengal tongues spoken by 
the niedieval troubadours and still spoken in large areas of 
Southern France. 

Another reason for Casals' choice of Prades was that this 
area is said to be the actual site of the founding of Catalonia in 
the ninth Century. Between Prades and nearby Mt. Canigou 
(sie) Stands the ancient monastery of St. Martin (in Catalan: 
Sant Marti del Canigo), one of the cornerstones of the early 
Catalonian State. 

Soon after settling in Prades, Casals visited the monastery 
and thereupon (in 1940 or 1941, according to Mrs. Casals) 
composed his orchestral Sant Marti del Canisö as "a patriotic 
and Spiritual gesture," an homage to his beloved homeland. 

Photographs of the Composer 
courtesy of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico 

"Marinella' from the zarzuela, "Cancion del 



Born October 14, 1873, Sueca, near Valencia; died March 8, 
1941, Madrid. 

The zarzuela is a Spanish light opera, rather like an American 
musical, except that it uses Spanish folk rhythms rather than 
American jazz. 

Cancion del olvido ("The Song of Forgetfulness") is the 
most famous of the many populär zarzuelas of Jose Serrano, 
and the sentimental love lament, "Marinella," is Serrano's 
best-known song. 

"Marinella sings her song of love and sorrow," it begins. 
Like a tender little dove, she was captured by love's illusive 
dream. She remembers vanished happiness and tries to forget 
her present pain. 


"Por quc sin motivos^^ from "La Revoltosd 


Born March 27, 1851, Villena; died March 25, 1909, Madrid. 

La Revoltosa ("The Revolutionary Girl") is a little, one-act 
farcical opera by the extremely populär Ruperto Chapi y 
Lorente, one of the strongest contributors to the revival of 
Spanish opera in the last half of the nineteenth Century. These 
Spanish operas, or zarzuelas, used spoken dialogue with musical 
numbers, much like American musicals today. 

Chapi was the son of a village barber. He began to compose 
at a very early age, completing his first zarzuela before he was 
seventeen. His serious operas and a symphonic poem were not 
especially successful and eventually his poverty persuaded him 
to write comic operas, which became immensely successful. La 
Revoltosa was first performed on November 25, 1897, at the 
leatro Apolo in Madrid. It quickly sproad to other Spanish 
and Latin American cities, being performed the following year 
in Mexico and Buenos Aires, and it has been successfully 
revived in our time. 

In the vocal excerpt "Por que sin motivos," Mari-Pepa sings 
of her love for Felipe. "Why do you look so sad," she sings, 
"why do you look at me that way? I love you, 1 love you! 
What would become of me without you?" 

"Capriccio espagnoW Opus 34 


Born March 18, 1844, Tikhvin, near Novgorod; died June 21, 
1908, Liubensk, near St. Petersburg. 

Rimsky-Korsakov loved orchestral color and used it with the 
virtuosity of a great painter whose native gift has been strength- 
ened and refined by years of patient analysis and study. His 
inborn flair was so great that when he was still in his twenties, 
hardly more than a Student composer, Cesar Cui, who had been 
Rimsky's artistic guide, offered him the Job of orchestrating 
part of Cui's new opera, William Ratcliffe. Years later, when 
Rimsky was over thirty, he plunged into a severe, systematic, 
self-administered course of musical techniques which aroused 
the admiration of Tchaikovsky. "I do not know how to express 
all my respect for your artistic temperament," wrote Tchai- 
kovsky. "I am a mere artisan in music, but you will be an 
artist in the füllest sense of the word." Over a decade later, 
Tchaikovsky was dazzled. "Your Spanish Caprice,"' he wrote 
to Rimsky, "is a colossal masterpiece of instrumentation, and 
you may regard yourself as the greatest master of the present 


The melodies used in Rimsky's Capriccio espagnol go back 
to his Sketches, written down in 1886, for a virtuoso violin 
work with orchestra on Spanish themes. The following sum- 
mer Rimsky changed his mind and decided to make the work 
a display piece for the entire orchestra. "According to my 
plans," he wrote in My Musical Life, "the Capriccio was to 
glitter with dazzling orchestral color . . ." During the season 
of 1887-1888, Rimsky conducted the five Russian symphony 
concerts performed by the orchestra of the Imperial Russian 
Opera House of St. Petersburg, in the so-called Small Theater. 
The success of the premiere, which took place on October 31, 
1887, was presaged in rehearsal: as Professionals the players 
took to the new score at once. 

The score, published before the end of the year, bears a 
dedication to the artists of the Imperial Russian Opera House 
Orchestra — all sixty-seven of them. It is in five movements, to 
be played without pause. 

I. Alhorada. Vivo e strepitoso. The Alborada, a kind of 
aubade, or morning serenade, begins with a brilliant outburst 
for füll orchestra and concludes with a passage of ethereal 

IL Variations. Andante con moto. The theme is presented 
in the mellow splendor of a French hörn tone. There are five 
changes of color for the five variations, and a cadenza for solo 


III. Alhorada. Vivo e strepitoso. Musically, this is almost a 
repetition of the opening movement, but in a new tonality and 
with different orchestral color. 

IV. Scene and Gypsy Song. Allegro. A dramatic roll of the 
side drum introduces a series of cadenzas for several instru- 
ments. A harp glissando introduces the gypsy song, which later 
Combines with fragments from the cadenza. 

V. Fandango of the Asturias. The fandango is an Andalusion 
dance, traditionally played with guitar and castanet accompani- 
ment. At the close, the Alhorada of the first movement returns 
as a coda. 

Notes on the proiiram may not be printed in their entirety without the 
written consent of the Philharmonie; excerpts from the notes may be 
qiioted if due acknowledyement is given to the author and to the Phil- 


Mrs. Lytlc Hüll 
Vice-P resident 

Sarapson R. Field 

Mrs. William C. Breed 
Lee H. Bristol, Jr. 
Mrs. Flagler Matthews 
Mrs. C. Sterling Bunnell 
Benjamin J. Buttenwieser 
Mrs. George A. Garden 
Mrs. E. Gerry Chadwick 
Maitland A. Edey 


The Philhai-monic-Symphony Society of New York, Inc. 

Philharmonie Hall, Lincoln Center, Broadway at 65th Street. New Yoric, N. T. 10023 


David M. Keiser 

Mrs. Robert L. Hoguet 
Vice-P resident 

William Rosenwald 
Assistant Treasurer 

Francis Goelet 
Lauder Greenway 
Wm. Rogers Herod 
Robert V. Lindsay 
Mrs. Hampton S. Lynch 
Paul G. Pennoyer 
Francis T. P. Plimpton 

Gerald F. Beal 
Vice-P resident 

Amyas Arnes 

John Holbrook 
Vice-P resident 

ehester G. Bürden 
Assistant Treasurer 

Richard Rodgers 
Axel G. Rosin 
Carleton Sprague Smith 
Gregory B. Smith 
Miss Alice Tully 
Robert A. Uihlein, Jr. 
Mrs. Edward R. Wardwell 
Cornelius V. Whitney 

Mrs. David Rockcfeller 

Ethan A. Hitchcock 

Advisor to the Board: 
Bruno Zirato 

Amyas Ames 

Gerald F. Beal 

Paul G. Pennoyer 


Benjamin J. Buttenwieser Sampson R. Field 


Carlos Moscley, Managing Director WiUiam Weissei, Assistant Manager Albert K. Webster, Assistant Manager 

Maynard Steiner, Controller Frank Milbum, Press Director and Music Administrator Sophie Untermeyer. Fund Raising Director 

Clara Simons, Executive Assistant Helen Franklin. Head, Subscription Department 

John M. Chappell, Administrative Assistant Kenneth Haas, Assistant to the Managing Director Winston Fitzgerald, Administrative Assistant 


If / 


-^l^^^iS A3UE DEN / Sl MjÖNÄfo / ZE AN I 

^tlL^'i^Oy i^lii M^^ STEFANO 

^i '''^BlGON2l/M|R Rl l L/F IS^^ E R- Dl ES KAU 










^ N M ! JJJ^^ l^^WlWll!W>w u lll ^»y.w^. | ll■■Jy^^.y^MM^ W^(^^ 

the who's who of opera on 




An incredible album — incredible value. A star-studded set which only 
London could have produced! 37 of the world's greatest Singers in a 
3 record album of unforgettable operatic experiences. 






KOSTELANETZ, conducting 

{Programs and soloist s suhject to 
change ) 

Fri.-Tues.-Wed.-Thurs.. May 23-27-28-29 


Donald Gramm, bass-baritone 
The BN Baird Marionettes 

GLINKA Overture, "Russlan and Ludmila" 
BORODIN Excerpts from opera, "Prince Igor" 
SHOSTAKOVICH Marionette Ballet, "Carnival Fa. 

tastique," created by Bil Baird 
TCHAIKOVSKY Capriccio Italien 

Fri.-Sat.-Tues.-Wed., May 30-31, June 3-4 

Veronica Tyler, soprano 
Robert Mosley, baritone 
Theodore Lettvin, pianist 
Schola Cantorum 

GOTOVAC Kolo from "Ero the Joker" 
HANDEL-HARTY Water Music Suite 
LITOLFF Scherzo from Piano Concerto 
GERSHWIN "Porgy and Bess" Excerpts, 
(with soprano, baritone and chorus) 

Thurs.-Fri.-Sat., June 5-6-7 

Michael Rabin, Violinist 

WALTON Capriccio Burlesco 

DEBUSSY Printemps 

SAINT-SAENS Introduction and Rondo Gapriccioso, 

for violin and orchestra 
DELIUS On Hearing the First Cucl<oo in Soring 
SARASATE Zigeunerweisen, and Introduction and 

Tarantella, for violin and orchestra 
STRAVINSKY "The Firebird" Suite 

Tues.-Wed.. June 10-11 

A Salute to the American Museum of Natural Histiry 
in its Centennial Year 

David Bar-Illan, pianist 

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV "Le Coq d'or" Excerpts 
f^A^'FI Pi?m Concerto in G major 
HOLST Excerpts from "The Planets" 
BRITTEN The Prince of the Pagodas 
RESPIGHI The Pines of Rome 

Thurs.-Fri.-Sat., June 12-13-14 

Rosalind Elias, mezzo-soprano 

SAINT-SAENS "La Princesse jaune," Overture 
DUPARC Invitation au voyage and Phydile 
RAVEL Pavane and Alborado del gracioso 
OFFENBACH Overture, "La Belle Helene" 
OFFENBACH Four arias from the operettas, "La B'^''e 
Helene," "La Grand Duchesse de Gerolstein" and 
"La Vie Parisienne" 
OFFENBACH Gälte Parisienne 

(In celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the 
birth of Jacques Offenbach) 

Meet the Artists 




Andre Kostelanetz, 
who inaugurated 
the New York 
"Promenade" con- 
certs at Philhar- 
monie Hall in 1963, 
^w. has been associated 
with the orchestra 
for the past 15 
seasons. In addi- 
tion, he has appcarcd as guest con- 
ductor with the orchestras of Phila- 
delphia, San Francisco, Los Angeles, 
Houston, Minneapolis and other cities 
in this country and Canada. He also 
has made many tours abroad lead- 
ing the Royal Philharmonie, the Phil- 
kiarmonia Orchestra, the London Sym- 
phony, the Berlin Philharmonie, and 
the principal orchestras in other Euro- 
pean countries, Israel and Japan. Mr. 
Kostelanetz also has been responsible 
for commissioning several works by 
leading American composers, including 
Aaron Copland's Lincoln Portrait^ Vir- 
gil Thomson's musical portraits of 
Mayor LaGuardia and Dorothy Thomp- 
son, Paul Creston's Frontiers, Jerome 
Kern's Mark Twain, Ferde Grofe's 
Hudson River Suite, Alan Hovhaness' 
Ukiyo-Floating World, William Schu- 
man*s New England Triptych and, most 
recently, the MacLeish-Laderman Magic 
Prison for two narrators and orchestra. 
During World War II, Mr. Kostelanetz 
vülunteered his Services to train and 
conduct Gl orchestras in Europe, the 
Orient and North America. For this he 
was awarded the Asiatic-Pacific cam- 
paign ribbon. 


Born and raised in 
California, Maralin 
Niska first received 
national attention 
for her Perform- 
ances with the Met- 
ropolitan National 
Opera Company on 
its two, coast-to- 
^ ^ coast tours. Lead- 

ing roles Miss Nis- 
ka sang on this tour included: Violetta 
in La Traviata, Madama Butterfly, the 
Countess in The Marriage of Figaro, 
and Susannah. Since then, the soprano 
has sung with such comoanies as the 
New York City Opera, the San Diego, 
Seattle and Los Angeles Opera com- 
panies, as well as, an 11-week en<>age- 
ment at the Santa Fe summer opera in 
1968. Last January, she appeared 14 
times with the Israel Philharmonie in its 
native country. Other orchestras with 
which she has appeared include the Los 

Angcics Philharmonie, the San Fran- 
cisco Pops Orchestra, and the Sym- 
phoniesof Honolulu and Phoenix. These 
appearances mark Miss Niskii's dcbut 
with the New York Philharmonie. 


Ned St y res was 
born and raised in 
New York, where 
as a College Student 
he studied anatomy 
and physiology. He 
began his singing 
career in 1966 as 
a member of Sarah 
Caldwell's Boston 
Opera Company, 
and last season appeared with Thomas 
Scherman and the Little Orchestra So- 
ciety in a concert Performance of Ben- 
jamin Britten's Ciirlew River. In addi- 
tion to numcrous Performances as solo- 
ist with local oratorio societies this sea- 
son, Mr. Styres recently sang the solo 
part in Eugene Lester's The Psalm, 
which was choreographed by the Jose 
Limön Dance Company. These Per- 
formances mark the baritone's debut 
with the New York Philharmonie. 


This is Peter Wex- 
ler's fifth season as 
the *Tromenades'' 
designer. He was 
represented this 
season at the Vi- 
vian Beiiumont by 
In the Matter of J. 
Robert Oppenheim- 
er. On Broadway 
last season he de- 
signed The Happy Time, for which he 
received a 'Tony" Award nomination 
and the Crities' Circle-Maharam 
Award. He is now preparing Uncle 
Vanya for the Center Theatre Group in 
Los Angeles, where he is the principal 
designer. He has designed The Merv 
Griffin Show for te'evision, A Joyful 
Noise for Broadway, Capers for the 
Robert Jeffrey Ballet, Lizzie Borden for 
the New York City Opera, The Magic 
Flute for the Washington Opera Society 
and the stage at the White House for the 
late President Kennedy. His work in the 
theater has included costumes for the 
Phoenix Theater's Taming of the Shrew, 
settings for the Circle-In-The-Squarc's 
The White Devil, dcsigns for the Thea- 
tre Group's The Deputy, Canc/ide, The 
Devils and The Marriai^e of Mr. Mis- 
sissippi, and the A.P.A.-Phocnix's War 
and Peace. While commuting regularly 
to the West Coast, Mr. Wexler lives and 
works in his native New Yo^k City. 
Sketches and modeis by Mr. VV^cxler are 
on view at the Wright-Hepburn-Webster 
Gallery in New York. 







\ Assistant Conductors 


David Nadien 

Frank Gullino 
Asst, Concertmaster 

Joseph Bernstein 

2nd Asst. Concertmaster 

William Dembinsky 
Bjoem Andrcasson 
Alfio Micci 
Leon Temerson 
Kenneth Gordon 
Max Wciner 
Leon Rudin 
Carlo Renzulli 
William Nowinski 
Louis Fishzohn 
Morris Borodkin 
Newton Mansfield 
Mordecai Dayan 
Enrico Di Cecc» 
Joachim Fishberg 

Leopold Rybb 
Oscar Weizner 
Jacques Margolies 
Eugene Bergen 
Luigi CÄrlini 
Nathan Goldstein 
Martin Eshelman 
Carlos Piantini 
Bemard Robbins 
Theodor Podnos 
Allan Schiller 
W. Sanford Allen 
Oscar Ravina 
Michael de Stefano 
Richard Simon 
Gino Sambuco 


William Lincer 
Leonard Davis 
David Kates 
Sol Greitzcr 
Ralph Mendelson 
Selig Posner 
Eugene Becker 
Robert Weinrebe 
Henry Nigrine 
Larry Newland 
William Carboni 
Raymond Sabinsky 



Lome Munroe 
Nathan Stutch 
Bemard Altmann 
Gerald K. Appleman 
George Fehcr 
Lorin Bemsohn 
Paul Clement 
Avram A. Lavin 
Thomas Liberti 
Ashcr Richman 
Evangeline Benedetti 


Robert Brennand 
John Schaeffer 
Walter Botti 
Homer R. Mensch 
Drin 0*Brien 
James V. Candido 
Lew Norton 
Benjamin Schlossberg 


Julius Baker 
Robert Morris 
Paige Brook 


F. William Heim 


Harold Gombcrg 
Jerome Roth 
Albert Goltzer 


Engelbert Brenner 

Stanley Dmckcr 
Michael Burgio 


Peter Simenaucr 

Stephen Freeman 


Manuel Zegler 
Frank Ruggieri 
Harold Goltzer 

Bert Bial 


Joseph Singer 
James Chambers 
A. Robert Johnson 
John Carabella 
Ranier De Intinis 
William Namen 


William Vacchiano 
Carmine Fomarotto 
John Ware 
James Smith 

Edward Herman, Jr. 
Gilbert Cohen 
Allen Ostrander 
Edward Erwin 


Joseph Novotny 


Saul Goodman 


Walter Rosenberger 
Eiden Bailey 
Morris Lang 


Myor Rosen 


Bruce PrinceJoseph 

Paul Jacobs 

Orchestra Personnel Mgr. 
Joseph De Angelis 

Assistant Personnel Mgr. 
John Schaeffer 

Howard Keresey 

Stage Representative 
Francis Nelson 

Fredric Myrow 







The new Zürich Institute for Interna- 
tional Master Classes in Music inau- 
gurates its first scason this June 9 
through July 19. Held in the 17th-cen- 
tury Muraltengut (or Town Hall) and 
in the 14th-century Grossmunster 
Church, the Master Classes for young 
artists are in the hands of four musi- 
cians: German organist and conductor 
Karl Richter, Hungarian-born Swiss 
pianist Geza Anda, Belgian Violinist 
Arthur Grumiaux and French cellist 
Pierre Fournier. 

Julius Rudel, who celebrated his 25th 
anniversary with the New York City 
Opera in the same year (1968) that the 
Company celebrated its own, has defined 
the purposes of the award established in 
his name last fall by Laurence E. 
Deutsch and Lloyd Rigler of Los An- 
geles. It is to provide somcthing like a 
conductor's apprenticeship in musical 
theatcr that Rudel had at the outset of 
his own career. As he conceives it, the 
candidates should be in their twenties, 
have had some experience in Coaching 
or accompanying and be thoroughly 
familiär with the operatic literature. The 
appointment may be for as much as 
three years, depending on circumstances. 
Interested parties are invited to address 
Mr. Rudel at the New York State Thea- 
ter, outlininß their qualifications and 
also their attitudes towards opera. 

The Metropolitan Opera's music Con- 
sultant, George Schick, is named to suc- 
ceed the late John Brownlee as President 
of the Manhattan School of Music, be- 
ginning August 1. A native of Prague, 
Czechoslovakia, Schick has been nsso- 
ciated with the San Carlo Opera, New 
York City Opera, Chicago Symnhony 
and NBC Opera prior to his Metro- 
politan duties as a principal conductor 
and music director of the Metropolitan 
Opera Studio. 

A unique festival sets out on its second 
season this August in the Teatro Verdi 
of Salerno — the Festival Musicale di 
Salerno, which has scheduled four weeks 
of concerts in Ravello, Positano, Amalfi, 
Minor and other Amalfi coast cities. 
Founded by American composer and 
conductor Nicholas Flagello and spon- 
sored by the American Artists Ad Astra 
Foundation, the Festival has as its back- 
bone the Juventus Orchestra of 55 
American musicians all under the agc 
of 31. With guest artists, it is featurin? 
the World premiere of Paul Creston's 
Out of the Cradle, as well as the Second 
Symphony of Vittorio Giannini and 
Morton Gould's Vivahii Gallery and 
Folk Suite. 



of the 
New York 



Altman Foundation, Inc. 

American Telephone and Telegraph Co. 

Baldwin Piano and Organ Company 

The Bank of New York 

Bonwit Teller 

The Bowery Savings Bank 

Bristol Myers Fund 

The Chase Manhattan Bank Foundation 

Continental Can Company, Inc. 

Crowell Collier and Macmillan 

First National Qty Bank of New York 
The Ford Foundation 
General Telephone 

& Electronics Corporation 
IBM Corporation 
Kidder Peabody & Company, Inc. 
Lanvin-Charles of the Ritz, Inc. 
McCrory Foundation 
Marsh and McLennan Foundation, Inc. 

Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner 

& Smith, Inc. 
Morgan Guaranty Trust Company 
National Distillers & Chemical 

New York Telephone Company 
The New York Times Foundation 
Reader's Digest Foundation 
Rockefeller Center, Inc. 
Joseph E. Seagram and Sons, Inc. 
Jos. Schlitz Brewing Co. 
Shell Companies Foundation 
The Singer Company Foundation 
Standard Oil Company Inc. in 

New Jersey 
Steinway and Sons 
Trans World Airlines 
Twentieth Century Fox Film 

United States Steel Foundation 
Western Electric Company, Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. Winthrop W. Aldrich 

Mrs. Francis J. Allen 

Mr. and Mrs. Amyas Ames 

Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Aronson 

The Avalon Foundation 

Mr. Dana Converse Backus 

Mr. and Mrs. Giovanni Bagarotti 

Mr. and Mrs. Gerald F. Beal 

Mr. and Mrs. William S. Beinecke 

Mr. and Mrs. George F. Berlinger 

Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Bernstein 

Mr. Frederic H. Brandi 

Mrs. William C. Breed 

Mrs. Samuel N. Brimberg 

Dr. and Mrs. Lee Hastings Bristol, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edgar M. Bronfman 

Mrs. Samuel Bronfman 

Mrs. Alvin G. Brush 

Mr. and Mrs. Walker G. Buckner 

Mr. and Mrs. C. Sterling Bunnell 

Mr. and Mrs. ehester G. Bürden 

Mrs. Donald F. Bush 

Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin J. Buttenwieser 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel R. Callaway 

Dr. and Mrs. George A. Garden 

Mrs. John C. Carrington 

Mrs. Elbridge Gerry Chadwick 

Mrs. Gilbert W. Chapman 

Mr. and Mrs. James C. Chilcott 

Mrs. Frederick R. Childs, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. Van Alan Clark 

Mrs. Frank Hayden Connor 

Mrs. William H. Conroy 

Mr. and Mrs. Gardner Cowles 

Mrs. Cornelius Crane 

Mrs. Joseph F. Cullman, III 

Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Cummings 

Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Dalsemer 

Mr. Arthur H. Dean 

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond de Clairville 

Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Diamond 

Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Eaton 

Mr. and Mrs. Maitland A. Edey 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick L. Ehrman 

Mrs. Morton Fearey 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard Feldman 

Mr. and Mrs. Sampson R. Field 

Mr. and Mrs. Andrew A. Fräser 

Miss Matilda E. Frelinghuysen 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Fried, Jr. 

Mr. Francis Goelet 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter C. Golffing 

Mr. and Mrs. William W. GoUib 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert H. Gordon 

Mr. and Mrs. Milton A. Gordon 

Mr. and Mrs. David Granger 

Mrs. Louis A. Green 

Mr. David J. Greene 

Mr. Thurston Greene 

Mr. Lauder Greenway 

Mr. Monroe C. Gutman 

Mrs. Alfred Harcourt 

Mr. and Mrs. William R. Herod 

Mr. and Mrs. Ethan A. Hitchcock 

Mrs. Robert L. Hoguet 


Mr. and Mrs. John Holbrook 

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur A. Houghton 

Mrs. Lytle Hüll 

Mr. and Mrs. Adrian C. Israel 

Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth A. Ives 

Mr. and Mrs. B. Brewster Jennings 

Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Winslow Jones 

The J. M. Kaplan Fund Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. Irving D. Karpas 

Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Kaufman 

Mr. and Mrs. David M. Keiser 

Mrs. William S. Kies 

Mr. and Mrs. David Klee 

The Jack Kriendler Memorial Foundation 

Miss Elma M. Läpp 

Mr. Jack S. Lasdon 

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley S. Lasdon 

Mr. and Mrs. William Lasdon 

Hon. and Mrs. Peter I. B. Lavan 

Mr. and Mrs. James F. Lawrence 

Mr. and Mrs. George J. Leness 

Mrs. Edgar M. Leventritt 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis S. Levien 

Mr. and Mrs. Philip J. Levin 

Mr. and Mrs. Gustave L. Levy 

Mr. and Mrs. A. Neil Lilley 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert V. Lindsay 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry A. Loeb 

Mr. and Mrs. John L. Loeb 

Mrs. Farnsworth Loomis 

Mr. Edwin S. Lowe 

Mr. and Mrs. Hampton S. Lynch 

Mr. and Mrs. David Hunter McAlpin 

Mr. Frasier McCann 

Mr. and Mrs. John R. McGinley 

Mrs. Joseph V. McMullan 

Mrs. William G. Maguire 

Mr. and Mrs. Frits Markus 

Mrs. Leonard M. Marx 

Mr. and Mrs. Andre Meyer 

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley R. Miller 

The Ambrose Monell Foundation 

Mrs. Joseph A. Neff 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Nerken 

Mr. Norman B. Norman 

The Oaklavijn Foundation 

Mrs. Donalä M. Oenslager 

Old Dominion Foundation 

Mr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer 

Mrs. Robert L. Peterson 

Mrs. Walter N. Pharr 

Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps 

Mr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harvey D. Picker 

Mr. and Mrs. Ned L. Pines 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis T. P. Plimpton 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas C. Plowden- 

Mr. and Mrs. Saul Poliak 

Mr. and Mrs. David A. Prager 

Mrs. George D. Pratt 

Mrs. H. Irving Pratt 

Mrs. Richardson Pratt 

Mr. Francis F. Randolph 

Mrs. George A. Rentschier 

Mr. John L. Riegel 

Mrs. William C. Riker 

Mrs. Karl Robbins 

Mrs. George Roberts 

Mr. and Mrs. David Rockefeiler 

Mrs. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. 

Mrs John D. Rockefeller, III 

Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc. 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard Rodgers 

Mr. and Mrs. Elihu Rose 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold L. Rosenthal 

Mr. and Mrs. William Rosenwald 

Mr. Axel G. Rosin 

Mrs. Harry J. Rudick 

Mr. Howard J. Sachs 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Scherman 

Mrs. J. Myer Schine 

Mr. Edward A. Schrader 

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur D. Schulte 
Mrs. M. Lincoln Schuster 

Bernard and Irene Schwartz 

Miss Muriel Siebert 

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel H. Silberberg 

Mrs. Leo Simon 

Mr. and Mrs. Herbert M. Singer 

Mr. Carleton Sprague Smith 

Mr. Gregory B. Smith 

Mr. Rudolph G. Sonnebom 

The Starr Foundation 

Mr. and Mrs. John H. Stauffer 

Mr. and Mrs. Theodore E. Stebbins 

Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Steel 

Mr. and Mrs. Hoyt P. Steele 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl Stern 

Mr. and Mrs. Gardner D. Stout 

Mrs. Herbert N. Straus 

Mr. and Mrs. John W. Straus 

Miss Jean Tennyson 

Mr. and Mrs. Emanuel M. Temer 

Mr. and Mrs. Alan Tishman 

Mrs. Carll Tucker 

Miss Alice Tully 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Uihlein, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold D. Uris 

Mrs. A. L. Van Ameringen 

Mr. Edwin C. Vogel 

Mr. Chauncey L. Waddell 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick M. Warburg 

Mr. Gerald F. Warburg 

Mrs. Paul Felix Warburg 

Mrs Allen Wardwell 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward R. Wardwell 

Mrs. Alexander M. White 

Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius V. Whitney 

Mr. and Mrs. John Hay Whitney 

Mr. Lawrence A. Wien 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick C. Windisch 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert I. Wishnick 

Mr. Sidney H. Witty 

Mrs. Willis D. Wood 

Mrs. Samuel Yaffe 

Mrs. Alfred T. Zoebisch 

Five Anonymous Patrons 

Palroiis ol Lincoln Cciilcr for iJic Pcrfonniiij!; Arls 

* / 


John I). Rockcfcllci. |r. 

Mr. and Mis. David M. Kciscr 

Mrs. Felix M. Wüihurg 

Arthur A. Houghton, jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. John 1). Rockilcllcr 3rd 

Mr. and Mrs. Pierre David Weill 

Mrs. V. lieauniont Allen 

Mrs. John T. Pratt 

Mrs. Richard Charlton 

Trasier \V. McCann 

Mrs. Joseph V. McMullan 

Mrs. Arliuir Lehman 

Mrs. Alla Rockcfeller Pieniicc 

Mrs. Rohert Walton Goelet 

Francis Goelet 

Mr. and Mrs. John Goelet 

Rohert G. Goelet 

Mr. and Mrs. Hayuard F. Manice 

Alfred P. Sloan, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Altsclud 

Mr. and Mrs. Rohert F. Blum 

Mr. and Mrs. David Rockcfeller 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter IL AiuRiiherg 

Mr. and Mrs. Louis J. Horowiiz 

John S. Newhcrry 

ßarhara Hutton 

Lander Grcenway 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis Kernan 

Mrs. 1 homas J. Watson 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Evans 

Faniilv of Cornelius \. Hliss 

The Family of Julius Rosenwald 

Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Ai)|)lcton Ives 

James Donahuc 

Roheit Lehman 

Audrey Love 

Mr. and Nlrs. O. Rov Chalk 

Nancy Susan Revnolds 

Huntington Hartford 

"Lhe Family of Edward H. and 

Mary W. FLnriman 
Mr. and Mrs. |ohn N. Irwin H 
The Familv of Carl M. Loch 
Mr. and Mrs. Alhert A. List 
Mrs. Charles V. Hickox 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Itllcson, Jr. 
Mr. and Mrs. John FLiy Whiincv 
Mrs. John D. Rockcfeller, Jr. 
Mr. and Mrs. Owen Roherlson Cheatham 
Mr. and Mrs. Leon Hess 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles W. Engelhard 
Mr. and Mrs. Irwin FLnnilton Kramer 
Mr. and Mrs. Lansdell K. Christ ie 
Mr. and Mrs. Cornelius \'anderhilt Whitney 
Mr. and Mrs. Percy Lris 
Mr. and Mrs. Harold D. Iris 
Mrs. Amhrosc Monell 
Mrs. Ha/el Hopkins Ford 
The Familv of Clarencc and Anne Dillon 
Alice Rigelow Tully 
Mr. and Mrs. John R. Kimherlv 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles .Sln|)man I*avson 
Mr. and Mrs. Willis FL Uooih 
Mrs. Vincent Astor 

Patrons' desk 7r)5-5i(K), Daniel P. Ruiler 

FLirold Stirling X'anderhilt 
Mrs. Josephine Lawience (iiaeher 
Allan \\ Kirhy 

Mr. and Mrs. Walker G. Ruckner 
Mr. and Mrs. Amyas .Anus 
Mr. and Mrs. Gustave L. Lew 
Mr. and Mrs. Flcnry J. Hein/ H 
Margaret Meilern Hitchcock 
Mr. and Mrs. Seymour H. Knox 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Stanton 
Mr. and Mrs. David Himter McAlpin 
Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Dillon 
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence A. Wien 
The Family of Carl H. Pforzheimer 
Mr. and Mrs. W. Van Alan Clark 
Mr. and Mrs. Harry B. Helmsley 
Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Ferkauf 
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Cununings 
Mr. and Mrs. Andre Mevcr 
David and Irene Schwartz 
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Marks 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Rodgers 
Mr. and Mrs. Gardner Cowlcs 
Mr. and Mrs. Roger L. Stevens 
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Caldcr 
('. Michael Paid 
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Lemherg 
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel H. C;olding 
Mr. and Mrs. Shelhy Cullom Davis 
Ihe Familv of John Y. Kennedv 
The Mazer Family 
|amcs P. Warhurg 

l'he Family of Solomon and Rose S. Lasdon 
Mrs. Edsel Ford 
I he Frihourg Family 
Irving Geist 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph A. NefT 
Fnid .Anncnhcrg Haupt 
Mr. and Mrs. Fester Francis Avnet 
Mrs. Lytle Hnll 
Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Block 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph L. Mailman 
\Ir. and Mrs. Harold L. Fierman 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard Salomon 
Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. Ta])lin. Jr. 
Mr. and Mrs. Herhert M. Singer 
Siavros S. Niarchos 
Bernice Chrysler Garhiscli 
The Family of Erwin S. Wolf.son 
Carl A. Morse 
Mr. and Mrs. Jack Linskv 
The Durst Family 
Mr. and Mrs. Saul JefTce 
Mr. and Mrs. Sol Kittav 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Dvson 
Lila Acheson W^^llace 
Mr. and Mrs. Bruce L. Zenkel 
Richard J. Schwartz 
Mr. and Mrs. Milton Petrie 
Fvlvnne and Max M. Low 
The Family of Ethel S. Mehlman 
Ave Simon 
Mrs. Jean \fauz6 
Threc anonymous donors 

The Rockcfeller Foundation 
The Ford Foundation 

Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) 

Avalon Foundation 

First .National City Educational and 

Charitahle Foundation 
Fhe Chase Manhattan Bank Foundation 
Manulacturcrs Hanover Frust Company 
Coming Glass Works Foundation 
Chemical Bank New York Frust C()m|)anv 
Morgan (iuaranty Trust Companv of 

New York 
James Foundation of New \n\k, Inc. 
Bankers l'rust Company 
I he Commonwealth Finul 
Ihc Ecpiitahle Life Assurance Society of 

ihc United States 
La/ard Freres & Co. 

lexaco Inc. 

Metropolitan Life Insinancc Company 
New York Life Insurance Company 
Juilliard Musical Foundation 
Bell Svstem Companies in New N'ork Citv 
Lnion Carhide Corporation 
Iniled States Steel Foundation 
Consolidated Edison Companv of 

New York, Inc. 
Carnegie Corporation of New York 
New \'ork Foundation 
Columl)ia Broadcasting System 
Sjiell Companies Foundations, Incorporated 
Radio Corporation of America and NBC 

Reader's Digest Association, Inc. 
Old Dominion Foundation 
Fhe John A. Hartford Foundation. Iiu. 
The Bodman Foundation 
Mohil Oil C()m|)any 

I lie Heckscher Foinulation for Childrin 
Sclienlev Industries, Inc. 
Revlon Foundation 
Charles and Rosainia Batchelor 

Memorial, Inc. 
Standard Oil Companv of California 
Rockcfeller Brothers Fund 
Consolidated Natural CJas Company 
Samuel H. Krcss Foimdation 
Bethlehem Steel Corporation 
X'ivian B. Allen Foimdation, Inc. 
Iiving Trust Companv 
1 he Spiros G. Ponty Foundation 
Charles LUrick and Josephine Bay 

Foundation, Inc. 
Josephine Bay Paid and C. .Michael Paul 

Foundation, Inc. 
Wertheim .^- Co. 
Fircstonc Foundation 
William S. Palev Foundation, Inc. 
Ihc Howard Johnson Foundation 
Lehman Brothers 
W. H. Charities 
1 he George F. Baker Trust 
D. S. and R. H Goltesman Foundation 
Glen Alden Corporation 
llie Philip and Janice Lcvin Foundation 
Carl Marks .^' Company. Inc. 
Beinecke Foundation 

Bear, Stearns & Co. 

J. P. Stevens ,<: Co., Inc. Foundation 

The Fiist Boston Foundation Itust 


Text front "The Log of the Cutty Sark" reprinted with 
Permission of Broun, Son & Ferguson, Ltd., Pubiishers, 

ftrst.Jhe rest 



/^UTTY^S Log records victory after vic- 
L/ iory. Of all the magnificent ships of 
the cllpper fleet, she alone earned the 
right to he callcd N umher One. The best. 
That proiid tradition is carricd 
on by the Scotch that took her name. 
Cutty Sark is America's best-selling 
Scotch. The reason: Cutty *s consist- 
ently distinguished taste. The taste 
to be savored.The taste of exceptional 
Cutty Saik. Number One. The best. 










Philhariiioilic Hall To Closc in June 




'/* ^ -- 

•'.> •! 

Inferior of Philharmonie Hall after the acoustical alterations in 1965. 

Philharmonic Hall will bc closcd for 
sonie fourtcen wccks this summe r from 
June 15 through September 22, during 
which the final phase of Heinrich Keil- 
holz's plan to improve the acoustical 
quality of the Hall will be undertaken. 
This $750,000 eilort will install an acous- 
tical ceiling (in place of the present 
acoustic clouds) and rcducc fabric in 
the löge and terraces, along with related 
improvements in air conditioning and 

It will complete the recommcndations 
niade by Mr. Keilholz, a leading German 
acoustician, and will, in elfcct, exlend to 
the ceiling and terrace areas the acous- 
tical principle which improved the Hall 
in 1965. At that time, wood paneling 
and special sound reflectors wcre placed 
on the walls of the stage and auditorium, 
reducing the amount of sound-absorb- 
ing substance in the auditorium arca. 
The new solid ceiling will improve the 
reverberation characteristics, providing 
intimacy and warmth. 

This final phase of the Keilholz plan 
is being carried out at the request of 
the Philharmonic-Symphony Society of 
New York because, although the acous- 
tics in the audience arca of the Hall 
were greatly improved by the previous 
work, the stage area has rcniaincd acous- 
tically difficult for enscmble playing. 
Conductors, ensemble soloists and the 
orchestra have feit strongly about this, 
insisting that they cannot hear one an- 
other well enough in ensemble. 

The new, solid acoustical ceiling — 
Iower than at present over the stage 
and rising in steps over the audience — 
is designed to bring to the stage the 
acoustical intimacy that good ensemble 
playing requires and is intended also to 
improve the listening quality of the 

auditorium itself. The original sound- 
dilfusing clouds were instalied by the 
firm of Bolt, Beranek and Newman. 

Although Lincoln Center, as owner of 
Philharmonic Hall, will carry out the 
work, it will not contribute funds to the 
project except for maintenance expenses. 
The Philharmonic-Symphony Society 
has undertaken to raise the estimated 
$750,000 in two ways: out of revenues 
from the 128 extra seats instalied in the 
Hall as part of the 1965 phase of the 
plan (these added revenues paid for the 
greater part of the first phase and will 
now be allocated to the completion of 
the project), and with help by special 
gifts from bcnefactors. 

Mr. Keilholz supervised the acoustic 
remodeling of Severance Hall in Cleve- 
land several years ago, as well as the 
sound for the new Blossom Music Cen- 
ter, the summcr home of the Cleveland 
Orchestra, which opened last July 19. 
His work in the U.S. has also includcd 
the outdoor installations at the Meadow 
Brook Festival in Michigan. 

The new ceiling in Philharmonic Hall 
will be made of wood-partic!e board, 
much of it prefabricated so that it can 
be easily liftcd into place during the 
Summer. The architectural firm of Har- 
rison & Abramovitz will do the work — 
Max Abramovitz was the architect of 
Philharmonic Hall. Abe Feder is Con- 
sultant on lighting, and Donald Oen- 
slager is Consultant on the Hall dccor. 

In addition to the ceiling, thcre will 
be other work. All the seats in the ter- 
races will have a new fabric, although 
none of the seats will be changed. Ofii- 
cials are studying suggcstions for decor 
and lighting to harmonizc the color 
schcme and thus add to the unification 
of the decor of Philharmonic Hall. 

3 flops and 1 wild success 
from GT&E research. 

Let US be the first big Corporation in Amer- 
ica toadmitit: 


That may come as a shock to you, but 
we've found it's a smart way to run our re- 
search laboratories. 

Rather than saddle our scientists with 
a "Do It The Way It's Always Been Done" 
philosophy, we encourage them to stick 
their necks out— to poke around in places 
nobody ever poked around before. 

Sometimes this philosophy makes mil- 
lionsof dollarsforus(seeEureka!). 

Sometimes it doesn't make us a penny. 

Take, fori nsta nee 

FlOp^ll The Wam-0-Scope-a new 
kind of radar set that was supposed to be 
10 times more sensitive than ordinary ra- 
dar. (This was because we put lots of little 
electronic parts right insidethe radartube, 
where nobody ever put them before.) The- 
oretically, it worked fine. Practically, it 

FlOp^2l The Stacked Tube. After 
years of work, we perfected the world's 
best radio tube— long lived, practically in- 
destructible. Unfortunately, we built it the 
same year the transistor was invented, 
making our tube instantly obsolete. Then 

-T lOp Ol The Omegatron — a clever 
device designed to teil vacüum tube man- 
ufacturers precisely how much excess gas 

they had in their tubes (which, you remem- 
ber from Physics 1, are supposed to be 
completely empty). This, however, was 
more than they wanted to know. They want- 
ed to get rid of the gas, not measure it. 
So final ly, we come to 


The Sylvania Flashcube — a little idea 
that revolutionized the whole camera busi- 
ness. For the first time, people could take 
flash pictures as fast as they could dick 
the shutter— no more hot bulbs to change, 
no more missed pictures. 

It looks simple. But it took more than 
100,000 designs and years of f iddling and 
testing before we made the first one. 

What are we up to now? Everything from 
laser research to pollution control. 

We even have an idea that might revo- 
jutionize the entire color TV industry. 

If it works. 

General Telephone & Electronics 

© 1969, General Telephone & Electronics, 730 Third Ave., N.Y., N.Y. 10017 



Charles Hinman 


In THE SHAPED canvases of Charles Hin- 
man, which niay be sccn on thc Grand 
Promenade of Philharmonie Hall dur- 
ing the "Promenades," sculptural allu- 
sion and painted illusion are combined 
to prodiiee one of thc strengest Visual 
Statements in contemporary American 
art. In the early Sixties, Mr. Hinman 
was probably the first artist to alter thc 
traditionally rectangular shape of a 
painting and since then he has been con- 
sistently radical as one of the most mas- 
terful exponents of this new medium. 

In bis most recent works, the painted 
form often contradicts the physical 
form, and the tension is further cn- 
hanced by juxtapositions of color that 
create a new kind of spatial excitement. 
These paintings question the traditional 
division between painting and sculpture 
and suggest that thc tlat picture plane 
can no longcr contain the talented cx- 
prcssion of a young pioneer such as Mr. 
Hinman. The third dimension is acutely 
necessary to bis purpose, not only in 
terms of actual volume but in order to 
explore thoroughly our perception of 
real and imagined distance as well as thc 
function that color plays in altering this. 
The materials that he uses arc common 
cnough — acrylic paint on cotton duck 
canvas that is stretched over a complex 

"Lift" (1964) 

"Vertical Waves" (1964) 
"Yellow-Grcen" (1964) 
"Intersection" (1965) 
"Poltergeist" (1965) 

"Synapse" (1965) 

Untitied (1965) 

"Mcrgcr" (1967) 

"Ochre and White" (1967) 

"Ochre Walking" (1968) 
"Wild Goose" (1968) 
"Gateway" ( 1969) 
"Two Large City Blocks" (1969) 

wooden framework. His ability to create 
new cxperiences with color and form 
stems not only from his obviously inno- 
vative use of materials but from an in- 
sight into all the subticties of hard-edgc 
abstraction and the capacity to establish 
powerfui rclationships between totally 
disparate units. 

Mr. Hinman was cducated at Syra- 
cusc University and the Art Students 
Lcague. Since 1964 he has had seven 
one-man exhibitions in New York, Chi- 
cago, Los Angeles and Tokyo. He was 
selected bv The Smithsonian Institution 
as one of nineteen twentieth-century 
American artists in a major cxhibition 
now touring Yugoslavia and Czecho- 
slovakia and scheduied for Paris. His 
paintings are in the permanent collec- 
tions of many important museums, such 
as thc Detroit Institute of Art and the 
Los Angeles County Museum, as well as 
the Whitney Museum of American Art 
and the Museum of Modern Art, both 
of which havc gencrously lent to the 
"Promcnades" cxhibition. Mr. Hinman 
is represented in most of the important 
private collcctions in the United States, 
including those of Mr. and Mrs. John 
Powers and Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tre- 
maine, who also have kindly lent for 

this show. MICHAEL A. FINDLAY 

On loan from 

The Whitney Museum of American Art, 

New York, Gift of the Friends 

of The Whitney Museum 

On loan from the collection of John 

and Kimiko Powers, Aspen, Colorado 

On loan from the collection of John 

and Kimiko Powers, Aspen, Colorado 

On loan from the collection of John 

and Kimiko Powers, Aspen, Colorado 

On loan from The Museum 

of Modern Art, New York, 

Larry Aldrich Foundation Fund, 1965 

On loan from the collection of John 

and Kimiko Powers, Aspen, Colorado 

On loan from the collection of John 

and Kimiko Powers, Aspen, Colorado 

On loan from Richard Feigen Gallcry 

On loan from the collection of 

Mr. and Mrs. Burton Tremaine, 

Meridcn, Connecticut 

On loan from Richard Feigen Gallcry * 

On loan from Richard Feigen Gallcry 

On loan from Richard Feigen Gallcry 

On loan from Richard Feigen Gallcry 


Geoffrey Clements 


Charles Hinman is represented exchisively hy the 
Richard /'\'ii>en Gallcry, New York and Chicago. 





Miiseiini • • • 

conti mied fr am pa^e 9 

spanning all forms of life. 

Scientific research is the foundation 
on which all the exhibits are based. Thir- 
teen scientific departments are scattered 
about the 23-acre Museum, with some 
300 separate research projects constantly 
Linder way in the collections of over 
sixteen million mammals, minerals, me- 
teorites, jewels, insects, arachnids, birds, 
fishes, reptiles, amphibians, fossils and 
other specimens, as well as human arti- 
facts. Field investigations emanate from 
five Museum research stations. The 
Natural History's first ofiicial expedi- 
tion set out in 1887 whcn Dr. J. A. 
Allen went in search of bison in what 
bccame the State of Montana. Since 
thcn, thousands of expeditions and field 
trips have been made under the Muse- 
um's aegis. 

The teaching of natural history has 
been ever widening since Bickmore be- 
gan an education program in 1880 with 
a lantern-slide lecture, and now educa- 
tion is one of its prime functions. By 
1900, the public Instruction was rapidly 
extending out into the public schools so 
that today courses are ofTered for pre- 
school children as well as for elementary 
and secondary school groups. "The 
World We Live In," a program for 
school children from the metropolitan 
area, was attended by about 80,000 
young people last year. 

In 1959, an important decision was 
reached by Museum Director James A. 
Oliver: to launch a great new centennial 
exhibition program employing both the 
most advanced scientific Knowledge and 
most modern display techniques. In 
these ten years, well over a dozen halls 
have opened. To come are Margaret 
Mead's Hall of the Peoples of the Pacific 
and a new Hall of the Biology of Mam- 
mals with actual sounds and smells. 

"Can Man Survive?" — a multi-media 
(film, slides, 3-D, voices, music) exami- 
nation of the dangers of a technological 
civilization — reflects the problems of 
today: technology afi"ecting the natural 
balances of a self-regulating environ- 
ment, a pressing threat to mankind. The 
exhibit, hanging on a giant truss in the 
Theodore Roosevelt rotunda, shows the 
rise of life on earth, the transforming 
powers of agriculture and technology, 
and the disruptive problems of popula- 
tion, food and polution. 

Said Director Oliver at the centennial 
celebration on April 9: "We are keenly 
aware that in the troubled world of 
today a dynamic museum must be an 
active force in the renovation of socicty, 
a determinant in the wide use of environ- 
mental resources, and a leader in the 
lessening of tensions and the promotion 
of understanding among men." 




Just about the liveliest cultural events in town— the 
auctions at Parke-Bernet. 

This month, the excitement is Russian enamels and 
icons— early American furniture and art glass— 
exceptional art from old Japan. Also changing hands— 
famous Picasso graphics, rare prints by Rembrandt, 
pre-Columbian pottery, ancient Indian sculptures, fine 
French furniture. 

Thousands attend our exhibitions and auctions every 
week. Shouldn't you . . . to browse, to bid, to be where the 
auction is? Parke-Bernet Galleries, Inc., 980 Madison 
Avenue, New York, New York 10021. 

Your guide to the auction, Auction magazine. $4 a year 


Offenbach: Spirit of an 




Creative, vital management, orl- 
ented fo asset growth for a lim- 
ited number of individuals, trusts, 
estates, pension funds and other 
holders of substantial portfolios. 

Loeb, Rhoades stresses 
pertormance by marshaling its 
füll investment resources for tfie 
use of the portfolio manager, 
a highly motivated professional 
who translates the firm's capa- 
bilities into a dynamic program 
directed toward the clients' 
objectives. Charges are on an 
ogreed fee bosis. 

You are invited to write 
fora complete description of our 

Investment ManagementService. 
Address Department IM-L 


The Bettman Archive 

Jacques OOenbach, 1819-lHSO, pictured in two contemponny cartoons. 


Members New York Stock Exchange 
and other leading Stock Exchanges 

42 WALL STREET, N.Y. 10005 

THE happy thought of cclebrating 
the I50th anniversary of the birth 
of Offenbach during this ycar's 
•'Promenade de Paris" sequence (June 
12-14) could bc calied inspired if it did 
not scem forc-destined. For Offenbach is 
the essencc of all a "Promenade" shoiild 
be and not always is — light but musically 
literate, a mingling of art and etl'er- 
vescence such as no other composer, 
save perhaps Johann Strauss, Jr., cver 
equaled. Even those whose admiration 
for Strauss is barcly this side of idolatry 
would be likely to agree that the sparkle 
and zest of Champagne is somewhat 
higher on the scale of intoxicants than 
the best wines produced on the other 
side of the Rhine. 

For those who insist on a scholarly 
approach to anything associated with 
music, it may be noted that there is a 
direct line of connection between Olfen- 
bach and what are today calied "Prom- 
enade" concerts. As a youth of less than 
twcnty trying to make his way in Paris, 
which he had adopted as his home (he 
was born in Cologne), Off'enbach made 
his living for a while as a cellist at the 
Opera-Comique, but the impulse toward 
composition was always strong in him. 
It was in 1836, aged seventecn, that he 
succeeded in having several waltz suites 
played at the summer concerts in the 
Jardin Türe, presided over by Louis An- 
toine Jullien. Not long afterwards, Jul- 
lien left Paris for London where, in 
the Drury Lane Theater, he established 
a series of concerts that cndured for 
years. As "his programmes contained a 

certaln amount of classical music and 
later on in his career he gave vvhole 
symphonies" (says Grove's Dictionary) 
along with quadrilles and waltzes, his 
part in the genesis of the "Promenades" 
is clear. 

However, if it is unquestionable that 
one of the waltz suites played at the 
Jardin Türe that summer (titied fleiirs 
(f hiver) helped to open doors for OfTen- 
bach, it is equally certain that if this had 
not, something eise would have. For he 
is one of the prime examples of a com- 
poser suited to a time, a rare instance 
of a Creator so responsive to the moods, 
humors and interests of the world 
around him, that he became immensely 
successfui while notehing ever higher 
his own artistic Standard. Indeed it was 
the maintenance of this artistic Standard 
in spite of success that contributed to 
the durability of his work. h summons 
up the spirit of an age when most other 
things associated with it have faded or 
vanished. altogether. 

Properly to appreciate the extent to 
which Otfenbach and the times com- 
plemcnted each other, one should read 
such a spirited study of the subject as 
S. Kracauer's Orpheus in Paris, a pro- 
War (1938) publication of Alfred A. 
Knopf. As the title suggests, it is more 
than a biography, excellent as it is in 
this respect. And as the subtitle (OOen- 
bach and the Paris of his Time ) attests, 
it provides a substantial measure of the 
background required to comprehend the 
relationship of the two. 

Briefl) , howcver, it may be noted that 





Offenbach painted by Dore. 

thc Paris Ottenbach camc to call bis 
own was a Paris in transition from a 
sprawling town to thc grcat iirban 
mctropolis it is today (and bas bccn for 
dccades). To make mention of a few 
complcmcntary happenings: tbe rail- 
road camc into bcing, crcating ccntcrs 
of activity as well as making tbc suburbs 
morc acccssiblc; gas ligbting brougbt 
Illumination to tbe streets as well as tbe 
bomes and stimulated tbe lifc after 
dark; invcntion of tbe telcgrapb as well 
as improvemcnt in tbe metbods of print- 
ing contributed to tbe proliferation of 
newspapers; tbe world of tbe boule- 
vards came into prominence. Along 
witb social cbange, came political 
change, and witb it tbe Second Empire 
of Louis Napoleon and tbe Empress 
Eugenie. It was in tbis climate tbat 
Oflfenbacb's conviction tbat '*tbe idea of 
really gay, cbeerfui, witty music — in 
sbort, tbe idea of music witb life in it 
— was gradually being forgotten" was 
put to tbe test of thc works he wrote for 
tbe Buffes-Parisiens, and succeeded 
triumpbantly. Out of them, directly, 
camc Orphee aux enfers, tbe first of tbe 
works tbat madc Offenbacb and op- 
erettas a ninc-lettcr synonym for pleas- 

Tbe spirit of satire in which Orphee 
was conceived was keenly relisbed by an 
age in which bumor flourisbed as it 
rarely had before. It expressed itself 
througb tbe printed as well as tbe spoken 
word, but even more in tbe art of draw- 
ing, especially in tbat pbase of it called 

conti nued on page 28 

Guerlain is pleased to announce 
that only one man in ten thousand 


.^'i — f \v "*»"'->ip{4>iii»rtW'^^:... 






The perjpatetic Greatlook: a soft flow of nylon jersey print (interrupted briefly by you) 
about $35. Man's pants In rayon-polyester gabardlne about $20, Arnel® triacetate shirt 
about $16. At B. Altman & Co., New York, Jordan Marsh, Miami, Bullock's Downtown, 
Los Angeles. The Bon Marche, Seattle. Mister Pants, Inc., 550 Seventh Avenue, New York. 

Pric«s shghtly hightr in thm West 


^I<^xamha Dcmilova and Frederic Franklin in the finale of th 
Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo prodiiction of Gaite parisienne 


Offeiibach and Otlier Aniiiversaries 

FOR the sevcnth season of New 
York Philharmonie "Promen- 
ades." Andre Kostelanetz has 
again eome forth with programming 
which offers an appcaling balance of 
unfamih'ar fare with well-beloved 
"Standards," with at least one genuine 
novcity on each of the six programs. 
Those who wish to reconstruct any of 
these programs, or all of them, on rec- 
ords will find that the "Promenade Es- 
panol," "Russian Promenade" and 
"Salute to Nature" may be readily as- 
sembled in their entirety — and that the 
"Hohday Promenade" and "Promenade 
de Paris" may be also, with a bit of 
hunting for a couple of deleted discs. 
The ''Spring Promenade" alone includes 
a title wliich has yet to be recorded, the 
Wal ton Capriccio hurlesco. 

The two titles requiring a quest for 
cutouts arc the ''Kolo" from Yakov 
Gotovac's Em der Schelm, which opens 
the "Holiday Promenade," and the de- 
licious little Overture to Saint-Saens' 
onc-act opcra La Princesse jaiine, which 


begins the "Promenade de Paris." The 
Gotovac ''Kolo" should be slightly easier 
to find, since the one known rccording 
of it. issucd in 1962, was withdrawn 
only about three years ago and is bound 
to be on the shelves of a few shops here 
and there. The Performance was by the 
Vienna Philharmonie Orchestra under 
Rudolf Kempe, on an Angel record 
(Stereo S-35975, mono 35975) which 
also included Kodäly's Häry Jänos Suite 
and the Theme and Variations from 
Tchaikovsky's Suite No. 3 in G. It 
would not be too surprising if this at- 
tractive disc were to reappear on the 
Seraphim label, but it has not been an- 

There have been two recordings of 
the Saint-Saens Overture on micro- 
groove, neither of them recent enough 
to be offered in Stereo. Both, in fact, 
werc deleted more than a decade ago, 
and locating either of them would take 
somc determined hunting. One was on 
London, with Albert WolfT conducting 
the Orchestra of the Opera-Comique, 

Paris. Originall> issued as part of a 
collection of French overtures — together 
with those to Lalo's Le Roi (/'Ys, Berli- 
oz' Benvenuto Celli ni, and the Mas- 
senet Werther and Phedre—on LL-355, 
it was subsequently reissued with Phedre 
alone on a ten-inch disc, LD-9020. A 
somewhat later recording by Charles 
Munch and the Boston Symphony Or- 
chestra appeared on RCA Victor LM- 
1700, which also included the Overture 
to Le Roi d'Ys, as well as the one to 
Berlioz' Beatrice et Benedict and a pair 
of Ravel works, the Rapsodie espa^nole 
and La Valse. 

As lor the remaining novelties, they 
are all readily available on discs' now. 
Even the Britten ballet The Prince oj 
the Pai^odas, probably the least familiär 
music schedulcd for these concerts, may 
be had in its entirety in a reccntly 
issued two-disc sct in London's econom- 
ical Stereo Treasury Scries (STS- 15081/ 
82). This Performance, by the Covent 
Garden Orchestra under the composer, 
is both a reissue and not a reissue: the 
mono Version was released on the Lon- 
don label in 1957 and deleted a few 
years later, but the stereo edition had 
not been issued before. 

Another rarely heard item which has 
turned up on the London STS label re- 
cently is Debussy's Printemps, per- 
formed b>' TOrchestre de la Suisse 
Romande under the late Ernest Anser- 
met on a disc which also includes the 
same composer's ballet for children, 
La Hohe ä joujoux (STS- 15042). Prin- 
temps also figures in a Debussy collec- 
tion on RCA, with Charles Munch 
conducting the Boston Symphony Or- 
chestra: the other components of this 
disc (LSC-2668) are the Prelude ä 
rapres-midi d'un faune and the first two 
of the three orchestral Nocturnes. 

Since any part of Borodin's Prince 
Ij^or that isn't the "Polovetsian Dances" 
is also rather a novelty, it is worth 
mentioning that Angel has released a 
smgle LP of excerpts from Acts I and 
II of the substantially complete record- 
ing, featuring Boris Christoff as both 
Khan Konchak and Prince Galitsky 
and Constantin Chekerliiski as Igor.' 
Georg (Jerzy) Semkow, who made bis 
New York Philharmonie debut in April, 
conducts the Orchestra and Chorus of 
the Sofia National Opera in the record- 
ing. The excerpt disc, which does, of 
course, include all the dances, is Angel 
S-36568; the "complete but cut" Per- 
formance is in a three-record set SCL- 

Such works as Holst's The Planets 
and Delius' On Hearinfy the First 
Cnckoo in Sprint^ may not turn up 
very often in the conccrt hall, but they 
do on records. Sir Adrian Boult, who 
conducted the first Performance of The 



PlanetSy has rccordcd that work four 
timcs now; his most rcccnt rccording, 
with the New Philharmonia Orchcstra 
and women's voiccs from thc Ambrosian 
Singers, was released just two years ago 
(Angel 8-36420). The latest version 
of the Delius title is on a brand-new 
Angel record, a Delius collection with 
Sir John Barbirolli and the Halle Or- 
chestra which includes In a Summer 
Garden, the Intermezzo and Serenade 
from Hassan (with tenor Robert Tear), 
A Sonfy before Sunrise, "La Calinda" 
from Koan^a, Summer Ni^ht on the 
River and Late Swallows (S-36588). The 
classic Beecham Interpretation is pre- 
served on Capitol SG-7116, with Brif*^ 
Fair, Summer Ni^ht on the River, A 
Song hefore Sunrise, the Intermezzo 
from Fennimore and Gerda, the Marche 
caprice and Sleigh Ride. Both Beecham 
and Barbirolli made earlier recordings 
of On Hearing the First Cuckoo; Sir 
John's earlier version, also with the 
Halle Orchestra, is on a Vanguard 
Everyman record with cxceptional Per- 
formances of 'The Walk to the Para- 
dise Garden" from A Village Romeo 
and Juliet and the Prelude to Irmelin, 
plus the Fennimore and Gerda Inter- 
mezzo and the Idyll 'Once I Passed 
through a Populous City** (SRV- 

The final program in this year's 
"Promenades," the ''Promenade de 
Paris," is made up principally of music 
by Offenbach, in observance of the one- 
hundred-fiftieth anniversary of that 
composer's birth. The Offenbach ma- 
terial is as familiär as the Nutcracker 

Suite, and as lovable, and no less wel- 
come for all that. No one has yet dis- 
covered a symphony, a piano concerto 
or a string quartet by Offenbach, but 
his discography is filled with interest- 
ing statistics, and a few surprises. 

Gatte parisienne, Manuel Rosenthal's 
inspired treatment of Offenbach ma- 
terial, first became a phonographic 
staple in the form of Efrem Kurtz' 78- 
r.p.m. recording of excerpts with the 
London Philharmonie Orchestra (Co- 
lumbia set MX-115). Shortly after 
World War II, Arthur Fiedler and the 
Boston Pops made the first of their 
three recordings of the complete score, 
and Mr. Kurtz remade his excerpts 
with the Columbia Symphony Or- 
chestra, an item which circulated for 
some time in various formats. Since 
then at least a dozen conductors have 
recorded Gälte parisienne, including 
Andre Kostelanetz, Eugene Ormandy, 
Georg Solti, Herbert von Karajan, 
Charles Munch and Antal Dorati. Since 
Manuel Rosenthal himself has long been 
regarded as one of France's finest con- 
ductors, it is surprising that there is no 
recording of his infectious ballet score 
under his own direction. At one time 
there was. In the mid-Fifties, Rosen- 
thal's recording with what was then 
called the RIAS Symphony Orchestra 
of Berlin was issued on the now defunct 
Remington label (199-172), and the 
same recording also appeared, at one 
time or another, on such labeis as Paris 
and Rondo-lette, with a stereo edition 
on the latter. 

It would be of more than historical 
interest to have that or a later Rosen- 


maybe your 


The Bacchanale from Offenbach* s ope rette Orphee aux enfers 
from an engraving by Gustave Dore, 


Made in France for men 
who make it everywhere. 


.«LQ.xwyw -Yv»* - -^^wy.^Mwm;-A'Ww.iigif W i '* vwi'>ww w<' t mmm tm txMKvt^tmim ** 


Line a lid. 
Draw lashes. 
Outline eyes 
in 15 seconds 

Elizabeth Arden's 
new sable brush 



thal recorcling of Gahe parisienne in 
general circulation. It would be of in- 
terest, too, to have Roscnthars Offen- 
hachiana back in Xhe Schwann Cataloi^. 
Offenhac/üana was concoctcd espccially 
for recording, very much in the samc 
flavor as Gaitc parisienne but, of course, 
with cntircly difTcrcnt matcrial, and 
was playcd hy Roscnthal and thc RIAwS 
Orchcstra on Rcmington 199-183. 

Two othcr ballet scores using OfTen- 
bach matcrial — Bliieheard and Helen of 
Troy, both arranged by Antal Dorati — 
ha VC also disappearcd from thc pagcs 
of Schwann. Both wcrc once on a Cap- 
itol LP in Performances by the Ballet 
Thcatrc Orchcstra imdcr Joseph Levinc 
(P-8277), and Mr. Dorati's own re- 
cording of Helen of Troy, with the 
Minncapolis Symphony Orchcstra, was 
availablc during the early Fiftics on 
RCA Victor LM-9033 (with thc Dorati 
Suite from Strauss' Rosenkavalier, 
played by the Robin Hood Dell Or- 
chcstra ). 

Anothcr intcrcsting record of orches- 
tral Offenbach that is with us no more 
was thc RCA disc titlcd ''OfTcnbach in 
America," on which Arthur Fiedler 
conductcd the Boston Pops Orchcstra 
in thc overtures to La Belle Helene, 
Orphee aux enfers and La Grande 
Diichesse de Gerolstein, an independ- 
ent work calied Les Beiles americaines, 
an Air de hallet, and selcctions from 
Genevieve de Brahant, La Perichole 
and Les Contes d'HofJniann. One hopes 
this handsome collcction will rcappear 
on the Victrola label. Until that hap- 
pcns, those who wish to seck the dc- 
Ictcd original might ask for LSC-1990 
(Stereo) or LM-1990 (mono). 

For collcctions of orchestral Offen- 
bach available now, in addition to thc 
several recordings of Gälte parisienne, 
two discs mcrit attention. One is a Van- 
guard/Everyman assortment headed, 
not surprisingly, Ofjenhachiana, with 
Marcel Cariven conducting the Orches- 
tre Radio-Lyrique of Radio-Television 
Fran^aise in excerpts from La Vie 
parisienne, Le Violoneux, La Rose de 
Saint-Flour, La Grande Duchesse de 
Gerolstein, La Perichole, Lieschen et 
Fritzschen, La Belle Helene, Barbe- 
Bleue and Orphee aux enfers (SRV- 
242SD). The othcr is a Westminster on 
which Hermann Scherchen conducts 
the Vienna State Opera Orchcstra in 
the overtures to La Vie parisienne, 
Orphee aux enfers, Monsieur et Ma- 
dame Denis, La Belle Helene^ La 
Grande Duchesse de Gerolstein and 
Barbe-Bleue (WST-17035). 

If the combination of Scherchen and 
Offenbach seems unlikcly, it might be 
observcd that two of the titles on the 
Westminster disc were rcmakes for the 
Conducton, who recordcd thc overtures 
to La Belle Helene and Orphee aux 
enfers with thc Radio Bcromünster or- 




Lincoln Center 

for the Perform ing Arts 

The exciting program pubiications 
for this magnificeni- cultural complex 
are produced on a daily schedule 
by Blanchard Press, a ieader In 
the field of cultural publica- 
tion printing for nearly a Century 



nai^wip— »M »1 iiiwi 


chcstras, rcspcctivcly, on English Dccca 
78s. Even thc Olympian Otto KIcmpcrer 
recorded thc Belle Helene Ovcrturc, 
with thc Berlin State Opera Orchcstra, 
about thirty-five years ago (issued in 
this country by American Decca). It 
niight bc observcd, too, that these two 
bcst-i<nown OlVcnbach Overtures were 
not written by OfTcnbach himscif, but 
asscmbied from material in thc respcc- 
tive operas by other mcn. Thc Ovcrturc 
to Orphee au.x enfers was put together 
by Karl Binder for thc Vienna premierc. 
At present there are recordings of 
eight compicte OfTcnbach operas and 
operettes availablc in thc United States, 
although only five are listed in thc cur- 
rent Schwann (a sixth is shown in thc 
Schwann Supplenientanj Cataloi^.) La 
Belle Helene, La Grande Duchesse de 
Gerolstein and Orphee aux enfers have 

all been recorded under thc direction 
of Rene Leibowitz, availablc now as 
Everest S-458/2, Urania US-5115-2, 
and Everest S-438/2, rcspcctivcly. La 
Fille du Tamhour-Major with a stylish 
Parisian cast, is on a Pathe import, 
130573. Ba-ta-clan, a ''musical chi- 
lolserie in one act" and Les Bavards 
*The Gossips"), both conducted by 
Marcel Couraud, may be had from thc 
mail-order Musical Hcritage Society, 
thc former on MHS-794 (with thc Over- 
urc to MehuTs Les Deux av engl es de 
Tolede and an excerpt from Catel's 
LAnherge de Bagneres) thc latter on 
MHS-897. And, of course, there is 
Ho/Jniann. The two compicte record- 
ings are thc onc from the famous 
Beccham film, with Robert Rounscville 
as Hoffmann (London mono A-4302), 
and the opulent Angel set conducted 
by Andre Cluytens, with Nicolai Gedda 
as HofTman and Gianna d'Angelo, Elis- 
abeth Schwarzkopf and Victoria de los 

continned on page 28 

Reading Center 

for the 
Performing Arts 






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OpenMonday thru Friday 

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French Cuisine 

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141 West 69th St. TR 4-9060 


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After Lincoln Center we are open 

for your convenience 'tili 1 AM 

Luncheon • Dinner • Supper 

Diner's Club — Closed Sun 


Adelphi Acadcniy Parenf Teacher Association (May 23) 

Alumni and Friends of Madison House, Inc. (June 4) 

American Association of University Women-Paraiiu.s Branch (June 6) 

American-Israeli Li^hthouse, Inc. (May 24, June 3) 

American Jewish Congress— Kensington Chapter (May 24) 

American Medical Center at Denver— Westchester Chapter (June 13) 

American Museum of Natural History (June 10) 

Atlantic Beach Jewish Center (May 29) 

Barbara Tauscher Cardiac League (June 14) 

Beethoven Lod«e No. 661, F. & A. M. (June 3) 

B'nai B'rith— Empire Chapter No. 323 (May 24) 

B'nai B'rith— Great Neck Chapter (June 1 1) 

B'nai BVith— Hutchinson Chapter (May 24) 

B'nai BVith— Little Neck Lodge (June 14) 

B'nai BVith— Midwood Chapter (June 7) 

B'nai BVith— Murray Hill Chapter (May 22) 

B'nai B'rith— New Hyde Park Lodge (June 7) 

B'nai B'rith— Parkehester Chapter (May 24) 

B'nai B'rith— Passaic Lodge No. 1609 (June 7) 

B'nai B'rifli- Victory Chapter (June 7) 

B'nai Zion — Chai Chapter (June 14) 

Brandeis University National Women's Commiftee-Bergen County Chapter (June 14) 

Brandeis University National Women's Committee-Manhatlan Chapter (June 3) 

Brooklyn Section, National Council of Jewish Wonien, Inc. (June 7) 

Brooklyn Vassar Club (June 14) 

Brotherhood of Temple B'nai Israel of Elmont (June 14) 

Brotherhood of Temple Sharey Tefilo (May 24) 

Brotherhood Synagogue (June 11) 

Camp Williams (June 3) 

Cancer Care, Inc.— Boro Park Chapter (June 4) 

Childville, Inc.— Young Wonicn's League (Ethel Gershon Memorial Concert) (May 23) 

Colby Junior College Alumnae (May 27) 

College Club of Fair Lawn (May 24) 

Congregation Zichron Moshe (June 5) 

Conservative Synagogue of Riverdale— Mr. and Mrs. Club (June 5) 

Eastchester Opera Club (May 24) 

Fnglewood Cliffs Parent Teacher Association (June 13) 

Federation for Anti-Tuberculosis League of Israel (June 14) 

Federation of Jewish Philanthropies— Young Mens Real Estate Division (June 5) 

Federation of Jewish Women's Organizations (June 10) 

Florence Hoberman Philanthropie Junior League (June 13) 

Franciscan Missions (May 22) 

Free Synagogue of Westchester— Women's Guild (June 11) 

Friends of the Herzliah Hebrew Teachers Institute (June 1 I) 


Friends of the Philharmonie — Junior Committee (May 21) 

Garden City Unitarian Chureh (May 31) 

Genesis Hebrew Center (June 4) 

Hadassah — Bonoth Chapter (June 7, June 11) 

Hadassah — Dena Group (June 14) 

Hadassah — Flushing Chapter (May 24, June 10) 

Hadassah — Glen Rock & Ridgewood Chapter (June 7) 

Hadassah — Midwood Group (June 11) 

Hadassah — Millburn Chapter (May 24, May 28) 

Hadassah — Rose L. Schwartz Group (May 31) 

Hadassah — Shalom Group (June 7) 

Harris-Rachel Goldman Charitics, Inc. (June 4) 

Hewlett Park Civic Association (June 14) 

Hollins College Alumnae Club (June 4) 

Interfaith Neighbors (June 5) 

International Synagogue, Women's Division of International Synagogue and New York 
Board of Rabbis (June 12) 

Jewish Community Center, Plainfield, New Jersey (June 14) 

Jewish Labor Committee, (June 3) 

John Street School, District No. 17, Franklin Square (June 3) 

The Johns Hopkins Alumni Association, Metropolitan New York (June 6) 

League for Parent Education — Roslyn Chapter (June 13) 

Lifeline Center for Child Development (June 6) 

Machzike Talmud Torah of Boro Park (June 10) 

Maimonides Institute — Great Neck Chapter (May 28) 

Maimonides Institute — Manhattan Chapter (June 11) 

Maimonides Institute — Rockaway/5 Towns Chapter (May 28) 

Mizrachi Women's Organization of America — Aviva Chapter (May 29) 

Mizrachi Women's Organization of America — Na-Ava Chapter (June 11) 

Mizrachi Women's Organization of America — Queens Division (June 10, June 11) 

Montclair Academy Parents Association (June 3) 

National Secretaries Association (June 14) 

National Society for the Prevention of Blindness, Inc. (May 22) 

Nedivah Business & Professional Group of Hadassah (May 24, June 7) 

New York University Club (June 6) 

Palisades Gardens, Inc. (June 10) 

Park Avenue Christian Chureh Day School (May 21) 

Philharmonie Symphony of Westchester, Inc. — Women's Committee (June 7) 

Pioneer Women of Brooklyn (June 7) 

Rafiki Club of Montclair Rehabilitation Organization (June 5) 

Robert Fulton Lodge No. 1014, A. & F. M. (May 23) 

Rosary Mothers Club of Cure of Ars Catholic School (June 6) 

Saugatuck Congregational Chureh, Board of Christian Education (June 6) 

Shore League for Association for Retarded Children — Westchester Chapter (May 28) 

Sisterhood of Hollis Hills Jewish Center (June 14) 

Sisterhocd of Riverdale Jewish Center (June 4) 

Sisterhood of Temple B'nai Sholom (June 4) 

Sisterhood of Temple Emanuel of Englewood (June 4) 

Sisterhood of Temple Tifereth Israel of Staten Island (May 29) 

Smith College Club of New York (May 27) 

Stecker & Horowitz Music School (May 23) 

Suburban Chapter of Cancer Care, Bellmore, New York (June 14) 

Suburban Women's Club of Pompton Plains (June 14) 

Temple Beth Emeth — Mr. & Mrs. Club (June 14) 

Westchester Day School Parent Teacher Association (May 28) 

Women's American Ort — Cedarhurst/Woodmere Chapter (June 7) 

Women's American Ort — Malverne Chapter (May 28) 

Women's American Ort — New Windsor Chapter (May 31) 

Women's American Ort — North Shore, Long Island Region (May 24, May 27) 

Women's American Ort — Pyramid Chapter (June 13) 

Women's American Ort — Saxon Woods Chapter (June 6) 

Women's League for Israel — Harvest Chapter (June 13) 

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Young Israel of Fifth Avenue — Women's League (June 3) 

Young Israel of West Hempstead (May 29) 

Just where does the 

Russion Tea Room 


Slightly to the left 
of Cornegie Holl. 

150 W. 57 St. CO 5-0947 

AcToss from Lincoln Center 

A baten jor the huu^ry - a bil 
of cheese, a crust of n 
^(^Iciss of u'/ne, an aj^ple maybe. 


35 IF. 64 St. ibi't BUay & CPW) 



(^a/e des Aftlstes^ 


Lunch $3.25— Dinner $5.50 

TR 7-3343 -EN 2-6700 
1 West 67th Street, N.Y.C., N.Y. 10023 



is 239 Steps from the Steps of 
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51 West 64th Street, SC 4-7272. Open'til 2 A.M. 






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Süperb Viennese-Hungarian Cuisine 

Continental Pastry Shop 

Luncheon • Dinner • Snocks 

141 W 72nd Street TR 3-7700 



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Just a baton's throw \ 
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Offeiihacli . • • 

continiicd front pa^e 21 

caricaturc. The niiiltiplication of printcd 
outicts — daily and weekly — afl'ordcd in- 
niimerable ncw outlets tor such taicnt 
to cxprcss itscif. Daguerre's process was 
still of limited Utility, and portable 
photography was much furthcr in the 
futurc. lUustrativcly spcaking, for much 
of the Century, the draughtsman reigncd 

Olfenbach was not only typical of his 
time in the art he created, but also in 
what he provided for other artists to 
interpret. In his cello-playing days 
(which persistcd until he was well estab- 
lished as a composer, in the '50s), Offen- 
bach has becn described in a way 
that madc him scem almost a caricature 
in himself. "Whcther it was his extreme 
thinness, which exaggerated his hcight," 
writes Kracauer, "or whether it was his 
hawk-like nosc, his wholc appearance 
was unreal. He had long wavy hair and 
a remarkably high-arched brow, and 
when he started playing, he looked more 
rcmarkable than ever. He and his cello 
scemcd fuscd into one, like a ccntaur, 
and he seemed to be leaping through 
Space on a magic steed." 

It is, doubtless, from this mingling of 
fact and fantasy that there evolvcd the 
caricaturist's idea of representing Offen- 
bach graphically in terms of a musical 
instrument — with the strings of a lyre 
dangling from his grotesquely enlarged 
nose, or as part of a humanly animated 
drum, fiddling across his left arm, or in 
conjunction with the cello as Pegasus as 
well as centaur. Though there is no 
readily available evidence that Offen- 
bach was caricatured by Charles Phil- 
ipon, who is credited with putting the 
voguc for caricature in motion and 
founding a nuniber of publications (in- 
cluding La Charivan), he did provide a 
choice subject for one of his gröatest 
successors. Andre Gill. 

If Offenbach and the artists profited 
mutually from the activities of the 
other, they achieved a Virtual idcntity 
in La Vie parisienne. For, as well as 
being the name of one of the most pop- 
ulär of Offcnbach's operettas, it was the 
name of one of the most populär of 
satirical Journals. If the operetta is the 
"most enchanting of all paens of praise 
that have ever been written to any 
city," the publication kept Parisians 
everywhere entertained for decades. 
What could be more suitable, too, than 
that Ort'enbach's work should live on 
when all the temporal things, even a 
publication, connected with it, have 
perished? For, in his own words, what 
he aspired to write was "really gay, 
cheerfui, witty music — in short . . . 
music with life in it. . . ." More than a 
Century later, it still has. i.k. 

Reeord Slielf . . , 

continued from pa^e 25 

Angeles as his three loves (SCL-3667). 
Brief note might be taken here of 
three other anniversaries occurring dur- 
ing the period of the 'Tromenades,'' 
and of recordings related to them. May 
28 is the thirty-fifth anniversary of the 
beginning of the Glyndebourne Festi- 
val, which opened on that date in 1934 
with Mozart's Le Nozze di Fiiiuro. That 
production, with Willy Domgraf-Fass- 
bänder as Figaro and Fritz Busch con- 
ducting, is preserved in a three-disc 
Turnabout set, TV-4 114/16. 

June 1 is the onc-hundred-sixty-fifth 
anniversary of the birth of Mikhail 
Ivanovich Glinka, whose music is per- 
formed by the U.S.S.R. Symphony Or- 
chestra (which tourcd here recently as 
the Moscow State Symphony Orches- 
tra) under Yevgcny Svetlanov on 
Melodiya/Angel SR-4008I. It is an 
cnormously welcome assortment of re- 
markably attraclive music — the Jota 
arai^onesa, Summer Ni^ht in Madrid 
Kamarinskaya, the Valse-Fantaisie and, 
instead of the ubiquitous Overturc to 
Rnsslan and Lndmilla, some dclightful 
orchestral excerpts from that opera: the 
ballet music and ''Chernomor's March.** 
(If only the Mazurka from Ivan Sus- 
sanin had been included, too!) 

Finally, June 13 is Carlos Chävez' 
seventieth birthday, and the composer 
may be heard as conductor of the Or- 
questa Sinfonica Nacional de Mexico 
in all six of his symphonies in a three- 
record CBS set (32 31 0002). Henryk 
Szeryng is the soloist with the same 
forces in the Chävez Violin Concerto 
on a Single CBS LP, which also includes 
Chavez' celebrated transcription of a 
Buxtehude Chaconne in E minor (32 1 1 
0064). The Piano Concerto, with Eu- 
gene List as soloist and the composer 
conducting the Vienna State Opera Or- 
chestra, is on Westminster WST- 17030, 
and the remake of the famous ''Pro- 
gram of Mexican Music" was released 
four years ago as part of Columbia's 
Legacy Collection series, under the 
heading "Mexico: Its Cultural Life in 
Music and Art" (stereo LS- 101 6; mono 
LL-1015). The music — three pieces by 
Chävez himself and one each by Luis 
Sandi, Blas Galindo and Gerönimo 
Baqueiro Foster — was originally re- 
corded in New York in connection with 
the Museum of Modern Art 's 1940 ex- 
hibition "Twenty Centuries of Mexican 
Art." The remake was recorded in 
Mexico City and packaged with a sev- 
enty-page book. stunningly illustrated 
and with bilingual text, on Mexico*s 
cultural history, its twentieth-century 
renaissance in mural painting, and the 
music itself. Richard freed 


Y>u have nothing to fear 
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In one way, driving in Europe 
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Unlike the traffic signs one finds in the 
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All the signs in Europe, the British 
Isles, and Scandinavia are the same. And 
only one of them relies on w^ords to make 
its point, and that is in English : STOP. 

"They all drive on the wrong 
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And other misconceptions. 

Every man has his ow^n misconceptions 
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people share at least one of these : 

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These are misconceptions, not false- 
hoods. First, in the British Isles they do 
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But everyw^here eise they drive on the 
right like we do. 

Second, many back roads in Europe are 
narrov^ and winding, and so beautiful 
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someplace fast. 

But thousands of miles of roads 
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And last, Hertz cars are available 
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can go to the other end of the scale and 
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The special driving tours we can arrange 
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the good roads, and the reasonable rates, 
having a car becomes simply a beautifully 
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If youVe thinking about a trip in the 
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Liiu'oln Ceiiter's Iiiipact oii Its Coiiiiimiiity 

ONE wHOi E dccade has passcd since 
Lincoln Center for thc Pcrforming 
Arts acquired its prcscnt site — a threc- 
block area in thc heart of thc Manhat- 
tan urban Community known as Lincoln 


Revolutionary physical changes have 
takcn place in that Community in thosc 
ten years. Many morc are to comc. Thc 
corc of this changc compriscs the Lin- 
coln Center buildings and plaza, attract- 
ing an avcrage of 13,000 people per 
day. The Lincoln Center structures, in 
turn, sparked around them one of the 
most extensive new-building booms ever 
Seen in Manhattan. 

Several high-rise apartments have 
been built since the advent of Lincoln 
Center. So have the new New York 
Times plant, the Energy Control Center 
of Consolidated Edison, the Greater 
New York American Red Cross head- 
quarters and several smaller commercial 
and industrial buildings, including num- 
erous new restaurants. Property values 
in Lincoln Square have, of course, 
soared. An analysis by the Consulting 
firm of Brown, Harris. Stevens, Inc. 
revealed that since the fiscal year 1962 
the real estate tax base for the area has 
brought into the city annually some ten 
million dollars more than the city used 
to collect. Thc real estate tax base has 
thus been almost doubled. 

These are the changes that meet the 
eye. Less obvious, but just as important. 
is the changc (or perhaps one should 
say the constructive evolution) of rela- 
tionships bctwecn Lincoln Center for 
the Pcrforming Arts and the West Side 
urban Community into which it moved. 
Like evcry new resident invading an 
old, established ncighborhood, Lincoln 
Center had to, was wi'Ün'Z to and did 
earn acceptance on a variety of fronts. 
Henry R. Marquit, Chairman of the 
Borough President's Planning Board for 
the region, wrote rccently to Lincoln 
Center's president, William Schuman: 
''As a member of the Community Plan- 

i»t ♦ 


» 1.1 - » •/ 











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Site for Lincoln Ccnlcr in 1957 with low bitildiniis on the prcscnt Plaza area. 

ning Board, I have had occasion to rc- 
mark to my colleagues that Lincoln 
Center, although cosmopolitan, sophis- 
ticated and International,' has actually 
bccome part of the ncighborhood: it has 
done this in many small but important 


Mr. Marquit rcferred to Lincoln Ccn- 
ter's year-round and day-to-day elTorts, 
as the neighborhood's focal institution, 
to werk closely with the people of the 
Community in dealing with problems, 
changes and projectcd plans. Lincoln 
Center and its representatives do this 
through the Lincoln Square Community 
Council, of which Lincoln Center is a 
founding member. The Council is also 
madc up of the area's residcnts. busi- 
nessmen, Roosevelt Hospital, the Ste- 
phen Wise Free wSynagogue. the West 
Side Young Men's Christian Association 
and several additional organizations. As 
Council members, they maintain a firm 
and continuing liaison with thc OfTice 

Cover photo by Sandor Acs 

of the Manhattan Borough President 
and Local Community Planning Board 
Numbcr Seven. Together they deal with 
such varying problems as tenant evic- 
tions. ncighborhood sccurity, trafTic con- 
gestion, social welfare needs, inadcquatc 
Street lighting, the unpopulär plan for a 
Stolport on Lincoln Square's riverfront 
and a wide ran«.^e of other matters. Thc 
Council meets once a month through the 
year: a special committce dealing with 
a cnrrent study, the Lincoln Square 
Community Action Planning Program, 
meets weekly. 

Lincoln Center's interest and activi- 
ties within the Council are articulated 
by Henry E. Bessire. Lincoln Center 
Vice President for Development. In an 
election by the Citizens of the Communi- 
ty, he was made a member of the Lin- 
coln Square Community Council Board 
and was then. in turn, clected as a Vice 
President of the Council by thc Board 

contitiiied on jnii^c 52 

(ri968 bv Saliirdny Review, Inc. All riuhls rcserved. Rcpiochiction in wliole ^^r '" P-^rt 
of :my :«"nicif wiihoiit pcrmission is prohibilcd. Printcd in thc United Stntes of America. 

n.E PHtiHARMONtc HAt L Proc.r.m. published by Saturday Review. Inc.. 380 Madison Avenue. New York 17. N.Y. Staff for the Pm^ 

W. D. Patterson. Publisher: Richard l . Tobin. Associate Publisher: Irvinc Kolod.n, td.tor.jd DncMor: ^^'^/^;^" .^ ^^'^ "^^^0^ Ac ve is^^^^^^ D cc 

Robert Jacobson, Manaying Editor; Irving Spellens, Art Director; Joseph Gaspariio. Prodiiction Manager; Htrbcil J. Tcison, Adveit.sinj. 

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John D. Rockcfeller 3rd 


Winiani Schiiman 


Charles M. SpolTord 
Devereux C. Josephs 


Gustave L. Levy 


Amyas Arnes 
Hoyt Animidon 
Francis .1. Bloiisiein 
Robert F. Rhim 
Ciilhert W. Chapman 
lohn W. Drye, Jr. 
Cläre nee Francis 
Lander Cireenway 
Harry Helmsley 
Robert I . Hoguet 
Mrs. Lytle Hüll 
David M. Keiser 

Goddard Lieberson 
William F. May 
Rev. L. J. McGinley, S.J. 
George S. Moore 
Robert Moses 
Frank Slanton 
George D. Stoddard 
Harry Van Arsdale, Jr. 
Lawrence A. Wien 
George D. Woods 
lülaar B. Young 


Honorable John V. Lindsay, Mayor of New York 
Honorable August Heckscher, Commissioner of Parks 


Hoyt Ammidon 


R. Manning Biown. Jr. 
Mrs. Robert L. Hoguet 
Howard B. Johnson 
[devereux C. Josephs 
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Peter Mennin, Juillianl Svhool of Music 

Carlos Moseley. New York Philharnionic 

Richar^l Kodgers, The Mnsie Theater oj Lincoln Center 

Julius Rudel, New York City Opera 

Mark Schubarl, Lineoln Center 

William Schuman, Lineoln Center 


John W. Mazzola, Senior Vicc-Prcsiilent and General Connscl 

John L. Bauer, Vice-President, Operations 

Henry F. Bessire, Vice-Prcsident, Development 

Schuyier G. Chapin. Vice-President, Proi^raniniin^ 

Mark Schubarl, i i( e-President, Lducation 

Robert P. Brannigan. Director for Productions 

C arl Cannon, Director, Visitors Services 

Joseph Ciorman, Jr., Controller 

George H. Henderson, Secretary and Associate Connscl 

Thomas R. Mathe ws. Director, Editor ial Services 

John ü'Keefe, Director, Public Infc^rnuiiion 


\Luk Schubarl (Lincoln Cenler) 


Philip Hart (Juilliard School of Music) 

John Gulman (Metropolitan Opera) 

Mrs. Cieorge A. Garden (New York Philharnionic) 

Mrs. Norman Lassalle (The City Center of Music and Drama) 

Ronald Bruguiere (The Music Theater of Lincoln Center) 

Mrs. Jean Godfrey (The New York Public Library) 

Alan Mandell (The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center) 


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Doctors who expect to he called during 
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FIRE NOTICE. The exit indicated by a 
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Farewell to the Budapest Quartet 

Editor's NOTE: The followini^ urticlc is 
basal cm u cluiptcr in a forthcoiuini^ 
hook cm the history of qiuirtet pUiyin^. 
Mr. Krieiisnuins collahorator i\ Tihor 
Bartok of Washiniiton, D.C. (iio kin oj 
the conifw.ser) . 


LooKiNG back on a half-ccntury of 
achievcmcnt soon to bc ccicbratcd 
by a commcmorativc exhibit in the 
Library of Congress, the Budapest 
Quartet has now come to terms with 
a milestone of another sort. Its per- 
forming days are no more. The present, 
final members of the Quartet — Rois- 
man, Kroyt. and the two Schneiders — 
are ready to acquiesce, albeit with a cer- 
tain wistful reluctance. Health problems 
have impeded their Joint activities for 
several years. First vioIinist Joseph Rois- 
man, who is sixty-eight, sulYered a heart 
attack in 1960 and has been forced to 
obscrve a carefui regimen since. Cellist 
Mischa Schneider, sixty-four, under- 

went a scrious back Operation not long 
ago, and violist Boris Kroyt. seventy- 
two, is presently recuperating froni 
surgery. Sccond vioIinist Alexander 
-Sascha" Schneider, the baby of the 
group at sixty, is in good health and 
remains fully active. 

But medical questions aside. the reali- 
zation has gradually come upon the 
four that to resume their mutnal career 
would subject them to a pace and strain 
they would be wiser to avoid. The 
Friedberg Management, sole rcpresenta- 
tive for the Budapest since 1930, ceased 
Operation after the 1966-67 season, and 
the Quartet has not listcd its availability 
elsewhere. But in this era of the phono- 
graph's pre-eminence for Chamber mu- 
sic, which the Budapest itself did so 
much to engender, the Quartet will con- 
tinue to be heard as long as there are 
spindles and Speakers, and beyond. In- 
deed, the 'last word" has not been 
heard, for Columbia is guarding a trove 
of taped Performances yet to bc pro- 
cessed for rclease on disc. 

For those acquainted with onc er 
another account of the Quartet's back- 
ground, choice of 1968 as the year for 
a retrospective exhibit may seem a p!oy 
for some current consideration, as the 
Quartet's lounding has been placed in 
every year betwecn 1917 and 1922 but 
the right one. Verification of 1918 
comes not only from remembrances of 
the oldest continuing member. but froni 
a small medallion in bis possession. It 
belongs to Roisman and was received by 
him from a Dutch Chamber music Soci- 
ety which had the medallion Struck to 
commemorate the Budapest's tenth sea- 
son. The inscription on the back reads: 

As for the choice of the opening date, 
December 18 (this year, a Wednesday) 
is a special occasion at the Library of 
Congress every year, marking the an- 
niversary of the death of Antonius 
Stradivarius, who built the five magnifi- 
cent Instruments used by the Library 's 
resident quartet. This was. for twenty- 
two years, the Budapest ensemble. 





Ahove- The original trio— Häuser, Ipolvi and Son—with hnre Po^any isceomi front ;/>///). (Far ri^^ht) A London 
memento of 1928 showinf^ Joseph Roisman, who rcplaced Pomnyi, standin,u' hcside the -Orthophonic phono^'raph. 
Below The lon^-famiUar foursome— Roisman, A. Schneider, Kroyt and M. Schneider— in a 1936 photo hy C.rünherg 
of the Haf^ue. {Far right) Mid-forties, with Edgar Orten berg as se cond viohn. 


«' i. 

jMll^m ^^^^P 




Membership of the 

Budapest Quartet 










Ist Violin 










2nd Violin 







































Italics indicalc 

the year in which 

a replacement 


Under the supcrvision of Dr. Harold 
Spivacke, chicf of the Library's Music 
Division, an exhibit of letters, scores, 
pictures, and other memorabilia will be 
hoLised in the anteroom and corridors 
of the 527-seat Coolidge Auditorium, 
where, until 1962, the Budapest per- 
formed for entranced thousands who 
paid 25 cents a ticket for the privilege 
of attendance. 

To date, no one has ever set forth a 
complete and accurate chronicle of the 
Budapest Quartet with its changing con- 
stituencies over fifty years; this would 
appear a fitting moment to try. To be 
fair about it, mention must be made of 
a still older Budapest Quartet, which 
flourished during the 1880s and 1890s, 
and earned the admiration of Brahms. 
Its founder was the eminent Violinist 
Jenö Hubay, a pupil of Joachim and 
tcacher of Szigeti. Brahms himself once 
performed his C-minor Trio with Hubay 
and the Quartet's cellist, David Popper 
(Budapest, 1886). But we come now to 
the year 1918, a year marked not only 
by the great Armistice, but also by such 
events as the death of Claude Debussy 
and the creation of vStravinsky's UHis- 
toire du Soldat. The same year saw the 
birth of a second Budapest Quartet, the 
one that, fifty years and 4,000 concerts 
later, is still among us. 

The original members — the Hungari- 
ans Emil Hauser, Alfred Indig, and Ist- 
van Ipolyi, and the Dutchman Harry 
Son — played together in the orchestra 
of the Budapest Opera. They decided to 
take their chances on the road as a quar- 
tet at a time when the prospects for 
making a living in this fashion were ex- 
ceedingly dim. Nevertheless, the group 
thrived: by the 1925-26 season, they 
were playing 115 concerts in virtually 
cvery European nation, England includ- 
ed. The succeeding fluctuations in per- 
sonnel can be grasped more readily by 
referring to the accompanying table. 

The years at the top represent points 
of change, and the names in italics in- 
dicate new or returning members. As 
the table reveals, altogether thcrc were 
cicven mcn who sat in the Budapest 
chairs at one time or another. The posi- 
tions of first violin, viola and cello 
changed hands only once. Most of the 
turnover involved the second fiddle, in- 

cluding the unique case of abandonment 
followed by a later return (Alexander 
Schneider). It can also be seen that 
Roisman was the only membcr ever to 
move from one spot in the ensemble to 
another; as things turned out, that was 
to be a crucial permutation. 

Indig was the first to leave, in 1920 
(his subsequent whereabouts are un- 
certain, but he is believed to have played 
in the Conccrtgcbouw Orchestra). His 
place was takcn by Imre Pogany, who 
had studied violin with the same Hubay 
who founded the Budapest's earlier 
namesake. Invited to join the Cincinnati 
Symphony under Reiner, Pogany emi- 

grated to the United States. Later he 
held the post of principal second Violin- 
ist in the New York Philharmonie under 
Toscanini, until his retircment in 1959. 
Pogany was succccdcd by Roisman in 
1927. The following year, the Budapest 
made its earlicst recordings with Rois- 
man as second fiddle (there were a 
handfui of previous pressings during 
Pogany's tenurc) for HMV in London, 
and the Quartet played the concert in- 
Ilolland at which the deccnnial mcdal- 
lion was prescnted. 

When Roisman entcred the Quartet, 
he found himself constrained to alter his 
bowing technique at the cost of much 

Ahove: Japanese welcome in 1952, with Jac Gorodetzky (second from left) as second 
violin. Below: The final personnel, with A. Schneider again as second violin ( 1955). 




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agonizing practicc. bccausc of a pcculi- 
arity of Budapest style at the time. Pas- 
sagcs that other qiiartets would takc 
spicccito~-\\\.\{ is, with a skipping bow 
(e.g., most of the Scherzo in Beethoven's 
Op. 59, No. 1 )— the Budapest played at 
the point of the bow using very short, 
incisive strokes. This was so much of a 
Budapest cachet in those days that the 
Gernian press had dubbed thcm the 
Spitzenquartett (the "Point Quartet''). 
It was an invention, however, of which 
necessity was clearly the mother; Rois- 
nian insists that the device was adopted 
bccause some of bis confrcres had a 
very weak spiccuto. Five years later, 
when Roisman was elevated to the lead- 
ership of the Quartet. thcy reverted to 
stylistic tradition; a brilliant spiccato has 
bcen a prominent leature of Budapest 
playing ever since. 

In 1930, the ensemble undertook its 
first Visit to the United States, as part of 
a World tour. Before the departure, 
Harry Son resigned. [Eventually he re- 
turned to his native Holland, was cap- 
tured and presumably killed by the 
Nazis. Son was not the only membcr 
who tasted the bitter medicine of the 
New Order. In hiter years, Ipolyi had to 
flec from Norway to Swedcn to evade 
the Wehrmacht, and a sistcr of Mischa 
and Sascha Schneider. Manja, a gifted 
pianist, was exterminated at Dachau. 
Roisman recalls that in Berlin in 1933, 
while the Budapest still made its head- 
quarters there. some uniformed Nazis 
came backstage to otfer congratulations, 
undcr the mistaken impression that the 
members were all Hungarian (by then 
Ipolyi was the only one remaining). 
Shortly afterwards, sensing the inevita- 
ble, the Quartet transferred its residence 
to Paris.l To return, though, to the world 
tour: With Mischa Schneider as the new 
Cellist, the Quartet stopped first in the 
Dutch East Indies, where the strings had 
to competc against the noise of lizards 
roaming the conccrt hall, and the Play- 
ers' shoes had to be examined every 
morning for scorpions. 

The American debut of the Budapest 
Quartet then took place in New York, 
under the auspices of the League of 
Composers. with a program consisting 
of quartets by Hindemith (Op. 16) and 
Kodaly (Op. 10). The date was January 
4, 1931. There was another anspicious 
premiere that day, for Aaron Copland 
gave the first Performance of his Piano 
Variations on the same program. The 
Herald-Tribune, referring to the Buda- 
pest as "an Organization well known in 
Central Europe." lauded its "rieh and 
translucent texture." 

Not long afterwards, Häuser began 
pressing his colleagues for free time, so 
that he could tour as a duo with harpsi- 
chordist Alice Ehlers. The others found 
themselves unable to accede to his in- 

continued on page 46 


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GARio MARIA c.iuiiNi is that kind 
Ol rara avis — a inan completcly dc- 
votcd to his art, thc art of miisic. With 
niodcsty bordcring on sclf-cfTaccmcnt 
("A conductor is a scrvant of thc scrv- 
ants of music/' hc sccms to say on thc 
podium). with remarkablc and scrupu- 
lüus dcdication, with total and genuine 
involvcmcnt, Giiilini has towcringly 
stood apart from thc ncw hrccd of 
yoLing macstros who havc doggcdly 
sought thc public eye, thc glamorous 
ktiilieu, thc "carcer at any cost." 

'i am a man," hc ofTcrs with disarm- 
ing simplicity. "I love very much thc 
human heing. Playing music is thc lovc 
approach. I sufTcr very much in music, 
but I try to do as best I can. All niy 
lifc 1 havc been completcly in thc music, 
1 havc dcdicatcd to thc music all my 
spirit, all my human cxpcricncc. And I 
give all my lovc to it." 

Thc tall, aristocratic Giulini, who 
makcs his debut with thc New York 
Philharmonie in a month-long serics of 
conccrts beginning on December 12, 
points to thc past for thc seeds of his 
musical involvcmcnt and philosophy. 
Born in Basletta on thc Adriatic in 1914, 
hc studied composition and viola at the 
Accademia di Santa Cccilia in Rome. 
From thc start, music mcant hard labor. 
Whilc still a Conservatorio Student dur- 
ing the mid- 1930s, he joincd fhc old 
Augiistco Orchestra in Rome as a violist. 
During the Augustco season. he would 
gct up at six and do counterpoint exer- 
cises as preludc to five and a half hours 
of orchestral rchcarsal, his schedulc bc- 
ing rounded ofT b\ hours of solo practica 
and string-quartet scssicns with Student 

•*1 had the great luck," hc rccalls, "to 
play in Rome under thc great conduc- 
tors of a great gencration — all except 
Toscanini, who was in America at that 
timc. I played under Walter, Furtwäng- 
ler, Klempercr, Strauss, Mengelbcrg, 
Kleiber, as well as with all thc great 
soloists, too. I still havc thc sound of 
Horowitz in my hcad, the notes with 
lifc and blood in thcm — how they camc 
out physically and plastically dei^li spir- 
iti, füll of vitality. And Huberman — 
onc of thc great expcrienccs of my lifc. 
That is to say that my gencration had 
thc great chance and happirrcss to live 
/// an orchestra. to sit in the chairs and 
do it ph\sically, not just to listen to 
rchcarsals of an orchestra — but physi- 
cally to play and fccl onesclf involvcd. 
It was fascinating, for instance, to play 
Brahms under all thcse difTcrent mcn, to 
scc how thc same probicms were han- 
dled by Walter or Sabata." Bruno Wal- 
ter and Klempercr are those hc remem- 
bcrs best; they taught him much hc 
would ncver otherwise havc Icarncd as 
quickly, if at all, about that dement in 
music on which all thc rest depends: 
form — through which a great frcedom 

Angel Records 

Carlo Maria Giulini 

'7 hate routine with all my strength. Every time you toiich the music, 

it is the most important time . . ." 

and warmth of exprcssion can then 


Later, hc finally did mect Maestro 
Toscanini, when he returncd to Italy 
aftcr the war and setticd in Milan. Giu- 
lini, then director of thc Milan Radio 
Orchestra, was literally on thc clder's 
doorstep. As did many other cultivated 
Italians, Giulini lookcd upon Toscanini 
as a sort of god — and he ncver worked 
up thc courage to approach him. But 
in March of 1951, Giulini conducted a 
broadcast of Haydn's long-fallow // 
momlo ciclla liina. Two days later, hc 
rcccivcd a call from Wally Toscanini, 
thc Countess Castelbarco, who told 
him her father had heard thc broadcast 
and was very pleascd, and that he 
wanted to meet thc young maestro. He 
was grected by widc-flung arms and a 
smilc under the bristling moustache. He 

Said, among other things, that bcforc 
the broadcast hc had not known a notc 
of // momlo, but he was sure Giulini's 
handling of thc score had been right in 
all ways — tempo, dynamics, style, char- 
acterization, the lot. Thc friendship, or 
disciple-guru rclationship, which began 
that day endcd only with Toscanini's 
death in 1957. 'Tt was an unforgettablc 
cxpcricncc, becausc I knew the man 
Arturo Toscanini, and I tried to drink 
in all his cxpcricncc in all kinds of mu- 
sic. Hc was a marvelous Speaker and 
talker with an unbclievablc memory of 
the past. 1 didn't lose onc minutc to put 
questions and gct answers." 

What Maestro Giulini evolved out of 
all this carly cxpcricncc was a truly in- 
ternational perspective of music. To- 
day, he emphasizes, "I don't bclicvc in 
iron curtains betwecn Italy or Austria 






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some of the shows you see on our sets 

Horowitz: a Television Concert at Carnegie Hall. We were 
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or Gcrmany or Riissia. Rcgionalism in 
art is lost. A fcw years ago in Vcnicc, 
at a moi!crn art cxhibit, I saw works 
that rcscmblcd onc anothcr from 
Mexico, Europc and so on. Sty!cs wcrc 
intcrchangcd, not hound by nations. Bc- 
forc, ycs, wo had vcry dilVcrcnt customs, 
architccturc charactcristics in cach 
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"Great art," he firmly bclieves, **is 
universal, for everyonc. In cach per- 
son's intcrprctation, bis human and cul- 
tural and practical experiencc comes 
out. But there is no rcason that an 
American can't conduct Verdi and 
Schubert as he does Copland and Bern- 
stein, though he will give a difTcrent 
spirit in intcrprctation. I think the great 
art, music, is for all himianity and tor- 
ever. True, society and humanity arc al- 
ways changing. It is not the same today 
as during the I6th or I7th centurics — 
WC cat and think difTcrently now. As 
for musical Performance, we don't know 
how they did it, except by theory. Gen- 
crally, they performed vcry badly, I'm 
surc. If we heard thcir Performances, 
we would be shockcd — and if compos- 
ers like Beethoven and Rossini could 
hear ours today, they would be vcry 

"Ycs, I think therc cxlst stylcs — you 
definitcly cannot play Bach as you do 
Brahms. But I don't think it is right to 
try to make a muscum of the music. Of 
course, if you have a mcdieval or 
Gothic Statue, it is rherc — but music 
livcs out of Performance: Performance 
is lifc. I deeply bclicvc that the first Cle- 
ment in Performance is lifc and love. 
And, then, 1 think it is important to 
have much experiencc and knowicdgc 
about the history of the time of the 
music to go with this. A letter of Mo- 
zart's, for instance, teils how he would 
be happy to have an orchestra of 100 
violins, or that although Bach's pos- 
sibilitics wcrc small for the orchestra 
in the B-minor Mass, the music itself 
is big like the world." 

The conductor has carcfully weighed 
these prob'cms of style over the years, 
but hc rclishes two taics that prove bis 
point. Wilhc'm Furtwänger was in Paris 
with the Berlin Philharmonie on tour, 
and at the first concert hc pla\ed a 
Bach suitc. 'The ncxt day thcre was a 
grciit scandal — evervone said that this 
was not Bach but Romantic playing. At 
a press Conference, hc was asked about 
this polemic of style and replicd: 'I 

think whcn an audiencc docsn't go to 
sicep, they think the style is wrong.' If 
a Performance is not boring, they say 
the style is wrong. 

"Hindemiih (an unbclicvablc man 
and talcnt, a beautifui mind and music) 
used to perform concerts in Gcrmany. 
Once hc started rehearing Bach with 
a famous orchestra and the strings 
played all stciccato, with no vibrato, and 
no dynamics, only between mezzo piano 
and mezzo forte. After fivc minutcs, hc 
stopped and asked them for a more 
beautifui sound and sonority. The lead- 
er Said he was vcry sorry but 'we come 
from the direct Bach tradition and this 
is the style, this is the right way.' Hinde- 
mith paused, then commented that this 
was vcry interesting. *But I don't know 
how, with no vibrato, Bach could have 
so many sons," and a broad smile 
sweeps across Giulini's face. 

*'Man," he continues, "always loved, 
laughcd, suffered, enjoyed, was despe- 
rate and so on all through history. And 
this is so today — it is the problcm of 
gencrations and was true threc thou- 
sand years ago. You can see this is the 
same with the birds in Central Park. 
The expression is difTcrent in the Mo- 
zart G -minor or Tristan and Isolde or 
the B-minor 'Angus Dei' and the Bee- 
thoven Missa solemnis 'Crucifixus' — but 
the sentiment that dictatcd them came 
from the same need to express a great 
emotion. The human problems are al- 
ways there in the heart. And 1 think it 
is tcrribly dangerous if style and tradi- 
tion are put into an iron vest. They 
must be allowed to breathc, to move, 
with no rigid ruies." 

To amplify bis point further, he dra- 
matizes a black period in his career 
whcn he began to conduct after the 
war. He Icd the first concert in Romc 
after the liberation, in the Teatro 
Adriana, his vcry first concert after 
years of study. "Right after, they asked 
me for more concerts at Santa Cecilia, 
and they asked me to perform the six 
Brandenburg Concertos. I said I was 
not yet ready, that this music had great 
Problems and I was too young and with 
too little experiencc to play this great 
music. I resisted, they insisted. They 
sent a musician, Giulio Augusti — a fine 
and intelligent man whom I respected 
and admired — and hc said to me, 'Look, 
after all the sufi'cring weVc had here 
and all the terriblc unrest and unsettling 
in Italy, after all this, it is not allowed 
for you to think this. The pcople need 
music and to start to beüevc again. You 
are a musician — you must do it and 
take the risk. You must do it for the 
man who needs music." Giulini himscif 
had spcnt months in hiding as a politi- 
cal dissentient during the Nazi occupa- 
tion of Italy. 

l said I would do it, and then I 

continued on page 22 

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Giulini • • • 

continucd froni pa^e 18 

said to myscif that Bach is in thc sky," 
and hc rcachcs high ahovc his hcad 
with a firm, but graccful, movement. 
'*! am nothing, just a smail stonc. I 
am on the knee of Bach to adore. Whcn 
l conductcd the music, I tried to do it 
with niore than respect — the 'do-not- 
toiich' approach. Thcn 1 reaUzed that 1 
had killed this music, because all thc 
respect and thinking should be in the 
preparation and the study. In the Per- 
formance you have to he the composer: 
This is niy music, part of my body — 
it belongs to nie.' 

''Since then (1945), the next time I 
conductcd Bach was only last year whcn 
I did the B-minor Mass. I had a bad 
conscience, such deep dolor that 1 did 
this to Bach. 1 had not the courage to 
love Bach and to give him myself out 
of the respect and study. 1 did him this 
bad Service by not giving my heart to 
him. Whcn 1 finally did the B-minor in 
Edinburgh, 1 worked very dceply on it, 
stopping all activitics for three months 
to prepare it. At thc first rehearsal, I 
told thc orchestra and chorus that we 
will perform one of the high points in 
music — and that I want the audience 
not to aclniire this work, but to love it!" 

Carlo Maria Giulini, who is countcd 
among the grcatest opera conductors of 
our time, has applied the same kind of 
deep, painstaking and demanding hab- 
its to this arca of his work — with re- 
sults that have aroused thc anticipa- 
tion and excitement fcw othcr operatic 
macstros have brought to their work 
sincc Sabata and Toscanini. But last 
winter — after a long serics of brii- 
liant operatic productions undcr his 
baton at La Scala, Rome, Covent Gar- 
den and elsewhere on the Continent — 
he announced his decision to desert the 
operatic stage for the concert platform. 
"I say maybe, not forcver or always — 
thesc words arc not for man. But I will 
stop now for four or five ycars and do 
only conccrts. 'Why' is delicate to say. 
First of all, I feel that I nced a pcriod 
of changc. I was born into symphonic 
and concert music and grcw up in this. 
1 canic to opera only later, after I had 
begun to conduct. Now I fcci I nced a 
pcriod to concentratc on symphonic 
music. Yet I love thc human voice and 
the great masterpicces writtcn for it. the 
rcquicms and masscs and so on — and 
thesc I will do. So thcre will still be the 
voices and chorus for nie. 

*'But for my personal fceling, two 
composers who completcly realizcd thc 
idea of combining the tcxt, music and 
action arc Mozart and Verdi," two com- 
posers who have all but dominated Giu- 
lini's operatic endcavors, wherever he 
has agreed to collaboratc on a ncw pro- 
duction. "Today, it is possible to have a 
very good Mozart cast — but it is almost 
impossible to have really the right Verdi 
cast. The real Verdi singcrs with stature 
arc so fcw and they arc so engagcd 
and have so much to sing everywherc 
that it is hard to cast a Verdi opera with 
the complete right cast — not just one or 
two — and to have enough rehearsal and 
preparation work, too. 1 am not ready 
to acccpt the idca that an opera Per- 
formance should be Icss preparcd than 
a symphonic concert, because there is 
no reason for this. A singer must do a 
Mozart or Verdi opera with the same 
attitudc as he does the Mozart or Verdi 
Requiem. Too often in Verdi opera you 
must acccpt compromiscs. I suffer too 
much this way. I try, but 1 can't. I must 
be happy with myself and my work. It is 
true that music is too great to be happy 
in it — you must suffer. But I cannot be 
too unhappy in it!" 

Giulini, too, has found problems in 
the operatic productions themselves. At 
Milan's La Scala, whcre he was per- 
manent maestro for four historic ycars 
as the immcdiate successor to Sabata, 
he fought for thc importance of produc- 
tion and direction. *Today, there is a 
ncw generation, and it is a great mis- 
take if opera does not follow the dcvel- 
opment of acting and the visual thing 
that has happened in movies and thea- 
ter. Wc do not go to the theatcr or 
movies and still sce old-fashioned actors 
and sets of 80 ycars ago. We don't ac- 
ccpt this," and his arms spring out in 
semaphoric gestures to dcmonstrate. *'l 
was one of the conductors who fought 
to give great importance to the sccnery 
and production in opera." 

This fight for a complete and overall 
conception led to significant collabora- 
tions with Luchino Visconti (whose 
Marriüi^e of Fiiicno was seen here with 
the visiting Rome Opera last summer) 
and Franco Zeffirc!li. With Visconti hc 
created a highly controvcrsial Travicita 
at La Scala with Maria Callas in 1953, 
as well as an impressive Don Carlo 
( 195(S) and Trovatore (1963 ) at Covent 
Garden. His work with ZeiTirelli has cn- 
compasscd Rossini's Ccncrcnfola and 
LItaliana in Ali^eri. as well as Verdi's 
Falstajj. *'Visconti was born into thc 

continiied on page 31 



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New York Philharmonie 



Saturday Eveninf^ December 7, 1968, at 8:30 

Andre Kostelaiietz, comiucwr 


7 56 Ist Concert 


CORELLI Suite for String Orchestra 

I Sarabanda: Largo 

II Giga 
III Badinerie: Vivace 

(Arranged for string orchestra by Ettore Pinelli) 

Capriccio Burlesco 

{First Performance anywhere. Commissioned by the New York 
Philharmonie for its 125th anniversary year.) 

GRIEG Concerto in A minor for Piano and Orchestra, 
Opus 16 

I Allegro moderato 
II Adagio 
in Allegro moderato molto e marcato 


RiMSKY-KORSAKOV *Scheherazade, Opus 35 

I The Sea and Sinbad's Ship 
II The Story of the Kalendar Prince 

III The Young Prince and the Young Prmcess 

IV Festival at Baghdad; The Sea; The Ship Goes to Pieces 
Against a Rock Surmounted by a Bronze Warrior 

DAVID NADIEN, vioUn SOloist 

Mr. Johannesen plays the Steinway Piano 

Steinway Piano 

Columbia Records 

*Recorded by the New York Philharmonie 

The taking of photographs and the use of recording eqiiipment are not allowed in this auditorium 

Members of the audience who must leave the auditorium before the end of the 
concert are earnestly requested to do so between numbers, not during the Performance. 


: f. 





Suite for String Orchestra 


Sarabanda: Largo 


Badinerie: Vivace 

Born February 17, 1653, Fusignano, near Imola; died January 8, 1713, Rome. 

IN THE glamour, power and prestige of his art, Arcangelo Corelli seemed an archangel 
of music — not only to his Roman contemporaries who were fortunate enough to hear 
him in the flesh, but to music lovers throughout his native Italy, across the continent of 
Europa and even in faraway London. At the peak of Italy's great Baroque age, he was 
hailed as the greatest living composer of instrumental music. This meant, in eflfect, the 
greatest who had ever lived. For prior to Corelli's day, mere instrumental music had — if 
one disregards such exceptional achievements as the shofars at the Battle of Jericho or 
the lyre of Orpheus in the Underworld — rarely rivalled the glorious traditions of vocal art. 
Although Corelli came from the small town of Fusignano, his ancestors were no mere 
landed gentry but an ancient and illustrious clan, which included medical doctors, lawyers, 
mathematicians and poets. However, they were not musicians. Corelli had his chief 
musical training not at home but at the great musical center of Bologna. 

In Rome, where he spent most of his professional life, he was honored as befitted his 
genius. His patrons were not only the high clergy, including two cardinals, but also Queen 
Christina of Sweden, who, since her abdication, lived in Rome as one of the most enlight- 
ened patrons of the arts. One of the youngest and riebest cardinals in Rome, Pietro Otto- 
boni, the nephew of Pope Alexander VIII, engaged Corelli as his director of music and 
first Violinist, lodging him in the magnificent Ottoboni Palace. The palace was famous for 
its library, museum, and salon, and after Corelli's appointment, Ottoboni's musical Mon- 
days became the rendezvous of the best Roman society. The fame of these Monday 
concerts spread across Europe. 

Corelli may have seemed angelic in the almost supernatural power of his music, but 
not in the scnse of any pallid purity. Today, to the non-professional, Corelli's music may 
look "purer" (that is, simpler) than it sounded. For like most Baroque composers, 
Corelli wrote out only a melodic skeleton of his music, which was intended merely as 
a basis for embellishment by the performer. We know that when Corelli himself was the 
performer, his manner was far from angelic. *'Whilst hc was playing on the violin," 
reports the I8th-century historian Hawkins, "it was usual for his countenance to be 
distortcd, his eycs as red as fire, and his cyeballs to roll as in an agony." 

It was a relatively modest work, his Opus 5 (the very collection on which the Suite 
we hear today is based) which established Corelli as the greatest instrumental composer 
in Europe. Corelli's popularity may be gauged from the fact that this collection of twelve 
violin sonatas with accompanimcnt of ccllo or harpsichord was published in four separate 
editions during its very first year, 1700. Over a dozen new editions followed during the 
next dozen ycars in London, Paris (three competing editions), Venice, Amsterdam (four 
editions), Roucn and Bologna, the city whcre Corelli had bccn trained. Thcre have also 
bccn many arrangers of this appealing music, among them Ettorc Pinclli (1843-1915), 
the eminent Romantic composer, pedagogue and conductor, who selccted three move- 
ments from as many sonatas and arranged them in a suite for string orchestra. This was 
introduced to the United States in 1927 by the Italian conductor, Bernardino Molinari, 
on the occasion of his American debut with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. 

I. Sarabanda: Largo. This is based on the third movement of Corelli's Opus 5, No. 7. 
Corelli's wonderful melody is preserved almost intact. Romantic appeal has been added 

Notes on the program Copyright © The Philharmonie- Symphony Society of New York, Inc. 1968. AU rights 


What your 




sound like. 

CS 9381 

MS 7162 

Kostelanetz Conducts 

[3 Promenade Favorites 

New York Philharmonie 


1*-»« r 




Andre HP'^'!;;;;:;^ 

MS 6806* 


MS 6867 


Eugene Cook 

■ Available in 4-track 
reel-toreel stereo tape 

tAvailable in 8-track 
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notional swells and tading tones 
der, whispering finish. 
)onata No. 9, based on the cnor- 
>nly tiny changes in the original 

il, witty picce, was borrowcd by 
iment of Corelli's Sonata No. 1 1, 
a, one of the Standard Baroque 

lor the conclusion, where, as in 
s to sixtcen, adding an cfFective 

the entirc string orchestra. 


AUegro moderato 

AUegro moderato 
molto e marcato 

Grant Johannesen 

the island of Ischia. 

i mint-fresh, so to speak, from 

last May and completed it in 

he town of Forio, on the island 

mmissioned by the New York 
etentious piecc of music, by a 


st violin section leaps upward 

:ade of trills, grace notes and 

jch it makes a prompt return 

'S. It is followed by a jaunty, 

nclusion of the score. In be- 

:ht tOLich, its gaiety and the 

a brief intcrlude of quietly 

take ovcr again. 

», 2 oboes, 1 English hörn, 

(third bassoon interchange- 

, tuba, ketticdrums, a large 

percussiüii oaucij/, nui^ ttnv* ».»iw ticix^iti^^nkti w<<v/>> %^, o;.^«^«^^. ' 

in A minor for Piano and Orchestra, Opus 16 


Born June 15, 1843, Bergen, Norway; died September 4, 1907, Bergen. 

6(r I ^HE Chopin of the North" was one great pianist's name for Edvard Grieg. Cer- 
X tainly this Piano Concerto does recall Chopin, who was Grieg's favorite composer. 
Spiritually, as well as musically, the two had miich in common. In Chopin's Mazurkas 
and Polonaises we hear the voice of Chopin's native Poland alternately lamenting and 
exulting over the tragedy and the heroism of the oppressed Polish people. 

Although Grieg's Norway had no such tragic history, his country was not happy 
under the rule of the Swedish King. The longing for füll independence gained a national 
bard, so to speak, in Grieg, whose music was the first to sing an unmistakable language 
of the North. 

Grieg was only twenty-five and newly married when he composed this Concerto. In 
the Summer of 1868 he went with his wife and baby daughter to a secluded country 
cottage, where the A-minor Concerto was written. It was first performed in Copenhagen 
on April 3, 1869, and soon became the most populär of all piano concertos. It is in the 
traditional three movements: fast, slow, fast, the brief middle movement functioning as 
a sort of slow introduction to the finale, which follows without pause. 

I. AUegro moderato. The soloist begins with brilliant, crashing chords and octaves 
plunging from the top ränge of the piano down to its lowest depths and then sweeping 
upward in exhilarating waves of arpcggios. The tranquil main theme is announced softly 
by the woodwinds: 

AUegro molto moderato 

p dole9 



GEORGES PRETRE e„„.„..„. ,.. ^l 


! f // 


"AHorowitz-like technique" 

You don't listen to Weissenberg; you experience him. 

This is the album of which TIME magazine 
wrote, "The Bulgarian-bom pianist displaysa 
Horowitz-like technique, a poet's heart and vast 
reserves of power; he throws up wave upon wave of 
volume without ever losing the shimmering 
roundness of his tone." 

The Performance, conducted by the brilliant 
Georges Pretre, is gripping and dramatic. 

Let Weissenberg's Rachmaninoff . . . or his süperb 
Weissenberg Plays Cho pin album happen to you. 

On Red Seal Records. 

I \ 



This thcmc is immcdiatcly taken iip by the piano. Toward thc end of thc first movement 
thcre is an extraordinarily exciting cadenza for the piano alone. 

II. Adagio. The melodious slow movement opens with the tcnder sound of miited 
strings. At the end, high trills tor the piano and a languorous arpeggio lead to the 
corruscating brilliance of the finale, which follows without pause. 

III. Allegro moderato niolto e marcato. The finale is a whirlwind combination of 
rondo and sonata-allegro form, built around the following principal theme: 


Poco animato 





p ciwfcmtfo 

The A-minor Concerto is scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 
2 trumpets. 3 trombones, kettledrums and the traditional string choir. 

Scheherazade, Opus 35 


Born Manch 18, 1844, Tikhvin, near Novgorod; died June 21, 1908, near St. Petersburg. 

THE Arabian Nights of our childhood: ancient yarns of the exotic East, folk tales 
older than the memory of man, myths and legends of many forgotten peoples, crowd 
the fairy-tale pages of Rimsky-Korsakov's Symphonie Suite, Scheherazade. 

Hints of which stories the composer had in mind are in the titles of the separate move- 
ments, but Rimsky was carefui to warn us that these are disconnected episodes and 
visions. Even the recurring musical themes do not always have the same connotation. 

I meant these hints to direct but slightly the hearer's fancy on the path which my 
own fancy had traveled [he wrote in his autobiography]. All 1 desired was that the 
hearer, if he liked my piece as symphonic music, should carry away the impression 
that it is beyond doubt an oriental narrative of some numerous and varied fairy-tale 
wonders, and not merely four pieces played one after the other and composed on the 
basis of themes common to all four movements. 

The score was composed during the summer of 1888 at Neyzhgovity on the shore of 
Lake Cheryemenyetskoye, and first performed the following season at St. Petersburg. 
On the tlyleaf of the score Rimsky-Korsakov put the following note: 

The Sultan Schahriar, persuaded of the falseness and faithlessness of all women, 
had sworn to put to death each of his wives after the first night. But the Suitana 
Scheherazade saved her life by arousing his interest in tales which she told him during 
a thousand and one nights. Driven by curiosity, the Sultan put off his wife's execution 
from day to day and at last gave up his bloody plan altogether. Scheherazade told 
many marvelous tales to the Sultan. For her stories, she borrowed from poets their 
Verses from fo!k songs their words, and she strung together fairy tales and adventures. 

I. '*The Sea and Sinbad's Ship." (Largo e maestoso; Lento; Allegro non troppo.) 
The first movement opens with thc principal theme of the entire work: a heavy, fo - 
bidding motto proclaimed in thunderous octaves: 

Largo e maestoso 

II rTirrff 

This might be the ferocious Sultan, cxcept that, as Rimsky himself pointed out, it returns 
in later movements at points where there is no thought at all of the Sultan. This stern 
announcement is answered by pacifying woodwind chords and then by thc voicc of 
Scheherazade: a graceful, sinuous violin solo: 



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[Assistant Conductors 

David Nadien 

Frank Gullino 
Asst. Concertmaster 

Joseph Bernstein 

2nd Asst. Concertmaster 

William Dembinsky 
Bjoern Andreasson 
Alfio Micci 
Leon Temerson 
Kenneth Gordon 
Max Wcincr 
Leon Rudin 
Carlo Renzulli 
William Nowinski 
Louis Fishzohn 
Morris Borodkin 
Newton Mansfield 
Mordecai Dayan 
Enrico Di Cecco 
Joachim Fishberg 

Leopold Rybb 
Oscar Weizner 
Jacques Margolies 
Eugene Bergen 
Luigi Carlini 
Nathan Goldstein 
Martin Eshelman 
Carlos Piantini 
Bemard Robbins 
Theodor Podnos 
Allan Schiller 
W. Sanford Allen 
Oscar Ravina 
Michael de Stefano 
Richard Simon 
Gino Sambuco 


William Lincer 
Leonard Davis 
David Kates 
Sol Greitzer 
Ralph Mendelson 
Selig Posner 
Eugene Becker 
Robert Weinrebe 
Henry Nigrine 
Larry Newland 
William Carboni 
Raymond Sabinsky 



Lome Munroe 
Nathan Stutch 
Bemard Altmann 
Gerald K. Appleman 
George Feher 
Lorin Bemsohn 
Paul Clement 
Avram A. Lavin 
Thomas Liberti 
Asher Rieh man 
Evangeline Bencdetti 


Robert Brennand 
John Schaeffer 
Walter Botti 
Homer R. Mensch 
Orin O'Bricn 
James V. Candido 
Lew Norton 
Benjamin Schlossberg 
Mario Polisi 


Julius Baker 
Robert Morris 
Paige Brook 


F. William Heim 


Harold Gomberg 
Jerome Roth 
Albert Goltzer 


Engelbert Brenner 


Stanley Dmcker 
Michael Burgio 


Peter Simcnauer 


Stephen Freeman 


Manuel Zegler 
Frank Ruggieri 
Harold Goltzer 


Bert Bial 


Joseph Singer 
James Chambers 
A. Robert Johnson 
John Carabella 
Ranier De Intinis 
William Namen 


William Vacchlano 
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John Ware 
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Edward Herman, Jr. 
Gilbert Cohen 
Allen Ostrander 
Edward Erwin 


Joseph Novotny 


Saul Goodman 


Walter Rosenberger 
Eiden Bailey 
Morris Lang 

Myor Rosen 


Bmce Prince-Joseph 


Paul Jacobs 

Orchestra Personnel Mgr, 
Joseph De Angelis 

Assistant Personnel Mgr, 
John Schaeffer 

Howard Kercsey 

Assistant Librarian 
Joseph Zizza 

Stage Representative 
Francis Nelson 

Fredric Myrow 

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Alexis Weissenberg 

"...pJays the piano as though he were born for that alone" 

Raymond Ericson, NEW YORK TIMES 

I i 

Chopin The Complete Works for Piano and Orchestra 

Concerto No. 1 in e, Op. 11 
Concerto No. 2 in f, Op. 21 
Fantasy on Polish Airs, Op. 13 

Andante Spianato & Grande Polonaise, Op. 22 
Variations on "La ei darem" ( Don Giovanni ) Op. 22 
Krakowiak, Goncert Rondo, Op. 14 
Polonaise-Fantaisie in A Fiat, Op. 61 ( Piano solo ) 

The Paris Conservatory Orchestra 
Stanislaw Skrowaczewski, conducting 
Three disks in boxed album SC 3723 

Liszt Sonata in B Minor 

Three Petrarch Sonnets 

from "Annees de pelerinage" S 36383 

Bach Partita No. 5 in G, BWV. 829 

Partita No. 6 in e, BWV. 830 

Chromatic Fantasy & Fugue in d, BWV. 903 

S 36437 

Schumann Camaval, Op. 9 

Sonata No. 2 in G Minor, Op. 22 S 36552 

Saint-Saens Camival of the Animals 

( with Aldo Ciccolini ) 
(B/W Poulenc: Les Animaux Modeies) 
Paris Conservatory Orchestra 
Georges Pretre, conducting S 36421 


Christian Steiner 





Sunday, December 8, 3:00 


Monday, December 9, 7 :30 

Stanislaw Skrowaczewski, conducting 
Repeat of December 5 Program 

Tuesday, December 10, 8:30 


Eugene Ormandy, Music Director 

Joseph de Pasquale, viola 

Raymond McAfee, baritone 

Works of Mozart, Block, Thomson, Debussy 

Wednesday, December 11, 8:30 

Anna Moffo, soprano 


Monday, December 16, 7:30 
Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, pianist 
Repeat of December 12 Program 

Tuesday, December 17, 8:00 


Alvaro Cassuto, guest conductor 

Ruggiero Ricci, violinist 

Works of Gluck, Schumann, Braga Santos, 


Wednesday, December 18, 8:30 


Erich Leinsdorf, Music Director 

Earl Wild, pianist 

Works of Schoenberg, Scharwenka, 


Sunday, December 8, 8:00 

Starring Jo Amar 

Thursday, December 12, 8:30 
Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, piano 
Works of Mozart 

Friday, December 13, 2:00 
Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, piano 
Repeat of December 12 Program 

Friday, December 13, 8:30 


Handel: Messiah 

Saturday, December 14, 8:30 
Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, piano 
Repeat of December 12 Program 

Sunday, December 15, 3:00 

Howard Mitchell, Music Director 

Eugene Istomin, pianist 

Works of Wagner, Verdi, Beethoven, 


Thursday, December 19, 8:30 
Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Rudolf Firkusny, pianist 
Works of Hindemith, Martinu, Brahnis 

Friday, December 20, 2:00 

Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Rudolf Firkusny, pianist 
Repeat of December 19 Program 

Friday, December 20, 8:30 


Erich Leinsdorf, Music Director 

Earl Wild, pianist 

Repeat of December 18 Program 

Saturday, December 21, 8:30 
Carlo Maria Giulini, conducting 
Rudolf Firkusny, pianist 
Repeat of December 19 Program 

Sunday, December 22, 3:00 

Sunday, December 22, 8:00 

David Randolph, conductor 
Karen Altman, soprano 
Gwynn Cornell, contralto 
Henry Nason, tenor 
Malcolm Smith, bass-baritone 
Handel: Messiah 



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continucd front pa^e 22 

mclodrama atmosphere. Hc uscd to 
brcathc thc air of mclodrama in thc fam- 
ily box at Scala. I alwav s was vcry closc 
to him and happy in our work. Zeftirclli 
— a good Iriend and somcone I admire 
for bis talent and knowicdgc — is now, 
likc many others, going too far. These de- 
signers and directors don't havc enoiigh 
confidcnce in thc music. They think they 
will hclp thc music, that Mozart and 
Verdi are not cnough. They do things 
to Support an aria, because they don't 
bclicve it Stands on its own. 

*Tt has happencd, Tm afraid, that this 
generation is gctting all its intcllectual 
expericnces only through looking. Pco- 
ple want to see rather than read a good 
Story or play. Everv thing is Visual. Thc 
young generation placcs too much cm- 
phasis on thc eye, on what they can see, 
and not cnough attention on words and 
music. Telcvision and thc cinema havc 
affected thc young producers, who now 
pander more to action than to anything 
eise. They havc forgotten that in opera 
the actions havc to bc donc to music. 
Thc Visual part has become so im- 
portant that the music of Traviata, for 
cxamplc, becomes likc movic music — a 
comment, not the central issue. Sonic 
producers take thc libretto and disrc- 
gard thc composer, so they can do what 
they want with the work." 

Hc calls to mind a day bcforc thc 
dress rehearsal of a new Don Giovanni 
at the Holland Festival a few years ago 
— the momcnt he saw that the director 
and designer had not altered things he 
had feit were wrong during prcvious 
rchcarsals. 'T calied the director, Peter 
Diamand, and said that thc producer 
and designer go or I go. Hc said they 
would, because this is a musical thcatcr. 
We performed thc opera in costumes 
with lights and curtains and no scenery 
— and WC created a terriblc scandal. But 
this simplest way is possibly the best, 
since it puts thc light on the music." 

Still another probleni he cannot ad- 
just to in opera is "the idea of routinc." 
After the third or fourth or fifth Per- 
formance, the Singers and orchestra start 
to go a littlc easy, too confident. I hate 
roulinc with all my strcngth. Every 
time you touch thc music, it is the nwst 
important time — rchcarsals, premiere, 
later Performances, final perfornKmce. 
Each onc is always the best. I teil my 
c:ist that wc begin now and the Perform- 
ances are stcps going up, and each night 

it is more difticult. It can ncver bc a 
quiet life in music — if you want this, 
go on a vacation to the country instead." 

CiiuÜni has had the courage to pick 
and choose only what he has desired 
in Europe's opera centers, dcmanding 
always a new production with his choice 
of cast and ncver a production already 
in thc repertory. He has feit the im- 
portance of maintaining the idea of an 
ensemble opera, despite the fact that 
Singers of high Standards are few and 
hard to fix to onc place. "Ideally, opera 
should bc a unity of thrce Clements: 
text, action and music — this is in the 
composition. In Performance it must bc 
the same thing — drama, production and 
music — and this I havc demanded. 

"So now I stop opera for a few years. 
If, after this parcnthesis, I fcci differ- 
ently, I will go back. I likc opera vcry 
much because I likc thc human being 
and the pcople who live on stage — 
Eboli, lago, Leporello — and their psy- 
chology. Thc interpretation of genius is 
fascinating. but I need thc right men. 
If I then havc the opportunity of the 
right cast and time and pcople to do 
opera here and thcre, I will think again. 

I do not say 'ncver' — that is ridiculous. 
One work I havc in my dreams is 
Ote/Io, but I don't know if ever. It is 
vcry difficult. Thc roles are so great, 
what Verdi did is so great — this is the 
Problem. For some opcras you can ac- 
cept a voice of not absolute beauty — 
if it is weil used and he is an artist and 
interpreter, it will work. But for Verdi 
you nced all this p/us thc cssential sound. 

II is the same thing as trying to use a 
clarinet in place of a trumpet — you can't 

As Maestro Giulini insists, it will bc 
primarily thc orchestral sound on which 
he will turn his efTorts in this next 
phase of an already distinguished carecr. 
Beginning next season hc will bc Prin- 
cipal Guest Conductor of the Ghicago 
Symphony (where he made his Ameri- 
can debut in the fall of 1955 at the 
invitation of the late Fritz Reiner). On 
rccord he has finished thc four Brahms 
symphonies and is at work — though in 
no hurry to comp'ete — the nine Bee- 
thoven symphonies. Will he considcr a 
full-time musical directorship? "No. I 
don't likc this too much, being in the 
same place. I havc no ta!ent in admin- 
istration and Organization. I want to 
think oi music only. I havc lived likc a 
hear i'or many years, isoliited with my 
music." And so it is likcly to remain. 



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Vofue photogfÄph« byH«nryClarke» Copyright ©1968 byTie Conde Nast Publications Inc. 


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Booking Up 


by David Amram 
The Macmillan Company 
David Amram, Ihe first Com- 
poser-in-Residence with the 
New York Philharmonie and 
perennial miisic creator for 
Joseph Papp's Shakespeare- 
in-the-Park, has, at the tender 
age of 37, already set down 
his own life story. As he 
writes in his preface, "This 
book Covers the first thirty- 
seven years of my life. I have 
been lucky to have spent most 
of it in music. This is no text- 
book or fabiilous Horatio 
Alger-type success story. If 
ihings had been a little dif- 
ferent, I might have ended up 
in reform school, the Army 
Stockade, Hollywood or dead 
. . . Music saved me. I con- 
sider myself a beginner in 
music. This book is about 
what and who helped me to 
Start." The book does go be- 
yond just a personal story, for 
Amram seems to represent a 
whole generation of writers, 
actors, musicians and painters 
who have uncompromisingly 
grappled with the Fifties, the 
early Sixties and now at last 
are being recognized. He deals 
with his struggling generation 
— as one member of it who 
grew up on a farm in Feaster- 
ville, Pennsylvania, moving to 
Washington, D.C., working as 
a newsboy, soda jerk, sod- 
buster and studying, compos- 
ing and making music of all 
varieties and traditions. His 
adventures ränge from teach- 
ing gym and busboying to 
amateur boxing, barnstorming 
through Europe with the fa- 
mous Seventh Army Sym- 
phony, exiling in Paris, scuf- 
fling on the lower Hast Side 
and mail-sorting. Personalities 
encountered along the way in- 
clude everyone from Dimitri 
Mitropoulos to Jack Kerouac. 


The Operas of Puccini 

by William Ashbrook 
Oxford Univcvsity Press 
For the American operatic 
public, William Ashbrook's 
discusson and detailed investi- 
gation of Giacomo Puccini's 
operas is an inevitable hap- 
penstance. Is there a single 
opera Company that does not 
st age a Boheme or Butterfly or 
Tosva at least once a season? 
Metropolitan Opera manager, 
Giulio Gatti-Casazza, summed 
up their place when he said 
that these operas, "speak 
above all to the emotions of 
the public, and speak in a 
voice that is original, moving, 
penetrating and sincere." Even 
for those who care little for 
the musical tcchnicalities, there 
are points of immediate con- 
tact and emotional Identifica- 
tion throughout the Puccini 
canon. Ashbrook addresses 
himself to both camps; those 
who love it purely and simply, 
and those who want to experi- 
ence it in depth. In this first 
book to deal specifically with 
all twelve of Puccini's operas 
(from Le Villi to Turandot), 
the author examines each work 
musically,discusses the libretto 
and Performance history of 
each, and then relates them to 
events in Puccini's stormy life. 
Among the features are: plot 
summaries of all the operas 
and a dose consideration of 
their dramaturgy as developed 
in the music; a review of the 
circumstances of composition 
of each opera; a description of 
Puccini's rejected ideas that 
reveal his conception of suit- 
able operatic form and sub- 
ject; an account of Puccini's 
own contributions to the li- 
brettos; a history of his revi- 
sions of his works;and detailed 
references to the autograph 
scores and proofs, which off'er 
insight to his musical methods. 

101 Masterpieces of Music 
and Their Composers 

by Martin Bookspan 
Doiihledciy & Company, Ine, 
Since 1958, commentator- 
editor-consultant Martin Book- 
span has penned a continuing 
series of monthly articles for 
Hi-Fi Stereo Review magazine 
(formerly Hi-Fi & Music Re- 
view), each one focusing on a 
different musical work from 
the Standard repertoire and 
assessing the various available 
recordings of it. The jumping- 
off point was initially the 
much-quoted Statement by Vir- 
gil Thomson, made when he 
was the music critic of the 
New York Herald-Tribune, 
that the backbone of the or- 
chestral repertoire was made 
up of "50 pieces" repeated 
year after year. But since then, 
with deeper explorations into 
the vast ränge of musical 
works, the figure of 50 has no 
longer remained valid — and so 
Bookspan's series has contin- 
ued to delve through the past 
decade. Now these collected 
articles are gathercd under one 
Cover, ranging from Johann 
Sebastian Bach, Brandenburg 
C once r tos, to Antonio Vi valdi, 
The Four Seasons, covering all 
the most populär works in the 
orchestral and Chamber music 
category. In his informative 
book, the author has also 
greatly expanded upon the 
original material, incorporat- 
ing pertinent biographical 
Sketches of the composers, 
amplifying the historical and 
analylical information and 
completely re-evaluating all 
the available recordings of 
each work. Of further vakie 
is the glossary of musical 
terms, a list of books for re- 
lated reading, capsule biog- 
raphies of the composers and 
a Checklist of appropriate re- 

Notes of an Apprenticeship 

by Pierre Boulez 
Alfred A. Knopf 
Written between 1948 and 
1962, these essays by com- 
poser-conductor Pierre Boulez 
were collected and presented 
by Paul Thevenin in Paris in 
1966, and are here translated 
from the French by Herbert 
Weinstock. The controversial 
Boulez, born in 1925 in the 
Loire province of France, 
came to Paris to study music 
just after the war, when the 
long unheard music of the 
*'Viennese school" (Schoen- 
berg, Berg and Webern) came 
as a revelation to the younger 
European generation. After 
studies with Rene Leibowitz 
and Olivier Messiaen, he 
foiinded his Domaine Musi- 
cale, still a leading showcase 
for new music in Europe — and 
he advanced his position as 
one of the two or three prin- 
cipal figures in new European 
music. A notable by-product 
of his early battles and antag- 
onisms in his own country 
(from which he is now ex- 
iled) was a series of articles, 
Position papers, analyses, po- 
lemics and philosophical es- 
says later collected as Releves 
d'apprcnti — the record of an 
apprenticeship in a new, de- 
veloping, still not completely 
understood art and craft. He 
deals unswervingly with the 
aesthetics and techniques of 
today's music, as well as with 
various twentieth-century com- 
posers: Stravinsky, Schoen- 
berg, Ravel, Bartok, Berg, 
Debussy and Webern. Those 
of the music public who know 
Boulez as an expert maestro 
of twentieth-century classics 
will probably be astonished to 
discover that, with the excep- 
tion of Debussy and Webern, 
Boulez is a harsh judge of 
them all. 


the Christmas Season 

The World of 

Twentieth Century Music 

by David Ewen 
Frcnticc-Hall, Inc. 
The prolific David Fwen has 
intended his new massive vol- 
iime to replace his 1952 Tlic 
Coniplctc Book of 20th Cen- 
tury Music, the firsl book in 
any langiiage to analyze to- 
day's miisical compositions in 
all the major forms. Mirror- 
ing the drastic changes in style 
and perspective that occur in a 
mere decade and a half of new 
music, he has retained only ten 
percent of the previous mate- 
rial and has expanded his 
scope considerably — the pres- 
ent book is almost double the 
size of the earlier one, with 29 
composers added. Some 150 
composers, from Albcniz to 
Zador, are covered in some 
detail, with nearly one thou- 
sand-five hundred major works 
under discussion. As Ewen 
explains in his preface, *The 
aim now was to make the 
book as comprehensive and as 
informative as humanly pos- 
sible/' He feels the need to 
include the lesser works of a 
composer as well as the major 
compositions. "The new cur- 
rents and cross-currents in the 
music of our times had to be 
discussed and explained, such 
as serialism, chance music, di- 
rectional music, neo-dadaism 
and so forth, just as these are 
now so libcrally represented 
on concert programs and in 
recordings." With each com- 
poser, the author begins with 
an analysis of his style and 
innovations, followed by a bi- 
ography and the composer's 
works in chrono]o^•ical order. 
Programmatic and analytical 
information on each of thesc 
works are then given in some 
detail. The result is a compre- 
hensive study of the develop- 
mcnt of modern music. 

The Private World of 
Leonard Bernstein 

by John Gruen 
The Vikini^ Press 
As a man prominent in the 
public eye, Leonard Bernstein 
is accessible as conductor of 
the New York Philharmonie, 
composer of Broadway hits, 
serious composer, indoctrina- 
tor of children on his "Young 
People's Concerts," television 
raconteur, virtuose pianist, au- 
thor of books on music, among 
others. Here, author John 
Gruen, together with photog- 
rapher Ken Heyman, have 
nicely caught Bernstein in 
his other guises — off stage 
among his family and friends. 
playing, and contemplating the 
present and past. The colla- 
borators spent a summer in 
Italy with the vacationing 
Bernsteins, then observed their 
crowded routine in New York 
and Connecticut. As Gruen 
writes at the beginning: "How 
to be objective about Leonard 
Bernstein? The force of his 
Personality is such that there 
is no neutral territory. What 
is more, he elicits as many 
contradictions and collisions 
of feelings as exist in him." 
With this in mind, he has tried 
to probe deeply into the mu- 
sician's feelings — into his 
emotions. intellect and musical 
make-up. Throughout the 
Profile are such highlights as 
an evening with Charlie Chap- 
lin, an account of a madcip 
trip to Sardinia, a family 
playlet (in which his children 
mockingly teil what it's really 
like having such a father), a 
complcte dcscription by Bern- 
stein of his Icgcndary dcbut 
as conductor in 1943 and a 
running dialogue about music. 
The use of photographs is 
both generous and vivid in 
their portrayal of Bernstein 
wearing all his various hats. 

Richard Wagner, The Man, 
His Mind, and His Music 

by Robert W. Gutman 
Hiircourt Brace and World 
Author Robert Gutman is a 
man of the twentieth Century 
in his deeply psychological 
handling of Wagner's life and 
works. This highly controver- 
sial biography begins and ends 
with the implicit premise that 
Wagner's anti-Semitism and 
numerous negative character 
traits explain his music. He 
has feit the necessity of brush- 
ing away the Wagnerian cob- 
webs, of break ing away from 
the older, long-held-to precon- 
ceived notions about the com- 
poser — myths that came into 
being with Wagner's own biog- 
raphy, Mein Lehen, and that 
became increasingly amplified 
by Victorian writers. Ernest 
Newman, though trying to free 
the Wagnerian biography from 
all this idealistic overpainting, 
was still basically a man of the 
past Century in his great four- 
volume Life of Richard Waf^- 
ner. Gutman, therefore, must 
be credited with the first mod- 
ern one-volume biography. In 
his preface, he writes: 'This 
book's primary aim is to relate 
Wagner to the history of 
ideas." The mainstream relates 
Wagner's fierce anti-Semitism 
to Hitler's — and the author 
then tries to explain the music 
of the composer in terms of 
his non-musical writings. In 
Parsifal, for instance, he goes 
back to Wagner's essays "Shall 
We Hope" and "Heldentum" 
to describe the opera as the 
setting forth of a "religion of 
racism," under the cover of 
the Christian legend. Klingsor 
and Kundry are Jews, the tem- 
ple scenes Black Masses. Per- 
haps no book on Wagner be- 
fore this has so closely inter- 
related the thcmes of Wagner's 
life with themes of his works. 

Portrait of Elgar 

by Michael Kennedy 
Oxford University Press 
The music of Sir Edward Elgar 
feil fully out of fashion for 
nearly three decades after his 
death in 1934. Now, in the 
late Sixties, his niusic has been 
reconsidered and, at the same 
time, it has revealed its füll 
stature in the concert hall and 
on recordings — music that was 
considered as much a part of 
the European mainstream as 
it was the quintessence of Eng- 
lishness. Michael Kennedy has 
been as timely with this Elgar 
biography as he was with his 
previous volume on Vaughan 
Williams, giving a detailed 
Portrait of both these great 
figures of English music dur- 
ing the first half of the twen- 
tieth Century. Kennedy sets 
out to displace the outmoded 
legend of Elgar as an Edward- 
ian musical blimp with a con- 
vincing picture of a complex, 
lonely man of great gifts, 
whose music, composed in the 
shadow of the Viennese revo- 
lution,has never quite achieved 
its deserved place — though 
he lived to be 76, almost all 
the works by which he is re- 
membered were written with- 
in the space of a dozen vears. 
Erom his birth in 1857, at 
Broadheath, to his death in 
Worcester in 1934, Elgar is 
seen as the very model 
of an English country squire, 
despite his being tortured 
by neurotic self-doubt. Aim- 
ing at a de*ailed narra^ive 
of Elgar as man and musician, 
Kennedy has made use of 
many unpublished letters of 
the composer. His excellent 
biography is followed by a 
chronological list of works 
(beginning with music for a 
children's play in 1867), a 
select bibliography, a list of 
recordings led by Elgar and a 
classified index of works. 


Music and People 

by Ned Rorem 
Geori>e Brazillcr 
By recent evidence of no less 
than four new books, Ameri- 
can composer Ned Rorem is 
fast becoming as miich a 
critic, story-teller, commenta- 
tor and historian as he is a 
Creator of music. This newest 
volume, he states, "purposes 
two attitudes of one person 
toward the artistic (mostly 
musical) tone of the fairly 
recent past and present." The 
first attitude, "presumably 
objective," is embodied in a 
series of pieces dealing with 
Personalities or trends. These 
are interspersed with Inter- 
ludes, "unqiiestionably sub- 
jective, sometimes forming 
postScripts to the essays, more 
often taking their own dis- 
ordered path. That path is 
the problematic one of the 
artist today, particularly the 
artist which is myself." Among 
the people and subjects re- 
lated to his craft and milieii 
met along the way are the 
Beatles ("one of the most 
healthy events in music since 
1950"), Francis Poulenc and 
Pierre Bernac, Richard Strauss, 
Lukas Foss, William Flana- 
gan, Art uro Toscanini, Fzra 
Pound, Jean Cocteau, Tennes- 
see Williams, Igor Stravin- 
sky and Martha Graham. 
Rorem's TnterUides offer a 
running commentary on a 
variety of topics, among them 
a happily anguished child- 
hood, friendships with poets, 
the national difTerences be- 
tween musicians, the making 
(from a sociological stand- 
point) of both an opera and 
a ballet from their inceptions 
to their premieres. In a final 
essay, he deals with a subject 
much discussed and little re- 
solved. "Where is Our Music 

The Victor Book of the Opera 

Revised by Henry W. Simon. 
Simon and Schuster 
The granddaddy of American 
opera books, The Victor Book. 
has come of age. In its thir- 
teenth edition, it emerges 
larger, more fully illustrated 
and with completely updated 
repertoire for today's opera- 
goers. 120 operas are con- 
tained with historical back- 
ground and act-by-act sum- 
maries — as well as complete 
listings of the best available 
recordings, an outline history 
of opera and over 400 illustra- 
tions of composers, singers 
and scenes from the operas. 
To the Standard works of the 
past have now been added 29 
operas, old and new, for the 
first time, mirroring the tastes 
of today's management and 
public. Among these are Mon- 
teverdi's L'/ncoronazione di 
Poppen, Handel's Julius Caes- 
ar, Bartok's Bluelieard's Castle, 
Janäcek's Jenufa, Strauss' Ca- 
priccio and Die Frau ohne 
Schatten, Rossini's Ceneren- 
toUi, Donizetti's Lucrezia Bor- 
liia, Verdi's Luisa Miller and 
Berlioz' Les Troyens. From 
the modern repertoire are 
Barber's Vanessa, Britten's 
Peter Grimes, Ginastera's Bo- 
marzo, Moore's Bai lad of 
Bahy Doe, Menotti's The Con- 
sitl and Poulenc's DiaU)^ues 
des Carmelites. For well over 
a half a Century, Tl\e Victor 
Book of Opera has supplied 
operatic Information for thou- 
sands of Americans, begin- 
ning with the first edition of 
1912, copyrighted by the Vic- 
tor Talking Machine. Though 
the book began as a promo- 
tion piece for Victor at the 
time, today it includes a com- 
plete discography «f all avail- 
able recordings of the operas 
under consideration. The cover 
offers fascinating memorabilia. 

Hii«o Wolf, A Bio^raphy 

by Frank Walker 
Alfred A. Knopf 
An incomplete version of this 
important Wolf biography first 
appearcd in 1951, but Walk- 
er's study is now the most 
inclusive book on the sub- 
ject. At the time of its earlier 
publication, Walker worked on 
it, on and off, for 15 years, 
tracking down Wolf manu- 
scripts and visiting the com- 
poser's surviving relatives and 
friends in Austria. A definitive 
edition in the Wolf literature, 
this complete work appears 
six years after the author's (a 
scholarly postal clerk and 
amateur musicologist) own 
untimely death in Fngland. 
Wolf, the great composer of 
songs, contracted syphilis in 
his youth and spent the rest 
of his life in a losing fight 
against insanity. Ravaged by 
the disease, he died at 43, 
hopelessly mad and paralyzed, 
and was buried beside the 
graves of Beethoven and Schu- 
bert in Vienna in 1903. In his 
brilliantly creative periods, he 
sensitively mated music to 
poetry in his Mörike and 
Goethe songs, in the Span- 
isches Liederbuch and the 
Italienisches Liederbuch. Walk- 
er contrasts these times to the 
periods when he raged against 
his inability to create, when 
his eccentricities verged on 
insanity, when he became 
combative and irritable. Like 
the author, the reader can only 
mourn that the burdens of 
Wolfs life denied his genius 
its füllest realization. The bi- 
ography (begun in 1936 at the 
insligation of Walter Lecge) 
includes a complete bibliog- 
raphy plus a thorough cata- 
logue of Wolfs songs, piano 
music, Choral works, Chamber 
music, orchestral music, in- 
cidental music and opera. 

Carl Maria von Weber 

by John Warrack 
The Macniillan Company 
Weber's operas have main- 
tained little interest outside 
Germany and Austria. So it 
is not surprising that this is 
the first exhaustive work in 
Fnglish on this major figure 
of German Romanticism. 
Warrack's new biography ana- 
lyzes, in detail, all of Weber's 
major operas from Silva na to 
Oberon, as well as his rarely 
heard orchestral and instru- 
mental compositions. Inter- 
twined is a thoroughly docu- 
mented narrative of the com- 
poser's Short life, from his 
birth near Lübeck in 1786, to 
his death in London in 1826. 
Warrack writes: 'in attempt- 
ing a fuller study of Weber's 
life and work, I have tried not 
only to discuss the music in 
some depth, but also to sug- 
gest how important it is to 
an understanding of what 
went into the later achieve- 
ments of Romanticism. I have 
also hoped to show how the 
most representative musician 
of his age responded to a 
Furope struggling to be re- 
born in the chaotic aftermath 
of the French Revolution and 
the turmoil of the Napoleonic 
Wars. It was a time when, 
perhaps more than at any 
other phase of European his- 
tory, the arts spoke for a 
broad mass of people: and it 
was one when a significant 
Proportion of poets. writers 
and painters looked to music 
as the ideal art. Weber at once 
took an essential part of his 
character from the period and 
helped to give it a distinctive 
artistic color." The biography 
is well embellished by copious 
musical examples, listing of 
first Performances, a compre- 
hensive list of works and an 
extensive bibliography. R.J. 




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For Symphony Nights . . . Therc arc 
only 396 Shopping days until Christmas, 
1970 — biit mcanwhile . . . Dorothy 
Grcy Coloratura is not a ncw Australian 
addition to the Metropolitan — it is a 
hair-color Shampoo, $2, found at 
Bloomin^iialcs, etc. . . . The Traveiing 
Baroncss is not a nohlc saicswoman — it 
is a kit of Evyan Perfumcs' White 
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bcauty, $12, at Evyan Perfunie Shop in 
the Hotel Roosevclt . . . If you find 
serpents scnsuous and heguiling, a 
Frcnch watch by Obrey of Paris is 
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and for the convcnicnce of the woman 
who alwavs wants to know what time 
it is — twin watches will record European 
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antique Indian necklaces a-drip with 
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B. Harris & Sons, 33 E. 61 Street, has 
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Metropolitan Life Insmaiuc Company 
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Orchestras in other cities may play It cool and 

spend the long hot summer months at rural 

festivals, but the New York Philharmonie stays 

at home. Under fair skies, as many as 75,000 

havc comc out to the city's parks in July or August to hear the 

Philharmonie play; even in the rain 40,000 have been known to 

huddle under umbrellas and to ignore all eise save the thunder of 

Beethoven and the flashcs of Stravinsky. 

Over the past four summers approximately 1 ,500,000 New Yorkers 
have attended 47 such free conccrts by the Philharmonie. 

Only the orchestra's unusual excellence — and the public's hunger 
for the kind of music it plays — can explain such enthusiasm. Music 
surrounds us on all sides today and as appreciation for the arts is 
carried to a larger and larger portion of our expanding popuIation, 
the value of high Standards cannot be overestimated. 

Music is the universal language because it is not an ''extra" but a 
basic human need; the very confusion of our cities and the mechani- 
zation of our society make it just piain old-fashioned wisdom to 
make a gift to music today — specifically to the New York Phil- 
harmonie, which is currently and urgently in need of $10 million 
to Support the kind of programs which are in such demand by the 
people of New York. 

Approximately $6.7 million has already been pledged. For Informa- 
tion on how you can help, speak to any personal friends you find 
listcd at the right, or write to: 

The 125th Anniversary Program 
Philharmonie Hall 
Broadway at 65th Street 
New York, New York 10023 

The 125th Anniversary Program 

Committee Leadership 

John Holbrook, General Chdirmun 

Gerald F. Beal 

C. Sterling Bunnell 

Mrs. Frank Hayden Connor 

Sampson R. Field 

Wm. Rogers Herod 

Fthan A. Hitchcock 

Mrs. Robert L. Hoguet 

J. Buckhout Johnston 

David M. Keiser 

Mrs. George J. Leness 

Mrs. Hampton S. Lynch 

Francis T. P. Plimpton 

Mrs. David Rockefeller 

Mrs. Philip Wiedel 

Committee Members 

Hulbert S. Aldrich 

Amyas Arnes 

Dana C. Backus 

Ben Barrack 

Mrs. Richard J. Bernhard 

Mrs. Samuel Brimberg 

Dr. Lee H. Bristol, Jr. 

Edgar M. Bronfman 

Mrs. Alvin G. Brush 

Mrs. C. Sterling Bunnell 

Mrs. Samuel Callaway 

Mrs. George A. Garden 

William Court Cohen 

Frederick M. Faton 

Maitland A. Fdey 

Mrs. Frederick L. Fhrman 

Mrs. James H. M. Fwart 

Mrs. Morton Fearey 

John Fenton 

Mrs. Howeth T. Ford 

Mrs. William Ward Foshay 

Francis Goelet 

Mr. and Mrs. William W. Golub 

David Granger 

G. Lauder Greenway 

Mrs. James V. Hayes 

Mrs. Lytle Hüll 

Mrs. Kenneth A. Ives 

Peter L B. Lavan 

Mrs. James F. Lawrence 

Laurence C. Leeds, Jr. 

Miss Jessica Levy 

Mrs. A. Neil Lilley 

Robert V. Lindsay 

Mrs. William G. Maguire 

Mrs. Allen F. Maulsby 

Mrs. Minot K. Milliken 

John S. Morgan 

Mrs. John Noble 

Mrs. Donald M. Oenslager 

Paul G. Pennoyer 

Mrs. Walter N. Pharr 

Ned L. Pines 

David Prager 

Mrs. H. Irving Pratt 

Mrs. George Rentschier 

Axel G. Rosin 

John B. Ryan TU 

Mrs. Walter H. Saunders 

Mrs. J. Myer Schine 

Herbert M. Singer 

Spyros P. Skouras 

Dr. Carleton Sprague Smith 

Gregory B. Smith 

Mrs. Hoyt P. Steele 

Alan V. Tishman 

Miss Alice Tully 

Mrs. Fdward R. Ward well 

Leslie H. Warner 

Mrs. Maynard C. Wheeler 

Frederick C. Windisch 



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O T H F R 




Whcn Walter Susskind makcs bis first 
New York appcarancc as condiictor ol 
the St. Louis Symphony on Dccembcr 
1 1 at Carnegie Hall, he will ofTer the 
first local Performance of his own or- 
chestrated version of Prokofiev's Visions 
l'Uii'itivcs. When Susskind met Prokofiev 
two decades ago in Prague. the com- 
poser told him he had originally intended 
the twenty miniature piano pieces to be 
orchestral sketches — he himself had 
never gotten around to the actual writ- 
ing, and he encouraged the young mae- 
stro to try his band at orchestrating 
them. It was only last year that Susskind 
embarked on the project, and the Visions 
have since becn performed under their 
arranger's baton in Toronto. Edinburgh. 
Aspen and St. Louis. 

Karel Ancerl's decision not to return 
to Prague. from which he was absent 
duringthe Invasion of late August, has 
had the inevitable consequence. He has 
settled permanently in Toronto, of 
whose symphony orchcstra he becomes 
Music Director in 1969 (in succession 
to Seiji Ozawa, who will take Josef 
Krips' place in San Francisco). The 
move was formalized on November 10 
whcn a 'Toronto Welcomes Karel 
Ancerl" concert was added to the sched- 
ule. In addition to Mozart's Eine Kleine 
Nachtmusik and the Eighth Symphony 
of Beethoven, the program included 
Dvorak's New World. 

November 25 marked the opening of the 
eighth Young Concert Artists Series at 
Carnegie Rccital Hall with a program 
by Violinist Jean-Jacques Kantorow. On 
Deccmber 16 flutist Paula Sylvester and 
harpsichordist Anthony Newman will 
play works of J. S. Bach, Luciano Berio 
and a new work by Mr. Newman. Other 
concerts in 1969 include pianist Nerine 
Barrett (January 13), pianist Ursula 
Oppens (February 3), cellist Fred 
Sherry and Miss Oppens (March 3), 
soprano Joyce Mathis with pianist War- 
ren Wilson (March 31) and cellist Ko 
Iwasaki with pianist Shuku Iwasaki. 
Susan Wadsworth is director of the 
series, which provides New York debuts 
for young artists. 

The Fine Arts O^artet of Chicago 
opened their ninth season in October at 
the Goodman Theater with the world 
premiere of Karel Husa's Third Quartet, 
commissioned by the Lee A. Freemans 
for the Fine Arts Foundation. The com- 
poser tcaches composition at Cornell 
Univcrsity and was himself a pupil of 
Arthur Flonegger and Andre Cluytens. 


In his concisc notc, thc composcr wrote: 
''After Bartok, Berg and Webern, it is 
not easy to imagine new ways of play- 
ing on stringed Instruments. I feel that 
I have been able to find some iinusual 
paths for bovv and finger. As for the rest, 
I have used all the possibilities hitherto 

The Jiiilliard Opera Theater, under its 
new direetor, Tito Capobianco, is Stag- 
ing Rossini's Barher of Scville this month 
in honor ot the Rossini centennial. Al- 
fred Wallenstein conducts these per- 
formanecs to be sung in both the origi- 
nal Italian (December 11 and 13) and 
in an English translation (December 12 
and 14). In the spring, Jean Morel will 
Icad four Performances of a double bill: 
Poulenc's La Voix Huniaine and Honcg- 
ger's Antii^onc. The operas will be sung 
in French on April 16 and 18, and in 
English on April 17 and 19. 

The perennially enterprising Opera 
Company of Boston is promising three 
American premicres during its season 
which opens on January 10, 1969, at its 
new home in the Shuhert Theater. On 
that night (and January 12, 19 and 20), 
Janos Kulka will lead Bela Bartok's 
trilogy — Thc Woodcri Prince, The 
Miraculous Mandarin and Blueheard's 
Castle — in its U.S. premiere as a com- 
plete evening. The Wooden Prince is 
being staged by Hungarian choreog- 
rapher. Imre Eck, whilc Blueheard's 
Judith will be sung by Olga Szönyi. The 
pantomime, The Miraculous Mandarin, 
will be performed by Claude Kipnis and 
his Company. Sarah Caldwell, the com- 
pany's Artistic Direetor, will both stage 
and conduct a new production of Lucia 
di Lanunerrnoor with Beverly Sills in 
the title role, January 29 and 31, Feb- 
ruary 2 and April 15. Miss Caldwell 
will also stage the American premiere 
of Verdi 's fi rst version of Macbeth on 
March 31, April 2, 4 and 13. April will 
see four Performances of The Marriai^e 
of Fiiiaro under Miss CaldwelTs direc- 
tion. CiOsing the season on May 18 and 
25 will be the American premiere of 
Roger Sessions' Montezuma, with Gün- 
ther Schuller condncting and Oliver 
Smith as designer. 

The Rome Opera, under its new artistic 
direetor. Mario Zafred, opened its cur- 
rent season on November 27 with 
Verdi's Otello (De! Monaco. Gobbi. 
Ligabue). Among the novelties sched- 
u'ed during the season are Mozart's La 
Clenienza di Tito (Gordoni, Bottazzo), 
Rossini's // Turco in Italia (Sciutti, 
Bruscantini), Wagner's Rienzi, Wolf- 
Ferrari's / Quattro rustei^hi (Barbieri), 
Pizzetti's Clitennestra (Petrella, Petri), 
Rimsky-Korsakov's Ivan the Terrihle 
(ChristolT) and Prokofiev's The Garn- 
hier (Rossi-Lemeni). 

The season is on! 

Lincoln Center for the Perf orming Arts is 
filled with opera and orchestras, recitals 
and ballet. Musie-master Robert Lawrence 
discusses special events, interviews news- 
making guests and programs musical 

Lincoln Center 


Fridays, 9:07 to 10:00 PM 
Presented by 

Chase Manhattan Bank 


1560AM 963FM 

The Radio Stations 

of The New York Times 


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99 EAST 52ND ST., NEW YORK. PL 1-4300 



Budapest (J^iiartet . . . 

continued from pa^e 12 

crcasing demands, so after fourtecn 
years thc Budapest lost is original 
hclmsman. Häuser made bis way to 
Palestine, whcre he helped establish a 
symphony orchcstra. When he retired 
from a prol'essorship in music at Bard 
College a few years ago, he returned to 
Israel. Roisman bccame the Quartct's 
unanimous choicc for the first chair, and 
Mischa Schneidens brother, Alexander, 
was calied in to fill the vacancy at sec- 
ond. Incidentally, when Hauser left, 
Roisman purchased bis splendid 1740 
Guarneri del Gesü, so that the instru- 
ment has been with the Budapest con- 
tinuously for fifty years, a kind of 
somatic link bridging all the personal 
vicissitudes. On the next visit to the 
United States, the press was ecstatic. 

The next year, HMV began to record 
the Budapest Performances of the Bee- 
thoven Quartet cycle, the music which 
abovc all other came to be regarded as 
the Budapests private domain. By 1945, 
betwcen HMV and Columbia, with 
whom they signed an exciusivc contract 
in 1940, the Quartet had rccorded a 
cycle and a half. 

With the departure of Ipolyi in 1936 
and the arrival of Boris Kroyt, the Buda- 
pest was henceforth to be Hungarian in 
name only. All four players now were 
Russian by birth, Jewish in wit and 
faith, Gcrman in musical upbringing. 
and soon to become American by citi- 
zenship and allegiance. They longed to 
end their W amier jähre. When they came 
to New York for a Town Hall concert 
the year Kroyt joined them, they were 
still traveling under "Nansen" passports, 
issued by the League of Nations to state- 
less persons. It took an intervention by 
Mayor La Guardia to extricate them 
from Ellis Island in time for the concert. 
By 1938, however, all had settied here. 

Their reputation had climbed to the 
summit, meanwhile. Now the Times was 
saying, "If there is a finer string four- 
some in existence than the Budapest, it 
has not made itself known on this side 
of the Atlantic." The rest of the country 
seemed to agree, as fees rose and tours 
expanded. The Library of Congress en- 
gaged them for a series of five concerts 
in 1938, their first in Washington. Suc- 
cess on the West Coast the following 
summer led to a six-week summer series 
at Mills College that extended itself an- 
nually ovcr a period of fifteen years. An 
ofTer of a contract for tcn fall and ten 
spring concerts at Coolidge Auditorium 
finally established them as the official 
quartet-in-rcsidence at the Library of 
Congress in 1940. The first program they 
playcd under the new arrangement in- 
cluded Haydn's Opus 64, No. 5; Mo- 
zart's F-major Quartet, K. 590; the Two 
Sketches for String Quartet, bascd on 

Indian Themcs by Griffes; and Bee- 
thoven's Opus 95. 

In 1942, when all of the members cx- 
cept Alexander Schneider moved from 
New York to Washington, the Budapest 
gave the very first concert at the one- 
year-old National Gallery. Hindemith 
composed bis E-flat Quartet for the 
Budapest in 1943; it was premiered in 
the Coolidge series that November. Dur- 
ing the war years, the Library of Con- 
gress programs were performed on the 
players' own instruments, which includ- 
ed, besides Roisman's del Gesü, a De- 
conct viola, a Gofriller cello, and an- 
othcr del Gesü belonging to Sascha 
Schneider. The Library's Strads had 
been secreted in a museum in Ohio, as 
a precaution against possiblc air at- 
tacks on the Capital. Sometimes, when 
tours took them to the vicinity, the four 
would take a paternal peek at their 
erstwhile companions. 

The Quartet was confronted with a 
major crisis when Alexander Schneider 
decided to strike out on broader horizons 
of bis own in 1944. He was absent for 
a dccade, concertizing as a soloist, play- 
ing in Chamber ensembles, conducting, 
even forming a new quartet. The others 
did not find him easy to replace. Most 
good fiddlers were reluctant to leave 
New York; the rest were already affi- 
liated with other quartets. Still, the 
Budapest managed to maintain its lofty 
Standards, first with Edgar Ortenberg 
until 1949, and thereaftcr with Jac 
Gorodetzky. A second crisis occurred in 
1952, when Roisman feil into a ditch on 
a Japanese roadway and fractured bis 
wrist. Improperly treated, the hone had 
to be broken again and rcset in Wash- 
ington. For a long time, Roisman feared 
that he might never be able to return to 
the violin; actually, he was out of com- 
mission for seven months. 

Sascha returned to the fold in 1955, 
when Gorodetzky died. At first, it was 
''temporarily" just to fill the breach, but 
then to stay. A second complete Bee- 
thoven cycle had been rccorded at the 
Coolidge Auditorium in 1951-52, on 
LP (monaural) this time. Now, with 
Schneider's return, the Budapest began 
its third and last rccorded Interpreta- 
tion, in Stereo, a project begun in 1958 
and completed in 1962. In 1962, also, 
the Quartet came to a parting of the 
ways with the Library of Congress, as 
their touring schedule made it more and 
more difficult for them to commit them- 
sclves to the Library's necessarily rigid 
series. Instcad, they took up residence 
at the University of Buff'alo, in a city 
where they had been most hospitably re- 
ceived from their earlicst years in the 
United States. Since then, their Perform- 
ances have tapered off scason by season. 
In February of 1967, in the aftermath 
of Mischa Schneider's incapacity, cellist 
Leslic Parnas was engaged for three 


progranis at Bullalo. Thosc wcrc ihc 
last public Performances by the Buda- 
pest Qua riet. 

h is a vvell-known fact about thc 
Budapest that each meniber has had an 
equai voiee in all decisions. froni finan- 
cial to niusical, and all have shared 
cqually in the Quartet's carnings. It is 
not so well known that this egalitarian- 
ism began vvith the Quartet's founding 
in 19 IS. not vvith Roisnian's assumption 
of leadership. as has been erroneously 
reported elsewhcrc. In fact, when Rois- 
man was about to join the group as 
second Violinist, he became the target of 
an eicctioneering campaign by older 
members who wanted to be able to 
count on bis votc in impending Show- 
downs. But if a democratic modus op- 
erandi has worked for the Budapest, 
that is at least partly due to Roisnian's 
scrupulous impartiality. As he acknowl- 
edges, the bürden of democratic pro- 
eedure feil most heavily on the first Vio- 
linist, who in former times was wont to 
ruie with an iron fist. Fortunately for 
the Budapest, no one could have borne 
that bürden more gracefully than Rois- 
man. Yct no one can say for sure what 
mysterious Spiritual ccment accounts for 
the Budapest^ unprecedented longevity. 

The Players themscives have often at- 
tributed their staying together profcs- 
sionally to the divergence of their paths 
in private life. There is the oft-repeated 
tale of their lunching at four separate 
tables in the Russian Tea Room, for c\- 
ample. Yet. obviously, that cannot have 
been thc whole story. In a career of half 
a Century, embracing over 100 concerts 
annually, not to mention rehearsals, 
there must have been innumerable oc- 
easions when fealty to music-making had 
to be put above personal pique. and no 
one has ever accused string players of 
having imperturbable temperaments. 
Whatever has been the secret of thc 
Quartet's stick-to-itiveness, it has re- 
sulted in one of the most extraordinary 
ensembles in musical historv. 

Luckily, many of their most cherished 
Performances have been committed to 
thc immortality of rccordings (though. 
lamentably, quite a few are no longer in 
circulation). Still, it won't be easy to do 
without their live presencc. That sound 
of theirs, that fat, saftig» tone, with a 
warm, luminous timbre Robert Marsh 
once likened to ''the robust browns of a 
Rembrandt." is apt to echo long in our 
ears as an inimitable paradigm. When 
the Budapest bade farewell to the Li- 
brary of Congrcss scries in 1962. Paul 
Humc wrote: 'Their tone, their phras- 
ing, their style, their knowledge entered 
into US and became for us the essence, 
the fiber, the very meaning of Beetho- 
ven, of Mozart, of Schubert." Beauty 
will retiirn to quartet playing. he con- 
cluded in words that still ring truc, *'but 
it \N ill not be thc same." 

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Giiilini Oll Discs — Froiii China willi Lovc 

BOTH Stanislaw Skrowaczcwski and 
Carlo Maria Giiilini. vvho are 
guest-conductors of the New 
York Philharmonie this month, havc 
bcen conspicLioiisly activc in the reeord- 
ing Studios during the last decade and, 
not surprisingly. both have programmed 
works by which they have made theni- 
sclves known to reeord eollectors. Mr. 
Skrowaczewski, niiisic dircetor of the 
newiy renamed Minnesota State Or- 
chcstra (formerly the Minneapolis Sym- 
phony), has recorded both the Chopin 
F-minor Concerto and the Shostakovich 
Fifth Symphony. the works which con- 
stitute his Philharmonie program for 
December 5, 6 and 9. His soloist in the 
Chopin recording is his soloist in Phil- 
harmonie Hall. Alexis Weissenberg, 
with whom Mr. Skrowaczewski and the 
Paris Conservatoire Orchestra have re- 
corded all the Chopin works for piano 
and orchestra in a three-record Angel 
set (SC-3723). His own orchestra, un- 
der its former name. is hcard in Mr. 
Skrowaczewski's recording of the Shos- 
takovich, on a Philips World Series disc 

Mr. Giulini — who will become prin- 
cipal giiest conductor of the Chicago 
Symphony Orchestra next fall, in asso- 
ciation with that orchestra's new miisic 
director, Georg Solti — has included at 
least one title from his sizable discog- 

raphy in each of the four Philharmonie 
programs he is condiicting this month 
and^ next. The Mozart Symphony No. 
40, which concliides the program for 
December 12, 13, 14 and 16, is one of 
two played by the New Philharmonia 
Orchestra under his direction (the other 
is the Jupiter) on London CS-6479. 
That and his recording of the Schumann 
Piano Concerto with Artur Rubinstein 
and the Chicago Symphony on RCA 
Victor (LSC-2997) are the only Giulini 
rcleases so far which have not come 
from Angel or its subsidiary labcl Sera- 
phim. Four of the titles in the conduc- 
tor's later December and January pro- 
grams are available on Angel now in 
Performances by Giulini and the Phil- 
harmonia Orchestra: the Brahms First, 
on S-35835: Verdi's Quattro pczzi sacri 
(with the Philharmonia Chorus), on 
S-36125: Haydn's Surprisc Symphony 
(with a Symphony and an overture by 
Bocchcrini), on S-35712; and the Schu- 
mann Rhcnish Symphony (with the 
Manfred Overture) on S-35753. 

In addition to the three Schumann 
titles already cited, Mr. Giulini has also 
recorded that composer's Cello Con- 
certo. It is one of three works, all con- 
certos, recorded by both Giulini and 
Skrowaczewski, and the only one both 
conduetors have recorded with the same 
soloist, Janos Starker. The Starker/ 


Anfiel Records 

Carlo Maria (Jiulini reeord in f,' the Verdi Requiem with Schwarzkopf, Ludwig, 
Cedda, Ghiaurov and the Philharmonia Orehestra anj Chorn.s. 

Siuni\hiw Skrowaezewski 

Giulini, with the Philharmonia on Angel 
S-35598. is paired with the Saint-Saens 
A-minor Concerto; the Starker/Skro- 
waczewski, with the London Symphony 
Orchestra, shares Mercury SR-90347 
with the Lalo Cello Concerto. 

The Schumann Piano Concerto. 
which. as noted above, Mr. Giulini has 
recorded with Artur Rubinstein and the 
Chicago Symphony for RCA, has been 
recorded by Mr. Skrowaczewski and his 
Minneapolis Orchestra, with Byron 
Janis. on Mercury. The disc has been 
discontinued, but copies are still to be 
found in the shops (stereo SR-90383, 
mono MG-50383). Mr. Skrowaczewski, 
too, has recorded with Rubinstein, bnt 
their single collaborative efYort so far is 
the Chopin Concerto in E minor, on an 
RCA disc with the New Svmphony Or- 
chestra of London (LSC-2575). The 
Chopin, as also noted earlier, has since 
been rerecorded bv Mr. Skrowaczewski. 
as part of his three-record Angel set with 
Alexis Weissenberg. 

The last title common to both the 
Skrowaczewski and Giulini discogra- 
phies is the Brahms Piano Concerto in 
B flat, which Mr. S. has recorded with 
Gina Bachauer and the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra on another recently de- 
ieted Mercury (stereo SR-903()1, mono 
MG-5()301), and in which Mr. G. con- 
ducts the Philharmonia, with Claudio 
Arrau as soloist, on Seraphim S-60052. 

Brahms commands a surprisingly 
large portion of the Giulini discography. 


with scvcn titics rcprcsentcd. Only threc 
have hccn issiicd in this country, how- 
cvcr — thc two piano conccrtos, both with 
Arrau (thc D-minor is on Angel S- 
35892), and thc First Symphony. Thc 
Sccond and Third Symphonics, thc lat- 
tcr packagcd with thc Troi^ic Overture, 
and thc Variations on a Thcme hy 
Haydn (on a diso with Schubert's Vn- 
finishcd Symphony) arc availablc in 

vStatistically, onc must note thc promi- 
ncncc also of Rossini, Verdi, Mozart, 
Ravel, Tchaikovsky and Dvofak. The 
Rossini listing comprises one compictc 
opera, L'/taliana in Alicen (La Scala 
production, with Giiilictta Simionato and 
Cesarc Vallctti, Angel mono BL-3529). 
:«nd thc ovcrtiircs to eight othcrs. Only 
five of those overtnrcs, thoiigh, arc 
availablc in this country — La Ccnercu- 
tohi, La {^azza ladra, Scnüramide. Tan- 
crcdL William Teil — on Seraphim S- 
60058. The othcrs — // harhiere di Si- 
vii^lia, La scala di seta, II Sii^nor Brus- 
cliino and a rcmake of the one for 
Lltaliana in Al^eri — have been released 
in England on a disc shared with Verdi 
ovcrtures and preludes {La forza del 
(Icstino, I vespri siciliani, La Traviata). 
Ciiulini's domestically released Verdi, in 
addition to thc Quattro pezzi sacri. is a 
stunning recording of the Requiem with 
Elisabeth Schwarzkopf. Christa Ludwig, 
Nicolai Gedda. Nicolai Ghiaurov, and 
the Philharmonia Chorus and Orchestra 
(Angel SB-3649). 

Elisabeth Schwarzkopf also figurcs in 
tht two Mozart operas recordcd by Mr. 
Giulini for Angel. Shc is the Elvira in 
Don Giovanni, whose cast also includcs 
Eberhard Wacchter. Joan Sutherland. 
Grazicila Sciutti, Luigi Alva and Giu- 
seppe Taddei (SDL-3605, excerpts on 
S-35642). and shc is the Countess in 
Le nozze di Fii^aro with Anna MofTo, 
Fiorenza Cossotto, Wacchter, Taddei. 
et al. (SDL-3608, excerpts on S-35640). 

Two Ravel titics recordcd hy Giulini 
and the Philharmonia Orchestra — the 
Alhorada del Gracioso and the Daphnis 
et Chloe Suite No. 2 — were issued with 
dances from Falla's Thrce-Cornered Hat 
on an Angel record (sterco S-35820, 
mono 35820) discontinued now, but 
probably scheduled for an early reap- 
pearance on Seraphim. In the meantime, 
thcre is a more recent Ravel /Falla 
package by Giulini and thc New Phil- 
harmonia: the Püvane pour itne infante 
de f ante, Rapsodie espai^nole, and (with 
Victoria de los Angeles) El Amor hrujo, 
on Angel S-36385. And another Ravel 
item playcd by thc "cid'' Philharmonia 
— the Mother Suite — has already 
been transferred to Seraphim, together 
with Stravinsky's Firehird Suite and Bi- 
zet's Jeux d'Enfants (S-60022). 

Giulini and the Philharmonia have 
accounted for recordings of two sym- 
phonics each by Tchaikovsky and IDvo- 

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fak, plus two more works by each of 
those composcrs. The Tchaikovsky Sec- 
ond Symphony (the Llttle Russian), one 
of Giulini's carliest and most success- 
ful rccordings. is on Angel S-35463, 
together with Mussorgsky's Nimht on 
Buhl Mountain. The PatJictique is on 
Seraphim S-60()31, and Romeo and 
Juliet and Francesca da R'unini are 
paired on Angel S-3598(). Dvofäk's G- 
major wSymphony (No. 8, old No. 4) 
and Scherzo capriccioso are together on 
Angel S-35847, the New World and the 
Carnival Overture on Seraphim S-60045. 

The Giulini discography, nLimbering 
some five-dozen titles now, including 
music by Pergolesi, Cherubini, Franck. 
Vivaldi, Prokofiev, Debussy, Britten and 
Beethoven as well as the composers al- 
ready cited, has developed at a leisurely 
pace over the last fifteen years — the 
same period during which the Chicago 
Symphony Orchestra, with which Mr. 
Giulini is to begin bis association next 
fall, made its most significant recordings, 
principally under the late Fritz Reiner. 
Now that the Chicago orchestra is to 
have a *'principal guest conductor" for 
the first time, one assumes this will have 
discographical consequences — an infer- 
ence bolstered by noting that Giulini 
and the Chicago Symphony have already 
made one record together. 

It must also be noted that Mr. Giulini 
is one of twelve conductors who have 
recorded with the Chicago orchestra in 
the last ten years, a total of more than 
twice the nnmber who bad done so dur- 
ing the previous forty. Tt was not until 
the Reiner decade (1953-63) that any- 
one but the music director himself con- 
ducted the Chicago Symphony on rec- 
ords. Frederick Stock, during bis long 
reign, recorded with the orchestra for 
both Columbia and Victor, and bis two 
successors, Desire DeFauw and Artur 
Rodzinski, continued with RCA. Under 
Rafael Kubelik, the orchestra made some 
memorable records for Mercury. Since 
the Mercury contract called for two 
more discs with the orchestra when Fritz 
Reiner succeeded Mr. Kubelik, and since 
Mr. Reiner was signed to RCA, Antal 
Dorati, another Mercury artist, was 
called in for the last Mercury scssions, 
becoming the first guest conductor to 
record with the Chicago orchestra. Sub- 
seqnently, during Reiner's incumbency, 
Pierre Monteux recorded the Franck 
Symphony with the Chicagoans, Erich 
Leinsdorf conducted the Brahms B-flat 
Concerto with Sviatoslav Richter (Rei- 
ner himself managed to record it 
twice in Chicago, with Emil Gilels and 
Van Cliburn): and Walter Hendl, the 
orchestra's associate conductor at that 
time, made a number of concerto rec- 
ords with Jascha Heifetz, Henryk 
Szeryng, Van Cliburn, Gary Graffman 
and Erick Friedman — all of these on 

During Jean Martinon's five-year ten- 
ure in Chicago, the orchestra actually 
made more records under guest conduc- 
tors than under Mr. Martinon. In addi- 
tion to Mr. Giulini, the guests included 
Leopold Stokowski, Morton Gould, Seiji 
Ozawa and Georges Pretre on RCA, and 
Igor Stravinsky and Robert Graft on 
Columbia. Stravinsky recorded bis Or- 
pheus (MS-6646); Mr. Graft conducted 
the Schönberg orchestration of Brahms' 
Piano Qnartet in G minor. Opus 25 (in 
Volume 5 of his Schönberg cycle, M2S- 
752): among Morton Gould's five Chi- 
cago discs are two Ives collections, one 
featuring the Orchestral Set No. 2 and 
the Robert Browning Overture (LSC- 
2959), and a record combining Rimsky- 
Korsakov's Antar Symphony and Mias- 
kovsky's Symphony No. 21 ('lSC-3022). 
The Stokowski /Chicago recordings, not 
yet released, include Shostakovich's Sixth 
Symphony and Ai^e of Gold ballet mu- 
sic, Rimsky-Korsakov's Russian Easter, 
and the Khachaturian Third Symphony. 

If the Martinon/Chicago collabora- 
tion yielded only six discs, it may be 
Said that each of them is a genuinely 
distinguished release. All but one are 
devoted to twenticth-century music. and 
the latest introduces Mr. Martinon in 
the role of composer, offering his Sym- 
phony No. 4 (Altitudes), a work com- 
posed for the Chicago Symphony 
Orchestra's seventy-fifth anniversary 
(1965), and Peter Mennin's Symphony 
No. 7 (LSC-3043). The Second Suites 
from Roussel's Bacchus et Ariane and 
Ravel's Daphnis et CJiloe are paired on 
LSC-2806: Carl Nielsen's Symphony 
No. 4 and Helios Overture are on LSC- 
2958; Edgard Varese's Arcana and 
Frank Martin's Concerto for Seven 
Winds, Strings and Percussion are on 
LSC-29 1 4; Hindemitb's Nohilissima 
Visione and Bartok's MiracuJous Man- 
darin Suite share LSC-3004. The one 
disc of nineteenth-century material is 
LvSC-2939, which contains Bizet's two 
L'Arlesienne suites, the Overture to 
Lalo's Le Roi d'Ys, and the "Medita- 
tion" from Massenet's Thais, 

Everest Records may not boast the 
consistently stunning sound now that 
was evinced when the Company was new 
and producing its own material, but re- 
cent activity on that label has been 
nothing if not cnterprising. A few years 
ago Everest absorbed Concert-Disc, the 
label formerly owned by the members of 
the Eine Arts Qnartet. and continued to 
record the FAQ. which reccntly com- 
pleted its Beethoven series. Several of 
Pierre Boulcz's recordings of Schönberg, 
Stravinsky and Messiaen have appeared 
on Everest, as have the first recordings 
of music composed by the lamented 
Rumanian pianist Dinu Lipatti. There 
have also been some exceptionally in- 


icrcsting itcms from thc USSR. inclucl- 
m^ Shostakovich's Thirtecnth Symphony 
(sctlings of Bahi Yar and foiir othcr 
pocms of Yevgcny Ycvtushcnko) and a 
Rozhdcstvensky disc of Prokoficv's 
Symphonies Nos. ?. and 7. Intcrcsting 
as thesc itcms might bc to this or 
that collcctor, thc Evcrcst rccord 
labclcd ''Chinese Classical Masterpicces" 
(SDBR-3212, phony stcrco), onc of the 
most unusual things to comc out on any 
label in at Icast six wccks, bids fair to 
bccome what thc pcopic in the trade 
call a "slecpcr/* if only in thc catcgory 
of what used to bc termcd "camp" a 
mcrc thrce ycars ago. 

The disc ofTcrs two works, a piano 
conccrto titied Yoiith and a violin con- 
ccrto titlcd Thc Butterfiy Lovers, played, 
rcspectivcly, by pianist Liii wShih-kun 
and Violinist Shcn Yim^, both with Fan 
Chcng-wu condiicting thc Chinese Con- 
servatory Orchcstra. Conspicuous by its 
abscnce from thc label copy is any ref- 
crcncc to a composer; nor is there any 
indication of thc number of movcments 
in cither work, or, for matter, the 
location of thc "Chinese Ccnservatorv." 
whose orchcstra performs — it could bc 
in San Francisco. Hong Kong. Tel Aviv 
or l.ima, though thc implication in thc 
anonymous annotation is that it might 
be closer to Peking or Shanghai. 

A footnote on thc lincr explains, 
"Very often, a given piece will bc the 
fruit of a collaboration hctwccn two, 
sometimcs as many as four. compcscrs." 
and this, prcsumably, is why none is 
named. Certain sourccs havc bcen 
quoted as naming two Chinese musi- 
cians as the creators of Youth and 
six others as thc com posers of Thc But- 
terfiy Lovers, but the fascinated listcncr 
will enjoy doing bis own sicuthing. 

In thc piano conccrto, a piece whose 
shcer brilliancc and energy leavc onc in- 
creasingly incredulous through the 
course of its thirtcen-and-a-half minutes, 
there is a Suggestion of an even greater 
number of creative participants, or, at 
the very least, an exquisitely developcd 
sense of cciccticism. The solo part is 
apparcntly directly influcnced by (if not 
actually adaptcd from) the works of 
Louis Moreau Gottschalk and Percy 
Grainger, with a dash of Satie or Gersh- 
win thrown in here and there. 

This would seem to contradict the ref- 
crence in the annotation to the "heavy 
artistic debt owed to Mother Volga," 
but there are, indeed. echoes of some 
of the Icss persuasive portions of Gliere's 
ballet The Red Poppy in the downright 
unbclievable writing for the orchcstra. 
Othcr components seem to be a tape of 
thc Rhapsody in Biue playcd backward, 
thc coda of Albert W. Ketelby's immor- 
tal In a Chinese Tempi e Garden, also 
taped and played back at quadruple 
spccd. and street background noises 
from thc old Terry and the Pirates radio 

scries. Not overly prominent, but con- 
tributing an appropriate air of ecumeni- 
cism, is a Hammond organ playing soul 
music as a postlude to a miniaturc set 
of double variations on "Carry Me Back 
to Old Virginny" and "Thc Last Rose 
of Summer." 

One further influence is suggested 
very strongly by the timcly reissue on 
Victrola of the recordings made in 1937 
by the Uday Shankar Company of Hin- 
du Cancers and Musicians (VIC-136K 
mono only). Thc Danse Snanum on 
side two of this disc (which, despitc thc 
age of the original material. sounds 
hardly less contemporary than thc 
Evcrcst concertos) bears striking sim- 
ilaritics to thc orchestral portion of thc 
Youth conccrto. not only in terms of 
the instrumentation, but also the actual 
thematic content. While thc two pieccs 
may bc entircly unrclated, the listcncr 
can scarcely avoid noticing the resem- 
blancc of thc onc to thc othcr. 

Thc delicately scored violin conccrto, 
The Butterfiy Lovers, which probably 
comes from a film of thc same title, is a 
less gripping affair than the piano con- 
ccrto, Icss experimcntal and narrower 
in its derivations. Its frequcnt harp ,t,'//.v- 
sandi and occasional bursts of Iow-ke ' 
vigor suggest this might havc bcen the 
kind of violin conccrto Borodin would 
havc written for Khan Konchak's daugh- 
ter to perform during thc entertainment 
for Prince Igor if the Polovtsi had been 
fiddlers instead of dancers. There is also, 
as in the piano conccrto, more than a 
hint of double variations here, the sub- 
jccts in this work bcin^ "Old Black Joe" 
and Dvofak's Humorcsque. 

While the violin conccrto may bc en- 
enjoycd as a rclic of movie music ca. 
1934. it is thc piano conccrto, surcly, 
to which thc gratcfui (if amazed) 
listcncr will find himscif rcturning again 
and again. Old-timcrs may be assured 
that, in thc catcgory of '"camp," the 
piano conccrto ofTcrs thc double advan- 
tage of being even more dilficult to iden- 
tify than Wagncr's Lichesvcrhot Over- 
ture and of bcing infinitcly more 
amusing in its own right. In fact, it may 
well be thc funniest rccord issued in the 
last decade. not excepting the elegant 
little madrigal "Love your navcl," in 
the Columbia collcction headed Rock 
and othcr Four-Lettcr Words (MS- 

On the serious side. an Editor's note 
to Alfred Frankcnstcin's review of the 
Chinese conccrto rccord in the Novem- 
ber issue of Hii^h Fidelity advises that 
Liu Shih-kun, the piano soloist in Youth. 
winner of thc second orize in the First 
Tchaikovsky International Piano Con- 
test in Moscow, in 1958. (thc year Van 
Cliburn won first prize), rcccntly feil 
victim in bis homeland to the Red 
Guards. who broke both of bis wrists 
aftcr arrestine him. Richard freed 

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lVfar(|iiee . . . 

conti niu'd from put^e 2 

itself. Mr. Bessire's philosophy toward 
the Lincoln Square Community, retlcct- 
ing that of the Institution hc represents, 
was expressed recently in his brief talk 
diiring a public hearinc betöre the Citv 
Planning Commission relative to the 
establishment of a special-district zon- 
ing for the area. Pointing out that 
coln Center serves actively within the 
Community as a member of the Council, 
he added that "It is very much the Cen- 
ter's way of living in Lincoln Square to 
act and participate as a member of the 
total Community." 

The hearing for special-district zon- 
ing revolved around the CounciTs plea 
that the burgeoning growth and mod- 
ernization of Lincoln Square be directed 
now and in the future by sensible guide- 
lines. Proper zoning as a Special District 
could change disorganized building and 
traftic proposals for the Lincoln Square 
area into its "devclopment into one of 
the most satisfactory urban environ- 
ments in this nation," in the words of 
Vir. Bessire. 

"With design and planning control," 
he continued, ''the many-facteted needs 
of our multi-racial and economically 
balanced Community are more likely to 
be met. Lincoln Center is deeply in- 
volved in this Community and plays a 
responsible role in conducting its neigh- 
borhood affairs. We believe we are act- 
ing not only in our own best interests 
but also in behalf of the Community in 
which we live." 

Rabbi Edward E. Klein, President of 
the Lincoln Square Community Council, 
feels with Lincoln Center that "The 
needs of all our Citizens must be served 
and the neighborhood's economic, racial 
and ethnic spread must be maintained" 
through foresighted and coordinated 

"Our neighborhood," he says, "with 
its vast complex of cultural, religious, 
cducational and communal institutions, 
high-rise luxury apartments, office build- 
ings, public-housing facilities and small 
businesses is in desperate need of such 

The neighborhood still retains its di- 
versified character. The planning Consul- 
tant firm of Hart, Krivatsy and Stubce 
recently wrote: "Despito the large-scale 
change, the trend toward luxury housing 
and the widesprcad displacement of 
long-time residents, the population of 
Lincoln Square is still characterized by 
ethnic, age and income difTerences that 
make for a socially diverse and rather 
heterogcneoLis Community. This is in 
marked contrast to other areas of the 
city where apartmcnt booms have had 
narrowing effects on the population 
mix." But and humane planning, 

particularly for housing devclopment, 
is a must if this desirable diversity is to 
survive and the undesirable future of 
Lincoln ^Square as a "privileged ghetto" 
is to be avoided, according to Mr. Bes- 
sire and Rabbi Klein. 

The Lincoln Square Community 
Council, in its request for coordinated 
and orderly devclopment, has a sym- 
pathctic and understanding listener in 
the Chairman of the City Planning Com- 
mission, Donald H. Elliott. "The Build- 
ing of Lincoln Center set the process of 
change in motion," he commcnted re- 
cently. "The City and Community must 
capitalize on the energies generated by 
that hnge public investment to enrich 
the lives of all New Yorkers. This means 
that we must be acutelv sensitive to the 
nature of the change and the needs of 
thosc most directly affected by it." 

A comprehensive study is being plan- 
ned of the 60-block area surrounding 
Lincoln Center, to set guidelincs for its 
devclopment. The Joint effort. sponsored 
by the Council and the City Planning 
Commission. will cost $50,000. The City 
will contribute $20,000 toward the bill, 
with the rest to be madc up through 
Community fund raising. 

In various, more immediate ways Lin- 
coln Center is actively and continually 
involved in Lincoln Square commLmity 
life. The Center Sponsors regularly Stu- 
dent Program Performances in West 
Side secondary schools. It also has tail- 
ored and sent in special performing arts 
programs, in Cooperation with its con- 
stituents, to elementary schools in the 
neighborhood. (The regulär Lincoln 
Center Student Program does not en- 
compass grade schools.) It has spon- 
sored, with other organizations, an open 
forum on the narcotics problem and 
public meetings on topics of special in- 
terest to the Lincoln Square Community. 
It assists in the presentation of the Bor- 
ough President's annual career forum 
for high school students. It helps main- 
tain Cooperation betwcon the New York 
City police precincts covering Lincoln 
Center, the Housing Authority police 
with Jurisdiction in the Amsterdam 
Houses, which are directly behind the 
Center, and the Center's own security 
force. In Cooperation with the neighbor- 
hood's residents. tours of the Center and 
opportunity to attend various Perform- 
ances in its auditoriums have been pro- 
vided for neighborhood parents and 
children, with the plan to be expanded 
on a regulär programmed basis. 

There are still thorny problems to be 
resolved and, Mr. Bessire points ont, 
"Naturally there are times when certain 
objectives of the Center and the aspir- 
ations of the Community may differ." 
In any such conflicts, he says, the Center 
must continue to work for 'balance'' in 
its Community discussions and cfiorts. 







-4 r 



And nigf ^ i f ilong 
MarlboromKWhe Longhorns ! 
Either way, yllsiet a lot to like. 






' >* i » ; I 


:r----.. _ 


Come to where the f lavor is. Come to Marlboro Country. 




New York Philharmonie 



Andre Kostelanetz 




New York Pliilliarmoiiic to Give Fif th Seasoii of Parks Concerts 

THE NEW YORK Philharmonie has 
schcduied its fifth season of free 
concerts in New York City parks this 
Summer, opening Tuesday, July 29, in 
Central Park. The 1 2-coneert series, ex- 
tending through Friday, August 22, 
compriscs thrce Performances each in 
the boroughs of Manhattan and Brook- 
lyn, and two each in the Bronx, Queens 
and Staten Island. As in the past four 
seasons, the concerts will be sponsored 
by the New York City Parks, Recreation 
and CultLiral Affairs Administration, the 
Jos. Schlitz Brewing Company and the 
New York Philharmonie. 

Josef Krips will conduct the opening 
wcek's concerts in which John Brown- 
ing, the American pianist, will perform 
Samuel Barber's Piano Concerto. Three 
Performances will be given: in the 
Sheep Meadow in Manhattan's Central 
Park, Brooklyn's Prospect Park and the 
Bronx Botanical Garden. 

Efrem Kurtz will conduct the second 
week of concerts featuring Stanley 
Drucker, Philharmonie Principal Clar- 
inet Player, in Performances of Aaron 
Copland's Clarinet Concerto. In addi- 
tion to Manhattan and Brooklyn, Per- 
formances will be given in Staten 
Island's Clove Lakes Park and Queens' 
Crocheron Park. 

Karel Ancerl will conduct the final 
weeks of concerts, and the American 
pianist, Byron Janis, will perform Bee- 
thoven's Concerto for Piano and Or- 
chestra, No. 3 in C minor. These con- 
certs will be given in each of the city's 
f\ve boroughs. 

Ncarly one and onc-half million peo- 
ple have heard the Philharmonie during 
its four previous seasons of parks con- 
certs. Individual concerts have attracted 
audiences as largc as 75,000. The con- 
certs will be given in the Mrs. Charles S. 
("Minnie") Guggenheimer Shell, which 
was designed and constructed by Chris- 
topher Jaffe of Stagecraft Corporation 
and paid for by the City of New York's 
capital budget in 1965 and 1966. The 
portable shell weighing more than 60 
tons is constructed on four large trailers 
which move from borough to borough 
after each concert. 

••• . x»),(t.. 



■i jw i ft i ?■•*■»> T- -T • >«nfiiiijii • <|r 

*►-« ,.*.*. 



Christian Steiner 

JOSEF KRIPS, Conducting 




Egmont Overture 

Piano Concerto 

Symphony No. 7, C major {The Great) 




Sheep Meadow, Central Park 
Prospect Park 
Botanical Garden 

Tuesday, July 29 
Thursday, July 31 
Friday, Aufiust 1 

EFREM KURTZ, Conducting 





Joumey to Rheims Overture 

Clarinet Concerto 

Excerpts from Suites Nos. 1 & 2, 

Romeo and Julie t 

Symphony No. 6 (Pathetique) 


Sheep Meadow. Central Park 
Clove Lakes Park 
Prospect Park 
Crocheron Park 

Tuesday, Auf^ust 5 
Wednesday, August 6 
Thursday, August 7 
Suturday, August 9 

KAREL ANCERL, Conducting 





Carnival Overture 

Piano Concerto No. 3, C minor 

Symphony in D minor 

Sheep Meadow, Central Park 
Botanical Garden 
Crocheron Park 
Prospect Park 
Clove Lakes Park 

Cover by Peter Wexler 

Tuesday, August 12 
Friday, August 15 
Saturday, August 16 
Thursday, August 21 
Friday, August 22 

i?^L^^ Saturday Review. Inc. All rijfhts reserved. Reproduction in whole or in nart 
Of any article without permission is prohibited. Printed in the United States ofAmeS 

Robert Jacobson. Managing Editor; Irvilf* S^J^e^ '^V^c '^^l i^/h ÄHno^^oTu^t^r^aÄ?^^^^^^^ }^^^, Board; 

Wtiehanä Travel Atomizer 

feather4ight—tö tuck into your purse or bag—wherever you go 

WTiite Shoulders'' or "Most Precious" 


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. rf .■ '...^ . \ <r< 

SL 95 handles 
them better. 
Prove it to 
yourself . . . 

Herc s how an umbrella spindle 

handlos a Stack of records. 

One area support — three retractable 

metal fingers at the conter 

of the record. 

Ifs good . . but now try this. 

Heres how the Garrard SL 95 
handles a Stack of records. 
Two point Support ~at center and edge 
Recognized as the gentlest, surest 
and safest mechanism on the market. 

It's an exciusive Garrard feature. 

For complimentary Comparator Guide, write 
Garrard, Westbury, N.Y 11590 



John D. Rockefeiler 3rd 


Charles M. Spofford 
Devereux C. Josephs 


Amyas Arnes 


Gustave L. Levy 


Hoyt Ammidon 
Francis J. Bloustein 
Gilbert W. Chapman 
Richard M. Cliirman 
John W. Drye, Jr. 
Lauder Greenway 
Harry Helmsley 
Robert L. Hoguet 
Howard B. Johnson 
David M. Keiser 

Goddard Lieberson 
William F. May 
Rev. L. J. McGinley, SJ. 
Robert Montgomery 
George S. Moore 
Frank Slanton 
George D. Stoddard 
Harry Van Arsdale, Jr. 
Lawrence A. Wien 
George D. Woods 
Edgar B. Young 


Honorable John V. Lindsay, Mayor of New York 
Honorable August Heckscher, Commissioner of Parks 

William Schuman 


Robert E. Blum 
Clarence Francis 
Mrs. Lytle HuU 
Robert Moses 



John W. Mazzola, Executive Vice-President and General Manager 

Henry E. Bessire, Vice-President, Development 

Mark Schubart, Vice-President, Education 

Robert P. Brannigan, Director for Prodiictions 

Carl Cannon, Director, Visitors Services 

Joseph Gorman, Jr., Controller 

George H. Henderson, Secretary and Counsel 

Thomas R. Mathews, Director, Editorial Services 

John O'Keefe, Director, Public Information 


Hoyt Ammidon 


George G. Montgomery, Jr» 
Crocker Nevin 
William M. Rees 
Andrew Y. Rogers 
George Weissman 
Lawrence A. Wien 

R. Manning Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. Robert L. Hoguet 
Howard B. Johnson 
Devereux C. Josephs 
Edwin S. Marks 
William F. May 


George Balanchine, New York City Ballet 

Rudolf Bing, Metropolitan Opera Association 

Edward G. Freehafer, The New York Public Library 

Jules Irving, The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center 

John W. Mazzola, Lincoln Center 

Peter Mennin, The Juilliard School 

Carlos Moseley, New York Philharmonie 

Richard Rodgers. The Music Theater of Lincoln Center 

Julius Rudel, New York City Opera 

Mark Schubart, Lincoln Center 

Norman Singer. City Center of Music and Drama, Ine, 


Mark Schubart, Lincoln Center 


Philip Hart, The Juilliard School 

John Gutman, Metropolitan Opera 

Mrs. George A. Garden, New York Philharmonie 

Mrs. Norman Lassalle, City Center of Music and Drama, Ine, 

Mrs. Jean Godfrey, The New York Public Library 

Alan Mandell. The Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center 

Ronald Bniguiere, The Music Theater of Lincoln Center 

British Industries Co., a division of Avnet, Ine 

We throw our cars in the river 

It's Ford Motor Company's 
better idea to keep your car 
from getting rusty. 

The river? Our electrified Red 
Paint River. It guards against rust. 
It's a Ford Motor Company 

The River is 90 feet long. 
Runs red with 50,000 gal- 
lons of ionized primer 
paint. And is alive with 240 
volts. We dunk car bodies 
in the River. The metal 
^^ .,„ ^ . .. bodies are positive. The ion- 

The 69 Continental Mark III. Protected .... 

against rust by a dip in the Red River. IZed paint IS negative. We 

shoot the current through the pos- 
itive bodies and the negative paint. 
When that happens the paint and 
the metal fuse. Become as one. To 
help lock out rust. 

The Red Paint River is a better 
idea you probably never knew was 
there. And it's there because the 
people at Ford Motor Company 
respect the fact that when you in- 
vest in a Continental Mark III, you 
have a right to expect more than 
good looks. 

So, when you go out to buy a 
new car, remember . . , 

Better ideas help 

Ford Motor Company build 

cars that last longer. 

• • . has a better idea 


fifßf ■ 


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<*, -;- vÄ 



.Watfiv'i'iiitfrfri ■•■'■.•■ 

iifciiiri'i'i^^Vri'iT' ' • 

Vital facts about the Hall 

Tonight, a sari — 

transformed into the 
cool of dinner pcjcmas 
— opoque white silk 
shot through wlth gold 
metolllc, by Mort Schröder. 
145.00 The Evening Salon, 
Third Floor, Lord & Taylor 

With several rows of seats re- 
moved and the elevators depressed, 
an orchestra pit can be provided. 
The stage is also equipped with a 
center-stage elevator to facilitate the 
delivery and removal of a concert 
grand piano when it is required. 

Capacity 2,836 

Orchestra 1,502 
Loge 406 

Ist Terrace 480 
2nd Terrace 448 

Stage dimensions 
61 feet Wide 
40 feet deep 
With additional 
elevator Space 
48 or 56 feet deep 

Max Abramovitz, Architect 


Patrick B. McGinnis 

Louise Homer 
Booking Director 

Robert L. Turner 
Assistant Manager 

Delmar D. Hendricks 
House Manager 

Charles Whiteman 
Box Office Treasurer 

Charles Peck 

Assistant Box Office Treasurer 

George Cree 

Assistant House Manager 

Tickets for Performances at Philhar- 
monie Hall, the New York State Thea- 
ter and the Vivian Beaumont Theater 

may be purchased at six off-location 
box Offices: at Bloomingdale's, 59th 
Street and Lexington Avenue in Man- 
hattan, and at the branch in North 
Hackensack, New Jersey; and at Abra- 
ham & Straus Stores located in Brook- 
lyn, Huntington, Hempstead and Man- 

The Steinway is the official piano of 
Philharmonie Hall 

FIRE NOTICE. The exit indicated by a 
red light and sign nearest to the seat you 
occupy is the shortest route to the street. 
In the event of fire or other emergency 
please do not run— WALK TO THAT 

Photographed at Lincoln Center for the Perfo 

IKIMrrfff 1 iflllfii I 

A living trust was wliat we needed because 
it tiirns the responsibilities of our investments 
over to Professionals. My business takes iip 
nearly all my time and I like to spend the rest 
with my family. More than ever before I realize 
that I can't take care of the day-to-day invest- 
ment decisions, to say notliing of the taxes and 

"The Bank is never sick, never takes a vacation 
— yet its fees are no more than the cost for an 
individual trustee. And my attorney arranged 
things so that should anything happen 
to me, the trust continues for the bene- 
fit of my family— with a simple change-| 
over and a minimum of expense/ 

• '-■■■ ■-V-->v,.;.>Ä.x^^,j^a«p 

Because The Bank of New York de- mercial bank, it is uniquely qualified write Mr. Matthew E. Gately, Trust 

votes a greater proportion of its rev- to act as executor and trustee. If you Officer. Ask for a copy of our booklet, 

cnues and talents to investment skills are interested in leaming about living Personal Financial Planning. It will 

than any other major New York com- trusts, you are cordially invited to be sent to you without any Obligation. 

The Bank of New York 

New York's First Bank • Founded 1784 by Alexander Hamilton • Main OfRce: 48 Wall St. 10015 

■\(^ m {") 


LCLJr^ ^tfi L COCCtCT^QyJ 






sc Ul Pi 

\A*< L 


^Les ^' ß/'f^HiAjCM/ 

(bC f!) eA.;vr^^ 

Erna WeilPs "IVlolliers o( Biriiiiiigliam'^^ on Teaiiec*k Campus 

p, « 

known and myster-ious figures that 
often haunt the backgrounds. Tech- 
nically he has a wide ränge of in- 

Born in Philadelphia, he won a 
scholarship to the Pennsylvania Aca- 
deniy of Fine Arts and Barnes 
Foundation. He served five years 
in the Southwest Pacific as staff 
photographer and artist correspon- 
dent on army publications. He 

painted and exhixited in that area, 
winning a first prize in a Philip- 
pine Army Show. 

"The Mothers of Birmingham," a 
sculpture by Erna Weill of Teaneck, 
was formally atcepted for Fairleigh 
Dickinson University by Dr. Peter 
Sammartino, university president, at 
a recent meeting of the Teaneck Town 
and Gown Society in the Teaneck Cam- 
pus Library auditorium. The sculp- 
ture, a group of four women, repre- 
sents the four anguished mothers of 
the Negro children killed in the church 
bombing in Birmingham, Ala. 

Mrs. Weill Said that s he had feit 
very strongly about the terrible in- 
cident. "I wanted to get a response 
Ol c'ompassion foi" the mothers, so 
deeply hurt, in their grief," she ex- 
plained. "An artist has some kind of 
a mission--it is up to me not to just 
stand by and keep my mouth shut. 
This is my way of expressing my 
ideas.. .1 am extremely happy that 
young people will see thiswork. Peo- 
ple forget so easily." 

"The Mothers of Birmingham" will 
remain in the Teaneck Campus Li- 

In conjunction with the Town and 


soloisls und orchesira 

conducted by Mark Orton 

MASS in 


May 16 
8:00 p.m. 


Kent Place Boulevard 

Tickets: Adults- $2.50 

Students- $1.25 

Available from members, or 

w r i 1 6 : 

Summit Chorale 

Box 265, Summit, N.J. 

APRIL 1965 

Gown meeting an exhibit of eight other 
pieces of Erna Weill' s sculpture was 
shown in a room adjoining the audi- 

>^ >t- * 

Irv Docktor Having Show 
At Lucinda Art Gallery 

An exhibit of paintings that run 
the gamut from abstract to class- 
ical portraiture by Irv Docktor will 
provide a one-man show at Lucinda 
Art Gallery, Tenafly, that will have 
an opening reception with the artist 
present on Sunday, Apr. 2 5, at 2-5 
p.m. and then continue through Sat- 
urday, May 8. 

However it is feminine forms of 
great grace and with deeply thought- 
ful contenances that seem to capti- 
vate Docktor, as shown by the un- 

Irv Docktor 


DONALD GAGE, Director 

235 Christopher Street, Lpper iViontclair 
For Information or Appointment 

Telephone: Audrey R. Bouvier, Secretary, 605 Thoreau Törrace, Union 
MUrdock 8-6624 If no answer call Pllgrim 4-0166 

The Auditions Committee 


of New Jersey 

wishes to acknowledge their appreciation of the enthusiastic 
response and Cooperation of all the Tearhers (many being 
newcomers) who have entered their students in the Annual 
Auditions in such numbers as to exceed the 1964 total. 

Jules Liss, 

Chairman oj the Auditions Committee 

Samuel Applebaum, Chairman for Strinßs 
Donald Gage, Chairman for Voice 


New Trinity Exaniiiier 

Ralph Elliott, ARCM, FTCL 

Ralph Elliott, ARCM, FTCL, will 
be the examiner for the pi'actical 
exams of the Trinity College of Mu- 
sic, London, to be held at Bam- 
berger's, Newark, next month. A 
record number, 419, according to 
Hilda Cleophas Jones of Glen Ridge, 
chairman for the Eastern Division, 
largest in this country, are candi- 

Arriving in New Jersey, Apr. 30, 
Mr. Elliott will come here from Ca- 
nada and will make side-trips to 
Connecticut and Washington, D.C. to 
give exams while staying here. One 
day will be spent in Wyckoff because 
of the large number of candidates 
from the studio of Walter Schoeder. 
Mrs. Jones and Margaret Jones 
Johnson, secretary, are arranging a 
reception in his honor at the Glen 
Ridge Country Club May 11 at 11. 


Certifled by 
Interstate Music Teachers Council 

37tk Consecutive Season 


ESsex 5-1038 


Oirector and Piano Teacher 



Preparatory History« Sight Reading 

MEC to Hear Rose Raymond 
Talk, Alice Shapiro Play 

One of New York's most promi- 
nent teachers, Rose Raymo*nd, will 
speak on "Principles on Laws of 
Interpretation" at the Pedagogical 
Conference of the N. J. Music Edu- 
cation Council at the St. Thomas E- 
piscopal Church, Park Ave. and 
Roseville avenues, Newark, Thurs- 
day, Apr. 8 at 9 a.m. Also on the 
program will be a half-hour recital 
by Concert Pianist Alice Shapiro who 
gave a recent master class for the 
Organization, and a demonstration 
of new teaching material by Car- 
mela Cecere of West Orange. Miss 
Shapiro will play Haessler's "Grand 
Giga," Chopin' s "Mazurka" and "Sche- 
rzo in C Sharp minor" and Tcher- 
pnin's "Bagatelles". Executive Di- 

Beiiefit Concert Soloist 

Rose Raymond 

rector Alex Chiappinelli will be 

A native of New York City, Rose 
Raymond revealed an outstanding 
musical talent at an early age. She 
studied in Vienna with Leopold Godo- 

Mildred Blessing 

Mildred Blessing will be featured 
as soprano soloist in a benefit mu- 
sicale for the Arthritic Fund by the 
Woman's Club of Bloomfield at the 
Club, 10 Clarendon PI., Friday, May 
2 at 4 p.m. Rosalind Dobie of Ma- 
plewood will be accompanist 

Mrs. Blessing is a graduate of 
the Academy of Allied Arts, New 
York, and was one of the first wo- 
men in radio and on the staff of a 
local Station. She has sung in op- 
era, oratorio, church and television. 
She organized the "Rainbow Trio," 
a populär vocal group that worked 
for the USO during World War 2 
and continued active in veterans hos- 
pitals and musical therapy through 
1950. A former president of the 
late Schumann Heink Chorus, she is 
still very active in music circles, 
being president of the Schumann Mu- 
sic Study Club of Maplewood and so- 
loist at the Roseville Methodist 

wsky and in London with Tobias Mat- 
thay. She has given numerous Town 
Hall recitals in New York and has 
concertized in many other eitles as 

The N. J. Music Education Council, Inc. 

wants to express its appreciation to all 
teachers who have entered their students in 
the Annual Auditions, more than last year, 
and pledge our sincerest efforts for fair and 
constructive testing of their training. 

Alex Chiappinelli, Executive Director 
39 Randolph PI. Newark, N. J* 



I V;irlH'r Promis Sludriit 

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a I I < a 1 1 • • t • Is 1 1 i L', i 1 . 

lii» ■ [' roll ''.'Uli Ulli (>!'<■ ti u if t. Sehn 
maiiii's "int (■ fiiic/.zi) 1 h I, I'lrii minoi'", 

fol low fii I )\ 1 JM • l'i \-^\ \\H)\ itlH'[\] nt' 

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wliic-li M r C'al'an lli uill ainau npai i\- , 
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I lania I , . Toi lal^olT, I .iic;. I ialar. lan 
and Moll r\ I .o\ ino . Tlio soin i l'i - 

nnls wliicdi will Iw hold ;ii MonMdair 
Sl.ito (olloi^o on Siiiida'. . Ajir. Jd 
with oacdi candidriio iu;a rd h\ iwo 
^'t' Mio Sc jiidiM's: M;i\ Ihfs, Sidno\ 
Morrow, Kaxtnoiid l.owontnnl. hdon- 
ard MoCdanman and Miirra\ l'ro 
Soul. Tho linnls at i)oiioi:iss ('(d 

l''L',f Siinda_\ , .\la\ In, ^a 1 1 1 lia\o rnn 
didatos lioardhs Uioso t'our di»ii^<'-"-i : 
Victoria \ Ci'so, M( (danrdian, Morrow 
.and I ,o wo ni tui I . 

PEHEARSAL: Angelo Cafaretli, Teaneck teacher, coaches Student Randy Edelman 

Uatidv i >o i't'o rincd roooiil!\ in .a pi- 
ani^ rochal l)\ ad^anooij sMaionts i>l' 
M r. •( "ata roll 1 at ilio llaoKonsaon \Vo- 

laiida ('allojo and ixatnloon McCdo- 
Si\c\ ol llidL'tddold l'ari'. an<i l>or(; 
'hca Swot 1. ui'Lianisi and a ocuiü i )ritn s' 

IM all' s (duh rihuir, with ira Lraiilaii orAllondalt 

of !'( aiiook. \itia Innt/ ol' llaol-aai 
s a< 'f. .Ii lar I it ■ I \ ri i d < if h'.' • r;'' • • t i« 1 d 

(fanl< II Sl. (Jioi'al (loiicrrl 

'^' ■ I o i t 1 1 (1 is l'i oMi u, ra nd ai k j 1 il' i it 

opf i\a ;iiid r-'A^ r.a 1 a r rani't am ar s ol' 
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proi-rani t'o i 'ho i jlt h Atinnal Sprina 
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'»■anno lanoidn. so[)ran(i w ho is on 
ho .lo rso\- ("ii\ Slalo Colloo»' t'atail 
>, and d(d:t! Po/odi, hass harit()no 
will ho s t ) 1 ( ) 1 s i .--> . 

\' iH or io \' • ■ rso will oondaf with 
his w i t'o , Marion \'o!So as assi staut 
dirodor and aoooinpaii is' . Sfio was 
!■(•(■( aii l\ t doc' od ' o 'ho na! naial hon - 

I ■ a r \ t n 1 1 s i ( a 1 .-^ o « a o t \ . S i o i n a A 1 p h; a 

1 o I a . 

Mr. C'arartlli had iiis (AS n coti- 
n- f' p i;iid st 1 a'i r< <■ r . II»' iias ho< ai 
S(doi.->' witn tho |{i va • r.-^id» ■ SviMphon_\ 
(hidiostia and ! ht- 'l^uufi i, (diorns. 
1 in iiaSi4i\on (•■onnis ;i' l''a i r h a s.d! 
l^i i'hi ii,-.oii l'nu'orsi'N, Marshall Col 
loLio in Wosi X'irLiiiiia and 'hf r.roix;- 
l\ii Aoadtan\ of Miisic. llo has aw 
• •n nian\ otiior [X'o^ranis in 'ho I io r - 
.ü,«ai Cd/!iiii\ ai'oa, port'orint'd m 
so\''ral r()infrts l'o r th(' Tra<a:ors 
Ciiiild sta,ol a rsliip Pand niid will phav 
t'or atiothof (diiid l)taitd'ii at tho loa- 
n o ( K i a i a ■ a r V M ro, 1 . 

lunc K ( :amimu:ll 
SU DK) Ol si\(;iN(; 

comfot and relaxation 
for years 

in the one and only 




Newrjrlr Studio: 569 Broad St , Newark, N J. 

MI 2-1459 

APRIL 1965 

EL 2-3961 


$109 50 

n [,(>rji(l)upnsc h Co. 

rö^^"^ EAbl ORANGE 

33 Halsted S* . neor Main 
Op'm Mor^ , Wed Fri. Evening» 


Teacher Presents Student 

Randy Edelman of Teaneck, who 
has been heard before in a John 
Harms Young Peoples Concert, pro- 
grams sponsored by the Bergen 
County Music Teachers Guild and 
at the Hackensack and Maplewood 
Woman's Clubs, wiU be presented 
in a recital by bis teacher, Angelo 
Cafarelli of Teaneck, at the Hacken- 
sack Women's Club, Friday, May 
7, at 8:15 p.m. He is 17, a senior 
at Teaneck High. 

The progrsLm will open with Schu- 
mann's "Intermezzoin E flat minor", 
foUowed by the first movement of 
Beethoven' s "Emperor Concerto" in 
which Mr. Cafarelli will accompany, 
and then three Chopin works, the 
"Ballade in G Minor." "Etüde in E" 
and "Polonaise in A flat." These-, 
cond half will include Brahm's "Rhap- 
sody in G. Minor" and the first move- 
ment of Grieg's "Concerto in A Mi- 
nor," accompanied by Mr. Cafarelli. 

well as appearing with Chamber mu- 
sic groups. Spe is a recognized 
authority on piano playingtechniques, 
having teachers as her principal stu- 
dents. She is a faculty member and 
adjudicator of the National Guild of 
Piano Teachers and a member of 
the Music Teachers National Asso- 
ciation, American Composers and 
Conductors and other organizations. 
The preliminaries of the Annuai 
Auditions were held during March 
with these judges officiating: Wil- 
liard MacGregor, Rose Raymond, 
Hania L. Poliakoff, Lucy Balakian 
and Henry Levine. Thesemi-fi- 
nals which will be held at Montclair 
State College on Sunday, Apr. 25 
with each candidate heard by two 
of these judges: May Etts, Sidney 
Morrow, Raymond Lewenthai, Rich- 
ard McClanahan and Murray Pre- 
sent. The finals at Douglass Col- 
lege Sunday, May 16, will have can- 
didates heard by these four judges: 
Victoria Verse, McClanahan, Morrow 
and Lewenthai. 


m , . ■'tvt:;.. 



' '^oi 




Wtf ^ ' ' „. *! 


REHEARSAL: Angelo Cafarelli, Teaneck 

Randy performed recently in a pi- 
ano recital by advanced students of 
Mr. "Cafarelli at the Hackensack Wo- 
man's Club along with Ira Landau 
of Teaneck, Nina Tuntz of 'Hacken- 
sack, Joanne Rand of Bergenfield, 

Garden St. Choral Concert 

Selections from grand andlight 
opera and Choral arrangements of 
compositions by Debussy, including 
Clair de Lune, will comprise the 
program for the 12th Annuai Spring 
Concert of the Garden State Choral 
Society in the local High School, Me- 
tuchen, Saturday, May 1 at 8:30 p.m. 
Jeanne Lincoln, soprano who is on 
the Jersey City State College facul- 
ty, and John Powell, bass-baritone 
will be soloists. 

Vittorio Verse will conduct with 
his wife, Marion Verse as assistant 
director and accompanist. She was 
recently elected to the national hon- 
orary musical Society, Sigma Alpha 


teacher, coaches Student Randy Edelman 

Linda Callejo and Kathleen McClo- 
skey of Ridgefield Park and Doro- 
thea Sweet, Organist and accompanist 
of Allendale. 

Mr. Cafarelli has had his own con- 
cert pianist career. He has been 
soloist with the Riverside Symphony 
Orchestra and the Teaneck Chorus. 
He has given recitals at Fairleigh 
Dickinson University, Marshall Col- 
lege in West Virginia and the Brook- 
lyn Academy of Music. He has giv- 
en many other progrsims in the Ber- 
gen County area, has performed in 
several concerts for the Teachers 
Guild scholarship fund and will play 
for another Guild benefit at the Tea- 
neck Library May 1. 

comfort and relaxatlon 
for years 

in the on« and only 





N«wark Studio: 369 Broad St.. N«wark, N. J. 

MI 2-1459 

EL 2-3961 

) l^crtülWußnsdi Co. 

APRIL 1965 


^^ 33 Halsted St., near Main 

Open Mon., Wed., Frl. Evening» 


PivseiiLs Stuclents al iAuh 


A program of soios and duets will 
be performed by four students of 
Donald Gage, Upper Montclair singer 
and voice teacher, for the Arlington 
Music Club at the Players Club, 
Monday, Apr. 19 at 8:15 p.m. Mrs! 
Charles W. Jackson will be program 

The students will include Earl 
Schub, tenor, formerly wihh the Ro- 
bert Shaw Chorale, soloist at the 
First Methodist Church of Newark 
and an executive with a Newark 
newspaper; Joan Aslanian, mezzoso- 
prano of Neptune; Virginia Raab, 
soprano of Hanover and Mary Helen 
Thompson, Montclair contralto. 
Well-known classic and art songs 
mixed with some lighter numbers, 
will provide the program . 

j^ * * 
Folklore Society Festival 

A Spring Music Festival will pro- 
vide the program of the Dorothea 
Dix Lawrence Folklore Society, USA, 
in the studio of Miss Lawrence' s 
home at 512 Stelle Ave., Plainfield, 


New Jersey 

Caldwell, N. J. 07006 


Kintlly .srnd your magazinc to the 
foUow'Jng address lor one year. 




1-Yr. §3,00, 2-Yr. ?5.50; 3-Yr. §8.00 


Wednesday, Apr. 21 at 8 p.m. In- 
cluded will be a program about bag- 
pipes by Marjory Harper, Jersey 
City composer; presentation of Ser- 
bian music of California performed 
on the gousle, and recorded Indian 
music by the Miwuk tribe of Cali- 
fornia and a ritual ceremony of the 
Passamanquoddy tribe of Eastport, 

^" ■-" ; - .ii'Ä^^.i^x-:-:*--^-.-. 

>^ H- * 

Shadel-Freemaii Recital 

William Shadel, solo clarinetist of 
the N.J. Symphony Orchestra and 
member of the Montclair State Col- 
lege faculty, and Lsadore Freeman, 
concert pianist, teacher andlecturer, 
will present a musical program in 
Recital Hall at the College, Wed- 
nesday, Apr. 21 at 8:30 p.m. 

Guitarist for kxA-No.NJ 

A lecture-demonstration that will 
include works by Bach, Sor, Johan 
Franko and Villa- Lobos will be giv- 
en by Lawrence Johnson of New York 
classic guitarist and teacher, at 
a meeting of the Music Teachers 
Association of Northern New Jersey 
at the home of Edith Gemberling, Ma- 
plewood, Sunday, Apr. 4 at 3 p.m. 
Formerly of Rochester, N.Y. and 
Washington, D.C., Mr. Johnson stud- 
ied with Ida Presti and Alexander 
Lagoya of Paris and played for Se- 
goria when he was in this country. 
He has performed in Carnegie Re- 

Lawrence Johnson 

cital Hall and Town Hall this sea- 
son, his third recital being an all- 
Sor program. 

R. Strauss' "Burlesque" for piano 
and orchestra will be performed on 
two pianos by Eleanor Statmore of 
Clifton and Barbara Lounsbury of 
Montclair. Ruth Lutz is president, 
Alex Chiappinelli program chairman. 

2 Studios: Ideal for teaching, practicing, 
recitals, meetings, in Plainfield, for 
rent. Call Plainfield 6-3809. 


ü Teacher Directory 






RH 4-3196 


Concert Pianist — Teacher 

Royal College of Mutic, London 

212 Lorraine Ave., Upper Montclair, N. J. 

phonet: PI 4- 1481 (N.J.); GR 5 -5379 (N. Y.) 


Pianist! Prepared for Public Performanca 
and for Teaching Positions 
117 E. 79lh St., New York, N. Y. 


Courses for Teachers in Maier Technique 
903 Carnegie Hall, New York 19, New York 


Aiex Chiappinelli 

Certified by Interstate Music Teachers Council 

39 Randolph PI., Newark js.ex 5-1038 


"The Science and Art of Piano Technique" 
134 West 58th St ti^w York Cl 7-3779 


Instruction in Oil Pointing 
9 Ferncliff Terrace, Short Hills 

DR 9-3704 



Studio: 569 Broad Street, Newark, N. J. 
Auditions by Appointmont 


Teacher of Singing (by appointment) 
105 Foirmount Ave., Hackensack, N. J. 




Charles Nuntio, director 
401 Franklin Ave. ^utley 10, N. J. 

NO 7-2455 

Telephone: MArket 2-2778 

''Deioted to Music'* 

Established 1879 


Sheet Music -Complete Vocal Sx^ores • Distinctive Musical Gifts ■ Musical Literature 


Krainis Trio's Prograni 

Bernard Krainis 

The Krainis Baroque Trio will 
present "An Evening of Intimate 
Works of the 16th, 17th and 18th 
Centuries" under the auspices of the 
State chapter of the American Re- 
corder Society and the Jewish Com- 
munity Center of Essex County at 
the Newark YM-YWHA, Wednesday, 
Apr. 14 at 8:40 p.m. 

Bernard Krainis was co-founder 
and former re corder soloist and as- 
sociate director of the New York 
Pro Musica. 

* ♦ ;it 

Haiiiiiioiid Organ Programs 

Mario DeMatteo of North Plain- 
field, who has given organ concerts- 
abroad as well as in this country, 
will be presented in a Hammond or- 
gan program by the Altenburg Piano 
House, at the Eliyabeth Carteret Ho- 
tel, Eliyabeth, Sunday Apr. 11 at 
3 p.m. The public is welcome. 

An open house will be held by 
the Hammond Organ Studio of Pa- 
terson, Sunday Apr. 11, 1-5 p.m. 
with a parade of . area organists 
performing. . . Larry Ferrari who 
performs as the "keyboard artist" 
over a Philadelphia TV Station Sun- 

PLymoüth 9-7545 


Music Educator - Pianist - Leciurer 

Teacher Consultant 

Recitals Formal and Informal 

Individual Group Lessons 


days, will perform on the Hammond 
oi'gan at Pt. i^leasant High School 
Sunday, Apr*. 11 at 8 |).m. .The Ham- 
mond Society of Asbury ParK will 
nieet Thursday Apr. 15 at 8 p.m. 
at the Barkley Hotel, Belmar. .The 
Spi'ing Social Session was held by 
the Hammond Organ Society of Plain- 
field with 2G members and 24 guests 
all taking a tui'n at the organ at 
Green Valley Inn, Dunnellen Mar. 
24.. l'he Cortex Musical Slide Hule 
which can crc^ate every possible 
chord will be demonstrated when the 
Hammond Oi-gan Society of N.J. 
meets Tuesday, Apr. 6 at the Eli-- 
zabeth Carteret Hotel, Elizabeth. . 
Charles Vandcrhoven, prominent Or- 
ganist, will perform at the Hammond 
Organ Studio of Montclaii" Friday, 
Apr. ü at 7:45 p.m. 

Freiich Cellist at YMHA 

* * ¥ 

Prestoii, Flowers at Argus 

William Preston, who will exhibit 
Maine scenes from sea Shells to 
breaking surf in oils, watercolors 
and tempera at Argus Gallery, Madi- 
son, Apr. 9-May ß, will do so in 
the happy surroundings of a group 
Show entitled: "Flowers that Bloom 
in the Spring." Among the artists 
who will have floral works shown 
are Henry Niese, Forrest Wilson, 
Alice Page, Betsy Evans, Diane 
Mandel, Ruth Kerkovius, Sally Spof- 
ford, Jewel Ryman and Molly Marsh. 
It was arranged in Cooperation with 
the Madison Garden Club which has 
launched a campaign to beautify Ma- 
dison and will provide fresh flowers 

for the duration of the show. 

* * * 

Student's Hour of Music 

An "Hour of Music" will be pre- 
sented by Albert Stanziano, Clifton 

Guy Fallot, Cellist 

Guy Fallot, French cellist who has 
been hailed as "a new Casals," will 
perform in the final concert of the 
Chamber Music Series at the New- 
ark YM-YWHA Wednesday, Apr. 28 
at 8:40 p.m. He will perform 
sonatas by Caix d'Hervelois, Bee- 
thoven, Debussy and Kodalv. 

Pianist, at the Paterson YM-YWHA 
Sunday, Apr. 25. This Twilight Hour 
program is sponsored by the"Y" 
in order to provide young artists 
with opportunities to experience per- 
forming before a live audience. 

Albert is a senior at Clifton High 
School where he accompanies the 
Concert Choir and is a Student of 
Isadore Freeman. His program will 
include works by Bach, Mozart, 
Schubert, Brahms, Rachmaninoff, 
Poulenc. Chopin and Paganini. 


257 WEST 86th St., N. Y. C. TR 7-7573 

Assistant to the lote 
Giuseppe De Luca, ond 
the only person author- 
ized to carry on his 
teaching of the 'Art 
of Bei Conto. " 

Thk (Kolonial Homk 



W. Ni:r.s()\ K'wi'i' II. President 
Licenscd Direvior 


Telephone Oll 3-3131 

APRIL 1965 


Gertrude Haie, Nearing 

101, Dies in Florida 

Gertrude H. Haie, whoexerteda 
great influenae on organized music 
activities in the State for over a 
half Century, died in a nursing home 
in Coral Gables, Fla. Mar. 15, just 
three months short of her 101 st 
birthday. She had been in a coma 
for some time although she had ap- 
peared quite spry and alert when 
her lOOth birthday was celebrated 
last June 13, with a telegram from 
President Johnson among the greet- 
ings received at that time. She 
left Maplewood to live at the Mu- 
sicians Club of America seven years 
ago but after first breaking her hip 
and then her arm shortly before her 
lOOth birthday, she had spent much 
time in a nursing home since. 

Miss Haie was born in Winchen- 

do, Mass. during the Civil War, re- 
ceived her music education there, 
then at the New England Conserva- 
tory in Roston and later at the Chi- 
cago Music College. After a stay 
in San Francisco that was more so- 
cial than she liked, Miss Haie re- 
turned to the Boston Conservatory 
to complete her degree. She was 
on the faculty of a Kansas CoUege 
for seven years, left for a church 
Position in Ohio where she met Her- 
tha Hackman with whom she later 
came East. Together they took a 
home in South Orange to start Miss 
Hale's dynamic activities in this 

She taught privately and contm- 
ued her studies with New York City 
pedagogues. She was organist for 
many churches, directed numerous 
choirs, was a charter member of 
the Woman's Club of Maplewood and 

later developed its music department 
and Choral Society. She is the only 
person ever to be president of both 
the N.J. Federation of Music Clubs 
and the Music Educators Association 
of N .J .^ the latter for six years. 
The Federation established a scho- 
larship in her name at Douglass 
College. She also earned the Art- 
ists Degree of the American Guild 
of Organists. ^ ^ ^ 

Mary B. Bii^hird al Siiiiiinil YWCA 

Paintings by Mary Bayne Bugbird 
of Summit will be shown at the Sum- 
mit YWCA, Apr. 5-23. 

New Jersey Music and Arts 
P.O. Box 97 

Caldweir, N. J. 07006 

Home Plione: CA 6-6530 

A Guide for Part iils and Students to Qiialified Iiistriutors 


Teachers listed helow are amonji those in New Jersey who have Ix-en rertified In the Iiiter 
State Music Tearhers Association, wliich fnnctions solcly in the public interest to establish 
high Standards of trainin^ and ex|)priencc for music teachers and provide recogni tion for 
those who (pialify. Information may he obtained by writin<i to Joseph Prendergast, 

10 Morris Street, Merchantville 


Ella Mason Ahearn, 861 Hillside Ave., Mountainside AD 2-22.13 

Phyllis L. Barmak, lül Glenwood Rd., Cranford 276-7029 

Eleanor H. Behringer, 60 Hillcrest Rd., West Caldwell CA 6-4449 

Charlotte Beissert, 2 Columbia Ave., Nework 372-1388 

Tryggvi Bjornson, 96 Telford St., East Orange .............OR 5-2548 

Sylvia L. Brainen, 268 Northfield Ave., West Orange RE 1-1306 

Mildred R. Burr, 7 Longacre Dr., Livingston WY 2-0890 

Alexander Chiappinelli, 39 Randolph PI., Newark ............ES 5-1038 

Ruth Scott Clark, 1 Spruce Ter., Wayne 696-1036 

Mrs. Gus Cohen, 425 Orchard St., Cranford !...!..!..!!bR 6-2115 

Mrs. Hattie L. Coppock, 229 Broadway, Newark HU 3-6809 

Elizabeth DeDeaux, 12 Ridgewood Ave., Newark TA 4-1804 

Nellie A. Douglas, 12 Wilrue Parkway, Pompton Plains ..........TE 5-5624 

Katherine Van K. Everett, 312 No. Arlington Ave., East Orange OR 4-1488 

Annette G. Frank, 65 West 32nd St., Bayonne HE 6-7087 

Isadore Freeman, 13-08 Bellair Ave., Fair Lawn SW 6-5280 

Florence G. Friedman, 9 Ardmore Rd., West Orange RE 1-9404 

Helen M. Gillease, 600 Pavonia Ave., Jersey City 6 OL 6-1657 

Wonda B. Gilmore, 107 Glenwood Ave., Cranford BR 6-3390 

Mrs. Mollie Ginsburg, 252 Lincoln Ave., Highland Park Kl 5-8998 

Miss Dohra Guss, 105 Norman Rd., Newark 6 ES 4-6921 

Mary Grace Hannahs, 164 So. Harrison St., East Orange OR 2-7416 

Mrs. Emily A. Hart, 33 Grand Ter, Livingston WY 2-6179 

Hazel Hoernig, 2795 Spruce St., Union MU 6-6387 

Alma M. Holm, 33 Osborne St., Bloomfield p| 8-3379 

Sophronia D. Joralemon, 181 So. Clinton St., East Orange OR 5-9306 

Mrs. Ruth Kelly, 70 Park Ave., Bloomfield P| 3-2371 

Helene A. Koch, 67 Linden Ave., Arlington WY 8-0420 

Helen M. Lang, 381 William St., East Orange OR 5-7118 

Jules Liss, 39 Swan Rd., Livingston WY 2-6232 

Angela R. Little, 26 Midland Ave., Glen Ridge P\ 3-4788 

B. Florence loefFler, 65 Poe Ave., Newark 6 372-9057 

Mary Alyea Losey, Box 45, Main St., Ogdensburg VA 7-7217 

Samuel Joseph Marantz, 181 Goodwin Ave,, Newark 12 WA 3-7094 

Edna M. Maull, 911 So. 16th St., Newark ES 3-4420 

Margery McHale, 86 Beechwood Rd., Summit 273-0381 

F. Winifred Morris, 4 Barberry Way, Essex Fells 226-0181 

Mrs. Evia Morrison, 290 Grove St., Montclair ...746-4228 

Catharine Murray, 153 Jefferson Ave., Cresskill LO 6-6699 

Helen B. Nofsinger, Apt. 305,130 Prospect St., East Orange 676-2092 

Eleanor Bacon-Peck, 87 Preston St., Belleville PL 9-7545 

Milton Peckarsky, 67 Parker Ave., Maplewood SO 3-2040 

Irma M. Petit, 60 Morris Ave., Summit CR 3-8294 

Catherine C. Place, 14 Prospect St., Box 644, Westfield 233-7025 

Eleanor D. Ploran, 60 Coolidge St., Irvington 11 ES 2-5059 

Mrs. Stella Pola, 106 Van Orden Ave., Leonia 944-6269 

Elwood R. Priesing, 42 LIewellyn Rd., Montclair PI 4-3053 


Dr. E. G. Rainey, 29 Lafayette PL, Arlington WY 1-3468 

Mrs. Edna Reagan, 24 Springfield Ave., Cranford 276-6547 

LillianS. Rosenthal, 70 Ealdwin Ave., Newark 8 Bl 2-7968 

Josephine M. Rossi, 416 Belleville Ave., Belleville PL 9-7661 

Charlotte M. Rubinow, 350 Parker St., Newark 4 HU 3-6706 

Sylvia Samuels, 1111 Park Ave., Plainfield PL 6-0495 

Josephine Scarano, 16 Linden Ave., Verona 239-7875 

Lillian E. Seymour, 396 Heywood Ave., Orange OR 4-0972 

Marion Siegel, 196 Dickerson St., Newark 7 HU 4-2182 

Marie SIekaitis, 107 Laurel Ave., Arlington WY 

Dorothy Slifer, 670 Summit Ave., Westfield AD 

Madeleine Spence, 23 Lincoln Ave., Rutherford GE 

Lillian A. Spitzer, 250 Ellis Ave., Irvington 371-2624 

Eric Steiner, 8 Linden Court, West Orange RE 1-4921 

Phyllis Creasey Straight, 315 So. Harrison St., East Orange OR 3-7365 

Anna W. Stites, 302 Madison Ave., Dunellen 968-2075 

Mrs. Olive G. Tomlinson, 49 Oak St., Harrington Park PO 8-0415 

Virginia L. Trembley, 70 Russell Ave., Rahway FU 8-7929 

Mildred E. Wagner, 23 Country Club La., Springfield ............DR 6-3425 

Vera Anita Warnecke, 138 Montclair Ave., Montclair PI 6-5942 

Mrs. Mathilde Weaver, 93 Buckingham Rd., Up. Montclair PI 6-7362 

Adell Williams, 20 Lane Court, Upper Montclair PI 4-0842 


Mary Alyea Losey, Box 45, AAain St., Ogdensburg VA 7-7217 

Phyllis Creasey Straight, 315 So. Harrison St., East Orange OR 3-7365 


Howard V. Aaron, 67 Delawan Ave., Newark 484-7288 

C. Scripps Beebee, 384 No. WahufSt., East Orange OR 5-7399 

Miss Anne C. Benedict, 126 Clinton Ave., Newark 2 Bl 3-6702 

Bruce Campbell, 569 Broad St., Newark MI 2-1459, EL 2-3961 

Elvira Del Monte, 17 S. Kingman«Rd., South Orange SO 2-8604 

Katherine R. Eastment, 691 Franklin Ave., Nutley 10 NO 7-6629 

Helen M. Gillease, 600 Pavonia Ave., Jersey City 6 „ OL 6-1657 

lona Harms, F-NATS, 73 Dana PI., Englewood LO 9-0212 

Hortense Y. Harrington, F-NATS, 35 County Rd., Derparest 768-1426 

Dr. E. G. Rainey, 29 Ldfayette PI., Arlington WY 1-3468 

Josephine M. Rossi, 416 Belleville Ave., Belleville PL 9-7661 


Samuel Applebaum, 23 North Tpr., Maplewood 762-2865 

Hqzel Burleigh, 212 Sagamore Rd., Millburn DR 6-1992 

Macy Gordon, 455 Passaic Ave., Passaic 779-1754 

Samuel Joseph Marantz^ 181 Goodwin Ave., Newark 12 WA 3-7094 

Miss Hilda Menke, 241 So. Arlington Ave.,' East Orange 673-7519 


Nellie A. Douglas, 12 Wilrue Parkway, Pompton Plains TE 5-5624 


David D. Harris, 24 N. Hillside Ave., Succasunna 584-4767 

(This adverlisement paid for by the teachers listed) 

When we built our home, 
my husband insisted 
on Electric Heat 
And he was right! 

I really don't know how my family ever got 

along without the convenience of having a 

separate thermostat in every room. Now 

we turn off the heat in any room not being 

used and keep the rest of our 

home nice and cozy. And, like most 

older people, my mother pre- 

'^ f erred it much warmer than 



the rest of the family 
whenever she slept here. But 
being able to adjust the 
temperature in every room 
made everybody happy. Fve 
f ound that Electric Heat is so clean 
cuts down quite a bit on my house- 
work, too. Cost? There's a special low rate f or 
Electric Heat. Why don't you find out for your- 
self ? Get in touch with Pubhc Service. / / 

PUBLIC SERVICE ELECTRIC AND GAS COMPANY taxpay/ng ^tR^^Hl of a great state 

For more Information on e/ectr/c heat, without any Obliga- 
tion to you, sinnply call your nearest Public Service Office. 


1 W^lll Sculptur« studio 
8R6 Alpine Drive,^. >n 


today. . . and f or many, many 


MuBon Sc Hamlin 

An investinenl in a Mason & Hanilin pays 
uncndinor dividends of pleasure . . . to every 
inendjer of the faniily. Here is the finest 
piano nioney can ])uy . . . unoquaird in tone, 
rosonance, n^sponse. Only Mason & Hamlin 
has the fanious duplex scalo for süperb clarity 
in the Upper re<»isler . . . the exehisive tension 



Et». 1847 


resonator to preserve the crown of the sound- 
in«: board under anv ehmatie conditions . . . 
and countless other features that make Mason 
& Hamlin stand apart in the world of fine 
pianos. Visit Altenhur^ Piano Honse today 
and see our hujie selection. You'll see the 
exeellence of Mason & Hanilin at first sight 
and sound. 

1150 E. Jersey Street 
Elizabeth • FL 1-2000 







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pismousE Mm 





APRIL 20-MAY 23 


theN. Y.Drama Cr jticsCircle 
Award-winning musical 


.M^ V, 


^Ä^ Award-winnmg musicai ^ 


"A great, great musical! " N. Y. JOURNAL-AMERICAN 



the musical that won 6 Tony Awards 



"A riotous and rowdy hit!" N. Y. DAILY MIRROR 



her Broadway musical smash 
"The best musical show of the season!" U.P.I. 


Subscriptions available during first 
week of each play. Also, Tues., Wed. 
Mat., and Sat. 6 P.M. of 2nd week. 

I wish to buy a subscription as 

number of tickets for (drcle one) 

FRi., SAT. 6 P.M., SUN. 8 P.M. 

PREFERRED LOCATION-Choice of best seats 
before they are placed on sale at the box Office. 

PERMANENCY-You will have the same seats 
for each of the plays you select. 
CONVENIENCE-Your tickets will be malied 
well In advance -no need to stop at box Office. 






THURS. AT 1:30 

SAT. AT 6:00. 

SUN. AT im 













[J New Subscriber 
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□ Renewal 


Enclosed Is my check for$ and a stamped seif- 

addressed envelope. (Make checks payable to Paper Mlll Playhouse.) 






27 Princeton Chamber Orch., West- 
minster Choir Col., Princeton 

27 Ißor Kipnis, Kirkpatrick Cha- 
pel, Rutgers, New Bruns. 

28 N.J. Symph. Orch., Millburn 
H.S., 8:30 

28 Fallot, Cellist, Chamber Series, 
YMHA, Newark, 8:40 
30 Lardeo, Violinist, Unity Concert, 
Montclair H.S., 8:30 
30 Glee Club, Gym, Rutgers, New 

30 N.J. Symph. Orch., Rumson- 
Fair Haven Reg. H.S., 8:30 
May 1 N. J. Symph. Orch., Mont- 
clair H.S., 8:30 

May 1 Spring Concert, Garden St. 
Choral Soc, Methodist Church, Me- 
tuchen, 8:30 

May 2 Mildred Blessing, soprano, 
Woman's Club, Bloomfield, 4 
May 3 Montclair Chorale, Woman's 
Club, Up. Montclair, 8:30 

Music Organizations 

4 Music Teachers Assn. of No. 
N.J., home of Edith Gemberling, Ma- 
plewood, 3 

8 Music Education Council N.J., 
St. Thomas Episcopal Church, New- 
ark, 9 a.m. 

24 Dinner Meeting, Music Educa- 
tors Assn., Robert Treat Hotel, New- 
ark. 6 


Regional Associations 


Meeting, Schulz & Behrle, East Or- 
ange, 2 

TER: 4-May 16, 9th Annual Na- 
tional Prints, Exhibition, Clinton 
CIETY OF N.J.: 5-30, 24th An- 
nual National Exhibition, Public 
brary, Jersey City. 

Community Organizations 

RAY HEAD: Cultural Center, 
May 8, Ralph Fabri. 

fContinued on Page 10) 






— Non-Competitive — 

The Guild's outlined program for 
private auditions meets every need: 

• the pupil who cannot memorize 

• the slow pupil 

• the average pupil 

• the talented 

• the genius 

• the artist 

All can win awards. 

All successfui audition entrants 
become members of the National 
Fraternity of Student Musicians 
and Piano Hobbyists of the World. 

Get into the outline and advantages 
offered by NGPT! 



Seton Hall University, 7, 13, 28, 
Special Programs; all month, art 
exhibition, Student Center 


3 Wyckoff Male Chorus, Eastern 
Christian H.S., Haiedon, 8 

4 "Baroque Evening, "Chamber Mu- 
sic Guild, YWCA, Summit, 4 and 8 

4 Nutley Syniphony Orch., High 
School, 3 

6 "Naughty Marietta," Civic Chor- 
us, Bloomfield H.S. 

6 Prague Chamber Orch., Harms 
Concert, Morrow H.S., Englewood. 

7 Symphonie Band, Mem. Aud., 
State College, Montclair, 8:30 

8 San Francisco Ballet, MAF 
Concert, Carlton Theater, Red Bank. 

10 Spring Concert, Oratorio Soc. 
N.J., High School, Montclair, 8:30 

11 "Aida," Seton Hall Univ. Opera, 
Mosque, Newark, 6 
11 Brenda Miller Cooper, soprano, 
Mem. Aud., State College, Mont., 8:30 
11 Choirs and Orch., Voorhees 
Chapel, Douglass Col., New Bruns- 

11 Summers, Baritone, YMHA, New- 
ark, 8 

13 Hague Philharmonie, Unity Con., 
Montclair H.S., 8:30 

13 Goldsand, pianist, Gothic Aud., 
State College, Jersey City, 8:30 

14 Peerce-Peters, Gerstman-Septee 
concert, Mosque, Newark, 8:30 
14 Hague Philharmonie, Gym, Rut- 
gers Univ., New Brunswick 
14 Krainis Baroque Trio, YMHA, 
Newark, 8:40 

20 Munich Bach Chorus, Gym, Rut- 
gers Univ., New Brunswick 

21 Pops Concert, No. N.J. Phil- 
harmonie, Manchester Reg. H.S., 
Haiedon, 8:15 

21 Duo -Concert, Rec. Hall, State 
College, Montclair, 8:30 
21 N. Y, String Quartet, Voorhees 
Chapel, Douglass Col., New Bruns. 
24 Spring Festival, Maplewood Glee 
Club, Columbia H.S. , Maplewood, 8:30 
24 Richter, pianist, Gerstman-Sep- 
tee concert, Mosque, Newark, 8:30 
24 N.J .Symph. Orch., Livmgston 
High School, 8:30 

24 Pops Concert, No. N.J. Phil- 
harmonie, Sr. H.S., Fair Lawn, 8:15 

24 N.Y. Percussion Trio, Crea- 
tive Arts Group, West Orange 

25 Stanziano, pianist, YMHA, Pa- 

26 Plainfield Symph. Orch., Plain- 
field H.S., 8:30 

27 Trio, MAF Chamber Music 
Soc, Presbyterian Ch., Rumson. 
NEW JERSEY MUSIC AND ARTS is published by Music and Arts Publishing Co., Inc., Post Office Box 97, Coldwell, N. J., 07006, monthly from September through June 
Entered os second class matter Jan. 26, 1958 at the Post Office ot Coldwell, N. J., 07006, under the Act. of Mar. 3, 1879. PAGE ONE 



Box 1113 Austin, Texas 78766 


Sunday, April 4, 2 p.m. 

Yiddish Film Series 
Maurice Schwortz— "Tevyo" 

Members: $.75; Non-members $1.00 

Sunday, April 4, 7:30 p.m. 

Festival of Stars in Films thot Matter 
Greta Garbo in "Queen Christina" 

Members: $1 .00; Non-members $1 .50 

Wednesday, April 7, 8:15 p.m. 

Book Review and Discussions 

"The Moveable Feast/' Ernest Hemingway 

Dr. Arthur Waldhorn, Prof. of English 

City College of New York 
Chairman: Miss Harriet Spottiswoode, 

Librarian, Weequahic Bronch Library 

Non-members: $.50 

Sunday, April 11, 8 p.m. 

Song Recital 

Norman Summers, baritone 
Admission: $2.00 

Wednesday, April 14, 8:40 p.m. 

The Krainis Baroque Trio 

"An Evening of Intimate Works of the 16th, 

17th and ISth Centuries." 
All-Handel program 

Admission: $3.00 

Wednesday, April 28, 8:40 p.m. 

Chamber Music Series 
Guy Fallot, cellist, from France 
Artist reception öfter concert 
Admission: $3.00 

Sat., Sun., May 6, 7 at 8 p.m. 

"Y" Center Players 
"Enter Laughing" 
Members: $2.00; Non-Members $2.50 

Sat., Sun., May 13, 14 at 8 p.m. 

"Y" Center Players 
"Enter Laughing" 
Members: $2.00; Non-Members $2.50 

Saturday, May 22, opening 

Israeli Exhiblt and Fair 

500 Works of Art and 

Other Israeli Crofts and Objects of Art 

Continuing to May 27 


255 Chancellor Ave., Newark 
WA 6-6110 







Friday Evening, May 14 at 8:00 P.M. 
Grand Ballroom — Essex House — Newark 

Hon. & Mrs. Robert B. Meyner, Honorary Chairmen 
Mr. Frederick H. Groel, Chairman — 
Mrs. James S. McAlister, Co-Chairman 

Tickets: $50 per Couple Patrons: $100 per Couple 


Presented by the Millburn Area Women's Committee 
Thursday, May 20, 1965 in the Morristown Area 

The Seth Thomas Stahle, early American home of Mr. and Mrs. John P. 
West, Tyvan Hill Farm. Norman country cliateau of Mr. and Mrs. Donald 
C. McGraw, Jr., Dearfields, Georgian house and herb gardens of Mr. and 
Mrs. William Y. Dear, Jr.. Homewood, continental style weckend retreat 
of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond C. Doop, Rolling Acres Farnu colonial hilUop 
farmhonse of Mrs. Roy E. Tucker, Contemporary House, set in an old 
walled garden, of Mr. and Mrs. Donald B. Kip. 

Flower arrangements by Ruth Emerson Kistner 

Tickets $5 — Ticket Chairman: Mrs. Lowell Broomall — SO 2-1865 

369 Wyoming Avenue, Millburn 


Presented by the Livingston Area Women's Committee 
Saturday, May 22, 1965 at 8:30 P.M. 

at the home of Dr. and Mrs. Arthur Bernstein in Short Hills 

Menotti's "The Telephone" 
Evelyn Mitschele, soprano William Diehl, baritone 

Vladimir Havsky, pianist 

Refreshments will be served 

Tickets $15 per couple ($7.50 single) 

Ticket Chairman: Mrs. Alan H. Brookman — WY 2-3383 

8 Langtree Drive, Livingston 

1020 Broad St., Newark 

Mosque Tlieatre 
Tel.: 624-8203 

Space Donated by LAUTER PIANO CO, 

NJSO Concert for 3,300 
Pupils; Move to Mosque 

A concert for more than .'3,300 
Newark school ihildren, tlic First of 
such magnitude l'or the Newark 
schüüls inmusii' education, will l)e 
presented by the New Jersey Sym- 
phony, at the Mosque Theater, New- 
ark, Tuesday, Apr. 6, alniost simul- 
taneous with the moving of the Sym- 
phony's ot'fice to Symphony Hall, the 
naine under which the Mosque is be- 
ing converted into a cultural center. 

Fifth throughEighth Graders from 
46 elementary schools, pupils who 
have shown a particulai* interest in 
music suc:h as participation in s( hool 
orc hestras, bands and choruses, will 
be transported to the Mosque in bus- 
es. Conductor KennethSchermerhorn 
will talk to the youngsters on one 
musical form - a theme and varia- 
tions. The event is being co-spon- 
sored by the Symphony, Newark Board 
of Education, Newark Local 16, AFM 
and the Mosque Theater. 

üther events in the Symphony' s im- 
mediate future are performing on the 
inaugural program of the new tele- 
vision Channel 47, UHF, which also 
has fa( ilities at the Mosque, on Apr. 
2 5, and the its Annual Ball in the 
Elizabethan Hoom of the Essex House, 
Newark, May 14. 

Jerome Hines of South Orange, out - 
Standing basso of the Metropolitan 
Opera, will receive the annual arts 
award. Previous winners were So- 
prano Dorothy Kirsten of the Metro- 
politan Opera, who grew up" in Mont- 
clair and Livingston and Huth St. Den- 
is, famed dancer born in Newark. 

The theme will be "Die Fledermaus 
Ball" with the second act of the Jo- 
hann Strauss operetta staged in füll 
by Richard Edelman, artistic direc- 
tor of the North Shore Opera Co. 
of Long Island. Strauss waltzes will 
be played for an anticipated 600 guests 
by the Symphony itself, conducted by 
Schermerhorn andthe orchestra of 
Milt Davidson of West Orange will 
accompany dancing through the rest 
of the evening. 

Honorary chairmenof the ball are 
former Gov. and Mrs. Robert B. 
Meyner. Co-chairmen are Frederick 
H. Groel of Short Hills, retired ex- 
ecutive vice-president of the Pruden- 
tial Insurance Co. and Mrs. James 
S. McAlister of Maplewood. Mrs. 
Eugene V. Parsonnet of Millburn is 
chairman of the arts award com- 

Aiiöther "first" among the many 
that the Symphony seems to be es- 
(Continued on Page 15) 

APRIL 1965 

Leonard Rose 

Concerts of Masterwork 
Mark lOth Anniversary 

Two gala Performances incelebra- 
tion of the tenth anniversary of the 
Masterwork Music and Art Founda- 
tion will be given next month, at 
Morristown High School, Saturday, 
May 15 and at Carnegie Hall, New 
York, Friday, May 21. The pro- 
gram for the former will consist 
of Bach's "Magnificat," Vivaldi's 
"Gloria" and a capella works by mo- 
dern Israel composers recently pre- 
sented by the Masterwork in Phil- 
harmonie Hall. 

For the New York concert, the 
Chorus will perform the same two 
Bach and Vivaldi works, accompan- 
ied by the Masterwork Orchestra, 
and the orchestra will perform 
'Bach's "Suite No. 4" and Handel' s 
"Concerto Grosso", "Op. 6, No. 5. 
David Randolph, the foundation's mu- 
sic director, will conduct both pro- 

The Masterwork Chorus will be 
heard twice before those concerts. 
It will present a program at a din- 
ner to raise funds for the educa- 
tional work of the United Nations 
in New Jersey at the Military Park 
Hotel, Newark, Thursday, Apr. 1, 
using much of the same program as 
on May 15 with Lillian Mernik, 
contralto, as soloist. Then on May 
8, the Chorus will be presented in 
Springfield under the sponsorship of 

the local Rotary Club. 

jf * * 
Robert Goldsand of New York, pro- 
minent concert Pianist, will perform 
in the Prestige Concert Series in the 
Gothic Auditorium of the Jersey City 
State College Tuesday, Apr. 13. 

Leonard Rose Performing 
With Plainfield Symphony 

An appropriate climax is being 
provided for the 45th season of the 
Plainfield Symphony Orchestra with 
the appearance for the first time 
of the eminent Violoncellist, Leonard 
Rose, as guest artist for the con- 
cert at Plainfield High School, Mon- 
day, Apr. 26 at 8:30 p m. Music 
Director Samuel Carmel will con- 

Mr. Rose will join the orches- 
tra for the Dvorak "Concerto in B 
Minor for Violoncello and Orches- 
tra" which follows the opening num- 
ber, Brahms "Tragic Overture." The 
second half of the program will of- 
fer Prokofieff's "Romeo and Juliet," 
suite No. 2 and Tschaikowsky's "Ro- 
meo and Juliet," overture -fantasy. 

As leading cellist of the NBC Sym- 
phony and the New York Philharmon- 
ie, Leonard Rose received invaluable 
experience as a foundation for the 
solo career he initiated in 1951. 
In recent years he has appeared both 
in recital and as soloist in Israel, 
Mexico City, London and the White 
House, to mention a few of the pia- 
ces in which he has played. He 
ranks among the three or four great 
cellists of the day. 

* ♦ ♦ 

John Sloan, Stage Designs 
Montclair Museum Exhibits 

A major retrospective exhibition 
of 37 paintings, 31 drawings and 
36 etchings covering the^entire ca- 
reer of the noted American artist, 
John Sloan, will be shown at the 
Montclair Art Museum, Apr. 18 -May 
16, being currently on tour of the 
country's major museums under the 
auspices of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution. "Eugene Berman - Stage 
Designs," an exhibit of 42 brilliant 
watercolors of costumes and set de- 
signs will be on view Apr. 4-25. 

In more than 50 years as an art- 
ist, John Sloan (1871-1951) estab- 
lished himself as a rebel and an 
independent. He was among the 

first painters to break away from 
the polite academic art in vogue 
in America, at the turn of the Cen- 
tury. Starting his career as a news- 
paper Illustrator in Philadelphia he, 
the fiery Robert Henri, and others 
began to paint city life as they saw 
it. They were dubbed "The Eight" 
after they held an independent exhi- 

The Berman watercolors were 

first shown at the Knoedler Gallery 
at the opening of his new produc- 
tion of "Otello" at the Metropolitan 


Michael Tree Aiithority 
Oll Chamber Music Style 

Michael Tree, prominent Violinist 
who will be soloist with the New Jer- 
sey Symphony üi'chestra fortheir 
final series of suburban concerts 
Apr. 24, 28 and May 1, is a na- 
tive Newarker who was acqnaintf^ri 
with most of the celebrated strin^s 
player of the concert world fron^ 
his boyhood days on because of their 
Visits with his father, Samuel Ap- 
plebaum, Violinist, teacher and lec- 
turer who now lives in Maplewood. 

Mr. Tree has fashioned an unusu- 
al career for himself in recentyears. 
His activities include his numerous 
appearances in solo concerts, as vio- 
lin soloist with orchestras, as vio- 
li-nist of the Marlboro Trio and as 
violist with the Guarneri StringQuar- 
tet. The trio and Quartet are out- 
growths of the Annual Summer Fes- 
tival at Marlboro, Vt., dedicated 
solely to Chamber nriusic. Rudolf 
Serkin and Pablo Casals organized 
these two Chamber groups to carry 
on to all parts of the world and 
throughout the year, the Chamber mu- 
sic philosophy of the Marlboro Fes- 

This creates a well-rounded musi- 
cal life for Mr. Tree who, since 
childhood has performed Chamber 

possible musical and technical Stan- 
dards - the Standards one would ex- 
pect from a Milstein or a Heifetz. 

♦ * ¥ 

Michael Tree 

music with many of the world' s 
great artists when they visited at his 
home. His profound knowledge of 
Chamber music has had a rieh ef- 
fect upon his solo Performances. Said 
the New York Times: "He is an art- 
ist who has arrived. What with so- 
lid musicianship, perfect Intonation 
and a fine technique there is little 
that he cannot do." The Herald- 
Tribune stated: "He has the highest 

SAMUEL CARMEL, Conducting • . . presents 

Third Concert of the 45th Season with 

LEONARD ROSE, Violoncellist 

as guest artist 
BRAHMS - Tragic Overtiire 
DVORAK - Concerto in B Minor for Violoncello 

and Orehestra 

Leonard Rose, Violoncellist 
PROKOFIEFF - Romeo and Jnliet, Suite No. 2 
TSCHAIKOWSKY - Romeo and Juliet, Overture-Fantasy 

LEONARD ROSE. Violoncellist 

As leading ceUist of the NBC Symphony and the New York Philharmonie, 
Leonard Rose received an unmatched amount of experience upon which to bank 
when he emborked on his solo career in 1951. In recent yeors he has appeored 
both in recital and as soloist in Israel, Mexico City, London and the White 
House, to mention but a few of the places he has played. He ranks among the 
three or four great cellists of the day and we are proud to have him appear for 
the first time with our orehestra. 

MONDAY, APRIL 26, 1965, al 8:30 P.M. 

NJFMCs Climactic Events 

A succession of iiiteresting events 
is carrying the N.J. Federation of 
Music Ciubs towards the season cli- 
max, the biennial Convention, that 
will be held at Montclair State Col- 
lege, Saturday, May 22. The tenta- 
tive plans for that occasion, which 
also marks the climax of the two 
terms that Elwood Priesing of Mont- 
clair has served as president, in- 
cludes a nationally-prominent Speak- 
er at an Honors Banquet which will 
be foUowed by a concert. A board 
meeting, and Youth Program when 
State auditions winners and various 
aspects of Federation activities will 
be presented, will be held in the 

The annual Choir Festival with 
W. Richard Weagly, choir director 
of Manhattan' s famed Riverside 
Church, will be held at the First 
Presbyterian Church of Orange, Sun- 
day, May 16. W. Eimer Lancaster, 
minister of music at the church and 
festival chairman, and Mr. Weagley 
have developed a program • in the 
form of "A Festival Service based 
upon the 150th Psalm" and have 
drawn up a list of the works to be 


The busiest division of the Fed- 
eration, the Dance Department with 
Jane Benedict of Plainfield as chair- 
man, has three events Coming up 
as told on the Dance Page. 

A party of Federation members, 

headed by President Preising will 

attend the biennial Convention of the 

National Federation of Music Clubs 

(Continued on Page 15) 

Nixon Bkknell conducfs 


Monday, May 3rd, 8:30 p.m. 

Upper Montclair Woman's Club 
Cooper Ave., near Valley Rd. 

J. S. Bach -Canf ata No. 196 
J. Ludwig Bach — Canf ata 

"The Lonl Sliall Bf Our Stren^th 
Franz Schubert — "Mass in C 



Sofoisfs, string ensemble 
Claude Chiasson, harpsichordist 

Tickets: $2.00 
Call 744-6678 or 334-0133 




Honoring David Randolph 
At MEA's Annual Dinner 

David Randolph, who has helped 
produce one of the musieal phuno- 
menas of this State, the 200-voi(e 
Masterwork Chorus, will be guest of 
honor and principal Speaker at the 
Annual Dinner Meeting of the Music 
Edueators Association of N.J. at the 
Hotel Robert l^reat, Newark, Sunday, 
April 25, with a social hour at 6 
and dinner at 7. He will talk on 
"How Do We 'Experienre' Music?" 

Respec ted in this State as conductor 
of the Masterwork Chorus and Or- 
chestra as well as the musi( dire> - 
tor of The Masterwork Foundation, 
he has gained national prominence 
as a commentator, author, and lec- 
turer on musical topics. Two of 
those most responsible for the 
strength and spirit of the big cul- 
tural Organization will also be at the 
he ad table: Mrs. Robert C. May of 
Whippany, the Foundation Chairman 
and Manager who has been a sourre 
of Inspiration since the Chorus' birth, 
speaking briefly on the Foundation 
and Mrs. .John Lewis of Ironia, Pub- 
lic- Relations Director and indefatig- 
able worker from the earliest days 

also. She will introduce her col- 

Providing the musical program for 
the occasion will be Grace Gimbel, 
Glen Ridge concert pianist, who will 
perform music by Brahms, Liszt and 
Chopin, and Lillian Mernick, New 
York City contralto, who will sing 
arias from the great oratorios of Han- 

APRIL 1965 

Rankin and Jacob Roden. 

dcl and Bach. She will be accom- 
[)anied by Catherine Carver Burton, 
Irvington concert pianist. Eleanor 
Bacon-Peck of Belleville, aMEApast 
President, will give the invocation. 
Mr. Randol[)h's award-winning ra- 
dio program, "Music for the Connois- 
seur" is heard Sundays at 5p.m.over 
Station WNYC. Currently, he is giv- 
ing a series of lectures for the lay- 
man at New York University andpre- 
Philharmonic lectures at Philharmo- 
nie Hall. He has had a television 
program, "David Randolph' s Music 

Room" and a series c;alled"Young Au- 
diences", formerly afeature of WCBS- 
rv. His new book, "This Is Music" 
was recently published by McGraw- 
Hill, receiving unanimous critical ac- 

Miss Gimbel has concertized suc- 
cessfully in New York and Europa 
and has been soloist with the Na- 
tional Orchestra in New York and the 
Austrian Festival Orchestra. She 
studied with her mother, Bertha Gim- 
bel, Hans Barth, Carl Friedberg, Ed- 
uard Steuermann and Isabella Vanger- 
ova. About Miss Mernik, a music 
critic, wrote recently: "She takes 
her place among the first line of con- 
traltos, and there aren't many of 
them; she has all the qualities in 
abundance." She has had a remark- 
able career of Performances and a- 

Donald Gage of Upper Montclair, 
President, will be toastmaster. Eli- 
zabeth Weiss of Irvingtonis the dinner 
chairman, assisted by Mildred R. 
(Continued on Page 15) 

New Met Star Appearing 
In Selon Hall's "Aida" 

Jacob Roden, the current Sensa- 
tion of theopera World, will have 
the role of Radames in the Seton 
Hall University production of "Aida," 
by far the most ambitious produc- 
tion ever presented by the South Or- 
ange Institution. This sixth annual 
opera benefit for the scholarship 
endowment fund will be given at the 
Mosque Theatre, Newark, Sunday, 
Apr. 11 at 6 p.m. 

Mary Curtis-Verna will have title 
role in a cast drawn exclusively 
from the Metropolitan roster. Others 
are Bonaldo Giaiotti as Ramfis, Neil 
Rankin as Amneris, Cesare Bardelli 
as Amonasro, Louis Sgarro as the 
King of Egypt, and Arthur Graham 
as a messenger. 

Further emphasizing the spectac- 
ular nature of the production is the 
signing of the famous Thomas Can- 
non Master Ballet Company of the 
Chicago and Philadelphia grand op- 
era companies headed by Prima Bal- 
lerina Marilyn Hagist and the need 
for a Chorus of over 140, some of 
whom will be drawn from the ranks 
of the university's Experimental Op- 
era Theater but with the majority 
being Professionals from New York 
and a larger-than-usual orchestra. 

The keystone of the production as 
usual will be Giuseppe Bamboschek 
as conductor, a veteran of Metro- 
politan operas and Anthony Stivanel- 
li, also from the same background, 
will be stage director. 

Jacob Roden was the leading tenor 
of the Tel Aviv Opera in Israeli 
for five years. He came to this 
country on the promise of a Metro- 
politan Opera contract and almost 
after his arrival, he attended a Phil- 
adelphia Opera production. When the 
lead tenor's voice encountered diffi- 
culties early in the opera. Roden 
stepped into the role without a mo- 
ment's preparation and handled it 


New York Tonn Hall Recitalist 


Complete tralning 

for advanced stu- 

dents and beginners 

Hy appoiniment 

25 Ridgewood Parkway West 
Denville, N. J. OAkwood 7-5434 


Spring Season of Musicals 
Is Coming to Paper Mi 11 

Frank Carrington, founder-produ- 
cer of Millburn's fained Paper Mill 
Playhouse, has aniiouiiced bis Spring 
Musical Season, 13 solid weeks of 
musical entertaii:iment . 

"The Most Happy Fella," the Frank 
Loesser musical which was voted 
"Best Musical of the Season" by the 
New York Drama Critics, and had 
an incredible Broadway run of 80 
weeks, comes Apr. 20-May 23. 

Then the winner of six Broadway 
Tony Awards, "A Funny Thing Ilap- 
pened on the Way to the Forum", 
will come crashing intotownfor 
four weeks, May 25 thru June 20. 

Finally, "High Spirits", taken from 
the Noel Coward comedy "Blithe Spi- 
rit," opens for* foui' weeks, June 22 
thru July 11. 

* • * 

Sings in Town Hall 

Resuming her concert career, Jac- 
queline Maltin, well-known Teaneck 
soprano will make her Town Hall 
debu^ recital, Sunday, At)r. 11, at 
2:30 p.m. Until niarriage confined 
much of her activities to Teaneck, 
she had appeared on radio and te- 
levision, on Bi-oadway in "Carousel," 
at the Paper Mill Playhouse in "Bit- 
tersweet," and throughout the coun- 
try in hotel salons. 

In her own coinmunity, she has 
been the featured soloist in the choir 

Carnegie Hall • FRI., MAY 21, 8:30 P.M. 




BACH: ''Magnificat/^ Suite No. 4; HANDEL: '^Concerto 
Grosso'' Op. 6 No. 5; VIVALDI: ''Gloria'' 

Donna Jeffrey, soprano; Ljllian Mernik, contrallo; Henry Nason. tenof ; George 
Stephens, bass-barilone; Joan E. Mellzer, organ; Robert Conant, liarpöichord. 

Tickets: $6.00, $5.50, $5.00, $4.00, $3.50, at Box Office 

Write Masterwork P^nindation, 11 South St., Morristown, N.J. 

or call: New York, OR 5-0205; New Jersey, JE 8-1860 

**The Performance added a high point to a season that has been particuhirly 

hlessed with fine choral singing:* --New York Times 

Jacqueline Maltin 

of the Jewish Community Center and 
hax appeared at many civic and pa- 
triotic functions. Two years ago, 
she returned to the stage and re- 
ceived an award from the Fairleigh 
Dickinson University Players as the 
season' s best supporting actress for 
her role as Madame Dubonnet in 
"The Boy Friend." Resuming her 
classical studies with lona Harms 
of Englewood, she appeared in a 
Teaneck concert last year. 

Miss Maltin made her first pub- 
lic appearance at eight and gave her 
first concert at 12. She will be as- 
sistcd in her Town Hall concert by 
David Garvey, internationally-re- 
knowned pianist. 



"Jupiter" Syiiiphoiiy Mozart 

" Til Eulenspiejrer' R. Strauss 

Violiii Coiicerlo in d, Op. 47 Sibelius 

Les Preludes Liszt 

Livingston High School Saturday, Apr. 24 

Millbum High School Wednesday, Apr. 28 

Montclair High School Saturday, May 1 

\ioli!iisl. <>[ii(>sl artisl 

TICKETS: Suburban Concerrs : $4.80-3.60-2.40 Please enclose check and stamped seif -addressed envelope 


SPECIAL CONCERT with David Garlock, pianist 
Rumson-Fair Haven Regional High School Friday, April 30 

Tickets: $4.50 - 3.50 - 2.00 


4th Floor, Mosque Theatre, 1020 Broad St., Newark 





Concert Pianist Prospecdng for Repertoire 

Elina AduniK of Cranford, One 
of African Music oii 

The harrowing experiences of con- 
cert pianists on tours, especially 
those who have not yet attained the 
renown that schedules them only in 
major concert halls, has become a 
tradition of the proiession. They are 
often forced to acquire a rugged re- 
pertoire to satisfy a variety of au- 
diences. They may find themselves 
expected to perform on an iiistru- 
ment that is liable to loae a leg 
or c atapult a key heavenword in a 
barnlike atmosphere with an unfriend- 
ly temperature. 

In that respect consider thetemer- 
ity of one of New Jersey' s outstand- 
ing concert pianists, Elma Adams 
of Cranford. She is not only de- 
liberately, but enthusiastically, seek- 
ing to develop a repertoire that is 
currently virtually non-existant. She 
has performed, and is anxious to do 
so again, under conditions where tem- 
peratures bear down like a soggy 
blankct, pianos must sometimes be 
tuned twice a day, a concert site 
must be improvised on a few hours 
notice and the music- must prove to 
be a universal language - as artist 
and audience use different ones. 

Such obstacles have a tendency to 
melt before her enthusiasm for carry - 
ing Western culture to the new and 
developing Alrican nations andinstu- 
dying the effect of Alrican music on 
the American idiom. The first half 
of the double project has only the 
physical problem oi" time and place. 
Repertoire is a shoo-in, she has dis- 
covered, bec ause prospective audi- 
ences are hungry for the same Euro- 
pean and American literature populär 
here. She has found much of her 
audiences at her African concerts 
are Americans and Europeans sta- 
tioned in those countries. And the 
natives also seem partial to it, es- 
pecially Chopin with Scarlatti a close 

Crystalli/iii^ Eliisive Music 

However, acquiring some African 
repertoire is quite something eise. 
All African music is virtually spon- 
taneous, featuring drums almost ex- 
clusively but with some strings and 
reed Instruments. But none of it 
has ever been put down on paper. 
Any attempt to do so up to the pre- 
sent has been very sporadic with only 
a few individuals doing anything about 
it such as Americans teaching or in- 
volved in some duties abroad- A 
regiment armed with battery-driven 
tape recorders would appear the most 

APRIL 1965 

of Slale's OutHtandiii^ Concert Pianists, Is Pioneerinj? In Studying Effect 
American And Inlroducin«; American Perfornters to Afric^ns 

practical Solution. 

That study of African music, pro- 
bably inspired to some extent by the 
Trinidad ancestry of her family, is 
a major interest for Elma Adams but 
not her entire c are er by any means. 
She has an impressive background of 
study, has proven her talent andtrain- 
ing in concert Performances and is 
continuing her Coaching with Alton 
Jones, a distinguished American pi- 
anist and member of the Juilliard 
faculty. She would like to have a 
concert career in this country and 


fix ' ' ^^H 


Being presented with bouquet öfter 
concert in Trenchard Hall, University 
of Ibaden (top); with Dr. T. O. Elias, 
Attorney-Generai and Minister of Jus- 
tice of Nigeria and wife after Lagos 
concert; with Lady Ademola and Cal- 
vin H. Raullerson, director of West 
African Culturai Center, in Lagos. 

could offer a unique program if the 
Afri( an repertoire could be included. 
Mrs. Adams made a concert tour 
of some Caribbean countries in 1962 
and a year ago completed a six-week 
tour of Africa. The first week in 
June, she leaves for a nine-concert 
tour schedule for amonthinGermany 
and Sweden under the sponsorship of 
the Amerika Haus in Bonn. Then 
late in the year she may be the only 
soloist in a culturai group being sent 
by the State Department to Senegal, 
West Africa. 

Has Ori^inated Own Tours 

An intriguing aspect of the tcrurs 
is that, in this age of ultra exclu- 
sive management domains, Mrs. 
Adams dreams up much of the ori- 
ginal prospectus herseif while her 
husband, who is officially her mana- 
ger, makes most of the actual ar- 
rangements. For instance she didthe 
groundwork for last year's African 
trip when she gave 13 concerts in 
six countries, including the Camer- 
oons, Ghana, Nigeria and Ethiopia, 
along with giving. lectures and ap- 
pearing on radio and television pro- 
grams. Her husband, who is achem- 
ist, also gave some lectures on the 
Chemical process of crystal growth. 

After the preliminary plans were 
made, she did get some assistance 
and Cooperation from the American 
Society of African Culture on this 
side of the Atlantic and Lady Ade- 
mola, of the National Council of Ni- 
gerian Women's Societies, anxious to 
prove what women could do, on the 
other. Before leaving, she and her 
husband called on Congresswoman 
Florence Dwyer and on G.Mennen Wil- 
liams, then Assistant Secretary of 
State for African Affairs, so that 
embassies, consuls and U. S. Infor- 
miation Service Offices were alerted 
to give them a hand. 

Despite their definite help, Mrs. 
Adams had a rugged time in most 
places, setting up her concerts, ob- 
taining workable Instruments and 
cold-shouldering the temperature and 
humidity. Regardless, the tour was* 
a triumph, For instance, of Her 
University of Ibadan concert, spon- 
sored by AMSAC, the IVibari Group 
of writers and the U. S. Information 
Service, the Nigerian Daily Express 

"A large audience applauded vigor- 
ously...The artist played with pre- 
cision and authority. Playing with 
sensitivity and beauty, she displayed 


the talents of anoutstandingmusician. 
The two Scarlatti sonatas came to 
life with brillance as did the Men- 
delssohn Variations. Mrs. Adams' 
interpretations (of Debussy, Chopin 
numbers) were the most striking ren- 
ditions of those compositions heard 
nere for some time. All of the thun- 
der and lightning of the scherzocame 
alive in the hands oT this artist. 
Mrs. Adams, as a techiiician, proved 
well able to cope with the aemands 
and moods of her selections." 

In Lagos, Mrs. Adams was fea- 
tured in amusical program sponsored 
by the aforementioned National Coun- 
cil with AMSAC Cooperation and under 
the patronage of Dr.Nnamdi Azikiwe, 
President of Nigeria. The Council' s 
Eastern Region branch sponsored a 
concert in Enugu the next day. While 
in Nigeria, she also gave lectures 
at the University of Ibadan, in many 
schools and made several radio and 
television appearances. 

Mrs. Adams ended her trip with 
three concerts in Addis Abada, Eth- 
iopia, which were sponsored by the 
Halle Selassie Foundation and were 
arranged as fund-raising benefits for 
the various children's charities. Her 
Performances were again highly ac- 
claimed and she was presented with 
a gold medal for artistry at an au- 
dience with His Imperial Highness, 
Crown Prince, Nerid Azmatch Astar 
Wossen. It would probably have been 
his more famous father, Emperor 
Halle Selassie, but he was away due 
to the hostilities with Somaliland. 

Upon their return, the Cranford 
couple again called on Mr. G. Men- 

nen Williams to report on their trip 
and were told that they had done more 
to extend culture and improve under- 
standing than the State Department 
could have possibly done. 
BelKT Tliaii Slale DepartnHMil Coiilil 
Foreign acclaim is wunde rful but 
it is even sweeter elose to home and 
Elmn Adams has known that, also. 
After a New York retital, the au- 
thoriative Times said: "For tne ma- 
jor work on her program, Miss Adams 
had chosen the Beethoven Sonata in 
D, Op. 28, which afforded scope for 
an impressive display of her talent. 
As a technician, Miss Adams proved 
well ablc? to cope with the demands 
of the piece. In addition, the pi- 
anist disc lüsed sensitivity oiphrasing 
and nuance that made the slow move- 
ment especially gratifying, and a 
sense of niusical structure enabling 
her to keep the parts of the work 
in due relation to the whole." He- 
garding other works perl'ormed, "... 
afforded further opportunities for 
technical and tonal displays" and "It 
was a poised, articulate perfoi'mance 
that allowed the music to have its 
say withüut distractions on the per- 
former' s part..." 

The New York Herald Tribüne: 
"The Pianist has a keen sense of 
rhytlim, and sufficiently nimble fin- 
ge rs to make such music as the Scher- 
zo of the Beethoven Sonata sparkle." 
And Musical America: "...Very good 
technical equipment and musicalskill 
in addition to a commendable ap- 
pröach. ." 

Mrs. Adams has won numerous a- 
wards includingthe "Negro in the Arts" 


S. HUROK presents 




TlektH: $6.00, 5.00, 4.50, 3.75, 2.75 wf ftox Offlee, MA 3-1815; Bom- 
b^eer's. Mail ordert fo theatr*. Endote stomped, ««ff-addretMcl 

and one that gave her a Town Hall 
recital in 1962. She has been an 
active concert artist since her debut 
in April of 1960. She has appeared 
at a number of universities and mu- 
seums and on radio studio broadcasts, 
including, specifically, the Brooklyn 
Museum Concert Series, the National 
Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., 
at Howard University, as soloist with 
the Suburban Symphony of New Jersey 
in Cranford twice and as feature pi- 
anist in concert programs over radio 
stations WNYC and WQXR in New 
York. Another New York recital is 
planned for next year. 

Auards aiul Appearances 

Mrs. Adams is a native of New 
York City, having launched her future 
career when a piano was moved into 
her home as a present onher seventh 
birthday. She studied with a private 
teacher, Leonore Kraeuter, and was 
be Coming an active performerby high 
school days. During her senior year, 
she entered the Preparatory Depart- 
ment of the Juilliard School of Mu- 
sic, studying with Frantes Mann, She 
majored in piano but received the 
thorough music training that is typi- 
cal of the school. She graduated 
from Juilliard, having studiea there 
five years in all, including a year 
of graduate study. 

While still a Student there. Elma 
Adams promoted her first concert 
tour, performing at several Colleges 
in North Carolina and Virginia. Also 
while there she performed a solo 
concert in the Young Artist Series 
given by Miss Mann at Carnegie Re- 
cital Hall which was the scene, also 
of her official New York debut in 
19H0. After Juilliard she won a 
scholarship in the Summer class of 
Alton Jones and has continued with 
him ever since. Also after Juilliard 
she attended Teachers College of Co- 
lumbia University to earn a teaching 

Now, between tours, Elma Adams 
teaches privately at the ranch-style 
home that she occupies with her hus- 
(Continued on Page 15) 

New and Used Pianos 
Piano Rebuilding 

FANWOOD 2-2363 

JkA^t Mo' ^lioj. 

Yamaha and Kimball Pianos 
Lowrey Orgpns 

Joseph A Gravina 

P T O. 




''Rumson Pond" by 

Lee Hughes EWCC Winner 

Lee W. Hughes, Jr. ol' Maplewood 
rcccived the i'irst prize in the an- 
nual Spring exhibition ol' the Essex 
Water Color Club held at the Bloom- 
field Civic- Center, Mar. 15-2 7 ior 
his painting, "Humson Fond." Second 
prize went to "IVlisty Fond" by CXto 
Bermel of South Orange and third 
to "The Fasture"by Alma Burke of 
Summit. Honorable mentions were 
awarded "Squirrel Fish- Bermuda',' by 
Marion Stoddard and "Weary ot Wel- 
come" by Ludlow Thoi'ston of Han- 
over*. Mr. Hughes' [)ainting will be 
produeed on the tover of the club's 
19(j5-6() broihure. Winners all re- 
c eived artists' materials. 

Mr. Hughes studied at the Newark 
School of Fine and hidustrial Art, 
the Faier Art Sthool, New Haven, 
and the Boston Museum Sthool of Fine 
Arts. He is an art instructor, gives 
demonstrations, has exhibited ext(m- 
sively and is a member of numerous 

Judges who made the selettion from 
among 45 submitted works were 
Franc Bro». kmeier of Teaneck, Ronnie 
Fastorini of Bogota and Abbe Hose 
Cox of Allendale. Fresident Marion 
Stoddard presided at the reception 
when Exhibition Chairman Ed Hoffman 

Lee W. Hughes, Jr. 

of Elizabeth presented the awards and 

Mr. Hughes gave a lecture-demon- 

stration Mary Keim Tietze of Cha- 

tham was hospitality chairman. 

The club will have an exhibition 

at Muir's Art Gallery, East Orange, 

Apr. 11 -May 10 with a reception open- 

ing day. 

¥• * ♦ 

3rd Arl-O-Raiiia in Morristown 

More than a thousand works val- 
ued at over a quarter-million dol- 
lars will be shown at the 3rd an- 
nual Art -O- Kam a Art Exhibit and 
Säle at the Jewish Community Cen- 
ter, Morristown, Apr. 11-14 with a 
preview Apr. 10. 

f- * t- 
Art Ceiilre Slale Show Winners 

Winners in the annual State Show 
of the Art Centre of the Oranges 
were: Oils - Ist, Ronald Schultz; 
2nd, Alexander Farnham; 3rd, 

Blanche Holland; 4t h, Richard Stra- 
ley; 5th, Betty E. Mulkeen; 6th, Mar- 
tin Lowensten, and honorable men- 
tions. Albert Bross, Abe Liebman 
and Mary A. Logan Watercolors - 
Ist, Henry Gasser; 2nd, M. Merlucci, 
3rd, Maurice E.Ingersoll; 4th, Sally 
Spofford; 5t h, Sigmund Kozlow. and 
honorable mentions, John Ange üni, 
Arthur Barbour and Carol Rosen. 

Jerseyans Win Majority 

Of Cherry Hill Awards 

New Jersey artists took four of 
the six firsts and two of the three 
large money prizes in the Ist In- 
vitational Cherry Hill Mall Art Show, 
Cherry Hill, last month. The show, 
directed by Jinx Harris of Ventnor, 
proved highly successful. The win- 

Oils, acrilics and plastics with 
awards of $100, $75 and $50: Land 
scapes and seascapes - Ist, Bark- 
lay Sheaks of Newport News, Va.; 
2nd, Jeanne Callahan of Wyncote, 
Pa.; 3rd, Scott Croft of New York 
City; abstract, non-objective, etc- 
Ist, James Groody of Medford Lakes; 
2nd, George Ralph of Willingboro; 
3rd, Melinia of Philadelphia; figurc, 
portraits - Ist, Gerard Sebastian of 
Toms River; 2nd, Audrey Salkind of 
Dresher, Fa.; 3rd, John Formicola 
of Philadelphia. 

Watercolor ($75, $50 and $25): 
Ist, Betty Lou Schlemm oflViaywoüd; 
2nd, Marc Moon of Cayuga Falls, 
Ohio; 3rd, William Munro of River- 
ton. Black and White, graphics, 
etc. ($75, $50 and $25): Ist, Clem 
Gouveia of East Elmhurst, N.Y.; 2nd, 
Jack Bilander of New York City; 
3rd, Michael Tekerian of New York 
City. Sculpture ($50 and $25): Ist, 
John Somsky of Hasbrouck Heights; 
2nd, Carol Stone of New York City. 

* f '^ 

Friends of W.O. Library Show 

The fifth annual art show of the 
Friends of the West Orange Library 
will be held at the Library, Apr. 
24-May 7. During a reception for 
the artists on opening day, 2-3:30 
p.m., awards will be presented and 
the judges will comment on their de- 
cisions. The show is open to West 
Orange artists. 


^^OI AKK <OKI>l\l,l.^ I>\ITKI> TO IIKOWSK iiinl/or HIV 

^B^ Olä^ 




!^^ jÄ^^ 290-B GEORGE ST.. NEW BRUNSWICK. N. J. 

7Spl:UU In .■):0«, TlllKSDA^S 1:00 lu ».OO. ( I.OSKI» Sl M»\^S 

K^' •^^^.^. 



& "«trorlKsliop 


Arthur Barbour Joseph Rossi 

Lorenza Arnold W. Lahee 

Lee W. Hughes, Jr. Marianne Hopper 

and many others 

30-06 Broadway (Route 4), Fair Lawn, N. J. 

SW 7-2323 

APRIL 1965 


Art Supplies - framing 


in your 

Go/feri es — Studios 




Artitti' Mattrials 
MI 2-4989 Plctüra Framing 59 Halsey St. 

William Haacke 

130 Brantord PI. 

MA 2-6219 


Services — Studio» — Sole» Agency 
Gallery Exhibitions - Portrait» 
Member»hip Prospeclu» Available 



Picturet and Mirrors 
Artitts' Materials 

1315 Midland Avt. 

PI 6-4884 

(ConHned from Page One) 
BLOOMFIELD: Art League, 4, op- 
ening class show; 18, opening mem- 
bers show 

EAST ORANGE: Art Centre, 12, 
Demonstration, Sketch Club Show 

Muir's Gallery, 11 -May 10, Es- 
sex Water Color Club 
GLASSBORÜ: State College, thru 
15, Print Purchase Show, Binet Gal- 
lery; 21 -May 6, Michael Lenson. 
LAKEWÜÜD: Georgian Court Col- 
lege, 1-30, Students Design Exhibit 
MADISON: Argus Gallery, 9-May 

6, William Preston paintings; "Flo- 
wers that Bloom in the Spring." 
MILLBURN: Paper Mill Playhouse, 
3-May 2, Van Dearing Perrine. 
MONTCLAIR: Art Museum, 4-25, 
'^Eugene Berman"; 18-May 16, "Re- 
trospective of John Sloan." 
MORRISTOWN: Art-O-Rama, 11- 


through April 6 


April 13-24 


April 28-May.15 





Gallery - Supplies - Framing 


Artittt & Hondicroft MaUrialt 

Pon-Am«rican Notiv« Grafts 

Stwd«ntt • Preftttionalt - Dabbltrt 

447 Sprfngfield Ave. CPestview 3-5857 

673 Batchelor St., at Rt. 37 

DI 9-6149 

Continental ART Center 

Gallery Creative Framing 

Artist Materials Ceramics 

Hours: Mon.-Sat. 9:30 a.m. - 6 p.m. 
Wed. thru Fri. 6 - 9 p.m. 

401 Main St., Eost Orange Rhone: 676-7411 


Artistt' Supplies - Froming 

104 W. So. Orange Ave. 

SO 21863 


School of Fine and 

Industrial Art 

Füll and part-time students 

N. J. State Approved 


2 10 Wisi Vnml St. 

IM- (»-1768 

14, Jewish Community Center. 
NEWARK: Museum, 2-May 16, "Wo- 
men Artists of America," through 
May 3, "American Quietest Land- 

Public Library, 15, Panel Discus- 
sion, Associated Artists N.J. 

Art Gallery, 1-30, Chudova and 


NEW BRUNSWICK: Old Queens Gal- 
lery, thru 24, Eskimo stone carv- 
ings; 25-May 22, new woodcuts by 
Hope Meryman. 

PLAINFIELD: Art Association, 13, 
Tosun Bayrak talk, Library, 8 
SHREWSBURY: Guild of Creative 
Art, 3-30, Diana Benner, John Man- 

SOUTH ORANGE: Art Corner, 1- 
30, Eileen Schreiber, paintings 

Sloan School, all month, John 

SUMMIT: Art Center, 9-17, Chil- 
dren's Class Work, 25-May 9, Por- 
traits from Private CoUections 

House of Fine Arts, 11-24, Six- 
woman show. 

YWCA, 5-23, Mary Bayne Bug- 

TEANECK: Fairleigh Dickinson U- 
niv., 5-30, Stephen Ettinger paint- 

ings, Student Lounge 
TENAFLY: Lucinda Gallery, 25- 
May 8, Irv Docktor 

lery, through 6, Tosun Bayrak; 13- 
24, Gallery Group; 28-May 15, Do- 
rothy Abelson 

WESTFIELD: Art Association, 11- 
18, 4th State Wide Exhibition, Un- 
ion Junior College, Cranford 
WEST ORANGE: Friends of W.O. 
Library, 24-May 7, Library 

Art Colony, through 25, Stanley 
Marc Wright; 26-May 10, Members 
exhibition featuring Louis Abolofia. 
WOOD RIDGE: Memorial Library, 
1-30, Anne ConnoUy watercolors 


OUTDOORS: Roseland, May 8, Wo- 
men's Club, all artists, watercolor, 
oil, pastels, and graphics, Originals 
only, on school grounds. Receiving 
date, day of show, 8:30-10 a.m. In- 
fo and entry blanks: Mrs. Robert 
E. Ringen, 2 Driftway, Roseland, N.J. 
STATE ^ I2th State -Wide Exhibition, 
Hunte rdon County Art Center, Clin- 
ton. June 6-July 6. Open to all N.J. 
artists. Oil, water color. sculpture, 
Jury. Prizes. Entries due May 11 -16. 

Membership Invited 
Open afternoons except Mondays 




April 4th-Ma/ 16th 
Chamber Music Sessions, Apr. 11, May 9 




Reviews and Cotnrnentnries 

RALPH FABRI, N.A.: February 7th 
through March 7th, a Sterling cxhibi- 
tion by one ot" Ameriia's niaster pain- 
ters iiiauguratüd thc Galle ry of the 
Art Cüloiiy on Northfield Avenue in 
West Orange. Vikki Kareher', a most 
c onipetent artist on lierown, was sue- 
eessful in proturing this exhibit be- 
eause ül" Mr. Fabri's desire to en- 
eourage her in her dream of estab- 
lishing a eultural center in her pari 
of the State. 

This was a rieh and rare showing 
of worldly arehitetture and Philo- 
sophie- conjecture. B'abri's eathedrals 
and shrines become haloed sanc tuar- 
ies of mystical and rhytlimic tonality. 
The splendor of his palette has the 
freedom of a Gauguin and the signi- 
ficant expression of aKirchner. Here 
is a wealth of Imagination and wis- 
dom . We see flowing, melodie color 
in BRAVE NEW WORLD, the superb- 
ly diseiplined limning of the Big Top 
with a blending of emotionalism in 
FLYING TRAPEZE. In each compo- 
sition he has that rare capaeity of us- 
ing fluid tolor over three-dimensional 
realism to ereate the Spiritual eon- 
eept over the physieal. The CHURGH 
OF SANTA SOPHIA in Istanbul and the 
stained glass of the GATHEDRAL OF 
GHARTRES are aesthctic eleganc e of 

Fabri's oriental studies are en- 
c-hantingly vibrant. BLUE SUN OVER 
KAMAKURA is a jet-viewed, philoso- 
phical study of the great Daibutsu 
dwarfed by a crowd-paeked shrine 
rising to the right. He has caught 
the fermentofthe busy streets of 
Hong Kong, the poetic flow of the 
klongs of Bangkok, the spirit of cen- 
turies behind the baltonies of Bag- 
dad and the fortified city of Granada. 
These are expressed in such differing 
patterns as to be almost national styl - 
izations. Spain and Istanbul, Thailand 
and the carvings of Angkor Wat are 
presented with utmost appreciation 
and reverenee. This rieh tapestry 
of design and color is to geography 
what words are to history but much 
more graphic. 

It is a pity that the Art Golony 
Galle ry is limited, that the paintings 
must be so cTosely hung. Perhaps 
sjome day West Orange will realize 
that the honor and dignity of a colony 
of the Arts in its midst would en- 
hance its c-ultural appreciation and wi- 
den its World perspective. One does 
not have the privilege of viewing the 
work of a Benjamin Franklin Fellow 
of the Royal Academy of Arts just 
any day. I understand a variance 

APRIL 1965 


Diana Bainbridge 

is in dispute. Let us hope that the 
intelligent Citizens of West Orange 
will settle this in favor of their child- 
ren's betterment as well as their own. 

In the meantime, if you were unfor- 
tunate enough to miss this exhibition, 
it is to be shown at the Bayhead Gul- 
tural Genter April 1 Oth through May 

Gate Gallery in Upper Montclair will 
again exhibit the work of Dorothy 
Abelson April 25th through May 15th. 
This young abstract Impressionist has 
been caught up in a polymer dance 
within a prism. Her refulgent color 
for the most part creates a carnival 
mood, strong purples, mauves and 
blues. At no time is she blatant or 
uncontroUed however. In fact. each 
canvas upon analysis hews to form and 
substance but the viewer is only con- 
scious of rhytJimic charm, anallper- 
vasive metamorphosis from the liter- 

It is most refreshing to find that 
despite the new craze for Op Art 
with its raucous demand that a sci- 

entific phenomena be accepted as art, 
we are still fostering original and ex- 
citing treatments in color and form. 

A storm fence zigs and zags above 
a Wide expanse of sea, high-keyed 
and Chili in WIND SWEPT. Here 
Mrs. Abelson attunes her color to 
the demand of mood. By contrast, 
in BLUE GAY REEF with its irides- 
c-ent blues predominating, we are 
scuba-diving in tropical water. The 
balance of white masses to counter 
the diagonal flow of luscious eolor 
in SOUVENIRS intensifies the rela- 
tionship of the central figure to the 
over -all composition. 

Despite her preoccupation with a 
profusion of color, Mrs. Abelson does 
not strike harsh or discordant notes. 
The ready-mixed palette of polymer 
seems only to broaden an artist' s 
field of projection, provided there is 
an innate sense of taste andharmony. 
Grounded in a sound school of aca- 
demic discipline, she has shown cour- 
age and Imagination in her emanci- 
pation. There is not only appeal in 
her paintings but each canvas is care- 
fully coordinated. 

ADOLPH KONRAD: Hitherto we 
have been conscious of Adolph Kon- 
rad' s intimate preoccupation with fa- 
miliär local scenes, the poignancy of 
liuman conditions in reiation to the 
fading respectability ol city streets. 

"Windswept" by Dorothy Abelson 

April 9-May 6 y^^|LLiAM PRESTON, paintings 


ARGUS GALLERY 2 Green Village Road Madison, N. J 
Hours — Wednesday througb Sunday/ 1-5 p.m. 


In the showing at the Sloan Gal- 
lery in South Orange in March, we 
were given a glimpse of a broader 
interest lostered by bis tour of the 
Mediterrane an area and Egypt. In 
this exhibit there are many pen and 
wash Sketches as well as two large 
canvases which are warm with appre- 
ciation of his travels. 

In ROMA, theclassical beauty of 
a pillared ruin rises against monu- 
mental architecture heightened bythe 
play of light from the Italian sun 
Piercing the city smog. It is Kon- 
rad' s renderingof the passage of time, 
but allgently. By contrast, THE NILE 
AT ASWAN is more broadly brushed 
in poetic rhytlimic pattern, The furled 
sails of the boats arching against the 
muted tonesofthe river. These new 
studies tellusthat his horizon has 
lifted. It will be interesting to see 
if this awareness of Space does not 
develop into an even more lyrical and 
compassionate sensitivity. 

a showing of fifteen paintings by Ei- 
leen Schreiber in the Tweed Room of 
Saks Fifth Avenue inSpringfield Feb- 
ruary 17th through March 5th This 
artist is one of our serious young 
painters who is still striving to de- 
velop a consistent method of expres- 
sion capatible with the varying modes 
of this kaleidoscopic day. She has 
originality and a strong respect for 
color values but her projection does 
not always gel. She is most suc- 
cessful when she tackles a simple 
theme and applies color with re- 
straint . 

I particularly liked SUGGESTIONS 



paintings, sculpture, drawings 
May 4 through 17 

Look over our Collectors' Cache 

Robbins Gallery 

Hollywood Theater Building 

640 Central Ave., East Orange 
ORange 4-2297 

Painting by Eloisa Schwab of Fair Lawn in Group Sho w at Ahda Artzt Gallery, 
New York City, Apr. 19-May 1. 

OF SPRING, the pastel shades of the 
vernal season with just a soupcon 
of intense color to herald the pro- 
fusion to come. ABOVE IT ALL is 
a study from above the clouds, a jet- 
eyed view of what I have always 
thought of as God's washtub. The 
careful elimination of extraneous 
subject matter in IN CONFIDENCE 
focuses on two women deeply en- 
grossed in the anxiety of one. In- 
cidentally, she will have some of her 
work exhibited at The Art Corner, 
South Orange, all this month. 

ARNOLD W. LAHEE: We have very 
few sincere and able realists in the 


Artist» to Watch! 




87 Halsey St., Newark, N. J. 

Lithoprnphs hy Dali, Chagall, Barquo, 
Büffet, Kolluiti and others availahle 

New Jersey arena of art. Arnold 
Lahee, a retiredeconomics professor 
who some years ago yielded to the 
Churchillian urge to put his intense 
appreciation of nature on canvas, is 
showing at the Maplewood Library 
Maruh 18th through April 6th. There 
are times when Dr. Lahee becomes 
too literal, allowing his intense emo- 
tional reaction to his subject to dom- 
inate his painting. However some of 
his later canvases are showing a pro- 
gressive sense of his right to adjust 
his compositions totheir proper place 
in the confines of his frames. 

Dr. Lahee has a greatly to be ad- 
mired bravura which Stands l^im in 
good stead; painting icicles adrip from 
the mouth of a cave in the Rockies, 
the flamboyant setting of the sun over 
the Grand Canyon, or the dash of a 
powerful wave against the rocks of 
Pemiquid Light in the mist of early 
morning. These are subjects which 
have intense emotional appealandre- 
quire skill to reproduce. With acon- 
sistant respect for the value of light 
and a good color sense, he carries 
US with him up and around the Am- 


Stationery - Office Eqiiipment - Crecting Cards ■ Bool.s 






Montclair Art Museum 

(Jasses in 

Landscape Painting 



Commencing April 13 

Write or call for Information 

Montclair, N. J. 

Pilgrim 6-5555 



erican continünt with nostalgic grati- 
firation; Maine, Banif, Mt. Whitney, 

Despite the reproductions of credi- 
table moderns in the National Aca- 
demy catalogue, the HüthAnnual Ex- 
hibition had an over-all stamp of the 
prosaic, tethnically adept and static 
literalism. This reviewer toured the 
galleries listening to commentaries 
such as; "Now that's nice," "Look at 
all those finelines!" There were many 
paintings that aroused such inanities. 
And there were many which had an 
old World charm. What seemed to be 
lacking was dynamics, power, force. 

Even beauty suffered because too of- 
ten it was merely pretty. Whoever 
supervised the hanging had the poor 
judgement to put busy watercolors a- 
longside of restrained and expansive 
moderns thereby damning both. 

I must say that the New Jersey 
artists with but two exceptions stood 
up very well indeed among such staid 
and circumspect associates. The 
powerful sweepof rushing water in 
John Grabach' s THE SWELL was ex- 
hilerating. Joseph Rossi's irony in 
ENTERPRISE was biting, and Betty 
Lou Schlemm' s free and colorful 
FALL CLEANING was redolent ofthe 
season. Adolph Knnrad, Nicholas 
Reale, Kent Day Cole, Joseph Do- 
mareki, sound artists all, again re- 
gistered their particular brands of 
sensory hyperbole in major and mi- 
nor Contention. There were others 
that had merit and some whose work 
could have been more satisfying had 
not their hanging worked to their de- 

It was refreshing to find at least 
seven fineportraits in this exhibi- 
tion. Portraits are no longer accep- 
table in present day New Jersey ex- 
hibits. We may worship at the shrines 
of Rembrandt and Van Hals, of Cop- 
ley, Stuart and Peale, but ifthey were 
painting today, they would starve un- 
less they moved over into the poly- 
mer school of explosive expression. 
Portrait painting is a has-been to be 
mourned as one mourns the passing 
of the National Academy, the Royal 
Society and the Academy of France. 


May, 8, 9, 1965 

Jinx Harris, Director 

101 S. Buffalo Avenue 

Ventnor, N. J. 

Professional Artists Enter 

"Mythomania" by 

Art Colony Holding Wiiglit 
Exlübitioii Uiitil April 25 

The exhibition of paintings and 
polymergraphs by Stanley Marc 
Wright at the Art Colony, West Or- 
ange, has been extended to Apr. 25 

Only frustration and a tensioned age 
merit portrayal now. 

WILLEM deKOONING: Around the 
Corner at the Allan Stone Galle ry, 
I spent a ghastly half hour trying 
to adjust to the utter chaotic- paint- 
ings of deKooning. Splashes of pale 
pink and white with lips of red in 
questionable places remind one of a 
misogynist' s revulsions. And then 
there were great black. streaks on 
large white canvases which looked as 
if painted in the dark under inebria- 

Despite Joseph Hirschhorn' s con- 
tention that de Kooning is America' s 
greatest painter, I disagree empha- 
tically. But of course I have a right 
to my opinion. It would be a bitter 
World without such privilege. 


Stan Marc Wright 

at the request of out-of-state col- 
lectors on the heels of this state's 
enthusiastic response. It is the 
Vermont artist's first metropolitan 
exhibit since 1949. 

Wright' s paintings were selected 
by Alfred Hitchcock forthefilm- 
ing of "The Trouble with Harry" the 
Story of an artist played by John 
Forsythe. The artist was asked to 
coach the actor and during that per- 
iod, many of filmland's leading art 
collectors acquired Wright worKs. 
Hitchcock visited the studio frequent- 
ly and wanted to use it for a scene 
in the movie. 

Artist Wright has shown the same 
civicmindedness as his father who 
was an attorney and municipal exe- 
cutive in South Orange for 30 years. 
The son serves as "art aide" to Gov. 
Phillip Hoff of Vermont and has 
assisted in organizing the Vermont 
Art Council. He is presently direc- 
tor of the Stowe Center of the Arts, 
a founder of "Stowe Artists and 
Craftsman" and President of the Ro- 
tary Club. 

APRIL 26 to MAY 10 

through April 25 




The Art Colony 

Daily 10-6, Wed. to 9 

743 Northfield Avenue 
West Orange, N. J. 731-4093 


APRIL 1965 



The World on the Walls of New 

April at Duncan Gallery 

Joachim H. Themal, who is repre- 
sented in permanent collections of 
museums from coast-to-coast, has 
had werk included in many of the 
major group shows and has had a 
host of one-man shows, will have 
one at the Ligoa Duncan Gallery, 
43 East 80th St., New York, Apr. 
5-16. He has held several fellow- 
ships including the Hallmark, Hunt- 
ington-Hartford and Yaddo. 

Now at the gallery until Apr. 13 
are the paintings of Eleanor Arons 
who has won recognition as a per- 
sonality painter. Her portrait of 
Gertrude Stein was the only painting 
selected to hang in Princeton Univer- 
sity during the exhibition in the 
Princeton Library of Gertrude Stein 

A benefit show for UNICEF will 
be held at the Ligoa Duncan Art 
Center on 82nd St., Apr. 13-30 with 
special programs for children with 
New York Representation 

Öffered in a Madison Ave. Gallery 

with one-man show annually guar- 

anteed and six works on hand at 

all times with two or three hung on 

walls in rotation (garden in rear for 

sculpture). Constant promotion ef- 

forts in advts. and out-of-town 

shows. — European shows possible 

Unusually Attractive Gallery 

staffed by experts 

Participating Expenses: $50 a month 


43 East 80th St., New York, N. Y. 

or call (212) YUkon 8-3110 

York" as seen by Burhan Dogancay. 

Mrs. Najar-Madjiar of Cairo, Egypt, 
in Charge. 

(Contiaued from Page 10) 
For entry blanks write Hunterdon 
County Art Center, Clinton, N.J. 
STATE; 17th Annual Trailside Art 
Show, Sept. 19. All independent art- 
ists 20 or üver; teenage artists, 
13-19 inclusive, Union County art 
groups; any medium, original, $1 fee 
for non- Union County residents, Pri- 
zes: $50, best-in-show, plaques for 
groups, Ist, 2nd, 3rd, H.M. In- 
formation: Mrs. Blanche F. Hol- 
land, 8 Middlebury Lane, Cranford. 

BR 6-3610. 

OPEN: Monthly competition with win- 

ning paintings to be shown in Paris, 

Information, Lioga Duncan Gallery, 

215 East 82nd St,. New York. 

RECEIVED TOO LATE to give de- 

tails this month: State -wide Out- 

door Art Show of Morris County Art 

Assn; Ist Annual Northern N.J. Art 




through April 17 


April 19-May 1 

Ward Eggleston 


969 Madison Ave(at 76th Street) 



1, Group shüw including Eloisa 
Schwab of Fair Lawn, 142 W. 57t h 
13, Eleanor Arons; 5-16, Joachim 
H. Themal, 43 E. 80th St. 
through Apr. 17, Burhan Dogancay; 
19-May 1, Adele Lemm, 969 Madi- 
son Ave. 

* ♦ ¥ 

Tiirkish Artist Sees NYC 

An intriguing exhibition entitled 
"'ihe World on the Walls of New 
York" with the painting shown above 
expressing the theme, by Burhan 
Dogancay, Turkish artist, is now at 
the Ward Eggleston Galleries, New 
York, through Apr. 17. Using gou- 
aches and coUages, he provides a u- 
nique interpretation of the forms, 
colors and scrawls around New Yor- 
kers . 

He has received amazing recogni- 
tion after Coming from Paris to New 
York virtually unknown a few years 
ago. He is already represented in 
the permanent collection of the Gug- 
genheim museum, other art centers 
and in private collections. In 1961 
the Turkish government purchased 
many of his paintings. Mayor Ro- 
bert F. Wagner gave him a certi- 
ficate of appreciation in recognition, 
of his eloquent interpretation of New 
York City. His painting, "Brooklyn 
Bridge," was reproduced on the Cov- 
er of the N. Y. Journal American 
Magazine Jan. 3. 

Adele Lemm of Memphis, Tenn. 
will have an exhibii of oils, most- 
ly landscapes and farm scenes, 
Apr. 19-May 1. 

•^ ^ nP 

Merlucci Show at Robbins' 

Michael Merlucci of Newark, win- 
ner of a purchase award in the re- 
cent Bamberger' s Contemporary New 
Jersey Art show, will have paintings, 
and sculpture and drawings shown at 
the Robbins Gallery, East Orange, 
May 4-17. Sally Robbins, who op- 
erates the gallery, seesabright 
future for the young man who will 
be having his first one-man show. 
Lida Hilton of West Orange, will 
have a one-man show at the gallery 
for three weeks following the open- 
ing June 4. 

through April 13 


April 5-16 


43 Eas» 80th St., New York, N. Y. 




(Contlnued from Page Eight) 
band, Irving, who is a c hemist at 
Litton Industries in Morris Plains, 
and her- two children, Irving, Jr., 
10 and Dawn, 11. Otcasional c oneei'ts 
have included tliree in the "Higher 
Horizons" semi-monthly cotuerts 
sponsui-ed by the Newar-k lioard of 
Ediuation to elevate the rultural level 
of the students and is sclieduled \'or 
more. She is a member of tiie West- 
field Musical Club and the Musie 
Edueators Association. 

Any moment now, neighbors ol the 
Adams' Cranford liome, are ÜKely 
to begin hearing an American piano 
sounding off with tne rhythmic beat 
of African drums, perhaps mixed in 
with snatches of Chopin and Sear- 
latti andcalypso. Elma Adams doesn't 
quite know yet how it tan be done 
but those who know the Cranford 
pianist are certain the day is going 
to eome . 


(Continued from Paqe 3) 
tablishing these days is the special 
concert to be given at the Uumson- 
Fair Haven Regional High School 
with David Garloc^k, Caldwell pianist 
as guest artist, on Friday, Apr-. 30, 
introducing the State symphony to 
that area. Garlock made his Town 
Hall debut in 1958 and later won 
first prize in the National Concert 
Artists Guild Competition to earn 
another appearance there. He 
Started his studies witli Graydon N. 
Clark of Newark and at IG won a 
scholarship to the Santa Barbara 
Conservatory of Music in Califoi-nia. 
Afterwards he studied at .Juilliard 
with the great Hosina Lhevinne and 
Adele Marcus. He has been heard 
over radic and appeared in concerts 
throughout the country. 

The Symphony in moving in to Of- 
fices on the fourth floor will be mov- 
ing out of a converted one-family 
house in Orange, providing the or- 
chestra's first home in a concert 


(Continued froni Page 5) 
Hui'r of Livingstcni and a gr-ou{) of 
hostesses. Clai'ciK c Joyce is in 

ihai'ge of ti'kets and reservations, 
assisted by Dorothy K. .lackson, both 
of Ai'lingtoii. Eric', Steiner of West 
Orange is pi'ogi'ani ( hairman. 

hall setting in its histor-y whidi it 
Claims goes back 120 years. 

Moe Septee, m anaging direilor of 
Symphony Hall, said; "We welcome the 
New .Jersey Symphony as another 
means c;f centralizing i ultural acti- 

vities at tlie Mosque." 

* f- f- 
(Continued from Page 4) 

in Miami, Apr. 24-28. 

Winners in the recent State audi- 
tions, which include scholarships in 
some cases, include: Young Artist 
Class, Clarissa Anthony, lyric so- 
prano and oratorio soloist; Student 
Class, to connpete against 12 other 
State winners in the Nortiieast He- 
gion, Lilia Crabbe of Belleville, so- 
prano; Chautauqua Scholarship, Flo- 
rence Mercurio of Bloomfield, Stu- 
dent division; Junioi* Division, Still - 
man -Kelly Scholarship, to compete 
against other Northeast Regional 


SAT. EVE., APRIL 24 AT 8:30 


ibel, David Randolph, Lillian Mernik. 

State wiiuiers, Laurie Mostovoy, 15- 
yeai'-old Violinist of Atlantic City, 
a pupil of Galamian at Curtiss In- 
stitute; and Headei-s Digest Sc^holar- 
ship io National Music Camp, An- 
drew Kraus, pianist of Kearny, pu- 
pil of Alex Chiappinelli. 

it iC ü 

Har(>(|u<' tor i^liuinhrr IMusir (vuihl 

"A Harcjciue Kvening" featuring Vi- 
valdi and the Couperin"Con(erts Hoy- 
aux" will provide the final concert 
of the sc'ventli season of the Cliamber 
IVlusic Guild at the Summit YWCA, 
Sunday, Apr 4 ai 4 and 8 p.m. 
Members of the New York Chamber 
Soloists will perfoi'm on the flute, 
oboe, vicjla, cello and hafpsicliord. 



Tickets: $6.00, 5.00, 4.50, 3.75, 2.75. At Box Office, 
MA 3-1815. Bamberger's. Mail a rders to thcatre. Enclose 
stamped, sclf-addresced envetope. 



Priiiceloii, N, J. 

SCHOOL- - A uiii(]ii(> rWiicational experirn«»' 
for th«' iiiu^iralIy-tul<>iil<Ml l»oy. alForHs th«' 
•lil'trrl i)oy an iiitcirratrd |M-(»<:raiii of «>(liira- 
lioii JMiilt aroiiiMi and niolivalrd Ity. an irilrr- 
Ost and talrnl in nuisir posstv^srd liy all 

(lAMP- (^ani|>in<r fiin and niiisirul artivitirs 
an« rondHn<>d to jn-ovldr an rx<>itin<; and \wuv' 
ficial loiir >v«M*ks (»f outdotir lif«* f«»r tho nui- 
s'uii\ {»oy. (Choral lrainin<r. privatr vocal and 
pia^u» instrnriion. all camp sporls, ( Ajjrs 8-1 \) 

DinMtors and Vhisio Kdiirator.*«. TUe Coluui- 
Ini« Hoyclioir approach to: (Choral Mothods, 
Individual Voirr Proldcnis, Rrprrloir«', Th«»- 
ory and Piano. Opportunily to oltsorv«'. par- 
ticipatr, and to <-ondu(l. 

Write — Lauren D. Rhine, 

Executive Director — Box 350 N 

Princeton, New Jersey 08540 

rilh: COLIJ.MHVS BOYCHOIR is unthr thv 

vxvlusivc manaiivmrnt of KKI\!\ETll ALLEIS, 

Hl II est 37th St., PSru- York. 

APRIL 1965 


Bayrak, Now at Highgate, 
Wiiis $9,000 Fellowship 

Aniiüuncement has just becn madc 
that Tüsun Hayrak of Mountain Lakes 
whose one-man show continues at 
the Highgate Galle ry, Upper Mont- 
elair, through April G. has been 
awar-ded o $9,ÜÜ0 Guggenheim Fel- 
lüwship füi" the 19()5-6() season. 
On the Art Department faculty at 
Fairleigh Dickiiison University's Ma- 
dison canipus, he founded and has 
directed the International Summer 
Seminars that have been held there 
in recent years. 

Following a gallery group show 
Apr. 13-24, Highgate will have a one- 
man show of paintings by Dorothy 
Abelson of West Orange whose work 
is analyzed in Diana Bainbridge's art 
column in this issue. 

IJiiiisiial Hoiiors Woii by Triiiily College of Miisic Stuclents 

<r * * 

Israeli Art Exliibit, Fair 

An Israeli Exhibition and Fair will 
be held May 22-27 at the Newark 
YM-YWHA, 255 Chancellor Ave., 
Newark, with over 500 paintings re- 
presenting over 300 artists to be 
hung throughout the building. A 
shipment of 50 paintings has already 
been received from Israeli but the 
majority will come from dealers in 
this country. 

The fair will feature a great va- 
riety of art and crafts objects, all 
from Israeli, 


Voccil Instruction 

512 Stelle Ave., Plainfield, Sl. J. 
PL 6-3809 


Unusual honors have been awarded 
students wlio have taken tlie exami- 
nations of the Trinity College of Mu- 
sic, London, recently. Kathleen Mol- 
lica, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. 
MoUica of Blooinfield has won the 
highest Student award given by the 
College, the Certificate of Special 
Merit, presented o'nly to those who 
have passed in all grades of piano 
and at least five grades of theory. 
Slie passed with honor in June the 
Higher Local Grade (VIll) and the 
Intermediate Grade theory this Win- 

Kathleen is the third person to 
receive this certificate in the East- 
ern United States, her sister, Flo- 
reen, being one of the two who pre- 
ceded her. She is a senior at Bloom - 
field High School where she belongs 


annual dinner maeting 


DONALD GAGE, President 

Guest of Honor and Principal Speaker 

Author, Lecturer, Conductor of the Masterwork Chorus 

Music Program by Grace Gimbel, Pianist, and Lillian 
Mernik, Contralto, accompanied by Catherine C. Burton 

at HOTEL ROBERT TREAT, 50 Park Place, Newark 

Sunday, April 25, 6 P.M. 

Tickets: $5.50 for Dinner and Program 
Reservations: Clarence Joyce, 91 Beech St., Kearny — 991-3163 

Mollica and Crofton Boyd Wilson. 

to the Honor Society, German Club, 
Italian Club, F.T.A., is treasurer 
of the Library Club and plays flute 
in the high school band. She is a 
pupil of Mrs. Hilda Cleophas Jones, 
chairman of the Eastern Division for 
the Trinity College. 

A Certificate of Special Merit has 
also been earned by Crofton Boyd 
Wilson, Son of Col. and Mrs. Don- 
ald B. Wilson ofArlington, Va. He 
passed his practical exam in Higher 
Local (Grade VllI) and his Inter- 
mediate Theory, both with honors. 
his mother is the former Helen 
Jones, daughter of Mrs. Jones. He 
is in the llth Grade at St. Stephen' s 
School in Alexandria, Va., plays soc- 
cer and tennis and is the Senior 

Year Book photographer. 

* * * 
Pianist with Nutley Sympliony 

Margaret Lacey, piano Student of 

Isabelle Sant Ambrogio of Bloom - 

field, will be guest artist in the third 

concert of the Nutley Symphony Or- 

chestra to be held at Nutley High 

School, Sunday, Apr. 4. Nicholas 

Cambourakis will conduct. 


I L 


New Jersey' s Largest Dealer 

in Dance Footwear and Leotards 

114 E. Front St., Plainfield 

PL 6-1616 




"6LASS MENAGERIE" STARS: Maureen Stapleton, Pat Hingle, Piper Laurie and 
George Grizzard headlining Tennessee Williams' drama now at Paper Mill. 

Climactic Events Ahead 

For NJFMC Dance Dept. 

The Junior Festivals with a re- 
cord entry of 125 students to be 
held at the Scotch Plains YMCA 
Sunday, Apr. 4, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
is the first of three major events 
that provide the annual seasoncli- 
max for the Dance Department of 
the N.J. Federation of Music Clubs 
of which Jane Benedict of Plainfield 
is chairman. In the Festival stu- 
dents perform before judges to earn 
enough points for a certificate and 
eventually a gold cup. Master class 
demonstrations to be held in the af- 
ternoon are open to the public. 

A Youth Concert in which member 
schools will have their pupils per- 
form will be held Saturday, May 
8 at 8:15 p.m. at Woodbridge High 
School. From 12 to 14 Studios are 



Christine Braillard, director 

Gregory Laue, Warren Township 

Plainfield, N. J. 
Telephone Mlllington 7-2884 

4 Junior Festivals, NJFMC Dance 
Dept., YMCA, Scotch Plains, 9 a.m. 
24 James Waring & Co., YM-YW 
HA, Newark, 8:30 

expected to be represented. The Se- 
nior Concert will be held at the 
Governor Livingston High School, 
Berkeley Heights, Sunday Saturday, 
May 22 at 8:15 p.m. with four or 
five Studios, including those of Irine 
Fokine, Jane Benedict, Stanley God- 
frey and Pat Lane, performing. 
More details will be announced 

As national dance chairman, also 
Jane Benedict will attend the bien- 

Modern Dance Co. at YMHA 

James Waring and Company, a 
sensational modern dance group, will 
present a spectacular progrsim at 
the Newark YM-YWHA on Saturday, 
Apr. 24, 8:30 p.m. Hailed as an 
outstanding exponent of the modern 
dance, he was given this character- 
ization by the Nev/ York Times cri- 
tic last year: "What sets Mr. War- 
ing apart from many of his col- 
leagues is that he understands that 
form does not just happen in a 
work of art, it must either be im- 
posed or discoveredby the creator." 

nial Convention of the National Fed- 
eration of Music Clubs in Miami, 
Fla., Apr. 24-28, being accom- 
panied by her husband, Harold V. 
Kettering. The Department is 
scheduled for a brief period on the 
packed program and the Ketterings' 
daughter, Jerry, and Jill Douglass, 
who formerly had a dance studio in 
Pompton Plains but now lives in Flo- 
rida, will present a ballet program, 
contrasting styles in Performances 
of the past and today. 

As national chairman she reports 
Chat many states have organized 
dance departments and are planning 
Junior Festivals with Idaho as the 
only State that actually had one so 
far. She said also that she has re- 
ceived several applications for the 
$750 scholarship for a male dancer 
off e red by Indian Hill Camp at 
Stockbridge, Mass., which is oper- 
ated by Mordecai Bauman, who is 
also educational director of the New- 
ark YM-YWHA. 






wJavice cJ nealre G) cnoot 
Ödallel S^rcl 




Classical Ballet — Creative 
Modern Jazz — Drama — Music 

Concerts to be announced 
312 Park Ave., Plainfit Id, N. J. 



"Wh.if scts Mr. W^iring .ipnrt from many of his collc.igucs is fhaf hc undcrsf.inds form docs not 
just h.ippcn in a work of art, it must cithcr bc imposcd or discovcrcd by the creator" - N. Y. Times, 
May 21, 1964. 

APRIL 1965 


Jersey Artists Officers 
Of International Guild 

Two New Jersey artists are offi- 
cers and others are members of 
the International Friends Art Guild, 
Inc., recently organized on a non- 
profit basis with goals of "p^'o^no^ing 
International good will among art- 
ists" through "social and cultural 
anienities by varied artistic activi- 
ties such as lectures, social gather- 
ings, exhibitions, art Seminars and 

Membership is open to painters, 
sculptors, fashion and ceramic art- 
ists of any country but required to 
be artists of some merit, engaged 
in some branch of the fine arts and 
whose work is capable of being ex- 
hibitcd, including foreign artists stu- 
dying at recognized art institutions 
in this country. The Guild, which 
will also provide Information for 
foreign art students as to possible 
scholarships and where to exhibit, 
also has as its aims the establish- 
ing of an International Institute of 
Fine Arts, arranging for exchange 
of artists and art students through- 
out the World, promoting internation- 
al art exhibitions and welcoming for- 
eign art students here 

Founder and president is Keith K. 
Lewin of Brooklyn, internationally 
renowned artist who is a Fellow of 
the Royal Society of Arts and As- 

Officers of the new International Friends Art Guild, Inc. include Jasper Peyton, 
Mrs. Win Rogers, Keith Lewin, Mrs. Viola J. Nagurka and George Demmerle. 

sociate of the Royal Drawing Society 
of London. He holds a DFA, passed 
with honors at the London Art Col- 
lege and is a member of the Inter- 
national Federation for Art Educa- 
tion of Switzerland. He is a win- 
ner of several international awards. 
Vice-president is Mrs. Win Rogers 
of North Bergen, noted English-A- 
merican artist, who has received 
world-wide Publicity for her Projec- 
tionist paintings. She is a Fellow 
of the Royal Society of Arts, Lon- 
don, holder of the Jane Addams Gold 
Medal and has exhibited extensive - 
ly, at the Kottier Galleries New York 
and Jersey City Museum among o- 


Tiventy-ninth Year 
Hillside School, Montclair Mornings June 28 to July 30 


Instrumental Exploratory Course for 3rd and 4th Grades 
In-Service Music Course for Elementary Teachers 

All Levels of Instruction 
Tuition: $45 for 5-week Course 
Registrations Now Accepted School Buses 

Write for Bulletin: 
Essex County Summer Music School, 10 Gaston Street, West Orange, N. J. 

Work for a Groalvr Musical America by joining the 


and participate in thesc ivorthwhile events: 

DANCE DEPARTMENT: Apr. 4, Junior Festival, YMCA, Scotch Plains 

May 8, Youth Concert, Woodbridge High School 

May 22, Senior Concert, Gov. Livingston H. S., Berkeley 

CHOIR FESTIVAL: May 16, First Presbyterian Church, Orange 

BIENNIAL CONVENTION: May 22, Montclair State College 

Membership in( lüde s ineinl)ershi|) in th. National Federation of Music (Jiibs 

(laigt'^t mu>i( uigaiiizatioii in tlit- wurKl) 

For Information write: Elwood Priesin<:, 42 Llewellyn Rd., Montclair 

ther places. She is a graduate of 
the Art Institute of Chicago and the 
Art Students League, continuing as 
a member of both as well as the 
Jersey City Museum. 

The treasurer is Mrs. Viola J. 
Nagurka of Union City, promment 
New Jersey artist who has exhibited 
extensively throughout New York and 
New Jersey and won numerous 
awards She is a former president 
of the Hudson Artists of Hudson 
County and a member of the Board 
of Trustees of the Jersey City Mu- 
seum Association 

The secretary is Mrs Mary Lew- 
in of Brooklyn, Italian- American fa- 
shion artist and graduate of the Art 
Students League and the Pan-Amer- 
ican Art School Information may 
be obtained from her at 7 9 Rodney 
Street, Brooklyn 11, N.Y. 

♦ * ¥ 

Bayrak Talk in Plainfielcl 

"Artist- Spectator Relationship" will 
be the subject of Tosun Bayrak, as- 
sistant professor of arts at Fair- 
leigh Dickinson University's Madison 
campus at the meeting of the Plain- 
field Art Association in the Galle ry 
of Plainfield Public Library, Tues- 
day, Apr. 13 at 8 p.m. 


Examination, Newark, New Jersey 
Piano, Violin, Organ and Singing — 

MAY 1965 
Theory and Diploma Paperwork— 

JUNE 1965 

Syllabus and entry forms may be 

obtained from 




24 Highland Ave. Pllgrim 3-6328 

Glen Ridge 





VOL. 1, NO. 1 

E 1965 7^-^11-;,^?'' 


Library Expansion Gains Impetus 
as a Result of Federal Grant 



m h 


The addition to Friendship Library is estimated to cost $800,000, will permit expansion to 250,000 volumes. 

Classroom Building Plans 
Progress on Rutherford Campus 

Wroxton College set to 
openfor Summer Session 

On June 30, 1965, Wroxton Abbey 
in England, will be dedicated as 
Wroxton College, the fifth campus of 
Fairleigh Dickinson University. The 
abbey was purchased frorri Trinity 
College of Oxford University. Over 
120 representatives of universities 
from all over the world will attend. 

(continued on page 4) 

Twenty classrooms, an audiovisual 
classroom, an amphitheater and a 
lecture hall seating 250 are major 
components of the new circular- 
shaped building planned for construc- 
tion on the Rutherford Campus. 

The recent grant of $435,666 under 
the Federal Higher Education Facil- 
ities Act wüll be used toward the 
construction of this building. In 
addition, the University is borrowing 
$544,000 from the government for the 
project. The remainder of the total 

(contiyiued on page 4) 


As a result of recent grants and 
gifts, a major expansion of the Friend- 
ship Library at the Madison campus 
is ready to begin, Dean Samuel Pratt 
announced recently. The addition is 
estimated to cost $800,000 and will 
permit expansion to two hundred and 
fifty thousand volumes. The gifts will 
enable the Friendship Library to 
continue expanding its Services in co- 
ordination with the broadening aca- 
demic program of the Madison 
Campus, Dean Pratt added. 

The University has received a 
$261,653 grant authorized under the 
Higher Education Facilities Act of 
1963 and another $200,000 has been 
subscribed from corporations and 
interested individuals. While seeking 
additional gifts, the University is pro- 
ceedii.g with planning and construc- 
tion because of the urgency of the 
project. Construction will begin in 
the Fall of 1965, with the opening 
scheduled for late Fall 1966. The 
addition will consist primarily of stack 
areas and indivddual study carrels. 

The emphasis on the construction 
of carrels rather than large reading 
rooms coordinates the Friendship 
Library program with the Madison 
Campus academic stress on under- 
graduate students working to their 
füll capacity through independent 
study and special projects. Just re- 
cently, Dean Pratt announced an 
expanding University Scholars Pro- 
gram that provides for an increased 
emphasis on independent study by 

(continued on page 3* 



vm 1 fio 1 Jnn. m. %^:,:ß OM UNIVERSITY D 

Published biinonthly by the 
Development OfTice 
Fairlcigh Dickinson University 
Rutherford, New Jersey 07070 


Evelyn F. Terhune, Editor 

Research in Progress 

An important area of responsibility 
for a university is that of research. At 
Fairleigh Dickinson, a great many 
sponsored research projects are in 
progress. A few of these projects are 
listed below. 

College of Business 

Study of Corporate Purchasing 
Piactices, sponsoied by Time, Inc.; 
Professor Emanuel Denby, principal 
investigator; amount of contract, 
$8,000 for one year. 

Management and Development 
Seminar-Study of Purchasing Be- 
havior in Belgium, sponsored by Cal- 
Tex Corporation; Professor Emanuel 
Denby, principal investigator; amount 
of contract, $5,000. 

College of Sducation 

To Improve Educational Training, 
Matching Funds Grant, sponsored by 
the Ford Foundation; amount of con- 
tract, $350,000 for a four-year period. 

' ' The Mothers 
of Birmingham'^ 

"The Mothers of Birmingham J' a sculp- 
ture hy Erna Weill of Teaneck, was for- 
mally accepted for the University hy Dr. 
Peter Sammartino, president, at a Tea- 
neck Town and Gown Society meeting 
in the Library Auditorium, Teaneck 
Campus, Sunday, Fehruary 28. The work. 
a group of four womeii, represents the 
four angnished mothers of the Negro 
children killed in the church homhing 
in Birmingham, Alabama. Mrs. Weill 
said she had feit very strongly about the 
terrible incidcnt. The sculptress, an in- 
ter}iationally recognized artist, works in 
stone, terra cotta, marble, metals and 
concrete. Her special intercst is Jewish 
rcligioiis sculpture. "The Mothers of 
Binnlngham" is in the Teaneck Campus 

Page 2 

College of Liberal Arts and the 
Health Research Institute 

Carcinogenecity of Asbestes, spon- 
sored by the National Institute of 
Health; Dr. William Smith, principal 
investigator; amount of grant contract, 
$90,000 for a three-year period. 

Institute of Economic Research, 
sponsored by Becton, Dickin§on and 
Company; Dr. Nasrollah Fatemi, prin- 
cipal investigator; amount of giant, 

College of Science 
and Engineering 

Institutional Grant in Research, 
sponsored by the National Science 
Foundation; Dr. Harold Rothbart, 
principal investigator; amount of 
grant, $11,380 for one year. 

Dental School 

General Research Grant, sponsored 
by the National Institute of Health; 
Dr. Walter Wilson, principal investi- 
gator; amount of grant, $25,614 for one 

Masters Program for 
Teachers will Expand 

Forty-two graduate students expect 
to receive a Master of Arts in tcaching 
degree at Commencement exercises 
this Coming June marking the end of 
a successful year of a special program 
which combines graduate study and 
a teaching internship. The MAT can- 
didates have taught with a high de- 
gree of success in fourteen high 
schools in New Jersey and New York. 

The basic principle of the MAT pru- 
gram is to have two teachers team up 
to work in the school system for one 
half year each as a paid instructor. 
While one is teaching the class, the 
other takes graduate studies at the 
University. During the second Semes- 
ter their positions are reversed. 

All persons who participated in the 
MAT program have a high degree of 
efficiency in their major subjects as 
each candidate was required to suc- 
cessfuUy complete a bachelor's pro- 
gram prior to acceptance. 

The MAT degree candidates are 
from every part of the United States 
and are also from other countries. 

In its second year, the MAT pro- 
gram expects to enroU over one hun- 
dred degree candidates. It will also 
conduct secondary summer schools in 
Teaneck, Summit and Bridgewater- 

The MAT program is subsidized by 
a Ford Foundation grant. 


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Pictured nt thc proclamntion ceromonios. lett to right: Paul Ortlip, artist-in-rcsidencc, Teaneck Campus; 

American Festival of Negro Arts 
is Celebrated at Teaneck Campus 

.'i t 


''University Woman'' 
f ocuses on ills of 
modern woman 

"The Ills of Modem Woman", the 
latest issue of UniversiUj Woman 
makes a significant departure from 
the previous issues which have been 
concerned with the positive contribu- 
tions of women. This issue focuses on 
women who are in trouble and who 
bring trouble to others. 

The five problem areas of women 
which are examined are Prostitution, 
alcoholism, drug addiction, larceny 
and murder. Copies of University 
Wovian are $1.00 and are available 
from UniversiUj Wonian, Fairleigh 
Dickinson University, Madison, New 

Dr. Decker Touring 
Foland, Czechoslovakia 

Dr. Clarence R. Decker is currently 
touring Czechoslovakia and Poland 
acquiring material for the Literary 
Review, international Uterary quar- 
terly published by Fairleigh Dickinson 

Enhanced by official proclamations 
from Governor Richard Hughes of 
New Jersey, Governor Nelson Rocke- 
feller of New York and Mayor Robert 
Wagner of New York City, the Ameri- 
can Festival of Negro Arts was cele- 
brated in New York City and at the 
Teaneck Campus of Fairleigh Dickin- 
son University during the month of 
February. Dr. Robert S. Pritchard, 
American Negro composer, pianist, 
the founder of the Festival served as 
chairman and Dr. Clarence R. Decker, 
vice President of Fairleigh Dickinson 
University, was co-chairman. 

The American festival was a west- 
ern hemisphere prelude to the world 
festival of Negro arts which will be 
held in Dakar, Senegal, West Africa 
in December, 1965, and January, 1966. 

In his proclamation Mayor Wagner 
stated that "The American Festival of 
Negro Arts has become a national 
festival with regional observances in 
Cleveland, Ohio, at Tougaloo College 
in Mississippi, at Hampton Institute 
in Virginia, at Fairleigh Dickinson 
University in Teaneck, New Jersey 
and in Montreal, Canada." 

Library Expansion 

(continued from page 1) 

superior students beginning in their 
freshman year. 

Individuais working on selected 
study courses, honors tutoring, labo- 
ratory and field research projects, and 
original writing in such magazines 
published on the Madison campus as 
''University Woman*' and ''Impact" 
will especially benefit from the loca- 
tion of the carrels in the stack and 
reference area. 

According to Mr. Edward Broad- 
head, head librarian, the philosophy 
of the Friendship Library is to build 
on the relationship of students to 
books. The individual desks and 
shelves of the carrels permit students 
pursuing a special topic to work more 
conveniently and privately. 

As soon as the building fund is 
completed, the University will seek 
$1,500,000 for collections during the 
next ten years, Dean Pratt continued. 
It is planned to add fifteen thousand 
volumes annually in the new section. 
The Friendship Library collection 
meets the current academic needs of 
the students but is inadequate for 
academic changes now under way. 

The present collection shows partic- 
ular strength in Humanities, Social 
Science, Psychology, and Business. 
The most pressing need is for broad- 
ened collection in several of the 
sciences including Biology, Chemistry 
and Physics. Building these collec- 
tions is now more pressing than ever 
since the announcement in March of 
the new part-time and full-time day 
and evening graduate programs in the 
sciences and the rapid growth of the 
Master of Arts in Teaching Graduate 
program at the Madison campus. 

In Order to have the library ade- 
quate in future years to meet student 
demands, more reference material in 
all fields is required. 

Dr. Sammartino Named 
President of lAUP 

Dr. Peter Sammartino, president of 
Fairleigh Dickinson University, has 
been chosen president of the Inter- 
national Association of University 
Presidents. The Association has over 
200 members in 49 countries. 

Page 3 

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Rotary completes 
drive to support 
International House 

The Rotary Clubs in Bergen, Pas- 
saic and Hudson Counties which make 
up District 749, Rotary International 
completed a twenty-five thousand 
dollar fund raising campaign to assist 
in the support of International House 
on the Teaneck Campus. The clubs 
presented a check for that amount to 
the University at the district Confer- 
ence in the Grand Bahamas, April 22- 
26, 1965. Dean Marinus Galanti of the 
Teaneck Campus represented the Uni- 
versity at the Conference. 

International House, a former resi- 
dence, serves as a home for foreign 
students and a few selected American 
students at the Teaneck Campus. Vis- 
iting Professors from throughout the 
World also reside here. The House is 
a living example of international un- 

This dramatic, circular-shaped building will provide the Rutherford Campus 
with urgently needed classrooms, laboratories, and lecture hall facilities. 

Wroxton College 

(conümied from page 1) 

Simultaneously with the dedication, 
Fairleigh Dickinson University will 
Sponsor a three-day international Con- 
ference at nearby Oxford. The subject 
of the Conference is "What Are the 
Common Elements of a University 
Education in All the Countries of the 

Among the scheduled Speakers are 
Dr. Arnold Toynbee, historian; Dr. 
Carlos P. Romulo, President, Univer- 
sity of the Philippines; Dr. Jaime 
Benitez, chancellor, University of 
Puerto Rico; Morris 0. Barr, interna- 
tional chairman, English-Speaking 
Union; Dr. Cleanth Brooks, cultural 
attache, United States Embassy, Lon- 
don; Dr. Rochefort E. Weeks, Presi- 
dent, University of Liberia; Lady 
Barbara Ward Jackson, author; Sir 
John Fulton, vice-chancellor, Univer- 
sity of Sussex; A. L. P. Norrington, 
President, Trinity College, Oxford. 

Classroom Building 

(continued from page 1) 

estimated cost of $1,307,000 must come 
from University sources. 

This building will fill an urgent 
need for instructional facilities for 
both day and evening sessions. 

It will also help to free other space 
on campus for use as offices by the 
faculty and for Student activities. 

The University 's plans for the new 
classroom building are now being 
reviewed by the appropriate govern- 
ment agency after which public bids 
for construction will be sought. 

Justice Douglas Speaks 

Justice William O. Douglas of the 
United States Supreme Court recently 
addressed a standing-room-only Stu- 
dent audience at the Teaneck Campus. 
Justice Douglas reviewed the history 
of the United States Supreme Court 
and discussed conflicts between the 
States and the federal government. 

Page 4 



Vol. 1, No. 1 June 1965 


Hailed ''Active Participants in Progress'' 

First Members of Newly Created President's Council 
of FDU Welcomed at Gala Installation Dinner 



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Twelve prominent business men, 
hailed as "active participants in pro- 
gress" by former Governor Robert B. 
Meyner, were welcomed into the 
University family as the first members 
of the newly created President's 
Council of Fairleigh Dickinson Uni- 
versity at a gala Installation dinner 
held April 29 at the Areola Country 
Club, Paramus. 

In addition to Governor Meyner, 
President Peter Sammartino, and 
Trustees Fairleigh S. Dickinson, Jr., 
and Samuel J. Silberman spoke to the 
gathering of nearly one hundred 

Meeting periodically with Dr. Sam- 
martino, the University's chief execu- 
tive, members of the President's 
Council will explore ways of meeting 
the critical educational needs of the 
increasing population of the metro- 
politan New Jersey-New York area. 

"Great universities," Governor Mey- 
ner told the group, "need the guiding 
thoughts and actions of responsible 
men from the Community. 

*'Now the academic home of almost 
seventeen thousand students on four 
New Jersey campuses, and the na- 




tion's tenth largest private University, 
Fairleigh Dickinson continues to 
serve the educational needs of the 
world's largest metropolitan popula- 
tion concentration." 

Governor Meyner continued, "I also 
think that all of us must realize that 
education is the method by which we 
in a democracy get our leaders." 

In concluding his comments Gov- 
ernor Meyner stated, "This is a 
tremendous enterprise. It has gone 
well, but it only will continue well 
if all of US are willing to assume our 
responsibility as Community leaders 
in trying to build a great Institution." 

Mr. Dickinson, who served as chair- 
man for the University's Committee 
on the Future, commented on the 
work of that committee. The com- 
mittee, comprised of 70 administrators 
and faculty made a two-year study of 

(continued on other side) 






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Fairleigh Dickinson University. Fol- 
lüwing this investigation, thc group 
piojccted thc needs and futuic course 
of the University. 

Said Mr. Dickinson, "Now in thc 
Committee of the Future we decmed 
il to be cur duty to build a University 
dedicated to the excellence of the 
whole Society. I think it was the 
sense of these dedicated people who 
work for this University, that thcre 
is much yet to be done but the doing 
is going to be worth the while." 

Mr. Silberman, w^ho also was a very 
active participant in the work done 
by Committee on the Future, spoke 
on the positive action needed to turn 
the Committee's dreams for Fairleigh 
Dickinson University into realities. 

Mr. Silberman stated that the mis- 
sion of this University is to make the 
future Citizens of this area of the 
United States a worthwhile, educated 

He Ihen enumerated the thrce com- 
ponents of a University. 

"You need facilities, you need fac- 
ulty and administrators, and you need 
students. Now facilities mean build- 
ings, faculty and administrators mean 
cndowment, and the kind of students 


you hope to have mean scholarships. 
And you can theorize all you will, 
these are the direct lines between 
what you require in the way of basic 
needs for a University and the means 
to implement it." 

Mr. Silberman continued, "If we're 
to be a truly private Institution, we 
need the private enthusiasm, the in- 
dividual communal person to say we 
are important, that you matter to 
US, and that without you, we as a 
Community are not as good a society." 

Dr. Sammartino presented certifi- 
cates to the members of the Pres- 
ident's Council and served as master 
of ceremonies. 






■ .'/^ 



Sculpture by Mrs. Erna Weil! 

By ■ 



'To kill children, to bomb a church, that is the utmost in crime. 
There is nothing holy anymore." This is how Mrs. Erna Weill, a New 
Jersey artist described the feding which moved her to create her sculpture, 
Mothers of Birmingham, 

The bronze was exhibited at the New York World's Fair in the New 
Jersey Pavillion. It was on loan from Fairleigh Dickinson University, Tea- 



neck, N. J., which this year acquired the work to display in the University 

Four mourning figures twisted with anguish are shown related to 
each other but each standing alone. "I wanted the figures together 
but each very lonely, "Mrs. Weill explained. The piece, which is in dark 
bronze with golden highlights is 18 inches high and 45 inches wide. 

A native of Germany, Mrs. Weill came to the United States in 1937, 
a refugee from the Nazis. Her work has included portrait busts (Leonard 
Bernstein, Rudolph Serkin, Franklin D. Roosevelt), works based on themes 
from the Old Testament, as well as architectural sculpture and sculpture 
of various non-religious subjects. A devout Jew, she has also created many 
Jewish ceremonial objects and decorations for synagogues. 

When Dr. Peter Sammartino, president of Fairleigh Dickinson, offered 
to buy Mothers of Birmingham, Mrs. Weill decided instead to give it as a 
gift, asking the University only to pay foundry costs. "I found it repul- 
sive to make money out of this tragedy." 

In a formal presentation of the sculpture to the University, Mrs. Weill 
Said, "Out of horror at cruelty, out of compassion for the suflering this 
sculpture was born. I fervently hope this sculpture may spark compassion, 
love and understanding." 

Erna Weill is now working on a group in memory of James Chaney, 
Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, the three civil rights workers 
killed in Philadelphia, Miss. No, she said, she had not expected to do an- 
other sculpture related to the civil rights struggle but once more she was 
so moved by the event she feit she had to do something. "We must all do 
something for this cause in cur own way. This is my way." 


In the October issue of Seventeen 
NAACP Executive Director Wilkins 
praises the civil rights zeal of teen- 
agers. They have, he writes, sparked 
the modern drive for human rights. 
They are "the new breed" of Ameri- 
cans who take their Americanism 
seriously. They know that racism 
laps at the doorstep of everything 
they and their country hold dear, he 

"This young army," Mr. Wilkins 

OCTOBER, 1965 

continues, "is marked by study and 
questioning, by dedicated conviction 
and action. Teen-agers saw a wrong 
and worked at righting it. . . . " 
White young people have joined 
Negro youth in questioning what 
has been routine procedure, he 
points out, and when the sit-ins be- 
gan in the late fifties, "white teen- 
agers were ready for more than de- 
bate. To the consternation and dis- 
may of southern whites and to the 
apprehension and pride of northern- 

^'Mte of all his individua":""*'««»-" 




Can the schools re§pond1 








%«^^ ^ 

*'The Mothers of Bir- 
xnson univeniiy 

New Jersey Education Association / May 1969 

tt lMoMvX»- 

■'>■•-■■»■■■' I 


Hephuni Hall 


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lA/ide ^etectlon ol L^i 


For Summer Catalog, write: 

Director of Summer Sessions 
Jersey City State College 
2039 Kennedy BIvd. 
JerseyCity, N.J. 07305 



MAY, 1969 

Copyright 1969 
hy the New Jersey Education Association 

14 Seif Image 

17 Look That Up in Your Funk and Wagnalls 

18 The Black Agenda 

20 Making a Success Out of Fallure 

20 Criferia for Retention 

22 Kindergarten Curriculum 

24 Agony of the Cities 

30 Quality Education and Size 

32 The Mancuso Report 

36 Watching the Cookie Crumble 

In Everv Issue 

4 The Morning Post 

6 Dateiine 

10 Bookviews 

12 Curriculum Frontiers 

28 Capital Outlook 

38 Sussex to Cape May 

42 IMJEA Research 

43 Yours for the Asking 

44 Instructional Material Clips 
48 Editoriais 

^Asso7ia,e EdUor W. N^RMrCmn^"'' 

Contributins Editors . SonIT S^^s^ 

CuRTis G. Weeden 

MEMBERSHIP-Annual dues »r« ton t^ 

on HJ. public sXoTstaffsl \\ 7*°«'a»« members (others 

el}gibleforfSl7ac?ivrm;mÄ!"*'*'i°'*»°"*^ *=«"«8" «^e 

iT^ /rÄvrer^^in^re-coÄl^^^ ^^^ 

/warket St., San Franc sco, Callf 94m. 3Afin w:i.l- bi ^ 

Telephonr%09) 599.'45ÖK * ^'" ^''^"**'"' N-J- O^^OÖ' 

EDITORIAL COMMITTEE-ChaIrman Alice P«rl«w aa j- 
Eugene J. Bradford, Caldwell-Wp C^llXe^ll^'^^^Jn^iÄ 

«11' d'J°'"®''='"''9' Jo'^" Gilles- 

A ?3'.^''"'?f*5L"' Raymond Hoch, 

/\ Ridgewood; George Ingenbrandt, 

W ^«•^f«'' County Community Col- 

Tw«' t'V l^^^'^an, Holmdel 

r w p ; Peter Keating, Student 

NJEA; James Pettegrove, Mont- 

clair S.C.; Mrs. Ruth Schumacher, 

pSte"r1on'**° ' ^''*®'°"*' Williams, 

Member of Educational Pres", Wof America 

MAY, 1969 

S teerin ff JVEA . . . 

Participants at thi$ year's NEA Convention will wrestle with major 
issues that touch every educator in this nation: guaranteeing teacher 
rights, encouraging educational Innovation, strengthening negotia- 
tions, improving human relations, and expanding federal aid. 

And so, New Jersey leachers have a critical role to play June 30- 
July 5. They must be sure their voice is clearly heard at official 
sessions of the NEA Representative Assembly, at caucuses, and in 
Convention corridors on how professional associations confront 
these issues. For New Jersey is looked to as a pacesetting State in 
teacher strength, in teacher rights, and in teacher Performance. 

ThIs year every New Jersey local association has a unique oppor- 
tunity and responsibility to send its delegates to neighboring 
Philadelphia. Individual teachers will also find it convenient and 
rewardmg to participate at State delegation meetings, witness Con- 
vention floor action, and attend many professional events durine the 
week. * 

But, after policy-making sessions end in Philadelphia, it will be 
NEA's elected officials who carry the responsibility of steering the 
United Teaching Profession. New Jersey is pressing the candidacy 
of Mrs. Elizabeth McGonigle, NJEA's immediate past-president 
for election to the NEA Executive Committee. 

In New Jersey, Libby McGonigle is known as "the decisive teacher" 
for the leadership she is providing the profession. It's the kind of 
decisiveness and leadership that all New Jersey teachers have to 
ofler. It's the kind of leadership that will serve well all the children 
and educators of this land. 

President, NJEA 




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Capital Stock Company not affiliated with U.S. Government 

New Jersey Education Association 

180 West State St., Trenton, N.J. 08608 
Telephone: (609) 599-4561 


George A. Springer, Beach Haven 


Mrs. Franc ts M. Carnochan, Trenton H.S. 


Warren D. Cummings, Newton H.S. 


Atlantic: FREDERICK J. Needham Bergen: Deual 
C. Rice Burlington: Laura L. Lewis Cantden: 
Martin Kendall Cape May: Mrs. Ione 
LeMunyon Cumberland: Edward Mokrynski 
Essex: Malcolm U. McClinchie Gloucester: 
Thomas W. Montgomery Hudson: Alan P. 
Edwards Hunterdon: Carmen A. Centrella 
Mercer: Earl L. Murphy Middlesex: Mrs. Alice 
B. Kerr Monmouth: Mrs. Erma B. Dorrer 
Morris: Mrs. Madalyn M. Fick Ocean: Charles 
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Dr. James M. Lynch, Jr., Glassboio S.C. 

Everett C. Curry, Middletown Twp. 


Dr. Frederick L. Hipp Executive Secretary 

Public Reiations 

Lewis R. Applegate ^ ^. ^ ^'>?^^^'' 

William D. Hayward Coord., Higher Lduc. 

John C. Shagg Field Kep., Membership 

Allen T. McQuarrie, Jr. Field Kep., Leaderslup 


S. Herbert Starkey Director 

Paul M. Muller Assuciate Director 

Raymond M. Beechncr Associate Director 

Morton Reinhart Assoc. Dir., Insurance & 


Mrs. Rose DiCanzio Research Asst. 


MarvinR. Reed ^ ^.^''i''''' 

Donald S. Rosser Assoc. Dir., Press 

Norman Goldman ^"^'/.-.^''"''i^' '^,f,^r,^ 

Curtis G. Weeden . Asst. Editor, REI^ORILR 


Walter J. O'Brien Director 

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Jack J. Bertülino Director 

John R. Piclrowicz Field Representativc 

Region 1— AtlantiC; Burlington, Camden, Cape 
May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties 

209-213 Bellevue Ave. 

Hammonton. N.J. 08037 (609) 561-3330 

Eugene J. Sharp Field Representativc 

James R. George, Jr Field Representativc 

Region 2 — Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean 


3200 Sunset Ave. Wanamassa 

Asbury Park, N.J. 07712 (201) 775-3828 

Hayden L. Messner, Jr Field Representativc 

John A. Molloy Field Representativc 

Region 3 — Hunterdon, Mercer, Somerset, and 

Warren Counties 

NJEA Headquarters (609) 599-4561 

Charles F. Love Field Representativc 

Region 4 — Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Union 


449 Mt. Pleasant Avt. 

West Orange, N.J. 07050 (201) 736-3737 

William J. Flynn Field Representativc 

Frederick E. Gould Field Representativc 

Region 5— Bergen, Hudson, and Passaic Counties 

10 Stuyvesant Ave. 

Lyndhurst. N.J. 07070 (201) 933-9410 

Arthur P. Mildner Field Representativc 

Thomas M. Forbes Field Representativc 

John E. Bartley Business Manager 




Virginia D. Yates 

Reading Consultant 
Metropolitan Junior College 
Kansas City, Missouri 

Dr. Paul E. Stanton 

Reading Laboratory 
School of Educotion 
University of Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

James M. Sawyer 

Program Ässociate 
Learning Institute of 
North Carolina 
Durham, N.C. 


MAY, 1969 

Must Not Kid Ourselves . . . 






Teachers are their own worst enemies. 
But, they have plenty of others. Often the 
enemies are some of the teachers them- 
selves. Sometimes, they are people who 
think they are the teachers* friends. 

We must not kid ourselves about our 
opponents. They don't want to pay us any 
more. There are many reasons for this. One 
is a very human one: They are getting a 
bargain and they want to go on getting it. 
Some simply don't know any more about 
teaching than they knew when they were 
children in school. 

Others are victims of the Propaganda of 
their own professions and current cliches 
about the relative value and diflficulty of 
various other lines of work. They really 
believe that a good doctor is better than a 
good teacher. They really believe that busi- 
ness men are more "business-like" than 
teachers. They really think that good law- 
yers are better trained (educated) than 
good teachers. And in regard to working 
conditions, many really believe that teach- 
ers have vacations, rather than lay-offs, and 
that teaching other people's children for 
35 years is an unmixed "satisfaction." 

Finally, all of these types get a boost 
from some teachers themselves. First, there 
is the teacher who opposes any constructive 
action by hiding behind "We're profession- 
al!" Very often, if this kind of teacher 
were asked what he means by the State- 
ment, he would be hard-put to reply. 

Secondly, there is the teacher who says, 
"We must think of the children." Of course, 
we must think of the children. In fact, in 
Order for the teacher to think of the 
children, he must think of himself. He must 
make sure that he is paid well enough 
and that educational conditions are good 
enough that he can think only of the 

Thirdly, another destructive teacher is 
the one who says, "We really aren't as well 
trained (educated) as we ought to be!" 
Answer: Educate yourself or get out of it; 
you're a drag on the profession. 

Finally, there is the teacher who says, "I 
Started at twelve hundred a year!" Answer: 
The fact that you have tolerated intolerable 
salaries and working conditions for so long 
has not helped the profession. It has not 
helped the children. It has not helped you. 

We will get respect when we learn to 
deal more effectively with those — including 
those in our own profession — who, for one 
reason or another, fall to put a proper 
value on our work — and thereby fail to 
put a proper value on our children. 

Okey E. Chenoweth, Oakland 

Longer Than the Longest . . . 

Dr. Krech's article, "Better Learning 
Through Chemistry?" (April Review), was 
of great interest to me. Since I am particu- 
larly interested in language arts, I was in- 
trigued by Dr. Krech*s theory that better 
insight into the human learning process 
may be developed through scientific inves- 
tigation of man's unique power to speak 

I was further intrigued by the word 
"psychoneurobiochemopharmacopia." It is 
longer than "antidisestablishmentarianism," 
the longest non-scientific word in our lang- 
uage. If the aforementioned word is con- 
sidered scientific, Dr. Krech still came up 
with "psychoneurobiochemeducator" which 
is of equal length and probably non- 

It seemed fitting that such a word should 
occur in an article that puts such emphasis 
on language. 

JESSIE Lang, Kearny 



Open Wider the Door . . . 

In your April editorial, you comment of 
the failure of New Jersey to consider the 
plight of the increasing number of high 
school graduates who seek higher education 
in this State. 

All reports and studies of the last decade 
as they came from the N.J. State Depart- 
ment of Education, warned us of the en- 
rollment burdens that would be placed 
upon the Colleges, as larger numbers of 
high school graduates sought higher edu- 
cation benefits, and as our nation moved 
inexorably toward a much higher degree 
of "universal" higher education. To my dis- 
may, however, our State has increasingly 
adapted and practiced an elitist philosophy, 
taking seeming delight in always-greater 
rejection rates. 

Your editorial is one of the first positive 
Steps the teaching profession has taken to 
remedy the Situation. I trust that NJEA 
will continue its efforts to "open wider" the 
College door. 

Thomas E. Robinson, chairman 
department of secondary education 
Rider College 

Finds Exam Ridiculous . . . 

I am a teacher in the Newark Public 
Schools and, as others in the system, am 
required to take the National Teachers 

Today, (April 12) I finished this unique 
requirement by taking my area exam in art 
education. To me, it turned out to be one 
of the most ridiculous examinations that I 
have ever taken, barring none. It is plainly 
visible to reason why more and more school 
Systems are doing away with this require- 
ment in employing teachers. 

In art education, for example, the 145 
questions in the examination (mostly mul- 
tiple choice), dealt primarily on the psy- 
chology of teaching, with a smattering of 
questions pertaining to "which mixture can 
be molded easier: salt, flour or water?]' 

No questions were asked on the history 
of art, which spans 8,000 years of art from 
Sumeria, Egypt, Crete, Greece, Roman, 
Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance up to 
modern art. Five or six pictures were asked 
for Identification, and they were the works 
of Picasso, Klee, Drurer, Braque, and 
Matisse. Architecture, drama, painting, 
drawing and art history seemed to have 
been discarded in this examination for the 
teaching of the psychologists. 

Whether I pass this examination or not 
is beside the point. I can teach art educa- 
tion without the graces of those people in 
Princeton. However, I sincerely wish that 
art educators were employed in the makeup 
of these exams for the good of all art 
teachers in the future. 

Paul S. Bundy, Newark 

For Year-Round Contracts . . 

Each July and August teachers are forced 
to work as waitresses, secretaries, gas Sta- 
tion attendants, and at a number of other 
tasks not suited to their capabilities or 

Each year a number of these professional 
personnel never return to teaching. In some 
cases, teachers find their positions less sat- 
isfactory from a monetary Standpoint. But, 
they also may find these Jobs offer less pres- 
sure than teaching and, therefore, they re- 
main in these positions. 

In many other instances, teachers make 
more money in their summer positions than 
they do in teaching. These people may find 
it more satisfactory from a monetary stand- 
point to remain in these positions. 

Why this waste of talent? 

Some Systems hire a few of their teach- 
ers on a year-round basis for curriculum 
work. A far greater number, however, do 
not utilize their staffs at all during the 
summer months. 

Teachers should be used to do the Jobs 
for which they were trained. Every school 
desires to have curriculum changed, study 
guides developed, and material centers 
formed. The golden opportunity to com- 
plete these tasks comes when teachers are 
not involved with parents, children, and 
other duties which detract from their en- 
thusiasm for working on these areas during 
the year. 

I feel a year-round contract, similar to 
the contract administrators are given, 
should be oflfered to teachers who evidence 
the types of talent we wish to develop dur- 
ing the summer period. Part-time utiliza- 
tion of the engineering staff at Cape Ken- 
nedy or part-time use of the medical staflf 
in a hospital would never be tolerated in 
our Society today. But, this misuse of teach- 
ing talent is acceptable. Why is this so in 
our eflficient, technological society? 

A move in this direction would cost 
money and would tax the talents of our 
school administrators to plan for summer 
participation. However, the returns for the 
amount of money invested would be mani- 
fold, and would result in superior educa- 
tional opportunities for our children. 

I hope somewhere there are people of 
Vision who will teil parents that a fine edu- 
cation costs money and that second-hand 
educational thinking generally results in 
second-hand education for our children. 

William R. McGrath, Marlton 

What Makes Men Good . . . 

The alarming number of today's students 
who choose to physically drop out of soci- 
ety is augmented by an even larger group of 
"mental dropouts." These are the coundess 
number of students who wander aimlessly 
through school — and through life — and 
stand in testimony to the fact that our insti- 
tutions, particularly the schools, have failed 
to provide these students with a sense of 
purpose and commitment. 

Educators have consistently looked upon 
the Student as an organism responding to a 


Stimulus. Enrich the educational experlences 
of the Student, they said, and you will cap- 
ture his interest. Scant attention was paid 
to drawing on the well of internal motiva- 
tion which is latent in every human being. 
The search for new and better ways to 
motivate students has resulted in countless 
new educational materials and techniques. 
But, it has not begun to solve the problem. 
Another attempt at external motivation 
was to convince students that a good school 
record offers the only chance for economic 
security. This gambit has met with some 
siiccess. But, it is an empty victory. Empha- 
sis on economic advantages of an education 
has virtually eliminated other values of edu- 
cation in the eyes of many students. Sub- 
jects for which students can find no prac- 
tica! value are considered worthless and a 
waste of time. 

We have thought of the Student as a com- 
ponent in a stimulus-response mechanism. 
We have failed to realize that human beings 
need strong compelling reasons to work 
hard and do not respond as mere mechani- 
cal entities. No Student will learn well un- 
less he is strongly motivated from within. 

Many students reach their high school 
years with no fundamental value system by 
which to judge who they are, what they are, 
and what should be their relationships and 
responsibilities toward God and man. A Stu- 
dent who does not have at least a tentative 
answer to these questions will find school, 
as well as life itself, rather meaningless. He 
will have no internal motivation. 

The public schools must find some forum 
through which questions concerning the na- 
ture of man, the meaning of life, and the 
essence of being an American can be dis- 
cussed fruitfully. Many of the topics which 
could contribute most to the student's un- 
derstanding of our heritage and values are 
the very subjects which are discussed the 
least. In an effort to treat all value Systems 
impartially, we are choosing to ignore them 
all equally. Unless the schools can find 
some meaningful manner of transmitting 
our basic cultural heritage and values, there 
will continue to be a legion of students who 
remain indifferent. 

Our country's future requires that we 
produce Citizens who exhibit strong charac- 
ter, a sense of purpose, and a dedication to 
our heritage and values. We cannot afford 
to judge our educational accomplishments 
solely in terms of the number of students 
who complete high school. The public 
schools must not content themselves with 
merely producing informed men or skilled 
men or even well-adjusted men. Aristotle 
Said that education is what makes men 
good. The public schools can settle for no 
less a goal. 

Richard P. McAdams, Cherry Hill 

Beware Teachers & Fathers . . . 

Yesterday, in my third grade class, wc 
did an arithmetic lesson on the use of the 

During the course of the lesson, I asked 
the children what day June 22, 1969 was. 
On the calendar you distribute to New Jer- 
sey teachers, Father's Day was listed as 
June 22. To my surprise, all the children's 
calendars, which they brought from home, 
had it listed as June 15. 

I checked and rechecked several other 
sources, and found your calendar to be in 
error. Tis true, no one is perfect, — but 
when you try to instill in children to check 
and double-check their work, there's a bit 
of explaining to do. 

Ruth Sommer, Westwood 

Tis true. Father's Day is June 15. We apol- 
ogize to all teachers — and fathers, too. 

NJEA for Summer adventure 

• • 

HAWAII (includes Las Vegas & San Francisco) 

Complete je! charter tour: 3 days & nights in 
Las Vegas; 3 days & nights in San Francisco; 
the rest of your 14-day vacation in Hawaii. 
Includes: transportation to Las Vegas, Honolulu, 
San Francisco, and return; all meals in flight; 
hotel accommodations; Sightseeing in Hawaii; 
Flamingo Hotel, 8 meals, plus extras in Las 

D iuly 6-20 fr. New York $499 

DJuly 13-27 fr. Chicago $477 

D July 20.Aug. 3 fr. New York $499 

D July 27.Aug. 10 fr. Indianapolis $477 

D Aug. 3-17 fr. New York $499 

COMPLETE TOURS (a partial listing of more than 
90 NEA tours) 

D Europe, for Art 

Educators (credit) 7/1-8/11 $11 67 

DEuropean Panorama 


6/30- 8/6 $1235 { 

D Europe, with 

D Europe, with the 
Iberian Peninsula 

D Europe, with Ireland 
and Britaln 

D Europe, Major 

D Europe, Major CHIes 


6/22 . 8/4 

6/23 - 8/7 


D European Phofography 

Tour (credit) 7/20-8/11 $978 

D British Isles, LIterary 

Tour (credit) 6/30-7/28 $1033 

D Seminar in European and 
American Government 
(credit) 6/29-7/28 $1125 

(from Wash., D.C., return to N.Y.) 

D Scandinavian 

Highlights 6/24-7/30 $1535 

D Scandinavian 

Highlights (credit) 7/1-8/6 $1598 

JET FLIGHTS TO EUROPE (roundtrip transportation 
only—departs JFK Äirport, N.Y.) 



6/29- 8/7 $1250 
7/6- 8/14 

6/23 • 7/30 
6/30 • 8/6 


7/23-8/14 $1030 

DJune 23Aug. 21 
D June 28Aug. 20 
D June 30Aug. 28 
DJuly lAug. 19 
D July 229 
D July 3-29 
D July 330 
DJuly 11 Aug. 16 
D Aug. 5-30 

From Phlla. 
D July 9.Aug. 2 










Amsterdam FILLED 


' Waiting List Available on Filied Flights 
Price varies from $213 to $247 

OH JET FLIGHTS: Call NJEA Trenton (609) 5994561 for lastminufe cancellations. 
For complete Information, check the fravel program of your choice and mail. 




Mail this ad to: 

NJEA-NEA Travel Service 
180 West State St 
Trenton, N.J. 08608 

zip Code 

Teachers Travel with NJEA- NEA 

Tht only trav«l program officially tpontored by your NJEA. 


MAY, 1969 

! ! 








A Testimonial Dinner for George A. 

Springer, NJEA President, will be held at 
the Robin Hood Inn, Valley Rd., Clifton, 
on Thursday (6:30 p.m.), May 8. 

Tlie N.J. Assn. of Teacliers of English is 

Sponsoring a Conference for chairmen and 
Supervisors on "Teaching Basic Skills to the 
Disadvantaged" at Drew Univefsity on 
Friday (9:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m.), May 9. 

Tiie N.J. Library Assn. will hold its all-day 
spring Conference at the Marriott Motor 
Hotel, Saddle Brook, on Saturday (9:00 
a.m.), May 17. 

The NJEA Delegate Assembly will meet at 
the Brunswick Inn, East Brunswick, on 
Saturday (9:30 a.m.), May 17. 

The N.J. Assn. of Teachers of English will 
hold an English-language arts Conference at 
Jersey City S.C. on Saturday (9:00 a.m.- 
3:00 p.m.), May 17. 

The National Congress of Parents and 
Teachers will hold its Convention in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, May 18-21. 

The Department of Elementary School 
Principals, NJEA will Sponsor a Conference 
with the theme: "Scanning New Frontiers 
in Elementary Education" at the Dennis 
Hotel, Atlantic City, May 26-27. 

The N.J. Assn. of Classroom Teachers will 
hold its annual meeting and spring luncheon 
at the Shadowbrook, New Shrewsbury, on 
Saturday (12:30 p.m.), June 7. 

The American Home Economics Assn. will 
hold its annual meeting in Boston, Mass., 
June 23-26. 

The NEA Department of Eiementary-Kin- 
dergarten-Nursery Education will hold its 
Conference on "Continuity in Children's 
Learning" at the Statler-Hilton Hotel, 
Washington, D.C., June 25-28. 

The National Education Assn. will hold its 
annual Convention in Philadelphia, Penna., 
June 30-July 5. 

The National Audio- Visual Assn. will hold 
its annual Convention at the Conrad Hilton, 
Chicago, 111., July 19-22. 

The Assn. for Student Teaching will hold 
its annual summer Workshop at Indiana 
University, Bloomington, Ind., Aug. 10-15. 

The American Management Assn. will hold 
its annual Conference and exposition on 
education and training at the New York 
Hilton, New York City, Aug. 12-14. 

The American Driver & Traffic Safety Edu- 
cation Assn. will hold its Convention at 
Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, 
Mich., Aug. 19-22. 


The Review is pleased to list summer Ses- 
sion registration dates for teachers who are 
planning to enroll in graduate and extension 
programs at New Jersey and neighboring 

Bank Street College of Education 

June 24 & 25 (4:00-8:00 p.m.) 


NEA in Phita. 
dune SO-duiy 5 

Bloomfield College 

First Session: 

June 2-11 (9:00 a.m.- 12:00 noon & 6:00- 

9:00 p.m.) 
Second Session: 

July 14-23 (9:00 a.m.- 12:00 noon & 6:00- 

9:00 p.m.) 

Fairleigh Dickinson University 

First Session: 

June 5 at Rutherford (6:00-9:00 p.m.) 

June 2 & 3 at Madison 
Second Session: 

July 17 at Rutherford (6:00-9:00 p.m.) 

July 17 at Madison 

Glassboro State College 

June 17 (9:00-11:00 a.m. & 1:00-6:00 

Jersey City State College 

Degree Students 

June 2 & 4 (3:00-7:00 p.m.) 
Non-degree, non-classified, & certificate 


June 5 (3:00-7:00 p.m.) & 

June 6 (2:00-5:00 p.m.) 

Monmouth College 

Sessions I & II: 

June 9 (9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. & 6:00-7:00 

Sessions III & IV: 

June 30 (9:30 a.m.-3:30 p.m. & 6:00-7:00 

Session V: 

July 1 (12:30-3:30 p.m. & 6:00-7:00 p.m.) 
Session VI: 

Aug. 8 (12:30-3:30 p.m. & 6:00-7:00 p.m.) 

Montclair State College 

Matriculated students 

June 26 (5:00-8:00 p.m.) 
Certification students, previously registered 

working toward first certificate to teach 

June 26 (5:00-8:00 p.m.) 
Certification students, registering for first 

time working toward first certificate to 


June 26 (5:00-8:00 p.m.) 
Pre-matriculated students 

June 26 (6:00-8:00 p.m.) 
Special students (beyond A.M., non-matric- 

ulated students, special interest, auditors, 

endorsements on original certificates, out- 

of-state certification, & advanced certifi- 

June 27 (5:00-8:00 p.m.) 
Late registration 

June 30(1:00-3:00 p.m.) 

New York University 

June 9, 27, July 18, & Aug. 9 (9:00 a.m.- 
4:00 p.m.) 

Newark College of Engineering 

June 6 (6:00-8:00 p.m.) 

Newark State College 

Public School Personnel & Matriculated 


June 23 (1:00-5:00 p.m.) 
Students with B.A.s (non-matriculated) 

June 24 (1:00-5:00 p.m.) 
Late registration 

June 26 (1:00-3:00 p.m.) 

Paterson State College 

June 24 (3:30-7:30 p.m.) 

Rider College 

June 27 (9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.) 

Rutgers, The State University 

June 6-20 (8:30 a.m.-12:00 noon & 1:00- 
4:30 p.m.) 
Late registration 
June 20-26 (8:30 a.m.- 12:00 noon & 1:00- 
4:30 p.m.) 

Seton Hall University 

June 23 & 24 (1:30-4:00 p.m.) 

June 25, 26 & 27 (1:30-7:30 p.m.), & 

June 28 (9:30-1 1:30 a.m.) 

Temple University 

First Session: 

May 15 & 16 (9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.) 
Late Registration 

May 19, 20, & 21 
Second Session: 

June 27 (9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.) & 

June 28 (9:00-1 1:00 a.m.) 
Late Registration 

June 30, July 1, & 2 
Third Session: 

Aug. 8 & 9 (9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.) 
Late Registration 

Aug. 11, 12, & 13 

Trenton State College 

Matriculated students & students applying 
for matriculation to a graduate program 
June 20 (5:00-8:00 p.m.) & 
June 21 (9:00 a.m.- 12:00 noon) 

Students not enrolled in a graduate program 
June 23 (9:00 a.m.-12:00 noon, 1:00-4:00 
p.m. & 6:00-8:00 p.m.) 

University of Pennsylvania 

Second Session: 

Through June 27 (Mon.-Fri. 9:00 a.m.- 
4:30 p.m.) 

Upsala College 

First Session: 

June 9 (9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.) 
Second Session: 

July 21 (9:00 a.m.-2:00 p.m.) 

Yeshiva University, Ferkauf Graduate 

Degree Students 

June 30 (10:00 a.m.- 1:00 p.m. & 2:00- 

5:00 p.m.) 
General registration for all students 

July 1 & 2 (10:00 a.m.-l:00 p.m. & 2:00- 

5:00 p.m.) 


Tomorrow!s way? 

At Public Service, we 

f • 

to serve you better. 

Public Service now uses the most 
advanced computer-directed 
control System in the electric Utility 
industry. Information from distant 
stations is transmitted instantly to 
a Single control center where it is 
displayed on a TV screen. The 
Computer continuously checks all 
key points in cur operating 

territory. It can warn us in advance 
about Potential problems and 
recommend immediate Solutions. 

The use of these modern Computer 
techniques and equipment is just 
part of our effort to give you better, 
more reliable electric service at the 
Iowest possible cost. 



MAY, 1969 







When it's least expected disability may 
strike. To help members face the added 
expense of unexpected disabilities, NJEA 
makes available the NJEA Group Income 
Protection Plan. 

For Enrollment Informahon, Wnte: 

Special Office for New Jersey Teachers 

Washington National Insurance Co. 

44 Glenwood Avenue 
Eost Orange, New Jersey 07017 

Washington National 










Well-known prestige Company accepting 

applications for local (New Jersey) 

Summer employment. 

Weekly salary of $100 or more 
depending upon qualifications 

For interview, please write to: 
Mr. L. J. Bullard, c/o Box 211, NJEA REVIEW, 
180 W. State St., Trenton, N.J. 08608 



The McCaHer Theatre of Princeton Univer- 

sity is currently selecting a series of student 

matinees for the 1969-70 school year for 

high school and College groups from the fol- 

lowing titles: 

"The Firebußs" 

"Of Mice and Men" 


"Arms and the Man" 


"Ah Wilderness" 

"Troilus and Cressida" 

"Much Ado About Nothing" 

"Antony and Cleopatra" 

"The Way of the World" 

"The School for Scandal" 

All Student tickets are $2.00. Chaperones are ad- 
mitted free. Tickets and Information may be 
ohtained from: McCarter Theatre, Box 526, Prince- 
ton. N.J. 0H540, or telephone Mrs. James Graham 
at (609) 921-7566. 

The Paper Mill Playhouse, Millburn, will 
present a program for young people next 
month. One chaperone for every 20 students 
is admitted free. 
"Musical Theatre for Children" (K-5) 10:00 

a.m. & 1:00 p.m., June 5. 
Ticket prices are varied. For further Information, 
please contact: Hilda Schwarz, Sales Manager, 
Paper Mill Playhouse, Millburn, N.J. (201) 
DR 9-3636 

The Garden State Arts Center, located at 

Telegraph Hill Park on the Garden State 

Parkway, will present a series of free con- 

certs for students and their teachers. 

Alice Condodina Dance Company (9-12) 

10:00 a.m. Sc 12:30 p.m., May 15. 

The Beers in Americana Folk Songs (1-12) 

10:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m., May 16. 

Kaleidoscope Dance Company (5-9) 10:30 

a.m. & 12:30 p.m., May 19. 

Columbus Boy Choir Concert (1-12) 10:30 

a.m. & 12:30 p.m., May 20. 

"Magic Flute" (1-8) 10:30 a.m. & 12:30 

p.m., May 21. 

"Box of Tears" (K-8) 10:30 a.m. & 12:30 

p.m., May 22. 

"Babu" (K-8) 10:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m., 

May 23. 

"Young Martin Luther King" (K-4) 10:30 

a.m. & 12:30 p.m., May 26. 

"Pagliacci" (6-12) 10:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m., 

May 27. 

The Youngtimers (1-12) 10:30 a.m. & 

12:30 p.m., May 28, 29. 

Reservations and Information may be obtained 
from: Garden State Arts Center, P.O. Box 116, 
Holmdel, N.J. 07733, or telephone Clinton C. 
Crocker at (201) 264-8600. 


Programs at the State Museum Auditorium, West 
State St., Trenton, are scheduled for approximately 
one hour in length. The Auditorium seats 416 on 
a first-come, first-served hasis. Tickets are availahle 
ai the Auditorium one-half hour hefore the sched- 
uled pro^ram. Admission is free. 

"The Naked Eye." film on the fun and art 

of still photography, Saturday (10:30 a.m. 

& 3:00 p.m.), May 17. 

Memorial Concert of the Music of Zoltan 

Kodaly, Saturday (8.30 p.m.), May 17 and 

Sunday (3.00 p.m.), May 18. 

"The Sand Castle," film fantasy, Saturday 

(10:30 a.m. &. 3:00 p.m.), May 24. 

"The Living Desert," film of animal life in 

the desert, Saturday (10:30 a.m. & 3:00 

p.m.), May 31 and Sunday 3:00 p.m.), 

June 1. 

This Student is about to solve a science 
Problem on a Computer located 50 miles away. 

During the next three minntes, 
a school administrator will be using the same Computer 

to solve a management problem. 

Today; low-cost Computer time- 
sharing is putting the virtually un- 
limited usefulness of giant Computers 
within the reach and budgets of prac- 
tically every high school in New Jersey. 

It is no longer necessary to in- 
vest thousands of dollars in Computer 
Operation and maintenance. Now, by 
leasing special telephone Company 
eguipment that's linked to a Computer 
by telephone lines, teachers can 
effectively use the Computer to enrich 
mathematics and science Instruction 

and to offer courses in Computer Pro- 
gramming. School administrators can 
use the Computer for keeping records, 
ordering supplies, grading, inventory 
control, and pupil management. 

To learn more about Computer 
time-sharing and the part it will play 
in the modern school System, call us 
at Area Code 201, 677-9941. 

New Jersey Bell 

Part of the Nationwide Bell System 

The Princeton Community Orchestra, con- 
cert of Chamber music, Saturday (8:30 
p.m.), June 7. 

The State Museum Planetarium present s its public 
shows on Saturday s, Sunday s, and hoUdays at 2:00 
3:00, and 4:0G p.m. Tickets are availahle one-half 
hour hefore .scheduled demonstration on a first- 
come, first-served basis. Admission is free. Children 
Wider seven are not admitted. Weekday Per- 
formances are availahle to Student groups by 

''Beacons in the Sliy," a lecture on the stars 
and navigation, will be presented during 
May and June. 

The N.J. State Library Archives Exhibit Room is 
open Monday-Saturday 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. and 
Sunday 2:00 - 5:00 p.m. On permanent exhibit are 
the major constitutional documents of New Jersey. 
Special exhibits are also on display. 
Films are shown on Saturday s, Sunday s, and 
holidays (3:00 A 4:00 p.m.). 


The Newarit Museum is presently exhibit- 

ing the following: 

"Light in Contemporary Art," through 

June 1. 

"From a New Yorli Town House" 

"Gemini Space Capsule" 

"Art of Africa," through Sept. 

"Mediterranean Antiquities" 

"1800 House*' 

*<Religioiis Arts of Tibet" 

"American Indiaits" 

"Mechanical Models" 

Museum hours are Monday through Saturday, 
12:00 to 5:00 p.m. and Sundays and holidays, 
2:00 to 6:00 p.m. Planetarium hours are Saturday s, 
Sundays, and holidays at 2:30 to 3:30 p.m. 

MAY, 1969 



■ If you're a real teacher, you miist 
systematically stoke your own furnace 
with really good books about educa- 
tion, and certainly the special branch 
which you practice. 

A really inspirational one to Start 
with is George Leonard's Educafion 
and Ecstasy (Delacorte, 1968; $5.95). 
All too seldom, the author says, de 
teachers today experience "teachable 
days" when everything clicks. He de- 
scribes in this book, however, how 
every day could hold such delight and 
ecstasy. One of the highlights is a 
startling picture of the clementary 
school of the year 2001. 

Insight into many problems may be 
provided by fiction. Two recent books 
do this for teaching. The Grass Pipe 
by psychologist Robert Coles (Little 
Brown, 1969; $4.25) is a story at about 
the sixth-grade reading level of three 
boys who are tempted by LSD. All of 
them yearn for advice from adults but 
not until the end of the story — after 
theyVe tried it — do two of them go to 
the doctor-father of one of the boys and 
get the kind of talk they needed. This 
story takes you inside the mind of such 
boys today. It is recommended for you 
and for junior high school readers 
and up. 

Another story of equal power is Fll 
Get There. It Better Be Worth the Trip 
by John Donovan (Harper & Row, 
1969; $3.95). Bereaved by his grand- 
mother's death, Davy Ross leaves his 
beloved New England town to live in 
New York with his divorced mother 
and to Visit on Saturdays with his re- 
married father. His friendship with an- 
other boy at school culminates in an 
unforeseen incident of open sexuality 
and the boy is swept by fear, guilt, and 
Isolation which almost devastates him. 
This, too, may be recommended to 
junior highs and up, as well as for their 

A variety of general publications are 
important for the classroom teacher. 
The Nursery Years: The Mind of the 
Child from Birth to Six Years by Susan 
Isaacs (Schocken, 1968; $1.95 pa) is a 
reissue of a Standard title, first pub- 
lished in 1929, which was a pioneer in 
scientific study of the child. 

Prospectives on the Middle School 
by M. A. Grooms (Merrill, 1967; $2.95 
pa) is a usefui guide to any educator 
embarking on new grade-grouping. It 
emphasizes the importance of placing 
learning responsibility upon the Student 
and the role of the teacher in this new 
and diflferent educational plan. 

Erickson's Administering Instriic- 
tional Media Programs (Macmillian, 
1968; $16.95) is a comprehensive, up- 
to-date discussion of the principles in- 
volved in administering media programs 
at both building and System levels. 
Especially usefui is its discussion ol 

BOOK-/ Professional 



criteria and policies for selection ot 
materials, the media service System in 
each school, and its discussion through- 
out of in-service planning and pro- 
grams. The philosophy of the new 
AASL-DAVI Standards (NEA/ALA, 
1969; $2 pa) is presented and discussed 
dispassionately by Erickson. Expensive, 
but replaces all earlier sources. 

Teaching Children Science: An In- 
quiry Approach by Kuslan and Stone 
(Wadsworth, 1968; $7.95) is highly rec- 
ommended by the AAAS as a source 

for pre- and in-service education of 
teachers wanting to know more about 
science instruction in the 1960's. For 
the first time, it places '*adequate em- 
phasis on the psychological nature of 
science instruction in the elementary 

A bibliographical tool of consider- 
able use is Mathematics Library: Ele- 
mentary and Junior High School 
(National Council of Teachers of Math- 
ematics, 1968; 80(? pa) which suggests 
books that may enrich the instructional 
program by providing sources of In- 
formation and recreational reading. 

A usefui handbook for teachers of 
primary grades is Science Adventures 
in Children's Play by Edythe Rieger 
(Plays Schools Assn., 1968; $1 pa). 
Includes suggestions for simple experi- 
ments, adventures and excursions, with 
clear directions and simple illustrations. 

Something for a very special field is 
Sing and Learn: Simple Songs and 
Rhythms That Retarded Children Can 
Enjoy While Learning Basic Lessons by 
John Antey (John Day, 1964; $3.29). 
These 15 songs are simpler and easier 
than those generally used in nursery 
and kindergarten classes; directions for 
rhythms, teaching aids and other sug- 
gestions are also provided. 

An excellent guide for use by schools 
seeking better representation of ma- 
terials on black history is A Biblio- 
graphy of Negro History & Culture for 
Young Readers, comp, by Miles M. 
Jackson and others (For Atlanta Uni- 
versity by University of Pittsburgh 
Press, 1969; $2.50 pa). Derived from 
a Conference held in 1965 at Atlanta 
University, this work provides an ex- 
tensive, annotated listing of books and 
audiovisual aids for elementary and 
secondary use about the heritage and 
traditions of the Negro. 

Another source for better under- 
standing of minority groups is Puerto 
Rican Children in Mainland Schools: A 
Source Book for Teachers, ed. by Fran- 
cesco Cordasco (on the faculty at 
Montclair State College) and Eugene 
Bucchioni (Metuchen, N.J., Scarecrow 
Press, 1968; $10). This compendium of 
articies from a wide ränge of sources 
(Oscar Lewis, Theodore Brameld, Can- 
dido Oliveras, and the like) provides 
background on the Puerto Rican fam- 
ily, their mainland experience, problems 
of acculturation, children in North 
American schools. It is invaluable for 
teachers of Puerto Rican children. 

In language and literature there are 
a number of sources to be recom- 
mended. The Adventures of Brown 
Sugar: Adventures in Creative Writing 
(National Council of Teachers of Eng- 
lish, 1967; $2 pa) is an account by a 
Texas teacher of her experience with a 
fourth-grade class. It also includes the 
story which the class wrote collectively. 

Children's Literature: Strategies of 
Teaching by Robert Whitehead (Pren- 
tice-Hall, 1968; $3.50 pa) is a hand- 
book of practical suggestions on how 



to handle the literature program in ele- 
mentary school. Although the author 
is frequently guilty of a "gee-whiz" style 
of writing, his book is nevertheless 
practical and useful. 

Enjoying Literature with Children by 
Alice M. Meeker (Odyssey Press, 1969; 
$1.65 pa) is an interesting book of ideas 
and techniques (by a Paterson State 
College faculty member) covering home 
and nursery years, culturally-deprived 
children and book reports, as well as 
more usual topics, with an especially 
good chapter on the school library. 

For high schools, a "reading must" 
is James R. Squire and Applebee High 
School English Instruction Today (Na- 
tional Council of Teachers of English, 
1969; $6.50). This is the report of a 
three-year study of high school English 
teaching conducted by Dr. Squire and 
his associates and will be especially in- 
teresting to librarians because of the 
data and findings relating to Student 
reading and the library today. 

There are also a number of inter- 
esting and useful books for teachers 
concerned with the arts. You should 
not miss Bill Baird's The Art of the 
Puppet (Macmillan, 1965; $19.95) an 
exquisite, lavishly illustrated, well-writ- 
ten and thoroughly indexed book that 
will be enjoyed tremendously by teach- 
ers and students alike in spite of its 
price. It is a pictorial history of pup- 
petry from primitive times to its devel- 
opment around the world in modern 
days and its future as a performing art. 
Kenneth Jameson's Art and the 
Young Child (Viking, 1968; $6.95) is 
an interpretation for parents and teach- 
ers of the necessity to teach art and of 
how children paint and draw. It uses a 
Wide selection of work by children to 
explain how to evaluate their work 
in terms of age and development. 

Olga Maynard in Children and 
Dance and Music (Scribner's, 1968; 
$6.95) explains the roles that these arts 
can play in the total development of 
the preschool child as well as the gifted 
or older children. Pilot programs are 
cited and specific suggestions for Im- 
plementation of the approach rec- 

As usual, classroom teachers will find 
exceedingly practical the latest port- 
folio from ACEI on Creating with Ma- 
terials for Work and Play done by 
Jeanne W. Quill and Margaret Ras- 
mussen (Assn. for Childhood Education 
International, 3615 Massachusetts Ave., 
Washington, D.C., 1969). It contains 12 
leaflets such as "Many learnings through 
block play" and "Room environment" 
and comes free as part of the 1967-68 
Order for "Childhood Education." Better 
subscribe now if you don't already have 
it. Mary V. Gaver, professor 

Rutgers Graduate School 
of Library Service 


Syracuse University 

'©© ©[UJÖ^ß^gl^ ©I 



Business Administration, Mathematics, Physical Sciences: (2) 6 Week Sessions 
June 9-July 18; July 21-August 29. Post Session Programs in Art, Humanities, 
Social Sciences: August 11 -September 5. 

June 9-27 

June 16-27 
June 18, 19, 20 
June 23-27 
June 30-July 12 
June 30-August 8 
June 30-August 8 
June 30-August 8 
June 30-August 8 
June 30-August 8 

July 16, 17. 18 
July 21-August 8 
July 31 

August 11-22 
August 14, 15 

Workshop in the Application of the Computer in Education and Educational 

Seminar in Nutritiön Science 
Violin String Workshop (Dr. Shinichi Suzuki, Japan) 
Eleventh Annual Reading Conference.- "Reasons for Reading" 
Workshop in Teaching Reading in the Elementary and Secondary Schools 
Workshop in Human Relations: Program on Afro-American Studies 
History of Africa 

Seminar in the History of Eastern Africa 
Asian Musical Cultures. With demonstrations and concerts 
Two Seminars in Special Problems in the Administration of Colleges and 

Seminar 1: Simulating a Constitutional Convention of the Academic Com- 
munity — Roles and Value Premises of Trustees, Administrators, Faculty 
and Students in University Policy and Decision Making 
Seminar 2: Current and Developing Issues in the Field of Student Personnel 

All-University Conference: "Integration or Separatism in Education" 
Teaching Child Care Services 

Library Symposium: "The New Standards for Instructional Media Centers: 
An Appraisal" 

Workshop in Educational Television 

1969 International Symposium: "Creativity and the Preprimary Child" 

For more Information about 

courses in these areas, and 

a complete schedule, write for 

a Summer Sessions Bulletin: 


Dr. James R. Manwaring, Dean, Syracuse University 
Division of the Summer Sessions Dept. 109 
906 South Crouse Avenue 
Syracuse, New York 13210 










•>y. i .■!■?■ 

■SS jf 







Focus on your future this 
Summer at L.I.U/s Merri- 
weather Campus where 315 
lush green acres are just 
minutesfrom parks, beaches, 
golf courses, fine theatres 
and museums and just an 
hour from the excitement of 
Manhattan and the Hamptons. 
Modern residence halis, 
theatre, tennis and riding 
facilities are on campus. 



Biological Sciences, Business Administration, Chemistry, Educa- 
tion and Certification, Management Engineering, English, Foreign 
Languages, Guidance and Counseling, History, Library Science, 
Marine Science, Mathematics, Music Education, Physics, Political 
Science, Sociology, Speech. 

Institutes on World Affairs • United Nations, Art and Theatre Woricshops 

Send Coupon to: 
Office of the Summer School 


P.O. Greenvale, 
LI., N.Y. 11548 

Please send me Summer School Graduate Bulletin C 

and application for the following schooKs): 

D School of Education 

D Graduate Facuities of Arts and Sciences 
I D Palmer Graduate Library School 
I D Arthur T. Roth Graduate School of Business Administration 




I City. 




MAY, 1969 






Shortchanging the 
American Indian 

■ Canada and the United States are 
both beginning to face a minority prob- 
lem older than their nationhood — Inte- 
gration of the American Indian. 

In the U.S., a Senate subcommittee is 
conducting hearings to evaluate Indian 
education — much of it in federal schools 
on or near reservations. The Senators 
have unearthed widespread dissatisfac- 
tion, including two recurring com- 

■ — That the schools try to wipe out 
Indian traditions and culture. 
■ — That the Indian child is taught that 
his past is shameful. 

In addition, the schools promote 
competition, yet Indian tribal life has 
always depended on Cooperation. 

Such conditions do not inspire dedica- 
tion among students. The dropout rate 
for the Indian child is twice the national 
average; his level of formal education, 
half. His annual income is 75 per cent 
below average; his unemployment rate 
is 10 times higher; his life expectancy is 
10 years shorter. 

About one-third of the nation's 
150,000 Indian school children attend 
federal schools. The education of many 
others — in public, private, and mission 
schools — is partially financed by federal 

That's the State of Indian education 
in the United States. The senatorial 
hearings probably will lead to improve- 
ment and fuller integration of Indians 
in American society. 

Canada is already moving toward 
integration of the American Indian, in 
the school and in general society. One 
example of this movement is what's 
happening at AH Saints Anglican Resi- 
dential School in Prince Albert, Sas- 
katchewan. Until recently, it was the 
largest Indian boarding school in 
Canada. Now, however, all 378 students 
are attending Prince Albert public 
schools. Instead of a school, All Saints 
now is a "transition center,'' where 
children can move from the Indian 
culture into the White. Says headmaster 
David Lawson: 

'The main value of integrating the 
children into the public school System 
is that it provides them with the Know- 
ledge to make a choice of how they 
want to live in the future. Whether they 
want to work ahead in our society or 
go back to the bush and become 
trappers — the choice must be theirs." 

The pupils come from Indian reserva- 
tions, some from remote areas without 
schools in the Canadian northwest. In 
some families, the father is on the trap 
line much of the winter. 

One All Saints Supervisor, a reserva- 
tion-born Indian, recalls: 



"When I used to go back for holidays, 
I didn't really belong, and people would 
say, 'Oh, you're trying to be a white 
man.' Now the parents are starting to 
realize there's nothing on the reserve 
for their children, and they want them 
to go out and get an education. When I 
go back to the reserve now, the whole 
attitude has changed. They ask me 
questions about opportunities. 

"The kids today have far more hopes 
and aspirations than we had. You hear 
them talking of wanting to be doctors 
and lawyers and teachers and nurses." 

*7 like the way this team concept 
has caiight on in this school . . .'* 

Taking the Students 
Out for a Dig 

■ In the United States, a school "field" 
trip often means a tour of a museum, 
industry, or government building. In 
Canada, for at least one school, a field 
trip is a trip to a field. 

Archaeology is part of the lOth-grade 
social studies course at Strathcona Com- 
posite H. S. in Edmonton, Alberta. Dur- 
ing the year, teacher Robert Lamb takes 
his students out into the hills for a 

"The objectives of the project are 
more than academic," says Mr. Lamb. 
"We hopc to give the students cxperi- 
cnce in outdoor living as weil as to 
develop some undcrstanding of the sci- 
entific approach of the archaeologist." 

A typical dig lasts three or four days. 
Accompanied by some parents and 
teachers, students reach the expedition 
area by bus, bringing tents, slccping 
bags, and other camping gear. The camp 
is pitchcd beside a river or lake, near a 
previously located Indian camp site. The 
Site is then carefully excavated for arti- 
facts and other cultural information. 

For recreation, Mr. Lamb estab- 
lishes a shooting gallery, out of rifle 
ränge but a short jaunt in the camp 
pickup truck. 

At a typical meal, the students draw 
rations of fresh fruit and raw roast. "We 
leave Student survival to the Student." 
says Mr. Lamb. "For the first time in 
their lives, some long-haired young 
ladies in blue jeans and mackinaws have 
the experience of pitching a tent and 
cooking over an open fire." 

Excavations yield a variety of primi- 
tive stone tools, used by previous Indian 
cultures. Students have found the re- 
mains of long-dead animals, including 
bison dating back over 8,000 years. 

Mr. Lamb has no skcleton in his 
classroom closet. Instead, he keeps it on 
open display at the back of the room — 
the frame of a male Indian unearthed 
in a dig 70 miles south of Edmonton. 
He uses it — and the artifacts — back in 
the classroom to teach about primitive 

"Camping in spring or autumn woods 
rcdolent with blue campfire smoke is a 
rare opportunity for students to enjoy 
on school time," Mr. Lamb says. "But 
not everyone should rush out and take 
students on a dig. It's too easy to 
destroy things and lose information in- 
stead of getting it. Surface collecting is 
a good vvay to start. Discoveries can be 
takcn into the classroom and used as a 
springboard into inquiry." 

Science Experiments 
At Home 

■ Sixth-grade students in Springfield. 
N.J., take home the Christmas present 



from their science teacher with mixed 
emotions. Not everyone enjoys getting a 
worm for Christmas, even in a vial. 

It isn't even a whole worm, just a 
halfie — sliced in two before their eyes. 
And the worm is more than a gift. 
Actually, it*s homework. 

The assignment concerns regeneration 
— the ability of living things to grow 
back amputated parts. When cut in 
half, the Planaria — a two-eyed worm — 
quickly becomes two separate but com- 
plete wrigglers. 

Beatrice Seagull, science teacher at 
Springfield's Florence M. Baudineer 
School, explains her assignment this 
way: "Each Student takes home half 
a worm to observe the regeneration 
process. Half the students take the head 
section and half the tail section. Day- 
by-day observations are made on the 
growth, movements, and general be- 
havior of the developing sections." 

Homework experiments form an im- 
portant part of Mrs. SeagulFs science 
instruction. During the year, her stu- 
dents take home such other creatures as 
snails and hydras for Observation and 

*'Along with learning the facts and 
skills of science, homework assignments 
help instill in a child the meaning of 
what it is to be a scientist," Mrs. Seagull 


One of Mrs. Seagull's favorite out-of- 
class assignments challenges the Student 
to determine whether or not "Solution 
X" is piain tap water. Each Student is 
given a coded vial containing clear, 
colorless, odorless liquid that looks like 
water. Some of the vials do contain tap 
water, but others hold salt water or lime 


Mrs. Seagull gives the students no 
advice on how to make the determina- 
tion. "It's important," she explains, "for 
the Student to work at a scientific prob- 
lem independently — alone, away from 
his classroom, classmates, and teacher. 

"Regardless of results," she says, "the 
experiences that come out of the project 
are of great value to the beginning sci- 
ence Student. He has devised his own 
tests, made observations, noted differ- 
ences between 'Solution X' and water, 
noted similarities, and come to a con- 
clusion on his own. 

"Along with learning the facts and 
skills of science" says Mrs. Seagull, 
"home assignments help instill in a 
child the meaning of what it is to be a 
scientist. The child, to all intents and 
purposes, is a scientist when he is work- 
ing home alone with his problem. His 
involvement has been on an individual 
basis and his understanding and learning 
are of greater depth because of his 

Donald S. Rosser 
Contribiiting Editor 

MAY, 1969 



Until September Pay Day . < 

"^ou can horrow summer expenses from your Teachers Credit Union 
Address your inquiry in care of the teachers listed below. 


Clarence S. Slater 
Senior High School 
Atlantic City 


Joseph Nelson 
Bayonne High School 
437-3000 Ext. 328 


Theresa Van Weter- 

949 Main St. 
DI 3-7780 


Carl B. Strong 
610 Palisade Ave. 
Englewood Cliffs 
LG 8-2310 


Jerome J. Benigno 
Roosevelt School #7 


Milton Hershberger 
4 Laramoor Dr. 


107 N. 6th St. 
WO 4-5084 


M. Jane Vance 
c/o Supt. of Schools 
Cape May Court 



Mrs. Mary M. Doerr 
18 Columbia Ave. 
OX 2-7869 


Louis Geresi 
155 Broad St. 


Mrs. Doris Ario 
1555 Good Intent Rd. 
Deptford 08096 


Dominick A. FaIco 
Hoboken H.S. 
OL 9-1966 


Wm. A. Miller 
1082 Summit Ave. 
Jersey City 


John Ansman 
Robert Hunter 



Michael Angelotti 
1 1 Fairf ield Ave. 


Morris Wilner 
106 E. 7th St. 


Harold W. Strauss 
815 Kensington Ave. 
Ploinfield 07060 


Harold D. Shannon 
703 Munroe Ave. 
Asbury Park 
PR 5-4545 


Serving Morris, 
Sussex, & Warren 

William Zimmermon 
222 AAadison Ave. 
JE 9-1717 


1036 So. Orange 

Newark 07106 


James J. Gollagher 

Room 301 

64 Hamilton St. 




Mrs. Margaret R. 

1 1 Maplewood Ave. 
Golfview Park 
Penns Grove 


Mrs. Mary E. Lee 
1134 W. Front St. 
Ploinfield 07060 


Arthur Monteverde 
Teaneck H.S. 
IE 7-2482 


John Rosenthal 
P.O. Box 164 
Trenton 08628 


G. G. Gundmunson 
16 Lincoln Ave. East 
Roselle Park 
CH 5-0175 & CH 


A. H. Powell 

157 Stuyvestant Ave. 





Dorothy Robertson 
West Orange H.S. 
West Orange 
736-1200, Ext. 231 

Continental Trailvirays 

Join a care free, car-free Continental Trailways escorted tour this sum- 
mer .. . air-conditioned Silver Eagle® buses . . . first class arrangements 
throughout. Departures from conveniently located cities in your area. 

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Office shown below. Send for free folders by checking boxes and mail 
to address below. 



Dept. NJEM 

404 32nd St 

Union City, New Jersey 07087 














;^* * 



How a Student performs depends on how 
intelligent he actually is, and on how intel- 
ligent he thinks he is. by Don E. HamacUek 

Aperson's idea of himself, or self-concept, is inti- 
mately related to how he behaves and learns. How 
a Student performs depends not only on how intelligent he 
actually is, but also on how intelligent he thinks he is. 

Indeed, classroom and clinical research evidence sug- 
gests that school or life success may depend less on those 
qualities a person has by way of genes or circumstances 
than on how he feels about those qualities. 

Basically, the seif has two aspects — concept and feeling. 
That is, each of us knows he has particular qualities and 
we feel certain ways about those qualities. 

One's concept of himself may be vague and ill-defined 
to the conscious gaze. But it is there, complete to the last 
detail — a system of interrelated ideas, attitudes, values, 
and commitments influenced by past experiences, successes 
and failures, humiliations, triumphs, and other people's 
reactions, especially during the formative years. Each per- 
son lives in a manner as consistent as possible with his 
self-concept: he "acts like" the sort of person he conceives 
himself to be. It is extremely diflficult to act otherwise, even 
by a strong conscious effort. 

The boy, for example, who conceives himself to be a 
"failure-type Student" can find all sorts of excuses to avoid 
studying, doing homework, or participating in class« Fre- 
quently, he ends up with the low grade he predicted he 
would get in the first place. Now he has "proof" that he's 
less able! 

Similarly, an individual who has an image of himself as 
the sort of person nobody likes may find that he is, indeed, 
avoided by others. What he does not understand is that he 
may behave in a style which literally invites rejection. His 
dour expression, his hang-dog manner, or his own over- 
eagerness to please, or perhaps his unconscious hostility 
towards those he expects to affront him may all act to 

MAY, 1969 






drive away those whom he might other- 
wise attract. 

Because of this objective "proof," it 
seldom occurs to a person that his trou- 
ble lies in his own self-concept. If you 
teil a Student that he only "thinks" he 
cannot grasp algebra, or English, or 
reading, he may very well give you that 
"Who are you trying to kid?" look. In 
his own way, he may have tried and 
tried, but still his report card teils the 

A request (more often a demand or 
admonishment) destined to fall on deaf 
ears is the one we frequently make of 
some students to "study harder." This 
is fine if the Student already has a high 
self-concept and high need for achieve- 
ment. He is likely to respond to the 
challenge in order to produce at a level 
consistent with his self-image. For a Stu- 
dent whose self-concept is that of a poor 
Student, however, the impact is lost. 
As a low-concept, low-achieving ninth- 
grade girl once asked me, "Study? Ha! 
Why should I study to fail?" 

From this girl's point of view, her 
question was perfectly logical. She saw 
herseif as fairly dumb, and of course 
dumb people don't do well. She was ex- 
pressing the need that all of us have to 
maintain an intact self-structure, so that 
the person we are today can be counted 
on to be pretty much the same tomor- 
row. Self-consistency serves as a kind of 
psychological gyroscope and helps us to 
be predictable to ourselves. This con- 
sistency is not always voluntary; it is 
compulsive and generally unconsciously 

How does self-concept develop? At 
first, the young child is relatively neutral 
as to the kind of self-concept he devel- 
ops. But, as time goes on, he becomes 
progressively less free in his choice of 
the experiences he seeks or of the in- 
terpretations he places on them so that 
they may be internalized without con- 
flict. As the child begins to perceive the 
World around him, the most important 
thing he discovers is himself. His seren- 
dipitous discoveries of the various parts 
of his body and the recognition of his 
own voice are the beginnings of his 
growing awareness of personal proper- 
ties and resources. 

Because one's concept of seif tends 
to continue developing in the direction 
in which it started, early childhood is a 
critical period in its growth. The young 
child learns that words like good, bad, 
cute, intelligent, or dumb are attributed 
to him as a person. Through long im- 
mersion in an interpersonal stream of 

Dr. Hamachek is an associate professor of 
educational psychology and child develop- 
ment at the College of Education, Michigan 
State University. For more on this subject, 
read his pamphlet "Motivation in Teaching 
and Learning" available from the National 
Education Assn. 


continual reflected appraisals from peo- 
ple significant to him, he gradually de- 
velops the picture of himself which he 
then strives to maintain. 

The seif grows within a social frame- 
work. Every general personality char- 
acteristic is influenced in some way by 
social interaction. Some, like popularity 
or shyness, are social by definition. One 
cannot be populär or shy except in re- 
lation to others. Other characteristics 
like creativeness or autonomy are less 
social by definition. Although one can 
be creative or autonomous in solitude, 
it is düficult to see how one could ac- 
quire such traits apart from social in- 
teraction. To a very large extent, a 
child's concept of seif grows as he in- 
corporates how others feel about him 
and what they expect from him. 

A negative self-concept or low self- 
esteem is developmental rather than in- 
nate. Inferiority feelings are the con- 
sequence of many negative experiences 
over a long period of time. The follow- 
ing are low self-esteem Symptoms: 

Sensitivity to Criticism. The low self- 
esteem person usually reacts defensively 
to criticism, no matter what its form or 
intent, because he interprets it as further 
proof of his inferiority. 

Overresponsiveness to Praise. He is 
quick to grasp at any straw that will 
help rescue him from the morass of un- 
certainty and insecurity that grows out 
of feeling less able than others. For him, 
praise and flattery are testimony against 
the inferiority he feels. 

Hypercritical Attitüde. Whereas the 
first two Symptoms are defensive, hyper- 
criticism takes the offensive and helps 
create the illusion of superiority. Usually 
it is a diversionary strategy to direct at- 
tention away from one's own limitations. 

A "Nobody Likes Me" Feeling. When 
a low self-esteem person says that no- 
body likes him, he really means it. 
He doesn't like himself very well and 
doesn't see how anyone eise could, and 
he has had limited experience of people 
really liking him. 

Negative Feelings About Competition. 
A low self-esteem person is as keen as 
anyone about winning in competition, 
but he is far less optimistic about suc- 
cess. Competition always involves the 
comparison of one's own Performance 
with someone eise's and is, therefore, to 
be avoided. 

A General Tendency Toward Seclu- 
siveness, Shyness, and Timidity. Low 
self-esteem is typically accompanied by 
a certain amount of fear, particularly in 
situations involving other people. This 
fear may be concealed by feigned self- 
assurance, but it is more commonly ex- 
pressed in timidity and shyness. 

Individuais with positive, self-accept- 
ing attitudes present a behavioral picture 
very much the opposite. There are varia- 
tions from one individual to another and 

for the same individual in different situa- 
tions, but a person with a healthy self- 
concept can be generally characterized 
as follows: 

1. He is able to act on his own best 
judgment without feeling guilt or re- 
gretting his actions when others do not 
approve of what he's done. 

2. He maintains confidence in his ca- 
pacity to deal with problems even when 
setbacks and failures occur. 

3. He feels equal, rather than superior 
or inferior, to others as a person. 

4. He assumes that he is a person of 
interest and value to others. 

5. He can accept praise and compli- 
ments without embarrassment and with 
genuine appreciation. 

6. He tends to resist the efforts of 
others, particularly peers, to dominate 

7. He accepts and can admit that he 
has, on different occasions, a wide ränge 
of impulses, feelings, and desires, some 
of which are socially approved and some 
of which are not. 

8. When he finds some aspect of be- 
havior in himself he does not like be- 
cause it is contrary to his self-concept, 
he sets out to change it. 

There are many things we can do, say, 
and be to assist students to see them- 
selves as planning, purposing, choosing, 
individuals, responsible and accountable. 
These are basic aspects of a healthy, 
socialized self-concept. If objections are 
raised that a teacher cannot spend his 
time teaching for higher self-esteem be- 
cause of examination pressures, research 
indicates that the teacher may elicit at 
least equally good academic results while 
enhancing a student's self-concept. In 
fact, typical high-pressure teaching — 
with vigorous personal emphasis, heavy 
stress on correctness and on the serious 
consequences of failure, and constant 
emphasis on the passing of exams — can 
lead not only to greater signs of personal 
insecurity and low self-esteem, but also 
to lesser achievement gains than those of 
students taught by a teacher sensitive to 
self-concept variables. 

The following ideas and concepts can 
help a teacher guide his students toward 
healthier self-concepts and achievement 
levels commensurate with their abilities: 

1. The use of praise and blame has 
different effects on different students. 
Praise usually has a more positive in- 
fluence than either blame or reproof, 
but indiscriminate praise is as detrimen- 
tal to a student's learning as indiscrimi- 
nate blame or criticism. High self-con- 
cept students seem to work harder when 
challenged by a more critical approach 
to their work. Low self-concept students 
work harder when praised more fre- 

2. Students tend to perform at a level 
which is consistent with what they per- 

(continued on page 46) 











by James P. Pettegrove 

Teachers of English can 
sensitize the Student 
to the finest nuances of 
meaning and to the infinite 
potentialities of words. 

FUNK AND Wagnalls *'Modern 
Guide to Synonyms" is a book for 
everyman's library, for the family living 
room — but above all for classroom iise 
at junior and senior high school levels. 
This beautifully printed volume will not 
replace dictionary and thesaurus, but it 
will Supplement them in a most reward- 
ing way. 

The "Modern Guide" serves chiefly 
two functions. Its prime function is to 
sensitize the reader to the finest nuances 

Dr. Pettegrove is a professor of English at 
Montclair State College. 

MAY, 1969 

of meaning and to the infinite potenti- 
alities of words in the various processes 
of communication. 

To illustrate with an easy instance, 
thin, an alphabetized head word, is 
treated as the nucleus of a Cluster of 
words conveying roughly the same idea. 
These words are: lean, scrawny, skinny, 
slencJer, stim, spare, svelte, willowy, 
wiry. In an essay of about 500 words, 
the editors define and illustrate from 
usagc the areas of meaning suggestcd by 
the histories of individual terms. 

"Semanticists and linguistic scholars," 
writes S. I. Hayakawa in his brief in- 
troduction, "continue to remind us that 
words change in meaning according to 
time and place and circumstance." No 
better Illustration of this point can be 
found right now than in the "Modern 
Guide's" definition of student, which is 
grouped with disciple, learner, protege, 
piipil, and scholar. "These words," say 
the editors, "refer to someone involved 
in studies, in attempting to gain a set of 
skills, or in devotion to a patron or mas- 
ter." Needless to say the publisher's 
deadline was several months before Pro- 
fessor Hayakawa became Acting Presi- 
dent of San Francisco State College! 

The second function of the "Modern 
Guide," especially in its classroom use, is 
as a sound basis for inculcating modern 
semantic method in vocabulary build- 
ing. Exposure to this book under the 
guidance of competent instructors is the 
equivalent of a course in semantics. It 
could lay the foundations for that ascen- 
dancy over language which Alfred 
Korzybski and Hayakawa, and their 
many disciples, have long sought to 

In "Language in Thought and Action" 
(1949; 2nd ed. 1964), Dr. Hayakawa 
has a section on the dictionary. He 
wams against regarding the dictionary 
as an "authority." Such idolatry before 
one's dictionary "is to credit the diction- 
ary writer with gifts of prophecy which 
neither he nor anyone eise possesses ..." 
In the same section, Hayakawa says it 
is "a mistake to regard a dictionary defi- 
nition as telling us all about a word." 
New situations — like the Student dis- 
ruptions of the past year — can alter the 
senses of old words in unpredictable 

Since penning his warnings against 
innocent faith in the dictionary, Profes- 
sor Hayakawa has been editor, Consul- 
tant, or contributor to half a dozen 
ventures in dictionary-making. The 
"Modern Guide" is, in a sense, the es- 
sence distilled from these experiences. 
This book has only 6000 Synonyms; it is 
thus not an orthodox reference work. 

On the contrary, this is a book de- 
signed to liberate the reader from dic- 

"Modern Guide to Synonyms." Edited by 
S. I. Hayakawa and the Funk & Wagnalls 
Dictionary Staff, 1968. 726 pp. $8.95. 

tioniiiy definitions. If one reads a few 
hundred of the 1000 essays, he finds 
himself applying the method of the book 
to his own word hoard. It is hard to con- 
ceive a more fruitful exercise in English 
classes at either the secondary or the 
College levcl than the practice of articu- 
lating word meanings in given contexts. 

The special inspiration which Haya- 
kawa has brought to the "Modern Guide 
to Synonyms" appears in the treatment 
of words so recent that they have not yet 
been defined. On numerous occasions, 
this volume snatches terms from the 
mists of contemporaneity and states 
them in piain English. Treatment of the 
Hippie group will illustrate this point: 
"These words refer to people, usually 
young and sometimes artistic or quasi- 
artistic in bent, who as a group re- 
bel against middle-class Standards and 
choose to live a spontaneous, impov- 
erished life characterized by eccentric 
dress, amoral behavior, and an anarchic, 
solipsistic, or leftist philosophy." 

Current speech, which this book treats 
with due respect, has always involved 
words which were not supposed to be 
spoken in good Company. While this 
work avoids every trace of the new 
populär four-letter words, it does in- 
clude in its illustrations of usage terms 
and phrases with the ring of real life 
about them: "He had swiped my whole 
inspection display from the footlocker 
while I was in the shower;" and "Some- 
body copped my pencil." 

At the other extreme, the book does 
not shy away from the language of Pro- 
fessionals. The essay on the head word 
moral, for example, offers the clarity 
which distinguishes this whole volume 
from comparable attempts: "To put it 
most extremely, moral can often be 
taken to mean private, codified, rigid, 
and a priori; ethical to mean public, im- 
provisatory, flexible, and a posteriori: 
agreeing, despite differing moral values, 
on ethical ways to work with each 

Nor is the supernatural world neglec- 
ted: "In Christian theology the soul of 
a new-born Infant is a fresh creation that 
is immortal and consequently everlast- 
ing; in Hinduism the soul has no begin- 
ning and need never end and is conse- 
quently eternal" Distinctions between 
goblins and hobgoblins, under the head 
word Sprite, are fit to vie with the logic 
of medieval scholastic philosophers: 
"Hobgohiin is another word for gobiin, 
although the hob gobiin is more often 
thought of as being annoying or impish 
in his behavior toward people rather 
than evil . . . A gremiin is a strictly 
modern fairy or gnome who is a trouble- 

Frequent flashes of real insight, ad- 
mirable clarity, and quiet humor held 
this reviewer's attention throughout hun- 

(continued on page 47) 


j i; 

hv Fred Means 

The Black Agenda 




THE NUMBER ONE problem facing ed- 
ucation is effectively educating 
the poor, the black, and the urban dwel- 

In many instances, the black man fits 
into all three categories — poor, urban, 
and black. 

Using the techniques of institutional 
racism, America has systematically ex- 
cluded the black man from the main- 
stream of life. After 400 years, the black 
man is now telling America to either 
solve the problem of racism in this 
country or face destruction from within. 

Ediication is a vital key in the liber- 
ation of black Americans and the sal- 
vation of America. The problem, there- 
fore, that must assume top priority is 
effectively educating black Americans. 

Whenever this fact is pointed out, 
there are many so-called liberals who 
say: "What about the problem of ef- 
fectively educatingalloft^^ 

Mr. Means is Title I coordinator at New- 
ark's South Side HS. and President of that 
city's Organization of Negro Educators 

America?" American schools generally 
are in need of improvement. However, 
the Problems encountered by blacks — 
those that are built in by the system — 
demand a priority commitment and an 
innovative thrust. Moreover, when we 
move to effectively educate black Amer- 
icans, the quality of education for all 
Americans will be enhanced concur- 

According to figures submitted to the 
N.J. State Department of Education by 
the Newark Board of Education in No- 
vember, 1968, 72.5 per cent of the stu- 
dents in Newark schools were black; 8.3 
per cent were Puerto Rican, 0.4 per cent 
were from other minority groups, and 
18.8 per cent were white. These figures 
dramatically illustrate the fact that black 
children comprise the majority group in 
the Newark school system. 

Since the inception of public schools 
in America, the question of purpose has 
been debated and discussed. Colonists 
were concerned that learned men should 
develop to carry on the church and gov- 
ernment. The Puritans were concerned 

that their people be literate to read the 

Dewey speaks of educating the whole 
child. McMurrin speaks of the central 
task of the school as being "the dis- 
semination of knowledge, the cultivation 
of the intellect, and the induction into 
the uses of reason." 

Benjamin Franklin referred to the 
"useful" as opposed to the "ornamental" 
in education. Bruner speaks of the struc- 
ture of the discipline and the discovery 
method. Keppel believes that curriculum 
has to be assessed in terms of national 

Many people talk about transmitting 
the traditions and cultural heritage 
(whose traditions, whose cultural her- 
itage?). There are some who belle ve the 
Chief role of the school should be to 
reform society. 

What is the purpose of education in 
American cities like Newark? That ques- 
tion has to be ans we red and agreed 
upon before real progress can be made. 
The major problem of the Newark 
schools is to develop methods of edu- 




-■■'<'!:^KlKKKKKUtttBK^-:i .^Mll^H 

i ■:. 

^i^ ^^ k! 

^ jI 



The Newark Urban Conference, Feb. 28-Mar. 1, brought 300 parents, Community leaders, 
teachers, students, and College professors together to define problems in Newark schools. 
Initiated by the Newark Teachers' Assn. and NJEA, the Conference was an effort at 
Community involvement in improving education. 



The ''black consciousness" movement has rapidly become a major element in any 
consideration of education today — particularly education in our big cities. 

It puts major focus on what happens in school to black children. It expects a particular 
commitment on the pari of black teachers. 

Speaking at the recent Newark Urban Conference, the president of that city's Organization 
of Negro Educators summed up what this movement means for teachers everywhere. 

cating the black majority of its students. 
I submit to you that when this problem 
has been solved the quality of education 
for all Newark students will be elevated. 

Conversely, as long as black children 
are receiving inferior education in New- 
ark — or in any other city — then other 
children will also receive substandard 

It is crucial to the survival of our 
country that white Americans under- 
stand that they share a common destiny 
with black Americans. If the cities of 
America succumb, America too will suc- 

cumb. If the cities of New Jersey fall, 
then New Jersey, too, will crumble. 
If black America is destroyed, white 
America will burn in the destruction 

The oppressors have as much stake in 
justice for black people as do the op- 
pressed themselves. It could be that 
considerations of self-preservation may 
be the only thing that will cause the 
oppressor to relent in justice long denied 
the oppressed. 

In meeting the needs of its children, 
the Newark schools have four major 

functions to perform: 
■ — To help children establish positive 
images of themselves, so they see them- 
selves as worthy human beings with 
hope of succeeding in life. 
■ — To help students gain basic skills 
with which to function in society. 
■ — To help identify, develop, and pro- 
ject black heritage and culture and place 
it in a world perspective. 
■ — To help students face, adapt to, cope 
with, understand, and change our racist 

(continued on page 42) 






Making a Success 
Out of Failure 

hv Stanley A. Winters 

To look at a child's academic achievement 

as the sole measure for 

repetition of a grade is patently wrong. 

to pass on to the next higher 
grade is with teachers and administra- 
tors every year. 

Seme districts base their decisions on 
criteria which include: not reaching a 
specific reading level, scoring poorly on 

national achievement tests, or the teach- 
er's opinion of the child's progress. 

In other districts, the number of chil- 
dren who must repeat a grade is limited 
to a certain percentage, perhaps the 
lowest one per cent or even the lowest 
three per cent of the enrolled students 

at the grade. 

Several experts in the field of chiid 
development have stated that as many 
as 1 5 per cent of the Student population 
is misplaced. To take some of the guess 
work from making decisions in the 
matter of repeating a grade, several 
criteria may be used in selecting the 
child who will use the additional year 
as an opportunity for growth. 

To look at a child's academic achieve- 
ment as the sole measure for repetition 
is patently wrong. Students do develop 
at different rates of speed and there are 
such things as individual differences. 
Some students work very diligently but 
make very slow academic progress. In 
evaluating their functioning intelligencc, 
it can be found that they are progress- 
ing at a rate commensurate with their 

Dr. Winters is an associate professor at 
Queens College, The City University of 
New York. 




by Marilyn L. Barsky 
and Leslie H. Willis 

The purpose is to give 
the child 

an added chance for 
classroom success. 
If retention leads to 
any other outcome — 
think it all over again. 

ficult one — for teacher, par- 
ent, and child. It is never made 

In Bloomfield schools, before 
such a move is entertained, a re- 
ferral is made to the child guidance 
department well in advance (no later 
than April 15) so that a füll study 
can be completed and recommenda- 
tions made. The child guidance 
department weighs the available evi- 
dence and develops recommenda- 
tions for the school. The final de- 
cision rests with the teacher, the 
principal, and the parents. 

The following are some criteria 
that are considered before deciding: 

• Physically large children or 
children who are chronologically 
much older than their peers should, 
in general, not be retained unless 
every indicator points to the fact 

that retention is the only way for 
them to attain a measure of class- 
room success. Children who are very 
small physically and are chronolog- 
ically young are good candidates for 
retention if they are failing — pro- 
viding study shows these factors to 
bear on the problem. 

In general, it is better to retain 
early in the child's academic career 
than late. Holding a child back in 
kindergarten is better than waiting 
until he completely fails first grade. 
It is far better to retain in first grade 
than to let a child who is floundering 
go on to second. The general policy 
in many school Systems — including 
Bloomfield — is that one retention is 
all that should be considered in a 
child's school career unless special 
circumstances exist. 

• Retention should be explored 
only when all basic skills of reading, 
writing, and arithmetic are consis- 
tently so poor as to make success in 
the next grade extremely unlikely. 

A child who is underachieving 
but on or above grade-level should 
not be retained. A child should 
never be retained as punishment for 
**not doing as well as he could." 

Children are thought of as under- 
achievers if their measured IQ level 
is discrepant with their achievement 
level. But, it must be remembered 
that many other factors besides 
basic intelligence affect achieve- 

• RITY. Children whose mea- 
sured IQ level on an individual test 
is in a very low ränge should prob- 


ably not be retained, as it is unlikely 
that retention will increase the 
chances of success in the next grade. 

Whenever possible, these children 
should be considered for special ed- 
ucation classes or given supplemen- 
tal tutoring based on the psycholog- 
ical diagnosis. In cases where this is 
not possible, teachers and the school 
should provide as much extra help 
and opportunity for success as 

Many children whose measured 
IQs are low have other disabilities 
and Problems which may be affec- 
ting their scores. Only a füll psycho- 
logical examination can give the 
complete answer. More often than 
not, retention is not the indicated 


child should certainly never be re- 
tained for poor behavior or poor 
deportment unless this behavior has 
consistently interfered with achieve- 
ment in the grade. 

Teachers need to be on the alert 
to note in them sei ves any prejudices 
concerning the child's achievement, 
ability, or chances for success in the 
next grade resulting from the teach- 
er's negative feeling toward the child 
because of his poor behavior. When 
a child "acts out" persistently and 
consistently in a classroom, it is nec- 
essary to find out why, but retention 
should never be based on it. 

When a child shows, however, 
extreme emotional and social imma- 
turity along with the other indica- 
tors, retention may be the best 
answer for him. It is sometimes ad- 
visable to retain even when there is 
a diagnosis of emotional distur- 



The first thing to look at, therefore, 
is: What is the child's functioning intel- 
ligence? What is his IQ? Is he average? 
Below average? Is he superior or is he 
very superior? 

This is established usiially by a psy- 
chological evaluation and an individual 
tcst, or — if this is not available — by 
scrutinizing very carefully the available 
group intelligence tests. The next step 
would be to compare the student's actual 
achievement with his functioning intel- 

In many suburban areas where the 
studcnts are very bright as compared to 
the national norm, a youngster of aver- 
age intelligence might be at the bottom 
of his group although working hard. To 
have him repeat a grade is not giving 
him an opportunity to grow. Further- 
more, it's punishing him for making an 
effort to do as well as he can do. 

In looking at the intelligence-achieve- 
ment gap, consideration must be given 
to the functioning of the child in all 
academic areas. At times, the Student 
may be doing poorly in reading and, 
yet, might be achieving at a competent 
rate in arithmetic or actually doing very 
well in specific areas of interest such 
as science. Children should spend an 
extra year only if there is a gap in most, 
if not all subjects. 

A student's social and emotional 
immaturity are just as crucial as lack 
of achievement. If a child is socially 
and emotionally mature and is placed 
with children who are much younger 
than he, there is an excellent possibility 
of much greater problems developing. 

In the lower grade, he feels like a 
"baby" and is doing *'baby" things. His 
interests, his friends, and his activities 
will still continue with the other group 
and he may find himself the butt of 

their ridicule for being a failure and 
remaining in the *'baby" class. 

Children, who are socially and emo- 
tionally immature, do benefit from this 
additional time for growth. Therefore, 
age, development, and social activities 
of the Student and his friends should be 

Also in the areas of social and emo- 
tional immaturity are the criteria of 
chronological age and physical size. 
Projections must be made as to whether 
the child's physical development will be 
such, that as he grows older, he will 
stand out as an obvious physical misfit. 
The small child is more likely to fit into 
his new class than a larger child. The 
oversized boy may tum into a discipline 
Problem and may compensate for his 
lack of academic prowess by becoming 
a bully. 

Time must be spent with the child's 

(conti nued on page 44) 

bance, or minimal neurological im- 
pairment providing other means are 
also used to help the child. A child 
could be referred for psychotherapy 
and retained, or given supplemental 
tutoring and retained if this seems 
the best course of action. 



• It is necessary to prepare 
both child and parents well in ad- 
vance for the possibility that reten- 
tion will be necessary. Several 
parental Conferences should be held 
throughout the year informing the 
mother and father of the child's lack 
of progress. 

Obviously, extreme tact is needed 
in these Conferences and retention 
per se need not be discussed too 
early. Conferences should be held to 
keep the parents informed. 

When a definite decision for re- 
tention is being entertained, the par- 
ents should be called in to discuss 
this possibility as forthrightly and 
honestly as possible. It is important 
to obtain the parents' complete con- 
sent, and it may be necessary to call 
in the school social worker to see the 
parents several times to lay the 
groundwork for this. 

If parents still will not consent, 
then it is necessary to decide wheth- 
er a retention will really be helpful 
after all. Consider the effect of such 
a decision upon the home atmo- 
sphere for the child. Weigh just how 
much Cooperation parents will give 
teachers if retention is elTected 
against their will. In only rare in- 
stances, can the school feasibly pro- 
ceed in the face of extreme parent 

• LINGS. If a retention will 
mean that a child will be placed in 
the same grade as a younger brother 
or sister, even if not in the same 
classroom, the effects of this upon 
the child left back need tD be care- 
fully assessed. Probably never 
should a sibling be placed in the 
same classroom as a younger one. 
It may be necessary to transfer the 
child to another school to avoid such 
a Situation. 

• cases of excessive absence 
which have helped lead to classroom 
failure, the cause of the absences 
must be "rooted out." If the child 
has been legitimately ill for a period 
of time, a child can be given bedside 
teaching if a parent requests it and 
a written Statement recommending 
it is obtained from a doctor. 

In other cases, a teacher can see 
to it that materials for study are 
sent home and can keep in contact 
with the parent to indicate the 
Lmportance of keeping up with the 
day-to-day work. 

Where there is much absence, a 
referral should be made to the 
school social worker who will then 
make a home visit to determine the 
cause. Regardless of cause, however, 
in a few cases of excessive absence 
which are directly responsible for 
failure in a grade, it may be deemed 
advisable to retain a child if other 
criteria are met and with the füll Co- 
operation of parents. 



• In many schools, if a child is 

retained he often keeps the same 
teacher. Some honest soul-searching 
needs to be done to decide if such a 
placement will be most advanta- 
geous for the child. If he has failed 
once with a teacher, what are his 
chances of succeeding in the next 
year with the same teacher? 

If a retention must be made, it is 
often advisable to change his teach- 
er, too, if possible. Consideration 
needs to be given to what kind of 
teacher can best work with this 
child. Size of class is also of impor- 
tance. If a class is already large, it 
is doubtful whether the retained 
child will get the extra time and 
attention he needs to help him 

It is also important to be aware 
of the composition of children in the 
classroom. If the class already has 
many problems in it, does it make 
sense to add another one? Or if the 
children in the class have been 
known in the past to isolate atypical 
children or to tease them, what will 
be the effect of this upon the child 

Very careful consideration needs 
to be given to all these criteria be- 
fore recommending retention. The 
purpose of retention, after all, is 
only to give the child an added 
Chance for classroom success, which 
will prepare him for a more produc- 
tive and happier life. If retention 
will lead to any other outcome than 
this, think it all over again. 

Dr. Barsky is an assistant professor of 
reading at Jersey City State College. 
Dr. Willis is director of guidance and 
special educational Services for Bloom- 
ficld schools. 

MAY, 1969 






by Kenneth D. Wann 

Nearly all the social and scientific concepts 

the individual will have during his 

lifetime are initiated in these early years. 

Kinder gartners are ready for challenging intellectual and social experiences. 

How DO MOST people envisage 

Is it regarded as little more than a 
place where five-year-olds play games, 
learn nursery rhymes, listen to stories, 
sing songs, dance, and make pretty 
things to take home? 

Some people think of today's kinder- 
garten as a readiness Institution, a place 
where children are drilled in skills they 
will need in the first grade. The result 
has been that much time has been spent 
with workbooks or packaged readiness 

The fact is that neither of these ideas 
about kindergarten satisfies a modern 
concept of the kind of school experience 
needed by today's young child. 

Kindergartners are ready for chal- 
lenging intellectual and social experi- 
ences. There is much that is important 
for them to learn — not because we must 
ready them to learn something eise, but 
because there are things that they need 
to learn at this age. There is content 
for the kindergarten. It is not elementary 
school content brought down a year or 

Today's youngsters live closely with 
others in an exciting, fast-moving world 
that provokes their curiosity and under- 
standing as children of past generations 
were never challenged. They travel 
widely with their families. They view 
television, see movies, and listen to 
radio. They are in contact with people 
and with events that supply a wealth of 
information and feed their already- 
active imaginations. 

Young children struggle to make 
sense out of the many things they hear 
and see around them. They struggle to 

Dr. Wann is a professor at Teachers Col- 
lege, Columbia University, The Review is 
grateful to the NBA Department of Ele- 
mentary 'Kinder garten-Nursery Education 
for its assistance in making this article 
available to our readers. 


put together the pieces of the complex 
Puzzle that is their world. 

Learning the rules of your peers when 
you are four or five or six can also be 
trying and troublesome. Outside the 
home, his peers accept him for what he 
is. Or more specifically, only if what 
he does meets the peer code. He must 
give as much as he expects to receive. 
He must share his toys. He must take 
turns. If he pushes or hits, he gets 
pushed or hit. He must learn to cooper- 
ate and to help with group enterprises. 
He must become more independent. He 
must be able to do things for himself 
and to cope with problem situations 
that arise when playing with his toys 
and his playmates without undue reli- 
ance on adults. 

Socialization is demanding 

This process of socialization, which 
is a significant part of the kindergart- 
ner's development, is demanding. Suc- 
cess here will be important to family 
life, to academic pursuits, to business 
and professional activities throughout 
his life. 

Our newer understanding of what is 
involved in the process of socialization 
should cause us to question many pres- 
ent kindergarten practices. The short, 
one-half-day sessions in which there is 
a great rush to get "everything" done 
do not provide enough time for effective 
child guidance. Overcrowded situations 
with too many children and too few 
adults place a great strain on the child's 
socialization. Twenty-five children with 
one adult is too many. Young children 
are struggling to move away from their 
adult-centered world. They must not be 
pushed too rapidly into a peer-centered 
world. They need the security of ample 
adult attention as they try their footing 
in what for them is a new world. The 
overemphasis found in many kinder- 

gartens on total-group activities — play- 
ing games, listening to stories, showing- 
and-telling, following directions — do not 
adequately provide for essential indi- 
vidual activities and guidance. 

There has been a tendency to de- 
emphasize intellectual development in 
planning education programs for young 
children. There has been the fear of over 
challenging and frustrating the kinder- 
gartner. To be safe, we have feit that 
the content and activities offered a child 
should emerge from his day-by-day liv- 
ing experiences. There is a growing re- 
cognition, however, that the "emerging 
curriculum" concept is not adequate if 
a child's intellectual development is to 
be effectively challenged. 

We are coming to see that intelligence 
develops step-by-step throughout the 
child's growth. Few traits or potenti- 
alities are fixed at birth. Recognizing the 
significance of the young child's trans- 
actions with his environment in develop- 
ing his learning potential, the kinder- 
garten must provide many carefully 
planned opportunities for such experi-l 
ences so that each child can develop his| 
maximum learning potential. Nearly all 
the social and scientific concepts the 
individual will have during his lifetime | 
are initiated in these early years. 

As he seeks to explore and clarify the 
phenomena around him, the child needs 
help in his struggle to sort things out[ 
and to relate them to what is alreadvi 
understood. Children work at this searchl 
for meaning in wonderful ways often 
not recognized by adults as genuine 
attempts to learn. Children play things 
out, exploring the roles of people the 
contact or the meaning of events the '| 
have observed. They make Statement 
that are really questions asking for adul 
clarification and extension of ideas an 

This is all a part of conceptualizi 
tion — an essential intellectual task o i| 


which children begin early. They at- 
tempt to use associative thinking, to 
generalize, to see cause-and-effect rela- 
tionships, to make inferences, and to 
reach logical conclusions. Closely allied 
to the intellectual task of conceptualiza- 
tion is the task of mastering cur lan- 
guage, which involves the development 
of an extensive vocabulary and the abil- 
ity to employ many syntactical struc- 
tures. These skills are absolutely 
essential to a child's intellectual and 
social development. 

The curriculum must be planned in 
terms of long-range conceptual goals. 
Activities and materials must be de- 
signed and introduced to build toward 
these goals. 

In planning the kindergarten curric- 
ulum, certain root learnings must be 
derived from key concepts. These are 
learnings appropriate for young children 
that lay the foundation for other learn- 
ings to follow and that build toward a 
broader and deeper understanding of 
the key ideas from the disciplines. 

In preparing the way for later learn- 
ings in Science, for example, young 
children must be helped to observe care- 
fully the properties and characteristics 
of objects and life in their environment, 
to begin to classify and categorize these 
things by certain distinctive character- 
istics, and to observe and describe the 
interaction and interdependence of 
things they observe. 

Once goals are defined and appropri- 
ate early learnings identified, activities 
and materials must be introduced to 
build toward the learnings so identified. 
This approach attempts to identify con- 
cepts children need to understand their 
World and begins to build the roots of 
these in kindergarten. Children are 
helped to explore the world around 
them, through a variety of activities and 
materials so they can begin to organize 

(continued on page 37) 

Flora D. Lally, president of the N.J. Assn. of Kindergarten 
Educators and teacher at New Brunswick's Lincoln School, 
illustrates that "first-hand experiences and personal exploration 
continue to be childhood's best way of learning." 

MAY, 1969 




of the Cities 

Can the schools respond? 

by David N. Alloway 
and Francesco Cordasco 

need a fixation point. In cur de- 
prived inner-cities, it has been the vicious 
circle of "Three E's'' — education, em- 
ployment, and environment. They have 
dominated and miserably rendered lives. 
Thus, it is here that prime attention is to 
be focused if we hope to begin to solve 
inner-city problems. 

It is piain that the real place to begin 
to breakthrough is in education. With- 
out correcting this problem first, the 
other two will almost continually defy 
efFective Solution at all. 

Not only has the public educational 
System almost wholly failed the ghetto 
dweller, but it is also failing his children 
as well, thus condemning yet another 
generation to this same vicious cycle. 
Black parents, just like white, are dcdi- 
cated to the principle of progrcss. They, 
too, want to do better by their children 
than their parents have bcen able to do 
by thcm. They love and hope for them 
just as white parents do. Many had de- 
spaired of any real amelioration of the 
Problem. But now, for the first time, they 
have some real hope for the future and 
nowhere is this hope more strenuously 
directed than to the welfare of their chil- 

The circle of the Three E's is not really 
difficult to comprehend. Perhaps the very 
obviousncss of it is what has so long 
stood in the way of our realizing how im- 
portant it really was. Strangely enough, 

Dr. Alloway is an associate profcssor of 
social of^'X and Dr. Cordasco a profcssor of 
education at Montclair State Collcj^c. This 
articie is hascd on their niono^raph ''The 
A^ony of the Cities: Vrhan Problems in 
Contemporary America*' developed from a 
Seminar series held last fall ander the aus- 
pices of N.J. State Department of Edu- 
cation, N.J. Council for Social Studies, 
Rüthers University Bureau of Community 
Services, and Montclair State College. 

too, it took College disruptions by more 
articulate white students to raisc the kind 
of questions that the deprived probably 
feit for so long and yet were never quite 
able to put into words. That was rele- 

Perhaps, it was the white College stu- 
dents who helped the depressed ghetto 
dwellers articulate their own problem. 
Students began to take issue with the 
irrelevance of what was imposed upon 
them by the ''prescribed curriculum." 
It was no longer so sacred and beyond 
question. It was on the block. As a re- 
sult, some began to wonder if the public 
school prescribed curriculum was rele- 
vant to the black (or other minority) 
Community as well. Was it only a white 
curriculum for white children which es- 
sentially robbed all non-white minority 
groups of any opportunity to perceive of 
themselves as anything more than ad- 
juncts to American life? Were they being 
led to perceive themselves as sccond- 
class Americans, virtually forever con- 
signed to the backwaters of American 
life with the poorer Jobs, the lesser op- 
portunities, and the least desirable of 

Before thcse questions were being seri- 
ously askcd, and in the right places, few 
seemed to have much more to look for- 
ward to than cnervating group sclf-hate 
or its attendant Syndromes of alcoholism, 
narcotics addiction, sexual deviancy, or 
any one of scvcral other typcs of escape 
from this perpctual "hell" in which they 
found themselves. 

The old process, though largely acci- 
dcntal, was really very simple, now that 
we realize how it worked. The educa- 
tional System was completely oriented 
towards the middle class white studenl 
as well as the Anglo-Saxon and Protes- 
tant Student. 

Still, it was a natural enough mistake. 
The bcdrock culturc of America Stretch- 












If education, employment, and environment are among 
the causes of the agony, then the way to correct 
these root problems lies in the painful task 
to be found in renewal, rehabilitation, and realignment. 










ing back to colonial origins was based 
lipon this. We simply saw it as continu- 
ing to prevail and tended to disregard 
other cultural overlays that had been 
added in the meanwhile. 

The ghetto child, on the other band, 
was born in a sub-cultural Variation of 
it. Theirs was a lower class culture, often 
a non-white culture, and frequently a 
culture that only imperfectly understood 
the superordinate middle class, white 
culture. Thus ghetto children were less 
well conditioned to deal with it, compre- 
hended its perceptions and ideological 
concepts less well, and lacked the subtle 
nuances and special emphasis. The result 
was that many ghetto non-white children 
gave the appearance of being backward, 
stupid, or what was more charitably 
known as "limited' or "slow," if one pre- 
ferred to be genteel about it. This usu- 
ally was bourne out by the so-called 

Probably nothing did more to con- 
demn the ghetto and non-white child to 
the intellectual and academic backwaters 
as those pseudo-scientific, and so-called 
"intelligence" tests which were such the 
rage of one time. Supposedly capable of 
measuring intelligence, they really only, 
and quite imperfectly, measured cultural 
comprehension. Ghetto and non-white 
children always scored significantly 
lower on them. Only occasionally did an 
individual stand out. Consequently psy- 
chologists, guidance counselors, adminis- 
trators, and teachers — in general — con- 
signed them to the "slower" sections 
where they were soon allowed to dis- 
cover that not much was expected of 
them by way of achievement. They also 
usually got the beginning or weaker 
teachers and thus were doubly deprived. 
Here, too, our traditional teacher- 
training practices must also bear a share 
of the blame. Mostly dedicated to sup- 
porting the Status quo perception of 
things, they had all been trained only for 
the middle class white child's needs, cul- 

About the Cover: "The Mothers of Bir- 
mingham" by sculptress E. Weill are 
bronzes in the collect ion of Fairleigh Dick- 
inson University on its Teaneck campus. 

MAY, 1969 

tural orientation, and perceptions of life 
and the world. They also tended to teach 
the way they had been taught, which 
meant they were probably better pre- 
pared for the College prep Student than 
for the non-college bound Student. 

It also became a mark of success as 
a public school teacher to teach high 
school over grade school, to teach Sen- 
iors over freshmen, or to have the Col- 
lege prep sections over the "generals." 
Each maneuvered against the other for 
these dubious hallmarks of success be- 
cause this was the "game" and this was 
the way it was played. The slow child, 
the ghetto child, and the non-white child 
as one 's students was a mark of failure 
in the profession. Escape from them at 
the first possible moment, on the other 
band, was a sign of success. Thus the 
good schools and students always got 
the better; and the poorer schools, with 
the greater need, invariably got the poor- 
est. Little wonder that ghetto schools 
were such a failure and school was such 
a "bust," only to be endured until the 
day one could reach the magic age when 
the law allowed one to quit and go to 

Weak teachers with a perception of 
themselves as academic failures were 
small inspiration to any child with a 
seriously weakened perception of seif to 
begin with. As a consequence, the ghetto 
child tended to look upon the public 
school as almost a medieval torture to 
be endured until he could finally quit. 
Ghetto parents, who had suffered in like 
manner, often shared and reinforced 
this view. For a long time they feit that 
the schools were failing their children, 
but did not see that there was anything 
they really could do. Meanwhile, to their 
suflFering offspring, school remained one 
"awful drag." 

The Problem got progressively worse 
with a vicious multiplying effect. The 
failure of the first "E" (education) 
meant an even bigger one in the second 
(employment). The ghetto child had 
irregulär attendance habits, applied him- 
self with indifference, and gcnerally had 
"turned off" just as much of the public 
school as he possibly could and still 


sqiieeze by. 

As a result, he only read haltingly and 
not with any real degree of comprehen- 
sion. His command of mathematical 
skills was often highly rudimentary as 
well as his speaking and writing skills. 
He coiild not read. He coiild not write. 
He could not communicate. Neither 
could he calciilate. Generally he lacked 
a füll high school education. If he did 
get one in his ghetto school System, his 
diploma was often, at best, only an at- 
tendance certificate rather than a testa- 
ment to any real scholastic achievement 
of any degree of significance. 

Further compounding this was the 
educational revoliition that came aboiit 
after World War II, when a gratefiil na- 
tion voted generous College educational 
grants to millions of returning service- 
men. The number of the College edu- 
cated doubled and then tripled. Sud- 
denly, there was a vast new reservoir of 
better educated individuals competing in 
the Job market, who were winning the 
better Jobs because they were more ar- 
ticulate, competent, and reliable. The net 
eflfect was a considerable raising of the 
educational requirements for almost 
every kind of a job. Where a good high 
school diploma was enough, only a Col- 
lege degree would do and so on down 
the line. 

The effect of all this is not hard to cal- 
CLilate. The ghetto child simply feil off 
the bottom as higher educational require- 
ments foreclosed more and more things 
that previously had been open to him, 
and leaving only the semi-skilled and 
the unskilled occupations, with more 
and more competing for their shrinking 

Automation is blow 

Another serious blow was the rise of 
automation in the semi-skilled and the 
unskilled areas, such as building mainte- 
nance. A machine could usually do the 
Job better, and cheaper, or at least with 
fewer men, than had previously been 
possible. The result was another contrac- 
tion of Job opportunities. 

At the same time, the labor union 
movement was concentrating on the 
Problems of the skilled rather than the 
semi-skilled and the unskilled. And very 
often, the class antagonism problem in 
our Society actually caused many unions 
to take effective measures to exciude the 
non-white, the minority group member, 
and many ghetto dwellers in general 
from Union membership, and therefore, 
from employment in closed shop Indus- 

Thus did the numbers of the ghetto 
unemployed steadily begin to swell in the 
1 950's until they reached crisis propor- 
tions (i.e., over 20%) in the early 1960's. 
The Jobs were just not there to begin 
with and the better Jobs were beyond 
reach. What was there, welfare? 


If the first "E" (education) put them 
at a tremendous disadvantage in the sec- 
ond (employment), it was the second 
that bound them inexorably to the third 
(environment), which meant the ghetto. 
Poor people with poor Jobs, or none, 
are undeniably poor prospects for good 
housing, credit, Stores, or anything eise. 
The ghetto dweller was forced to take 
what no one eise really wanted: the 
slum, the ghetto, and all the greyness 
that it implied. 

Degradation imposed 

Probably few societies in history have 
imposed the degradation and indignity 
upon any so-calied free group in its midst 
as we have literally heaped upon many 
of our ghetto dwellers today. In many 
ways, they can be calied the serfs of the 
twentieth Century, and just as inexorably 
bound to the ghetto by the vicious cycle 
of the Three "E's" as the medieval was 
bound to the manor. Only this time it 
was not any ancient labor contract that 
did it, but the iron and inexorable laws 
of economic reality, educational depri- 
vation, limited employment potential, 
self-hate, and psychological castration. 
These poor have been forced to accept 
the worst accommodations, five in over- 
crowded filth, suffer constant break- 
downs in what insufficient Services they 
did get, put up with rent-gouging, suffer 
price gouging, and slum lordism. 

Thus they became the most badly 
served, the least cared for, and the most 
brutalized and abused of our grand social 
Order which penned them in with eco- 
nomic deprivation, meager welfare, and 
subtie discriminations in the form of spe- 
cial clauses, restrictive covenants, real 
estate practices, price discriminations, 
Union ruies, employment biases, and so 
on, and on, and on, almost without end. 
Probably nothing contributed more to 
their general despair or fed the flames 
of hope's realization than this third "E," 
their environment. It was indignity with 
a vengeance, and deprivation with fe- 

Thus the Three E's multiply and Com- 
pound one another. Education bred poor 
employment opportunity which bound 
them to their environment. The result 
was despair and little or no incentive to 
even try to do better in school. Thus it 
went round and round, generation after 
generation, until the usual ghetto malaise 
set in — alienation and anomie. 

But this is a two-edged sword that can 
cut both ways. In despair it produced 
resignation, self-hate, and a desire for 
escape. Without hope, it produced vio- 
lent explosion and a grim determination 
to die rather than continue to be bound 
up in this inexorable cycle. It finally be- 
came too hard to be patient when every- 
thing was so bad. 

If it is the Three E's that are among 
the root causes of the agony of the city. 

it is certainly equally true that the way 
to correct the root causes probably lies 
in the painful task to be found in the 
three R's (renewal, rehabilitation, and 
realignment). In every instance, the 
three E's will have to be renewed, re- 
habilitated, or realigned. And, in many 
instances, this will include the need to 
do all three simultaneously. 

In education, it is painfully piain that 
the Standard measures of curriculum, 
measurement, and teacher training are 
inadequate for the black, the minority, 
and the ghetto Student. All three are 
almost meaningless to these children, 
and maybe to a good many others as 

The mores and folkways, as well as 
the basic cultural biases in them, reflect 
those only of the middle class, not of 
either the aspiring or the depressed Iower 
class Student. In fact, they tend to make 
depression worsc and to choke off aspira- 

As a result, education has tended to 
turn these children away from the public 
schooling they so desperately need 
simply because it is simply not their 
"bag." The public school is an island of 
unreality in the middle of a sea of des- 
perate need. It is the one great hope of 
being able to break the vicious circle and 
still it continues to fail. 

The minority Student must learn basic 
skills to get a better job. He must get a 
better job to escape ghetto life. What has 
to be renewed here is his interest in the 
public school. And, the public school has 
to be rehabilitated in terms of its curricu- 
lum, ethos, measurement techniques, and 
the way its teachers are trained. 

In many instances, school lines have 
to be realigned to ease overcrowding or 
to get a reasonable racial mixing in order 
that they more realistically correspond 
to the Profile of the Community (and 
region) as a whole. 

Must renew faith 

Faith must be renewed in the public 
school. To do this, formulae for State 
and federal aid have to be drastically 
realigned to take cognizance of the fact 
that merely counting bodies is not a very 
helpful way to ascertain real need, and 
neither is the old method of using a basic 
tax base either. Some ghetto districts 
have overwhelming needs that equal two 
or three times the average need within 
the State just to get the ghetto schools up 
to the basic average level of all schools 
within any State. 

The physical plant of most ghetto 
schools needs drastic rehabilitation, and, 
even more often, complete replacement! 
Inferior maintenance and neglect for so 
long makes them impossibly expensive 
to maintain and uneconomic to continue 
to use. 

This is true of all public Service Cen- 
ters in ghettos: fire stations, police sta- 


tions, hospitals, welfare centers, etc. 
They tend to be too small, too old, too 
underequipped, and too few in niimber 
for the numbers they must serve. These 
too will have to be renewed where they 
have faded, rehabilitated where they still 
can be saved. The guidelines by which 
Services are apportioned within a city 
will have to be realigned to more realis- 

tically correspond to the impacted popii- 
lation since health, fire, and domestic 
hazards in the ghettos are again several 
times the usiial ratios found on a per 
person basis elsewhere. 

Related to the school, and to the city 
Problem in general, is the identification 
Problem. Much of the incessant discon- 
tent we find in the ghetto stems, in part, 
from the fact that there is no real social 
institution with which residents there can 
reasonably identify as individuals. More 
and more of them have to come to be- 
lieve in the public school as their means 
of salvation, via the job route especially. 
They must come to regard it as theirs 
and not of some far off other group, as 
now so often is the case. We have seen 
many glimmerings of this, such as the 
school crisis problem in New York City. 

The adults of the ghetto need the pub- 
lic school almost as badly as their chil- 
dren do. Many of them have a desperate 
need to learn certain essential skills: 
how to manage a household and budget 
one's income, how to determine compar- 
ative values, how to show the most for 
one's food purchases, how to keep a 
home clean and sanitary, how to best 
care for a child, how to nurse the ill, and 
what personal hygiene is really all about. 

Realign school thinking 

This means a realignment of thinking 
on the part of the administrative staff 
from the traditional morning through 
afternoon session where schools are 
closed after the children leave. In some 
areas, the schools would do well to re- 
main open 24-hours a day and 365-days 
a year for use by adults, not only as a 
training center, but as a badly needed 
Community recreation and assembly cen- 
ter. To others, it may even serve as a 
refuge in times of severe family crisis. 

One of the new attitudes that has been 
developing out of all of this militancy, 
crisis, and furor is a growing perception 
on the part of the ghetto dweller that he 
really has a right to demand that the pro- 
fessional staff — be it educational, police, 
medical, fire, welfare, or whatever — re- 
ally care about them, their well-being, 
their children, and their needs and not 
just make perfunctory gestures in these 

A sense of purpose often has to be 
renewed in many Professionals who have 
become jaded by the drabness around 
them. Some will have to rehabilitate pro- 
fessional skills to make them more effec- 
tive in dealing with some of the special 
kinds of needs and ills to be found essen- 
tially only in the ghettos. A lot of tradi- 
tional thinking will have to be realigned, 
or a lot of professional staff will have to 
be reassigned to help bring at least some 
improvement in this. Perhaps, some Pro- 
fessionals in all these areas need a change 
of scene for a while to resensitize them. 

Many may have seen so much drabness, 
so much misery, so much failure that 
they have become inured to it. 

Certainly, we will have to realign the 
general idea in all of our cities that has 
so long and so traditionally held to the 
notion that everything had to be organ- 
ized, run, or operated along only one 
philosophical or cultural line. The cities 
are diverse and have to realign their in- 
stitutions, functionings, and Operations 
to take this diversity reasonably into ac- 
count. There simply no longer is room 
in any city for a superordinate philoso- 
phy to thrust its perceptions of right, 
wrong, good, bad, proper, and improper 
upon all the rest. 

In our cities there really is no longer 
any such thing as a real majority. What 
we now have is a mass of minorities that 
form floating alliances which reshape, 
reform, and realign as issues difTer and 
develop. It never stays fixed. Yet, we still 
try to operate our cities as if it did. We 
must renew a basic faith in people as 
people and to act decently for the most 
part. We must rehabilitate many of our 
functioning precepts, and we must re- 
align our ideas to conform more to basic 
urban realities rather than to romantic 
notions from the last Century, the last 
decade, or sometimes as recently as last 

Something desperately in need of re- 
newal, rehabilitation, and realignment is 
the State of relations between races and 
ethnic groups in our inner cities. They 
are literally at each others' throats and 
seem to be thoroughly disinclined to 
even want to do very much about it. 
The idea of brotherhood and Community 
identity, above and beyond just racial or 
ethnic identity, must somehow be re- 

At one time, groups at least generally 
tolerated each other. Frayed relation- 
ships will have to be drastically rehabili- 
tated and repaired or the city's agony 
will most certainly never end. This is one 
of the most frustrating of all the city's 
Problems with which we try to deal. 
Surely, we will have to realign our 
thoughts, our stereotypes, our prejudices, 
our biases, and the whole congerie of 
related aspects if this is ever to get any- 
where. This may be the most painful of 
all, because it tends to strike at some of 
our most cherished and mistaken abso- 

In other areas, social programs prob- 
ably will have to be altered. People must 
not get the idea that the war on poverty 
is only for blacks, or that housing re- 
newal is only for the middle class, or that 
good education is only for whites. There 
might be much virtue in deemphasizing 
ethnic, color, and racial identifications 
with our social programs. 

Environmentally, a good deal of re- 
newal, rehabilitation, and realignment is 

(continued on page 46) 



Capital Outlook — 


Head Start Needs Earlier Start 

■ A ncw fcdcral orticc has becn recommended to control 
Head Start. Follow Throiigh, and othcr carly childhood and 
day-carc programs. The ncw child devclopment agcncy 
would be creatcd directly iindcr HEW Sccretary Robert H. 

As such a move was contemplatcd last month in 
Washington, two major announcements shook Head Start 
Slipporters. The Administration indicated it will rediicc the 
number of children in siimmer Head Start programs by 
200,000 or 50 per cent. The money saved would be used to 
put about 50,000 more children in year-round Head Start 
programs. The total in year-round programs this year is 

Sccretary Finch said summer programs for preschool 
children have proved to be of "limited effectivencss" and 
that "the Head Start experience needs to be reinforced 
through greater program length and continuity." He added, 
however, that there will be no incrcase in the money re- 
quested by the former administration for fiscal 1970. 

This news preceded release by the U.S. Office of Eco- 
nomic Opportunity of a study by the Westinghouse Learning 
Corp. and Ohio University which asserted that poor chil- 
dren who participated in Head Start programs were not 
appreciably better ofT than equally disadvantaged children 
who did not participate. 

The controversial study was immediately challenged by 
Head Start experts. Dr. Martin Deutsch, director of the 
New York University Institute for Developmental Studies, 
cautioned against a government "cop-out.'' 

Administrative aides claimed though, that the study only 
Supports "deepening" of the program to make its benefits 
available to children at an earlier age and lengthening the 
program to make certain than whatever benefits children 
receive from it are not lost as they proceed through later 

Sccretary Finch also called for a "substantiar' expansion 
of the Follow Through program — which seeks to carry the 
Head Start approach through later grades — by encouraging 
school boards to divert other program funds to such an 

Call for Quality and Relevance 

■ The failure of professional education courses to relate 
to "real situations as they exist in schools and Commu- 
nity" was the chief gripe at recent hearings on teacher 

Billed as a "Listening Post," the three days of hearings 
were conducted by a subcommittee of the N.J. State Board 
of Examiners. 

Representatives of professional organizations and teacher- 
preparation Colleges who testified agreed that "the mere 
counting of courses is no guarantee of adequate prepara- 
tion of teachers." Much of the testimony revealed that crit- 
icism of professional courses "is not directed at their being 
required, but rather to their failure." 

"Quality and relevance" was the great concern. Some 
organizations called for course instructors to be experienced 
in both suburban and urban schools. 

Additional testimony suggested that "some agency or 
added evaluative criteria is needed to efTectively evaluate 
a candidate's competency in the classroom before final 
certification is issued." A proven Performance evaluation 
was suggested as the prime criteria which could be pro- 


vided as part of an intern program. 

Testimony strongly indicated that those preparing to 
teach in inner-city schools meet the same certification 
requirements but have "extended and early involvement" 
with children living in all kinds of environmcnts. 

The Office of teacher education and certification in the 
N.J. State Department of Education was commended fre- 
quently for its leadership in reciprocal certification with 
other States. At its March meeting. the State Board of Edu- 
cation requested legislation embodying its previous commit- 
ments and practices that support an interstate agreement 
which extends certification reciprocity to all 50 states. 

The Education Commission of the States may take over 
administration of the Interstate Certification Project. The 
project is currently financed by ESEA Title V funds. ECS 
otlicials are already looking for foimdation help to finance 
the program next year after federal funding runs out in 
December. A formal resolution for ECS takeover of the 
project will be voted on by ECS in July. 

From Job Corps to Skills Centers 

■ The Administration in Washington has recommended 
that 59 of 106 Job Corps Centers in the nation be closed. 
Political opponents are charging such action is "throwing 
thoiisands of boys and girls to the dogs." 

The move, which according to White House sources 
would save about $100 million, will mean that half of the 
35,000 Job Corpsmen will be sent home before July 1. Scc- 
retary of Labor George P. Shultz testified before the House 
Education and Labor Committee that none of the Corpsmen 
would be thrown "on the street." Fach Job Corpsmen. he 
stated, would get a chance to transfer to another camp, 
accept a job, or be absorbed in a related youth training 

The Administration proposes instead spending about $24 
million for new skills centers in about 30 urban areas that 
would accommodate 4.600 young people. 

Sccretary of Health, Education and Weifare Robert H. 
Finch reported to Congrcss last month that skills centers 
are proving "highly efTective." More than 450,000 persons 
have already completed training under the Manpower De- 
velopment and Training Act in a wide variety of skills since 
that program got underway in 1962. Of these. 85 per cent 
obtained Jobs and 75 per cent were still employed. 

"It is all the more remarkable," Sccretary Finch noted. 
"because more than two-thirds of those trained were classi- 
fied as disadvantaged and more than half were school 

The multi-occupational, sclf-contained facility provides 
counseling and related Services, work orientation, basic and 
remedial education. and classroom skill training in a variety 
of occupations. The center institutes courses quickly in re- 
sponse to shortages in skilled occupations and terminates 
them when the need no longer exists. 

Congrcss in its last session extended the life of the 
MDTA program to December 1972. 

Follow Through Aides Develop Careers 

■ Teacher aides and commimity workers from Follow 
Through projects in Newark a id Trenton will begin studies 
at Glassboro S. C. this summer under a federally-financed 
career development program. 

In most cascs, the U.S. Ollice of Education says, partici- 


pants will not need high school diplomas to quaiify for the 
siipplemcntary training. Thcy may begin thcir studies, 
which offer College credit, after meeting high school eqiiiva- 
lency requirements or successfully completing a required 
niimber of College courses. 

Supplementary training is already available to non-pro- 
fessional Follow Throiigh staff members in Lakewood at 
Glassboro S. C. 

Library Services for Disadvantaged 

■ Funds for projects to improve Services to residents of 
poverty areas are being awarded to libraries in Newark. 
Trenton, Atlantic City, Cape May County, Monmoiith 
County, and Glen Rock. 

Roger H. McDonough, director of the N.J. State Library, 
announced that federal grants will siipport programs "to 
bring meaningfui library materials within convenient rcach 
of traditional non-readers." 

Newark and Trenton libraries are being helped to assist 
Model Cities agencies develop relevant Services in target 

The State Library is also Sponsoring training sessions for 
librarians on new techniques and meaningfui materials for 
residents of disadvantaged areas. 

Collections in depth are available for loan to New Jersey 
libraries from the State Library on Afro-American history, 
social issues, and children's books in Spanish. 

While New Jersey plans were moving ahead, the Admin- 
istration in Washington revealed last month — during Na- 
tional Library Week — that its revised budget would take a 
heavy toll on federal funds for school and public libraries. 

The original 1970 budget request for library programs 
under the Higher Education Act, the Library Services and 
Construction Act, and ESEA Title II amounted to $134.5 
million. The Administration 's revised budget proposed slash- 
ing this down to some $46 million. 

For Affirmative Action 

■ Recent reorganization of the N.J. Division on Civil 
Rights has created a new Bureau of Affirmative Action that 
is "prepared to move promptly and effectively." 

James H. Blair, division director, indicates the bureau 
is "new in concept in that it will not have to wait for indi- 
vidual complaints." 

The civil rights director wams that local boards of edu- 
cation, State Colleges and universities, and even some State, 
county, and municipal agencies "might do well to reexamine 
their present philosophies and practices." 

linder tlie Umbrella 

■ Members of the American Assn. of School Administra- 
tors have approved continued, but more limited, affiliation 
with the National Education Assn. 

By a vote of more than 10-to-l, members approved 
amending their Constitution to make AASA an *'associated 
Organization" of NEA. 

Although NEA is an umbrella Organization, the vast 
majority of its LI million-members are classroom teachers 
or other instructional personnel. The AASA, composed 
mainly of school administrators, and the NEA have occa- 
sionally found themselves on opposite sides of the fence, 
especially on such issues as teacher militancy, strikes and 

sanctions. teacher-school board negotiation, and teacher 
participation in school policy-making. 

The new AASA Status is the loosest affiliation of three 
categories. At its annual Convention in Atlantic City in 
February, AASA passcd a resolution endorsing the action 
of its executive committee in recommending the associated 
Organization Status. 

The resolution pointed to the mutual advantage in hav- 
ing complete autonomy ''to serve the interest of their 
(AASA and NEA) members through actions that occasion- 
ally may differ or even conflict in any given Situation.'' At 
the same time, the resolution added, "Cooperation enables 
them to discuss areas of disagreement and maintain mutual 
understanding as well as to combine their strength to ad- 
vance projects of common concern of all educators." 

Hew Jersey Educators in tlie News 

■ Mrs. Reisa Sweet of Lakewood, first-grade teacher in 
Jackson, was awarded a Hilda Maehling Fellowship by the 
NEA Assn. of Classroom Teachers. The grant is being 
used to provide sensory materials for a reading program 
for children with learning disabilities. 

Dr. Daniel Ringelheim, associate professor of educa- 
tional psychology at New York University, was appointed 
director of pupil personnel Services for the N.J. State 
Department of Education. He succeeds Dr. Boyd E. Nelson, 
who retired last September as director of special education. 

Richard L. Block, music Supervisor for Ridgewood 
schools, has been named chairman of the education ad- 
visory panel of the North Jersey Cultural Council. The 
group is assisting in the development of visual and perform- 
ing arts for Bergen County schools. 

The Society of State Directors for Health, Physical Edu- 
cation and Recreation honored Dr. Everett L. Hebel of the 
N.J. State Department of Education with its national award 
for "his outstanding contributions." 

The N.J. Historical Commission has appointed Bernard 
Bush as its executive director. Mr. Bush, former historical 
editor and chief of the history section in the State Library's 
archives and history bureau, will also plan a statewide ob- 
servance of the American Revolution Bicentennial in the 
1 970's. 

Dr. Robert M. Worthington, assistant State commissioner, 
has been installed as a member of the National Advisory 
Council on Vocational Education. 

John E. Radvany, former director of the Newark Man- 
power Training Skills Center, now heads a new office in 
the State Department of Education to develop programs 
in urban occupational education. Emmett E. Spurlock serves 
as an assistant director in the new office. George R. Quarks 
succeeds Mr. Radvany as director of the Newark Skills 

Arthur C. Wenzel has been appointed director of the 
State Departments Manpower Development and Training 

Dr. Joel S. Whitman, assistant professor of education at 
Trenton S.C., was named to the executive board of the 
Council of Higher Education Institutions affiliated with 
WNDT— New York City (Channel 13). 

Mrs. Ruth Mancuso of Glassboro, immediate past Presi- 
dent of the National School Boards Assn. and member of 
the N.J. State Board of Education, has been appointed a 
board member of the AASA National Academy for School 

MAY, 1969 


Quality Education & Size 





T^Tew Jersey is the complex society 
i^ of which it is a part. It has within 
its borders iirban, siiburban, and rural 
commiinities. It is heavily indiistrialized, 
but has large agricultiiral interests. It is 
a wealthy State with pockets of abject 
poverty. It is pressiired on north and 
south by expanding metropolitan areas 
whose development will greatly affect 

its futiire. 

New Jersey has a diverse population 
with unique educational needs. The 
democratic principle of offering equal 
educational opportunities to all children 
for the maximum development of their 
abilities, combined with this diversity, 
places great demands on New Jersey's 
educational System. 

A good school program should de- 
velop young people in such areas as: 

1 . Positive self-concept 

2. Skills and understandings of Com- 
munications, numerical computation 
and of the physical and social world 

3. Cognitive skills and behavior which 
encourage creativity and analytical 

4. Aesthetic and cultural sensitivity and 

5. Sound mental and physical health 

6. Occupational skills 

7. Responsible citizenship 

8. Ethical values 

If a fundamental principle of a sound 
education means offering maximum op- 
portunities for learning to all children 
according to their abilities and needs, 
then one can examine facilities, curric- 
ulum, and staff as measures of quality. 
These Clements, in large measure, delin- 
eate the opportunity in a school. 

Professional Staff Qualifications 

Research indicates a positive relation- 
ship between measurable professional 
qualifications of teachers and size of en- 
rollment. E. James Maxey and Donald 
Thomas in "Selected Comparisons of 
Teacher and Curriculum Characteristics 

* This article is based on part of the ''Report 
of the State Committee To Study the Ne.xt 
Steps of Regionalization and Consolidation 
in the School Districts of New Jersey" (The 
Mancuso Report). In its next issue in Sep- 
tember, the Review will focus on how New 
Jersey's educational needs can be met by 
school district reorganization. 


"No. 41" by Burton Wasserman 

and Size of High Schools" found schools 
with larger enrollments had teachers 
with better preparation in terms of Se- 
mester hours of course work. They also 
found that larger districts pay teachers 
better salaries. 

These findings — an increase in teacher 
qualification and salaries as the size of 
the district increased — were noted in 
virtually all of the research. A study 
done for this committee* by Engelhardt, 
Engelhardt and Leggett, educational 
Consultants, entitled "Pilot Study of 
School District Reorganization, State of 
New Jersey," found a similar relation- 
ship in New Jersey's school districts. 

Superior schools in the State were 
studied to determine what qualities they 
had in common and how they differed 
from the average. County superinten- 
dents were asked to name the two Sys- 
tems in their counties which they feit 
were providing the finest educational 

programs. Regional high school districts 
were eliminated from consideration. 

Of the 27 superior school Systems 
serving K-12, none had fewer than 1,000 
students and only two had fewer than 
2,000. Although 61 per cent of the K-12 
Systems in New Jersey had less than 
4,000 students in 1965-66, only one- 
third of the superior school Systems 
were in this size ränge. 

The study reported that the selected 
superior districts have a higher percent- 
age of teachers with advanced degrees. 
In the median of the superior districts, 
25 to 29 per cent of the staff have mas- 
ter's degrees or better, while the median 
for the State is 1 5 to 19 per cent. 

Among educators there is increasing 
concern for the total teaching environ- 
ment. School districts should be of a 
size conducive to professional Stimula- 
tion and flexibility. Many authorities 
consider staff needs a major factor in 
proposing minimum and Optimum en- 

Maxey and Thomas found that in 
small districts teachers were more likely 
to teach in more than one or two sub- 
ject areas. They are sometimes required 
to teach in areas for which they are not 
adequately prepared. In small schools, 
the pupil-teacher ratio tends to be 
higher. These factors do not promote 
the maximum use of a teacher's ability 
and training. 

An Ohio Study showed, that in re- 
organized districts great effort was made 
to improve Instruction. Adequate super- 
vision, in-service training programs, ex- 
perimentation with methods and mate- 
rials, use of audio-visual materials and 
specialized personnel were all more in 
evidence in the reorganized districts. 

In Indiana, 2 1 secondary schools were 
combined into 13 reorganized districts, 
As early as the second year after the 
change, the number of teachers with 
master's degrees was 6 per cent greater 
and the number of teachers showing 
recent professional improvement was 
16.5 per cent greater. 

It is also significant that the average 
number of grade levels met by any one 
teacher was reduced from 3.1 to 2.C 
and the average number of preparations 
was reduced from 3.7 to 2.5. The num- 
ber of subject matter areas was reduced 



from 2.0 to 1.2. Fewer teachers had to 
teach in a field other than the major 
field of preparation. 

In an NEA study of the Status of the 
public school teacher in the United 
States, more than 25 per cent of the 
sample stated that the two prime causes 
of discouragement are ( 1 ) lack of time 
to teach and (2) insufficient materials, 
stafT, or funds. The second factor in- 
cluded overcrowding, no provision for 
disturbed pupils, lack of guidance or 
library Services, etc. 

Salary considerations are not the only 
factors influencing a teacher's decision to 
join a given school district. Facilities 
and specialized personnel to Supplement 
and assist teachers are increasingly im- 
portant attractions. Small schools are at 
a distinct competitive disadvantage when 
recruiting teachers. 

Effective administration is essential to 
the development of superior education. 
Creating a total educational environ- 
ment within which an administrative 
staff can function effectively is a task 
often too great for small Systems. There 
is a clear relationship between the size 
of the district and the number of ad- 
ministrative and supervisory personnel 
available for effective Operation. Manatt 
and Netusil in "A Study of Administra- 
tive Cost in Selected School Districts 
of Iowa, Missouri and South Dakota" 
found as district enrollments drop, per 
pupil costs for central administration, 
excluding costs of administering attend- 
ance units, increase rapidly. 

Special Services 

There is little doubt that special Ser- 
vices and programs are more available 
and are of higher quality as size in- 
creases. In Ohio, smaller high schools 
were weaker than large schools in guid- 
ance programs. In Iowa, it was found 
that high schools enrolling 400 to 999 
students ranked highest in terms of em- 
ployment of certificated counselors and 
number of counseling hours available to 

In New Jersey, Engelhardt found the 
number of guidance counselors is rela- 
ted to the size of enrollment. Median 
for the superior districts was higher than 
for the State. For other special Service 
personnel — remedial reading teachers, 
librarians, nurses — the median was the 
same as for the State. However, 30 per 
cent of the superior districts had six or 
more such personnel while only 10 per 
cent of the State as a whole had that 

VocaHonal Education 

Data indicate that graduates of high 
school vocational education programs 
are less likely to be unemployed than 
other high school graduates, that voca- 
tional education graduates do, in fact, 
work in the occupations for which they 

prepare, and that vocational education 
increases their future earnings. 

All evidence indicates that as district 
enrollment increases the largest increase 
in course offerings is noted in foreign 
language, business, technical and voca- 
tional education. 

There is an increasing awareness of 
the need to incorporate vocational edu- 
cation and guidance into the entire K-12 
program. It is no longer realistic to de- 
lay introducing vocational education un- 
til high school. 

The study undertaken to prepare a 
master plan for vocational education 
sees little being done in the small high 
school, but does point to the work 
underway in some of New Jersey's large 
regionalized districts. It is stated in this 
study that the 94 (of 292 schools re- 
porting) which have less than 250 
students per grade have "Vocational 
education facilities and programs . . . 
(which) are very limited and will re- 
main so in the opinion of the super- 

The report continues: "One hundred 
forty seven high schools of the 292 or 
50 per cent of those reporting have en- 
rollments between 1,000 and 2,000. As 
the school becomes larger it is more 
likely to have vocational education fa- 
cilities and programs. Many of the 
regional schools fall into this group and 
many have well-developed programs." 

Breadth of Educational Program 

One of the most relied upon meas- 
ures of a quality school System is the 
breadth of educational opportunity it 
offers in terms of courses given. A na- 
tionwide study in 1965, sponsored by 
the U. S. Office, of Education found 
that numerous courses, normally con- 
sidered beyond basic courses, were 
more often available in larger public 
high schools. These offerings mcluded 
language arts, social studies, mathe- 
matics, science, foreign language, art, 
music, industrial arts, vocational trade 
and industrial and business education. 

A California study focusing on ele- 
mentary schools concluded that districts 
operating only elementary schools with 
fewer than 900 students were too srnall 
to assume füll responsibility for a qual- 
ity educational program. A similar con- 
clusion was reached concerning unified 
K-12 districts of fewer than 1,500 stu- 
dents and high school districts with an 
enrollment under 300. Similar findings 
were reported in studies of many other 
States including Texas, Ohio, Iowa, 
North Carolina, Florida, Illinois, and 
New Hampshire. 

The Engelhardt study in New Jersey 
found that superior schools offered 
more varied courses, indicating greater 
ability to meet the differing needs of 
students. Only 1 1 per cent of the high 
schools in superior districts had fewer 
than 80 courses, while 38 per cent of 

all New Jersey districts serving high 
school grades had schools with such a 
limited curriculum. The median number 
of courses for the State was 80 to 89, 
for the superior districts 90-99. 

After analyzing all high schools in 
the State, the Engelhardt study con- 
cluded that there is a high correlation 
between high school enrollment and 
diversification of curriculum. Some 63 
per cent of the districts had high 
schools offering 80 or more courses. Of 
these districts, 87 per cent had 250 or 
more students per grade. 

It should be noted that the cost per 
pupil is no greater for units with the 
broader curriculum than for those with 
limited offerings. Diversification of cur- 
riculum is primarily a matter of size, 
not cost. 

Finally, among the superior high 
schools there is clearly a willingness 
and ability to adapt to change, to 
experiment with new methods and 
techniques. In New Jersey, these sup- 
plementary opportunities, at the high 
school level, are known as "selected 
practices." The 92 practices fall into 
three categories: curricular, technolog- 
ical, and organizational and miscel- 
laneous. These items are not courses in 
the usual sense but are an attempt to 
improve the quality of education by 
being responsive to new ideas in how 
a subject can be taught more effectively 
and technology can work for schools. 

In a study of selected practices b> 
the division of secondary education of 
the N. J. State Department of Educa- 
tion, 22 per cent of all high schools 
reporting had instituted 20 or more of 
these practices, while 39 per cent of 
the superior high schools in the Engel- 
hardt study had 20 or more. The media 
for all high schools was 12 to 14, for 
high schools in superior districts it 
was 15-19. 

Special Education 

Special education is one of the areas 
which suffers most in a school district 
too small to meet its educational needs. 
Approximately 85,000 youngsters in 
New Jersey now need special education 
and are not receiving it. 

Student Achievement 

Research overwhelmingly supports an 
association between size and Student 
achievement. William Inman, in a Posi- 
tion paper prepared for the Great 
Plains Project entitled '*Size and State 
School System Organization" states that 
in the area of achievement the litera- 
ture strongly suggests that academic 
achievement as measured by scores on 
standardized achievement tests is higher 
in larger schools at both elementary 
and high school levels. 

E. Robert Stephens and John Spiess 
in a review of research in this area 

MAY, 1969 



cited a doctoral dissertation by Stuart 
C. Gray which related size and qualita- 
tive and quantitative factors of cduca- 
tion in Iowa. Gray concluded that 
pupils in Iowa high schools with en- 
rollments over 1,000 had the greatest 
"gain score." Pupils in high schools of 
400 to 999 enrollment achieved the 
highest composite scores. Another dis- 
sertation cited by Stephens and Spiess 
reportcd that in the senior year the 
difTercntial between the largest and the 
smallest high school amounted to a füll 
year's academic growth. 

In rcviewing research with College 
bound Seniors, Stephens and Spiess cited 
a study in which Arkansas high schools 
were classified according to size. There 
wcre fivc categorics ranging from 150 
studcnts or less to over 750. Seniors 
from schools in the three largest classifi- 
cations had significantly higher com- 
posite scores than thosc from the two 

smallest classifications. Similar results 
for 46 Nebraska high schools were re- 
ported. Scholastic attainment increased 
as school size increased until an enroll- 
ment of about 800. 

A major long-term project to study 
the benefits of "reorganization" was be- 
gun in Wisconsin in 1949. Five reorga- 
nized districts were matched with eqiiiv- 
alcnt non-reorganized schools to find 
whether reorganization changed educa- 
tional programs in (1) opportunities for 
youngsters, (2) actual school achieve- 
mcnt of the boys and girls, and (3) 
achicvement and cost of education. The 
study was to cover 1 7 years. 

At the Start of the project, tests of 
mental ability showed the pupils of re- 
organizcd and non-rcorganizcd districts 
to be the same. At the cnd of first grade, 
there were some achicvement fest ad- 
vantages for youngsters in non-reorgan- 
ized districts. At the end of the sixth 

grade, however, both the boys and the 
girls in reorganized districts were supe- 
rior to the pupils from non-reorganized 
districts in 21 out of 22 areas of the 
tests. Further, at the end of ninth grade 
the boys in reorganized districts were 
ahead of the other boys in 8 out of 1 1 
test areas, while the girls from the same 
reorganized districts outscored the other 
girls in all 1 1 test areas. 

Student success in College and its re- 
lationship to the size of the high school 
attended was investigated by Charles H. 
Weaver of the University of North Caro- 
lina. The graduates of large high schools 
in North Carolina averagcd more College 
credit hours from freshman through 
senior year than did graduates of small 
schools. Graduates of the small schools 
had Iower College averages during all 
four years than did graduates of larger 
schools. The graduates of larger schools 
were less prone to failure and more 

The Mancuso Report 


THE State Committee To 
Study the Next Steps of Re- 
gionalization and Consolidation in 
the School Districts of New Jersey 
made its report public on April 2. 
Since its appointment on Jan. 20, 
1967, the committee has collected 
and evaluated data as it related to 
the State's responsibility for equal 
quality educational opportunities 
and the school district's responsi- 
bility to the State and its local 
education program. 

On the basis of its observations 
and the data, the committee con- 
cludes that: 

■ — Quality educational opportu- 
nities to meet their individual needs 
are not equally available to all 
young people in New Jersey. 

■ — Although educational inequi- 
ties are due, in large part, to socio- 
economic factors, particularly in 
cities, school district Organization 
has a profound effect on the quality 
of education. 

Mrs. Ruth H. Mancuso is chairnian of 
the 20-memhcr Committee To Study 
the Next Steps of Re^ionalization and 
Consolidation in the School Districts 
of New Jersey. 

■ — New Jersey will more suc- 
cessfully meet its educational ob- 
ligations if the existing number of 
school districts is reduced by reor- 
ganization based on districts en- 
compassing a total K-12 program, 
and eventually an N-12 program. 

■ — The State share in educa- 
tional costs must bc increased to 
provide incentive and equalization 
among districts to provide a com- 
prehensive quality educational 


The committee proposes the fol- 
lowing recommendations: 


School District 

1. All school districts be organ- 
ized on a K-12 (N-12) basis to 
provide a comprehensive, quality 
education for all pupils. 

2. Constituent districts of region- 
als or districts with sending-receiv- 
ing relationships be reorganized in 
a K-12 district. 

3. Districts which have not main- 

tained nor operated.a school for the 
preceding two years shall become 
part of a reorganized district. 


4. The comprehensive K-12 dis- 
trict enroll a minimum of 3,500 
pupils. (Exceptions to minimum 
may be allowed when the proposed 
district is so extensive as to require 
transportation greater than 45 min- 
utes one way — or the growth of the 
proposed district is projected to be 
sufficient to meet the minimum 
enrollment by 1973.) 


5. School district boundaries be 
primarily within county lines but, 
when feasible and contributory to 
effective reorganization, they shall 
cross county lines. 

6. Each newly created district 
shall respect, as nearly as practi- 
cable, a natural geographic, social 
and economic Community providing 
equalization of opportunity for all 
studcnts, to avoid the creation or 
perpetuation of racial imbalance. 

Master Plan 

7. In the development of the 
county master plan, all school dis- 
tricts be part of the study and in- 
cluded in the final master plan. 

8. The master plan for reorgan- 
ization contain recommendations 




likely to graduate. 

Irvin T. Lathrop did not entirely agree 
with these findings. In examining 
achievement in College and its associa- 
tion with high school size and course 
pattern, he concluded that the pattem of 
studies completed by a Student influences 
College achievement more than does the 
size of the school. He suggested that if 
the small high school could offer the di- 
versity of courses usually foiind in the 
larger school, there would be no differ- 
ence in College achievement between 
graduates of small and large schools. 
The discussion has come füll circle since 
it has been demonstrated that small 
schools cannot offer such a diversity of 

Size of New Jersey's Schools 

The Engelhardt study of New Jersey's 
superior school districts Supports the 

findings of the vast majority of research: 
Larger school Systems provide better 
educational opportunities and produce 
better results. 

For a study of elementary school size, 
grade 6 was chosen. Over one-third of 
the superior school Systems had 500 or 
more pupils in grade 6 in 1965-66, al- 
though only 9 per cent of all school Sys- 
tems in New Jersey had this many. Some 
superior Systems did have small enroll- 
ments — two had fewer than 75 in grade 
6, and 42 per cent had less than 250. In 
New Jersey, however, 78 per cent of 
school Systems serving grade 6 have 
fewer than 250 pupils in that grade. 

Size alone, however, guarantees noth- 
ing. It must be considered in relation to 
program adequacy and quality, the qual- 
ity of the product, the efficiency and 
appropriate use of human and material 
resources and the economy of Operation. 
In Short, size is a flexible concept that 

must be adapted to the needs, aspira- 
tions, and abilities of the Citizens the 
school will serve. These factors would 
determine maximum as well as minimum 
size in a given district. 

Most authorities agree that an Opti- 
mum high school enrollment begins 
around 999 and ranges upward to 2,000. 
The Upper limits of that ränge bring 
important advantages in breadth of 

In September, 1967, seven New Jer- 
sey school districts were operating a 
K-12 school program with an enroll- 
ment of less than one thousand per 
district. This is miniscule compared to 
the number of K-8 districts which were 
operating with less than an enrollment 
of 1 ,000. Here the figure is 229, or over 
38 per cent of all of the districts in the 
State. In fact, of all of the state's 593 
school districts, only 100 had enroll- 

(continued an top of next pa^e) 

for the alleviation of concentrations 
of pupils with educational and 
learning problems. 


1. The county be the basic unit 
for planning reorganization. 

2. Legislation authorize the 
establishment of a county Conven- 
tion of presidents of boards of 
education within each county or 
combined counties for the purpose 
of selecting a Reorganization Com- 

3. The county Superintendent of 
schools convene the Convention of 
presidents of boards of education 
who shall select members of the 
Reorganization Commission. 

4. The Reorganization Commis- 
sion develop a comprehensive mas- 
ter plan for reorganization of 
school districts in the county by 
January 1, 1971. 

5. The county comprehensive 
master plan be submitted, upon its 
completion, to the Commissioner of 
Education for review and approval. 
If not approved, the Commission- 
er's recommendations shall be re- 
viewed and an alternate plan or 
plans shall be submitted to the 
Commissioner for approval. 

6. Public hearings on the ap- 
proved master plan be held within 
the proposed reorganized areas of 
the county or counties. 

7. The Reorganization Commis- 
sion, after consultation with boards 
of education in the proposed reor- 
ganized districts, set the dates for 
referenda to be held in the districts. 
A majority vote in the total pro- 
posed reorganized district shall 
determine approval or disapproval. 

8. A defeated reorganization pro- 
posal be reconsidered by the Com- 
mission and the same or an alter- 
nate plan which meets the criteria 
for reorganization and is approved 
by the Commissioner be submitted 
to the voters in the same manner as 
in recommendation 7. 

9. The State Commission of 
School District Reorganization re- 
view proposals not approved in the 
second referendum and recommend 
a reorganization plan for the af- 
fected districts for review and im- 
plementation by the Commissioner 
and the State Board of Education. 

1 0. Reorganization of school dis- 
tricts under the comprehensive 
county master plan be completed 
by July 1, 1973. The County Reor- 
ganization Commission be dissolved 
upon such completion. 




1. The Governor appoint, with 
the approval of the Senate, seven 
members broadly representative of 
the public schools and citizenry to 

serve on the State Commission on 
School District Reorganization. 

2. The State Commission on 
School District Reorganization 
serve within the State Department 
of Education as an initiating, re- 
view and recommending body on 
reorganizations or decentralizations 
that may be desirable or advisable 
after the completion of county 

3. The State Commission serve 
as recommending body on reorgan- 
ization proposals not approved in 
two referenda. 

4. The Commission shall make 
its recommendations to the Com- 
missioner and the State Board of 
Education. If approved by the 
Commissioner and in accord with 
the criteria, and after a public hear- 
ing, such plan njay be implemented 
by the State Board of Education. 


Bureau of School District 

A Bureau of School District Or- 
ganization be established within the 
State Department of Education to 
provide data, Consultants, and spe- 
cialists to aid County Reorganiza- 
tion Commissions in development 
of master plans. 

State Evaluation Service 

Procedures and materials be de- 

MAY, 1969 




ments of 3,500 pupils or more. Of thc 
group with less than 3,500, 20 operatcd 
no schools at all, 318 were elementary 
districts, 57 were secondary schools (re- 
gional and vocational), and 98 were 
K-12 school Systems. 

If one were to take an elementary 
school enrollment of 500 for compar- 
ison, there are a few interesting statistics 
about New Jersey: 

■ — Of New Jersey's 593 school dis- 
tricts, 1 55 have less than 500 students; 
320 of these are elementary districts 
which must provide secondary ediica- 
tion outside of their districts. 

■—In 1962-63, 289 elementary 
schools had enrollments under 200. Of 
these, 81 had fewer than 100 students. 
There were 565 with less than 300. 

■ — By 1966-67, although the national 
trend was toward consolidation and 
larger schools, there were 108 elemen- 

veloped for cooperative self-stiidy 
of the total school district; and that 
evaluation and approval of the total 
school district be undertaken by the 
State Department of Education. 


1. Intermediate Service Units be 
established on a county or miilti- 
county basis (determined by piipil 
base necessary to provide desired 
Services) to off er such special Ser- 
vices as are needed by local districts 
and are beyond the capability of 
the local district to provide. 

2. The Intermediate Service Unit 
be operated under a policy board 
elected by the participating boards 
of education. 

3. The Intermediate Service 
Unit be financed by the State De- 
partment of Education and by con- 
tract Services with local school 


Board of Education 

The board of education of a re- 
organized district consist of seven 
members elected for a period of five 
years. (In the original Organization, 
number and terms shall be varied 
to provide for an annual election.) 

tary schools with fewer than 100 stu- 
dents, 320 with under 200 and 557 
under 300. 

Finally, remembering that continuity 
throughout a System is essential to com- 
prehensive quality education, it is note- 
worthy that only 198 of the 593 school 
districts in the State operate a complete 
K-12 System. The rest are partial Sys- 
tems — sending districts, or regionals. 
Secondary education is, of course avail- 
able, but it lacks the basic articulation 
and continuity possible in a comprehen- 
sive, planned K-12 System of adequate 


The Engelhardt study recommends a 
minimum of 250 in the graduating class 
for the following reasons: 

1. Two hundred fifty students in 
grade 10 oflfered the possibility of 80 
courses or more at no increase in per 
pupil costs. 

Such reorganized district shall be a 
Type III district. 

Fiscal Responsibility 

1. The Board of Education of 
the newly created district shall 
adopt a budget ordinance after (1) 
approval as to form by the county 
Superintendent of schools, (2) re- 
view with the appropriate combined 
municipal bodies, and (3) public 


2. The board of education in a 
reorganized district adopt a bond 
ordinance for needed capital con- 
struction after ( 1 ) approval of the 
Commissioner of Education, and 
(2) public hearing. The extension 
of credit procedures be followed as 
present requirements under Type 
II district Statutes. 

3. Present Type I and Type II 
districts which are not affected by 
reorganization shall have the legal 
right upon petition of the people 
or action by the board of education 
and a favorable vote of the people 
to become a Type III school 


1. Legislation to permit the dis- 
solution of existing regional school 
districts. (County reorganization 
master plans may necessitate such 
dissolution and reorganization for 

2. The number of course offerings 
dropped significantly as enrollments feil 
below 250 pupils per grade. 

3. Number of central office personnel 
was significantly greater when enroll- 
ments exceeded 250 pupils per grade. 

4. Up to 750 pupils, the percentage of 
teaching stafT with master's degrees m- 
creased as grade enrollment increased. 

5. The number of selected practices 
increased significantly in schools with 
350 or more pupils in grade 10. 

6. The number of special Services 
personnel increased as enrollments in- 

There is a point of diminishing returns 
in a district which should be a guide in 
establishing desirable maximums. For 
New Jersey, the Engelhardt data sug- 
gests that districts with over 11,000 
pupils and/or over 750 students in 
grade 1 have no clear advantage except 

an effective county plan.) 

2. Legislation to permit the dis- 
solution of reorganized districts. 
Such dissolution and reorganization 
may be advisable because of growth 
or for a more efTective school 


The present New Jersey law cov- 
ering tenure personnel be applicable 
in reorganized districts. 


Equalization Aid 

State aid for current expenses be 
an equalized program incorporating 
a guaranteed financial base equal to 
at least the State average equalized 
property value per pupil. 

Minimum Aid 

All districts receive increased 
minimum aid, such aid related to 
equalized property values and qual- 
ity of program. 

Weighting of Pupils 

Pupils be weighted for current 
expense aid based on grade levels 
and additional weight assigned for 
AFDC, public housing, vocational 
education, and for the educationally 
disadvantaged. Weighted aid should 
be provided for approved preschool 
and Summer school programs. 



in niimber of courses, and havc the 
following disadvantages: 

1. Number of pupils per teacher in- 
creased as enrollments in grade 10 
increased and was significantly higher in 
districts having 750 pupils or more per 
grade in high school. 

2. The 13 K-12 districts over 11,000 
all spent less than $600 per piipil. 

3. Number of professional staff mem- 
bers per 1 ,000 pupils tended to decrease 
as enrollments rose. 

4. The number of pupils per teacher 
was lowest for K-12 districts under 
1,000 pupils and highest for K-12 dis- 
tricts over 1 1 ,000 pupils. Between these 
extremes the ratio was practically 

5. The percentage of teachers with 
master's degrees tended to increase as 
enrollments increased. It was highest 
when K-12 enrollment ranged from 

1,500 to 1 1,000 pupils and dropped off 
beyond these limits. 

6. In New Jersey, the largest districts 
are the poorest in terms of equalized 
property valuation per pupil. Although 
there was no direct relationship between 
property value and district size, the 
median for K-12 districts over 11,000, 
and for all districts with more than 750 
in grade 6 and/or grade 10 feil below 
the State median. 

Increase State share 

Reörganization and increased State 
sharing of educational costs are nec- 
essary for eliminating educational de- 
ficiencies in New Jersey. Such Steps can 
provide an organizational framework 
and financial base flexible and respon- 
sive enough to meet future challenges 
in a coordinated, comprehensive, ra- 

tional way. It would havc the following 

■ — A logical sequcntial devclopment 
of learning experiences. 

■ — More equal educational oppor- 

■ — Greater ease and cconomy of 

■ — More efficient use of public funds. 

■ — Greater flexibility in grade Organ- 
ization, personnel policies and pro- 
cedures and simplification of fiscal 

■ — More auxiliary Services. 

■ — Simplified legislation. 

■ — More local initiative, rcsponsibil- 

ity, and participation. 

New Jcrsey's educational programs 
would best be served by the reörganiza- 
tion of school districts. 

Relate to Costs 

The equalization program auto- 
matically adjust to increased costs 
and State average equalized value 
per pupil. 

Pupil Count 

The pupil count for equalization 
purposes be taken twice a year for 
current funding. 

Special Education 

Chapter 46 aid for handicapped 
children be 50 per cent in addition 
to equalization aid. Further study 
for füll funding should be under- 

Vocational Education 

Additional State support for vo- 
cational education in county or 
comprehensive high schools be pro- 
vided on a weighted pupil basis. 


Transportation aid be retained at 
75 per cent of approved costs. A 
comprehensive study of pupil trans- 
portation regulations be undertaken. 


Minimum Level 

School building aid be increased 
to a minimum level of 40 per cent 
of the school debt service ap- 

Pupil Count 

The pupil count for building aid 

be taken twice a year for current 

Special Education 

Füll funding by the State of 
construction for special education 


Building aid provide for the 
weighting of pupils on the same 
basis as current expense aid pro- 

Urban-Suburban Cooperation 

The State fully support locally 
developed and State-approved con- 
struction plans which will assist in 
urban-suburban Cooperation in sat- 
isfying educational needs. 


1. Current expense aid program 
include a State-guaranteed financial 
base related to educational criteria 
to support a quality level educa- 
tional program. 

2. A reorganized district qualify 
for placement at the highest guar- 
anteed financial base for a period 
of three years and then be evalu- 
ated for placement at the appro- 
priate level for State aid for current 

3. A special fund be available to 
the Commissioner to fully fund in- 
novative and promising programs 
in urban-suburban Cooperation. 


The financial recommendations 
be fully implemented to support 
the incentive recommendation for 
reorganized districts and to provide 
needed aid for all districts. 


The establishment of a State 
school bonding authority to issue 
all schools bonds and pledge the 
füll faith and credit of the State 
behind such issues. The school dis- 
trict reimburse the authority for 
principal amortization and interest 


The State Board of Education 
place a moratorium on the reör- 
ganization of school districts or the 
dissolution of sending and receiving 
relationships until the passage of 
implementing legislation and the 
development of the master plan by 
the County Reörganization Com- 
mission. (When a proposed reör- 
ganization is certified by the county 
Superintendent as meeting the cri- 
teria for reörganization and is ap- 
proved by the Commissioner an 
exception to the moratorium shall 
be granted.) 

MAY, 1969 




Watching the Cookie Crumble 

What's eating the younger generation 
of teachers coming fresh 
out of our teacher Colleges? 

They told us practicum ivould expose us 
to the grim realities of teaching. 
It ivas grim all right. 

■ "William, are you chewing gum?" 


"Get out of my class," the teacher 

"Go on, hcre\ your slip. Co and gel 
two demerits." 

One boy then said, "He's doing it on 
purpose. He wants to get suspended." 

"Fine," she answered. "It O.K. by 
me. Let him get suspended if he wants 
to. T have no time to spend on people 
who don't want to learn. VW fall him 
for the year in history." 

William remained quiet for the dura- 
tion of the conversation, then left for 
the Office when she had finished writ- 
ing his note. There was no apparent 
expression on his face which I could 

The period ended. The eighth-grade 
class I was observing left for lunch, and 
I retired to the faculty room for a cup 
of coffee. 

"How are you doing, Tom?' 


"Do you like Student teaching here 
at Modmiddle?" 

"Fm not quite sure yet," I smiled. 

(How did he know my name?) 

The unknown teacher relaxed beside 
me in a lounge chair. Other faculty 
members entered with their food trays 
from the Cafeteria. The conversation, 
though crowded, carried easily. The 
guidance counselor turned and ad- 
dressed the teacher at his side. 

"Did you hear, that Briggs kid will be 
Coming up next year?" 

"Heavens, I hope I don't get him 
in my class," retorted a middle-aged 

"Did you get a look at his record?" 

''Hey, Martin, you'll probably have 
him in your class next year, the way 
you've been teaching," laughed one 

The iiuthor, a recciit uraduate of Glasshoro 
S.C., wrote these "first inipressions of cdii- 
catioii in reality" as a icsult of his junior 
practicum experience. 


Mixed conversation foUowed. I re- 
mained sitting in a lounge chair, going 
over notes for my next class. 

"I always get my hair cut once every 
two weeks." 

"Yeah, so do I. I can't understand 
those fellows who let their hair get in 
their faces and ears. Don't know how 
anyone can ever teach that way." 

"Neither do I." 

"Yeah, if you ask me, that's poor 
showing of teaching ethics." 

My hair was shorter than it had been 
in three years, but still it reached my 
ears. The two crew-cut fellows who 
were talking never looked in my direc- 
tion during this conversation. They 
must have known, however, that I 
could hear every word that was uttered. 

The bell rang for the change of class. 
It was time for me to teach my seventh 
grade "slow learners." I would not 
have this group every day, but it was 

Friday, and I administered vocabulary 
tests to all of my cooperating teachers' 
classes on that day. 

On definition nine I slipped, and 
gave them the answer itself. They 
laughed; so did I, knowing, however, 
that some of them would still get it 
wrong, and five of them did. 

There are six students in that class 
who were removed from the special 
education group because there was no 
room for them. An existing State law, 
I was told, maintains that no more than 
15 pupils needing "private attention" 
may occupy one special education 
class. Twenty-one needed that atten- 

The six least troublesome were 
placed in a regulär class setting. None 
of the listed I.Q.'s of these six broke 
75. One was not even measurable. 
These tests do not prove that the stu- 
dents necessarily need special attention. 
That they did, though, was too sadly 




convincing by their behavior. 

Three of these boys vvere seated in 
the back of the room, their desks 
against the wall. The previous day 
their classmates had voted to put them 
there as a sign of their rejection by 
the rest of the class. Why? Partly be- 
cause they had trouble doing the work; 
partly due to the discipline problem 
they gave the teacher — for daydream- 
ing during class, for throwing spitballs, 
for leaving their desks, for being re- 
tarded. So, their peers had elected to 
punish them. 

I round Helene in the study room 
after the period had ended. She was 
looking out the window, waiting for 
the bus to arrive. On the table beside 
her lay a pile of corrected homework 
(dealing with diagrams) for one of her 
classes. She was upset, and showed me 
a Stack of some 20-odd papers. They 
had all been done by one Student! The 
assignment had been to diagram 10 
sentences. This one boy had done 22 
papers worth, using both sides! 

"Well," I inquircd, ''what's wronp 

with that?" 

"Every last one of them is incorrect," 

she responded. 

T leaped through the pages. Helene 
had not been exaggerating. 

*'What do you teil a boy like this 
when the homework is returned?" I 
wondered. What would bis regulär 
teacher have told him? Somehow, I 
don't think he would have done this 
for his regulär teacher. T sensed that 
he was looking for something from 
Helene that had not been there before 

she came. 

. . . Before she came; before we, the 

new ones, had come. 

Helene touched my Shoulder. 

"Our ride is here." 

"Where's Mary?" I asked. 

"She's in Conference with her teacher 
again. She'U probably be 10 minutes 
late as usual." 

"Let's wait here Cor her," I rcplicd. 

"I'm not quite ready to leave yet." 

MAY, 1969 


(continued from pa^e 23) 

their expcriences into concepts that will 
enablc them to undcrstand and intcrprct 

that World. 

Children will be hclped to work on 
simple Problems which may emergc 
from daily activities or which may be 
introduced by the teacher. Such qiics- 
tions as the following may be appropri- 
ately considcrcd by the children: Whcre 
can we gct food for the snake? How 
much will he grow before hc sheds his 
skin again? What happened to the frost 
on the grass when the sun came out? 
What happened to the water in our 
aquarium during the holidays? 

The teacher recognizcs that such 
Problems as these can contribute to an 
understanding of a basic sciencc con- 
cept — change. She guides the considcra- 
tion of the problems so children begin 
to grasp the fundamental idea that 
change is a constant dynamic factor in 
our World and helps to account for 
many things we observe around us. 
Understanding this enables us to prcdict 
Coming events and to better control our 
environment. Other such practical day- 
to-day Problems illustrate other basic 
concepts from all of the academic dis- 

Bring world into room 

Large portions of the world must be 
brought into the classroom. Animals, 
plants, rocks, and all such realia must 
be present and used eflfectively. People 
should regularly visit the classroom to 
Show and teil things to children and to 
demonstrate how to do things. Films, 
filmstrips, and television can efTectively 
bring the world to the classroom. 

Children must be taken out of the 
classroom frequently to view and ex- 
plore the world firsthand. Trips to the 
nearby pond, to the dairy, to the water 
piirification plant, to the museum, to 
the airport, to the bakery must be more 
than annual 'Marks." For the children, 
these trips are significant expcriences 
with a real world. 

Teachers must be preparcd to guide 
a child's thinking about his transactions 
with his world. Only by encouraging 
and guiding thinking and reasoning can 
they adequately support the process of 
conceptualization. There will be less 
tejling and more support for a child's 
exploration and discovery of answers 
for himself. 

Over a period of several days, I 
recently observed kindergartners play- 
ing with a railroad steam engine con- 
structed from a barrel painted black for 

the boilcr and a largc pasteboard box 
appropriately trimmed and fastcned to 
one cnd for the engine cab. A large bell 
mounted on the front end of the barrel 
was somc three feet from the cab. 
Although the children liked ringing the 
bell as they played at operating the 
train, they could not reach the bell's 
clapper from the cab. Fach time, some- 
one had to leave the cab, run around 
in front of the train, and swing the 


The teacher did not teil them what 
to do; instead, she discussed the problem 
with them and helped them get a clcarer 
notion of what necdcd to be done: Some 
arrangcment had to be made to make 
the clapper ring without leaving the cab. 
She then went on to another group dur- 
ing this activity period, leaving the boys 
on their own. One tried knocking the 
clapper with a long stick. This worked 
to a dcgree and the play rcsumed, but 
the youngsters found it dithcult to con- 
trol the stick. They were not satisficd 
and told the teacher so at clean-up time. 
She said, "Let's think about the problem 
and see what we can do about it 

The next day one youngster arrived 
early with a piece of window sash cord 
and announced that he knew how to 
makc the bell ring. He had seen a large, 
toy fire engine in his neighborhood with 
a bell that was rung by a string attachcd 
to the bell and pulled by the driver. His 
father had given him the rope, and he 
and his friends proudly set out to fasten 
the cord to the clapper. By not solving 
the problem immediately, the teacher 
had challenged and encouraged the 
children to try significant problem solv- 
ing rcquiring reasoning, trial-and-error, 
and Observation. 

A kindergarten curriculum designed 
to fostcr thinking and conceptualization 
would encompass activities in science, 
social studies, mathematics, language, 
and the arts.There would not be an 
ovcremphasis on reading readiness, read- 
ing activities, and other skill areas. The 
cmphasis would be on a balanced ap- 
proach to content for children. 

This approach recognizcs that a broad 
basc of understanding and vocabulary 
and use of effective language add much 
more to a child's later ability to read 
and write well than the overuse of spe- 
cific drill in readiness workbooks and 
other such materials. There are language 
learnings appropriately defined as early 
reading that have a place in the experi- 
cncc of many youngsters. These involvc 
attention to building an adequate and 
meaningful vocabulary; control of 
syntax in oral language; the relation of 
language sounds to the Symbols for 
these sounds; and the ability to combine 
the Symbols into expressive word units. 

A kindergarten curriculum planned 

(cotuiniied on pagc 46) 





State College Plans 
Internship Next Fall 

■ Montclair State College will offer an 
internship program for seniors next year 
with work in either urban or suburban 
Centers. The program, which consists of 
a füll Semester of professional educa- 
tion, will be patterned along the iines of 
a pilot project tried in Scotch Plains. 

Students will spend an entire semester 
in Student teaching, instead of the cus- 
tomary 10 weeks, and, during that time, 
will work directly with a professor who 
will observe them frequently in the class- 
room and will conduct two on-the-spot 
education coiirses. According to MSC 
officials, this kind of internship program 
provides more comprehensive training 
and closer supervision than usiial meth- 
ods of Student teaching. 

Four urban centers— East Orange- 
Orange, Newark, Paterson-Passaic, and 
Plainfield — and three suburban — Fair 
Lawn-Paramus, Scotch Plains, and West 
Caldwell-Verona — have been chosen for 
the internship program. A full-time Su- 
pervisor will be assigned to each center, 
provided at least 25 students are en- 
rolled. If there is enough Student inter- 
est, the program will be offered during 
both fall and spring Semesters. 

The program will be funded in part 
by the N. J. Urban Education Corps. 
Students selected to participate in the 
urban school Systems will receive a 

The Scotch Plains program, in which 
23 Seniors were enrolled, was the first 
of its kind in New Jersey. The new pro- 
gram will be open not only to seniors 
but also to graduate candidates for 

Courtesy IBM 

Counselors Freed for Consultation 

Computer Helps Students Explore Work, Fields of Study 

■ A computer-assisted educational and 
career exploration System is being used 
by some 200 Montclair H. S. students. 
The experimental System helps stu- 
dents examine systematically work op- 
portunities and educational possibilities. 
Counselors are freed from clerical tasks 
to spend more time with each Student. 
Using terminals — which include type- 
writer-like devices and experimental Vis- 
ual display units linked by telephone 
Iines to a Computer in Poughkeepsie, 
N-Y- — students have access to a com- 
prehensive library of occupational and 
educational facts stored in an IBM 
System/ 360 data processor. 

The information, gathered from 
Standard counseling sources such as the 
U.S. Department of Labor, is illustrated 
by 18,000 color pictures, Charts, draw- 
ings, and text stored on reels of motion 
picture film. 

With these materials, the Student is 
able to identify 110 groupings which 
contain 1,600 occupations and explore 
391 areas of advanced study. In addi- 
tion, he is able to obtain details on 1,500 

Colleges and universities. 

Seated before the screen of an experi- 
mental image display unit, the Student 
loads a reel of film into the device after 
using the typewriter to identify himself 
to the System. As he explores further, 
printed instructions from the Computer 
teil him which subsequent reels to use. 
Under Student control, Images that 
relate to bis interests are projected onto 
the unit's screen. After viewing pictures 
and questions, the Student answers by 
touching a small keyboard on the unit 
just below the screen. The adjacent type- 
writer device prints out messages for the 
Student which makes bis career and edu- 
cational explorations personally relevant. 
The illustrated information includes 
actual work situations that give the Stu- 
dent a "feel" for what he would be doing 
in a particular job that interests him. 
Questions and educational data encour- 
age the Student to reflect on what he 
would like to do after high school. 

Music Curriculum for N.J. Schools 
Published in Recent NJMEA Guide 


Thelo'l'h^J' '""'""" '"' " '^.'»"P"<^'-l>osed educational and career exploration System 
Lnth Ld^tTT "TTJT' ""^ '''"'"'ion-l opportunities. ResuU^o teZJe 


■ A curriculum guide for music educa- 
tors has been published by the N.J. Mu- 
sic Educators Assn. 

Entitled "Etüde — A Guide for the 
Advancement of Music Education in 
New Jersey," it reflects the current think- 
mg and practices of 75 music teachers 
with different backgrounds and expe- 
riences who have cooperated in orga- 
nizing and writing basic course outlines 
According to the guide, the scope ot 
musical learnings includes creating, sing- 
ing, reading, playing an Instrument 
movmg in rhythm, and listening Sug- 
gestions are given for the elementary 
and junior and senior high school levels* 
as well as the problems of personnef 
time allotment, and scheduling; music 
facilities; music in the humanities; and 
music for the mentally retarded. ' 

A list of musical materials and their 
sources is included at the end of the 
book, along with a directory of publish- 
ers and manufacturers. 

Copies may be purchased for $3 50 
from Charles L. Reifsnyder, 10 Gaston 
St., West Orange, N.J. 07052. 





Jndividual Achievement Is Emphasized 

Adaptive PE Course Reassures Reluctant Alhletes 

■ ''Adaptive" physical education is an 
innovation in the gym at East Orange 
H.S. Not a corrective program, the 
course emphasizes weight training, body 
building, agility, and posture, as well as 
participation in group activities. 

The first class of 50 piipils was se- 
lected on recommendation by a physical 
education instructor to participate in the 
cxperimental program. To handle stu- 
dents with individual problems, the class 
was divided into two sections, with an 
instructor assigned to each. Students 
had not been participating in regulär 
physical education classes for various 
reasons. Some boys were small and 
feared being hurt while others were big 
and uncoordinated and feared being 
laughed at. Some had physical handi- 
caps. Some could not get along with 
others in class. 

Geared to individual and small group 
activities at first, the program gradually 
progresses to large group activities and 
team games, which emphasize drills and 
activities that develop agility, coordina- 
tion, and endurance. Tumbling, rope 
work, pogo sticks, and ball bouncing, 
and the generally accepted team sports 
are included. A weight training program 

presents basic fundamentals of weight 
control and gives the students tips on 
how to improve their strength and 
cardiovascular system. 

In group activities, students compete 
against themselves and against other 
classes, when instructors feel it is de- 
sirable. Even though the class often does 
not win, the fact they are competing at 
all is significant. In previous years, these 
students would not even take part in 
such activities. 

"Our biggcst objective," says Frank 
G. Acocella, head of the high school's 
department of physical education and 
health, '4s to generale a student's feeling 
of accomplishment — mental, physical, 
and social — and to help him recognize 
his own ability and limitations." 

Grading is adjusted to meet individual 
achievement. The Student is graded 
against himself. If a boy does not 
achieve a certain Standard, it does not 
mean he fails. If he improves his Per- 
formance at all, he is rewarded. "Con- 
sequently," Mr. Acocella adds, "the in- 
structor's knowledge of and rapport 
with his students is essential." 

Offers Up to $6,000 Stipends 

Educational Research Career Is Goal of Docioral Program 

■ Applications are now being accepted 
by the Institute on School Learning and 
Individual Differences at George Pea- 
body College for Teachers for dual- 
major doctoral programs leading to a 
career in educational research. 

The doctoral program involves three 
or four years of graduate study and su- 
pervised research activities. Students 
whose primary identification is with el- 
ementary education, English, mathe- 
matics, or social studies will major in an 
academic specialty and develop a second 
major in educational psychology. 

Students whose primary field of spe- 
cialization is educational psychology will 
major in that area and carry a secondary 
concentration in education, special ed- 
ucation or one of the academic fields 
common to public school curricula. 

Stipends sufficient to cover normal ex- 
penses are available. 

Further information may be obtained 
from Professor Jack W. Miller, Institute 
on School Learning and Individual Dif- 
ferences, Box 504, George Peabody 
College for Teachers, Nashville, Tenn. 




You Bef .' 



C. W. BOLLINGER CO. has been number one since 
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they are cheoper. Some are . . . in Performance as 
well as price. 


39 South Fullerton Avenue, 


Montclair, New Jersey 07042 • Telephone 201-783-9300 


MAY, 1969 

Joint E ff ort of Librarians and NEA 

Standards for School Media Programs Published 




■ The eagerly-awaited "Standards for 
School Media Programs" are here! At a 
press bricfing on March 21 in New York 
City, the American Assn. of School Li- 
brarians of ALA and the NEA Depart- 
ment of Audiovisual Instruction pre- 
sented their jointly developed Standards. 

It was an important occasion on two 
coLints: The American Library Assn. and 
The National Education Assn. have 

Brain-Injured Children To Be Topic 
Of 4-Day Institute at Jersey City S.C. 

■ Rationale for the work of the Insti- 
tutes for the Advancement of Human 
Potential, known as the Doman-Dela- 
cato Institutes, and objections levelled 
against it will be among topics of dis- 
cussion at a four-day Institute, June 30- 
July 3, at Jersey City S.C. 

The course will acquaint teachers with 
the concepts and techniques employed 
in the treatment of brain-injured chil- 
dren, and provide an understanding of 
neurosurgical and non-surgical rehabili- 
tative techniques. 

No Position on the Institutes' work 
will be taken at the sessions. Participants 
will be acquainted with the work of the 
Organization, and may then be able to 
decide for themselves the merits of the 
techniques and principles advocated by 
the Institutes. 

Sessions will meet from 9:00 a.m. to 
12:15 p.m. For Information, contact 
George Voller, chairman, department 
of special education, Jersey City S.C, 
Jersey City, N.J. 07305. 

Materials Approach to Art . . . 

spoken with one voice; this marks the 
culmination of two years of intensive 
study and Cooperation from representa- 
tives of some 28 professional and civic 
organizations, thousands of educators, 
and a Joint committee of AASL and 

The new Standards recommend that 
all Visual and printed Services be com- 
bined into a Single service. All new 
schools are advised to start with a central 
media center. This kind of unified pro- 
gram is essential in schools that use flex- 
ible scheduling and place more emphasis 
upon independent learning. 

Highlights of the Standards recom- 
mended for schools with 250 or more 

■ — Standards for basic media collections 
are raised substantially. For example, 
the recommendation of 20 volumes per 
Student is double the previous 1960 Stan- 
dards of AASL. The new media Stan- 
dards for the first time include DAVI 
recommendations on "Software" — e.g., 
three filmstrip prints per Student, access 
to 3,000 titles in 16mm film, 6 records or 
tapes per Student. The new yardstick for 
a quality media program also calls for 
expenditure on materials of not less than 
6 per Cent of the national average per 
pupil operational cost. 
■ — One full-time media specialist should 
be provided for each 250 students. In 
addition, it is recommended that each 
school have a technician with graphics 
ability and a media aide to help each 
media specialist. 
■ — The professional education of teach- 

Paterson News Photo 


College students at 
Montclair S.C. and 
Paterson S.C. recent- 
ly saw what pupils in 
Paterson schools can 
do in a "materials 
approach" to art ed- 
ucation. Edward B. 
Epstein, fine arts Su- 
pervisor for Pater- 
son, holds some art- 
work exhibited at 
hoth campuses. Be- 
hind him is oil paint- 
ing by Efrim Rivera, 
Eastside H.S. Below 
that is a multi-col- 
ored scratchhoard 
entitled "Summer 
Scene" by Carl Gor- 
man, John F. Ken- 
nedy H.S. Applique 
stitchery is illustra- 
ted in design by Jac- 
queline Nassimos of 
Elementarx School 
No. 9. 

crs and administrators should include 
study of media resources. This is neces- 
sary because, although the media special- 
ist will makc final selection of materials, 
the suggestions of teachers and adminis- 
trators will have priority consideration. 
■ — Media centers should be open all 
day, including before and after school. 
Enough supplies of both resources and 
equipment should be available to meet 
demands, including home use of equip- 
ment as it becomes more portable. 
Media centers at the elementary school 
level should be available to individuals 
and small groups of children, not just 
prearranged class visits. 

Sterling McMurrin, chairman of the 
Commission on Instructional Technol- 
ogy, expressed bis high regard for the 
Standards, calling them "realistically 
conservative" for education today and 
of prime importance in keeping the book 
and technology integrated for Optimum 

He sees the need for teacher educa- 
tion in the use of media as the crucial 
point of media efTectiveness: "Teachers 
must learn to think about and use me- 
chanical devices as they use books." Dr. 
McMurrin Claims the future of educa- 
tion will depend on the elTective and co- 
ordinated development of media, tech- 
niques of teaching, and Organization of 

The new criteria for quality media 
programs replace the AASL Standards 
of 1960 and the DAVI audiovisual 
Standards of 1966. 

Dr. Richard L. Darling, director of 
instructional materials for Montgomery 
County, Md. schools, reported industry 
has found equipment more important 
than buildings and does not hesitate to 
acquire equipment averaging $10,000 
per worker. Schools, he indicated, still 
allocatc too large a proportion of their 
funds to imposing buildings and have 
too little left for progams of Services, 
and the personnel and equipment to im- 
plement them. 

"Standards for School Media Pro- 
grams" ($2) is available from either 
American Library Assn., 50 E. Huron 
St., Chicago, III. 60611 or National Ed- 
ucation Assn., 1201 16th St., N.W., 
Washington. D.C. 20036. 

— by Marian Scott 

Solicit Papers and Suggestions for 
Annual Negro Life and History Meeting 

■ The annual meeting of the Assn. for 
the Study of Negro Life and History has 
been scheduled for Oct. 9-12, 1969 at 
the Tutwiler Hotel, Birmingham, Ala. 
Persons interested in proposing ses- 
sions or papers should write to the 
program chairman: Walter Fisher, de- 
partment of history, Morgan State 
College, Baltimore, Md. 21212. 



Participotes in School Activities 

Creates New Image of Policeman for Elementary Students 

■ William Gallagher has been doing a 
••great job" for the Jersey City Police 
Department. At least, that's what the 
young people in Patrolman Gallagher's 
precinct think. 

Whether conducting traffic at new 
P.S. No. 27, patrolling in a radio car, or 
pounding a beat on foot, ''Officer Gal- 
lagher" — as he is affectionately known 
— brings a new image of the policeman 
to the classroom. He has shown that a 
policeman can be kind, symphathetic, 
understanding, and above all, a friend. 

Patrolman Gallagher has a variety 
of "extracurricular" activities: playing 

Princeton Schools Experiment 
With Early Dismissal 

■ Professional and school improvement 
is the purpose of the "Wednesday Pro- 
gram" undertaken this semester by 
Princeton Regional Schools. 

Each Wednesday, all the district's 
schools close after lunch at 1.00 p.m. 
Students are dismissed. They are free to 
go home, or to attend special programs 
that have been set up at various loca- 
tions throiighout Princeton. 

Teachers remain at school and work 
on projects of their choosing related to 
their own professional growth or the 
improvement of some part of the school 

Among the more than 40 projects 
are in-service courses on the Negro in 
American literature and the disadvan- 
taged Student; and curriculum study 
groups examining dramatics, perceptual 
Problems, and writing skills in foreign 

One discussion and study group will 
distribute a questionnaire for parents, 
students, and teachers concerning non- 
graded report cards. In another project, 
high-school guidance staff members are 
visiting industry to investigate job op- 
portunities for* their students, making 
in-depth case studies, and evaluating 
counseling techniques. 

The total program provides scheduled 
time for evaluation and coordination 
of present programs, communication 
among teachers at diflferent levels and 
in different schools, communication be- 
tween school personnel and members 
of the Community, the establishment of 
special programs for children, and the 
development of new programs. 

On the first Wednesday of each month 
all participants meet in groups repre- 
senting every building and grade level 
to discuss progress or coordination of 
various projects, and evaluation of their 

Santa Claus, making informal visits to 
the school, accompanying children on 
field trips, attending children's partics, 
making safety patrol presentations, 
and visiting kindergartners. His biggest 
"treat" is when children stop him in the 
strects just to chat. 

Officer Gallagher's work in Commu- 
nity relations has not gone unnoticed. 
He has been lauded by city and county 
officials. But, one of his most rewarding 

"He's their kind of cop," says Jersey City 
P.S. No. 27 students ahout William 
Gallagher. Tlie patrolman has done a 
i^reat deal to show children in his precinct 
that a policeman can he a friend. 

experiences was a visit to a New York 
City hospital to present a school patrol 
badge and belt to a boy from P.S. No. 
27. His visit gave the boy an extra boost. 

Patrolman Gallagher's kindness has 
been returned many times by the chil- 
dren. Hundreds of cards have been sent 
to the Sixth Precinct for the populär 

During National Police Week, he ar- 
ranged a program to help students un- 
derstand the functioning of a police de- 
partment. The children looked through 
the police Station and police boats. 
Youngsters were free to explore emer- 
gency equipment and examine apparatus 
while officers gave explanations. 

Pupils also visited a morning Session 
of the Municipal Court. During Police 
Week, when sixth graders wrote compo- 
sitions, they wrote about their friend 
Officer Gallagher. 

Last year, when a Jersey City police- 
man was killed during a holdup, a local 
newspaper conducted a public appreci- 
ation drive. A sixth grade of 40 students 
collected $250 and presented the check 
to Officer Gallagher for the fund. 

Changing social attitudes is a compli- 
cated matter. But, close personal contact 
with a respected adult in the Community 
can make a difference. Recently, a sev- 
enth grader wrote to the Jersey City 
police director: "Someday I hope to 
become a fine policeman like Officer 

by Charles Wolfe 


Bryant Teachers Bureau Inc., now joins 
Snelling & Snelling Inc., America's iargest and best 
known Professional Employment Service, with more 
than 400 Offices throughout the country. The combination 
of Snelling & Snelling's broad counseling and 
placement experience, and Bryant's specialized 
knowledge of the education field, means that there 
can be no finer professional Service anywhere. 


Larger, better equipped Offices now at 1530 Chestnut St., 
Philadelphia, Penna. 19102. Telephone (215) PE 5-1223. 


Fastpr, more complete, and more expert individualized 
personal counseling Service to you than ever before. 
And as ever, your success creates ours. 

Bryant Teachers Bureau Inc. 

A half Century of Professional Career Service to Educators 

Subsidiary of Snelling & Snelling Inc. 

World's Largest 

Professional Employment Service 

MAY, 1969 







RESEARCH I Prepavation 


■ An unassigned period for non-depart- 
mental elementary teachers — to be used 
for classroom preparation or other pro- 
fessional activities — is currently pro- 
vided by at least 201 districts in the 
State. This unassigned time is in addition 
to a duty-free lunch period. 

Information by county and district, 
including the personnel teaching or su- 
pervising pupiis during such preparation 
periods, is contained in NJEA Research 
Circular No. S 8-64, October 1968, 
"Preparation Periods for Elementary 

More than 2 in every 5 (44%) of the 
455 responding districts with elementary 
schools, grant some time for classroom 
preparation. No attempt was made to 
determine the nuniber of preparation 
periods available during a specific period 
of time (e.g. week, two weeks, month, 
etc.). This, of course, depends upon the 

Summary of Data on 
Preparation Periods 


No. ot 

Providing Preparation Period 
Not Providing Preparation Period 

20 t 

Sub Total 
Question not answered 
Questionnaire not returned 
Group 5 - Secondary districts not ai 




}plicable 57 

Total Operating Districts 


frequency of Instruction by special area 
personnel and whether the teacher is free 
each time the special area teacher in- 
structs the class. The latter probably de- 
pends upon the amount of responsibility 
the teacher has for foUowing up the 
special area lesson. 

About three quarters (76%) of the 
responding districts in Somerset County 
and better than 3 out 5 (62% ) of those 
in Middlesex County provide **prep" 
periods for their elementary teachers. 
At least half of the responding districts 
in Bergen, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mon- 
mouth, Morris, and Sussex counties 
grant such time. 

Less than a third of the districts in 
Cape May, Essex, Gloucester, Union, 
Salem and Warren counties provide time 
for classroom preparation while none of 
the districts in Cumberland County re- 
port granting this time. 

Proposais to establish preparation pe- 
riods for elementary teachers invariably 
bring up the question *'Who will teach 
or supervise pupiis during this time?" 

With few exceptions, districts report 
that teachers of "special" subject areas 
(music, physical education, shop, etc.) 
are scheduied for this time. The per- 
sonnel most frequently used were from 
the areas of music, art, physical educa- 
tion and/or the general area of special 
education. Of the 108 districts respond- 
ing that "special" personnel are used, 53 
gave examples (music, shop, art, etc.) 
while 55 simply answered "special per- 
sonnel" or "special area personnel." 

On Nov. 7, 1968, the NJEA Dele- 
gate Assembly — the Association*s policy 
making body — adopted the following 
recommendation of the NJEA Work- 
ing Conditions Committee: "The daily 
schedule of every teacher should include 
at least one preparation period." 

By adopting this recommendation, 
the Delegate Assembly recognized that 
teachers should have time free from re- 
sponsibility over children and for such 
professional activities as research, plan- 
ning, study, preparation, and grading of 
papers which — while not directly in- 

Frequency of Use of 

Various Special Area Personnel 

Reported in Survey 




Physical Education 



Home Economics 



Playground Supervisor 













structional— increase teaching effective- 

These professional activities are im- 
portant Clements of good teaching. They 
are individualistic skills that vary by 
teacher, subject, and class. A teacher's 
effectiveness is diminished when there is 
little or no time for these activities. 

Along with the recommendation, the 
NJEA Working Conditions Committee 
report also recognized the teacher's re- 
sponsibility to provide a thoroughly pre- 
pared, profitable lesson to every Student 
in each class every school day. 

The 201 districts providing a prepa- 
ration period for their elementary teach- 
ers are enabling them to meet their 
responsibilities and are taking a decisive 
Step toward increasing teacher effective- 


(continued from page 19) 

One has to be born black, in racist 
America, to fully understand how the 
degrading socialization process Strips 
black people of positive feelings about 
themselves as human beings. AH Ne- 
groes must go through a stage when they 
shake off the shackles of inferiority and 
are reborn as proud black men. This is 
the reason the black revolution is being 
accompanied by a renaissance of black 
art, music, and culture. 

Every other ethnic and religious 
group in America has been allowed to 
develop a pride in its own heritage and 
culture, save the Afro-American. Be- 
fore a child can learn anything, he must 
be comfortable with bis culture and him- 
self. In the case of the black child, the 
school must aid him in becoming com- 
fortable with bis blackness. 

One of the most serious afflictions 
Newark students suffer from is reading 
skill deficiency. Results of reading com- 
prehension (paragraph meaning) on the 
revised Stanford test for 1 967-68 school 
year indicate that in grade 3, six out of 
every 100 pupiis were at or above the 
norm and 94 were below the norm. 
Some 72 out of 100 were one year or 
more below the norm. 

In grade 6, nine out of every 100 pu- 
piis, were at or above the norm and 9 1 
were below the norm. Some 82 out of 
100 were one year or more below the 
norm; 58 were two years or more below 
the norm. 

At the third grade level, 42 of the 50 
elementary schools had an average read- 
ing comprehension of one or more years 
below the norm. At the sixth grade level, 
41 of the 44 schools had an average 
reading comprehension of one or more 
years below the norm. Ways must be 
developed to Upgrade reading and other 
skills. Children who cannot read cannot 
function in our school setting. 

The truly American art form, jazz, 
developed out of the black experience. 
The schools must assume a major role 
in nurturing and cultivating the black 
experience. In Newark schools, the white 
experience continues to be projected. 
Before one can really appreciate the ex- 
periences of others, one must be ground- 
ed in one's own experience. 

Similarly, regarding the concept of 
brotherhood, before one can realistically 
love bis fellow man he must love him- 
self. Consequently, our schools have a 
major responsibility in developing con- 
scious pride for the black experience. 

Historically, schools in predominately 
black areas have avoided dealing with 
issues that affect the lives of their stu- 
dents. The discussion of controversial 



topics is discouraged because "they 
might riot." 

It is not considered "wise" in most 
schools to deal with the fact that white 
racism has systematically excluded 
blacks from the mainstream of Amer- 
ican Society for 400 years. "They can be 
controlled better" if controversial issues 
are ignored or underplayed. These atti- 
tudes continue to exist in the schools of 
Newark — and in the schools of many 
other Systems — and must change. 

These are some issues on the black 
agenda. Many people and groups claim 
these items are on their agenda also. 

I grow increasingly skeptical as to the 
validity of these Claims. One of the main 
reasons for the formation of the Organi- 
zation of Negro Educators was that 
other teacher organizations had con- 
tinued to claim certain items were on 
their agenda. However, they seldom 
moved the agenda. 

That more justice for Substitutes was 
implemented only after it was placed on 
the ONE agenda is an example. That 
Newark moved to obtain more black 
administrators only after it was placed 
on the black agenda is another illustra- 

So when you discuss, in today's cities, 
decentralization and Community control 
you are talking about discovering what 
is on the black agenda. The ultimate goal 
is Community control of education. This 
occurs through three stages: Community 
involvement, decentralization, and Com- 
munity control. 

In Newark, we are now in the first 
phase — Community involvement. When 
the people are ready, we will move to 
Community control. It is inevitable. Real 
progress in the schools of Newark and 
other cities will not occur until we have 
Community control. All of us, therefore, 
should be striving to hasten that realiz- 

Every Newark school should have two 
or more Community Organizers assigned 
to the school. It would be the Organizer 's 
responsibility to go into the neighbor- 
hoods and organize parents around in- 
volvement in their local school. Ideally, 
Community control could consist of a 
tripartite relationship, involving Com- 
munity, teachers, and students. If teach- 
ers participate, we still have a chance to 
help shape the agenda. If we do not par- 
ticipate, the agenda will be formed with- 
out US — and, perhaps, despite us. 

Another critical issue is the attitudes 
of many teachers and administrators rel- 
ative to their black charges. There are 
black teachers who do not care about 
black children as there are white teach- 
ers who do not care about black chil- 
dren. Both must be dealt with. This is 
also on the black agenda. If the power 
figures in the school System refuse to 
place the removal of insensitive and in- 
competent school personnel on their 

MAY, 1969 

agenda, then the Community will be 
forced to move this item on their agenda. 
We have very recently witnessed ex- 
amples of this phenomenon. Additional 
examples will follow. 

Increased Community involvement is 
absolutely necessary to development of 
the black agenda and improvement in 
our schools. The black revolution cannot 
be stopped. It can only be shaped. 

Whites have a role to play. However, 
increasingly the leadership must be 
black. It is possible for white and blacks 
to structure an agenda together; but con- 

structing an agenda will not be easy. It 
will require a different relationship be- 
tween blacks and whites. 

The old master-slave, father-child, in- 
ferior-superior or some other paternal- 
istic relationship between blacks and 
whites will no longer work. It is crucial 
that everyone fully understands this. 
Black influence must now be the dom- 
inant factor in forming the agenda. 

Let US attempt to begin to develop 
that agenda. Let us face the work ahead 
after it has been determined. Our chil- 
dren need all of us. 




This is your coupon service in which our advertisers offer items that can be helpful to you as an educator 
in your work or personally. Use the convenient coupon below or write to the advertisers directly to 
obtain the material desired. 

62. The 6 WonderfuI Records of Facts, and an 

outstanding program for teaching, and re- 
teaching the 390 basic arithmetic facts at 
6, 41/2, and 3 second intervals, described 
in a 20-page booklet. (John D. Caddy) 

69. Summer School Graduate Bulletin describes 
programs for degree courses in education, 
arts and sciences, library, business adminis- 
tration on Merriweather Campus of Long 
Island University. (C. W. Post College) 

67. Brochure describes a plan for tickets for 
unlimited rail travel throughout 13 western 
European countries. (Eurailpass) 

32. Information about the no-risk, no-invest- 
ment Mason Protected Fund Raising Plan 
used by thousands of schools and school 
groups from Maine to California. (Mason 

16. Teaching Materials is a list of inexpensive 
instructional booklets, teaching aids, and 
teaching guides available from World Book 
Encyclopedia and Childcraft. (Field Enter- 

6. Information regarding an organized phonics 
Supplement to basal reading, listening, 
speaking, writing, and spelling instructions 
that helps pupil attack phonetic words 
independently and facilitates retention of 
non-phonetic "word-demons." Free loan of 
16mm demonstration sound film. (Phono- 
visual Products) 

2. 1968 Catalog illustrates a modern reading 
series, textbooks, and related instructional 
material for social studies, English, and 
Spanish. (Field Educational Publications) 

4. Classification Chart describes boo.<s and 
other instructional aids including records, 
filmstrips, and transparencies for use in 
grades one through nine in science, read- 
ing, social studies, health, citizenship, 
safetv, and language arts. (Benefic Press) 

74. Summer School Catalog describes a füll 
ränge of graduate and undergraduate 
courses including many designed especially 
for educators plus general Information on 
housing, library, tuition costs, and recre- 
ational facilities. (Tufts University) 

State Education Magazines, Inc. 
Dept. S 307 North Michigan Ave. 
Chicago, Illinois 60601 

Available only 
in school year 
of 1968-69 









I request copies of the item-numbers I have circled and havo 
indicated the quantity I desire when more than one copy is 
offered. 6< is enclosed for each number circled, regardless of 
the quantity desired. 

your name or subject 

school name 

school address N.J. 


(no. & Street) 
□ send material to above address, 

your address 

(city) (zip Code) 

or n ^V address below 

(no. & Street) 



(zip Code) j 

'%Zy Bring Back 
'^"^5 »17 your Vacation 

■ To your students yoii may be just a 
mystical charactcr (Aren't all teachcrs?) 
who is put away with thc Hag and chalk- 
board erasers ncxt month whcn schools 
dose for summer months. They probably 
would bc surpriscd to knovv that somc 
tcachers are ablc to enjoy wcll-carncd 
vacation timc. 

This fall, why not bring back your 
summer vacation to the students to 
prove you are human and to enhance 
your teaching and their learning. Many 
teachers will bc traveling to far-o(T ex- 
otic lands while others will be confincd 
to thc tri-state area because of previous 
commitmcnts, summer employment and 
the like. 

In all probability. most will bc secking 
somcthing exciting. somcthing unusual. 
and somcthing ncw to the mind. If you 
own a Camera, herc is your opportunity 
to bring even that weckend historical 
holiday back to the classroom whcn you 

return to work. 

Areas of stimulating interest can be 
easily transmitted through color slidcs. 
With thc capability of bcing shown to 
a large audience. slidcs of the unusual 
ofl'er the students thc opportunity of Vis- 
ual reality of personal experiences of 
thcir tcacher. How many times have you 
often rcmarkcd you wished your stu- 
dents could see or expcriencc thc samc 

Planning on a program whcn you re- 
turn? Take along a portable tape recordcr 
and capture on tape as well as film the 
sights and sounds of the adventure. Try 
taping thc voiccs of pcoplc who make 
the Story while at the samc timc taking 
their picture. 

Planning on an adventure overseas? 
Thcn take along that slide camera, even 
if it's instamatic. It has the capability of 
slide reproduction. Whcn travelling 
overseas, be sure to purchase your film 

Mine shaft niovie sct (ahovc) at Ecklcy, Fciina. — iiscd in 'Thc Moliy McGiiircs' — is thc 
type of classrooni-usc picture tcaclwrs can take on sliort jaunts as is intcrior of Wasliini:- 
ton's Morristonn hcadqnarters (helow, left). A tapc-iecordctl interview (helow, rii^ht) will 
supply that added tauch of sound and reality to any classroom presentation. 

in the states. It is much more expensive 
if you don't. If you are planning on ob- 
taining mailers for the film, then pur- 
chase them here for the same reason. 
And here's a tip: Don't put postage on 
until you are ready to mail them. Most 
foreign nations have special postal re- 
quirements for their particular mailing 

If you are planning a trip abroad think 
about the following: 

Ask permission of people before you 
take their picture. Never photograph 
military installations or restricted areas. 

Declarc your camera with U.S. Cus- 
toms before leaving. You could end up 
paying a tax on your own camera, when 
you return. 

Travel light. The more equipment, the 
more burdensome your trip may be and 
the more you are Nable to lose. 

If you own a 35mm camera, purchase 
film which has 36 exposures. You will 
find it most cconomical. Try also to 
sclect film which has identical emulsion 
numbers. This is particularly true if you 
are planning on producing a tape-slide 
presentation. The emulsion number is 
thc number directly above the film date. 
Why? Most film has a certain run in proc- 
essing. Therefore, if you purchase film 
with identical numbers, your chances of 
cqual quality is better providing all other 
factors such as exposure, etc. are equal. 

When travelling, be sure to take pic- 
tures of road signs and people even 
though you have to ask their permission 
in sign language. 

Planning on short weckend trips? 
Many local scenes are not often recorded 
in books or other printed materials. 
Many children and adults never see the 
usual. One way of being aware of local 
intcresting events is by reading the news- 
papcr. Here, news of corning events can 
spark an idea in your mind for classroom 

By capturing the unusual and exciting 
through various media, teachers can 
bring back their vacations for a far more 
intcresting year of work. 

David A. Rogosky 

Trcnton State College 

for N.J. Audiovisual Council 


(conlinued froni pa,ue 21) 

parents to cxplain thc need for thc extra 
year and why it is so important. He is 
not "failing." He is spending an extra 
year in thc grade to facilitatc bis overall 

If the parent cannot accept the 
"stigma" of having thc youngster spend 
thc additional timc. it is not likcly the 
Student will bcnefit grcatly. Much of 
what thc school will be trying to do in 



encoiiraging the child's acadcmic and 
intellcctual dcvelopment will be under- 
mincd by parents who feel the youngster 
is definitcly a failurc and rcflects upon 
their own lack of ability in raising him. 
Many times parents have said, "What 
have I done wrong to make my child 
be a failure?" If the parents are coun- 
seled, however, and they see the need 
for this type of placement, they will 
tend to encourage the child and serve 
as a barrier to the blows against the 
stiidcnt's self-concept. 

Another concern which must be con- 
sidered is the question of the appropri- 
ate teacher and the class size. It will 
serve little purpose to have a child 
rcpeat fourth grade in a class of 30 
when he may go on to a fifth grade with 
a class of 20. Obvioiisly, the teacher 
with the smaller class will be able to 
givc him morc of the individiial atten- 
tion he needs. It may then be possible 
that this may be the year that he makes 
the growth that we can expect from 
him. Placing the child with an inexperi- 
enced teacher or one who sees herseif 
being punished for having the ''repeater" 
will serve to undermine the plan of 
helping the child grow towards his 
educational and intellectual potcntial. 
We may find the Student who fits all 
these criteria and have an adequate 
place for him. Biit, we may still decide 
to have the youngster go on to the next 
class because we are able to oflfer othcr 
Services which may meet his needs more 
adcquately, such as psychological coun- 
scling. remedial rcading, or small group 
Instruction. If the Services are not avail- 
able, having him repeat the grade may 
be the only other alternative. 

The placement of children at the 
appropriate grade level will continue to 
be a Problem. By establishing objective 
criteria, however. it is possible to make 
fewer mistakes and help children pro- 
gress academically. emotionally, and 

New Teaching Approach Offers 
Greater Student Participation 

■ Charles DeWolf Flementary School 
in Old Tappan is trying a new approach 
to teaching science to seventh- and 
eighth-grade students. 

The school is instituting the "Qualita- 
tive Physical Science" program which 
focuses on füll Student participation in 
scientific experiments. It was primarily 
designcd to motivate each Student to 
work with his own equipment and per- 
form the experiment instead of wit- 
nessing teacher demonstrations. 

The program was developed by Dr. 
Sherwood Githens, Jr., professor of sci- 
ence education at Duke University, after 
his junior high school daughter com- 
plained her science class was boring. 

MAY, 1969 


Paper Cups 

we hope prove useful. 


MOUSE needs 4 cups— #1 with a 
handle, #2, #3, #4 withouthandles. 
Body-le^s: Turn #1 upside down; 
handle fonns 4 legs by opening and 
cutting out a portion. Ears: Use bot- 
toms of #2 and #3; extend beyond 
head with pipe cleaners, so they 
wiegle. Tail: Rim of #2, cut apart 
to be wavy and linear; affix to body 
with pipe cleaner. Head: See sketch 
for shape; cut }2 of #4 from top to 
bottom; affix to body with cleaners- 
curve part gives 3rd-dimension. Paint 
pinknose, ears, tail, toes; mouse, grey. 


cause that's what it does. 
Body: Remove lower rim 
of a handle-less cup; trim 
edge unevenly. Set down- 
side up on a flat, smooth 
surface. Tap; it rocks. 
Head: Bottom of anotlier 
cup, with )i" margin left 
on; affix to body with 
cleaner— see sketch. Paint 

bird blue; feet and beak, red; eyes, 
white with black centers. 

BUCKING BRONCO Set the bronco 
on flat, smooth surface. Press finger 
on his back; push him all the vvay 
down. Quickly remove finger, he 
Jumps into air, kicking up his heels. 
To make: Slit a paper cup in half 
from top to bottom but not across 

bottom. Go directly across from this 
slit; do it again-see sketch. This 
forms body-legs section. Head-tail is 
cut from another cup and put on top 
of body, with pipe cleaners. Paint 
bronco red with white eyes, mouth, 
hoofs, tail and mane markings. 








So (leliciom, satisjyingi 

The cooling, fresh taste of 
Wrigley's Spearmint Gum satisfies, 
but is never rieh or filiing. And the 
natural chewing helps ease tension. 


Call. Write °r ^"^^|^s,onaL PLACEMENT CENTER 


744 Broad St., RoomlOOS, Newark ^''""no^fee CHiRolD 

or Inquire at the State Employment Office in Your Community» NO FE£ CHAROEU 



{continucd Jroffi paf^e 37) 

spccifically to foster basic learning in 
certain academic areas, however, docs 
not imply a scdentary program consist- 
ing entirely of dircct teaching and drill. 

At All Levels 


Junior and 

[Senior Colleges! 

iPubllc Schoois] 




IVo Invit» yov fo writm or vMt y$ af 


Suif« 906 • Phone: 617-426-8333 

the block man 
in america 

by maria mercedes lannon 
an overview of negro history 
bibliography, list of ovoiloble resources 

This bookkt traces the history of the black peopiz 
in America from colonial times to the present. It 
includes the most comprehensive list of books and 
materials compiled on this subject. 

This booiciti it porftct for: 
^ tcachor orientation 
• classroom us« by studtnts 

Only $1.85 per copy (Quanlity discounts 
availablc on rtquesi) 

Joseph F. Wagner, Inc., Publishers 
53 Park Place, New York, N.Y. 10008 

Educational Interpretation of tlie 

Weclisler Intelligence 

Scale for Children 

Williiim K. I'i'i iiKii'n. .Ir.. Silmul l'sycliolosi^t 


Slicniiaii .liicolisdii, 

Learnitin Disahilitifs Spfciali>ts 

An Interpretation of the sub-tests of the WISC 
specifically formulated for the remediation of learning 

This manual will be of assistance to those who wish to 
relate the findings of the various sub-tests of the WISC 
to their practical application in the classroom Situa- 
tion. In particular, psychologists, learning disabilities 
specialists, remedial speciallsts, and guidance counselors 
will find this manual to be a usefui guide in the formu- 
lation of an educational prescription. 

Price $2.50. Check or money order payable to 
Remediation Associates, P.O. Box 2801, Plainfield, N.J. 

RAISE $500 to $15,000 

and more, for your group, with a Famous 
Gourmet Chocolate Fund-Raising Program 
tailored to YOUR needs . . . 

For more information, write to: 


Planned Fund Raising Programs 

c/o Mr. Joseph T, Travitzky, Jr. 

Box 106, Norristown, Pa. 19401 

Or Telephone: (215) 275-2281 
Before 9:00 a.m. or öfter 8:00 p.m. 

Young children do not learn best in 
these ways. Play is. and must be so rec- 
ognized, the basic way in which kindcr- 
gartners learn and explore and test 
ideas. The most etfcctive learning for 
them involves manipulation and sclf- 
involvement in playlike situations. 

Play is serious biisiness, and children 
work hard at it. Remember that before 
Coming to the kindergarten the child has 
never worked, in the ordinary sense of 
that term. Yet he has learned more 
during bis first five years than he will 
in any period of comparable length in 
bis life. He has learned to walk and to 
talk. He bas learned a language and 
thousands of words and meanings. He 
has Started on most of bis concepts. Wc 
must continue to biiild and encoiirage 
learning througb play. Teachcrs must 
guide the play and introduce materials 
and activities that add significant con- 

Direct teaching and drill also have 
an important place in tbe learning activ- 
ities of young children. For short periods 
and for individuals and small groiips. 
nothing can more effectively bring about 
significant learning tban a well-con- 
ceived direct teaching experience. 

This may involve the teaching of 
positional concepts — such as top, bot- 
tom, middle, highest, and lowcst — to a 
group of three or four children by using 
colored cubes stacked and restacked 
according to specific directions, or it 
may involve the teaching of similarilies 
and diffcrences in language sounds 
througb the sorting of objects. 

If tbe emphasis is on initial sounds. 
objects may be sorted according to their 
beginning sounds. If the emphasis is on 
rhyming endings, objects may be sorted 
according to rhyming pairs — bell, shell; 
cork. fork; star, car; rope, soap. Chil- 
dren react well to such situations and 
often request that particularly cballeng- 
ing ones be repeated. 

The curriculum for today's kinder- 
gartcns must be a part of the continuous 
learning of children througbout their 
school experiences. It becomes essential, 
therefore. tbat the learning activities be 
planned with long-range goals, begin- 
ning, of course, where we find today's 



(continucd from pagc 27) 

long overdue. The ghetto simply bas to 
be completely done over. In most in- 
stances, the old dwellings will have to be 
torn down and the area renewed, thougb 
it is a moot qucstion if tbe bulldozer-higb 
rise approacb is always the best. In some 
instances. tbe buildings are extensively 
rebabilitated and made highly livable 

oncc more without too much expense. 
It will, however, be inordinately expen- 

Probably no oiic knows exactly how 
much it will eventually cost. One author- 
ity has cstimated it may run as high as 
$150 billion. a staggering amount to 
many people, but still only about 15 per 
Cent of one year's gross national product 
at the current rate. It no longer remains 
a question of wbcther or not we can af- 
ford not to. What it may cost in dollars 
it should more tban save in lives, misery, 
healtb. work days not lost, and human 

Finally as we work on renewing. re- 
habilitating. and rcaligning things in our 
tortured cities, we will also have to re- 
new a sense of Community that reaches 
out beyond one's ethnic. racial, religious, 
or sectional Community to tbe whole of 
the Community. The sections, areas, or 
••quarters" of each city are as much a 
part of the body and life of that city as 
the city in turn is an integral part of the 
metropolitan area or region in which it 
is found. To do this we must reinculcate 
somchow a sense of pride in seif. It can 
be one of the sources of rising hope and 

We must do it. 


(continucd jroni pai^c 16) 

ceive as their teachers' expectatioiis for 
them. Rosenthal, for example, found 
that children from whom teachers bad 
been led to expect greater intellectual 
gain showed significantly greater gain 
in intelligence over an 8-month period 
than other children in the school! 

3. Students hehave and perform in 
ways consistent with their self-concepts. 
A growing body of research suggests 
that low academic achievement may be 
related to a student's conception of bim- 
self as unable to learn. 

4. Although it is not possible to say 
with precision which comes hrst, good 
school work or high self-esteem, it seems 
reasonable to suggest that each rein- 
forces the other to the exteiit that a pos- 
itive change in one facilitates a positive 
change in the other. 

If we, as teachers, are to facilitate 
learning and self-esteem througb self- 
concept enhancement, we must: 

1 . Understand that we teach what we 
(irc, not just what we know. 

2. Understand that anything we do or 
say could significantly change a student's 
attitude about himself for better or for 
worse. Furthermore, we must under- 
stand the implications of our roles as 
persons who are important or "signifi- 
cant" to students if we are to utilize that 
role properly. . 

3. Understand that students, like us, 
behave in terms of what seems to be 



true, which means that learning often is 
controlied, not by what the facts are, 
but by how they are perceived. 

4. Be willing not just to teach subject 
matter, but to deal with what the sub- 
ject matter means to different students. 
We must be as willing to deal with the 
Interpretation of a subject as we are to 
deal with the Information about it. 

5. Understand that we are not likely 
to get results simply by telling someone 
he is worthy. Rather, we must imply it 
through trust and the establishment of 
an atmosphere of mutual respect. One 
good way to start is to take time to listen 
to what the students have to say and to 
use their ideas when possible. 

6. Understand that teacher behavior 
which is distant, cold, and rejecting is 
far less likely to enhance self-concept, 
motivation, and learning than behavior 
which is warm, accepting, and discrimi- 


7. Be willing to be flexible, to be di- 
rect or indirect as the Situation and per- 
sonality of the Student demands. 

We can do a better job of teaching 
if we remember that the way a Student 
performs and behaves in the classroom 
is an expression of both bis concept of 
seif and his unconscious drive to be con- 
sistent with that concept. If we can 
accept this as a basic principle, then 
perhaps we can help our students to see 
that there is a diflference between expe- 
riencing failure and being a failure. 


(continued from page 17) 

dreds of pages. "Oyster stew," say the 
editors, "may (italics mine) contain 
oysters, oyster broth, butter, cream, and 
whole milk." In this area of soups, many 
readers will be delighted or alienated by 
the fact that Funk & Wagnalls commits 
itself to the New England clam chowder, 
not the Manhattan. 

For the etymologico-maniac, the 
"Modern Guide 's" handling of shambles 
may seem controversial. He will enjoy 
gloating over the awareness that its "lit- 
eral" meaning, if one takes the Romans 
as establishing that, was bench, not a 
place for butchery, as Funk & Wagnalls' 
editors suggest. And this exercise with 
the Oxford English Dictionary, with 
one's Latin dictionaries, his Anglo- 
Saxon texts, etc. is again one of the 
prime results of reading the "Modern 

Perhaps it was an accident that the 
book begins with an essay on absorb and 
ends with one on zest. In a final fling, 
the editors write: "Zest expresses dy- 
namic vigor along with uninhibited sen- 
suous delight: The remarkable aspect of 
the life of Don Juan was not the num- 
ber of women he seduced but the zest 
with which he seduced them." 

MAY, 1969 


401 Juniper BIdg. Walnut and Juniper Sts. PHILADELPHIA 



Teachers for Schools— Schools for Teachers— Every Day in the Ycar 
Registration here means constant consideration for promotit)n. 
Member of the National Association of Teachers Agcncies 


Personal Di.uriminatinii Service E. F. Maloney, 

Joseph Newbold Co-Managers 


366 HFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK, N.Y. 10001 Phone: (212) Wl 7-9066 

M einher National Association of Teachers' Agencies A Superior Asency for Snperior People 

Philip C. Genthner, Prop. 

Established 1855 

Teaching positions up to $12,000+ Administrative positions up to $20,000 + 

New Jersey — New York— Connecticut positions 

TEACHERS— Hundreds of splendid positions in varlou$ states are hsted with ü$— EUm«ntciry-$«condary. 
College. Why not investigate these through us? Oor many years of experience in placing t«ach«rs— 
over thirty-five years under the same management— gives you expert guidance— so importanf in 
seeking a Position. Write or phone immediately. 

Area Code 215 - 433-4133 _ - ^ _-. . ^^^ 


Est. 1880 merged with THE CENTRAL TEACHERS AGENCY (Harrisburg) 88thYear 

Member National Association of Teachers' Agencies 


Successor to Strahan Teacher Agency 



(201) P.O. Box 232 

223-01 1 1 Manasquan, N.J. 08736 

Mrs. Margaret Najar, Mgr. 


Current Faculty and Administrative opportunities 
in. e.g., Psychology, Psychometrics, Sociology, 
English, History, Non-Western Studies, Mathe- 
matics, Sciences, Languages, Journalism, Business 
Subjects, Management, Deanships, Development, 
Alumni Affairs, Public Relations, Editors, etc. 
Educational Career Service, Inc., Pnnceton, N. J. 


EstabUshed 1927 

New England's Largest Agency 
120 Boylston St., Boston, Mass. 

Room 703 Liberty 2-7790 

Member of and Accredited by National 
Association of Teachers' Agencies 

ffl^ piaceme itt dgen af 



siiMCE igaT 


Steady every summer. Calling on established 
retail accounts. Auditlng packet seed displays. 
Car essential. Travel required. Guaranteed sal- 
ary or commission— whichever is more. Write: 



"The 6 WonderfuI Records of Facts" 

Didating the 390 basic arithmetic facts 
6 seconds, ^yl seconds, and 3 seconds apart, 
respectively. Has qualified for NDEA & ESEA. 

Write for free descriptive booldet 
CADDY, Box 251, Canoga Pari<, CA 91305 


If you are a certified mach, English or 
reading teacher, we have an exceiient 
Franchise to off er you to greatly Supple- 
ment your income. Write to Educational 
Achievemeht Centers Inc. 75 No. Maple 
Ave., Ridgewood, N.J. 652-4024. 


Part time employment. Organize a 
Kindergarten-Nursery School in your 
Community during spare moments. For 
details write to - include phone number - 
E C S Box 202 Wayne, Pa. 19087 



Accredited by and Member of N.A.T.A. 

If it is a Position in the Midwest, West 
or Alaska, we can find it for you. 
Enroll now. 
706 South Fourth St reet Clinton, Iowa 


California and the West need teachers for all 
grades and fields. Let our prompt and profes- 
sional Service lead you to a fine Position. 
Wr/te to William Hall, Manager, for details. 

Hall Teachers Ägency 

158 Hamilton Ave., Palo Alto, Calif. 94301 
Member: N.A.T.A. 


Fine brother-sister camps in the Adirondacks. Top 
facilities. Openings in Waterfront (WSI), Art, 
Drama, Athletics, Water Sl<iing, Head Counselor, 
Nature and Archery. R.N. Write details to Camps 
Rondack and Ronwood, 137 Oak St., Dover, N.J. 


Girls "sllm down" camp. Exceiient opportunity 
for counselors to work in all areas. Waterfront, 
tennis, dramatics, athletics, etc. Also R.N., and 
M.D. Rewarding experience with good pay. CAMP 


Desperate Disparity: Urban School Finance 

■ Considcration of major revisions in State support for 
New Jersey schools is gaining momentum. Candidates 
for Office in the forthcoming gubernatorial and legisla- 
tive elections are already speaking freely about possible 

Some are even advocating additional broad-based 
taxes, including the possibility of a personal income tax. 

Much of the impetus for a substantial school aid pro- 
gram comes from the recent report of the Legislative 
Study Commission on State Aid to School Districts. But, 
as we have already pointed out (see February Review, 
p. 48) , several areas need clarification and improvement. 

These reservations with the Legislative Commission's 
findings are confirmed by a new study released this 
month by the N.J. Urban School Development Council. 

''At present there is a glaring disparity between the 
level of educational support achievable in our urban 
Centers and that available in the suburban communities. 
The tax rates of our urban centers are almost double 
that of the sqburbs. 

"The impact of this inflated tax bürden makes itself 
most strongly feit in the level of Services available to 
urban children. 

"The cities have literally tens of thousands of pupils 
who are educationally handicapped by environmental 
conditions that are not cövered by current special 
education laws." 

The proposed State aid formula revision would doubt- 
lessly help urban communities immensely. But, as 
NJUSDC found out, the 10 cities it represents would 
experience a 92% increase in aid, while the average for 
a selection of 50 suburban districts would increase 

by 146%. 

NJUSDC says, therefore, that: 

■ — The new formula should use an additional unit 
weighting of 1.5, not .5 for AFDC children (in families 
on weif are) to keep aid more in line with the actual high 
cost of compensatory education programs. 

■ — There should be a penalty factor for any district 
which uses new revenues to reduce its level of school 
support. • 

■ — The aid formula might be adjusted to weigh the 
amount of local tax revenues required for municipal 

■ — The formula might be modified to employ munic- 
ipal per capita income as a better measure of fiscal abil- 
ity rather than only property valuations per pupil. 

The comparison between urban and suburban districts 
might not produce such sharp reactions were it not for 
the anxiety which has developed over district-by-district 
estimates prepared for the Legislative Commission's re- 
port. The proposed formula calls for a new three-step 
Classification System ("Standard," "intermediate," and 
"comprehensive"). Only a number of relatively well-to- 
do suburban districts were rated as "comprehensive" to 
receive the largest possible increases. The cities dispair; 
for they see no way to get local taxes up to provide the 
level of Programming that would secure them the greater 
State return of a top-classification rating. 

From the study by the Urban Schools Development 
Council, it is apparent that first priority in major State 
school aid reforms must go toward helping equalize 
those handicapped school districts with prohibitive tax 
rates and thousands of disadvantaged children. 

Washingtons Pruning 


■ " . . . Our proposals will include step-by-step plans, 
including careful projections of funding requirements. 

"... though federally supported, they will embrace a 
network of local programs that will enlist voluntary 

"... these programs will not carry extravagent 

"... neither will they carry large price tags for the 
Coming fiscal year. 

"... though the urgency of Controlling Inflation dic- 
tates budget cuts in the short run, we must be prepared 
to increase substantially our doUar Investment in Amer- 
ica's future as soon as the resources become available." 

In as nice a way as possible, the Administration in 
Washington appears to be saying that it is sharpening 
the pruning shears for federal programs. Forthcoming 
proposals to Congress on the Federal Budget and do- 
mestic programs may spell a sad story for schools. 

New Jersey's allocation of Title I monies (for educa- 
tionally disadvantaged children) have been steadily de- 


clining from a high of $24i/2 million in 1965-66 to about 
$19 million this year. 

Reports from Washington indicate that Title II funds 
(for textbooks and materials) may disappear altogether. 
In 1967-68, New Jersey received approximately $3.2 
million for such purposes; only half that amount has 
come during this school year. 

Further sharp cuts are also being discussed for Title 
III (innovative projects) and for Title V (State educa- 
tion department staffing). 

New Jersey Congressmen have always been strong 
supporters of federal aid to education. The 1969 Session 
may, however, be a supreme test. Will all N. J. Senators 
and Representatives continue to press for füll funding 
and expansion of programs in the face of "trim the sails" 

Teachers who know what a difference federal funds 
can make in improving local school programs should be 
telling their story loud and clear. Congressmen need In- 
formation. They need to know that someone back home 
cares what happens to federal school funds. 


on New Jersey Bank 

Name. New Jersey Bank 



Passaic County, New Jersey 

Savings Account 
Checking Account 
Personal Loans 
Auto Loans 

Trust Services 
Bank By Mail 
Safe Deposit Box 
Christmas Club 
Additional Services 







Exclusively Yours. 

Extra Nice 
Ever Ready 

New Jersey Bank has the most extensive inventory of banking Services in Passaic County. 
And dispensing those Services are our friendly, courteous people who deem it a pleasure to 
do business with you. Big depositor or small — or not a depositor at all — you'll always find 
your Problem will be handled confidently and competently by our trained staff . ■ Stop 
in and ask for the complete details of the particular 
Service or Services you have in mind. Remember, every 
one of our 20 branches is fully able to meet all your finan- 
cial requirements. Make New Jersey Bank your one-stop 
bank. Your neighbors do ! 




Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 
Member Federal Reserve System 












ouncil Leaders React 

o the Report of the 

National Advisory Com- 

lission on Civil Dis- 


(' )Ufi( il ( )l ]i'\\ rJi VVoniin ^' 

Niiinhi'r ? 




In an age when the sky is no longer the limit and the 
depths of the ocean have been mapped, it is stränge 
that rights to be human should still be in question and 
in need of populär support. 

In our own beloved country we are at the point where 
the American Dream must become reality for all Amef- 
icans, er it will turn into a nightmare. 

Around the globe, the disenfranchised, the enslaved 
and the deprived suffer still from man's inhumanity to 

Were it otherwise, would the United Nations General 
Assembly in 1968 need to designate an International 
Year for Human Rights? This year we do not celebrate 
triumphantly men's freedom to be men, but, rather use 
the occasion to reach forth tentatively, hopefully to- 
wards such achievement. Before 1968 is out let us hope 
that in the United States we will go much further than 
that and act on the specifics now ready for adoption. 

In 1948, as a primary refining of its purpose "to 
save succeeding generations from the scourge of war; to 
reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dig- 
nity and worth of the human person," the United 
Nations formulated and adopted without dissent man- 
kind's first Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 
The Declaration set a common Standard of achievement 
for all people and recorded the interdependence of 
human rights and world peace. There was no legal 
Status and no Obligation for more than a respectful bow 
toward the principles outlined. 

In 1966 two Covenants on Human Rights; the first 
civil and political, the second, economic, social and 
cultural, were enunciated. These will be binding on 
States that have become party to them when 35 nations 
have given them ratification. It will take a sense of pur- 
pose higher th'an immediate self-interest to reach that 
moment, but step by step we can approach it. 

Working towards this goal, treaties on specific issues 
have been proposed by the General Assembly. These 
are the Human Rights Covenants which are now on the 
agendas of the nations. Five of them have been sent to 
the U. S. Senate by our Presidents. They are the Con- 
ventions on Genocide, Freedom of Association, Slavery, 
Political Rights of Women and Forced Labor. 

As of last November the Slavery Convention was 
ratified. The other treaties lie buried in the Senate 
Foreign Relations Committee and may well stay there 

unless concemed Citizens press for their consideration. 
As our Executive Committee stated this winter: 

"Millions of people all over the globe are still dying 
in Order to achieve basic human rights. It is astonishing 
and disturbing that the United States, long a beacon of 
moral leadership, should lag behind in this basic ex- 
pression of commitment to universal morality. 

"In the 20 years since the signing of the Universal 
Declaration of Human Rights, the United States Senate 
has ratified only the Convention dealing with slavery. 
Ratification of the Conventions on forced labor and the 
political rights of women, which are now before the 
Senate Foreign Relations Committee, is long overdue." 

Through study groups, membership meetings and 
bulletins; by joining with other interested people, we 
can make sure that Council women understand the 
content and the intent of the Conventions. Then we 
can bring our influence to bear on the Senate for action 
now as the most meaningful way to take cognizance of 
Human Rights Year. 

While this study and formal action moves forward, 
we have the continuing and urgent Obligation to be 
personal embodiments of human rights in our daily 
lives. The crisis across our land demands the individual 
witness of each of us — that all men are equal in 

What can be the opposite of human rights, except 
inhuman wrongs? President Kennedy asked another 
question, and we can ask it along with him: "Is not 
peace a matter of human rights?" and we can work so 
that the rule of law and the rule of justice be one rule, 


National Council of Jewish Women / Spring 1968 



To the editor: 

I would like to compliment you 
on the article in your Winter 1968 
issue, "Model Cities: Will We Keep 
the Promise?" Priscilla Dunhill has 
made an excellent presentation of 
the goals, approaches, and potential 
of the Model Cities Program. 

The cities selected last November 
have begun planning to Upgrade 
their model neighborhoods, and 
soon an additional 70 cities will be 
named to participate in the pro- 

To insure these cities the oppor- 
tunity both to plan and carry out 
the attack on urban blight, Presi- 
dent Johnson this year is asking the 
Congress to appropriate $1 billion 
for the Model Cities Program. 

Articles like this one will do 
much to clarify the issues America 
faces in deciding the fate of our 
urban areas. 

Wayne Phillips 
Director, Division of Public Affairs 
U.S, Department of Housing and 

Urban Development 


To theeditors: 

This should warm the cockles 
of an editor's heart. 

A friend of mine, calling on her 
mother, a Council member who 
has celebrated her 80th birthday, 
found her reading the current num- 
ber of Council Woman. 

Eavesdropping on their conver- 
sation we heard: 

"Do you belong to this Organi- 


"Hmmmm — you don't like to be 
told what to do, do you?" 

"Not very much." 

"Well, I'm going to teil you 

something to do. You join this 
Council. This Vm reading isn*t just 
a magazine. It's an education." 

Mrs. Robert Kean 
Columbus, Ohio 

The National Council of Jewish 
Women Issued the foilowing State- 
ment on the death of Dr. Martin 
Luther King, Ir.: 

"The National Council of Jewish 
Women is stunned and saddened 
by the slaying of Dr. Martin Luther 
King, Jr. In a telegram to Mrs. 
King, we expressed our deepest 
sympathles, stating that 'Cur na- 
tion is inestimably poorer without 
his eloquent voice of reason and 

This is a dark moment in the 
history of our nation. But out of 
the anger and frustration we feel 
must come rededication to the 
cause for which Dr. King lived and 
died. Our monument to his mem- 
ory must be a nation af justice for 
all men. 

As Dr. King said, 'Even though 
we face the difficulties of today 
and tomorrow, I still have a 
dream'. It is up to us as a nation 
to take up that dream as an active 
commitment to work toward the 
creation of the socIety he sought 
to build.'' 

COVER: Mothers of Birmingham, a 
sculpture by Erna Weill, collection of 
Fairleigh Dickinson University. Mrs. 
Weill a member of Teaneck (NJ.) 
Section, has works in leading collec- 
tions liere and in Israel. 


International Human Rights 

Year 1968 2 

Are We Ready? 

Council Leaders React to the 
Report of the National Advisory 
Commission on Civil Disorders 4 

Pearl Lamer Willen: 

In Memoriam f 

An Anniversary Salute to 


"To Be An Educator Is To Be 
An Optimist" 9 

What Negroes Really Think 

by Mrs. Bernard Koteen 11 

Charleston : Appalachian 
Corridors Exhibition I 


Council Woman published by the 
National Council of Jewish Women, 
an Organization which, in the spirit of 
Judaism, is dedicated to furthering 
human welfare in the Jewish and gen- 
eral communities, locally, nationally 
and internationally. 

President I Mrs. Leonard H. Weiner 

execuf/Ve director I Miss Hannah Stein 

chairman of tlie national committee on 
public relations I Mrs. Jerome Halper 

e%ecu\:\ye editor I Barbara Roth 

editor / Naomi Volberg 

One West 47th St., New York 10036, N. Y., 
published four times a year in Fall, Winter, 
Spring, Summer. Subscription: $2.00 a year; 
subscription included in membership dues. 
Single copy 350. Second class postage paid 
at the Post Office, New York, N. Y., and at 
additional mailing office. 


I I I I • I I I A t- I 

1,-.|(Vif; MIC, ',( M'.VAM 1 /MAfJ 

r.iAfj Mir, ;'vi irj-, 1 1 

What was your reaction to the reporVs Charge of 
''white racism ?" 

Do you thi'nk whites realize that most 

violence was directed at white property 

in Negro neighborhoods ''rather than 

against white persans ?" 

That ''the overwhelming major ity of the persons 

liilled or injured in ali the disorders were 

Negro civil ians ?" 

Do most people understand the report's analysis 
of why Negroes can't "malie it on their own" as 
white immigrants did? 


Are you and your friends ready to accept the 
recommendations tor desegregation in education 
and housing ? 


What is the major Job for volunteers ? 


Council Leaders React 
to the Report of the 
National Advisory Com- 
mission on Civil Dis- 

The report of the National Ad- 
visory Commission on Civil Dis- 
orders released this spring shook 
up a great many Americans. Many 
were shocked, some were angered 
by its Charge of "v^hite racism." 
Most were appalled by its waming 
that "Our nation is moving toward 
two societies, one black, one white 
— separate and unequal." 

Many Council women, educated 
as they are by NCJW Schools for 
Community Action, working as 
they are in projects in underprivi- 
leged areas, are not strangers to 
many of the facts presented in the 
report. But are they ready to ac- 
cepts its füll implications? Are they 
willing to accept responsibility for 
helping to change the grim Situation 
it describes? 

Council Woman asked these and 

the questions opposite of a group 

of NCJW leaders, many of them 

members of the National Program 

Development Committee which is 

now discussing what Council can 

and should do to alleviate some of 

the Problems of our cities in crisis. 

Most of the women we interviewed 

are residents of Northern cities 

which had been hit or threatened 

by riots, and two on the very day 

we talked were in Chicago and 

Washington, D.C., in the midst of 

the turmoil that followed the as- 

sassination of Dr. Martin Luther 

King, Jr. 

These were some of their re- 


"It's a courageous report, a his- 
tory-making report," said Mrs. 
Leon Marantz who lives near 
Newark and chairs the Program 
Committee's Subcommitee on Pov- 

erty. "White racism? Yes, I think 
it had to be said." 

"The report laid the issue on the 
line," declared NCJW V.P. Mrs. 
Betty Jane Fleischaker of Louis- 
ville, Ky. "And Fm glad it did. 
The main responsibility is certainly 
with the white Community." 

"Many people say that it's equal- 
ly a Negro responsibility," com- 
mented Mrs. Edward Wasserman, 
former president of Bridgeport 
(Conn.) Section and a leader in 
her city's Urban Coalition. "And 
of course all parties are responsible. 
But the white community's share 
is so great, I believe, that you can't 
gloss over it by talking about what 
Negroes have to do. We have to 
two societies, one black, one white 

"We don't like to acknowledge 
that we're racists, but we are," said 
Mrs. Samuel Brown of Washing- 
ton, D.C., former chairman of the 
old NCJW Public Affairs Commit- 
tee. "WeVe been a white society so 
long we never even thought about 
it before. And we still don't want 
to think about it. It disturbs our 
equilibrium, our comfortable way 
of life. 

"We're living in the midst of a 
real social revolution," she ex- 
claimed, "and most of us are afraid 
to face it!" 

Would the riots downtown today 
change her mind about white re- 

"No," said Mrs. Brown. 

Mrs. Max Berg, Chicago Section 
President, who lives in an inte- 
grated neighborhood where "stores 
were smashed in just around the 
comer," feit the same way. 

"Our Section issued a Statement 
supporting the report right after its 
release," she said. "We got a few 
threatening letters, but that doesn't 
really frighten me. Anyway, some- 
body has to do something! 

"Of course there's fear here," 
she commented. "But it's fear of 
violence, not of Negroes. My 
Negro neighbors are just as afraid 
as the whites are!" 

"I don*t think we can discount 
the fear," said Mrs. Sylvan 

Schwartzman of Cincinnati. And 
we do have to oppose the violence. 
"There does have to be respect for 
law and order. 

"What troubles me is that so 
many Negroes seem to feel that 
the only way they can get a hearing 
is by violence. And, unfortunately, 
there's truth in that. Riots get on 
the front page. The NAACP 

Were most people aware that 
most of those hurt in the violence 
were Negroes? 

"I think around here they were," 
answered. Mrs. Marantz. « "But I 
don't think many realized how few 
white policemen were hurt — how 
unequal the proportion was. I don't 
think most people are yet aware 
how crucial police action can be in 
provoking — or averting — violence." 

Program Development chairman 
Mrs. Ira Y. Copen, who also comes 
from the Newark area, said that it 
was hard for her to believe that 
there was no conspiracy, "even 
though I don't question for a mo- 
ment the root causes of the riots. 
Perhaps it's even more frightening 
if there wasn't a conspiracy," she 
commented. It makes you realize 
what a tinderbox of grievances 
there is in this country!" 

Both Mrs. Marantz and Mrs. 
Copen agreed that most people still 
do not realize the difTerences out- 
lined in the report between the 
Situation faced by poor Negroes 
and white immigrants of p^t gen- 

"I hear it all the time," said Mrs. 
Copen. "Why don't they pull them- 
selves up by their own bootstraps 
the way we did? I call that a kind 
of copping out by white people. 

"If we didn't know the answers 
before, the report certainly makes 
them clear," said Mrs. Copen. 
"The difference in the complexity 
of the economy, the impossibility 
of starting out today with as little 
education and skill as white immi- 
grants did, the arrival of Negroes 
in cities too late to benefit from 
the favors of old-style political ma- 
chines as other immigrants did, the 
greater gap between the rieh and 

National Council of Jemsh Women I Spring 1968 

poor today — and most of all, the 
sheer power of racial discrimina- 
tion in blocking opportunity and 
the very hope of escaping poverty." 
*'It*s a part of the report Vd like 
to see studied," said Mrs. Marantz. 
"I don't think most middle-class 
Negroes understand it either." 

Are most white people ready to 
accept housing and school de- 
segregation? Most of the Council 
leaders thought not. 

"Maybe school desegregation," 
said Mrs. Fleischaker, "but not 
housing. It's amazing how many 
people still believe the old myth 
that Negroes cause property de- 
valuation. In spite of all the studies 
and reports to the contrary! It*s 
something that has to be proved 
over and over again!" 

"Some people say," said Mrs. 
Wasserman of Bridgeport, that 
white people are fleeing to the 
suburbs not so much out of fear of 
Negroes as from a desire to be 
more *middle-class.' If this is true 
— and I think it is largely — we have 
to ask ourselves some hard ques- 

"How far are we willing to go 
and how much are we willing to 
sacrifice in the process? At what 
point does *having the best for our 
children' preclude somebody eise 
from having anything at all? At 
what point does it set up a wall 
shutting off Negroes from advance- 

"I don't pretend this is an easy 
question to face," Mrs. Wasserman 
admitted. "Fm ambivalent about it 
myself. But I think we're already 
paying the piice of seeking our own 
families' *enrichment' at the ex- 
pense of all others. Those left be- 
hind in the cities are paying the 
price, and we're all paying the 

The biggest job for volunteers, 
nearly all the women agreed, is 
changing white attitudes both with- 
in and without Council. Several 
mentioned the need for more pro- 
grams like The Immovable Middle 
Class, the 1964-65 NCJW School 
for Community Action which con- 

fronted its participants with the 
very questions asked by Mrs. Was- 

**We need more of this kind of 
program, and we need to carry it 
far beyond Council out into the 
Community," said Mrs. Brown. 

"But there's a great deal more 
we can do, too," declared Mrs. 
Fleischaker. "The report mentions 
police practices, housing, unem- 
ployment and destructive welfare 
practices as some of the chief 
Negro grievances. We*re in an ex- 
cellent position to do something 
about these. We have the knowl- 
edge and the experience and the 
entree into high places. We know 
how to pressure local govemments 
to remedy police practices and 
adopt better housing and welfare 
laws. We know the businessmen 
who can Sponsor low-cost housing 
and provide Jobs. Some of them 
are our own husbands!" 

"Fd particularly like to see Coun- 
cil women approach their husbands 
for Jobs for youth this summer," 
said Mrs. Earl Marvin of Wood- 
mere, L.L, another NCJW V.P. 
who is on the Program Develop- 
ment Committee. "When I attended 
the President's Conference on 
Youth held in Washington recently, 
there was a great deal of emphasis 
placed on the tremendous needs 
that face us right now, this year. 
Not only for Jobs, but for on-the- 
job training, transportation to get 
to the Jobs, and decent recreational 
facilities too. 

"There are supposed to be 
Mayors' committees working on 
these Problems in most of the major 
cities," she reported. "I would cer- 
tainly urge Council women to find 
out what's happening in their own 
communities and to help in what- 
ever way they can. 

"Fd also like to see Council 
women do more to get local Urban 
Coalitions moving," added Mrs. 
Marvin. "It's been almost a year 
since the idea was first formulated 
of a concerted business-labor-civic 
Organization attack on urban Prob- 
lems, and not enough seems to be 
happening yet." 

Neither should Council volun- 
teers underestimate the value of 
their own Service projects, said 
Mrs. Fleischaker. "WICS, youth 
employment projects, day care Cen- 
ters — these bring us into immediate 
contact with the black Community," 
she emphasized. "Perhaps even 
more important than the help we 
give is the deepening of knowledge 
and sensitivity that we gain from 
working with these people." 

But what about the fear many 
volunteers feel about going into 
ghetto neighborhoods? 

"It's there," said Mrs. Marantz. 
"Fve feit it myself. But I go in any- 
way. The only way you're going to 
have law and order is to meet 
some of the needs that set off the 
violence in the first place. 

"I don't mean you have to be a 
hero, or court trouble," she ex- 
plains. "There are many sensible 
precautions you can take. Go in 
the daytime and take someone with 
you. When you have an evening 
meeting, have it downtown on a 
night the Stores are open. WeVe 
done this in Newark and we*ve 
never had any trouble. Believe me, 
the women of the ghetto are just as 
scared to go out at night as we 

"There's another reason for fear 
of going into the ghetto, of course," 
commented former Program chair- 
man Mrs. Sidney Weinstein, who 
also lives near Newark. "It*s that 
we're not wanted there. Partially, 
it's true — but again it isn't." 

Mrs. Weinstein likes to teil of 
the conversation she had with Mrs. 
Shirley Lacy of the Scholarship, 
Education and Defense Fimd for 
Racial Equality, who is organizing 
self-help programs for women in 
the Newark ghetto. 

"We were on the same panel at 
a training session for NCJW lead- 
ers in Essex County," Mrs. Wein- 
stein explained. "And Mrs. Lacy, 
who had been invited to give us 
background on new anti-poverty 
agencies, had just finished saying 
that ghetto residents would rather 
help themselves than be helped by 
Outsiders. {Continued on page 14) 

National Council of Jewish Women I Spring 1968 


In Memoriam 

Pearl Larner Willen, immediate 
past President of NCJW, died in a 
bus accident in Nairobi, Kenya, on 
March 17 at the age of 64. 

For all who knew her that fact 
is still very difficult to accept. It is 
hard to associate death with some- 
one who was so involved in life. 
Perhaps it was because she loved 
life so much that she wanted every 
human being to have the chance to 
live it fuUy, why she spent so much 
of her time working to that end. 

In a rieh and crowded career, 
Pearl Willen was a social worker, 
an adult educator, a political activ- 
ist and a leader of organizations 
that ranged from Council to the 
C.O.R.E. Educational, Scholarship 
and Defense Committee; from the 
National Social Weifare Assembly 
to the Workers Defense League 
and the Citizens Crusade Against 
Poverty. To her all the causes were 
but parts of a Single struggle. 

"The overriding issue of our 
times," she said in her inaugural 
address as NCJW President in 
1963, "is the struggle all over the 
World for social and ethnic democ- 
racy: for racial equality and the 
elimination of poverty. And it is 
one issue for they are all tied up 
with one another." 

Volunteers, she believed, had a 
vital role to play, because "though 
govemment financing is necessary, 
bureaucracy is not the answer to 
human problems. Money alone is 
not the answer. It is people who 
care that make the diflference — 
people who care enough to climb 
stairs, to give testimony at City 
Hall, to march in a demonstration. 
Humanity needs a lobby and we 
intend to be part of that lobby." 

During her NCJW presidency, 
from 1963 to 1967, Mrs. Willen 

led Council women in some of their 
proudest examples of this "lobby- 
ing:" the development of anti-drop- 
out and school enrichment pro- 
grams, the pre-kindergartens that 
anticipated Project Head Start, the 
first NCJW experimental programs 
for culturally different children in 
Israel, and the NCJW Schools fcr 
Community Action that made 
many understand for the first time 
the soul-killing obstacles that block 
the way for too many women and 
youth in our country. 

She thought it particularly fitting 
that a Jewish Organization should 
be concemed with such programs 


because: "The Jewish tradition is 
an optimistic one; it expresses faith 
in the perfectability of man and in 
the Solution of our difficuities. 
Councirs commitment to justice is 
an expression of Judaism that our 
children can understand, admire — 
and live with." 

Pearl Larner was born in Chi- 
cago in 1904. She was educated at 
George Washington University in 
St. Louis, the New York School of 
Social Work and the Graduate 
School of Jewish Social Work. It 
was at the opening ceremonies for 
the latter school in 1925 that a 
young social work executive spotted 
her in the crowd, changed place 

Cards so that he could sit next to 
her, and began a courtship that 
ended six months later in marriage. 
He was Joseph Willen, later to be- 
come Executive Vice-President of 
the Federation of Jewish Philan- 

In the early years of her mar- 
riage, Mrs. Willen was a casework- 
er for the Foster Home Bureau 
of New York, then switched to 
adult education and became direc- 
tor of the Parents Education In- 
stitute of the W.P.A. While her 
two children — Paul, now an archi- 
tect, and Deborah, Mrs. Fred 
Meier, a teacher and writer on 
early childhood education — were 
growing up, she became active in 
politics. In 1943 she ran unsuc- 
cessfully for a seat on the New 
York City Council, and the next 
year was among those who formed 
the Liberal Party. She was a Liberal 
Party vice-chairman from 1944 to 
1948, and served as chairman of 
the Party women's division from 
1946 to 1952. 

Meanwhile, during the forties, 
Pearl Willen's friend, Katharine 
Asher Engel, had recruited her in- 
to New York Section of Council. 
She gravitated naturally toward the 
Committee on Social Legislation, 
which she chaired from 1944 to 
1946, and then went on to become 
NCJW Chairman of Education and 
Social Action. It was in this post 
in 1952 that she led the Freedom 
Campaign against McCarthyism in 
which Council joined with three 
other women's groups to raise the 
first organizational voice against 
the political hysteria then gripping 
the country. It was also during this 
period — in 1951 — that her far- 
sighted concem for civil rights won 
her the Woman of the Year Award 
of the National Council of Negro 

In 1954, Peari Willen's belief in 
what she liked to call "woman- 
power" led her in a new direction. 
While attending a Convention of 
the International Council of Jewish 
Women in London, she spoke so 
eloquently of the potential of the 
(Continued on page 15) 

"Veteran pioneers and def enders, 
and newcomers braving blockades, 
they made the wilderness bloom, 
revived their Hebrew tongue, and 
built villages and towns, They 
founded a thriving society, master 
of its own economy and culture, 
pursuing peace but able to defend 
itself, bringing the blessing of prog- 
ress to all the inhabitants of the 
Land, dedicated to the attainment 
of sovereign independence/' 

This is the way David Ben 
Gurion described his country and 
his countrymen in his Proclamation 
of Independence on May 14, 1948, 
when the State of Israel was bom. 
As we Salute Israel on her 20th 
anniversary, we salute a monument 
to the dauntlessness of the human 
spirit. For through two long and 
treacherous decades, Israel has sur- 
vived. This alone is cause for cele- 
bration. But Israel has much more 
to celebrate than mere survival, 
more to celebrate than the military 
victories which enabled that sur- 

It is to Israelis great credit that 
she has become not only a nation 
of heroes — but a nation of scholars 
and scientists, teachers and social 
workers, farmers and builders. 
Those who feared that Israel would 

become another Sparta because of 
her emphasis on defense have been 
pleased to note that the people of 
the Book are still the people of the 
book. Israel ranks second in the 
World for the number of titles pub- 
lished in proportion to the popula- 
tion. A nation no larger than the 
State of New Jersey, it has 1,000 
libraries with 8 million books and 
publishes 24 newspapers and 400 
other periodicals. And where eise 
could history be a way of life, 
archaelogy a national hobby! 

Israel is also a nation of scien- 
tists. Concemed with everything 
from desalination to Cancer re- 
search to agricultural Innovation, 
Israelis scientific institutions are 
gaining world renown. At Hebrew 
University alone, scientists are cur- 
rently engaged in 2,500 research 
projects ranging from the prepara- 
tion of a new Hebrew Bible to the 
development of new food grains to 
further the world battle against 

The National Council of Jewish 
Women knows at first band that 
Israel is a nation of teachers and 
social workers. Through the Over- 
seas Fellowship program and our 
Cooperation with Israeli educational 

institutions, we have worked with 
Israeli educators and social welfare 
specialists, watching Israelis facili- 
ties expand and create new ideas 
for the entire world to emulate. 

But most of all Israel is a nation 
of idealists. Where but in Israel 
could a desert be considered not a 
a wasteland but a challenge? Still 
struggling to develop itself, Israel 
provides technical assistance to un- 
derdeveloped nations in Africa, 
Asia and Latin America. From 
1958 to 1966, some 9,000 trainees 
from nations in these areas came 
to Israel for almost 800 courses, 
Seminars and study missions. 

This idealism is translated into 
a national commitment to solve the 
Problems facing the massive num- 
bers of immigrants Israel has as- 
similated since its independence. 
For its non-Westem peoples, Israel 
is constantly formulating new pro- 
grams and Services aimed at bring- 
ing these people the opportunities 
in education and employment they 
need for success in their new land. 

This is the spirit that has enabled 
Israel to achieve in decades what 
others could not do in centuries. 
The National Council of Jewish 
Women salutes this spirit on Israelis 
20th anniversary. 

National Council of Jewish Women I Spring 1968 

"To be 
an Educator 
is to be 
an Optimist 



Photo by Sonia 

A talk with NCjW Over- 
seas Fellow Zehava Malkiel 

"I came to your country to find 
out how you handle your problem 
of teäching culturally different chil- 
dren," says NCJW Overseas Fellow 
Zehava Malkiel. "I had heard how 
similar it is to ours. But^when I 
got here I discovered that it was 
quite a diflferent problem." 

Mrs. Malkiel, a specialist in 
teäching the disadvantaged for the 
Israel Ministry of Education, is a 
fresh-faced woman who fairly 
glows when she talks about teäch- 
ing — a subject with which she has 
been intimately involved for 27 
years. In her present post, she 
supervises a group of "teacher- 
guides" — former school principals 
and outstanding teachefs — who 
travel to new immigrant villages to 
train teachers of non-European im- 
migrant children in the Ministry's 
religious school system. She has 
been here on an NCJW Fellowship 
since last fall, doing postgraduate 
work at Columbia University 
Teachers College, observing public 
schools in and around New York 
City, and talking to dozens of 
teachers, principals and educational ' 

The significant difference be- 
tween the Israeli and the American 
problem, she finds, is "race." She 
explains quickly, "by that I mean 
the feeling of Separation of Ne- 
groes and whites here, the Negro 
child's sense of alienation from the 
dominant culture — and his hope- 
lessness for the future. 

"Yes," she explains, "in Israel 
the Near Eastem and North Afri- 
can immigrant is deprived like your 
Negro and Puerto Rican. And he 
comes from a different cultural 

"But," the Israeli educator em- 
phasizes, "there is not this feeling 
of separateness. We are one nation. 
In Tel Aviv today, forinstance, 20 
per Cent of the marriages are be- 
tween Westemers and *Orientals.' " 
In addition, she points out, there 
is the strong emotional tie in Israel 

of a common religion and tradition. 

"The Moroccan Jew who comes 

to Israel is not Coming to an alien 

land," she explains. "He is Coming 

home! For generations he has heard 

about Israel as his homeland. He 

knows the Bible stories. Even if he 

could not read them he heard them 

told in the synagogue. Now he is 

living in the place where Abraham 

pitched his tents, where David bat- 

tled. The children of such fami- 

lies have no problem of *identity.* " 

The Israeli educator's task is, 

thus, if not less complicated, she 

feels, different in spirit. "In Israel,*' 

she says, "each of us is involved 

in this work in a very personal 

way. We know that to survive we 

must have a unified country. A 

teacher's Job is not just a job . . . 

it becomes a mission." 

Even though she has met many 
eamest American educators, Mrs. 
Malkiel does not find the same 
spirit here. "There is not this feel- 
ing of taking part in a Crusade. 
When the schoolday is over, your 
teachers close their books and go 
home. In Israel we encourage the 
teachers to live in the immigrant 
villages. We bring the parents into 
the schools." 

It is not unusual, she says, for 
her to receive a frantic phone call 
quite late in the evening from the 
husband of one of her teacher- 
guides, wanting to know why his 
wife is not yet home. 

"I check and find that she has 
become so involved in a village that 
she has just stayed on and not had 
a Chance to call home." 

With all these differences, then, 
what has an Israeli educator to 
learn from Americans? 

"Oh, a great deal," says Mrs. 
Malkiel. "Because of our very 
sense of urgency we have had to 
improvise as we go along. U.S. 
teachers are better prepared, have 
more tools, more research, more 
opportunity to stand back and look 
at what they are doing. 

"Some of the programs devised 
by my group were done in a rather 
intuitive way. When I get back, I 

hope to use the theoretical mate- 
rial Fve found here to develop a 
few more fuUy, to understand bet- 
ter why they are effective. It's 
essential to know this if you are 
training teachers as we are." This 
will also be the great value of the 
Center for research into education 
of the culturally disadvantaged that 
Council is Sponsoring in Israel, she 

Until now, much of the program 
material for the teachers trained by 
her group has come from a series 
of free-wheeling Workshops, Mrs. 
Malkiel says. "We bring together 
teachers and teacher-guides, some- 
times as many as 50 people from 
both the religious and secular 
schools — and throw basic questions 
at them. *Here is a child who has 
diüiculty abstracting the idea of 
'number,' we say. *How are you 
going to apply your new theories to 
teach him math?' We talk not just 
about the subject matter but about 
how the lesson affects the child, 
changes his attitude." 

These discussions have given rise 
to a whole series of pamphlets on 
teaching which are used through- 
out the Israeli school System. 

The religious schools, for whose 
first five grades she is responsible, 
comprise one-third of the Israeli 
school System, Mrs. Malkiel ex- 
plains. The curriculum is similar to 
that of the rest of Israeli schools, 
but the teachers' background and 
approach are religious rather than 

"For instance," she says, **a 
coiirse calied the Jewish Heritage 
is taught in all schools, but in the 
secular ones it is a matter of history 
and culture, in the religious ones it 
is taught as a way of life." 

This school system, which is run 
by the Ministry, grew up alongside 
the secular schools from the be- 
ginning of the settlement of Pales- 
tine, because many of the original 
settlers were Orthodox. Today, par- 
ents can choose which type of 
school they wish for their children. 

"It is much easier for parents 
from the East, most of whom are 
quite devout, to accept a religious 
school," notes Mrs. Malkiel. "Es- 
pecially the fathers! They are the 
ones whose way of life is most 
threatened by the new Western 
customs — especially by the idea 
of a woman teaching." 

An important part of Mrs. Mal- 
kiel's teacher-training is devoted to 
meeting these parents half-way and 
instilling in their children a pride 
in the cultures they came from. 
•*We imbue our teachers with the 
importance of finding out all they 
can about the village's background, 
its customs, its attitudes," she says. 
"I think we have turned up some 
material so detailed and original 
that it would fascinate an anthro- 

But, Mrs. Malkiel thinks, there 
is one still more important ap- 
proach to instill in a teacher. She 
likes to call it "disobedience." 

"I want a teacher to feel free to 
be daring. I don*t want her fol- 
lowing a curriculum by rote. She 
must be involved, creative, critical. 
She must be a professional, not a 
technician. In each child I want 
her to see an individual. *Here is 
your challenge,' I say to her. It is 
your responsibility to teach him, 
change him!' " 

Is she optimistic about teaching 
disadvantaged children? 

"To be an educator is synony- 
mous with being an Optimist," says 
Mrs. Malkiel. 

This is your Book; Mrs. Saunders 

Mrs, Saunders' name does not appear in NCJW's new book^ 
"Where There's A Woman/' But when Mrs. Richard Saunders 
of New Hyde Park, N. Y., turned to page 73 and read her story, 
she knew that the book was all about her. The story told about 
her work with an emotionally disturbed youngster in Park 
(N.Y.) Section's Teacher-Mom program. "Where There's A 
Woman'' has lots of stories about lots of Council women. 
Could one of them be about you? 

Wtiei'ti THere « A Wrm«»« 

75th Anniversary Book, NCJW 

1 West 47th Street, N. Y., N. Y. 10036 

Enclosed is $ for 


at $4.95 plus 30 cents postage and handling per copy. 
Name — — — ■ 






A new study shows the statistics on "Negro Anti-Semitism" 

by Mrs. Bernard Koteen 

Mrs. Bernard Koteen of Wash- 
ington, D.C., is Vice-Chairman of 
the NCJW Program Development 

Protest and Prejudice, *^a study 
of belief in the Black Community," 
by Gary T. Marx, Research Asso- 
ciate at the M.I.T. — ^Harvard Joint 
Center for Urban Studies, under 
the auspices of the Anti-Defama- 
tion League of B'nai B'rith. 

In this time of rioting, rumor and 
fear, it is good to have this slim 
volume which offers a carefully 
gathered nationwide poll and analy- 
sis of the attitudes of Negro Amer- 
icans toward themselves, their pros- 
pects, and their white countrymen. 

Mr. Marx's mission is to reveal, 
not to resolve. His study is built 
on the premise that the first step in 
tackling the greatest challenge of 
the 20th Century, the challenge of 
integration, is development of the 
national will to do so. The national 
will, in tum, depends upon Amer- 
ica's ability to hear and to see; to 
understand and accept what the 
Negro thinks; and, finally, upon a 
willingness to expose and remold 
our own attitudes in the light of 
new knowledge. 

The prescription is not a bitter 
one. For those who fear that articu- 
late racists like H. Rap Brown ex- 
press the prevailing mood of the 
American Negro, Mr. Marx sup- 
plies the comforting statistic that 

82% think that the NAACP, among 
civil rights organizations, is doing 
the most to help Negroes. 

Only one-third of the Negro 
Community participates consistendy 
in any form of civil rights activity. 

Even fewer are anti-white. 

For US in the Jewish Community 
Mr. Marx has yet more startiing 

To the degree that Negroes dis- 
tinguish between Jewish and non- 
Jewish whites, they prefer Jews. 

Gary Marx's Statistical analysis 
makes it clear that Negroes, if 
anything, are less intolerant than 
whites. Like his white counterpart, 
the Negro American is exposed to 
the common anti-Semitic compo- 
nent of our culture. "Negative atti- 
tudes toward Jews," says Mr. Marx, 
"may be *normar in the sense of 
being typical among Negroes as 
among whites." Yet his pollsters, 
all of them Negro, found that 
among urban dwellers of all ages 
(except the very young who were 
not polled), of all regions and of 
all cultural and economic levels 
76 per cent scored as non-anti- 
Semitic or low on anti-Semitism. 

When asked, "Do you think it 
better to work for a Jewish person 
or for a white person who is not 
Jewish," about half responded, "the 
same," or "don't know," but the 
remainder were much more likely 
to favor a Jewish employer. 

In the most sensitive area of re- 
lationships, proprietor to customer, 

the same tendency was noted. In 
reply to the question "Do you 
think that Jewish störe owners are 
better, worse or about the same as 
other Store owners?' about seven 
out of ten made no distinction. But 
where a distinction was made, Jew- 
ish Store owners were seen as some- 
what better. 

Said a nurse's aid in Adanta, 
"They are more nicer to the colored 
people than the Southern whites 
are to me. They treat you just like 
you were white or a Jew. I could 
buy groceries on credit at the Jew- 
ish Store, and some of those white 
owners won't even cash my check." 

Many of us are under the im- 
pression that Negro anti-Semitism 
is on the increase. Thus responses 
to the following question are of 
special interest: 

"Thinking of Jews as a group, 
would you say you feel more 
f riendly toward them now than you 
used to, less friendly, or have you 
always feit as you do now?" 

Most of those interviewed said 
that they feit the same toward Jews 
now as in the past. But of those 
who reported feeling differently, 
almost 90% said that they now feit 
more friendly than they used to. 
Comment almost always dealt in 
some way with Jewish support of 
civil rights. 

Mr. Marx's analysis was com- 

pleted in the fall of 1966. His data 

was collected when the vision of 

the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was 

(Continued on page 14) 


Very high 




Non plus low 

*Metro area = Non-Southern metropolitan area sample 


New York 





























Chart adopted from "Protest and Prejudice" by Gary T. Marx 



" Governor Hulett Smith of West Virginia and Mrs. Smith 
are entertained on opening night by Kentucky craftsman 
Homer Ledford who makes mountain instruments. 

Admiring an exhibit as it arrived at the warehouse: co-chair- 
man Mrs. Sidney Margolis, Mrs. Philip Angel Jr., Section 
President Mrs. Philip Angel Sr., Mrs. Hulett Smith and 
co-chairman Mrs, Mark Schaul. 




A part of the crowd on opening night. 

This hand-loomed rüg by Blanche McDonald of Letter Gap, 
W. Va., won a $100 purchase award. 

Prize-winning artist Mrs. Shao Fang Sheng smiles as her 
husband takes her picture's picture on opening night. 

Leland Staven of Berry College, Ga., with his award-winning 
mixed media composition Cosmogenesis. 



The Governor came to the open- 
ing. Lloyd Goodrich, famed direc- 
tor of New York's Whitney Mu- 
seum was a judge. The award 
money, raised with the help of 
three foundations, totalled $15,000 
and went to 59 artists and crafts- 
men, including a College professor 
for a mixed media abstraction and 
a 99-year-old West Virginia moun- 
tain woman for a hand-loomed rüg. 

And on opening night 50 Sec- 
tion members cooked casserole din- 
ners for 300 artists and guests. 

That was Charleston (W. Va.) 
Section's Appalachian Corridors 
Exhibition I, a Section fund-raiser 
that turned into the first regional 
art show in Appalachia and the 
first of its kind anywhere. The 
show ran from March 28 to April 
28 at the Charleston Art Gallery 
at Sunrise, and exhibited 193 pieces 
by 172 artists and craftsmen from 
13 States. Besides bringing fame 
and some fortune to the Section, it 
helped to launch a number of new 
artists, to bring business to regional 
craftsmen, and to call attention to 
the talents of a region usually asso- 
ciated with crisis and poverty. 

"It all began,*' explains Mrs. 
Mark Schaul, co-chairman of the 
show and an artist herseif, "when 
a few friends of mine were sitting 
around talking about the lack of a 
major competitive exhibition in this 
area. The Section was thinking of 
a new fund-raising event, and we'd 
had four art shows before, modest 
ones held on weekends in the Civic 

"But now Charleston had a new 
art gallery. Suppose we didn*t bring 
in paintings from New York? Sup- 
pose we tapped the resources of 
our own region? There were plenty 
of artists, we knew, in the towns 
and up in the mountains and on 
College campuses. We could even 
bring in local craftsmen, the con- 
temporary ones as well as the folk 
craftsmen that the West Virginia 
State Arts and Crafts Division has 

been trying to encourage." 

Though skepticism from both 
artists and Section members was 
the first reaction, Mrs. Schaul won 
the backing of Section President 
Mrs. Philip Angel and Ways and 
Means Vice-President Mrs. Stanley 
Margolis, who became exhibition 
chairman. Mrs. Schaul and Mrs. 
Margolis spent most of the spring 
of 1967, researching and writing to 
arts Councils, museums, galleries, 
schools and publications that could 
suggest artists to contact, and busi- 
nesses and foundations that might 
supply money. They nailed down a 
date with the Charleston Art Gal- 
lery, scheduled to open March 1, 
1968, and then, with their hearts in 
their mouths, wrote "cold" to Lloyd 
Goodrich to ask if he would judge 
fine arts, and to Paul Smith, direc- 
tor of the Museum of Contem- 
porary Crafts in New York, to ask 
if he would judge crafts. 

"It took months," says Mrs. Mar- 
golis, "but they both said yes. They 
seemed intrigued by the idea." The 
women's next coup was a $5,000 
grant from the federally financed 
National Endowment for the Arts 
in Washington, D.C., the first En- 
dowment money of any kind 
awarded in the State of West Vir- 
ginia. This was to help pay for the 
shipping, storage and handling of 
the works. 

"We wanted to attract new young 
artists and craftsmen," explains 
Mrs. Schaul, "many of whom we 
knew could not pay a high en- 
trance fee." They also got grants 
for prize money and purchase 
awards from the West Virginia Arts 
and Humanities Council, from the 
private Benedum Foundation, and 
from business firms and civic or- 
ganizations. At the same time, a 
Section committee started raising 
$5 and $10 and $20 bills from 
members and friends who would 
be patrons and Sponsors of the 
show, thus financing such Section 
projects as a remedial reading Serv- 
ice, a Career Days program to dis- 

courage dropouts and an Adopt-A- 
School project which provides extra 
supplies to needy county schools. 

In November, the first prospec- 
tuses and press releases went out. 
Initial response was 1,000 letters. 
There were to be 10,000 before 
they were through. 

By this time, Mrs. Margolis* 
basement had become an office 
crammed with files and the show 
had becorne a full-time Job for 
Mrs. Schaul, Mrs. Margolis, Mrs. 
Si Galperin, who answered artists' 
inquiries, Mrs. David Stern, who 
handled entry blanks, and Bulletin 
Chairman Mrs. Bertram Sonis, 
who built up excitement about the 
show on newspaper pages, radio 
and TV week after week before 
the opening. Mrs. Philip Angel, Jr., 
a member of the staff of the State 
Arts and Crafts Division, worked 
as liaison with the agency and 
other government departn^ents. 
Dozens of other Section members 
were pressed into part-time service, 
typing, filing, mimeographing and 
licking stamps for the 500 envel- 
opes that went out with each mail- 
ing. Others babysat for the mothers 
doing the office work and, later, 
arranged for accommodations and 
babysitting for the 59 artists and 
craftsmen who would attend. 

As the art works began to pour 
in, the Operation slowly shifted to 
a huge warehouse where the women 
spent two months measuring, 
checking and categorizing. In Feh- 
ruary, when Mr. Goodrich and Mr. 
Smith arrived to choose which works 
would be exhibited and which 
would win prizes, they had re- 
ceived 813 pieces from 456 artists. 

"A very good show," said Mr. 
Goodrich. "A lively show. An un- 
usual show." Both he and Mr. 
Smith were füll of admiration for 
the efficiency and extraordinary 
planning done by the Council 

"And we're already receiving in- 
quiries about Exhibition II in 
1970!" exclaims Mrs. Schaul. 

National Council of Jewish Women I Spring 1968 


(Continued from page 11) 
still fresh and its fruits seemed at- 
tainable. But time passes, and — as 
the report of the National Advisory 
Committee on Civil Disorders 
makes painfully clear — equal op- 
portunity remains an unfulfilled 

Can we not, then, agree with 
Benjamin R. Epstein, national 
director of the Anti-Defamation 
League, that "The Jewish Commu- 
nity would be well advised . . . to 

drop preoccupation with Negro 
anti-Semitism, which only serves to 
divert energies from the civil rights 

Can we not then concem our- 
selves with the far more serious 
question of whether the optimistic 
peace-loving Negro whom Mr. 
Marx pictures will achieve what 
has been promised to him before 
bis optimism turns to bitterness 
and bis hope to desperation? B 


UnderstandinK and Enjoylng 
the Sabbath and Holidays 






Jewish religion is a family affalr. Its customs and ceremonles are centered more around the 
home than around the Synagogue. It is also a religion which places special emphasis on 

A HANDBOOK FOR THE JEWISH FAMILY Is the answer to the many questlons that might 
arise in young Jewish families pertaining to the traditions and observances of the Sabbath 
and Holidays in the home. 

A HANDBOOK FOR THE JEWISH FAMILY contains detalied Instructions for every holiday. 
Hera are the sen/ices at the table, the songs to sing, the games to play and the stories to 
teil. And every Hebrew word is transliterated. A special feature is the Haggadah which offers 
a fresh approach to the conducting of the Seder. 

A HANDBOOK FOR THE JEWISH FAMILY is a must for every Jewish home and library. 
A most welcome gift for every occasion. $5.95 

THE JEWISH COOK BOOK - International 
Cooking according to the Jewish Oietary 
Laws by Mildred Grosberg Bellin. Over 3000 
kosher recipes! $4.95 


A Handbook for The Jewish Family $5.95 
The Jewish Cook Book $4.95 

Both books-value $10.90 for only $6.95 

31 West 31 tt Street, New York, N.Y. 10001 

f1 Please send me copies of A HANOBOOK 
CR THE JEWISH FAMILY at $5.95 a copy. 

D Please send me copies of THE JEWISH 

COOK BOOK at $4.95 a copy. 

n 1 would like to take advantage of your com- 

mned offer. Please send me sets at $6.95 

for both books. 





Enclosed is check for $ 

Add sales tax where necessary. 

(Continued from Page 6) 

"It was a very small, informal 
meeting and I know Shirley Lacy 
pretty well, so I said: 'Look, Shir- 
ley, what do you want me to do? 
I can't help it, but I'm white and 
I'm Jewish and my husband is 
successful. I've been volunteering 
all my life, and Vm too old now to 
learn bridge. You mean there isn't 
anything I can do?' 

"Everybody laughed, of course," 
said Mrs. Weinstein. "And then 
Mrs. Lacy looked me in the eye 
and said: 'How about mimeo- 

"Well," exclaimed Mrs. Wein- 
stein, "how about mimeographing! 

"While you're mimeographing 
you talk to people. You build up 
relationships. You show them that 
you really came to help, not to run 
the place. Then, perhaps, you're in 
a Position to use some of your ex- 

"Later, in the same conversa- 
tion," Mrs. Weinstein reported. "I 
asked Mrs. Lacy if she would be 
interested in seeing the kind of 
testimony NCJW prepares for Con- 
gress on education and welfare 
bills. She was delighted. She said, 
*we'd like to consult with you on 
this kind of thing. But please don't 
write it for us!' 

"I think," said Mrs. Weinstein, 
"that that is the spirit we have to 
understand and appreciate and 
work with, as hard as it may be for 
some of US. 

"We*re always asking," said Mrs. 
Weinstein, "if the Negroes are 
ready. I think the question is, are 
we white volunteers ready to prove 

NCJW, in Cooperation with 22 
other organizations, has published 
a 32-page pamphlet containing the 
official summary and recommenda- 
tions of the Report of the National 
Advisory Commission on Civil Dis- 
orders. Copies of the pamphlet are 
available at 15 cents each, $10 per 
100, from NCJW, One West 47th 
St., New York, N. Y. 10036. 


National Council of Jewish Women I Spring 1968 

(Continued from page 7) 
Organization that the Convention 
elected her President. For the next 
three years, she traveled through- 
out Europe, Asia and South Amer- 
ica recruiting many new countries 
to the Organization and many wom- 
en to a new way of life. 

In 1955, she was elected an 
NCJW national vice-president. 
By the time she became president 
of NCJW in 1963, Mrs. Willen was 
a nationally known leader. After 
the passage of the historic Civil 
Rights Act of 1964, President John- 
son appointed her to the National 
Citizens Committee charged under 
the Act with working on Commu- 
nity relations problems in local 
areas. The next yoar, he named her 
chairman of the committee charged 
with formulating social welfare 
recommendations for the White 
House Conference on International 
Cooperation Year. 

These honors, however, never 
stopped her from "climbing stairs 
and marching in demonstrations." 
In the summer of 1964, when 
NCJW sparked a historic remedial 
program in the New York public 
sehools, Pearl Willen went up to 
Harlem to be a volunteer. During 
that same summer, she also took 
part in the courageous Wednesdays 
in Mississippi expeditions which 
enabled Northern women leaders to 
exchange experiences with Southern 
women working for civil rights. 
Six weeks before the fatal trip to 
Africa, she marched with the Jean- 
nette Rankin Brigade which dem- 
onstrated in Washington against 
the war in Vietnam. 

When it looked as though the 
5,000 women demonstrators might 
be arrested, she told a reporter, 
"Fm 63 years old and Fve never 
been in jail, but now I wouldn't 
mind going if there were some 

The tributes now are still pour- 
ing in — from the picketers and the 
picketed. President Johnson wrote 
to Mr. Willen, "Please know that 
our outspoken admiration for her 
in life was but a trivial token of 
the deep gratitude we owe her and 

of the profound pain her absence 
brings." Similar letters and tele- 
grams came from Vice-President 
Humphrey, Governor Nelson Rock- 
efeiler, Senators Jacob Javits and 
Robert Kennedy, President Eliahu 
Elath of Hebrew University, James 
Farmer, Whitney Young, members 
of the New York State delegations 
in Congress and in Albany, judges, 
social workers and the scores of 
women who worked with her. 
Of the many words spoken, per- 

haps best remembered are those of 
her nephew, the young novelist 
Jeremy Larner, who spoke at her 

"I remember her particularly," 
he said, "as I found her one day 
gardening in the country. She was 
in the midst of a thicket and was 
digging her way out, enjoying every 
minute of it. ' 

"I like to think of her that way," 
he said, "making a path through 
the woods." 

Israel's Finest Hour : 

MW UNK 1967 


How we all trembled with fear for IsraeFs safety? How we 
poured forth our dollars to help in the emergency? How we 
switched from one newscast to the next, and back again? How 
we sent protest telegrams, and united as never before, so that 
Israel would be safe? 

Then Imagine: 

What was it like in Israel in those perilous days 

in May and in June, and after the incredible vic- 

tory of the Israeli Defense Forces. 

A book capturing the life and spirit of Israel 

in those days— in hitherto untold eyewitness ac- 

counts— has just been published. It is called 


It is the Story of the people of Israel, 
in their own worcls, carefuUy se- 
iected from their letters and diaries, 
from the front-iinc and homc-front 
news stories and from the radio re- 
ports. You will, when you opcn 
self in Israel last May and June- 
sharing the fears and the courage, 
the triumphs and the whole unbe- 








lievable episode that occurred in 
that period. 

you proud of the Jewish people's 
high courage, and of your own role 
in Israel's finest hour. 
For your own library, for your Jew- 
ish and Gentile fnends, for all who 
believe that freedom is worth fight- 
ing for. 


Edited by Ruth Bohdy, Ohad Zmora and Raphael Bashan 
504 pp. cloth, 6" X <y, prinied In Israel $7.95 



SABRA BOCKS 3B Weit 32nd Street. New York. N.Y. 10001 | 

»«^^'"ViSwo< ^'»^MOentlcmen: PIcasc send me_^ copyOcs) of MISSION SURVIVAL. ' 




>•*•?*?.«. otW'* 


Puhlication dale, 

May 2nd— 


20t h anniversary 

cdited by Ruth Bondy. Ohad Zmora and Raphael Bashan for 10 days' 
free examination. Within that time I will examinc the book or return 
it without Obligation. 

Save! Enclose pavment and we will pay maillng and handling charges. 
Same return Privileges. 





, n Check enclosed ^ _ -. , . 

I Add local and State laxes whcrever applicable 

D Bill me, plus mailing and handling charges. i 




Summer and Fall Tours 1968 Luxurious, Carefree Travel at Bargain Prices 


Leaving June30, Aug. 4, Sept. 15, Oct. 20-$1125 


Leaving June 16, July 21, Aug. 25, Oct. 8 — $1039-$1079 


Leaving July 22, Aug. 25, Oct. 20 - $870-$895 


Leaving Aug. 29, Oct. 10, Nov. 7 — $678 


Leaving June 14, 28; July 19, 26; Aug. 2, 16 - $885-$935 


Leaving June 5; July 10, 17, 24, 31 ; Sept. 4, Oct. 9 — $745 


Leaving July 14, Sept. 1, Oct. 20 — $579 

ORIENT 31 Days 

Leaving June 28, Aug. 23, Oct. 18, Nov. 1,8- $1454-$1664 


Leaving Oct. 1 7 — $1 899 

MEXICO 16 Days 

Leaving June 29, Aug. 3, Nov. 16, Dec. 7 — $479 

All tours are first class (de luxe In Israel). 
Expert guides take care of all travel detalls. 



(I 11 cities, Yosemite National Park 
and the Grand Canyon 
35 Days — leaving July 19 — $767 
*for NCJW Councilettes only 

Tour Department 


One West 47th St. 

New York, N.Y. 10036 

Please rush me all detalls about the NCJW sumnner and fall 1968 tour program D 

the Councilette tour D 



Address ^ 



Art and 




^vv ^ '^HMMBHHMMMMj 








— ^^B 














l -^ 























Director, UAHC Commission 

on Synagogue Administration 


Sculptress Erna Weil, whose woric is at Har El Synagogue in Jerusalem, is the creator of 
these moving figures which she calU "Mothers of Birmingham/' instalied on the Teaneck, 
N.J., Campus of Fairleigh Oickinson University. They are o memoria! to the four Negro 
chiiciren kilied in the bombing of a church. 

HiDDEN by the sands of the desert 
for seventeen hundred years, the 
remains of the old Roman com- 
mercial center of Dura-Europos, on the 
banks of the Euphrates, has proven to 
be more than the usual archeological dis- 
covery. Preserved almost intact after the 
Roman garrison evacuated it in the year 
240, it revealed a synagogue with bib- 
lical scenes such as Solomon sitting in 
judgment and Joseph amid his brethren. 
Most revealing to the Jew was the role 
of art in the ancient synagogues, thus 
helping to shatter the myth that the pro- 
hibition against the graven image had 
its origins in antiquity. 

In recent years, scholars both Jewish 
and Gentile have researched and written 
about the role and course of the Jew, 
art, and the synagogue. Note has been 
taken of the barriers, religious and phys- 
ical, placed before the individual Jewish 
artist. Restricted behind ghetto walls and 
denied access to the schools open to 
those of other faiths, the Jewish artist 
devoted himsef to glorifying his God 
through the ceremoniai objects used in 
synagogue and home. 

Today, more than 700 years since the 
Roman legions left the scene, gone are 


the restrictions and limitations. A free 
and affluent Jewish Community creates 
buildings in which to worship their God, 
educate their children in Judaism, and 
identify with their heritage. Gone too 
are some of the traditional requirements 
of the worship service, and changed are 
the historical attitudes about the appear- 
ance of the synagogue building and its 
esthetic embelHshment. A decade of 
feverish activity dots the countryside 
with new buildings. What is the verdict? 
Have the last two decades produced art 
and architecture that the American Jew- 
ish Community can point to with pride? 

Ben Shahn, Abraham Rattner, Ibram 
Lassaw, Robert Motherwell, Frank 
Lloyd Wright, Walter Gropius, Minoru 
Yamasaki — a veritable galaxy of re- 
nowned contemporary artists and archi- 
tects have contributed their talents to 
the contemporary synagogue building in 
the last twenty years. The American 
synagogue has veritably become a major 
patron of the arts. Scholars and artists, 
rabbis and architects, educators and lay 
leaders on building committees are ask- 
ing what it all means. 

To evaluate its meaning properly the 
UAHC called upon Avram Kampf, asso- 

ciate Professor of art at Montclair State 
College in New Jersey and associate of 
the Department of Art History and Ar- 
cheology of Columbia University. This 
study, just published by UAHC, is des- 
tined to have an impact upon synagogue 
art and architecture in the future. 

A critical survey of contemporary 
synagogue art, Dr. Kampfs book con- 
tains more than 300 illustrations of ex- 
teriors and interiors of synagogue build- 
ings from one end of the land to the 
other. It candidly explores the works of 
some of the leading sculptors, painters, 
mosaicists, weavers and stained-glass art- 
ists. Has there been a true union of the 
synagogue and the arts? Has there been 
a meaningful collaboration between the 
artist, the rabbi and the architect? 

The UAHC's Commission on Syna- 
gogue Administration is proud to have 
played a role in this important Publish- 
ing project and believes that every syna- 
gogue library, every rabbi and every in- 
terested lay leader in the congregation 
GOGUE ART: Developments in the 
United States, 1945-1965, by Avram 
Kampf, an intellectual journey with 
many rewards. 




ftie IM.Y Institute of PholoTfiSn^With UÄBA BoardtJu^lN ^''''^ 


graphy in June . . . Just in 
time to take liis own wedding 
Photos, eh? . . 

Unitarian Evelyn Knowlton will 
lead the discussion at the Meet- 
ing H ouse. Mohegan Lake, on 

man John H. Harmon chairing 
the meeting, the committee set 
up a bylaws subcommittee, a 
fund-raising committee and a 
slate to be presented at Mar. 9th 
Yonkers meeting . . . 

J ^' 

Noted Sculptress 
To Present Work 


. i^:. 



TEANECK, N.J. - Erna Weill, 
internationally known sculptress, 
has completed a statue. "The 
Mothers of Birmingham", which 
she will present to Fairleigh Dic- 
kinson University. ' 

The Statue commemorates the| 
tragedy of September 15, 1963, 
when a Negro church was bomb- 
ed, and four children were killed 
in Birmingham, Alabama. 

It is a memorial to the bitter 
fruits of intolerance. The arrest- 
ing group of four women in the 
throes of grief and is modern in 
style. It Stands eighteen inches 
high, on a base forty-five inches 

The artist, who is skilled in 
many media (metals, stone, con- 
crete, marble, terra cotta), de- 
cided to cast this statue in bronze. 
Survcying her newly completed 
work, she said. "Intolerance and 
bigotry are terriblc things. This 
is my way of sipeaking out a- 
gainst them." 

For Youths 
She especially wished y o u n g 
people always to be mindful of 
the tragedy that the sculpture 
commemorates. Said Mrs. Weill, 
"If young people are made aware 
of the terror this tragedy pro- 


duced. perhaps they will shape a 
World, in which this will never 
be allowed to happen again." 

The artist herseif composed the 
inscription for the plaque that 
accompanies the statue: "A Ne- 
Igro church was bombed; four 
Uttle children were killed, in 
Birmingham, on September 15, 
1963. Are there worse crimes 
against humanity? Still, life goes 
!on as usual. Who thinks of the 
pain and suffering of the griev- 
ing women? We shall not forget'.' 
Mrs. Weill, whose rieh artistic 
background is detaiied in "Who's 
Who of American Women*', has 
exhibited in Europe, Asia, and 
America. Her work forms part 
of the permanent collections of 
museums from Now York ( Brook- 
lyn Museum) to Israel (Tel Aviv 
and Bezalel Museums). 

Formal presentation of the sta- 
tue will take place, in a ccrc- 
mony at P'airleigh Dickinson Uni- 
versity. on Sunday afternoon, 
February 28. The statue will then 
be placed in the library of the 
University. Resting on a pedes- 
tal several feet high, it will be 
the first sight to meet all visi- 
tors entering the University li- 
brary. on the Teaneck Campus. 

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In ap« 






LfrbttarY 26. 1965 



S V 




jancroft, Icft, 
set of "The 

ices Patricia 
and on the 

BancroK started her new ass»«»""""*. »^ rf, 

^^ Tricks Sought 
By Practical Joker 

ince Barneini^^röS Hollywood 
Scene; His Taunts Related 

AHists To Make 
City ^peraDehuts 

Season At ^Ö^^^^^^^^^ "^"'^ 
With Torgy And »ess 

— r — rT^artistÄ will be making their 
New York - ^""'•^^«"''^onera Company this spring 

debuts with the New '^<>l'^.^%2Tv^c^^^^^ the City Cen- 
for its 5-weelc season of 20th Ce«^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 

ter commencing next Friday n w 

Julius Rudel, general director. 

'Among the new artists arel 
sojranof Eilcen fchauler am! 
T li Ann Wycoff, tenors Rooeri 
lchmo"?r an\ Enrdo DiG usep- 
nP and baritonc Jack Bi"nc\: 
Miss Schauler. Miss Wycoff.and 
giitaeT'bow in Shostakovich s 
"Katerina Ismailova , wnicn 
hJs HS East Coast preniiere m 

fte revised .opcra as the com- 

nanv's opening biU on Maren *. 

K Ichauler wül have the title 

■'tchmorr will beheardta "The 
Ballad of Baby D08" on Sunday 
matinee. March 7. ««d lUGiu 
Seppe in "The Saint of BleecKer 
Street" on March 18. , 

Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess . 
which gives its first perform- 
2e on'March 5, provides roles 
for nine new voices. The sm£ 
ers a« Robert Mos ey. Joyce 
Rrvant Barbara Smith-Conraa, 
?Kus Bash. Claudia Ltadsay 

Helen ^o^^I'J^'^^trikis 
Pierson, and,CajTmgton Lew« 


Teaneck Woman Noted 
For Versatility 

Teaneck — A special event 
i^A with the Teaneck 
Sdgh pÄsoJ'university 
?own Sd Gown Society "jeet- 
, ing this Sunday at the Unlver 
sity's Teaneck Campus, wdl be 
r Ixhibit of eight Pjeces of 
sculpture by Erna WeiU. 

Another of Mrs. WeiU's sculp- 
ture"" titled,, "The Mother. g 
Birmingham", will be formauy 
accepted for the Umyersity by 
nV Peter Sammartino. Fair- 
feiih D ckinson President, du^ 
Sf the meeting. which wül be 


san« Tosca. with the St. Paul beginning at 3 P. M. .^ 

Opera Company, the title role .j,j,g ^ight pieces are Hora 

2, Broadway's "My ^^'}^,,UhTonze). ''IngaÜ'enng of the 

1 aMq" and "The Merry Widow y^nas" (bronze), Ronao 

Bernstein" (plaster), and One 
„,." rstnnel. They will be 

has been "«»»""• "'„/"^iearo" 
of "The Marriage of Figaro 

and "Carmen", and^, sang m 

"The Merry Widow, Pma 

fore". and "The M&ado . Bltt 

„er has sung m_ La Traviata , 

^e^s-nstoneT'They .will be 

I Hollywood, (NANA) - The 
ate M. G. M. tycoo». Louis B^ 
Kaver was guest of honor at a 
Es dimier in Hollywood years 
Igo and had to be restramed 
pom ^valking out o the a«a> 
h a huff. One of the waiters 
Tept whispering about a story 
fe'^would like to have Mayer 
read. Getting no response the 
rellow begain tauntmg him about 
tome of the pictures the studio 
ps turning out. The crownmg 
Insult came when he dropped a 
toiece of pie on his lap. 

The enraged Mayer finally 
was calmed down by bis hosts 
and when informed he had been 
taken in by a new Pract'cano 
ker in town. he immediateiy 
Ibegan showing admiration - 
and Jobs - on the PfPetrator. 
This was Short, Pudgy- balj- 
headed Vince Barnett, freshm 
from Pittsburgh. Pa. thus com- 
menced one of.the nios unique 
careers in movie busmess 

After practicing on Mayer, 
Vince took off on the pompous 
^fcil B De Müle at another 
dinner. spiUing soup on his 
laokin and clumsily falUng 
against the great man several 
limes De Mille was red-faced 
^Hh Indignation, during the 

to hire Barnett for his own pri- 
vate parties thereafter. 

Barnett could fit into any event 
or gathering. Dependmg on its 
nature, he would be a sober 
federaijudge. a noted surgeon,, 

a British Admiral or, as m a 
1939 appearance at a Washmg- 
ton D C. political gathering, he 
provoked a small riot in the role 
S °In ambassador from a non- 
existent South American repub- 
ifc He had an amazing vocabu- 
ary a fine assortment of hair- 
pieces and wardrobe get-ups and 
he could hold an audience spell- 
bound from the Start Oncc un- 
der way. his speeches woulrl 
gradually drift. into a blur of 
completely unintelligible dou- 

ble-talk. , . xn^^A 

The news today about Vmce 

Barnett is that he's back in 

Hollywood-back after a long 

absence durtag ^hich an en- 

tirely new crop of possible party 

victims has come to »8^: " 

is doubtful. however, if Vince 

can be prevailed upon to take 

off on them. regardless of the 

fee. An old friend, Jerry Lewis, 

persuaded Vtace to play a fea- 

tured role in his currently shoot- 

S comedy. "The Fami^ 

Jewels". and after «hat assign- 

ment. it will be back to busi- 

~ the hamburger busmess! 

"It was great fun. but there 

was a heck of a lot of danger 

to ribbmg." recalled Vmce^ 

^Satros?' "Tiger At The ot P^^J the sculptrcss' work. 
Gate?" In'd with'the American P^«* °^.\ .:.„„t „f Tea 


ffie". and "Cavaüeria Bus- 

"^MUs"' Bryant bas never ap- 
peared on an operatic ftmüsv 
?al comedy stagc bffore but 
has sung with *« Washington 
Svmnhony Orchestra (Wagner 
ädPucctai arias) and Jas ap^ 
peared on tbe concert stage 
fhroughout _ the^country. Miss 

RS U* H*^ » v~-i 

Mrs. WeiU, a resident of Tea- 

ÄS' t 'Äir Äfs;; 

^ ^ t.r^n workinÄ in many 
Sr^She^ff Whes. her 

Ä4rrr yin *^g"^ 

^'one'" of her architectural 
works "Jacob's Dream", is at 
reTeaneck Jewish Center. Oth- 
pr« are at the white riams, 
N Y Jewish Center and at 

Coughou? to; country..Miss N^^-.^e-g» l„^^^^^ 
SmUh Conrad was heard « the Temp^e u .^ .^ ^^ p^,. 

title role of "Aida" (concert vcr A^'^'^^t coUections of museums 
cinn^ in "Rigolctto". and the manem «^u Birmingham, 

^ame roles of bo^h "Tosca" and in Athens Ga.. j^^. 

"Madama Butterfly". Mosley is ^la-. Tel Av^'-j/^^eu^ and the 
a winner of the Met Opera Audi- m the J|w^ j^^^^,^^ New 

tion" and holds both a Manan House ot^^ .^ ^^ ^^^ ^„^ 
Anderson Award and a Rocke- i'""'' uy^e Park, N. Y. . 
feUer Grant. Last June he was Library ny ,^ ^^ 

Kard under Kostelanitz with «le ^'^f^^^'^rt" and "Who's Who 
Philharmonie at Lincoln Centen A/n^^^j^grican Women", the 
Miss Bash has sung with the ot «" ^ jone portrait 
cS Center Light Opera Com- ««f P^rf ^ ^^^ Bernstein, Ru- 
pany ta "Porgy and Bess and g« °|g,^i„, Nathan Milstein. 

"Finian's Ratabow".. Lewis ha. ^.^'P" j LaGuardia, Franklm D. 

bernseenin-RunLi'lChiUun . Fio^^^^^^^^^^^ Huber. and 

"Green Pastures". and dbir !;»v,«r« 

oS toe xL-c" among others. lothers. 


Movie Timetable 

•*''*^ ' *^ ■— ..Willi I »n\hni 

i»JtS ot|v 



Teaneck Woman Noted 
For Versatility 

Teaneck — A special event 
connected with the Teaneck 
Fairleigh Dickinson University 
Town and Gown Society meet- 
ing this Sunday at the Univer- 
sity's Teaneck Campus will be 
an exhibit of eight pieces of 
sculpture by Erna Weill. 

Another of Mrs. Weill's sculp- 
tures, titled "The Mothers of 
Birmingham", will be formally 
accepted for the University by 
Dr. Peter Sammartino, Fair- 
leigh Dickinson President, dur- 
ing the meeting, which will be 
held in the Library auditorium, 
beginning at 3 P. M. 

The eight pieces are **Hora*' 
(bronze), "Ingathering of the 
Exiles'* (bronze), ''Rondo" 
(bronze), "Mother" (bronze), 
**Unknown Political Prisoner" 
( terra cotta), **Professor Martin 
Buber" (terracotta), "Leonard 
Bernstein" (plaster), and **One- 
ness" (stone). They will be 
shown, in a room adjoining the 
auditorium, Sunday only. Also 
on display will be a number 
of photographs of other exam- 
ples of the sculptress* work. 

Mrs. Weill, a resident of Tea- 
neck for the last 12 years, spe- 
cializes in Jewish religious 
sculpture, working in many 
media. She also teaches, her 
students ranging in age from 
youngsters to golden age 

One of her architectural 
works, "Jacob's Dream", is at 
the Teaneck Jewish Center. Oth- 
ers are at the White Plains, 
N. Y., Jewish Center and at 
Temple El Har, Jerusalem. 

Also her work is in the per- 
manent collections of museums 
in Athens, Ga., Birmingham, 
Ala., Tel Aviv, and Jerusalem; 
in the Jewish Museum and the 
House of Living Judaism, New 
York; and in the Hyde Park 
Library, Hyde Park, N. Y. 

Listed in "Who's Who in 
American Art" and "Who's Who 
of American Women", the 
sculptress has done Portrait 
busts of Leonard Bernstein, Ru- 
dolph Serkin, Nathan Milstein, 
Fiorella LaGuardia, Franklin D. 
Roosevelt, Martin Huber, and 
other s. 































Teaneck Woman Noted 
For Versatility 

Teaneck — A special event 
connected with the Teaneck 
Fairleigh Dickinson University 
Town and Gown Society meet- 
ing this Sunday at the Univer- 
sity's Teaneck Campus will be 
an epchibit of eight pieces of 
sculpture by Erna Weill. 

Another of Mrs. Weill*s sculp- 
tures, titled **The Mothers of 
Birmingham", will be formally 
accepted for the University by 
Dr. Peter Sammartino, Fair- 
leigh Dickinson President, dur- 
ing the meeting, which will be 
held in the Library auditorium, 
beginning at 3 P. M. 

The eight pieces are **Hora'* 
(bronze), "Ingathering of the 
Exiles" (bronze), ''Rondo'* 
(bronze), *'Mother" (bronze), 
**Unknown Political Prisoner'* 
(terracotta), ''Professor Martin 
Buber" (terracotta), "Leonard 
Bernstein" (plaster), and "One- 
ness" (stone). They will be 
shown, in a room adjoining the 
auditorium, Sunday only. Also 
on display will be a number 
of photographs of other exam- 
ples of the sculptress' work. 

Mrs. Weill, a resident of Tea- 
neck for the last 12 years, spe- 
cializes in Jewish religious 
sculpture, working in many 
media. She also teaches, her 
students ranging in age from 
youngsters to golden age 

One of her architectural 
works, "Jacob's Dream", is at 
the Teaneck Jewish Center. Oth- 
ers are at the White Plains, 
N. Y., Jewish Center and at 
Temple El Har, Jerusalem. 

Also her work is in the per- 
manent collections of museums 
in Athens, Ga., Birmmgham, 
Ala., Tel Aviv, and Jerusalem; 
in the Jewish Museum and the 
House of Living Judaism, New 
York; and in the Hyde Park 
Library, Hyde Park, N. Y. 

Listed in "Who's Who hl 
American Art" and "Who's Who 
of American Women", the 
sculptress has done portrait 
busts of Leonard Bernstein, Ru- 
dolph Serkui, Nathan Milstein, 
Fiorella LaGuardia, Franklin D. 
Roosevelt, Martin Huber, and 
other s. 


X >/ ^ /> A-^<« 





Vlarinus Galanti, left; the sculptor. 
|k; Dr. Peter Sammartino, president 
[rs. Althea Herald, director of the 










Is of 

|id of 





ty at 
|o in- 

'd to 
'S to 


that later Condensed into the 
Sun and the planets, he said in 
a release by the observatories. 

Comets are belle ved to be col- 
lections of chunks of fnozen 
gases that spend most of their 
time in the deep-freeze of space. 
They heat up a bit as they ap- 
proach the sun and some of the 
gases evaporate, forming long 
tails spectacularly illuminated 
by the Sun. 

The rare form of carbon 
found by Greenstein and Dr. 
Antoni Stawikowski of the 
Nicolas Copernicus University of 
Poland, working with the 200- 
inch telescope of Palomar 
Mountain, is carbonlS. It oc- 
curs on Ikeya in the ratio of one 
atom to every 70 of common 
carbon-12. The Earth ratio is 
one to 90. 


Mrs. Weiirs Sculpture 
Has Racial Theme 

Teaneck — A sculpture, *'The 
Mothers of Birmingham" by 
Mrs. Erna Weill of Teaneck, 
has been received by Fairleigh 
Dickinson University. 

The work shows four women 
representing the mothers of the 
Negro children killed in the 
church bombing in Birming- 
ham, Ala., in September 1963. 
"I wanted to get a response 
of compassion for the mothers, 
so deeply hurt, in their grief,*' 
explainerl Mrs. Weill. 

The sculptor, who fled with 
her family from Nazi persecu- 
tion in Frankfurt, Germany. in 
1939, said she was happy that 
young people would see her 

'•People forget so easily," 
she said. 

Mrs. Weill and her family 
have lived in Teaneck for the 
past 12 years. Her work 
"Jacob's Dream" is in the Tea- 
neck Jewish Center. 
j She is also represented in 
I the permanent coUections of 
I museums in Athens, Ga., Bir- 
I mingham. Ala., New York City, 
j and Tel Aviv. 

j She has done Portrait busts 
! of Leonard Bernstein, Fiorella 
La Guardia, F. D. Roosevelt, 
Martin Buber, and others. 

Jakarta, Indonesia (UPI) — 

Fifteen young Americans have 
arrived to form the third group 
of Peacp Corps voJunteers in 
Itidonesia. They will join 40 
other Pecice Corps members al- 
ready scattered throughöut the 
Islands of Indonesia. 


New Brunswick — Senl 
Harrison A. Williams Jr. 
N. J.) will join alumni of 
Rutgers Graduate School ol 

Give YO 







<•.•.•■.••.■.•.•.• .V.W.'.' 




The Christmas jj^ift that wi| 
From the man who wants 
Is a pair of Bostonian fine 
The shoe that fits like a sm| 
Hand-sewing makes comfor 

The stitches are *'locked** atl 


HU 8-84' 

New Sinclair Nicki 
most important 

improvement si 




^ I^Y I #'^l^*'*^^^f|f^'Wl^:':'?!l^^ 

ORT Sabbath 
Fiiday At 

Beth Sholom 

TEANECK— The annual ORT 
Sabbath will be observed Frlday 
evenlng, Dec. 4 atCongregatlon 
Beth Sholom, Rutland ave. 

The celebratlon, heldallover 
the country, marks the rededl- 
catlon of all chapters to the alms 
and projects of the Organization 
for Rehabilitation through 

Chalrmen for the tradltlonal 
observance are Mrs. Albert 
Elchen, Mrs. Herman Brown 
and Mrs. Samuel Katz. FDU RECEIVES STATUARY - Erna Welll»s movlng group of four anguished ügures, "Mothers 

All members and fflends of °' Birminghairf/ was presented last week to Falrlelgh Dlcklnson Unlverslty, In whose library it 
the local chapters are invlted ^s displayed. Admirlng the work at its presentatlon are (left to right) Mrs. Althea Herald, Di- 
to Joln In worshlp and In the rector of the Teaneck campus Ubrary; Dean Marlnus C. Galantl of the local campus, Mrs. 
Oneg Shabbat foUowlng. Weill, and Dr. Peter Sammartino, President of FDU. 

Orphans' Gifts Garden Club Holiday Decorations Show 

Brought To — — 

Holiday Party 













TEANECK — Gifts for the 
chlldren of Sacred Heart Or- 
phanage in Kearnywere brought 
by members of the Altar and 
Scapular Society of St. Anas- 
tasia Church last evening to 
the unit's annual Christmas 

Grab bag gifts were also ex- 
changed at the event, whichwas 
held in the school Cafeteria. 

Father Henry Goodwin, mod- 
erator, Father Frances Blum, 
Father Gordon Brady and all 
past presidents of the society 
were guests of honor. 

Entertainment was provided 
by Mrs. W. A. Conway, Mrs. 
Edward Bryan and Mrs. William 

Mrs, A, B. 0*Connor was 
chairman of the party. 

Symphony Guild 

Musicale Set 
For Sunday 

TEANECK - Marcla Prester 
and Henrletta Wendtwillbefea- 
tured in a two- piano concert 
Sunday evenlng at the home of 
Mrs. Irene Taylor, 59 Oakdene 

The recltal, under the spon- 
sorshlp of the Teaneck Sym- 
phony Women's Guild, will be 
the first of thls season's series 
of intlmate evenlng muslcales. 

The planlsts will play the 

Mozart sulte ffom Serenade In 

D, Debussy's Danses Sacrees 

let Profanes, Bach's Allegra 




Miss Iris Jane Walman 

TEANECK-The New Jersey Soffel are servlng as co-chalr- Fred Herrmann, hostesses; Mrs 
Tercentenary wUl be honored men, and Mrs. H. E. MuUer Is Matthew Costtgan, judges; Mrs. 
to the Teaneck Garden Club's Consultant. h. E. Marttason, schedule. 

annual exhlMt of holiday decor- Mrs. PhUlp Napollello is In Warren Dlercksen and James 
^ons for the home.The trad- Charge of reservations. Mrs. R. Cereghlnl are ta Charge of stag- 
itlonal Show, which features the f. Gagg Is chairman of club to- tag; Mrs. John Nugent. Publicity: 
work of many glfted arrangers vltaüons; Mrs. Thomas Hague, Mrs. Frank Woodcock, com- 
ta annual contest, wül be held of niches; Mrs. Robert Young, mlttee hospltaUty and Mrs. Carl 
on Saturday, Dec. 12,from 4 to 9 of Juniors; Mrs. Edward Potot, Fleischman, glft table. 
p.m. and Sunday , Dec. 13 from entrles secretaries; Mrs. Abe There are slx classes for ex- 
2 to 6 p.m. at the Woman's Club. Freeman, judges secretaries. hlblts by adults, and one for ,. 

The commlttee of the show Mrs. W. E. Meyers Is chalr- Juniors. Classes are people, pur- rusI 
met recently at the home of Mrs. man of arrangement classlflca^ pose, progress (the theme of the the i 
Paul Parlsl, chairman. Mrs. tlons; Mrs. Mark Zemansky, hört tercentenary), niches, Ha^y New mJ 
Louis Pettorlnl and Mrs. H. E. iculture classlücations; Mrs. Year and special classes, total- pout 

■ ■ — . llng 35 categorles in all for con- g^aj 

U^^w-^„ A Tl • 1%/r • testants. Juniors may compete ta taik 

iloffer A. Fosm Marries three categones. ^igh 

*^ There will be an exhlblt of In- xean 

terestlng and unusual hollles and i^ 
evergreens byMrs.RayLaw- ^rea 
rence. t^e s 

TEANECK.In a setting of plnk and raspberry toned flow- ^^^^e'^t^fj^^^^^ T"' 

ers at Green Spring Synagogue In Baltimore, Maryland, Miss p„ii?" ^^.^ h! Jo'^J . ' ^'''' ^ 

Iris Jane Walman and Roger Alan Posin were unlted In marrlage ^^^^^^ ^^^f, .,, T.fL?oi ^n "^^^^ 

on Saturday, Nov. 14. sultable holiday materlal. In m th 

The brlde is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Walman of ^L Ss\.'^ ^^.^^^^^^^^^^ '^^^ 

Baltimore. Mr. Posln's parents are Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence ^ ^^^^^1^^^^ ^^^«^ 

Posin of 1225 Trafalgar sti-eet. t^ l« ? f^ iLf'"'*^' ^^^^^ 

The 8:30 p.m. ceremony was followed by a reception at the ^Jl't ^ü Admis- per, 

synagogue. ^^^^ ^ ^^* 

Mr. Walman escorted hls daughter, who wore a floor length \nx7w^ä^Vi \Kl 
gown of Champagne peau de soie wlth hlghllghts of re-embroid- ^ 3 Vneil W Omeil 

ered ChantUly lace. A crown of matching lace and seed pearls 
held her tiered Illusion voll. She carrled a cascade bouquet 
of white orchlds and stephanotis. 

She was attended by her sister, Miss Sharon Walman, and 

the bridegroom's sister, Miss Suzanne Posin, who wore Ident- . 

ical floor length gowns in pink, and carrled cascades of plnk the tradlttonal candle llghting 
cymbldlum orchlds. ceremony will open the fes- 

Martln Seldman was best man. Ushers were Gene and Ted tivlties for the Yavneh Women's 
Walman of Baltimore and William Salken of Green Belt, Club tonlght at the unit's an- 
Maryland and Lanny Sussman of Brooklyn. ^^,. nual pald-up membership and 

Mrs. Posin attended the Unlverslty of Maryland and Is now Chanukah party. 
studylng at Strayers College in Baltimore. ,, ,^_ The event will take place at 

Her husband, a graduate of Teaneck High Öchool, attended 8:30 p.m. at the Academy in 

Hold Chanukah 
Meeting Today 

A Champagne reception and 

cur fi 
she c< 

the e^ 

Day, cj 

Is au: 








[seadd ORT 



^rown ^ 

tAO FDU RECEIVES STATUARY - Erna Welll»s moving group of four anguished flgures, "Mothers 

of o' Birmlnghany/ was presented last week to Fairleigh Dicklnson Unlverslty, in whose library it 
)c vlted Is displayed. Admlring the work at Its Präsentation are (left to right) Mrs. Althea Herald, Di- 
pl 1 the rector of the Teaneck campus library; Dean Marinus C. Galanti of the local campus, Mrs, 
"^ Weill, and Dr. Peter Sammartino, President of FDU. 




In fifr JT^^ !^ ^ ^^^^ men. and Mrs. H. E. MuUer Is Matthew Costii 
«.- *° *^ Teaneck Garden Club's Consultant. 
'™ annual eOiSbli 


ple Ei| 
the Ij 

He wil 
cia Pi 


at tli 
to bfl 

Page 2 — Sun Tlines, Wednesday» November 18, 1964 

Erna WeiWs Weeping Mothers 
A Memorial To Birmingham Four 


'■.^ * 

TEANECK— Erna Welllknew 

she would never forget the date 

. Of Sept. 15, 1963. 

-^ She feit emotionally compel- 

led to do something about it, and 

the internatlonallyknownsculp- 

iress set to werk on a statue, 

' to commemorate thebombingof 

a church in Alabama, where four 

' Negro children were killed. 

«*I was shakenbythatterrible 
erlme against children, and a- 
galnst all humaiüty/' says Mrs. 
Welll, a woman of great em- 
pathy. "I wanted to portay 
these mothers, crying out In 

^ ■'■■ She is skllled In many media: 
^ metals, stone, concrete, marble 
terra cotta. The new statue was 
to be in bronze. 

She began in September, 1963 
and worked busily for many 
months in her Alpine drive 
studio. O t h e r sculptures de- 
manded her time and efforts, 
<<but this one meant the most 
to me. She called it "The 
Mothers of Birmingham." 


"Do you see how those four 

Wömen stand isolated and lone- 

ly in their agony?" asks Mrs. 

Weill, surveying the sculpture 

of black bronze wlth golden high 
lights. *«Intolerance andblgotry 
are terrible things,''she adds. 
"This is my way of speaking 
oiit against them." 

But it was not enough merely 
to carve sufferlng in stone, The 
artist wanted all people to re- 
member the disastrous date. 
"I especially wanted young peo- 
ple always to be mindful of this 
tragedy, so that the world they 
will shape will not allow this to 
happen agaln." 

Thus the Idea came to her to 
donate Ihlsproductofherlabors 
to a unlversity, where it would 
be dlsplayed for all the young 
students to see. 

She wrote to Dr. Peter Sam- 
martino President of Falrleigh 
Dickinson Unlversity. He an- 
swered. The two met and dis- 

MOTHERS OF BIRMINGHAM — Sculptress Erna Weill looks tjtioughtfully at her four weeping 
figures, a memorial to the four children killed last year in the bo^bing of a Birmingham church. 
(Photo by Frank Russe) 

cussed the project. 

The statue was sent to the 
foundry to be cast in bronze. 
The unlversity constructed a 
base according to Mrs, Weill's 

specifications* A descriptive plr 
aque was made. 

The artist, whose rieh art- 
istlc background is outlined in 
"Who's Who of American Wo- 
men" has exhibited in Europe, 
Asia and America. Her work 
forms part of the permanent 
coUectlons of museums from 
New York (Brooklyn Museum) 
to Israel (Tel Aviv and Bezalel 
Museums.) Her bronze wall re- 
llef, "Jacob's Dream", is in 
the entrance lobby of the Jewish 
Community Center of Teaneck. 
Now Falrleigh Dickinson Unl- 
versity is added to the roster 
of far-flung places housing her 

««The Mothers of Birming- 
ham" is a memorial to the bit- 
ter frults of Intolerance. The 
arresting group of four weep- 

ing women, in the throes of 
their grief, is modern in style. 
It Stands 18 Inches high, on a 
base 45 inches long. Resting 
on a pedestal several feet high, 
it is the sight that meets all 
visitors entering the unlversity 
library on the Teaneck campus. 

The artist herseif composed 
the inscription: 

««A Negro church was bomb- 
ed; four little children were 
killed, in Birmingham, on Sept. 
15,1963. Are there worse 
crlmes against humanity? Still, 
life goes on as usual. Who thinks 
of the pain and sufferlng of the 
grievlng women? We shaU not 

««A Negro church was bomb- 
ed; four little children were 
killed. We shaU not forget.»» 

/\(^ \m-7 

3. //03 


UCK 6 

t OL C t Cl ( 1^ 


CtiPP'^) c^ 

Ct?(vJA Ue/tt.'s ScuiPTui?^ 

ß(20 7iitr?.S 




r : 



*a'"'3jfc (iuNiax^ j'Vg,^^ 


i'ici^VlC K/ J 

'1-^ 1-. 2 

ß, (^( 6^- 

f* • «♦ 


s Xrl 


Mrs Kn;*» ^' -i counniemorai- 
ng^ls werk**!« in Mi.>§.5sip«pi 

QictoÄp:vlK^"v«^j^' and ^«^ 

The v\''>:'k. "Fb* Br(>th«rs ' v 
in ifq^a cotia «ri<i na-iU be ca$t 
Mi i)V<M'if l)efor^ biMMg put on 
tr>play. it 1«; a m^nional to 
M eha^l S(tiw**nif'\ James 

wtif)*» txxJi»\'* v^erf foand iP a 
pit in Mi'^ii^^ipp» i'^. thp SU 1^ 
m«r of 1964 

Mr*. Wei.. w')rk«*a f'.rvm pic- 
n.r^i <»/ th« ühree men and «b# 
^ayj; »be r»^^.s tr\p ««iiipfurf 
po»'^'*a>^ *•'« 'fl'' i'/uaiity of 
fach ^' 1*.^ v<»\ir!jjf -jvi' ri|Hi 

Arv^th^r •cuiptüf-'» by Mn. 
VI VI.:, •f'^^ M-^ih^^rs (T»f ?<ir- 
jnin^iAir:." 'iepienng jnoth 
^v of four Negro chilHr^a 
Ujilcd jn Cnr ^vmbmg c<f an 
\i3b'<ma «^hiiToh. 1$ i-n th^ !'• 

n^'k Campus 

. V , v 


3 r^6; 

:^r-. . 








\ ♦••; 


^.ik:> y^v 












/ 1 



l,m» ^-.'y 

•~ •■ I- 

•«-»s^ w -^ 



^^i-2^c. 11^^- 

• • 

For the three 
who gave all . . . 

*^ (\m\ ^ Ihre« 'ing civil 
^t? «'rVTrs in xti'^sis'^ippi 
"M U«-^ arcep'» i ^ '^ P<^^' 
mtDrr li-plav Iv Falrleigb 

Thf -Acrk, »'Brüth^rs." by 
Erna ^Vfill of Tcavr. k, Is a 
memoial tn Mirhad Schw^r- 
rer,'^ Chanrv pnd An- 

wore tUM'l in ;i pit .Inrinr: il:(» 

COlta. it V^ n \>r ^•rl^l 1'^ brn,r/f» 

Cori r rnim^ «»n her vK.rk. 
Mrs. \Vm1I saul ^^|♦• wutknl 

fr(.fn ri' ^^^^'^'^ '^ '^'^' -'' ""^'^ 
m^n tnd consntl'd tlie par- 

Th'iJt noi a r.-privjnlit j 
plr»oc n the l!udif)'>na! stue, 
the f. ulpture RiUfpts lo por 
trty Je mdi 'idu.ility of ^acn 
tf ti^j civil rg:it3 worKer;i. 

The de? :n and rhyihm of th« 
sculpturt i gro»ip sugge^ti a 
Lnrmonv nf purpce. 

**it i;; borrible wh^i p^o- 
ple. f^pecially young peoplc 
on the verge of li^e and wUh 
hi^h idf'a's, are n<^^ allo^Acd 
10 f:; isb vhat ihcy Starled out 
U) d)," she .-.aid. 

•'It is just th^se idraüstic 
yoiinß peopie, of different 
iac.'s ai.<l roligions, who 
wnu'vl i/.'kf o'if World a bet- 
tcr (Mir . . !hi^ is my w.^y nf 
(■oj'vin'r.trtj. ' ^ht' s.iid m ex- 
„liiinr,,.; me nM-.;age of 

Anoihrr. iei:it>»d wofk, bv 
Ml- Wriil. 'Ihe MothcMS of 
l;'imin^haPi/' has b^en 
puiced in ihe l airleigh DicK 
mson 'lt*arif(k Campus ii- 
brary. Its siibject is the niotb- 
eis of Ibe Iojt Ne^ro chil- 
dirn killed in the hoi-^hü.g of 
a cliüi-Lh In Alabamiu 





Dorothy Belle Pollack 

• • • • • 

• ■ 


* *l 

• f 


• 4 

* *J 

• 4 
■ •! 



First, there was aburned 
church; then, there was a 
burned car. 

In June of 1964, three 
civil rights workers in the 
South, Michael Schwerner, 
James Chaney, and Andrew 
Goodman, drove to Missis- 
sippi' s Neshoba County, to 
inspect the ruins of theMt. 
Zion Methodist Church, a 
meeting place for civil 
rights groups, which had 
been razed to the ground 
five days before. 

Shortly thereafter, the 
charred Shell of theirPord 
Station wagon was found 
in the vicinity. 

It was another actof vio- 
lence in the roster of the 
Negro revolution in the 

"One cannot stand by and 
let things happen; onemust 
do something" thought 
Erna Weill. 

And so Teaneck's famed 
sculptress, whose art has 
been exhibited and housed 
in museums of three con- 
tinents, set to work to do 
something in the one med- 
ium she knew well. 

She clipped out of the 
newspapers pictures of the 
three young men involved 
in the tragedy, and began 
work on her project. 

She created a terra cotta 
grouping of the three wor- 
kers, all holding hands, 
with Chaney in the middle. 
We visited the sculptress 
on the very day she was to 
pull the Statue out of the 
kiln, in her Alpine Drive 

She led us down to her 
Workshop area, approached 
the Oven, and tensely in- 
formed us, ''If Tm not 
careful, the statue can 
crack or break in the kiln". 
She took two heavy pot 
holders, reached in for the 
Statue, and gingerly hoisted 
out three separate pieces, 
each one representing one 
of the youths. Everything 
was intact. Then, she as- 
sembled the pieces on a 
table, setting them on a 
wooden base, which shein- 
tended to wax. 

There were the three 
workers, arms interlacing, 
in a semi circle. We were 
Struck by two salient fea- 

tures of the artists work: 
the expression of silent 
suffering on the faces, and 
the definite sculpted rhy- 
thm, that seemed to flow 
f rom one f igure to another. 
She then tied the pieces 
together with cord, "since 
they are not really joined 

Before Mrs. Weill sent 
the Statue to the foundry to 
be cast in bronze, she had a 
Visit from her grand- 
daughter, Juliet Bloch. 
''What do you thinkishould 
name this?" she asked the 

"Brothers" answered 
Juliet simply. 

"In one moment' ' recalls 
Mrs. Weill, "my grand- 
daughter had captured the 
essence of the work, for, 
after all, are we not all 
our brothers' keepers?" 

The Statue Stands about 
eighteen inches high, and is 
two feet long. After it was 
returned from the foundry, 
it was sent to Fairleigh 
Dickinson UniversitytoDr. 
Peter Sammartino, asagift 
from the artist. 

Fairleigh Dickinson 
houses another poignant 
Weill creation, "The 
Mothers of Birmingham", 
a work depicting the lach- 
rymose mothers of thefour 
children killed in the bomb- 
ing of the Birmingham 

Says Mrs, Weill, ''Iwant 
our young people to be re- 
minded always of the bitter 
fruits of bigotry and in- 
tolerance. They will shape 
tomorrow's world. I hope 
they will do so with wisdom 
and compassion" 

•n ^h n* 

The Eric Simon menage 
can certainly not be called 
linguistically lazy! All 
family members, Eric, 
Irene, and children, are 
avidly studying French. 
Pourquoi? Mais oui! It is 
because Dr. Simon is taking 
a year's sabbatical, which 
he will spend in France. 

The Simons havealready 
rented a Parisian apart- 
ment for two months on the 

Rue du Docteur Findlay. 
(That name Findlay doesnt 
sound too Gallic to us!) 
During their two month 
sojourn in the apartment, 
the Simons will go house 

. L" 


■■Y'>y-*'>y<*^''*^^X«»*9«<*<»i> .•x^■ 

;.^:^o>x:>MWO' «Mflflfi«fiW«ii«<iU:>x^^^^ 



ART WITH A MESSAGE — Dr. Peter Sammartino, President 
of Fairleigh Dickinson University, and Teaneck sculptress 
Mrs. Erna Weill, stand with her sculpture, "Brothers", a terra 
cotta commemorating the death of three young civil-rights 
workers in Mississippi. It will be cast in bronze for permanent 
display by the university. 




^$2 1,000 in fines assessed 
14,103 were allotted to the 
|69.75 in costs. Breakdown 
licle cases prosecuted by 

.._.ia. -/>^^d^cwv.. ' 1 iie patx Ol cur« Ä)Va^a4//,^D4 

miies during 1965. 

Crime was up slightly this past year in Teaneck. 
The burglary, breaking and entry crimes totalied 
177 as against 139 in 1964. Robbery, assault, larceny 

Peter Sannmartino, Presi- 
dent of FairleighDickinson 
University, and Mrs, Erna 

Weill, Teaneck sculptress, 
with Mrs. Weill's "Broth- 
ers," which has been ac- 
quired by the University. 

The sculpture represents 
three young civil rights 
workers murdered in 

Teaneck Woman's sculpture 
honors dead rights workers 

TEANECK — A sculpture 
commemorating the death 
of three young civil rights 
workers in Mississippi has 
been accepted by Fairleigh 
Dickinson University. The 
work, **Brothers,'' byErna 
Weill of Teaneck, now in 
terra cotta, will be cast in 
bronze, and will be placed 
on one of the University' s 

^'Brothers*' is a memo- 
rial to Michael Schwerner, 
James Chaney and Andrew 

Goodman, who were mur- 
dered and whose bodies 
were found in a pit in 
Mississippi in the summer 

of 1964. 

The sculptress says that 
she is one of those who 
feel basically involved 
when such things happen. 
*Tt is horrible when 
people - especially young 
people on the verge of life, 
and with high ideals - are 
not allowed to finish what 
they Started out to do. It 

is just these idealistic 
young people, of different 
races and religions, who 
would make our world a 
better one. . . this is my 
way of commenting,*' shc 
said of "Brothers.' 

Mrs. Weill worked from 
pictures of the three young 
man, and she was in touch 
with the parents of Mich- 
ael Schwerner. The sculp- 
ture, clearly portrays the 
individulality of each of the 
young civil rights workers. 

/4R m{7 


ißN«. vi 

(dCC C 

i dt 


CLlPP'NC^. RU(G(OUS /\f^l'b ßv CßAjA 



^- i 

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c ^ 



«50/^6 G^f^f^Af\l 

Itfeeded— A New 
U.S. Mideast PoUcy 


The Sands of Sinai 


Setbaclc ior Antislavery 


Americcin Law Comes to Israel 


Art and Artists 


Volume 23. Ne. 32 

DECEMBER 3, 1956 




ABOUT 25,000 Jews, half thc total Jcw- 
ish Community in Egypt, are threatened 
with expulsion, Dr. Maurice L. Perl- 
zweig, director of the World Jewish 
Congress* department of international 
affairs, charged at a press Conference 
in New York. Hundreds, he said, are 
arriving, or are en route to Italy and 
Switzerland. He also reported that an 
Order was issued on Nov. 22 expelling 
all stateless Jews and expropriating 
their property. In addition, all those 
naturalized since 1932 who are sus- 
pected of sympathy with Zionism are 
to be expelled, and those naturalized 
between 1925 and 1932 must apply 
for the right to remain. Even those 
naturalized between 1900 and 1925 
will be subject to scrutiny. Dr. Perl- 
zweig described the Situation of the 
Jews in Egypt's hands as desperate. 
"Thousands are without means to keep 
body and soul together and without the 
opportunity to leave the country." He 
called on the civilized world *'to per- 
suade Egypt*s government to halt its 
barbarous acts." 

DELEGATES from major Jewish organi- 
zations convened in special assembly 
last week in New York by the Presi- 
dents' Conference, a consultative group 
embracing the heads of 17 national 
Jewish groups, expressed concern that 
the UN's failure to endorse direct 
peace negotiations between Israel and 
the Arab states will heighten the crisis 
in the Middle East. They warned that 
the absence of unity and Joint action 
among the major Western allies in- 
vited further penetration into the area 
by the Soviet Union. 

PROTESTING the "warped and big- 
oted" anti-Semitic speech delivered 
recently by Edwin Wright, a high 
official in the State Department, the 
AJCongress called for "the removal of 
Mr. Wright from any position of in- 
fluence or authority within the State 

ABBA EBAN, Israeli Ambassador to the 
U.S., urged a "close understanding be- 
tween the two nations as essential for 
Israel's future.** He spoke at a dinner 
in New York attended by 1,500 persons 
commemorating the 82nd anniversary 
of the birth of the late Dr. Chaim 
Weizmann. Proceeds from the dinner, 
sponsored by the American Committee 
for the Weizmann Institute of Science, 
will go toward construction of the 
Physics Institute of the Weizmann In- 
stitute of Science at Rehovot. 

AN APPEAL to the U.S. Government to 
take the lead, inside and outside the 
UN, to bring about a basic settlement 
of the Middle East problem was voiced 
by Senator Herbert H. Lehman, in an 
address delivered at the B'nai Jeshurun 
Congregation in New York. 

THE AJCONGRESS reproved Represen- 
tative Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., for 
his "lavish tribute** to the late King 
Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia, who legal- 

ized the slave trade in his country and 
condoned Negro slavery "in its most 
primitive form.** 

THE MERGER of the Mizrachi Organi- 
zation of America and the Hapoel 
Hamizrachi of America was announced 
jointly by Rabbi Dr. Bernard Bergman, 
President of Hapoel Hamizrachi, and 
Rabbi Mordecai Kirshblum, President 
of Mizrachi. 

opened a special exhibit honoring the 
Jewish National and University Li- 
brary in Jerusalem. The exhibit will 
remain open until the end of Decem- 


THE GOVERNMENT will float a spe- 
cial loan and levy new taxes to raise 
55 million pounds to meet defense ex- 
penditures. The loan is for 40 million 
pounds. The additional 15 million 
pounds will be raised through taxes on 
postal, telephone, Communications and 
transport Services. 

PLANS for the construction of a Haifa- 
Elath pipeline for the transportation of 
Middle East oil across Israel to the 
distillation plant at Haifa have been 
completed. A French source stated that 
an agreement in principle on such a 
pipeline was reached between Israel 
and France after Israel captured Tiran 
Island, which controls the approach to 
Israel's port of Elath, where the oil 
would be brought by tanker. 

JACOB K. JAVITS, Senator-elect from 
New York State, who visited Israel, 
told a meeting in Tel Aviv of leaders 
of all Israeli parties except the Com- 
munists that the friendly feelings of 
the American people toward Israel had 
not changed. He advised against Is- 
rael's seeking new friends. 

ISRAEL will accept and care for as 
many Hungarian Jewish refugee chil- 
dren as wish to come to it, Moshe Kol, 
director of Youth Aliyah, informed the 
International Union for Child Weifare 
in Geneva. Mr. Kors cable came in 
reply to an appeal of the Union to its 
40 member states to help child rcfu- 
gees from Hungary. 

EGYPTIAN prisoners of war will soon 
be concentrated in one large camp 
under International Red Gross super- 
vision, and will receive the same food 
which Israel troops get, government 
spokesmen announced. 

THE NUMBER of immigrants to arrive 
in Israel since the beginning of the 
year was 46,262. This compares with 
26,866 during the same period last 
year and 37,000 for all of 1955. 


ISRAEL protested to the General As- 
sembly Egypt's expulsion of Jews. A 
letter from Golda Meir, Israeli Foreign 
Minister, charged that 30,000 Jews 
were being deported and that Jewish 
hospitals in Cairo and Alexandria were 
being closed. She asserted Egypt's ac- 
tions were a violation of the human 

rights Provision« of the UN charter 
and asked Princc Wan Waithyayakon, 
President of the General Assembly, "to 
approach the Egyptian Government to 
cause it to desist from its inhuman 

ISRAEL is "eager** to makc arrange- 
nients with the UN Emergency Force 
for withdrawal of Israel's troops from 
Egyptian territory, Mrs. Golda Meir, 
Israel's Foreign Minister, told the Gen- 
eral Assembly. She pointed out that 
Israel had previously informed the UN 
it would withdraw from Egypt upon 
conclusion of "satisfactory arrange- 
ments" with the UN. The "satisfactory 
arrangements Israel seeks, are such as 
will ensure Israel's security against acts 
of belligerency by land or sea.*' 

FRANCE intends to protest to Egypt 
against its plan to expel Jews, Britons 
and French Citizens, it was disclosed by 
Agence of France Presse, the semi- 
official French news agency. The 
agency said Egypt had given its 
French, British and Jewish residents 
the choice of internment or expulsion. 
An Egyptian source was quoted as 
having stated: "We will send the Jews 
into the Sinai desert and let Moses 
lead them back to Israel." 

200 JEWISH REFUGEES from Egypt 
arrived in Geneva and reported that 
all their belongings had been seized. 
They appealed to the International 
Red Gross to "intervene immediately 
in Egypt to savc lives.** The World 
Jewish Congress pledged in Geneva 
that it would "fight the expulsions 
reminiscent of Hitler.*' 

1,300 JEWISH REFUGEES from Hun- 
gary have already been registered at 
Jewish communal and welfare agencies 
in Austria and more are continuing to 
pour in daily, Charles Jordan, director 
general of the Joint Distribution Com- 
mittee, announced in Vienna. 

A MEMORANDUM, charging anti- 
Jewish discrimination by the govern- 
ments of Jordan and Lebanon, was 
submitted by the World Jewish Con- 
gress to the UNESCO Conference in 
New Delhi. The Congress charged that 
Jordan discriminated against Jews 
among UNESCO personnel assigned 
to that Arab country, and that Leba- 
nese discrimination is extended to all 
"persons of Jewish faith generally.** It 
asked that UNESCO take action to 
end this discrimination. 

THE PRESENT Middle East conflict 
has not affected reparation orders or 
shipments, Dr. F. E. Shinnar, head of 
the Israel Purchasing Mission in Ger- 
many, declared in an interview in 
Cologne. Israel, he said, will ask West 
Germany to earmark for reparations 
this year the rate of payment stipu- 
lated in the Reparations Agreement — 
$73 million. Every year so far, West 
Germany has made use of an^ escape 
clause to pay the allowable minimum 
of $59,500,000. 

NAVAL UNITS of Israel have entered 
the Gulf of Akaba through the Strait 
of Tiran, newly freed from Egyptian 
blockade by action of the Israel army 
in the Sinai campaign. 

AKIM SPIVAK, chairman of the Swed- 
ish section of the World Jewish Con- 
gress, died in Stockholm. He had been 
active in relief and resettlement eflforts 
on behalf of World War II refugees. 

DECEMBER 3, 1956 

Art and Artists 

- By Alfred Werner 

New York has been enriched by 
a new show place: the Theodor 
Herzl Insütute at 250 West 57th 
Street has decided to put its wall 
Space and other facilities to use for 
periodic exhibitions of Israeli arts 
and crafts. By taking this step, the 
Institute hopes to help the art and 
artists of Israel in two ways: through 
enabling Israeli artists to avail them- 
selves of space that, in a commercial 
gallery, would be prohibitive in cost; 
and through accepting for display 
only those works which meet a tairly 
high Standard (in reccnt years, some 
dealers, by exploiting the ever-pres- 
ent pro-Israel sentiment, have im- 
posed upon an unsuspecting, artistic- 
ally naive, public "Israeli art, rang- 
ing from mediocre to downnght 

bad) . 

The Institute's new, non-proht, 
enterprise started with a one-man 
Show of Joel Rohr, a 44-yefr-old 
kibbutznik, a native of Poland who 
had livcd twenty-three years in the 
United States before he migrated to 
Palestine in 1946. Rohr's favorite 
media are aquarelles and serigraphs : 
the first demands spontaneity of Vi- 
sion and swiftness of work, while the 
silk screen print requires careful and 
patient raanipulation. According to 
prevailing categories, Rohr might be 
called a realist; enamored with the 
country to which he went after the 
completion of his training and con- 
siderable initial success in Amenca, 
he draws and paints Israel s land- 
scape and people with a rare attach- 
ment to detail. Sometimes one might 
wish he had permitted himself great- 
er freedom to omit minutiae, but on 
the whole his concern for perfect 
design rather than Photographie 
representation results in dehcately 
balanced, rhythmically alive pictures 
of Kibbutz activities, ancient sites, 
trees and flowers in bloom. 

"My paintings deal with people. 
Not in the genre sense, but with my 
own personal appraisal of the psy- 
chic values and encompassing cir- 
cumstances . . . fragmentary bits . . • 
are storcd in the mind to be used 
tentatively when they relate to the 
idea at hand"-thus Ruth Gikow in 
the preface to her exhibition cata- 
loeoie (Rehn Gallery). While he 
gloom of bitter satire pervades the 
oils of her husband, Jack Levme, her 

work, rather decorative by virtue of 
gay color, including a great deal ot 
lold, conjures up a light and pleas- 
Int atmosphere. The lower East Side 
is slowly disappearing, and her oUs 
are a monument to its undepressing 
poverty, and ite wistful folk of all 
ages. One canvas, humorously en- 
tiüed Sans Souci (without care) in- 
cludes, in a window above a kosher 
butchershop, a bearded old Jew 
calmly reading a book. But her deft 
brush also catches the gaudy emo- 
tionalism of a newer ghetto, the 
Puerto Rican slums of the upper 

West Side. , . -, » ^ n \ 

Harry Sternberg (ACA Gal ery) 
is more of a satirist. Sternberg, 
known as a graphic artist and Art 
Students League teacher, now pre- 
sents US with small, vigorously 
painted oils, some of them studies 
of ponderous dowagers and vulgär 
night-clubbers. It is easy to extlaim 
"George Grosz" or "Jack Levme, 
simply because the subject matter 
and the sarcasm are the same But 
the treatment is broader, and the 
frequent use of gold and silver leaf 
somewhat removes whatever stmg 
might have been intended, for a 
romantic touch now pervades the 


Reginald Pollack is an American 
who has been living in Paris for 
quite some time and, like his wite, 
the sabra Hannah Ben-Dov, has be- 
come absorbed by French art. Does 
it matter that his interiors with 
women and his still-lifes are vaguely 
reminiscent of Dufy, Bonnard, and 
perhaps one or two other late mas- 
lers of the Ecole de Paris? There is 
a singing quality in his hghtly 
painted canvases, with their prevail- 
ing poetic blue, and he distiUs only 
as rnuch materiality from everyday 
people and objecto as would enable 
his dreamships to float on the sea 
of Imagination. 

The fine arts are more and more 
shifting to the suburbs. There are 
still, of course, the big metropolitan 
galleries and museums, but accom- 
panying the steady flow of Manhat- 
tan residents to Settlements on the 
fringe, and outside the city, impor- 
tant exhibitions are being staged 
many miles away from Times Square. 
The Teaneck Jewish Community 
Center recently mounted such a 
Show, with works of Avery, Ever- 
good, Raphael Soyer, Constant, 
Menkes, Hondius, Harkavy, Grop- 
per, Chaim Gross and Erna Weill. 
The last-named, a sculptress, ongi- 
nally from Germany and now a resi- 


dent of Teaneck, has done sensitive 
Portrait busts of Franklin D. Roose- 
velt, Fiorello La Guardia, and Pro- 
fessor Martin Buber, and has been 
inspired by the Bible to create semi- 
abstract groups that, avoidmg the 
obvious, allow the beholder to con- 
tinue with his mind where the artist 
stopped (it is significant that the 
Bible, unlike ancient Greek or Ro- 
man üterature, is extremely terse in 
describing individuals or situations ) 
Mrs. Weill's bronze relief, Jacobs 
Dream, was not long ago installed 
on the wall of the Teaneck Jewish 
Center. In the summer of Vio:», 
seven of her sculptures were ex- 
hibited at the House of Living Juda- 

While the Teaneck show presented 
artists irrespective of their residence 
the Jewish Community House ot 
Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, confined its 
latest art show to individuals living 
in the neighborhood. Significantly, 
in either case, artists of the Protes- 
tant or Catholic faith had been in- 
vited along with their Jewish col- 

The New York Times devoted a 
long iUustrated article to two new 
svnagogues and the stained-glass 
Windows of a third. The builders of 
both Temple Emanu-El of Engle- 
wood, N. J., and of the synagogue 
for Congregation B'nai Israel at 
Rumson, a suburb of Red Bank, 
NT., tried, through bold design, to 
recapture "the spiritual atmosphere 
of an ancient desert." The artic e 
remarks about Temple Emanu-El: 
The tent effect of the walls and 
roof of the synagogue, with co on- 
nades rising above the ellipse (the 
elliptically shaped structure) expre^es 
the traditional use of the chuppa that 
is a recurrent feature in much ot 
Judaism's rituals, having its roots in 
the simple tent coverings of the desert. 
Judging solely by the photographs, 
the Solutions arrived at by the archi- 
tects, Kelly and Gruzen, are satis- 
fäctory inasmuch as the maximum 
of lieht and space is gamed, while 
dignity is retained, and the expendi- 
ture (through the use of conc-ete, 
wood and glass) is not forbiddmgly 
high This reviewer has his reserva- 
tions about the appropriateness, both 
functionally and esthetically, of the 
stained-glass windows designed by 
Adolph Gotdieb for the third build- 
ing (also a work of Kelly and 
Grozen) , the Milton Steinberg House 
adioining Park Synagogue (seeCoN- 
GRESS Weekly, January 17, lyo^^)- 
This abstract stained-glass front, 
however, has great charms for the 

novclty-seekers : 

One imniediate effect of the new 
structure was an increase in attend- 
ancc at Services in the synagogue. 
Such was the interest displayed by 
the members of the congregation and 
by other visitors to the memorial 
building that a booklet is being pre- 
pared to answer numerous questions 
about the facade. 

# « « 

Despite repeated refutations by 
authorities, the old accusation that 
the synagogue is hostile to the Fine 
Arts, continues to come up again 
and again. Hence one welcomes an 
editorial in the Brooklyn Jewish Cen- 
ter Review, by the Genter's rabbi, 
Benjamin Kreitman, on "The atti- 
tude of Judaism toward Art." Below 
are a few excerpts: 

The artistic spirit as it makes itself 
manifest in the construction of things 
is regarded in the Biblc as wisdom 
resulüng from divine inspiradon. . . . 
Because only carved figures or statues 
were, as a ruie, objects of worship, 
the Prohibition (of the Second Com- 
mandment) was not applied to flat or 
painted images. Portrait-paindng, 
therefore, was nevcr forbidden by the 
law. . . . Contrary to accepted opinion, 
there was a flourishing Synagogue art 
in the period preceding medieval 
times, during the Roman and Byzan- 
tine hegemony. The Synagogue being 
no longer within the scope of his 
talents, the Jewish ardst turned to the 
art of Illumination and the fashioning 
of ceremonial objects for his artistic 

* * # 

It is astonishing how easily some 
form of "Higher Anti-Semitism" can 
tum up in the work of a scholar, 
particularly if he adheres to shop- 
worn notions long discarded by most 
of his colleagues. I refer to Marcel 
Brion's introduction to The Bihle in 
Art, a süperb volume of reproduc- 
tions of paintings, sculptures and 
other works of art (Phaidon Press, 
London and New York). The vol- 
ume includes some well-known and 
less widely known masterworks by 
Christian artists from the early 
Middle Ages to the middle of the 
18th Century, and, in addition, re- 
productions of such Jewish art as 
illuminations of Hebrew manuscripts 
and the murals in t